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Amiga's 4096 colors onscreen at one time The Ahoy!'s AmigaUser Program Disk, Volume I contains all the type-in programs from the May 1988 through January 1989 issues of Ahoy!'s Amigallser, including the following: AmigaUserTerm-Amiga BASIC terminal software with many of the features of commercial programs Matrix Pattern-an area fill pattern creator that allows you to output to data statements ABM-def.end three missile bases and six cities against a full-scale alien attack Mailbox-a speedy name and address management and label printing system Plus routines from Amiga Toolbox, and a sampling of the best of Amiga public domain software, including Amoeba Invaders (arcade action); Dmouse (mouse pointer animator); DropShadow V. 2.0 (window enhancer); Puny (printer utility); and ViewBoot and VirusX V. 2.0 (virus prevention, detection, and cure programs) and other surprises! ,-, I D Send me copies of the Ahay!'s AmigaUser Program Disk, Volume I at .95 each (outside US, .95 each). D Payment enclosed: $ . D Please bill my credit card. D MasterCard 0 VISA Card # Exp. Date _ Signature. _ Name ' Address ! City tate Zip _ I Your disk will be sent immediately upon receipt of your order; however, due ! to postal delays, please allow at least two weeks for delivery. I L ORDER TODAYI Send coupon or facsimile to: Ahoy!'s Amiga User Program Disk Ion International Inc. 45 West 34th Street-Suite 500 New York, NY 10001 and ALL their files. If they contained any sub-subdirectories, they'd buy the fann too. And so on to the ultimate depth of that branch of the tree. Your Amiga's screen will display a message as each file or directory is deleted.

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Document sans nom $ 3.50 CAN. $ 4.50 APRIL 1989 oJSps WIN THE LOTTERY...OR HAVE MORE FUN LOSING IT WITH OUR TYPE-IN AMIGA BASIC PROGRAM SAILING INTO C FfEW column on programming in TUE luinv U1TIIIE ¦ All Ill ARE DATEl COMPUTERS? AMIGA BURST NIBBLER? AMIGA PRO SAMPLER STUDIO ONLY $ 199.99 COMPLETE SYSTEM, PLEASE STATE A500 1000 8000? EXTERNAL 3.5 DISK DRIVE • Single or twin drive models available • Slimline extra low profile — only 6" long! • Tbp quality NEC drive mechanism • Throughport allows daisy chaining other drives • Superbly styled case in Amiga colours • Fully compatible • 1 meg unformatted capacity per drive B Good cable length for
positioning on your desk etc.? MIDIMASTER • Full Midi Interface for A500 2000 1000 (Please state model) • Compatible with most leading Midi packages (inc. D Music) • Midi In — Midi Out x 3 — Midi Thru • Fully Opto Isolated • No need to pay more — Full Midi standard ONLY $ 59.99? DATA SWITCH BOXES • A B type connect two printers to one computer or (vice-versa). • Centronics connections or RS232 (Serial) connections (25 pin)
please state only $ 34.99 • ABC type connect three printers to one (or vice versa). • Centronics or RS232 connections. Only $ 49.99? MIDI MUSIC MANAGER • At last a truly professional Midi package for the Amiga at a
realistic price. • 8 realtime Midi tracks for record playback • Works with standard IFF files • Adjustable track length — limited only by available memory • Use as a multi-track Midi recording studio • Works with many Midi interfaces including Datal Midi Master
(see Ad) and Wimetics • Editing facilities for corrections and track joining etc. • Internal or Externa! Midi clock control • Play sampled sounds on Amiga from any Midi track • Full dubbing — listen to one track while recording another • Perfect companion for Pro Sampler Studio or any music
application only $ 59.99? PRINTER CABLES • 25 pin ‘D’ to 36 way Centronics parallel lead. • A 500 or 1000 please state. • 1.2m length. ONLY $ 14.99 • 25 pin ‘D’ to 25 pin ‘D' — serial printer lead. • A500 or 1000 — please state. • 2m length. ONLY $ 14.99?robotarm Full Function 5 Axis Movement • Explore the fascinating science of Robotics with this full
feature Robot Arm. • Human like dexterity — with 5 Axis of movement it is so
versatile. It can manipulate small objects with amazing
ability. • Easily controlled using 2 Joysticks (any 9 pin type) or connect
to your Amiga with our Interface 4 Software to give
Computer Robotic control (see Interface offer). • Comes with Accessories including 'Finger' Jaws. Magnetic
Attachment. Shovel Scoop, 4 Stabilizing Suction Base Legs. Etc. • Uses 4 HP2 batteries (not supplied) to power motor movement so
uses no computer power. V Self contained, ready to use (except baits, joysticks). Complete with interface software ONLY $ 129.99? DATA ACQUISITION UNIT • Turn your Amiga into a sophisticated measuring instrument
capable of measuring a wide range of data inputs. • Sample and display events from microseconds to hours — with
amplitudes from millivolts to 50 volts. • A Hardware Software package with very high spec including. — j
DIGITAL SCOPE DISPLAY — 2 channel inputs. Manual or continuous display. Timebase 500ms div to 20ps div. — accurate to 5% • 6 bit flash conversion gives 2 millions samples sec. • Adjustable trigger level. 5 x zoom function. Memory scan • Load Save functions, waveform enhancement, graph displays. • Hardware contains onboard RAM and Crystal dividers J PLOTTER
DISPLAY • 2 channel display • Memory recall display • Timebase range 1 sec to Lehrs per plot. AIL features found on units costing thousands of pounds! ONLY 1179-99 for hardware software pleas* state A800 1000 8000 • Superfast disk copier will copy almost any commercial disk. • Friendly user Interface — Mouse driven throughout. • Completely compatible with Amiga multitasking system. • Special ‘Strategy Files’ cope with even the most advanced
protection schemes. • Fast operation — typically around 80 seconds. • Even decrypts many encoded programs including D. Print Video Paint Music H etc. • Works with one drive or two. • Multiple copy option allows you to make many copies from one
original.? 512KRAM EXTENSION CARD 9 Available with without calendar clock option • Simply plugs internally into a A500 slot • Switch in out with switch supplied • Fitted in minutes — no soldering etc. • With calendar clock onboard time date automatically booted • Battery backed to retain time date ONLY $ 69.99 card only f RAM
ONLY $ 89.99 card wttfi clock only f RAM PLEASE SHOEB FOB LATEST
RAH PRICES. • Copy 1 or 2 disk sides — up to 85 tracks. • Unique‘INFO’analyser — displays vital disk parameters,
including sector distribution, data dispersion, etc, etc. • Special format parameters for non standard formats. • Full verify option. • Easy to use Icon driven program takes the mystery out of disk
backup. • Compatible with all Amigas. • Regular updates available — we always ship the latest. ONLY $ 49.99 $ 299.99 FOR TWIN DRIVE ¦IIIIIIIB ONLY $ 169.99 SINGLE DRIVE ORDERS 1-800-782-9110 0NL7 TECHNICAL SUPPORT M0NDAy THRU SATURDAY 9am to Spm SERVICE Mgwemn (7flP1 AKA 7700 1S, JD-KBSs-Tkbokai or ta; othur tjp* uf Enquiry cnuwt b« tniwmd by thi lUfl on iHi niunb«i Mi $ 4.00 Skipping Hut dlin| CHECKS H0KEIOHIEE CODS ACCEPTED I. UB,’ «fUU OUTSIDE CONTIHEBTAL U.S. DATEL COMPUTERS 3430 E.
TBOPICANA AVENUE, UNIT *67, LAS VEGAS, NT 89181 Announcing an
exclusive offer for user group members-a subscription to at
more than 50% off the cover price! Dear Amiga User Group Member: You’re reading this magazine because you take Amiga computing as seriously as we do. And you belong to a user group for the same reason. So we know you’ll want to take advantage of this special offer to order 10 new or renewed subscriptions to AmigaUser for only $ 19.95 each! Of course, you know that AmigaUser is written specifically for computerists like those in your group users who can never read enough about the Amiga. Every page is packed with informational, educational, and just plain fun features like: • Detailed Reviews of software and peripherals many of them
spanning three or four pages by the foremost authorities in the
field. • Exclusive Entertainment coverage by Arnie Katz and Bill Kunkel,
gurus of computergaming. • Type-in Programs in Amiga BASIC and C an inexpensive way to add
to your software library, and the best way to learn
programming. • A timely and comprehensive News section offering information on
all coming products many of them not sold in stores or
advertised anywhere. • Regular Columns like Eye on CLI, offering instruction on the
Command Line Interface; Exec File, demonstrating ways to
utilize the Amiga in a small business environment; and C-Port,
a step by step approach to learning to program in the C
language on the Amiga. Our degree of indepth coverage is not for everybody. It is for users like those in your group, who thirst for all the information they can get, in all the detail that’s available. If you want to push your Amiga to its uppermost limits, you need to read AmigaUser every month! FREE BONUS! For signing up your friends, you’ll get a free copy of the AmigaUser Program Disk, Volume I containing all the type-in programs from our May 1988 through January 1989 issues! Normally sold at the bargain price of $ 7.95, the disk contains games like ABM productivity programs like Mailbox-utilities like Matrix Pattern and Shade Select all nonpublic domain software that is not available elsewhere! (See page 20.) The regular subscription price for 12 monthly issues of AmigaUser is $ 27.95. That’s already a $ 14.00 savings over the newsstand price. But if your user group orders a total of 10 one year subscriptions, you’ll be eligible for a special price of just $ 19.95 each! That’s less than half the newsstand cost an $ 8.00 savings over the already low subscription rate and the cheapest 12-issue subscription price we’ve ever offered! The 10 subscriptions can be distributed among as many members or as few members as you desire one year for Joe T., three years for Mary G., etc. Current subscribers can extend their subscriptions to help you reach the required 10. Just have the participating members fill in their names, addresses, number of years desired, and other information on the coupon on the reverse side. Circle 259 on Reader Service Card But act quickly, because this offer is valid only until April 30. After that date, you’ll have to pay the regular subscription price. As a bonus to you for signing up your fellow members, we’ll send you a copy of the AmigaUser Program Disk, described on the reverse side (and in greater detail in the ad on page 20). Don’t miss out on this opportunity to help your fellow members get the best Amiga magazine for their needs at the best price ever! Yours truly, David Allikas Publisher Send coupon to AmigaUser Subscription Dept., Ion International Inc., 45 West 34th Street Suite 500, New York, NY 10001. Be sure to enclose full payment or complete credit card information. Call 212-239-0855 with any questions. Send the free disk tn (namfi and address): Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Address Address City State Zip City State Zip n Check or money order enclosed: $? Check or money order enclosed: $ Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Signature Signature Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Address Address City State Zip City State Zip n Check or money order enclosed: $? Check or money order enclosed: $ Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Signature Signature Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Address Address City State Zip City State Zip? Check or money order enclosed: $? Check or money order enclosed: $ Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Signature Signature Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Address Address City State Zip City State Zip? Check or money order enclosed: $? Check or money order enclosed: $ Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Signature Signature Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Enter year’s subscriptions at $ 19.95 each for: Name Address Address City State Zip City State Zip? Check or money order enclosed: $ n Check or money order enclosed: $ Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Bill my? MasterCard? VISA Card No. Expiration Date Signature Signature? CONTENTS SIC DEPARTMENTS View from the Bridge..... 6 No April fooling-our April issue is overflowing with sensational features! Scuttlebutt 7 New memory expanders, online services, games, joysticks, and more. Art Gallery ... 26 Wow wait till you see the bodies our readers have drawn for this issue! Entertainment 39 Results of our play-tests of Hybris, Warlock, Virus, and Sword of Sodan. Reviews ...43 A look at the latest in multitracking, investment analysis, and animation. Flotsam ...49 Some antivirus vituperative, a plea for Amiga-Atari unity, and more. Errata ..... 50 A typo invaded the documentation for Amigavaders (February ’89). COLUMNS Eye on CLI by Richard Herring .... 16 Last month’s look at directory trees branches off into new directions. Exec File by Ted Salamone... 52 Software and programming pointers of interest to entrepreneurial types. C-Port by Paul Maioriello.... 55 ‘C’ how easy it can be to program your Amiga in its native language! FEATURES MS-DOS Meets AmigaDOS, Part V by Ted Salamone......23 Some surefire software choices for Bridgeboard and IBM emulator users. Celebrate by Bob Spirko......28 A winning type-in program, whether or not it helps you hit the jackpot. Amiga Video Products Guide by Richard Herring ...59 A reference work that videophiles will be scanning again and again. Cover photography by Steven Hunt The Image Bank You can receive free additional information on most of the products advertised or mentioned in AmigaUser! Turn to page 51. President Michael Schneider Publisher David Allikas Executive Editor Michael R. Davila Art and Production Director Laura Palmeri Senior Editor Richard Curcio Consulting Editors Morton Kevelson Tim Moriarty Dale Rupert Entertainment Editor Amie Katz Production Manager Mark Hammerer Art Production Christopher W. Carter Circulation Director W. Charles Squires Director of Promotion Trisha Clark Promotion
Art Director Stacy Miller Controller Dan Tunick Advertising
Representative JE Publishers’ Representative 6855 Santa Monica
Blvd. Suite 200 Los Angeles, CA 90038 (213) 467-2266 Dallas (214) 660-2253 New York (212) 724-7767
Chicago (312) 445-2489 Denver (303) 595-4331 San Francisco
(415) 864-3252 ISSUE NO. 8 APRIL 1989 AmigaUser (ISSN
1040-8940) is published monthly by Ion
International Inc., 45 W. 34th St., Suite 500, New
York, NY 10001. Subscription rate: 12 issues for $ 27.95, 24 issues for $ 483*5 (Canada and elsewhere $ 3695 and $ 6395 respectively). Application to mail at second class postage rates is pending at New York, NY 10001 and additional mailing offices. ® 1989 by Ion International Inc. All rights reserved. ® under Universal International and Fan American Copyright conventions. Reproduction of editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited. No responsibility can be accepted for unsolicited material. Postmaster, send address changes to AmigaUser, 45 W. 34th Street, Suite 500, New York, NY 10001. Direct all address changes or matters concerning your subscription to AmigaUser, P. O. Box 341, Mt. Morris, IL 61054 (phone: 800-435-0715 or
815-734-4151). Editorial inquiries and review samples should
be sent to AmigaUser, 45 W. 34th St., Suite 500, New York, NY
10001. VllsW FROM THE ISRIIDOli orgive us for leading off this month’s View from for your needs. More than 150 available products are listed the Bridge with an advertisement, but included in and described. (Turn to page 59.) This issue is an offer so special that we don’t want • Mathematicians claim that lottery players can’t improve to risk your missing it. If you’re a member of a their chances of retiring early by keeping track of which user group, or if you have nine friends who will lie along numbers come in most often-the winning numbers come with you, you can save $ 8.00 on the already moneysaving up at random, and the laws of probability are thus of no subscription price to AmigaUser. At only $ 19.95 for 12 is-use. Now, we happen to agree with the mathematicians — sues, signing up your fellow Amigaphiles should be easy but many lottery players don’t, and aren’t about to be con-but we’ll still send you a free copy of the AmigaUser Pro-vinced! If you’re one of those who stubbornly believe they gram Disk, Volume I for your efforts. And if those nine can beat the odds, you might as well enjoy the conveni-friends of yours crack under police interrogation, we’ll guar-ence of trying to do it on the Amiga with Celebrate. In antee delivery of all magazines to the correct cell block! Fact, even mathematicians can have fun tracking winning For details, see pages 4 and 5. Numbers and searching for a pattern with Bob Spirko’s lat-And for details on the April Amiga User-look no further! Est type-in program. (Turn to page 28.) • While the fact that there’s a wealth of software and hard•
It’s become increasingly clear to us from your letters ware
available for most popular Amiga applications is un-and phone
calls that the AmigaUser audience is one which deniably good
for consumers, there’s a down side as well-desires to do more
with their computers than run canned it’s hard to choose, say,
a word processor when there are software. Those of you who
don’t already know how to pro-at least a dozen different
brands on your dealer’s shelf. But gram want to learn and now
you will, every month, in if selecting Amiga products in
general is difficult, in the C-Port. In addition to being the
author of programs like field of Amiga video it is downright
hazardous to your poc-AmigallserTerm (May ’88) and Amigavaders
(Feb. ’89), Paul ketbook. Because it’s in Amiga video that the
most sophis-Maioriello is a teacher of the C language at the
college lev-ticated and expensive equipment is available; and
it’s in Am-el. So he will not lose sight of the fact, as
authors of books iga video that several products must most
often be used in on programming tend to, that there’s a student
on the retandem to achieve a desired result. So we designed
this ceiving end of the information being offered. Also, you’ll
month’s Amiga Video Products Guide to save you a lot of be able
to write in with questions and comments, making leg work and
perhaps a few costly mistakes in determining C-Port more
interactive than a textbook could ever be. But which hardware,
software, and accessories are appropriate don’t worry-we talked
Paul out of the term paper and final exam! (Turn to page 55.) • The field of Amiga entertainment software is poised for a
great leap forward. The success of the Nintendo and Sega
systems has reawakened interest in computer games among players
and developers alike. The majority of games intended for
multisystem release are now being programmed initially on
the Amiga, which almost guarantees their release in Amiga
format. And as the Amiga gaming field nears its inevitable
boom, Ar-nie Katz, Bill Kunkel, and Joyce Worley will continue
to follow it expertly in these pages. Their reviews this
month include Hybris, Virus, Sword of Sodan, and Warlock. (Turn
to page 39.) We want your feedback. Write, call, or access our BBS (see p. 54). David Allikas SCUTTUSBUTTI TO FIVE NEW JOYSTICK • AMIGA 2000 EXPANDER • ONLINE SERVICES • HARD DISK BACKUP • GENLOCK • SONG DISK • GAMES FROM INFOCOM, TITUS, TAITO, RAINBIRD, BRODERBUND • IMPROVED DIGITIZER • UPGRADES • PRICE REDUCTIONS • FREE SOFTWARE FROM MEMOREX? GENLOCK Announced too late for inclusion in the Genlocks section of this month’s Amiga Video Products Guide, Gen One ($ 895) features Super-VHS V C and RS-170A outputs, full control over RGB input and video output levels, and variable control over computer timing relative to the video. Two comb filters remove unwanted chroma signals without degrading the luminance bandwidth. The genlock operates in three modes, with two overlay capabilities and selectable sync and blanking source. A buffered computer RGB output is provided. Communications Specialties, 516- 273-0404 (see address list, page 14). Circle 262 on Reader Service Can! A-TALK UPGRADES The following A-Talk III upgrade offers are available from Oxxi. A-Talk Plus owners can upgrade to A-Talk III for $ 25 plus $ 4 shipping (CA residents add $ 1.63 sales tax). Registered owners of MaxiComm can upgrade to A-Talk III for $ 50 plus $ 4 shipping (CA residents add $ 3.26 sales tax). Current owners of Diga! And On-Line can trade in their original disk and the cover of their manual with $ 60 plus $ 4 shipping for A-Talk III (CA residents add $ 3.90 sales tax). Oxxi, 213-427-1227 (see address list, page 14). Circle 263 on Reader Service Card HARD DISK BACKUP ExpressCopy ($ 44.95) can perform hard disk backups and file copies from hard to floppy disk at a rate of up to 1 meg per minute (600K per minute with verify of backup disks). Backup disks created have the same directory structure and file attributes as the original, and can be used normally. Both Normal and Fast FileSystem compatible disks can be written. Files to be copied can be selected by their Date-Stamp, filename pattern matching, Archive Bit, and source directory. Up to four copies of the backup disks can be created at once, or disks can be preloaded in up to four disk drives. New disks are automatically formatted and verified. Parameters for use in backups can be saved in configuration files. Backup restoration can be performed using any file copy program or directory utility, or ExpresssCopy’s Restore program. The multitasking, non copy protected program can be used from both the CLI and Workbench. Express-Wfcy Software, Inc., 314-474- 2984 (see address list, page 14). Circle 265 on Reader Service Card GOODBYE, OLD PAINT It’s a wise company that knows when it’s beaten. Inkwell Systems has determined that a hardware incompatibility makes their Amiga Light Pen and Driver ($ 129.95) unusable with Electron-SYSTEM TIMING H V SC I [Input level RED GREEN BLUE OUTPUT LEVEL VIDEO V C | The Gen One genlock’s two comb filters remove unwanted chroma signals without degrading the luminance bandwidth. Phoenix’s Expansion Chassis line includes versions for the 500 and 1000, with and without power supply. Two new models scheduled for first quarter release include a coprocessor slot with bus buffering and arbitration. Ic Arts’ DeluxePaint II, and has furthermore determined that the situation is hopeless. The box and manual will henceforth bear a notice that the product is not compatible with the popular paint program. However, with the aid of the programmers at EA, Inkwell has succeeded in modifying the product to be compatible with the forthcoming DeluxePaint III. Inkwell Systems, 619-268-8792 (see address list, page 14). Circle 266 on Reader Service Card AEGIS ONLINE Aegis has reinstated their customer support bulletin board. The 24-hour BBS offers answers to technical questions, warranty and update information, product announcements, beta test information, product demos, direct access to Aegis programmers, and details on upcoming contests. The customer pays only for the phone call. Set your modem to 300, 1200, or 2400 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit, and dial 213-399-7316. Because the BBS offers full color support, ANSI terminal packages are recommended. Aegis, 2D-392-9972 (see address list, page 14). Circle 267 on Reader Service Card 500 1000 EXPANDERS Scheduled for first quarter release from Phoenix are the PEC-2530 and PEC-2130 expansion chassis. Like earlier models, they allow your A500 or A1000 to run all major A2000 cards. But in addition to the two 100 pin expansion slots previously offered, these latest boards include a coprocessor slot with bus buffering and arbitration. The internal power supply can run hard cards and up to 8 megs of RAM. The chassis is available in versions for the 500 (2530) or 1000 (2130). (The older versions can be purchased with or without the power supply.) Phoenix Electronics, Inc., 913-632- 2159 (see address list, page 14). Circle 264 on Reader Service Card FREE SOFTWARE Memorex is offering free Amiga software to users who purchase any of their 125 different computer supply products. Each product has a point value of 3 to 25 associated with it: paper 10 points, disks 5 points, etc. 25 to 30 points qualifies you to receive most of the titles, from vendors like Accolade, Electronic Arts, Activision, and Software Publishing Corporation. You can start collecting points with Memorex’s new line of 3 Vi” disks in multicolor 10-packs, containing two each of blue, green, yellow, orange, and red. Memorex Corporation, 408-957- 1000 (see address list, page 14). Circle 281 on Reader Service Card BETTER FUTURE The improved FutureSound 500 audio digitizer ($ 119.95) for the 500 and 2000 records in true stereo and offers sampling rates up to 42,000 samples per second. The updated digital editing software includes a software switchable output filter, support for expansion memory up to 8 megs, type-in sampling rate and playback values, and an improved file handling system. Workbench 1.3 is supported, including the Fast File System, with provisions for hard disks, RAM disks, and VD0 devices. Applied Visions, Inc., 617-494-5417 (see address list, page 14). Circle 282 on Reader Service Card GAME BOARD The Game Vendors Forum has been hews a c? Added to the CompuServe Information Service, offering users online support from computer game publishers. Two dozen vendors were online at press time, including Sierra, Spectrum Hol-oByte, SubLOGIC, Mindscape, and Activision. Customer support representatives, designers, and other technical staff are available to respond to questions, comments, and requests via the forum’s message board. Forum members can exchange game hints, converse with other players, and download and try new game releases before buying. CompuServe, 614-457-8600 (see address list, page 14). Circle 283 on Reader Service Card RIVER OF STICKS New Amiga-compatible joysticks from Camerica, makers of the wireless Freedom Stick: The Turbotronic joystick ($ 39.95) incorporates the look and action of the Freedom Stick in a new wired (10’ cord) design. Individually adjusted speed control allows for automatic rapid fire action. The Micro Master ($ 15.99), Magnum ($ 6.99), Warrior ($ 7.99), and Dragon ($ 9.99), four wired joysticks, all feature arcade style pistol grip. Be sure to specify Commodore Am-iga format, as most of the above come in versions for multiple systems. Camerica Ltd., 212-683-7810 (see address list, page 14). Circle 271 on Reader Service Card GAMES From Titus ($ 44.95 each): The deadly game of Titan is the rage of the year 2114, attracting capacity crowds and the most fearless adventurers. But all previous contestants have perished somewhere along the game’s 80 levels. To succeed, you must guide a power sphere across immense synthetic worlds while avoiding assorted deadly obstacles. F40 Pursuit Simulator puts you behind the wheel of the famous Ferrari, charged with a mission that will take you through four states at 200 mph speeds. To avoid police that will try to stop you, you must plan your route carefully from each state’s onscreen map. Your car features the latest radar, enabling you to detect police road blocks. You’ll experience 360 degree spins, chases, 3D road junctions, and foot tall combat robots), you learn that your father has not returned from leading a squadron into space to head off an invasion. Now you must try to thwart the invasion and find your father. As you approach your final goal, the frequency of your battles will increase, as well as your level of skill-which you improve at various points in the game by visiting and fighting in The Arena. The role-playing adventure includes over four million locations. More. Knight Force matches you against the seven Sorcerers of Belloth. Banished to a remote comer of the Realm of the Dead, they learned from the Sinister Minstrel the secrets of operating the spacetime gates. Now they are passing through the time gates, spreading chaos and disorder. You must find and seal the gates and defeat the sorcerers. Titus Software Corporation, 818-709- 3692 (see address list, page 14). Circle 272 on Reader Service Card Announced back in our November issue, Infocom’s first illustrated text adventures had finally been released at press time. In addition to the previously described Journey, Zork Zero, and Shogun, BattleTech: The Crescent Hawk’s Inception ($ 49.95) has been scheduled for spring release in Amiga format. As Jason Youngblood, training to operate the lethal BattleMechs (30 Infocom, Inc., 617-492-6000 (see address list, page 14). Circle 273 on Reader Service Card An Amiga adaptation of Falcon ($ 49.95), the F-16 fighter simulator, lets you play alone or against an opponent on a second Amiga, a Macintosh, or an Atari ST. Five graduated difficulty levels allow the novice to learn to fly, while even accomplished pilots will find the highest level challenging. At New joysticks compatible with the Amiga include the Turbotronic (above), me Magnum, Warrior, and Dragon (below), and Micro Master (not shown). (f 5) Creative Computers Orders only: 800-872-8882 (outside CA) 213-370-2009 (inside CA) Hours: Mon-Sat 8AM-6PM Direct orders to: 4453 Redondo Beach Blvd., Lawndale, CA 90260 FAX: (213) 214-0932 GVP — Great Valley Products Impact SCSI Controller and memory board, 1 meg or 2 megs space Will auto1000t with 1.3 — Hard drives available up to 80 meg capacity — Call for prices. GVP Hard Cards and A500 hard disks available. Please call. Quantum 84 MB 12 me 3.5" hard disk: $ 895!! Shock mounted, 64KB cache (for 12ms speed), SCSI interface. Compatible with IMPACT or A2090 boards. Special: Spirit Inboard for the A500 — just $ 1491 The Creative Computers Advantage:
- authorized Amiga dealer — the largest dealer of Amiga products in the U.S.
— three store location means excellent support — Amiga-specific; unlike the competition, we don't claim being
Amiga specific while selling other brands under another name — Authorized service center — Uniform low pricing and largest selection, no hidden costs or
catches — We don’t charge your card until the product ships Ana now, even
better No credit card surcharge for Visa and Mastercard Free
shipping on software orders over $ 100 New products (as featured
in Lords of the Rising Sun AmigaWOrld): Andromeda Mission
Game*: Cosmic Bouncer Operation Wolf Rock Challenge Ruble
Bobble Universal Military Simulator Renegade Rastan Captain
Blood Productivity: Hole-in-one Miniature Golf Lattice C++
Hybris Publishing Partner Pro. Dragon's Lair Professional DataRetrieve Who Framed Roger Rabbit ComicSetter TV Sports Football Please call for prices. Just Received Texture Better Dead than Alien Final Assault These products are IN STOCK. Please call for prices. Flicker Fixer Promotional: For a limited time, Flicker Fixer is $ 479. Creative Computers wants every Amiga owner to enjoy hires all the time. Many compatible monitors also available. We can beat any advertised price! But we seldom have to, because our prices are the lowestl (If you see a lower price on an Item, give us a call) (BAUD'3 TALE XI 41. 95 DEEP SPACE 17. 95 EASY LOANS 25. 00 BASIC CRAMMER SERIES 19. 46 DEFCON 5 25. 95 EBON STAR 25. 96 BBS-PC 62. 32 DEFENDER OF THE CROWN 34. 34 EMERALD MINES 13. 97 BECKER TEXT 99. 95 DEJA VU 34. 34 EMPIRE 34. 32 BENCHMARK LIBRARIES CALL DELUXE HELP CALLIGRAPHER 22. 71 ENCHANTER 20. 59 BENCHMARK MODULA-2 129. 97 DELUXE HELP FOR DIGIPAINT 21. 84 ENLIGHTENMENT 15. 95 BEYOND ZORX 33. 76 DELUXE HELP FOR DP AI NT II 21. 84 EUROPEAN SCENERY DISK 17. 95 BLACK CAULDRON 26. 80 DELUXE HELP FOR PHOTON PAINT 21. 84 EXCELLENCE 1 195. 00 BLACK JACK ACADEMY 29. 95 DELUXE MAPS 16. 22 EXPRESS PAINT 62. 50 BLACK LAMP 22. 00 DELUXE MUSIC 69. 95 EXTEND 25. 96 BLITZKRIEG AT ARDENNES 34. 41 DELUXE PAINT IX 89. 95 FACE II 21. 85 BLOCKBUSTER 32. 47 DELUXE PROTO LAB 99. 95 FAERY TALE ADVENTURE 31. 23 BOMB BUSTER 21. 95 DELUXE PRINT? ART DISK 72. 00 FANCY 3D FONTS 46. 80 BREACH 25. 95 DELUXE PRINT ART DISK 2 21.60 FERRARI FORMULA ONE 33. 57 BREACH SCENARIO DISK 16. 21 DELUXE PRODUCTIONS 139. 95 FEUD 12. 96 BRIDGE 5.0 24. 10 DELUXE VIDEO 1.2 89. 95 FINAL TRIP 19. 46 BUMPER STICKER MAKER 37. 45 DEMONSTRATOR, THE 21. 15 FINANCIAL COOKBOOK 13. 97 BUREAUCRACY 27. 47 DES CARTES 22. 71 FINE PRINT 41.95 BUTCHER 2.0 23. 13 DESKTOP ARTIST 18. 73 FIRE N FORGET 25. 96 BUTTON AND BADGE MAKER 38. 98 DESTROYER 25. 26 FIREPOWER 15. 60 CZAR 126. 75 DIABLO 23. 36 FIRST LETTERS I WORDS 33. 00 C. A.P.E. 68K ASSEMBLER 58. 47 DIGI-DROID 69. 95 FIRST SHAPES 33.00 CAP PARTS FOR INTROCAD If.50
stone's support and three store showrooms with mail order
prices. If possible, drop by a store and you will be Amazed! Ston front irfrstmf 318 Wilshire Blvd. Santa Monica, CA 90401 Tues-Sal 11-7 PM, Sun 11-5 PM phone: (213)384-7779 4453 Redondo Beach Blvd., Lawndale, CA 90280 Mon — Sal 11-7 PM phone: (213) 542-2292 2112 E. Thompson Dr., Ventura. CA 93001 Tues-Sat 11-7 PM, Sun. 12-5 PM phone: (805)852-0325_ MMM II ORDER: 420 SUPPING INFO: Cell for •htpingntee. INTERNATIONAL PHONE A NAIL ORDERS ACCEPTED RETURN poucr. DweatfytmenhandlMunderiiMimutywlUberapalradorrapiaoed. Returned product must be In originel package. We do not oiler any refund on defective product* or lor products that do not perform aWMaotorilir. Wa male no guarantees tor product performance. CONOmOftSt Creative ComaAon reeetyea the right to trrtt the eats of any Hama to boat In-poreon pickup only. Prioeo subject to change vrithoutnotioo. WE ALSO RUN A HI*. BBS: Call (213) 394-8988 with your modem SCHOOL AND LAKQE CONPANY PURCHASE ORDERS ACCEPTED. Visit one of our stores soon II Circle 175 on Reader Service Card Colonel level the simulation takes on the flight characteristics of the real F-16, allowing complicated maneuvers like the Immelmann, yo-yo’s, loops, and scissors but subjecting the pilot to occupational hazards like blackouts from pulling too many G’s. The “Black Box” records the plane’s path and that of any Migs in the area, allowing “instant replay” for analyzing performance after a dogfight with the enemy. Real sounds like engine startup, machine gun firing, and missile launch are incorporated. Other features include four cockpit views, three new views from the tower, chase plane, or satellite, and zoom in out for a better look at targets. Spectrum HoloByte, 415-522-3584 (see address list, page 14). Circle 274 on Reader Service Card Lost Dutchman Mine ($ 49.95) is set in the Old West, in the legendary Superstition Mountains of Arizona. In the century since the secret of a fabulous gold mine died with an old German prospector, countless hopefuls have hunted for it in vain. Now it’s your turn to wander the desert and mountains in search of the treasure. As an old prospector, you prepare for your adventure by loading up on food and supplies at the general store in the historic town of Goldfield, buying a burro at the livery stable, getting your wounds attended to at the doctor’s office, or visiting the bank, jail, or assay office. Out in the desert, you fish in the river, pan for gold, and explore abandoned mines and caves. Threats to your wellbeing include snakes, bandits, renegade in-dians, freezing nights, and scorching days. You can try your luck at a game of cards in the saloon, or at catching one of the gold-robbing bandits roaming the desert with a price on his head. The game, which features digitized sound, MIDI compatible music, and animated sprites, requires 1 megabyte. Magnetic Images Co., 602-265-7849 (see address list, page 14). Circle 279 on Reader Service Card Footman ($ 34.99) and Vyper ($ 39.99), originally released by Top Down, have been purchased, debugged, repackaged, and rereleased by Incognito Software, along with two new titles: Snake Pit ($ 34.99) and Targis ($ 39.99). Incognito Software, 313-462-2148 (see address list, page 14). Circle 280 on Reader Service Card Though no date has been set for release of an Amiga version, MicroHlu-sions has bought the publishing rights to Dendra A New Beginning, and will be producing all further installments in the Guestmaster series. MicroDlusions, 818-360-3715 (see address list, page 14). Circle 278 on Reader Service Card Rainbird has released two $ 19.95 scenario disks for use with The Universal Military Simulator: The American Civil War: Scenario Disk One lets you design your own maps, order of battle, and objectives, or reenact the battles of Shiloh, Chattanooga, and Antietam. Vietnam: Scenario Disk Two includes three significant firefights from the battles of Dak To-Hill 823, Ngoh Kam Leat, and Hill 875. Rainbird, 415-322-0412 (see address list, page 14). Circle 275 on Reader Service Card From Broderbund: Star Wars ($ 39.95) is seen from the cockpit of Luke Skywalker’s X-wing fighter as he swoops in to destroy the Death Star. A computer chip plays the Star Wars theme music when the box is opened. The latest in Maxis Software’s line of System Simulations, Sim City ($ 44.95) allows you to design and control your own ideal metropolis, or assume control of one of seven world famous cities, including San Francisco in 1906 (before the quake), Tokyo in 1957 (before a monster attack), and Boston in 2010 (before a nuclear meltdown). Each city is detailed with moving traffic, construction, planes, boats, football games, and more. It’s the player’s job to improve the quality of life by taking action against natural disasters, pollution, crime, budget deficits, traffic, and other problems. While you do the planning and zoning, the Simulated Citizens (Sims) build and operate the city. Distributed by Broderbund. Broderbund Software, 415-492-3200 (see address list, page 14). Circle 276 on Reader Service Card Two coin-op conversions from Taito scheduled for first quarter availability (no prices available): Operation Wolf is set in the jungle, where terrorists hold innocent civilians hostage. Commandos attempt to free the prisoners by overtaking their captors in a weapons facility, routing them from a jungle hideout, and finally leading the hostages onto a rescue plane. To complete the game’s six increasingly difficult missions, the players must overcome enemy gunboats, helicopters, and armored vehicles. Bubble Bobble offers two 113-level challenges, the first of which must be completed before you advance to the second. The game’s main characters, two tiny dinosaurs named Bub and Bob, score points by blowing bubbles, boxing up beasties inside them, and bursting them. Taito Software, Inc., 604-984-3344 (see address list, page 14). Circle 277 on Reader Service Card? PRINTER SHARING The PrintManager 4tol Printer Sharing Device ($ 245) allows four computers to share a single printer. With the printer plugged into one of the device’s five parallel ports and up to four computers plugged into the others, it scans the ports in sequence and prints the next available job automatically. All popular printers are supported, and no software is required. PrintManager Inc., 800-642-5019 or 617-924-3952 (see address list, page 14). Circle 286 on Reader Service Card RE: SOURCE New services available on The Source: A recent addition to The Source’s CHAT conferencing service, the CHAT NightClub offers a cheaper alternative to those $ 1.00 a minute party lines. Standard CHAT rates are $ 8.40 per hour; or pay a $ 25 monthly fee plus $ 3.90 per hour. If you sign up for the CHAT NightClub by May 31 you’ll receive a free copy of the new “Talk Is Cheap” cassette by Keith Richards. SourceMail, the electronic mail service, has been enhanced to allow the transmission of binary files within mail messages. This allows spreadsheets, programs, word processing documents, and virtually any file to be transmitted instantly. California Connections lists nearly 1500 job openings in the Golden State, in 39 categories from accounting to utilities. The next Portfolio Contest, awarding $ 1000 cash to the investor who realizes the highest gain in a two month period from a make believe portfolio of $ 100,000, runs from June 1 to July 31. The Source, 703-734-7500 (see address list, page 14) Circle 285 on Reader Service Card VIRUS RX Anti-Virus ($ 39.95) is a collection of vims protection programs. A visual bootblock displays the Anti-Virus logo on the screen every time your computer is turned on or warm booted-if a vims is present when the computer is started, the logo will not appear. Another utility included on the disk, vCheck, resides in the Amiga startup sequence and monitors disks placed it the computer for the presence of a vims. PrintManager lets up to four Amigas share a single printer. DevWare, 619-673-0759 (see address list, page 14). Circle 284 on Reader Service Card SONG DISKS Sonix SoundTrax Volumes One and Two ($ 19.95), two full disks of interactive songs for use with Aegis Sonix, allow even the amateur musician to participate flawlessly. Each song has its keys set on the Amiga keyboard, making an off-key note almost impossible. Aegis, 213-392-9972 (see address list, page 14). Circle 270 or Reader Service Card Unless otherwise specified, software and hardware mentioned in Scuttlebutt is to the best of our knowledge compatible with all 512K Amiga machines. For further information, we suggest that you contact the manufacturers directly. Refer to the address list on the following page; or save time and money by using the reader service card bound between pages 50 and 51. 2 MEGS FOR 2000 Occupying a single expansion slot, the Megaboard 2000 ($ 599.95) gives the Amiga 2000 two megabytes of Fast RAM. The 256K x 1 dynamic RAM chips provide “no-wait state” perfor-Talk is Cheap comes free when you mange. Included are built-in hardware join The Source’s CHAT NightClub. Refresh, full auto-configuration, and compatibility with software built into? Workbench 1.2 and above. The board can also be purchased unpopulated, or with only 1 meg of RAM installed. Designed by ASDG. Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc., 303-825-4144 (see address list, this page). Circle 268 on Reader Service Card RAM DOWN Progressive has lowered the price of the ProRAM 2000 8 meg Fast RAM expansion board from $ 879.95 to $ 799.95. (Hagglers please note-in addition to this 9% retail price cut, dealer cost has been reduced by 18%.) Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc., 303-825-4144 (see address list, this page). Circle 269 on Reader Service Card MUSIC ENTRY SYSTEM The Amiga’s MIDI capabilities have Companies Mentioned in Scvtflebyff This is not the same picture twice though you’ll have to look close to distinguish Progressive’s ProRAM 2000 (top) from Megaboard 2000 (bottom). Aegis 2115 Pico Blvd. Santa Monica, CA 90405 Phone: 213-392-9972 Apache Technologies 5341 Derry Ave., Suite C Agoura Hills, CA 91301 Phone: 818-991-2244 Applied Visions One Kendall Square Cambridge, MA 02139 Phone: 617-494-5417 Broderbund 17 Paul Drive San Rafael, CA 94903 Phone: 415-492-3200 Camerica Ltd. 230 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10001 Phone: 212-683-7810 Communications Specialties 89A Cabot Court Hauppauge, NY 11788 Phone: 516-273-0404 CompuServe 5000 Arlington Centre Blvd. P. O. Box 20212 Columbus, OH 43220 Phone: 614-457-8600 DevWare,
Inc. 10474 Rancho Carmel Dr. San Diego, CA 92128 Phone:
619-673-0759 Express-Way Software P. O. Box 10290 Columbia, MO 65205-4005 Phone: 314-474-2984
Impulse Inc. 6879 Shingle Creek Parkway 122 Minneapolis, MN
55430 Phone: 800-328-0184 or 612-566-0221 Infocom, Inc. 125
CambridgePark Drive Cambridge, MA 02140 Phone: 617-492-6000
Inkwell Systems 1050-R Pioneer Way El Cajon, CA 92020 Phone:
619-440-8048 Magnetic Images Co. P. O. Box 17422 Phoenix, AZ 85011 Phone: 602-265-7849 Memorex
2400 Condensa Street Santa Clara, CA 95051-0996 Phone:
408-957-9556 Microlllusions 17408 Chatsworth St. Granada
Hills, CA 91344 Phone: 818-360-3715 Oxxi, Inc. P. O. Box 90309 Long Beach, CA 90809 Phone: 213-427-1227 Phoenix
Electronics, Inc. P. O. Box 156 Clay Center, KS 67432 Phone: 913-632-2159
PrintManager, Inc. 108 Water St. Watertown, MA 02172 Phone:
617-924-3952 Progressive Peripherals & Software 464 Kalamath
Street Denver, CO 80204 Phone: 303-825-4144 Ra inbird 3885
Bohannon Drive Menlo Park, CA 94025 Phone: 415-322-0412
Spectrum HoloByte 2061 Challenger Drive Alameda, CA 94501
Phone: 415-522-3584 Taito Software, Inc. 267 W. Esplanade,
Ste. 206 North Vancouver, BC Canada V7M 1A5 Phone:
604-984-3344 The Source 1616 Anderson Road McLean, VA 22102
Phone: 703-734-7500 Titus Software Corp. 20432 Corisco Street
Chatsworth, CA 91311 Phone: 818-709-6537 heretofore meant
little to users unable to play a keyboard or other MIDI-com
patible instrument. But with Impulse’s new Harmony program,
composers and would-be composers can generate complete musical
scores by using only the human voice. A method of operation called Frequency Tonal Recognition, devised by Impulse, allows the Amiga to translate into musical note events any sounds that are sung, hummed, or produced by other means. These events consist of both duration of note and the position the note would occupy on the musical staff. Notes are recorded on the staff in visual format so the user can monitor the composition. Four different tracks of information can be laved down, creating a complete score. Harmony reads SINUS files, in case you desire to lay down a track on top of any other musical scores. Full editing of the score is possible with the Harmony Music system, allowing the user complete control over the use and feel of the composition. The product is scheduled for release on March 15. Impulse Inc., 612-566-0221 (see address list, this page). Circle 297 on Reader Service Card GO AMIGAl THE WORLD'S LARGEST DISTRIBUTOR OF AMIGA PRODUCTS Great Valley Products New Games In Stock! Amiga 2000 Hard Cards • 11 MS Access Time • Autoboot 42 MB: $ 799 * 80MB: $ 1249 Other
sizes brands models available. We stock Gyp's A500 Products! Sky Blaster $ 24 Final Mission....$ 25 Prime Time $ 29 Space Station Oblivion.$ 34 Gone Fish'n......$ 32 Heroes of the Lance.$ 29 California Games.....$ 34 TV Sports Football...$ 35 Snake Pit ..$ 24 Targis....$ 27 Rock Challenge.$ 27 Sidewinder $ 21 Boomer Aid $ 34 Battleship ..$ 20 Sword of Sodan $ 34 Platoon.$ 31 Bionic Commando....$ 28 Crash Garrett....$ 27 Bobo.....$ 24 Tetris....$ 25 Dream Zone.....$ 34 Dungeon Master......$ 29 Dragon's Lair.... Call Univ. Military Simulator.$ 35 International Soccer.$ 28 Mission Conbat.$ 35 Annals of Rome $ 25 Sorcerer $ 31 4X40ffRoad Racing..$ 34 Auto Duel ..$ 28 Foundations Waste..$ 24 Road Raider.....$ 27 These Games are all in stock now! Yamaha Special! • Yamaha SHS-10 MIDI Keyboard • Deluxe Music Construction Kit • Rock N'Roll Data Disk • MIDI Interface A complete starter kit for Electronic Musicians! Only $ 199 A2000 Boards with your A500 or A1000! Expansion Technologies presents the Tool Box, and expansion chassis for the Amiga 500 or Amiga 1000 which accepts Amiga 2000 memory boards, hard disk controllers — even the Bridge Card. Q Why Go AMIGA? • Four Amiga Only Years in Business • We carry Every Amiga Product • Mainframe Order Processing System • No Hidden Charges * Lowest Prices • Authorized Amiga Service Center • Best Customer Service In Industry Call For Our Free Complete
Catalog! More S Star NX-1000 Rainbow $ 265 pedals! A1000 48MB Hard Drive $ 859 Master 3A 880K Drive $ 154 1. 3 CALL! 800 U. S. California Customer Service Facsimile 800 843 415 322-0686
415 322-5356 — AMIGA — 3842 Send Mail Orders To: GO AMIGAl 508 Waverley St.. Palo
Alto, (A 94301 (Money Order, Cashier's Check or Qualified PO
only. CA Residents add sales tax.) SHIPPING INFO: Software shipping rates are $ 2. S0 item using UPS Ground (Max $ 7.50) or $ 4.50 item using UPS 2nd Day Air Service (Max. $ 13.50). Other shipping methods avatlatde Cal lor hardware rates. APO, Mail, toftogn shaping extra. Call for more into. RETURN & REFUND POUTY: All returns must have an RMAi Call Customer Service to request an RMAf Detective merchand M under warranty will be repaired or replaced. Returned product must be sent postage prepaid with all original packaging We do not offer refunds tor detective prortocts or for products that do not perform satisfactorily. We make no guarantees la product performance. Any money back guarantees must be handfed drectfy with the manufacturer. OTHER POLICIES: We do not charge your card until the product actualfy ships. Purchase order customers must have credit appfecatron on file. No surchage lor VISA or MasterCard When ordering with credit card, please include expiration date and name of bank1 Amiga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga. Go AMIGA is m no way associated with Commodore Amiga. Delivery subject to product availability • Prices subject to change ¦ IEVIE ON CLI Understanding and Using the Command Line Interface? NAVIGATING YOUR DISK, PART 2 By Richard Herring Last month we began a discussion of directory trees by examining the CD and MAKEDIR commands. Before we continue that discussion this month, let’s review the directory tree we were working with. Our hypothetical structure was as shown in the chart directly below. As I noted, this is probably too grand a tree for a floppy, and it is far too simple for a hard disk. Whichever type of drive you use, understanding directory trees is essential. The actual directory tree we built last month looked like the chart at the bottom of the page. DELETE DELETE helps both to free up space on our disks and to get rid of names that we don’t want to see any more. Tom (the user) decides to quit using Program 2. To delete the “Tom” subdirectory, we can NOT simply type “DELETE Tom”. AmigaDOS will respond “Not Deleted — directory not empty” (assuming we’re in the “Prog2” directory otherwise, DOS won’t be able to see “Tom” unless we specify a full path.) DOS is helping us here. It prevents the deletion of a directory that contains files. It forces us to be specific that Work Disk Root Directory 1 Program 1 Program 2 I Special I Utility I Batch Files Files Project Programs Files I | I — 1- I (with (to run I I I I data files programs. Data Tutorial Jane’s Tom’s Tutorial for both utilities, Files Files Data Data Files programs set paths, Files Files 1 & 2) etc.) Whatever your directory tree looks like, realize that all files are in a directory. Even if you don’t create any directories, your files will still be in the root directory. Once you do have several directories, AmigaDOS does not mind duplicate file or directory names on the disk as long as the matching names are not in the same parent directory. When you want to refer to any file, you can specify its full path. The path to the file would include the disk name (or drive), directory, subdirectories, and filename. On our example disk, a full path might be “WorkDisk: Prog2 Tom (file)”. CD and MAKEDIR were just enough to get us started. Many other AmigaDOS commands operate on directories and make using directory trees simple and powerful. This month, we’ll look at the DELETE, DIR, LIST, PROMPT, PROTECT, and RENAME commands. I will point out some differences between 1.2 and 1.3 because, of the commands discussed here, only CD, MAKEDIR, and RENAME have not been enhanced. We really want to delete all the files in that subdirectory. It saves us from mistakenly thinking we’re just deleting a file called “Tom” when we’re really wiping out a whole directory of files. There are two ways around this safeguard. First, we can “CD Tom” into the directory, then “DELETE ?” to zap all the files in it. Next “CD ” back to the “Prog2” directory. Finally, try “DELETE Tom” again and DOS will do so. ‘Tom” now contains no files to protect. The second way is fester and more dangerous. Type “DELETE Tom ALL”. DOS interprets the optional “ALL” switch as meaning that you want to delete the subdirectory and everything in it. This is especially dangerous when you have deeply nested subdirectories. From the root directory of our Work-Disk, the command “DELETE Prog2 ALL” will delete the “Prog2” directory and all the Program 2 files in it. It will ALSO delete the “Jane”, ‘Tom”, and “Tut” subdirectories, WorkDisk: Progl Prog2 Proj Util S (or Batch) Jane Tom Tut Data Tut The StSK Programming and Mathematics Made Easy by John Kemeny and Tom Kurtz The Kemeny Kurtz Math Series 1988 Award of Excellence Classroom Computer Learning Magazine The Kemeny Kurtz Math Series Is designed by experienced teachers, class-tested, and used In hundreds of high schools and universities. These bestselling math packages help you organize your thoughts, understand key concepts, step through examples, and so ve tough problems. You can actually see the steps to the right answers graphically. The Math Series provides a full range of stand-alone (does not require the Ihie BASIC language) packages for high school and college-level mathematics. Choose from Arithmetic, Algebra I, Algebra II, Pre-Calculus, Trigonometry, Calculus, Discrete Math, Probability, and Statistics. Each package lists for $ 49.95. Language System You don’t have to be a programmer to use Thie BASIC You can be designing simple programs In no time at all. That’s what BASIC means, and always has meant. Thie BASIC Is a structured language that’s easy to use. A compiler, editor and debugging tools rolled Into one, Thie BASIC gives you speed, great graphics and power that lets you get the most from your Amiga. Our optional toolkits allow the more knowledgeable programmer unlimited extensions... Use the 3-D graphics toolkit to add depth In a picture; Or, the Developer’s Toolkit to launch sprites and bobs, add pulldown menus, and get at all the Intuition and Kemal features. Soon you’ll want to build your own external toolkits] All this and portable, too. So If your world Includes anyone who uses a PC compatible, MAC or Atari ST, you can share programs and data with them. Programming Language with Runtime $ 99.95 Optional Toolkits $ 69.95 each Visit your Amiga dealer or call 1-800-TR-BASIC. R k W cr “If 1 V inc. 45 Theodore Fremd Avenue Rye, NY 10580 1-800-TR-BASIC Outside the U& (914) 921-1630 COMPUTER DIRECT Wl WON'T Bl UNDERSOLD! * I Prices Expire 4-30-89 Since 1979 Amiga 500 Computer Sale 512K Computer Compatible with Amiga I « 1000 Software 3TOCK List $ 799 Amiga 1010 External Drive Sale 3 "Compact-Size Micro-Disk Drive List $ 299 In Stock Amiga 10MS Color Monitor Sale 13" RGB 80 Column x 25 Row, 640 x 400 Pixel list $ 399 In Stock Hi-Speed 180 CPS NLQ 180-11 Printer Lifetime Warranty on Printhead Our Best Printer Buy Our Low Sale Price * 149” List $ 499 CALL FOR OUR EXTENSIVE LIST OF AMIGA SOFTWARE
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Prices do not include Shipping Charges. Call to get Your Lowest
Delivered Cost. We insure all shipments at no extra cost to
you! All packages are normally shipped UPS Ground. 2nd Day or
Overnight delivery available. Minimum shipping charge per order
is $ 3.73, Illinois residents add 6'A° o sales tax. We ship to
all points in the U. S; Canada. Puerto Rico, Alaska, Hawaii, Virgin Islands and APO-FPO. (Monitors only shipped in Continental USA) Prices and availability subject to change without notice. VISA AAASTER CARD COD AVAILABLE AT LAST! I Program Disk, Volume The Ahoyl’s AmigaUser Program Disk, Volume I contains all the type-in programs from the May 1988 through January 1989 issues of Ahoyl’s AmigaUser, including the following: • Amiga UserTerm Amiga BASIC terminal software with many of the
features of commercial programs • Matrix Pattern an area fill pattern creator that allows you
to output to data statements • ABM defend three missile bases and six cities against a
full-scale alien attack • Mailbox a speedy name and address management and label printing
system • Shade Select a color control and comparison program that lets
you display any 10 of the Amiga’s 4096 colors onscreen at one
time Plus routines from Amiga Toolbox, and a sampling of the
best of Amiga public domain software, including Amoeba Invaders
(arcade action); Dmouse (mouse pointer animator); DropShadow
V. 2.0 (window enhancer); Punty (printer utility); and ViewBoot
and VirusX V. 2.0 (virus prevention, detection, and cure
programs)....and other surprises! ORDER TODAY! Send coupon or facsimile to: Ahoyl’s AmigaUser Program Disk Ion International Inc. 45 West 34th Street-Suite 500 New York, NY 10001? Send me copies of the Ahoyl’s AmigaUser Program Disk, Volume I at $ 7.95 each (outside US, $ 8.95 each).? Payment enclosed: $ _.? Please bill my credit card.? MasterCard? VISA Card if_Exp. Date_ S ignature_ Name_ Address_ City_State_Zip_ Your disk will be sent immediately upon receipt of your order; however, due to postal delays, please allow at least two weeks for delivery. And ALL their files. If they contained any sub-subdirectories, they’d buy the farm too. And so on to the ultimate depth of that branch of the tree. "Your Amiga’s screen will display a message as each file or directory is deleted. The only thing that may save you if you realize you’re zapping files that deserve to live is a fast Control-C to interrupt the DELETE command. As DOS put TO in front of both filenames.) Even more powerful, suppose you were using Program 1 for nothing except the Special Project. You could make “Progl” a subdirectory of “Proj” by typing “RENAME Progl TO Proj Progl”. Notice that this changes the path not only of “Progl” but of everything it contains program files and subdirectories. Our tree would look like this: WorkDisk: Prog 2 Proj Util S.-1 I (or Batch) Jane Tom Tut pr0g-| Data Tut deletes each file and directory, it will inform you with a “WorkDisk: Prog2 (file) Deleted” message. Once DOS has started to delete a file, Control-C won’t save it, but will save the files DELETE hasn’t gotten to yet. If you want true destruction, there’s one more option for DELETE. Try “DELETE Prog 2 ALL Q”. “Q” for quiet, no delete messages, no warning, a real bolt of lightning to kill this branch of the tree. Normally, a subdirectory to be Deleted must be in the current (logged) directory. But like other DOS commands, DELETE understands path names. From the “Jane” subdirectory, you can delete “Util” with the command “DELETE: Util ALL” or “DELETE Util ALL”. One last word on DELETE. If you have included a directory in DOS’s search path, with the PATH command, that directory cannot be deleted even if it is empty. DOS will respond “(directory) Not Deleted object in use”. You will have to change the path so it no longer includes your subdirectory, then type your DELETE command again. But “DELETE (directory) ALL” will still wipe out the entire contents of that directory before DOS realizes it can’t delete the directory itself. RENAME RENAME is an incredibly powerful tool for manipulating directory trees. With RENAME, you can move a file or a whole subdirectory into another directory. Think of RENAME as the equivalent of using COPY to replicate the file or subdirectory in a new location and then using DELETE to kill the original. To move a file from “Jane” to “Tom” you could type, from the root directory, “COPY Prog2 Jane (file) TO Prog2 Tom”. (You can omit the TO filename if you want it to be the same as the original.) You’d then have to type “DELETE Prog2 Jane (file)” A much quicker option is to use the single command “RENAME Prog2 Jane (file) TO Prog2 Tom (file)”. (With RENAME you must specify the TO filename even if it is unchanged.) Although we didn’t change the name of the file, RENAME still requires us to type it on the TO side. (Note that RENAME’s not too picky about TO. You can substitute AS for TO, leave TO out entirely, or even Moving a file or directory like this is technically described as AmigaDOS changing the file’s or directory’s position in the filing system hierarchy. This is much faster than the COPY DELETE alternative because DOS doesn’t copy the whole file or directory. It just changes where it’s “filed.” Of course this means that you can’t RENAME a directory from one disk to another. Also, using RENAME like this cannot create a subdirectory. If, for instance, the “Proj” directory had not existed, our previous example would not have worked. RENAME could not create the “Proj” directory. It could move “Progl” to a different branch of the tree, but it couldn’t create the branch. RENAME has another advantage over the COPY DELETE combination. RENAME does not change the file’s date of creation and it does not wipe out any filenote associated with the file like the COPY command will. AmigaDOS 1.3 has improved this situation by adding options to the COPY command. The DATE keyword prevents COPY from updating the file’s date, the COM keyword allows COPY to duplicate a filename, and CLONE does both. (One note on COPY. The command “COPY TO: Proj”, issued from the root directory of our WorkDisk, will COPY all the files from the root to the “Proj” subdirectory. No source directory is specified, so DOS assumes the current directory is the source.) RENAME has a couple of limitations relevant to this month’s discussion. First, you can’t rename a subdirectory while you are in it. Second, you can’t rename a subdirectory to the same name as a file in the parent directory. In other words, the “Prog2” directory cannot contain both a subdirectory named “Hit” and a file named “Tut”. DIR & LIST We looked in depth at DIR and LIST in the very first Eye on CLI (May 1988), but let’s quickly review those features relevant to navigating directories. “DIR OPT D” will give only the subdirectories in the current directory, omitting any mention of files. “DER OPT A” will give all directories and the files and subdirectories they contain. “DIR OFT I” kicks you into interactive mode where you can enter a subdirectory and even delete empty subdirectories. Type a full path, like “DIR dfO: Prog2 Tut” and DIR will dutifully follow it to list only the files in that sub-subdirectory. (This does not change the directory DOS sees as current, however. Type “CD” and you’ll see that you are still in the directory and drive from which you issued the DIR command.) “DIR will give the files and subdirectories contained in the root directory, no matter how far down in the directory structure you are. And “DIR ” will give the contents of the parent directory of the subdirectory that you’re in. LIST by itself will display the directories and files in the current directory. It will end its info with a count of the number of files, number of directories, and number of blocks used. The number of blocks used refers to the space used by files in the current directory only. This is a handy gauge for deciding whether you have room to copy a particular directory onto another disk. (It is also confusing to some users because LIST displays the size of each file in bytes-a number much larger than the blocks used. Under 1.3, we can force LIST to display the size of files, as well as the total space used, in blocks. Just use the optional keyword BLOCK at the end of your LIST command.) Under 1.3, LIST has an optional switch DIRS that, as you might expect, lists directories only. LIST’s summary will omit the number of files and will show the number of blocks used by the subdirectories, but not the files, in the current directory. LIST accepts full paths. From the root, you can “LIST Prog2 Tom” to see that subdirectory’s files without Cding into the subdirectory first. If “Tom” has no files, LIST will respond “Directory “Tom” is empty”. Note that if a directory name matches one of LIST’s keywords-like P to match filenames to patterns the LIST command won’t work. If there’s a: P subdirectory in the current directory, “LIST P” will not list the files in the: P subdirectory. Instead, LIST will respond “Args no good for key”, and display the argument template for LIST. LIST parses its command line before it looks at the disk’s directories so it sees the “P”, assumes it is an optional keyword, notes that you didn’t give a pattern to match, and foils your intent. This is a good reason not to name directories with any of LIST’s options, including SINCE, UPTO, P, PAT, TO, KEYS, DATES, NODATES, QUICK (under 1.2 and 1.3); S (under 1.2); and BLOCK, LFORMAT, NOHEAD, SUB, FILES, or DIRS (under 1.3). Most of those aren’t great directory names, but you may want to avoid them if you use the LIST command a lot. How can we LIST the files in the: P directory without Cding into it? Simply include the path to the directory. Typing “LIST dfO: P” from the root will stop LIST from thinking “P” is an option rather than a directory. PROTECT DOS’s PROTECT command can prevent a directory from being deleted. A simple “PROTECT Prog2 Tom FLAGS rwe” will set the delete flag for the “Tom” subdirectory under AmigaDOS 1.2. (See February’s Eye on CLI for more on 1.2’s PROTECT command.) Under 1.3, you have the alternative to accomplish the same thing with “PROTECT Prog2 Tom -d” which sets (-) the delete status flag for “Tom”. Now if you try to “DELETE Tom” even with the “ALL” option, DOS will respond “WorkDisk: Prog2 Tom Not Deleted — file is protected from deletion”. But it will do so only after zapping every file in the subdirectory. Although protecting “Tom” doesn’t directly protect the parent directory “Prog2”, it has an effect. If you try to “DELETE Prog 2 ALL,” the DELETE command will fail when it hits the protected Tom subdirectory. Since “Tom” cannot be deleted, neither can “Prog2”. Also, any files or directories DELETE hasn’t gotten to yet will be saved from deletion when DELETE hits the “Tom” subdirectory. Likewise, you can protect an individual file from being deleted. If DOS can’t delete the file, the directory the file is in can’t be emptied, so DOS can’t delete the directory either (even though the directory itself is not protected). PROMPT Under AmigaDOS 1.2, we wouldn’t have had anything to say about the PROMPT command in this discussion of handling directory trees. However, 1.3 has added the essential feature that allows PROMPT not only to display stupid phrases (try “PROMPT Huh?” or “PROMPT “WaddallWant?”) but also to tell you what directory you’re current in. The command “PROMPT %S ” should definitely be a line in your Startup-Sequence under 1.3. Then when you type “CD Prog2 Tom,” DOS will respond with the prompt “WorkDisk: Prog2 Tom.” Setting up a directory tree is a bit like programming. Some people like to create only the subdirectories they need right now and add more as the urge strikes. Other people like to define a complete tree, making their best guess as to future needs. The first approach (which is like a bottom-up programming style) can result in filling a floppy up with too many different projects and not leaving enough room to complete any one or to maintain backup files. For most work situations, the second approach is preferable. It will result in using more disks, most of which will have lots of empty space. But you will save the cost of the disks several times over in the time you save by not having to search for files-assuming of course that you label your disks and keep them organized in some sort of disk holder. (Unlike 5'A” floppies, which are a bit more susceptible to static and to wounds of the fold spindle mutilate or puncture variety, 3 Vi disks can be stored in almost any kind of container. Roll-top teak boxes are fine, as are old shoe boxes. For that matter, even a retired toaster oven, with its glass door and retracting tray, will do-though I do suggest cutting off the plug lest it get inadvertently fired up.) AmigaDOS is designed with your needs in mind. It assumes you will have lots of projects and lots of files to keep straight. By using directory trees and the special features of these AmigaDOS commands, you can make your life much easier. We still have one command-PATH-to go in our discussion of navigating directory trees. Since it warrants nearly a full column to itself, we’ll come back to it in two months. Next month, we will look at a number of problems and how different readers have solved them. Remember, you can earn a free PD disk by sending a CLI-related hint to me at P.O. Box 1544, Tallahassee, FL 32302.? MS-DOS MEETS AMIGADOS Port V: Software Survey Continued By Ted Salamone More suggested programs for Bridgeboard-equipped A2000 owners. This month we continue our list of MS-DOS software recommendations for Bridgeboard users. Starting us out is PC Quintet from Timeworks. It combines word processing, a spell checker, an outliner, a spreadsheet, a relational database, graphics, and communications modules. Quintet is multiwindowing and multitasking. You can work on more than one file or in more than one application at a time; likewise, you can print in background mode while working on the next task. This pulldown menu, unprotected software does not use a mouse. Its power is tapped via a comprehensive manual which also features a Quick Start Mini-manual (for impatient computerists). The above average word processor includes a 60,000 word thesaurus and a 90,000 word spell checker. Personalized dictionaries are possible. The outliner allows you to sketch concepts and ideas for later enhancement. Spreadsheet mavens will like the ability to automatically print large files lengthwise, thanks to the Sideways routine. Lotus 1-2-3 files can be imported or exported; over three dozen mathematical, logical, and statistical operators are supported. A table lookup capability is also included. Graphics may be created from a spreadsheet, displayed onscreen, sent to a printer, or sent to a Hewlett-Packard plotter for exceptionally fine output. Bar, pie, line, and scatter charts are supported. In the database module you can query (search for) information by 10 conditional parameters, including wild cards. ASCII files can be imported or exported. One weakness, however, is the inability of this relational database to accept dbase files directly. Data calculation is handled, as is report and label output. Finally, the telecommunications module supports the XON OFF protocol, 75 to 9600 baud, autodial, autoreceive, ASCII, and XMODEM file transfer. PC Quintet, on the whole, provides more functionality than Eight-in-One. However, it is more expensive, does not support a mouse, has a weaker telecommunication module, and supports fewer file formats. UTILITIES Several utilities were tested: QuickMenu from Crescent Software and Word for Word and DS Squeeze from Design Software (distributed by Electronic Arts). QuickMenu reduces MS-DOS access time by adding a shell over the none-too-friendly A prompt. Hard driver owners who frequently use a set number of programs will benefit the most. QM behaves well in that it does not use RAM as its competitors do. Other shell programs reside entirely in RAM, taking room away from the main applications. QuickMenu creates batch files that are activated as each menu option is selected. That way, QM makes optimal use of a machine’s RAM. (Considering the fact that the Bridgeboard only comes with 512K RAM, memory management is important. Optional RAM expansion cards can be added to the XT slots if you want 640K or better.) Users of this unprotected utility have complete control over screen colors, interactive batch command creation, directory selection, menu creation, and password protection. A full screen editor provides the flexibility to design the menus as you like. Even more interestingly, existing batch files can be incorporated into QuickMenu. A must-have for those who can’t stand working with command line interfaces like the A prompt. Word for Word converts word processing files from one format to another. It retains most formatting commands, such as tabs, margins, footnotes, etc. This is essential when passing information from WP to WP or from a WP to a desktop publishing program which cannot directly read a particular source file, A minimal amount of “cleanup” is required to make the file usable in its destination format. The conversion routine is prompt-driven. Specify the name and location of the source file, select its format from the prompt list, specify the name and location of the destination file, select its format from the prompt list, and execute. Multiple files can be tagged for automatic batch conversions. Any operation can be aborted with a simple keystroke; directories can be reviewed from within the program. Advanced users can do without the prompts, however, issuing commands from the MS-DOS prompt. An exception report, an extremely useful listing of functions and formatting features not converted, can be produced automatically from the Options menu. This report can be reviewed onscreen or sent to a printer. Another way to combat unsupported features and functions is to activate the Exception Codes command on the Options menu. Either method may be used, but not both. The key is flexibility. Supported formats include ASCII, Smart ASCII, COM-(munications), DisplayWrite (DCA RFT), EBCDIC (primarily for IBM minis and above), IBM Writing Assistant, Microsoft Word 3.0 to 4.0, MultiMate 3.3, MultiMate Advantage 3.6, and Advantage II. 1 MB min HD BU rate achieved! ExpressCopy Only $ 44.95 us I “The Fast, Safe, and Reliable road for HardDisk Backup and Archival.” ExpressCopy can perform hard disk backups and copy files from hard disk to floppy disk at a rate up to 1 MB min, 600k Bytes min with verify of backup disks. Backup disks have the same directory structure and file attributes of the original files, and can be used normally. Either Normal or Fast FileSystem compatible disks can be written. Files to be copied can be selected by their DateStamp, filename pattern matching, the Archive Bit, and by source directory. Options for setting the Archive bit, verifying the data written to floppy disk, and estimating the number of disks needed for the backup. Up to 4 copies of the backup disks can be created at a time, or disks can be preloaded in up to 4 disk drives. New disks are automatically formatted and verified. If verify finds a bad disk, you can insert a different disk and restart the backup from the beginning of that disk, no need to restart backup from the beginning. Parameters for backups can be saved to configuration files. Designed for effective multitasking. Change Express-Copy’s priority while running. HALT the backup and use the Disk Drives normally, then RESUME the backup. Backup restoration can be done using any file copy program, your favorite Directory Utility, or by ExpressCopy’s Restore program. ExpressCopy haw no copy protection, and can be used from both the CLI and Workbench. Express-Way Software, Inc. PO Box 10290, Columbia, MO 65205-4005 (314) 474-2984 Workbench is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga, Inc,
Circle 261 on Reader Service Card Other formats include
OfficeWriter 4.015.0, PFS: First Choice 1.0 2.0, PFS: Write
version C, PFS: Professional Write 1.0, Volkswriter 3 1.0,
and Deluxe 2.2. Also WordPerfect 3.0 4.1 4.2, WordStar
3. 3 3.1 3.45 4.0, and XyWrite III. This utility can greatly increase the functionality behind the ability to write MS-DOS files to the Amiga side of a 2000. DS Squeeze allows you to make the most of your precious (and expensive) hard disk storage capacity. It also reduces the cost of, and the time required for, telecommunication transmissions. This unprotected file compression utility shrinks files by up to 75%. In the process, it can encrypt files for security purposes. Using DS Squeeze is the only way these encrypted files can be read. Normally compacted files, however, do not have to be decompressed to be used. With DS’s execute command,.BAT,.COM, and.EXE files will execute without decompression. Now that’s impressive. DS Squeeze uses a Lotuslike interface, and allows users to create and attach comment files to compressed files, to write archive information to a special disk file, and to automatically erase the original versions of compressed files. This is another must-have utility, considering the high cost of lengthy transmissions and hard drives. CREATIVITY Award Maker Plus from Baudville is a copy protected, menu-driven program used to create customized awards and certificates for sporting, academic, business, home, and school events. There is a hard drive installation utility. Sample awards guide your efforts, fancy borders add spice to your creations, gold embossed press-on seals add stature and importance. A wide variety of black & white and color dot matrix printers are supported. Laser printers are included as well. Optional accessories make for even fancier certificates and awards parchment paper, envelopes, and additional embossed seals. This is one of those fun yet functional applications that remove some of the tedium from computing. Broderbund’s Print Shop fits the same category. This million-selling, copy protected application also offers a hard drive installation utility. Color and black and white dot matrix printers are supported. 20 background patterns, 16 border designs, 12 typefaces, onscreen preview, clip art (over 140 symbols), and additional clip art packages make custom letterheads, flyers, greeting cards, and banners a snap. The ability to reverse print for T-shirt iron-ons makes Print Shop a real crowd pleaser. Colored paper and envelope samples are in every package; additional items can be mail ordered. A classic. Creative Cuisine, an unprotected application from Artworx, contains over 300 recipes covering Hors d’oeuvres, Soups, Main Courses, etc. There are also a number of suggested meals, including dinners, brunches, and buffet dinners. A Keep It Simple, Sweetheart category provides fast and easy recipes for anyone tired of microwaves and fast food restaurants. Recipes may be reviewed onscreen, printed, or scaled Continued on page 38 HARDWARE DESKTOP PUBLISHING UTILITIES Comic Setter $ 69 AmigaDOS vl.3 $ 21 j Comic Setter Art (ea).. $ 23 Disk Master.. $ 39, Fine Print... $ 35 Project D $ 32 .. $ 249 Quarterback . $ 45 $ 139 Wshett..... $ 32) SOFTWARE ORDERS OVER $ 100 SHIPPED FREE! Continental US only. Shipped via UPS 2nd Day Air. COD's add $ 2.50. JAIN 3.5" Internal DO I PROGRAMMING jARexx...... $ 35 Benchmark Module 2.. $ 129 iBenchmark Libs (ea) I Manx Aztec C Deve!... $ 199 Sub-System 500.....$ 219 Sub-System 1000. Supra 2400 Modem PowerWindows 2.5 THE UGHTSPEED ADVANTAGE: m Over two years Amiga m Upfront policies, market experience. M No hidden costs or w Amiga" only. Surcharges, m Mainframe Processing m Toll-Free Customer Sy%‘em for improved Sen ice. Service and support, a Competent non-m Competitive Prices. Commission staff. If you don t see it listed......Justask! GRAPHICS ANIMATION Digi-View Gold $ 1451 Director.... $ 49; Draw2000 ..$ 179, all points in Canada and Australia! Shipping rates include atI Customs Duties and Taxes. Amiga is a trademark of Dr. Ts Bach Songbook. $ 23 Dr. Ts Copyist v1.4... $ 169 Or. TsKCSVI.6a $ 169 Dr. TS Level II $ 219 Dr. TS Midi Studio $ 45 Dynamic Studio $ 145 Midi Gold... $ 59 Express Paint 3.0..... $ 65, Deluxe Paint H $ 85 j Data Retrieve $ 59 j Fantavision.. $ 45 Rush’n Attack $ 27 j Deluxe Photo Lab.... $ 95 Data Retrieve Pro $ 229 tntroCAD.... $ 59 $ 27 Deluxe Print it $ 59 j Excellence!..$ 175 Modeler 3D.. $ 65, POLICIES: Shipping Ink): Software rates are $ 2.50 item ($ 5.00 max) via UPS ground. For UPS 2nd Day Air add $ 1.50. COD's add $ 2.50. FedEx Next Day $ 15.00 or less (under 5 pounds). Other carriers, hardware, and Foreign rates may be extra. Other policies: No charge to Credit Card until shipping date. Exchanges for same item only. We cannot guarantee product satisfaction. THIS MONTHS SPECIALS! I Sonix...... $ 49 J TV Sports Football.... $ 32 f Sound Oasis $ 75 Ultima IV... $ 42 'Texture..... $ 99 j Universal Military Sim.. $ 32 $ 99 j Space Harrier $ 32 j Double Dragon...... $ 29 I Kind Words.. $ 65! Page Flipper Plus F X..$ 109, Pm Midi Studio $ 129 Stargiider II.. $ 30 Ear! Weaver Baseball.. $ 32 Maxiplan 500 $ 99 Photon Paint $ 65, Studio Magic $ 65 Sword of Sedan $ 32 Empire..... $ 32 Maxiplan Pius $ 129 Pro Video Plus $ 189, Ferrari Formula One... $ 32 Microfiche Plus $ 129 3-Demon Hrezone.... $ 25 f PmWrite 2. 0. $ 79 Video Effects 3D $ 129, Gettysburg.. $ 39
j Superbase Pm $ 199 Videoscape 30 v2.0... $ 124,
ENTERTAINMENT $ 139 j Andromeda Mission... $ 27 $ 479
Arkanoid.... $ 21 'APro-Draw 12 w Cursor.. $ 499 Battle
Chess $ 32 FrameGrabber $ 499 Bionic Commando $ 27 OverDrive
50MB.....$ 769 Boot Camp.. $ 27 1 Hardframe Controller
.. $ 249 Captain Blood $ 32 Supra DMA Controller. $ 219 j
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ProGen.....$ 3791 Chrvno Quest $ 32 y Oufl tZOC AAOO
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'n.. $ 32, interceptor.. $ 32 $ 39 „.. r. SI
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Games $ 25 j! Supra 2400 Baud Modem ____ $ 139 7 ShW2m Send
Cable $ 10 Rubicon Alliance $ 21 j 1000SBFIDI Cdb16, $ 10 j
Twilight's Ransom $ 25 Wizard Mrs $ 29 j Works Platinum
$ 199 X-CAD Designer......$ 389 (Zany Golf... $ 29 j Word
Perfect Library.. $ 85 Zoetmpe. $ 249 Dungeon Master $ 27) $ 139 j Emerald Mines...... $ 16 j Faery Tale Adventure... $ 32, 'AUSTRALIA-'Flight Simulator II.... $ 32 Overseas Freephone Toll-Free: 0014400-12-5632 'Foundations Waste... $ 211n. 'Gauntlet.... $ 32 CANADA: 'Harpoon.... $ 27 Toll-Free Service Caii:1-800-843-2555 'Jackal $ 27 Orders Only Please! For info:503-777-1008 'Lords of Rising Sun... $ 32 --- 'Murder on Atlantic.... $ 27 w We now provide InternationalAir Service to Operation Wolf $ 27 j Outrun..... $ 321 $ 27, P. O.W...... $ 27 ELECTRONIC ARTS j PRODUCTIVITY $ 27 AD&D
Heroes $ 29 A-Taik III $ 27 Annals of Rome $ 25 I Atredes BBS
$ 27 Bardo Tate it $ 39 Critic's Choice $ 169 ¦ $ 32 Deluxe
Music $ 65 Cygnus Ed Pm...... $ 65 $ 30, INTERNATIONAL
TOLL-FREE ORDERING! The Art Gallery offers the opportunity for fame and fortune to aspiring Commodore artists. Send your work on disk to Art Gallery, Ion International Inc., 45 West 34th Street-Suite 500, New York, NY 10001. Label each disk with the date of your submission, your name and address, the number of images on the disk, and the graphics or paint program used. Graphics produced on the Amiga are eligible for inclusion in AmigaUser; C-64, C-128, and Plus 4 images are eligible for inclusion in Ahoy! If your image is published, you will receive a free one-year subscription. Current subscribers will have their subscription extended by one year. Note that the Art Gallery is not a contest. Published pictures are selected in an arbitrary and capricious fashion by the Art Director, based solely on their artistic merit. Oops Art Director Laura Palmeri misunderstood when she overheard the editors saying they wanted to look at some Amiga drivers this month. Just as well, though there's not a single lemon in this batch of motorized masterpieces. Left: King Cab by Bruce Yarbor (Oklahoma City, OK), drawn on DeluxePaint (this month's only non-DeluxePaint II image). Top: Testarosa reflects the expensive tastes of Stephen Beckwith (Orlando, FL). Directly above and top, facing page: a bevy of Chevies by Vincent F. Morano, Jr. (Bloomington, NY) '56 and '57 respectively. Right: an economically lopsided Dutch treat from M.O. Schrie-mer (Hoek, The Netherlands) — Ferrari F40 and Ford Escort XR31. 26 AmigaUser AhmUstr 27 A Customizable Lottery Picking Program By Bob Spirko Left: first you select number of tickets and type of lottery. Right: program displays winning numbers count. SCREEN 1,640,200,2,2 WINDOW 1, MLottoGraph", (0,11) — (631,186),22,1 DEFINT b, i-z ’6 36 lottery pick=6: lotto=36 initbar=60 ntickets=6 max=36: min=4 'initial graph bar height (0-99) 'no of tickets 'max and min no of tickets x=24: y=11: nt=ntickets DIM barshape (65), char (9), dash (4), charline (268) DIM bar(50), barf (50), number (50), ticket! (max), month$ (l2) FOR i=0 TO 3 READ p1, p2, p3 PALETTE i, pl 16, p2 16, p3 16 NEXT Do you feel lucky? You’ll need to be if you try to enter this program without first reading your Amiga BASIC manual! After you do the necessary background work, we’ll be glad to help you with any problems. Call 212-239- 6089 (if busy call 212- 239-0855), 8:304:30 EST. FOR i=1 TO 3: READ lotto (i): NEXT RANDOMIZE TIMER MENU 1,0,1,"Project" MENU 1,1,1, "New " MENU 1,2,1,"Open " MENU 1,3,1,"Save " MENU 1,4,1,"Save As" MENU 1,5,1,"Quit " MENU 2,0,1,"Tickets" ntil I picked up a lottery newspaper, I’d never had much interest in lotteries. In the lottery paper, however, I noticed that graphs for lotteries, such as 6 49, showed that some numbers occurred more frequently than others. Intrigued with this-and having a normal level of greed-I decided to write a program in BASIC that would take advantage of this variation. I reasoned that I would have a better chance of picking a winning lottery ticket with a computer program based on frequently occurring numbers than on numbers based on my hat size, my dog’s birthday, or other such criteria. The program, I decided, would be easy to use. Instead of typing in the number of the occurrences of all the numbers on winning tickets, I would use the mouse to adjust a bar graph to match the graph in the lottery newspaper. Then, at a click of a mouse but-laaaaaaaaaaaa bbbbbb laaaaaaa a aaaaa: laaaaaa a aa laaaaaa* aaa s aa«isw laaaaaaa *aaas laaaaaaaaaaaaa k laaaaaaaaaa aaaaaa -sc. Aaa aa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaal ¦ aaa aaaaana] aa a aaaai aa a aaaaaaal «aa a a a a aa a aa a 1 aaaaBBBaBBBaaa THE WORLD OE COMMODORE ¦BBBBBBBBBBBaBBBBBB aaaaaaaaaaaMhJ aaaaaaaaaM aaaaaaaaaaa aeiaaaHM aaaaaaa aaaaaa: KBBBaar aaaaa aaaaaa aaas aaas — mmmm next stop L. A With amazing computers. Stunning software. Powerful peripherals. The World of Commodore is coming ••• to capture your imagination. '*** It’s the computer show for beginners and hackers, professionals and students, business people and home users. Commodore Business Machines and many other exhibitors will display and sell die AMIGA, C-64, 0128, PC computers, a galaxy of software for Commodore and AMIGA computers and a glittering constellation of printers, disk drives and desktop publishing equipment. You will find peripherals and accessories for all your present and future equipment, ft's computer heaven. Stage demonstrations and provocative seminars, presented by top experts, are included with your admission. Three days of bargains, selection, information, excitement and prizes. See it all with your own eyes. Try it all with your own hands. At the World of Commodore in Los Angeles. May 19, 20 & 21, 1989 L.A. Convention Center Adults $ 10 Students & Seniors $ 8 Seminars and srajje demonstrations are included with admission. Exhibitors contact: The Hunter Group (416) 595-5906 Fax: (416) 595-5093 Produced in association with Commodore Business Machines ton, the computer would pull out a list of tickets based on the numbers that came up most often. Of course, the program would be careful to produce tickets that were all different. Being an optimist, I decided to call the program Celebrate. Run Celebrate and you’ll be greeted with a screen comprising a bar graph, menu bar, ticket control, and lottery control. The graph that you’ll see is for 6 36 lotteries, but you can select another lottery from 28 to 50 with either 4, 5, or 6 numbers. To do this, change the numbers in the LOTTERY box below the graph by using the up and down arrows. You can change the first number (6) directly, but the lottery number involves an extra step. After you’ve clicked one of the arrows beside it, an OKAY box comes up. Continue clicking until you’ve selected your lottery, then click OKAY. The graph will be redrawn for the new lottery. Now you’re ready to change the bars in your graph. The bars are adjusted in much the same way as you use most Amiga slider controls: by clicking on the bar and sliding your mouse up or down while holding down the mouse button. When you adjust a bar, a number will appear above it. This number reflects any changes that you make in the bar’s height so that you can set the bar height exactly. Bars can be adjus-MENU 2,1,1,"Pull " MENU 2,2,1,"Print " MENU 2,3,1,"Count " MENU 3,0,0," " ’delete this line when compiling MENU 4,0,0," " ’delete this line when compiling ON ERROR GOTO ErrorCheck ’disable this line when debugging ON MENU G0SUB MenuCheck COLOR 3 LINE(0,0)-(3,0) GET(0,0)-(3,0), dash PUT(0,0), dash, X0R FOR i=1 TO 50: bar (i)=initbar: NEXT G0SUB SetupGraphrGOSUB GraphReset G0SUB Setup8oxes: G05UB SetupBars FOR i=l TO 12: READ month$ (i): NEXT Main: WHILE MOUSE(0)=0: WEND mx=M0USE(l): my=M0USE(2) IF my y AND mx x AND mx xx THEN IF MOUSE(0) 0 THEN IF my yy AND P0INT(mx, my)=2 THEN GOSUB AdjustBars ELSE IF my yy AND POINT(mx, my)=0 THEN GOSUB AdjustBarsUpOne END IF IF my 138 AND P0INT(mx, my)=1 THEN IF mx 344 THEN GOSUB ChangeLotto IF mx 274 THEN GOSUB ChangePick IF mx 200 THEN GOSUB ChangeTickets END IF END IF END IF: GOTO Main MenuCheck: m0=MENU(0): m1=MENU(1) IF m0=1 THEN IF ml =1 THEN FOR i=1 TO 50: bar (i)=initbar: NEXT ntickets=nt: G0SUB GraphReset END IF IF ml=4 THEN file$ ="" IF ml=5 THEN END ON ml GOSUB SetupBars, GraphOpen, GraphSaue, GraphSaue ELSE ON ml GOSUB PullTickets, PrintTickets, Count END IF RETURN AdjustBars: COLOR 2 n=INT((mx-x) l2)+1 xb=12*n+x-12 l=n*3 2+2 WHILE MOUSE(0) 0 ty=M0USE(2) IF ty =y THEN ty=y IF ty =yy THEN ty=yv LINE(xb, y)-(xb+7, ty),0, bf LINE(xb, ty)-(xb+7, yy), bf LOCATE 1,1: PRINT USING » ";yy-ty WEND LOCATE 1,1: PRINT SPACE$ (2) bar(n)=yy-ty LINE(xb, y)-(xb+7, ty),0»bf LINE(xb, ty)-(xb+7, yy), bf RETURN AdjustBarsUpOne: COLOR 2 n=INT((mx-x) l 2)+1 bar(n)=bar(n)+1 ty=yy-bar(n) xb=12*n+x-12 IF my ty OR mx xb THEN bar(n)=bar(n)-1: RETURN LINE(xb, ty)-(xb+7, ty) RETURN ErrorCheck: IF ERR=53 OR ERR=49 THEN BEEPtRESUME GraphOpen ERROR ERR GraphClear: FOR i=1 TO lotto: bar (i)=initbar: NEXT FOR i=Q-TO lotto-1 xb=x+iM12 LINE(xb, y)-(xb+7, yy),0, bf NEXT RETURN GraphOpen: l=lotto FileliJindouj ("Open") IF file$ ="" THEN RETURN OPEN file$ FOR INPUT AS 1 INPUTS, pick, lotto, ntickets FOR i=1 TO lotto: INPUTS, bar (i): NEXT CLOSE 1 CLS GOSUB SetupGraph: GOSUB SetupBoxes GOSUB SetupBars: GOSUB GraphReset RETURN GraphReset: COLOR 2 LOCATE 19,17: PRINT USING" ";ntickets LOCATE 19,39: PRINT USING"!";pick LOCATE 19,41: PRINT USING" ";lotto RETURN GraphSave: IF file$ ="" THEN FileWindotj ("Save") IF file$ ="" THEN RETURN ted from 0 to 99. You can also adjust a bar by clicking above it. This increments a bar by one-useful when you are updating your graph. To check your graph, select Count under the Tickets menu. This brings up a window with the status of your bar graph. It gives you a list of all the ticket numbers and their bar height settings so you can be sure your graph is properly set up. After reviewing the numbers, you must click the mouse button on the main window; the Count window will then be shuffled behind the main window. If you wish to see the list later, use the front-to-back window gadgets to bring it back into view. After setting up the graph, you may want to make one more adjustment before you start pulling out your tickets. If you wish to pull out more than six tickets, the default value, go to the ticket box under the graph and use the arrows there to adjust this number up or down. The program lets you select up to 36 tickets. Now you’re ready to list your lucky number combinations. Pull down the Tickets menu and select Pull. A window will appear and ticket numbers will begin to roll down the screen. Like the Count window, you must click the mouse button to send this window to the back before you can select your next command. After pulling your tickets, you’ll probably want a printout of them. Select Print on the Tickets menu and your list will be sent to the printer. Armed with your ticket list, you’re now ready to mark your lottery cards. Before you go blithely on your way to producing winning tickets, you may want to change the program’s default values. If, for instance, you’d rather have a 6 30 or 6 48 graph appear first, just change the fourth line of the program. The next line determines the initial height of the graph’s bars, and the following two lines set the defaults for the number of tickets you wish to pull. When you use Celebrate, you’ll find it’s no slouch for speed. The screen is OPEN file$ FOR OUTPUT AS 1 PRINT 1, pick, lotto, ntickets FOR i=l TO lotto: PRINT 1, bar (i): NEXT CLOSE 1 RETURN ChangePick: COLOR 2 IF my 148 THEN pick=pick+1+(pick=6) ELSE pick=pick-1-(pick=4) END IF LOCATE 19,39: PRINT USING" ", — pick RETURN Main ChangeLotto: MENU OFF LINE(386,138)-(442,158),3, b LINE(387,138)-(441,158),3, b COLOR 1: L0CATE 19,51: PRINT "OKAY" not0K=-1: l=lotto COLOR 2 GOSUB ChangeLotto2 Again: WHILE MOUSE(0) =0: WEND mx=M0USE(l): my=M0USE(2) IF mx 344 AND my 138 THEN IF mx 384 AND P0INT(mx, my)=1 THEN GOSUB ChangeLotto2 ELSEIF mx 386 AND mx 442 AND my 158 THEN not0K=0: LINE(386,138)-(442,158),0, bf END IF END IF IF notOK THEN Again IF lOlotto THEN LINE(x-5, y-1)-(xx+1, yy+17),0, bf FOR i=1 TO 5D: bar (i)=initbar: NEXT GOSUB SetupGraph: GOSUB GraphReset: G0SUB SetupBars END IF MENU ON RETURN Main ChangeLotto2: IF my 148 THEN lotto=lotto+1+(lotto=50) ELSE lotto=lotto-1-(lotto=28) END IF LOCATE 19,41: PRINT USING" ";lotto RETURN ChangeTickets: COLOR 2 IF my 148 THEN ntickets=ntickets+1 +(ntickets=max) ELSE 1 So easy to Use w No Computer Experience Necessary y Instructions for each Order W FREE Phone Support So Easy to Order r FREE Membership T FREE 800- for Orders I * FREE Same-day Shipping f UPS 2nd Day Air Service when you need it Now! V FREE Catalog y Your Satisfaction Guaranteed THE TOP 70? *131 PacMan ’87 — Great sound and graphics. Adds new elements to PacMan, Saves Top 10.? *127 Wheel of Fortune — A great computer version for multiple players. It even talks.? *23 Monopoly — Enjoy great graphics and sound while playing three tough computer opponents.? *37 Business Programs — Included are an address book, an amortization program, a talking mail manager, and a label printer.? *27 Amoeba Invaders — A better Space Invaders!? *140 Virus Killer — Everyone needs this! Makes it easy to detect and eliminate known viruses.? *115 Word Processor — Lots of features.? *134 Applications-Label maker printer, grocery list maker, and AMIGazer — a star viewing program.? *142 9-Bert — Like the popular arcade version.? *139Bull Run — Great Civil War strategy board game, with impressive graphics and sound. BUSINESS HOME? * 116 Business n — VC-Spreadsheet, HP-10c calculator, and several diversions for when the boss isn't looking!? *117 Business HI — DataBase, a bunch o (great new fonts, RSLCIock-great clock utility, AmigaSpell. LANGUAGES? *9 FORTH — T wo versions of the FORTH programming language.? *50 XLISP — A version of LISP, the artificial intelligence language. Includes documentation. COMMUNICATIONS? *4 Communications — Starterm and Aterm are both included. Both run from Workbench or CLI and are comparable to communications packages selling for $ 50+. Full control of baud rates, phone directory, all protocols, auto chopof files, and many other extras. Works well with the Avatex 1200 modem and others. Source code included.? *90 Modem Madness! — Terminals includeStarTerm, Aterm, and Kermit. Telecommunication utilities such as Archive are also here. Other types of programs and utilities are also included in the price of admission. UTILITIES APPLICATIONS? *60 AmigaBaslc — Two programs thatare truly of commercial quality, Cell-Animateand Graphit. Some Deluxe Paint picture files are also included.? *97 Tutorial Diskl A disk full of information and programs to instruct Amiga Programmers and users. Several C & ASM source files are included.? *98 Tutorial Disk2 — More of the best of Amiga Information.? *101 Utilities — Many new utilities like Timeset — a time setting utility and DirCopy-a great copier (very quick), and about a dozen more. Some new fonts are also included on this disk.? *105 Potpourri I — This disk contains several different kinds of programs, some of the highlights are: PopCLI2-evokes a new CLI window at the press of a button; Psound-sample sound recorder and editor: 3-D Breakout; DiskCat-catalogs and organizes disk files; IconMaker-makes icons for most programs so that they can run from Workbench; Fkey-template maker.? *129 Amiga Utilities D-Aharddiskbackup;Target-soundsa gunshot whenever the left mouse button is pressed; DpaintTuton WinSize-change window size from CLI easily, and lots more.? *130 Vldeomaker Utilities — This disk is packed with utilities to make your desktop videos easier to produce and more professional looking. Name. Immmm? *133 DOS Helper — A program designed to help you with the AmigaDOS commands. Can be activated from icon of the CLI. Supports multitasking, so that you can refer to it when you need it. As usual, there are other good programs included on the disk.? *135 ApplicationsII-Long Movie-plays several IFF pictures in fast succession, creating animation. QuickBase-a mail manager Dbase. Persmait-a DataBase for keeping records of friends, family, associates, customers or employees. MORE.? *146 Calendar — A very good personal calender for birthdays, holidays, meetings, bills and other events. Excellent graphics. Calendar program also has a diary. Other programs include some graphics and Checkbook.? *150 Textcraft+ Demo — A demo of a very good wordprocessing program of high quality. Menu driven. Has a lot of helps to show you how. Textcraft+ also has a Speller Check available. SOUND MUSIC? *18 Future Sound Demo — Another great sound demo of digitized sound. Includes the wicked witch of OZ, breaking dishes, sea gulls, car crash, ducks, others.? *30 Super Sounds — Great digitized sounds from movies like Star Trek, 2001, James Bond movies, Star Wars, and Starman, Is it real or is it the Amiga?!!!? *77 Instruments — Turn your keyboard into 25 different musical instruments. SLIDESHOWS? *1 Norman Rockwell — 17 beautiful digitized Rockwell paintings in this self-running slideshow presentation. You’ve got to see these!? *55 EA Demo and Polyscope — More great gra phics for your enjoyment.? *67 DPSlideS — Over 30 slides of all sorts on this self-running slideshow.? *94 Diga-Vlew — This one shows the digitizing process in stages. Several good pictures are included. Other programs also included.? *95 DigaSlidel 1 — Another in the great series of slideshows with great artwork. Self-running with over 25 pictures.? *108B Juggler — Famous demo that shows the beautiful graphics of the Amiga and just how powerful this program is. It is easier to run than 108S, but only has the one demo on it. GAMES? *38 Basic GrabBag2 — Around 25 programs of various types. Many of these are must-haves. At less than $.20 each, you can’t go wrong!? *44 Games3 — More great games including Life, Vegas Slot Machine, Reversi, others. Disks Ordered? *52 Basic Games — Tons of Abasic games — discover some treasures!? *61 Abasic GrabBagl — Only about 100 of all types!!!!!? *102 Sinking Island — Return to Sinking Island is an excellent adventure game. Well worth the price — hours of enjoyment!!!? *114 Potpourri X — Othello, A key-shortcut program lor AmigaDos. Various new tools, automatic printer-driver generator, much more.? *118 Great Graphic Games — Includes Missle Command, 2-D Triclops, Cosmo-asteroids clone, BrakeOut, Yatzee, Hack and more.? *121 Backgammon — A great game from David Addison.? *122 Solitaire — Two versions by David Addison.? *123 Cribbage — Take on the computer or a friend.? *124 Milestone — A great computer version of Miles Bournes by the author of Monopoly for the Amiga, David Addison.? *125 Othello — A great 3-D version of this popular game.? *128 Space Games — Cosmoroids (like asteroids) and Gravity Wars highlight this disk just full of games.? *137 Blackjack — A full-featured game which allows pair-splitting, double-down, etc. Bandit-play the slot machines without going to Vegas!!! More.? *141 Dominoes — Dominoes game with great graphics. Also Tic Tac Toe, Drawing and Molecules programs.? *147 Jackisnd Graphics — Adventure clue game. Also some great pictures (graphics), a useful utility called Ouickbase, and a fun program called Thingies which you will enjoy!!!? *148 Boulder Dash — Very popular game with excellent graphics and has several challenging levels. This disk is full-It has Othello, Life3 and many useful utilities.? *151 4 in a Rov — A fun, but challenging game you play against the computer. There is an excellent Demo ’’Mand FXP-D3", a utility or 2 and the fun TARGET — A weirdo thingy. MISCELLANEOUS? *88 Amiga Basic Programs — Over 50. Games, utilities, applications, entertainment, and finance. Also included is a program that allows you to use IFF files in your Amiga Basic programs.? *119 mead — A full-featured computer-aided design program.? *136 Graphics2 — Border Set-useful for desktop publishing and video, making cards, coupons or menus, and your own artwork. Xicon-allows you to run AmigaDOS commands or programs from Icon.? *144 Christmas Animations — 10 beautiful scenes and graphics with sound. Great scenes include: Lit Candle, Elves, The Christmas Tree, The Manger, Season’s Greetings, Holly Wreath, Chimney Smoke, Church Bells, and Walking Home.? *145 Animations 3 — More Great Animations. 3 very good demos plus 3 workbench pictures and Blobs. Address. City_ Phone (_. State-Visa MC_ Sig--? Send Catalog Exp. Date. Canada — 254 per disk Foreign — 50C per disk? COD (add $ 4 if you require COD)? U.P.S. 2nd Day Air (Add $ 3) TOTAL? Check MO? Visa MC DCOD? SHIPPING Free U.S. I Software! Excitement! P. O. Box 5069 • Central Point, OR 97502, 1-800-444-5457 ¦fORDER
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Ntickets=ntickets-1-(ntickets=min) END IF LOCATE 19,17: PRINT USING" "jutickets RETURN Flair Count: WINDOW 3,"Winning Numbers Count", (0,154)-(600,186),30,1 1=1: j=n FOR i=1 TO lotto COLOR 3: LOCATE l, i*3-j-2: PRINT USING " ";i; COLOR 2: LOCATE 1+1, i*3-j-2: PRINT USING " ";bar(i); IF i=25 THEN l=3: j=75 NEXT WHILE MOUSE(0)=D: WEND WINDOW 1 RETURN PullTickets: MENU OFF ysizel =178-8KINT((ntickets-1) 4) WINDOW 2,"TICKETS", (0, ysizel) — (617,18B),31,1 COLOR 3: ntab=1: chance=99-INT(ntickets 6) FOR i=1 TO 49: number (i)=i: barf (i)=bar (i): NEXT FOR i=1 TO lotto-1: FOR j=i+1 TO lotto IF barf (i) barf (j) THEN SWAP barf (i), barf (j) SWAP number (i), number (j) END IF NEXT: NEXT IF barf (l) — barf (16) 2 THEN PRINT "Too many equal-sized bars "; PRINT "(click mouse button to continue) WHILE MOUSE(0)=0: WEND WINDOW CLOSE 2: MENU ON: RETURN END IF q=100«barf (l) chance FOR i=1 TO ntickets TryAgain: k=1 FOR j=1 TO pick: t (j)=0: NEXT ticket$ (i)="" FOR j=1 TO pick WHILE t(j)=0 t (j)=-number (k)w (RND(l) barf (k) q) k=k+1 WEND NEXT FOR m=1 TO pick-1: F0R n=m+1 TO pick IF t(m) t(n) THEN SWAP t(m), t (n) NEXT: NEXT FOR 1=1 TO pick IF t(l) 10 THEN s$ =" " ELSE s$ ="" ticket$ (i)=ticket$ (i)+s$ +STR$ (t(1)) NEXT IF i 1 THEN m=0 FOR 1=1 TO i-1 IF (ticket$ (i)=ticket$ (l)) THEN m=-1 redrawn quickly whenever a new lottery is chosen, and calculations are fast enough to list your tickets in a few seconds. But you can make Celebrate more fleet by compiling it with Absoft’s AC BASIC compiler. Celebrate is ready to be compiled as it stands; if you typed it in correctly you won’t have to make any modifications (although you can delete the last two MENU commands for aesthetics). Just set option N in AC BASIC to process runtime events. When compiled, Celebrate runs about four or five times fester. This program won’t guarantee you’ll win a million, of course, but it should be fun to use. If you do win, let us know about it after you Celebrate!? NEXT IF m THEN TryAgain END IF PRINT TAB(ntab)ticket$ (i); ntab=ntab+19 IF ntab=77 AND iOntickets THEN ntab=1 SPRINT NEXT WHILE WIND0W(0)=2: WEND: WINDOW 1: MENU ON RETORN PrintTickets: NENU OFF d$ =DATE$ LPRINT TAB(1); FOR i=1 TO 73: LPRINT " — ";: NEXT LPRINT TAB(1)"Celebrate"; LPRINT USING " §n;pick;: LPRINT LPRINT USING "M"’» lotto; LPRINT TAB (62)month$ (V AL (LEFT$ (d$, 2))); LPRINT SPC(1)MID$ (d$,4,2); LPRINT ", 19"RIGHT$ (d$,2) FOR i=1 TO 73: LPRINT " — ";: NEXT LPRINT: LPRINT ntab=1 FOR i=1 TO ntickets LPRINT TAB(ntab); LPRINT USING;i; LPRINT ")"ticket$ (i)} ntab=ntab+26: IF ntab=79 THEN ntab=1: LPRINT NEXT LPRINTiLPRINT NENU ON RETURN SetupGraph: NENU OFF COLOR 3 yy=y+99: xx=x+12 1otto LINE(x-5, y-1)-(xx+1, yy+1), b LINE(x-6, y-1)-(xx, yy+1), b LOCATE 5: PRINT "75" LOCATE 8: PRINT "50" LOCATE 11: PRINT "25" LOCATE 15,4 FOR i=1 TO lotto PRINT USING "F;i NOD 10; NEXT x1=8w (3+lotto) — 1: x2=xx FOR i=1 TO lotto GET(x1, yy+2)-(x1 +7, yy+9), char PUT(x1, yy+2), char, XOR PUT(x2, yy+2), char x1=x1 -8: x2=x2—12 NEXT FOR i=1 TO FIX(lotto 10) LOCATE 16,2+15«i: PRINT i NEXT GET(lOO, yy+10)-(xx-2, yy+17), charline PUT(lOO, yy+1O), charline, XOR PUT(97, yy+10), charline 'dashed lines FDR i=x-12 TD xx-1 STEP 12 PUT(i+8, yy-75), dash, PSET NEXT GET(x-4, yy-75)-(xx-1, yy-75), charline PUT(x-4, yy-50), charline, PSET PUT(x-4, yy-25), charline, PSET menu ON RETURN SetupSoxes: COLOR 3 LINE(40,138)-(l8O,158), b LINE(41,1 38) (181,158)., b LINE(11B,142)-(l52,152), b LOCATE 19,7: PRINT MTICKETS"SPC(3); Arrow 154 COLOR 3 LINE(198,1 38)-(370,1 58)., b LINE(199,138)-(371,158), b LINE(295,142)-(342,1 52), b PRINT TAB(27)"LOTTERY"SPC(B); Arrow 274: Arrow 344 MENU ON RETURN SetupBars: FOR i=0 TO lotto-1 xb=x+iw12 LINE(xb, yy-bar(i+1))-(xb+7, yy),2, bf LINE(xb, yy-bar(i+1) — 1) — (xb+7, y),0, bf NEXT RETURN DATA 8,15,8,14,0,0,0,4,14,0,0,0,36,39,49 DATA JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC SUB Arrow (x) STATIC COLOR 1 AREA(x,147): AREA STEP(9, — 7) AREA STEP(9,7): AREA STEP(-18,0) AREAFILL AREA(x,149): AREA STEP(9,7) AREA STEP(9, — 7): AREA STEP(-18, D) AREAFILL END SUB SUB Fileliiindow (title$) STATIC SHARED file$ liIINDOW 2,"OPEN", (170,80) (470,110),22,1 COLOR 3: PRINT: INPUT "Filename: ", file$ WINDOW CLOSE 2 END SUB MS-DOS MEETS AMIGADOS Continued from page 24 (ingredient quantities adjusted to match the desired number of people). An accumulated shopping list automatically compiles everything listed in selected recipes. Table setting, seating arrangement, and entertainment tips are also provided. Other hints cover wine and cheese selection, provide measurement conversion charts, and define cooking terms. Your own recipes can be saved to disk for use during meal planning, etc. Artworx also supplies Linkword language training programs. German and Spanish were reviewed here, but the series is also comprised of Portuguese, Russian, French, Greek, and Italian. The goal in these programs is to have users learn basic grammar and a vocabulary of approximately 350 words. Linkword works differently from other language programs: It ties a foreign word to a similar sounding English word used in a sentence meant to create a link between the foreign word and its definition. For example, “The German for gentleman is Herren. Imagine a large herring dangling from the door of a gentleman’s toilet.” You’re supposed to picture this image as a reinforcement to learning. After several words are linked, the program has you translate words, and then sentences between both languages. Special characters in foreign languages not used in English are handled with special keystroke combinations. Pronunciation is aided by a cassette tape; a glossary lists all words. Despite an unusual approach, the Linkword series works. Maillist is a stand-alone, unprotected mailing list program which makes it easy to enter, manipulate, and output address information for small businesses. Online Help is available; labels can be printed in 1, 2, or 3 up format. Fast and friendly, its only drawback is the inability to import existing database files of any type. ForComment from Broderbund is an incredible productivity enhancer. Available in single author or network work-Crescent 11 Grandview Avenue Stamford, CT 06905 Phone: 203-846-2500 Design 1275 W. Roosevelt Rd. W. Chicago, IL 60185 Phone: 312-231-4540 Electronic Arts 1820
Gateway Drive San Mateo, CA 94404 Phone: 415-571-7171
Spinnaker One Kendall Square Cambridge, MA 02139 Phone:
617494-1200 Timeworks 444 Lake Cook Road Deerfield, IL 60015
Phone: 312-948-9202 Companies mentioned in this article:
Artworx 1844 Penfield Road Penfield, NY 14526 Phone:
716-385-6120 Ashton-Thee 1000 Bridgeport Ave. Shelton, CT 06484 Phone: 203-926-1112 Baudville 5380 52nd St. SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508 Phone: 616-698-0888 Broderbund 17 Paul Drive San Rafael, CA 94903-2101 Phone: 415492-3100 group versions, this program makes it easy for up to 16 people to review and comment on text prepared on a wide variety of MS-DOS word processors. ForComment does the work; it automatically sorts and stores all comments away from, but tied to, the original doc-ument-and passages within. This is ideal for anyone who needs documents reviewed or edited before printing. Password protection keeps comments confidential, online Help is available, and built-in word processors handle memos or short document creation. Word processor file formats supported are Bank Street Writer, BSW Plus, Microsoft Word 2.03 3.0 4.0, MultiMate 3. 3 3.6 Advantage II, Volkswriter 3 Deluxe, WordPerfect 4.1 4. 2, WordStar, Easy, Enable, Framework, Wordstar 3.314.01
2000 Professional, XYWrite Plus III, and ASCII. Once you
use this, you’ll never go back. Running Start from Spinnaker is a combination program like no other. It integrates a DOS manager and typing instructor with a word processor. Very useful for Amiga-philes who know little or nothing about MS-DOS, RS provides DOS access from within the program, concise DOS tutorials, and the ability to create application menus for users who do not want to deal with the A prompt in MS-DOS. The typing instructor runs drills, measures progress, makes reports, and guides you in speed and accuracy. 30 words per minute is the minimum stated goal. The word processor contains all fundamental features, so it is quite capable of handling small business and home correspondence needs. Online, context-sensitive Help is available. Running Start is not protected, uses pulldown menus, and does not require (or use) a mouse. Also from Spinnaker, The Resume Kit is a comprehensive, full-featured application designed to help you put your best foot forward. This unprotected title automatically formats resumes, leaving you to fill in the blanks. The onscreen templates prompt you every step of the way. Various types of resumes are supported: chronological, curriculum, vital target skill, and accomplishment. A WYSIWYG word processor with a 100,000 word spell checker is also included. As an optional service, users can send their resumes to Spinnaker for laser output. Add the calendar-based appointment scheduling feature, onscreen Help and the guide to effective resume writing, and you have a powerhouse application with real earnings potential. Type! Is a dedicated typing tutor from Broderbund. This copy protected routine, with a hard drive install option, uses drills, measures performance, and reports on progress. Type! Also makes use of Typel-Athon, a game approach to typing mastery. This option removes some of the drudgery from a pretty mundane task. Type!, as a dedicated typing utility, is more advanced than the module in Running Start. For example, it will adjust to your skill level. This makes it ideal for novices or people just brushing up after time away from a keyboard. Advanced typing tests and objectives are also supported. We’ve given you our top picks for quality, affordable MS-DOS software. Good luck exploring further on your own.? IENTIERTAINMIEN7 SWORD OF SODAN Discovery Software Amiga with 512K Three Disks; $ 49.95 Wizards must be a very patient group. Otherwise, they’d protest the number of computer games which depict magic masters as maniacs, social outcasts, tyrants, and worse. Sword of Sodan is another mage-basher, but even Merlin would have to love this enchanting arcade adventure. Few computer programs can match the lush and intricate animated graphics or brilliant music of Sword of Sodan. It probably could have been a hit coinop, and might still find its way into the arcades if the Amiga edition’s sales continue at the current record pace. Castle Craggmoor, stronghold of the evil wizard Zoras, is the warrior’s goal in Sorer Gronbech’s Sword of Sodan. The program divides the trip from the wilderness to a final confrontation with Zoras into horizontally scrolling, multiscreen segments. The fighter must battle enemies and leap over obstacles to complete a sequence and advance to the next stage of the arduous quest. Before hand-to-hand combat begins, a special screen allows the computer-ist to pick either a male or female hero. The drawings of the two characters are dramatic and alluring, though the woman looks a lot less glamorous in the game than in this preview. This may disappoint those whose taste in swords-Sword of Sodan is not software for the softhearted. Defeated foes do not die bloodlessly; slay the club-wielding giant, for example, and his severed head will roll to the floor. Women runs more to Red Sonja than Brunhilda. The hero or heroine moves and fights in response to joystick commands. The character enters each sequence at the far left of the first screen and slowly advances to the right. Although Torben Larsen’s art creates an illusion of depth, this is strictly a side view presentation. Moving the foreground images faster than the background objects, as in the forest scene, convincingly shifts perspective as the warrior inches forward toward the next peril. The character cannot move between foreground and background, but the graphics mask this limitation. Larsen’s depiction of combat doesn’t pull any punches, literally or figuratively. Foes don’t die bloodlessly and then tastefully vanish into thin air. When the club-wielding giant’s severed head rolls off his shoulders as he groans and slumps to the floor, players will know that Sword of Sodan is not software for the softhearted. The only real quibble with the visuals is that the main character moves too far to the right, outracing the scroll. It is annoying to have the warrior half off the right edge of the display, battling an unseen adversary. Atmospheric drawings bridge the gaps between interactive sequences. A full-screen illustration is followed by a narrative scroll which sets the scene for the next battle. Each portion of the quest opens in the “pause” mode. The gamer must hit the joystick to set events in motion. This prevents the enemy warriors and monsters from attacking before the player is ready to meet the assault. The hero can perform several different sword thrusts and cuts, though a greater variety of maneuvers would have made the adventure more enjoyable. Similarly, a way to use the shield with more effectiveness would have added a needed strategic element. This simplicity does have the advantage of making Sword of Sedan remarkably accessible to a broad spectrum of Amiga owners. The program even presents an onscreen tutorial for those who don’t want to bother with the slim rule-book. Learning to control the warrior is a snap, though it isn’t easy to survive spike traps, zombies, and other menaces. The character’s path is also strewn with magic potions and devices. These can kill powerful enemies instantly, provide an impenetrable defense shield, enhance the character’s strength, or increase the number of lives above the original five. The adventurer automatically collects a magic object by touching it on the screen. There are four inventory slots, shown on the left side of the display. The function key which corresponds to each inventory box activates the device inside it. These single-use items should be hoarded, like smart bombs in science fiction contests. An added complication is that all foes are not equally vulnerable to any one eldritch device. The audio is every bit as impressive as the graphics. Julien Lefay’s music fits the action perfectly, and pervasive sound effects endow the characters with substance and solidity. Sword of Sedan also uses synthetic speech better than any other Amiga game program. Admittedly, the play-action isn’t as remarkable as the audiovisual effects in Sword of Sodan. A product that good would quickly exhaust any critic’s stock of superlatives. Perhaps the sequel will be able to scale those olympian heights. Meanwhile, Sword of Sedan is great fun to play, even for those who normally aren’t rabid gamers. It looks and sounds better than any program of this type, and it belongs in every serious gainer’s collection. Discovery Software, 163 Conduit St., Annapolis, MD 21401 (phone: 301-268- 9877). Amie Katz VIRUS Rainbird Amiga with 512K Disk; $ 29.95
The media generally portrays pollution as a slow, silent
killer. But what if aliens decided to use biochemical
warfare against our still-green home-world? That is the premise of Virus, a highly unusual science fiction action game from England which Rainbird has now brought to the U.S. David Braben, coauthor of 1987’s Elite (Rainbird), shows his versatility with this visually stunning multidirectional stroller. The invaders from space are bombarding Earth with a red virus which pollutes the landscape and fosters mutations. It is up to the player, as captain of the hottest new hoverplane, to destroy the attackers and blunt their deadly threat. The pyramidal hoverplane responds to orders entered through the mouse or keyboard. With the mouse, the left button ignites the engine, while the right one activates the laser cannon. The “M” key launches one of the ship’s limited stock of three homing missiles. The program awards an extra one for every 5000 points scored. This is a powerful weapon, but it is only effective at close range. A system based on the thrust-fire principle determines the ship’s flight. Firing the engine propels the ship in the opposite direction. The longer the engine works, the faster the hoverplane travels. The hoverplane continues to move in a given direction, subject to the tug of gravity, until additional thrust is applied. As the computerist repeatedly fires the engine, steering becomes increasingly complex due to the multiple vectors. A proficient Virus player needs a delicate touch to avoid crashing the craft into the ground below. The contoured, three-dimensional landscape, which looks like a multicolored patchwork quilt, is the most striking feature of Virus. The visuals are so distinctive that it would be impossible to confuse this omnidirectional scrolling shootout with any other computer game. Virus also makes excellent use of sound effects. For example, the player hears the lapping of waves when the hoverplane flies over water. Another nice use of sound is the characteristic noises made by some alien ships. A “whoosh” means a bomber is getting close, while a twittering noise signals the imminent arrival of a Pest. The core of the alient assault is its fleet of Seeders, which look like blue flying saucers. These spaceships can spray the red virus from the air, or they can land to infect the entire area around the site. Shooting one down is worth 100 points, while blasting it on the ground counts for only half as much. The red and brown Drones harass the player’s ship and try to disrupt its defense mission. Fortunately, it doesn’t shoot with great accuracy and its engine cannot generate as much thrust as the hoverplane. When an ordinary Drone shoots a tree at close range, it can mutate into a more powerful red and purple Drone. Their engines are still more puny than the Hoverplane’s power plant, but their marksmanship is much better. Bombers fly straight at high altitude and drop parachute bombs. They automatically detonate if the hovercraft flies too close, or they explode on impact with the ground. Magenta and yellow Pests always head right for the Hoverplane. A fighter can shoot as often as the Hoverplane and is especially tough to destroy. It requires two hits with the laser cannon or one homing missile to dispatch these nasties. Attractors are a double threat. They shoot fireballs at the ground and drain the energy from the Hoverplane if it approaches too close. A window in the upper left corner of the screen shows a strategic overview. Each type of enemy is symbolized by a colored blip. After locating an alien on the strategic map, the computerist can pilot the Hoverplane toward it at top speed. When the foe appears on the main display, applying reverse thrust slows the ship to increase maneuverability during the actual dogfight. Virus is one of the few action combat games which does not give an overwhelming advantage to the competitor with the quickest reflexes. It is a subtle and visually satisfying contest. Rainbird, P.O. Box 2227, Menlo Park, CA 94026 (phone: 415-322-0412). Amie Katz & Joyce Worley WARLOCK Three-Sixty Amiga with 512K Disk; $ 34.95 The gamer assumes the role of warlock in a world of swords and sorcery in this 20-level contest. The scepter-wielding mage must face a bevy of nasties who occupy this deathtrap for the unwary, as the gamer explores a medieval castle and environs. Warlock uses a tried and true story. The Kama, a magical jewel that bestows infinite power on its possessor, has been stolen, plunging the entire medieval world into jeopardy. It’s a dirty job, but someone’s got to descend into the clammy world to recover the goodies. The heroic gamer needs few qualifications for this quest, beyond a sure trigger finger. But it’s an arcade-style action festival for quick shooters as they manipulate the little wizard through 20 levels, armed with a scepter that fires lightning bolts. It’s a rollicking romp filled with plagued rats, bats, dragons, henchmen, flying monkeys, and a fireball-tossing magician. A few magical items found along the way assist in the search. The old-hat story is enlivened by graphics that turn a tired tale into an interesting trip. Half of the screen is dominated by a horizontally scrolling display which shows two parallel levels. The tiny though intricate characters are seen in two-thirds perspective as the warlock moves across the screen. There are frequent access points between the two levels, and the wizard is easily manipulated using joystick or keyboard control. He can walk left, right, jump up, and move freely between the levels, using staircases, elevator shafts, and other accesses. Monsters are colorful and varied. Zombies, blobs, ghosts, ghouls, spiders, vampire bats, and more attack from every side. The warlock gains points for each one he destroys, but there’s always more of the dungeon dreadfuls just ahead. Above the playfield are current and high scores, and meters which measure the warlock’s Vitality, Armor, and Power Points. Each time the warlock is hit by an enemy, his vitality level drops. When it reaches zero the little wiz wanes. Killing an enemy increases the score, and sometimes gains a treasure. Each treasure adds Power, Armor, or Vitality points. There are three difficulty levels. The easiest setting starts a Lesser wizard with 5000 Vitality Points and 4000 Power Points. The most difficult setting starts the gamer with only 2000 Vitality Points and 2000 Power Points. The charmingly drawn landscapes are varied and, sometimes, quite unusual. But the real show belongs to the spunky little mage dressed in cape and cowl, scurrying along, carrying his wand. The enemies are equally attractive in looks, if not demeanor. Flying cats, ghosts, and a wide assortment of unfriendlies, including fire-breathers and ghoulish gobblers, keep the warlock on his toes. One extra element adds a delightful sense of unreality. A small window which flanks the scoreboard pictures the next monster that’s approaching. This clairvoyant look at the fiiture helps the wiz ready his defense. Warlock was created by the French software consortium Infogrames from a design by O. Simmer. The Amiga version was done by P. Degenne, and the team effort produced a game with offbeat and refreshing visuals, sparked by notable sound effects that add auditory chills to the gaming thrills. The story isn’t much, and the action isn’t even that unusual. But it all adds up to a pleasant diversion that will keep the joysticker trying and trying again to defeat the incarnate evil at the earth’s core, regain the magical jewel, and save the world. Three-Sixty, 2105 S. Bascom Ave., Suite 290, Campbell, CA 95008 (phone: 408-879-9144). Joyce Worley HYBRIS Discovery Software Amiga with 512K Disk; $ 39.95 In the entertainment software business, companies are always rising and felling. Established publishers falter when they lose the ability to respond to changes in the public’s taste, and new outfits leap into the gaps left by the ones which fall by the wayside. Discovery Software has only produced computer games for about a year, but president Rick Ross has led the IBI: ENTERTHIHMENtlilPf East Coast publisher to its current position as a rising star of the software field. Like many fledgling publishers, Discovery’s products still exhibit a very pronounced house style. Greater diversity and new directions undoubtedly lie in the company’s future, but today’s Discovery titles are firmly rooted in the coin-op world. Whether they are actual translations of play-for-pay machines like Arkanoid, or original designs such as Sword of Sodan, Discovery’s games feature outstanding play-action, beautiful graphics, and rich musical scores. They unfailingly include such right-from-the-arcade frills as vanity boards and attract modes. If this company’s games had coin slots, they’d be ready for the amusement centers with few or no modifications. Hybris is a good example of the quality of Discovery’s software. This multiphase science fiction action game looks and sounds great, and it plays every bit as well. The coin-op connection isn’t all good. There are differences between the amusement center and home environments which the design does not take into account. In trying to give it the authentic feel of an arcade machine, the design team has failed to fully consider the needs of computer gamers. For one thing, Hybris may be too tough. The typical coin-op machine attempts to capture the customer’s quarter in about 20 seconds. Computer games don’t need to operate under this Next month's game reviews: • TV Sports Football • California Games • Aussie Joker Poker • Captain Blood • Tower Toppler • Space School Simulator ElEHTERTfllHMENTiaiCI constraint, but
Hybris does anyway. Multiphase coin-ops often present enemies and obstacles in the same sequence. As the player memorizes the screen configurations, scores automatically rise. For home games, it is probably better if the program randomizes enemies prior to each round, because it improves longterm replayability. The armchair pilot uses the joystick to control a heavily armed ship. The craft cruises up the display and battles mobile and stationary enemies on the vertically scrolling playfield. Many gamers will find Hybris difficult to play. The game is programmed to wipe the contestant out early, much like a coin-op machine. The pilot must complete all three multilevel screens without expending his ship’s three lives. To win, the pilot must complete all three multiscreen levels before expending the ship’s three precious lives. The mission starts with a raid against land-based strongpoints which are protected by waves of interceptors. The second phase adds enemy guns that can hide beneath the waves until the ship flies within range. The final section is an op-art nightmare in which showers of pesky defenders explode across the playfield with blinding speed. The player starts with a twin laser cannon as the main weapon. The ship can transform into six progressively more destructive configurations to deal with the hostile gun batteries and fighter squadrons. Power capsules periodically move into view on the screen. Shooting one gives the ship enough energy to transform to a deadlier state. WARLOCK Warlock’s plot is a tried and true one a jewel that bestows infinite power on its possessor has been stolen, plunging the medieval world into peril. The gamer must recover the gem. The story is enlivened by graphics that turn a tired tale into an interesting trip. The ship can also wipe the screen blank at the touch of the space bar with a smart bomb. The player receives only three bombs per life, so they must be saved for the most extreme situations. Besides enemy aircraft and gun emplacements, the ship also fights several huge aliens. They constantly launch screening fighters, so it takes a combination of accurate shooting and timely detonation of smart bombs to send the deadly giants scurrying for cover. Played at the default setting, Hybris could overwhelm less skillful gamers. An option menu, reached by hitting the space bar prior to the start of play, lets the user pick the number of lives, change the frequency and speed of hostile fire, make power capsules appear at shorter or longer intervals, and adjust the length of time the ship remains in a transformed state. State-of-the-art execution is the key to Hybris. Certainly the theme will never win any prizes for originality. It is basically one more flying gun blasting through waves of alien defenders. So, Hybris isn’t anything special, until it boots. Then this scrolling shootout’s frantic pace, high degree of difficulty, and excellent illustrations and stirring musical score work their magic. Hybris is definitely one of the reasons you bought a joystick for your Amiga. Discovery Software, 163 Conduit St., Annapolis, MD 21401 (phone: 301-268- 9877). Amie Katz & Bill Kunkel msviiEws? PHOTOS: MICHAEL R. DAVILA Dr. Irs HIM Retarding Smio i 1 1 CD CD l±J I § KEOQKB STOP PAUSE FMY 1 ¦ ™ Cnpppifliit § 1988 ty Ettile Iofetrfeld CUE FMM: 14 4 CUE TO: end 4 4 Oetaw Select Eight blocks at the top of the MRS screen represent the eight tracks you'll record on. MIDI RECORDING STUDIO Dr. T's Music Software Amiga with 512K Price: $ 69.95 Dr. T’s is perhaps the leading publisher of music software for personal computers. Its flagship sequencer program, KCS, is full-featured, but perhaps too complex for the first-time user. To address this market, Dr. T’s has come out with a “stripped down” version of KCS called MIDI Recording Studio which retails for $ 69.95. Despite this low price, the program contains all the features the amateur musician would need in a sequencer. MRS acts as an electronic eight track tape deck into which you feed the MIDI output of your synthesizer (via a MIDI interface plugged into the serial port of the Amiga). You also have the ability to enter notes with the computer keyboard. For those beginners who think MIDI may be an expensive proposition, think again! You can get a nice MIDI capable synthesizer for under $ 180 (the Yamaha PSS-480), and the MIDI interface is available from a number of suppliers for about $ 50.00. Thus, for around $ 300, you and your Amiga are ready to doodle. When you boot up the program, you will be viewing the first of the two primary displays the play record screen. The top portion contains eight rectangles, one for each of the eight tracks, and they contain the name of the track as well as their status (play, record, or muted). Below the track display are a number of buttons which can be activated by clicking on them with the mouse. They are similar to buttons on an actual tape deck and allow you to record, play back, and pause the sequencer. This screen also shows the tempo and current measure, and has a section to index and mark any portion of the recorded sequence for looping. At the bottom is a graphic representation of a piano keyboard where you can select the octave of the sounds that will be played when you press the keys. In its default mode, MRS sits patiently waiting for you to begin playing. As soon as you press a key, the sequencer starts recording and the internal metronome clicks. If you want to start over, just click on the rerecord button. Once you have finished recording, press the play button to hear your masterpiece. At this point, MRS automatically switches to the next unrecorded track, playing all previously recorded tracks over and over. When you begin to play, MRS starts recording again allowing you to accompany yourself. The length of track one, however, determines the length of all other tracks. At any time during playback you can turn on and off any of the eight tracks. To make changes to your composition, you click on the “EDIT” button and the second basic display, the Edit Screen, will appear. The numbers at. I*: _! M chTtv?[won: Ivajtiff jfft.1 Kara; 8 liars 5464 Copy track to Track Delete track Sûit Clear all tracks Play Record Load Sacs Set Options Sounds Colors NeeCLI HorkBench l 1 «7t8 k [Transpose Auto Insert Adjust Cut Copy Paste Delete Erase Click on a track at bottom right of edit screen, and MIDI events will be displayed on left half in standard sequencer form. The bottom right designate the tracks you have recorded, and you can click on any of them to select the track you want to edit. Once a track is selected, the MIDI events will be displayed on the left half of the screen in standard sequencer form. Each line will represent an event (such as note on, program change, etc.), and indicates when the event begins, its duration, the type of event, and the event itself. For example, a line reading “1-1 1 0 OM C2 126 16” indicates that the first MIDI event on the track is the note C (in the second octave) being played on the first beat of the first measure for 16 timing steps. Now by scrolling and clicking on events, you can change, add, or delete any single event or groups of events. Modifications to pitch, timing, duration, and MIDI channel are simple to make. You can also easily insert program change events which tell your synthesizer to change the instrument it is sounding. MRS has a nice auto-correct, or quantizing, feature which lets you shift the notes on a track so they will all start on a user-designated point (such as an eighth note position). Similarly, you can round off all of your notes to the nearest value you select. MRS also lets you cut, copy, and paste MIDI events with the mouse, just like in a word processor. For more advanced users, you can compress and expand sections of your work, rearrange them in reverse time order, and split a single track into two tracks. A number of options can be accessed by clicking on the word “Options” in the Edit Screen. Here you can decide whether to use the program’s internal timing clock or that of your synthesizer. You can also select a counting beat (which automatically starts the recording after a defined number of metronome beats). You also have the ability to set and control the timing resolution of the sequencer. If you click on the “Sounds” option, a new window will open and permit you to load up to 16 digitized IFF sound files from disk, either individually or in banks. These can be either instruments or sound effects. Since the program looks for files with the extension “.snd”, you must manually add this extension to any standard IFF 8SVX sound sample you want to use. Each of the sounds can be assigned to a separate MIDI channel, and those sounds will play any time a note is sent over the MIDI channel assigned to that sound. Remember, though, that the Amiga can play no more than four sound channels simultaneously, and the metronome is one of them. The 80 page manual is both thorough and understandable and contains useful MIDI programming information as well as a short tutorial chapter. All of the compositions created on MRS can be saved in a format compatible with Dr. T’s full-featured sequencer, KCS. And when you have outgrown MRS, you can trade it in for KCS and pay only the price difference between the two programs. While MRS lacks the bells and whistles of other sequencers on the market, it was clearly designed and priced as a tool for the beginner. What it does lack is the ability to record more than one eight track sequence and combine them into songs, a punch in punch out feature, step time recording, and track merge. Despite its simplicity, however, it has sufficient features and capabilities to make it quite useful and productive for amateur musicians, and I would certainly recommend it as an introductory music sequencer package. Dr. T’s Music Software, 220 Boylston Street, Suite 206, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167 (phone: 617-244-6954). Steve King Circle 288 on Reader Service Card THE SECURITIES ANALYST V. 1.2 Free Spirit Software Amiga with 512K Two disks; $ 79.95 It takes two to tango, the old saying goes. In business, that usually means competition “tango” referring to a features and or price war between various products. In this instance, it means the introduction of The Securities Analyst (7X4) to battle Investor’s Advantage 2.0 by Software Advantage Consulting. Both are aimed at Amigaphiles concerned with stock market analysis. The Basics TSA is a two-disk unprotected program that supports pulldown menus and a mouse. It also has an adequate number of keyboard command equivalents. Nothing exceptional so far and unfortunately, that’s the way it stays. The second disk, a DataDisk for work usage, has sample data for Delta Airlines, Coca-Cola, AT&T, and others. A readme file just about rounds out the offerings. A slim, typo-prevalent manual runs through the entire program’s operation in a mere seven pages-with one page devoted to disk access procedures! The balance, approximately 21 pages, discusses technical analysis theory, includes the publisher’s liability disclaimer, and sports a brief reference list of suggested reading. The theory section includes a good number of graphs, with explanatory annotations. Though a bit messy on the more involved graphs, the overall result is satisfactory. By taking the time to understand these illustrations, you will be able to interpret the program’s graphs and make proper buy sell decisions. This section is the closest thing to a tutorial you get, so you had better pay attention! Features The Securities Analyst was designed for the individual investor, not institutions investing megabuck pension funds. TSA works by the week; that is, weekly activities are tracked and analyzed, to help overcome the roller coaster ride of daily fluctuations. It is much easier to work with, and to make decisions based on the trends which are TSA’s stock in trade. Ten different types of analyses can be performed, singly or in conjunction with one another. They are moving average, accumulation distribution, relative strength, performance, point & figure, and trailing stops. The balance includes stock charts, momentum, price earnings analysis, and performance analysis (different from the prior performance). Options & Operation The menus, and for the most part, command key combinations, allow you to load data, append data to a stock file already in memory, and save files in.STK or ASCH formats. Only one stock can be analyzed at a time. Close, low, high, and other data can be edited. Existing entries can be modified; additional data can be inserted before or after specific records; and new entries can be added. Entries can also be shown one at a time, or deleted one at a time. TSA also allows printouts or screen displays of all records (entries) for a stock. The name and comments associated with a particular issue can be changed at any time. The Graph menu consists of five options, single or multiple graph print or display and total analysis. Up to four graphs can be viewed or printed, each one occupying a quadrant on screen or paper. The total analysis performs and prints the results of every analytic method in the package. As the manual warns, this process takes approximately 35 minutes (!) Due to the printer drivers in Workbench 1.2. (The manual hints that this will improve with 1. 3, but does not offer any indication of the performance
increase that should be expected.) The actual graphs are produced by choosing options under the Choice menu, after a Graphs menu option has been selected. Somewhat convoluted, but the graph display speed, accuracy, and legibility make up for this Rube Goldberg triggering mechanism. A Color option under the Miscellaneous) menu allows you to toggle between black & white and color. This not only affects the screen output, but has a direct bearing on the clarity and resolution of hard copy output. (TSA recommends a high resolution, 24 pin printer such as the Epson LQ-1000 because they can accurately produce the needed gray scales.) Operationally speaking, TSA is generally robust. Spurious keystrokes do not kill or damage this program. Turning off the printer during a graphing session, however, proved to be too much. The DOS printer trouble gadget box appeared (several times). Turning the printer back on caused the output to finish as garbage. In the end, the program crashed to the Workbench screen. Speaking of Workbench, TSA does not support user adjustable windows or front back gadgets. In other words, it circumvents the Amiga’s multitasking convention. Most back issues of AmigaUser are available for $ 4.50 each. See page 57. Mumbo Jumbo Made Clear Here’s a rundown of the more important common analytic methods employed in TSA. A moving average produces a trendline which shows the direction a particular stock is taking over time. Moving averages are produced by dropping the first figure used to calculate the average and adding a new figure in its place. For instance, a nine week average would include nine figures, one each from weeks 1 through 9. The next moving average in the series would still include nine figures, but they would be from weeks 2 through 10, and so on. A point and figure analysis substitutes upward and downward moverpent symbols for the actual fluctuations. These symbols represent a scale of dollars (called points). This ratio scaling compresses or deemphasizes wild fluctuations, again leading to a simplified trend which makes rough-cut analysis a viable reality. Trailing stops are points (or dollar values) where an order is automatically given to buy or sell a particular stock. Once the stock reaches, and then breaks, that point barrier (including an offset or grace point spread), the buy sell recommendation is issued. When viewing an entry list onscreen, there is no way to interrupt the process. You must view the entire list, even if the third entry is the one you were after. Whatever happened to convenience, not to mention common sense? Another example of poor execution comes to light when editing data entries. Let’s say you mistakenly elect to add (insert) an entry after existing entry number 7. Once the gadget box appears, the Cancel command will not function until you enter values in all the fields! So you have to complete the incorrect entry, and then delete it in a separate operation. This inability to cancel at any stage also applies to the other edit variations such as enter (new) or modify (existing). To go back a step, you now have an incorrect, unwanted entry that needs to be deleted. So, naturally, you select delete. But unlike the other options under edit, the entry to be deleted is not In performance analysis, TSA works on a percentage change basis, instead of actual point (dollar) changes, as the percentage basis is a better indicator or gauge. Volatility of an issue is also factored into the equation via the coefficient of variability calculation. Accumulation distribution ratios clock public interest in a stock through the following equation: (Close — Opening High-Low) * Volume. Again, this is another method of developing trends. The momentum analysis takes a theoretical leaf from physics in that it attempts to predict when a stock’s momentum (dollar or point change) reaches zero. At this time, the theory goes, the stock is set for a change in direction. If the momentum has been upward, then it is set to fell once its momentum reaches zero, and vice versa. Relative strength is just a measure of a stock’s performance against the market, or a particular indicator chosen to represent the market. The Price Earnings analysis (P E ratio) is one of the most common benchmarks. It is derived by dividing the stock’s price by its earning per share. A low P E indicates an undervalued stock; a high P E indicates an overvalued stock. Displayed (for verification). A dialog box “Delete entry y n?” appears. You have to have a) remembered the record number, b) used the show command and remembered the record number, c) displayed the entire list onscreen, or d) printed the entire list. Time to Tango The Securities Analyst is a less than stellar first attempt. When compared to Investor’s Advantage, there’s really no comparison. TSA cannot download quotes from online services, nor can it manage multiple portfolios. Why, TSA can’t even handle a single portfolio! TSA also pales in the analysis arena. Don’t bother with this one. If you need an investment analysis package, pick up Investor’s Advantage. Free Spirit Software, Inc., RO. Box 128, 58 Noble Street, Kutztown, PA 19530 (phone: 215-683-5609). Ted Salamone Circle 289 on Reader Service Card FANTAVISION Broderbund Software Amiga with 512K Disk; $ 59.95 We have come to associate the Amiga, probably more than any other computer, with graphics, video, and animation. It has incredible capabilities and lots of third party support. Unfortunately, some graphics and animation software has traded improved features for a learning curve that looks like a graph of X=l. Rmtavision takes exactly the opposite approach. It doesn’t have every bell and whistle you could ever imagine, but it will have you producing simple animations within an hour of opening the box. Actually, if you are comfortable with your Amiga, Fantavision’s two-page quick start card will lead you through your first animation in about 10 minutes. Couple Fantavision with a paint program for backgrounds and you can produce stunning animations complete with sound. Don’t get the idea that Fantavision is for weenies. One of my local TV stations uses it regularly because it enables them to create an effect without hours of painstaking work. Fantavision may not be the best tool if you want to win a killer demo contest, but it is clearly useful for both professionals and hobbyists. The real power of Fantavision lies in its ability to “tween” or generate “in between” frames. Draw a circle in the upper left comer of the screen. For the next frame, put a square in the lower right. Fantavision will create up to 128 frames to slowly metamorphize your circle into a square as it moves diagonally across the screen. However, you cannot specify a curved path for an object to move along between frames. Fantavision can also loop the end of your animation to the beginning, so the square will zip right back into a circle and can even fade the object through a series of colors. Fantavision allows you to work with only 32 colors at a time. It supplies you with 37 palettes (with many patterns) of 32 colors each. That’s 1184 colors, but you can also modify a palette to gain access to any of the Amiga’s 4096 colors. You can select any one of eight different screen sizes from 320 x 200 to 672 x 444 but when you kick the display into hires format, the display collapses to the upper left quarter of the screen. And you can pick one of six color combinations-HAM, 32, 16, 8, 4, and 2 (but not halfbrite). For those of you who like to videotape your work, Fantavision supports oversoar. Fantavision has a number of settings that are limited by the amount of RAM in your machine. The maximum number of different objects you can create in a single frame is set to a default limit of 16, but you can enter a number up to 999. Likewise, the maximum number of points that define an object’s online defaults to 64 but can be set up to 999. You can also separately set the number of points in a circle. When it comes time to play your animation, you set the number of “tweens” that Fantavision will generate between each pair of frames you created (with a default of 16 and a maximum of 999). And you control the speed at which BUILD YOUR OWN HARD DRIVE KITS DR. OXIDE SLICES PRICES! Comp-U-Save’s cost-cutting clinician is at it again! This month Dr. Oxide, a bargain-basement surgeon if ever there was one, offers the industry’s lowest prices on hardware and software, plus special deals on products available only through Comp-U-Save! Buying from just any mail order house can be hazardous to your fiscal health. Let Dr. Oxide cut you in on these super Comp-U-Save sales! Come See Dr. Oxide in Our Booth At ALL World of Commodore Shows! TONS OF C-64, C-128 & AMIGA SOFTWARE & HARDWARE!!! 5'A" powered hard drive chassis with fan 3Vs" powered hard drive chassis with fan only $ 120.00 each 1000 or 500 SCSI interfaces with passthru and software for $ 145.00 All you need is a SCSI hard drive and you’re ready to Rock and Roll! Call for SCSI hard drive prices AMIGA PUBLIC DOMAIN Largest Amiga PD Library in the World also C-64 & C-128 Write for Free Catalogue Over 600 Amiga PD Disks $ 4.00 each BUSEXPANDER FROM BILL’S BOARDS The only board for the Amiga 500 or 1000 that expands either machine to 12 slots! Fits in any baby AT case and provides 6 slots lor the 2000, 6 for the PC (4 of those for the AT). Now you can use most of the expansion cards des gned for the 2000-hard disk controllers. 274 0 meg RAM cards, A2088 Bridgeboard. Etc. Use low cost IBM-compatible expansion cards already supporting a wide range of business and scientific applications. Designed to work with auto configurable cards. Meets ZorroBus and Amiga 2000 Bus electrical specifications. Available exclusively through Comp-U-Save! 12 Slots for your 500 1000! Price: $ 495 Amiga Hard Drives 500-1000-2000 20 Meg $ 585.00 32Meg-$ 699.99 48 Meg-$ 799.99 Amiga External Drive $ 137.99 Only Uses Half the Power of 1010-with Pass Thru Disk Drive & Monitor Extension Cables 30” $ 19.99 Panasonic WVI410 Video Cameras For Digitizers $ 199.99 16MM Lens $ 25.00 Special 2400 Baud Modem $ 154.00 Comp-U-Save 410 Maple Avenue Westbury, NY 11590 In NY State (516) 997-6707 (Tech Support) Outside NY State (800) 356-9997 (Orders Only) Fax (516) 334-3091 *
Trackball...$ 45.00 * Plastic Diskbank (Holds 120 35 in. Disks) $ 16.99 * Copy Arm (Heavy Duty)....$ 29.99 * Mouse Mat (Fabric) $ 5.00 * Mouse Mat (Teflon) .$ 11.00 * Gender Changers — All Types Call * Static Mat (23.5 x 25.5 in.) $ 24.00 * Rapid Fire Joysticks ...$ 12.00 * Printer Buffer (32K-512K).... Call * RF Modulator...$ 14.99 * A B Switch (Ser.) ....$ 13.99 * A 8 Switch (Par.) ....$ 14.99 * A 8 D E Swtich.'.....$ 29.99 * Crossover Box.$ 39.99 * Cables 500-1000 — 2000...... Call * Teak Diskbank (holds 150 3.5 in. Disks) $ 39.99 * Teak Diskbank (holds 200 5.25 in. Disks)..$ 39.99 * The Library (holds 80 3.5 in. Disks) $ 19.99 * Floppy Wallets (Many Sizes).Call * 3.5 in. DS DD Disks (Bulk)...$ 1.10 ea. * 5.25 in. DS DD Disks (Bulk)..$.39 ea. * Books All Titles 20% Oft.... Call * Memory 512K-8 Megs .. Call CALL
FOR DETAILS? = REVIEWS a 0 frames are displaced anywhere ffom
14 to 4 times the normal speed. Although Rintavision is strictly 2D, it has a few effects that can give your animations a 3D feel. You can turn an object around its center, flip, flatten, or stretch it on the plane of the monitor no big deal. But you can also rotate an object or lean it either horizontally or vertically. There is no shading to support these effects, but you do get a feel of perspective. When you’re ready to create objects for your first frame, you can make rectangles or circles, or draw closed objects with a series of straight lines. Smooth curves are not easy to do, and objects must be closed outlines. As you’re drawing with a series of straight lines, right clicks will erase those lines one at a time. Using the default tool, you can select and edit objects. While editing an object, you can select any point that defines die object’s shape and drag that point in or out. You can also insert or delete points to reshape a completed object. When several objects overlap, front back gadgets let you get to fee one you need to edit. As you build a frame, new objects are numbered in fee order created. Simple options let you replace any object wife another, make changes to an object and have those changes replicated in all other frames, and draw objects as solids, outlines, or a series of dots. You can turn an object into a bitmap or background, and even specify a whole screen as a brush; but bitmapped brushes used in animations cannot be rotated, leaned, or squashed. Other options allow you to modify a palette and use it in other frames to cycle an object through the various colors in a palette, and to leave an afterimage or a flashing effect as an object moves. RENTING SOFTWARE ISN’T HARD! It's as easy as picking up the phone and giving your order. If you have a credit card, it's even easier. The hardest part may be waiting for the mail to come! We're having a special sale, with up to 80% off selected software. Call now for a complete list. Including text is no problem. You can select a font in normal, bold, italic, or underline, and specify justification within a box. During an animation, text maintains its original characteristics while the text box changes size and shape. I found that for some of the effects I wanted to create I couldn’t use text, but had to draw my own letters as objects. Call toll-free outside Texas: 1 800 433-2938 Inside Texas call: 81 7 292-7396 WEDGWOOD RENTAL 5316 Woodway Drive Fort Worth. Texas 76133 When you have a frame all set to go, you can continue with a new blank frame or by cloning (copying) fee frame you just finished. Working with a clone is great. Grab objects, resize, move, and edit them, and you’re in business. If you want to see how your new frame compares to fee previous one, Fantavision has an overlay option feat will display the first frame as a non-editable backdrop to the second. By manipulating a slider, you can select any frame you’ve created, or step through a series of frames. Still, you’ll have to play your animation to check things out. Say, for example, that you want to move a blue box across fee screen. If the four comers of the box (1-2-3-4) in fee first frame get reversed (3-4-1-2) in fee second, your box will go through a strange transformation in the “tween” frames. When you’ve designed all your frames, you’ll be able to link them sequentially or select groups of frames to loop through a specified number of times. Once your animation is just right, you can save it on a disk with fee Fantapl er program so you can share your creation with your friends. Fantaplayer even supports scripts so you can play a sequence of movies — controlling speed, repeats, palettes, etc. Sounds are added to individual Fantavision frames. You select a digitized sound from a disk and then set the volume, balance, pitch, duration, echo, and sustain. Fantavision comes with a set of 19 sounds, but you’re free to use any digitized sound in the 8SUX IFF format. Because sounds can also be modified between frames, you can use a small number of sounds (and save RAM), while creating a varied soundtrack. Fantavision’s user interface offers just what I look for. Most of the menu commands and mouse movements have keyboard equivalents. Though the mouse is more intuitive, the keyboard can be faster. When working on a frame, the window bar and four windows may be a distraction. So Fantavision lets you remove any or all of them or reposition the windows. There’s also an “expert edit” option feat will constantly display the current frame number, the number of objects on your screen, and the number of tweens per frame. Fantavision’s documentation is at once a strength and a weakness. The 63-page manual helps you to become a competent Fantavision animator quickly. But progressing to fee expert level will require experimentation and some head scratching, because some detail is missing. Be sure to check the DOC files on fee disk for late additions. Fantavision is a perfect program if you are an amateur who wants to experiment with Amiga animation or if you need to knock out quick animations. Its lack of advanced features is exactly what makes it useful for most of us casual users. Broderbund Software, 17 Paul Drive, San Rafael, CA 94903-2101 (phone: 415- 492-3200). Richard Herring Circle 298 on Reader Service Card Circle 295 on Reader Service Card... AmigaUser 47 Now For The Amiga! Are you tired of fumbling under or behind your computer to swap your mouse and joystick cables? Are your cable and computer connectors worn out from all the plugging and unplugging? Then Mouse Master is a must for you! A AS-American • •• s (602) 322-6100 H t Practical Solution ® 135 N. Jones Blvd.,
Tucson, AZ 85716 Circle 294 on Reader Service Card Store
Vour Collection Neatly and Conveniently with i migaL£er
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slipcases will be the pride of your computer bookshelf. To order, send $ 15.50 (US funds) for each binder or $ 13.50 for each slipcase to: AmigaUser Binders Slipcases Ion International Inc. 45 W. 34th St.-Suite 500 New York, NY 10001 (Outside Continental US add $ 2.50 per binder slipcase. Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery.) It's true, our Consumer Information Catalog is filled with booklets that can answer the questions American consumers ask most. To satisfy every appetite, the Consumer Information Center puts together this helpful Catalog quarterly containing more than 200 federal publications you can order. It's free, and so are almost half of the booklets it lists. Subjects like nutrition, money management, health and federal benefits help you make the right choices and decisions. So get a slice of American opportunity. Write today for your free Catalog: Consumer Information Center Department AP Pueblo, Colorado 81009 A public service of this publication and the Consumer Information Center of the U S General Services Administration IB IFI. Q7SAMI ami Send your comments on any aspect of Amiga computing to Flotsam, do AmigaUser, Ion International Inc., 45 West 34th Street-Suite 500, New York, NY 10001. Only letters that are typed and double spaced will be considered for inclusion. I enjoy reading your magazine and think it’s great. I hope that you can answer one question for me concerning the Amiga. I know that there is a lot of piracy going on, but there are some of us who like to keep backups for our own personal use and financial protection, especially considering that some of the better Amiga programs go for $ 100 or more apiece. Are there any copy programs out there for the Amiga that can copy both protected and unprotected software effectively? Could you please tell me some of the better ones? Thanks for your time, and keep up the excellent work in AmigaUser! Kenny Toomey Harrison, TN Most honest computer users feel the same way you do. It’s a shame that the bad eggs have forced software companies to put heavy copy protection on their titles. Many companies have realized the necessity of backing up your investment, and have removed all forms of copy protection, or have turned to the software manual or spin-wheel formats. Two of the most popular and most highly recommended copiers available are Marauder II by Discovery Software International and Project D by Fuller Computer Systems. Remember that each of these programs will copy only certain programs and not others. As new titles are introduced, new parameter disks will become available from the copy program manufacturers. These parameter disks will allow you to copy the new releases. I would like to start out by saying that I’m glad AmigaUser is now on a monthly basis. I’ve had difficulty obtaining your magazine on several occasions, and now realize it was due to your irregular publication schedule (first quarterly, then eight times a year). Having missed the previous two issues, I was pleasantly surprised when a friend of mine gave me your January ’89 issue during the Christmas holidays. When I finally had the time to sit down and go through it, I started at the beginning and progressed through the articles and ads sequentially, something I rarely have the time to do. When I finally arrived at the Art Gallery, I was astounded when my eyes fell upon one of my pictures. Quite a nice surprise over the holiday season. And then to find out that I would receive a year’s subscription. You guys think of everything! Roger McVey Phoenix, AZ I have heard a lot about Kickstart 1.3, Workbench 1.3, and AmigaDOS 1.3. What are the differences and advantages of 1.3? When will these be available (if not already), and where can I get my hands on them? And when will the DOS manual for 1.3 be available? — Darren Evenson Holmen, WI All three have been available since the latter part of November 1988. You can purchase them from most Amiga dealers for about $ 29.95. The software package comprising three disks and a manual is entitled “Enhancer Software” (serial number A5211). The new enhancements that have been made include a new operating system that will allow the Amiga to boot automatically from a hard disk drive; new printer drivers that allow for faster printing and for more printers; a recoverable RAM drive; additional fonts for text; a new hard disk fast file system; and a new math library that allows for faster calculations and use of the 68881 Math Coprocessor chip. If you own any Amiga other than the AI000 and want to upgrade your ROM to Kickstart 1.3, you will have to bring the machine to an authorized Commodore Amiga service center for installation. After five days’ experience with my new Amiga 2000, it has become painfully obvious why IBM is and will always be the leader in serious computing. On the first day after Christmas my son loaded a fresh out of the package, straight from the factory, program into the Workbench prompt. The message that came forth was, “Your Amiga is alive and well and it has been infected by a virus by? Other disks may be infected.” As a result, we are out at least $ 50.00 for the program, and we still haven’t determined how many other programs were infected. When I called the company in Canada, they simply treated it as a prank and advised me it could not happen on a factory disk. On the fourth day after Christmas my son followed the instructions on the printed data which comes with Battle Chess and proceeded to load the program into our brand new $ 900 Great Valley Products hard drive. Unfortunately, after spending the second and third day after Christmas loading other applications programs into the hard drive successfully, as you have probably guessed, Battle Chess wiped out all the work that went into our hard drive. I currently own three IBM format computers which I use daily in my office, and have never encountered a problem as potentially financially devastating as what I experienced in less than five days with the Amiga. Why are the manufacturers and distributors of these software packages, who scream don’t copy, not taking seriously the problems which are affecting their products and doing something to protect the consumer? The threat to the manufacturers is from within, not from the end user. Mine has been an expensive, time consuming, and frustrating experience which has taken away the joy of a computer with fantastic potential. The manufacturers may one day take seriously the problems associated with product liability, but Amiga will never compete on the level of a professional product for producing serious results while malignant hackers are able to cause such a degree of damage.
— Miles A. Price Coral Gables, FL I am considering the purchase
of an A501 internal RAM expansion module for my Amiga 500. It
is my understanding that some programs will not run with
expansion memory present. Do you know of any switchable
internal expansion modules or software fixes, such as the
INT-SWITCH available in England through George Thompson
Services? Any information about such hardware or software
would be greatly appreciated. Arnold H. Szpom, M.D. Teaneck, NJ It is true that some software products will not operate if the A50I RAM expansion module is installed in the Amiga 500. We have found that most of the software that is manufactured in the US will work with the A501. However, titles imported from the UK and other countries sometimes encounter difficulties if any RAM expansion module is installed. Also, many titles that were created before the A500 was introduced may run into problems. If you do encounter an incompatibility problem with the module, you can normally bypass it by running the NoFast-Mem program found in the System dmw on your Workbench disk. If you are hesitant to buy the A501, you should set aside your fears. Hie advantages of owning a RAM expansion module greatly overwhelm the very few disadvantages of owning one. I enjoy your magazine. Your efforts are certainly worthwhile. I have read about many things for the first time in your publication, months before their appearance elsewhere. I especially appreciate your policy of using Amiga-created artwork for the covers. Not enough Amiga publications do this. The Amiga, I am sad to report, is still not being taken seriously in pro circles. The folks who swear by their 386 Ats and their vector-graphics software are unconvinced that the Amiga is anything other than a toy. Unfortunately, I have yet been unable to demonstrate otherwise. What we need is a powerful vector-based graphics package in order to comERRATA The documentation to Amigavaders (Feb. ’89) referred to two statements that represented “very different logic.” Unfortunately, the two statements that we printed were identical. The statements should have appeared as follows:
1. IF A=0 THEN A1 = A: B1 = B 2. IF A=0 THEN A1 = A B1 = B Which just goes to prove the
authors’ point-that the statepete. I await this development
anxiously. Terry Lowe Vancouver, BC The Atari 800 is ten
times as good as the C-64! This statement and its counterpart were the beginning of many an emotional argument in years past. But today, the advent of the Amiga casts an interesting twist on competition between the Atari and Commodore brand names. The Amiga, that is, the basic concept of the Amiga, was developed at Atari, while Atari was still owned by Warner Communications. The Amiga’s basic development was done by both Atari and Amiga, Inc. technicians. It was originally to be the next-generation Atari computer. In order to write a letter instead of an article, I won’t try to tell the whole history of the Amiga. What’s important is the result: that Commodore ended up with the Amiga and Atari (the new Atari Corp.) brought out the ST. This turned out to be, in my opinion, the best thing that could have happened to all home computer users. The Amiga is one great machine, and Commodore seems to be a lot better at getting it to the marketplace. Atari, Inc. is having lots of trouble selling ST’s in this country, and software support seems to be diminishing daily. Which leads me to the point of this letter. We “Atarians” are every bit as proud of our 800’s as C-64 users are of theirs. The same people who designed the custom chips that made the Atari 800 so special also designed many of the Amiga’s custom chips. The Amiga has the best of Atari’s roots and the best of Commodore all in one machine. I'm sure you “Commodori-ans” are proud of the Amiga, and if more “Atarians” knew the history of the machine, they would be just as proud to become “Amigians.” The Amiga is neither the “next-generation C-64” nor the “next-generation 800,” it’s the next generation of home computers! Bill Wright Godfrey, IL From our understanding of the Amiga’s genesis, Bill, you're crediting Atari with a far greater role than it deserves. Anyone who’s heard R.J. Mical’s entertaining talk on the birth of the Amiga would certainly agree with us. But your point is well-taken the Amiga is a descendent of Atari as well as Commodore. Atari owners have always tended to number among the most loyal of computer users; and with the ST dying out, it would be a boon to the Amiga community for Atarians to embrace the machine that could just as easily have borne the Atari brand name. Merits in question are easily confused. As are we. A reminder to readers who’ve had trouble in the past distinguishing the numeral “1” from the letter “1” in our program listings-we’re now printing our listings with a different daisy wheel that corrects the problem. Additionally, 0’s are slashed at upper left and lower right to help you distinguish them from capital O’s. We’ll gladly send you a listing of any program published before these changes, marked to eliminate confusion. Write to AmigaUser Program Listings, Ion International Inc., 45 West 34th Street-Suite 500, New York, NY 10001. FREE ADDITIONAL Our research shows that our readers are discriminating buyers. The majority of you are intermediate to advanced users, who seldom purchase a printer, a modem, or even a space shoot-em-up on impulse. But purchase you do after making an intelligent choice based on all the information you have. So why not make sure you have all the information there is to have for the cost of a single stamp? Most of the companies listed at right are eager to send you free promotional materials relating to their products or services. All you have to do is detach the Reader Service Card included here, circle the numbers that correspond to the items you’re interested in, and stamp and mail the card prior to the date shown. Manufacturers and mail order houses alike know that Amigallser’s following is an extremely computer-literate one. They respect that kind of sophistication. So use only our Reader Service Card to request information on products seen in our magazine. And when contacting companies directly by mail or phone, be sure to tell them who sent you. READER SERVICE INDEX Plage Company Number Page Company Number 8 Aegis 267 C-3 Montgomery Grant 255 13 Aegis 270 7 Oxxi 263 8 Applied Visions, Inc. 282 8 Phoenix Electronics 264 12 Broderbund Software 276 48 Practical Solutions 294 46 Broderbund Software 298 13 PrintManager, Inc. 286 9 Camerica Ltd. 271 13 Progressive Peripherals 268 7 Communications Spec. 262 14 Progressive Peripherals 269 46 Comp-U-Save 296 12 Rainbird 275 18,19 Computer Direct 240 40 Rainbird 291 8 CompuServe 283 33 Software Excitement 258 10,11 Creative Computers 175 9 Spectrum HoloByte 274 C-2 Datel Computers 259 12 Thito Software 277 13 DevWare 284 13 The Source 285 39 Discovery Software 290 41 Three-Sixty 292 41 Discovery Software 293 9 Titus 272 43 Dr. T’s Music Software 288 17 True BASIC Inc. 254 7 Express-Way Software 265 47 Wedgwood Rental 295 24 Express-Way Software 261 29 World of Commodore 260 44 Free Spirit Software 289 AmigaUser 15 Go AMIGA! 241 3*4 User Group Offer 14 Impulse, Inc. 297 20 Program Disk 12 Incognito Software 280 34 Subscription 9 Infocom 273 48 Binders 7 Inkwell Systems 266 54 Bulletin Board 25 LightSpeed Distribution 256 57 Back Issues 12 Magnetic Images 279 8 Memo rex Corporation 281 C-4 Microdeal 257 The publisher cannot assume responsibility 12 Microlllusions 278 for errors in the above listing. qosxiec: hijscie Software and Applications for the PAINT, PRINT, Last issue we gave you an overview of Abacus’ AmigaDOS Inside & Out. This time we’ll get into some of its specific tips-and situations where they can be particularly helpful to the business user. We’ll also delve into DeluxePaint II from Electronic Arts, Express Paint 3.0 from Professional Automation Resources (PAR Software; distributed by Brown-Wagh), and Pro-Write 2.0 from New Horizons. TIPS & TRICKS Searching for files is always a hassle, particularly when you’re working with large hard drives or numerous small files. Like most people, I save versions of the same file with similar or sequential naming conventions, such as Mount, Mountl, Mount2, etc. When I want to batch output them, delete them, or perform other housekeeping chores, it’s much easier to work on multiple files simultaneously instead of deleting them one at a time, for example. That’s where the and “?” characters come into play. Working with the CLI, you can use these characters, alone or in conjunction, to manipulate or merely find files with similar naming conventions. The question mark acts as a wild card matching a single character; the number sign matches against multiple characters. For instance, my series of Mount to Mount7A could be identified and manipulated by Mft, Mount, Mount??, or M t, to name a few. Another aspect takes advantage of the sign’s “numeric” nature; for example, “ 2T” would be shorthand to match files with two T’s in a row. How many times have you tried to use your printer for envelopes and small labels, but found precise text alignment and placement to be a major stumbling block? If you’re like me, many, many times. On IBM compatibles I have a small utility program that does the trick, but it often interferes with the operation of other programs. Luckily for you, the Amiga’s CLI can direct output right to your printer, on a line by line basis the ideal way for handling envelopes and the like. The actual instruction is very simple: “copy * to prt:”, not including the quotation marks. After entering that command you merely type what you want and press RETURN. Presto, the text is transferred to your printer. Make a mistake? That’s okay, just backpedal to correct the offending character (s) or press CTRL-X simultaneously to erase the entire line before sending the text to the printer via the RETURN key. As noted in the Abacus title, the Workbench clock has a number of disadvantages. That’s why they’ve provided the following timekeeping gem. By entering these two simple lines, followed by RETURNS, you’ll have a great reminder for your next appointment or task. After all, you don’t want to be late meeting that special client or the loan officer at the bank. Run wait 10 min + Echo “Hey, the coffee’s done!" These are just a few of the CLI tips from AmigaDOS Inside & Out, with plausible scenarios added to show how useful they can be in the real world. THUMBNAIL REVIEWS EA has released DeluxePrint II, a $ 79.95 non-copy protected upgrade of the original Amiga printing program. Running on any Amiga with 512K, Kickstart 1.2, and a single floppy, DPII nonetheless works best with 1 meg of RAM. Its forte is making Point of Sale (POS) signs and banners, flyers to promote sales and other special events, posters, business cards, product pricing labels, employee visitor name tags, and related (low budget) promotional materials. Other uses, not necessarily business-oriented, include four-panel greeting cards, calendars, invitations, and stickers. The prime benefits of the program are low cost, relatively fast turnaround (versus outside production), and quality (output device dependent). DPII, which comes with over 160 graphic images, also uses the optional library disks sold for the original program. As expected, it imports DeluxePaint II files (standard IFF). DPII is touted as the only printing program designed specifically for the Amiga. While that is true, that statement does not necessarily guarantee maximum performance. Output is in color or black and white, depending on your hardware. Color control is adequate; so are the edit features such as copy, cut, paste, size, flip, etc. The program is not as intuitive as it could be, but a little experimentation, mixed with selected reviews of the manual, helps put the pieces together. Backgrounds can be up to 32 colors, from among 4096; palette control consists of (R)ed, (G)reen, (B)lue and (H)ue, (S) aturation, (V)slue sliders. The manual, a typical EA af
fair, is not designed for thorough reading or for quick ref
erence. It does, however, include a decent index, a com
prehensive reference section (not easy to get around), and a
chapterful of sample projects. Small Businessman By Ted Salamone If you get the feeling that my thoughts on DPII swing back and forth, you’re dead right. Despite all the positives mentioned, some things are just not kosher. For example, there are no command key alternatives to the menu commands. There’s no sign of a separate quick reference card. To offset slow output, creation and use of a RAM drive (print spooling) should be an easily instituted option. Most important for a print program-Workbench 1. 3 is not provided. Why is this so important? Because 1.3 includes a host of fantastic printer options, from high resolution 18 and 24 pin dot matrix output to color printers such as the Hewlett-Packard (HP) PaintJet, Howtek Pixelmaster, Xerox 4020, Toshiba 351SX, and Calcomp Colormaster series. The HP DeskJet and ThinkJet are also included. This failure to include enhanced printer support is what I meant by no guarantees on maximum performance. EA could have easily included 1.3; many less capable companies have been doing so (at least certain parts) for many months. (EA could have easily gone further by adding custom plotter drivers for devices such as Hewlett-Packard’s 74XX and 75XX or the Fujitsu ImageGraph personal plotter. After all, the name of the game in a print program is output.) In the end, Deluxe Print II satisfies certain needs at an attractive price point; but if you don’t need it immediately, wait for an upgrade or a more feature oriented competitive product. PROWRITE ProWrite 2.0 is a significant upgrade to its progenitor, and it does feature all the benefits of the 1.3 operating system. But that’s not why I find it useful. Its ease of use, image import feature, and color font capabilities make it a powerhouse alternative to full-featured desktop publishing programs like Professional Page and Shakespeare. When you need to do a quick flyer (with a lot of text as opposed to DeluxePrint Ips graphic orientation), make employee announcements, or just create attractive memos and peer-to-peer presentations, ProWrite 2.0 is the one to boot. This two-disk (system and program), non-copy protected word processor retails for $ 124.95 and requires 512K RAM. New features include much faster graphics output (up to 10 times fester than before), a 95,000 word spell checker, and an easy to implement mail merge (from within ProWrite or a database). Command key alternatives are provided for most menu functions, up to eight documents can be open simultaneously, and IFF and HAM images are supported, as well as multiline headers and footers. The manual covers several installation options, printer options, and error messages, and has a good reference section. The index, table of contents, and learning sections are just as good. PIT is really color oriented, another reason it is ideal for light and medium desktop publishing type projects. A menu option allows you to adjust displayed colors so they match colors output by your printer! This is a simply fantastic feature which cuts down on the cost of color proofs and the amount of time spent getting things right. A special utility, DIM COLORS, automatically selects colors designed to reduce flicker (both high and medium resolution versions of ProWrite are included) if you do not have a proper monitor. Besides saving your eyes, this utility pointed the way to a very nice PW feature the ability Abacus 5370 52nd Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508 Phone: 616-698-0330 Electronic Arts 1820 Gateway Drive San Mateo, CA 94404 Phone: 415-571-7171 New Horizons P. O. Box 43167 Austin, TX 78745 Phone: 512-328-6650 Companies
Mentioned in Exec Fife PAR Software P. O. Box 1309 Vancouver, WA 98666 Phone: 206-694-1539 Brown-Wagh
Publishing 16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210 Los Gatos, CA 95030
Phone: 408-395-3838 fm iexec: i=ii. i=raic — to launch multiple
documents or documents environments simultaneously. By holding down the SHIFT key while clicking on document, or utility icons like DIM COLORS, you can select multiple items for launching. Merely doubleclick on the last icon, and up to eight documents (memory notwithstanding) will open automatically one after the other. ProWrite 2.0 comes highly recommended for the business user. EXPRESS PAINT ON A NEW TRACK The last upgrade covered in this installment is Express Paint 3.0, a two-disk unprotected application that retails for $ 139.95. Though it needs only 512K RAM for its basic features, the more the merrier. (Some of the sample files require better than two megabytes, so you get some appreciation of the power you’ll have on tap.) In a nutshell, major new features include virtual paging (the ability to create an image whose size is limited only by available RAM), nearly unlimited undo’s (almost 50 operations can be undone), three dimensional perspectives, four-way gradient fills (dithering with complete user control of the up to four colors entered into the mix), and 3-D antialiasing tools. Others are color cycling, acceptance of ColorFonts (via a separate utility), enhanced zoom and view modes, oversoar, and the 1.3 operating system, sort of (more on this later). EP 3.0 also works fine with Kickstart 1.2. Now that you know the additional features, Til go over the annoyances. First, the new release does not have a new manual. Instead, there is a supplement to the previous manual; the supplement, at 140 pages, is 5 pages longer than the manual itself! Second, the quick reference card does not note any of the new features-including an entirely new menu heading. Last of the major quirks-none of the 1.3 printer drivers are provided! Since the supplement is well done, apologizes for its size, and promises to combine the two documents post haste, I’ll pass on any more criticism. The reference card, however, should have been completely updated. Finally, the decision to leave out printer drivers has got to be one of the classic software marketing errors of 1988, if not forever. Instructions are available so you can add the drivers to a working disk, provided you purchase them separately. Or you can send a blank disk to PAR and they will return it full of 1.3 drivers. Not everyone is going to have the drivers from another source, or want to pay extra for them anyway. On the other hand, waiting for them to arrive from PAR, and then having to install them, is an unnecessary nuisance. Instead of all the sample drawings (on two disks no less), the drivers should have been provided. Nothing else makes sense. During its workouts, DP has proved to be robust, not a crash and bum to be found. Screen redraw is fast, and the virtual page, smear, smudge, and antialiasing capabilities are implemented well. The advanced dithering gradient fill capabilities are outstanding, though one minor problem was encountered. When doing a large area gradient fill the operation appears to start. The “working” message appears onscreen, then the background flashes white, and nothing else happens. No fill, no error message. The workaround is to fill in subsections until the entire area is filled. Not elegant, but better than a program lockup or a guru visitation. After all that, you ask, why would I consider or even recommend Express Paint? It’s simple EP 3.0 is the ideal tool for complex graphic layotus (to support desktop publishing or for standalone needs), storyboards, and related creative tasks. Work can be easily done for international clients, as PAL, NTSC, and oversoar (for both modes) are supported. Colorfont support also makes EP a tremendous title generation tool for amateur, professional, or broadcast quality jobs. Despite its flaws, EP rates an 85 to 90; without them the score would be 90 to 95, as it basically does what it sets out to do. Send your correspondence to Salmone & Associates, 42 Canterbury Road, Bridgeport, CT 06606.? Call the i migalBcr Bulletin Board System 212-643-9516 The AmigaUser BBS, formerly open to subscribers only, is now available to all comers. If your Amiga is equipped with a modem, you can call any hour of the day, any day of the week to exchange electronic mail with other users or access files like the following: • Calendar of upcoming issues • Corrections to programs and articles • Late-breaking industry news • Selected programs for downloading Online help from Amigallser's
technical department will be available as well. Set your terminal program for 300 1200 baud, full duplex, no parity, 1 stop bit, 8-bit word length, and dial away! B C-PQRT ap Programming in C on the Amiga PART I: GETTING YOUR GUYS By Paul Maioriello How often have you been inundated with glowing superlatives describing the advanced capabilities of the Amiga? How many times has your jaw hit the floor as you watched an amazing demo grace the Amiga’s screen? While watching those incredible demos, have you secretly wished that you could also harness that incredible computing engine? Some people assume that the complexity underlying the Amiga’s power is so great that you’d have to spend the rest of your life to learn how to write even simple programs. Some may have already resigned themselves to using their computers to run only commercial programs they have purchased, or public domain programs written by others. They feel that the Amiga is just too complex a machine for them to program. This column has been created in an attempt to make as many people as possible aware of the sheer pleasure that can be derived from programming the Amiga. While the prospect of writing an Amiga program may be daunting at first, even the novice programmer can become productive fairly quickly with a little perseverance. While the Amiga is many things, it is primarily a programmer’s machine. It was designed to be easy to program. The multitasking environment is truly a software developer’s dream. Editing, debugging, and compiling programs are activities that can be performed simultaneously on an Amiga. The vast assemblage of existing routines available to the programmer means that we don’t all have to keep reinventing the wheel. The purpose of this column is to help you learn to program your Amiga in the C language. We will assume very little prior knowledge about C or the Amiga. This will make for slow going at first. With time, however, we will pick up speed, and hopefully the interest of a wider audience of programmers. WHY USE €? The first question many users ask themselves is, why use the C language to program the Amiga? There are many ways to answer that question. Experienced programmers tend to treat things like editors, programming languages, and even computers themselves with something akin to a religious fervor. Regardless of what I say to convince you that C is the ideal language in which to program the Amiga, others can make valid claims for languages they enjoy. Many programmers claim that languages like BASIC are easier to learn. Others will say that any language of a level higher than assembler is a copout. I will not try to sell you on C in one article. Fortunately, the Amiga programmer has a wide range of languages to choose from. If you are dead set on a particular language, by all means use it. You can probably still gain some insights from this column and use your language of choice to implement them and explore further. I would, however, suggest that everyone get somewhat familiar with C. After all, most of the Amiga software is written in it. Many examples in various reference books and tutorials are written in this language. If for no other reason, everyone would be wise to learn enough C to be able to readily convert these to whatever language they are using. SOME PRELIMINARIES The compiler I use is Lattice C V4.01 (soon to be V5.0). The examples that will be provided in this column will be tested using this compiler. My Amiga environment currently consists of an Amiga 2000 with the stock 1 megabyte of memory, two 3.5” floppies, and approximately 65 megabytes of hard disk storage. While the hard disks are nice, the memory and at least two floppy drives are crucial. I would strongly recommend that anyone who wants to enter and run these programs have at least the minimal 1 meg-two floppy configuration mentioned above. If any problems or questions arise during your reading of this column, or while attempting to compile and run the program, I can be contacted through AmigaUser. It is currently intended that this column appear in AmigaUser on a monthly basis. Now let’s get on to our first C program! THE VENERABLE HELLO WORLD It is quite customary when learning to program in C to write a simple program that prints the message “hello world” on the screen. This is the first program example in what is commonly called the white book: “The C Programming Language,” published by Prentice Hall, considered to be the ultimate reference book for the C language. It was written by Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where the C language was developed during the 1970s. While printing the message “hello world” is not particularly useful, it will accomplish several important objectives. In order to get even this minimal program working we will need to do the following:
1. Enter the program text into a file 2. Convert the file into something we can execute 3. Actually output some data (the message) to the Amiga’s
screen Before we go any further, here is the actual C code
that prints the message to the screen: void main ()
printffhello world”);} We will not have space this month to
talk about the code itself. Rather, we will concentrate on
getting it entered, compiled, and run. To enter the code use
any editor word processor capable of creating a plain text
file. Do not use word processing programs that imbed printer
control information in the text that would confuse the
compiler. The ed screen editor that comes with the Amiga works
admirably as a programming editor. If for some reason you
have no editor, you can create the file right from AmigaDOS. To do this enter the following command followed by a carriage return (this assumes the file to be created will be called hello.c): copy * hello. c You can now begin typing the text of the program, again pressing the RETURN key at the end of every line. When you have typed the ending brace (}) enter a control. That is, hold down the control (CTRL) key and press the backslash () key. This signals AmigaDOS that you are done. While this method is okay for our “hello world” program, you really want to get an editor to enter larger programs. At any rate, now that our program exists in a file, we should refer to it as something. The file hello. c contains the source code for our program. This source code is something that we as programmers can read and comprehend. To your Amiga, however, this is gibberish. It requires an executable file that can be loaded and run. Our source file does not fit this bill. It is the job of the compiler and linker to translate our human readable source file into an executable entity that the Amiga can run when we type the name of the program. All the commands you use every day from the CLI started out as source files. They had to be compiled or assembled and linked. Once that process was complete, the commands could be loaded and executed by typing their name or clicking on their icon. Let us now transform our hello. c source file into an object code file. The object file is an intermediate point on the way to creating our executable file. The Lattice C compiler will be happy to perform this transformation for us as long as we ask it to properly. INVOKING THE COMPILER Before we can compile the program, we need to set a few things up for the compiler. Lattice C creates an intermediate file called a quad file as part of the compilation process. We are not particularly interested in this file. We must, however, tell Lattice C where to create it. This can be accomplished using the Amiga assign command. Typing the following command will cause Lattice C to create its quad files on the RAM: device: assign quad: ram: If for some reason you do not want to use the RAM: device, merely reassign quad: someplace else. Be forewarned, however, that assigning quad: to a real disk device (like dfl: or df2:) will slow down the compilation process, since the quad file will be created on a real disk. A few other assignments should also be made. We need to tell the compiler where included files and link time object code libraries are. We must also tell the compiler driver program where the various parts of the compiler are located. All these mysterious things can easily be referenced using the AmigaDOS assign command. The hard part is figuring out where to keep them all. Since you are the only one that knows how much free space you have, you will have to think a little about where to locate these parts. If you have a floppy-based system, I suggest that you create a set of dedicated floppies for your development environment. Start out with a boot disk containing a minimal CLI environment. Add to this disk the Lattice-supplied programs that comprise the compiler. These are: blink, fd2prag-ma, lc, lcl, ornd, and oml. Note that this is pretty much the complete set. You will not always need them all. If space is really critical you can leave ornd and oml off the list. These programs can be found on disk 1 as distributed by Lattice in the c directory. Of these programs, the one called lc is the main driver. It needs to know where the invoked programs (lcl and lc2) are located. This is accomplished by assigning the logical name lc: to the directory that holds these programs. Note that the lc driver program itself must be located in a directory that is searched by AmigaDOS. If you do not understand how the Amiga finds commands, refer to the discussion of the PATH command on page 32 of the Amiga Enhancer Software VI.2 documentation. We now need a place for the files included at compilation time. These files are on the Lattice distribution disk BACK ISSUES niij5al£er iYmigallser AmigaUser 1ST ISSUE-MAY 1988 • Sounds Like... Amiga-a look at Amiga sound sampling, and five
products • The Essential Amiga Entertainment Library-buyer’s guide to
the 24 best game programs available • AmigallseiTerm-an Amiga terminal program, ready to enter • Plus Reviews of Reason, DataRetrieve, King of Chicago,
Professional Page, more. 4TH ISSUE-DEC. 1988 • Desktop Video-a three-part guide to becoming an Amiga
producer • And The Byte Goes On-rhythm-making machines for the Amiga • RS-232C Standard Communication-using serial peripherals on
your Amiga • Plus Reviews of Lights! Camera! Action!, X-Specs 3D, Questron II, Fineprint, Power-Styx, Twindrive, more. 7TH ISSUE-MAR. 1989 • Professional Amiga Video how broadcast and animation experts
are using the Amiga • Graphic Editor a sprite and BOB control program, ready to enter • Word Master a vocabulary and usage improvement program, ready
to enter • Plus Reviews of Professional DataRetrieve, Microfiche Filer
Plus, 4x4 Off-Road Racing, MovieSetter, more. I migalsCT 2ND ISSUE-AUG. 1988 • Video Digitizers and Frame Grabbers-the optical options
available • Speech Seta versatile voice synthesis program, ready to enter • Desktop Publishing: The Latest Editions — a detailed look at
three of the newest DTP programs • Plus Reviews of Intro-CAD, ZOOM!, Jet, Graphics Studio, Photon
Paint, more. migallsw $ 4.50 EACH WHILE LIMITED SUPPLIED LA8TI If you want to get the most out of your Amiga, you want to complete your collection of AmigaUser while our early issues are still available. The information in AmigaUser never goes out of date our instructional columns, feature articles, type-in programs that teach you Amiga BASIC, and reviews of the full spectrum of Amiga software and hardware are invaluable to anyone intent upon taking the Amiga as for as it will go. Fill out the coupon below (or a facsimile) and order today! Hi ‘fe! O o o (fl « w 4 4 0 a'S. A. Q O O G O CJ, on D a 12. o« 2 3,5 O ‘8°. V) T2 o 8' C 5 O • 03.1 u 2 ° jg VI & SP £ o o o V* V3 Ji W 4 O 'cL'H cl &.S*u |42 ss JU • s-a j*1 H «i v.52 00 1? U: $ o Q CJ U UJ Z Q w He 3RD ISSUE-NOV. 1988 • Hard Driving-new SCSI controllers and backup software • ABM-an Amiga BASIC missile defense game, ready to enter • A Batch of Answers-to frequently asked Command Line Interface
questions • Licensed to Play-Amiga entertainment’s “official” trend • Plus Reviews of BusExpan-der, CygnusEd Professional, Bard’s
Tale II, Joe Blade, more. Ser 6TH ISSUE-FEB. 1989 • From See to Shining CRT-the latest in the field of video
digitizers • Flicker-Free BOBs-a utility for achieving smooth anima
tions, ready to enter • State of the Graphic Arts — a survey of new and coming products for artists • Plus Reviews of MIDI Magic, Proscript, Skyfox II, 184-A Light
Pen, Better Dead Than Alien, more. 2 in the directory compactH. They are stored here in a compacted form to save space. Even in their compacted form, they will take over 60 disk blocks. If you would like to take a look at them in their non-compacted form (over 100 disk blocks), they are on the third distribution disk in the com-pilerheaders directory. The logical assignment include: must be set to point to wherever you put them. The final assignment is for the link time libraries. These are found on Lattice disk 2 in a directory called Lib. The logical assignment lib: should point to wherever you put them. Let’s take a second here to summarize. We have defined four parts to your development environment. They are:
1. A place to put your source files (where hello. c was put).
2. A place to put the compiler components (referenced by lc:).
3. A place to put the included files (referenced by include:).
4. A place to put the link time libraries (referenced by lib:). In addition, we have to put the intermediate quad files somewhere (referenced by quad:). All this seems like a lot. It really isn’t. All you have to do is execute the assign statements in your startup-sequence, and your development environment will be ready to go. Alternatively, you can create a script file to perform these assigns and then execute the script file to set up the development environment. Incidentally, if you use a recoverable RAM disk, you can put your source files there during program development. This will provide a boost in compilation speed, since the source file being processed can be accessed much faster from the RAM disk. You are not sacrificing too much safety, since your source file will generally be recovered if your programming efforts result in a guru meditation and or a reboot. Don’t forget to eventually copy any files you want to keep to a real disk, however, before shutting off your machine. Now that we have the development environment set up, let us compile our hello. c source file. First we should go to the directory that contains our source file. Now we can invoke the compiler using the following command: lc hello. c If you have typed the source code in properly, you should get output from the compiler that looks very similar to this: Lattice AmigaDOS C Compiler, Version 4.01 Copyright (C) 1987 SAS Institute Inc. All rights reserved. Compiling hello. c Module size P=00000014 D=0000000D U=00000000 Total files: 1, Compiled OK: 1 If you get error messages from the compilation, double check your source file. Be sure to type it exactly as shown. If you are unable to get the compiler to work, double check your compilation environment. If you still have trouble, consider rereading the installation instructions for your compiler (section 1, pages 1-1 through 1-9 for Lattice). An additional thing you might consider if you still can’t get it to fly is to put the source file on a COPY of Lattice disk 1 and try it there after booting from that disk. The proper assignments are automatically made when you boot from Lattice disk 1. As a final resort, write to me care of AmigaUser describing your problem and I will do my best to help. When you get the program successfully compiled, you are ready to link it. The linker supplied by Lattice is called BLINK. Blink’s job is to convert the object code file generated by the lc command above to an executable file (one that we can run on the Amiga). The output file from the computer (lc) was called hello. c (lc usually replaces the. c with.0 when it names the object file). This file (hello. o) is the input file for BLINK. It should exist in the same directory that you were in when you issued the lc command since, by default, that is where lc will create it. In order to execute the linker, type the following command: blink lib: c. o+hello. o lib lib: lc. llb+lib: amiga. lib After executing this command, you should get output that looks something like this: Blink — Version 7.3 Copyright (C) 1986 The Software Distillery Copyright (C) 1987 SAS Institute Inc. All Rights Reserved. BLINK Complete — Maximum code size = 7612 () bytes Final output file size = 7504 () bytes If BLINK complains or gives other mysterious output, double check the syntax with which you invoked it. YOU HAVE DONE IT! If you now look in the directory you invoked BLINK in, you should have a new file named hello. This is an executable file! You can execute it by typing “hello” (without the quotes) at the CLI prompt. AmigaDOS will load and run your program. If you did everything right, you should see the words “Hello World” printed on your screen. Congratulations! You have just written, compiled, and linked your first C program on the Amiga. Regardless of how trivial the program may have been, you have learned the process by which a C program comes into existence. No matter how complex a C program you may write in the future, you will still have to go through the compilation and linking steps above. Unfortunately, I am about out of space. I will provide an explanation of our little hello world program next month. In addition, I will give you some shortcut methods for combining some of the steps described above. In the meantime, once you get the program up and running, you may wish to take a look at some of the sample C programs that are supplied by Lattice. Also consider getting an introductory general purpose text on C such as “Programming in C” by Stephen Kochan, published by Hayden Books. You may even want to take some of the examples in a book like this, type them into your Amiga, and get them running. Until next month, enjoy your Amiga.? 00000 00000 PRODUCTS GUIDE A Listing of Hardware and Software Compiled by Richard Herring The Amiga’s graphics are, in a word, breathtaking in both their quality and their speed... The animation routines that are part of the Amiga’s ROM form the basis for the most sophisticated color animation the personal computer market has ever seen. August 1985, Byte Compiling this guide turned out to be more work than we initially planned on. But that was a pleasant surprise because the extra work derived from the wealth of video software and hardware that some really enterprising and creative folks have developed for the Amiga market. We had a bear of a time drawing the line on what’s video-related and what’s not. You may want to write a script for a video production, but we decided to leave out word processors. Likewise, developing a budget could be important, but spreadsheets seemed off course for this guide. An up-to-date listing of all your video files and projects may be a necessity, but we omitted coverage of databases. Leaving out fonts and clip art was a much closer call. We collected so much information on these two accessories that our guide would have been overwhelmed. If readers show an interest, we’ll be glad to publish that list in the future. We’ve omitted some useful hardware from this guide too. As we looked at video production, we quickly determined that RAM expansion, accelerator boards, and hard disks would be high on the wish list of serious users. Likewise, we haven’t tried to describe video recorders, cameras, or editing units because we wanted to include more than this one article in this issue. Reviewing products which are not included in this guide, but would still be useful to video production with the Amiga, we learned one thing. Almost anything you can do with an Amiga (except for games) can be useful at some stage of developing videos. This machine stands out as incredibly well-suited to desktop video. It’s THE desktop video machine. Spend what you want, you just can’t accomplish all the Amiga’s tricks with any other micro. To compile this guide, we first listed all the Amiga video products we’ve come to know and love over the last few years. We found a good bit of information on many of them in back issues of AmigaUser and Ahoy! Then we checked press releases and new product announcements for anything that was due to be actually available at press time. Finally, we wrote to some 125 companies and asked them to verify the availability and pricing of the products we had listed and to tell us about any we had missed. While most of these Amiga-related companies answered our basic questions, a few went above and beyond the call to help make this guide as good as it could be. We’d especially like to thank Frank Lazzarini at ACS (Station Manager series), Kristin Peterson at Broderbund (Fantavision), Dale at Hash Enterprises (Animation series), the folks at MicroMagic (Forms in Flight II), and Jim Bell at Professional Automation Resources (Express Paint 2.0). We hope you’ll use this list over time. It can be a valuable shopping guide. We aren’t able to spend enough time with every product to include ratings, but we have noted all the reviews contained in back issues of AmigaUser and Ahoy! And we’ll give you a commitment right now to keep bringing you detailed reviews you can rely on. You’ll find products listed to help with every level of video production. Whether you want to flip through still images you’ve painted, move objects over backgrounds, rotate 3D objects, or computer-generate titles and graphics over a live video signal, you’ll find the Amiga an indispensable assistant. HI 0 [We had hoped to track down a handful of additional products, but time ran out, as did possible addresses. These products included Edit Line (an automated decision list manager), medical diagnostic tools (from ADCS) which use HARDWARE DIGITIZERS. A digitizer will transform an image of either a 2D picture or a 3D object into a picture your Amiga can display. It starts with the analog signal from a video camera or VCR and converts it to digital. (In this sense, it performs somewhat like a scanner.) Working in tandem with the Amiga, a digitizer must map each pixel’s location, hue, and luminance. Digi-View 3.0 NewTek $ 199.95 The first Amiga digitizer. Monochrome digitization with RGB colorwheel produces 4096 colors. Use with your own video camera (B&W’s okay). You select the number of colors. Supports dithering (rapidly varying color of a pixel to create the illusion of a different color), HAM images, oversoar (maximum is 768 x 480), and extra halfbrite. New line-art mode has been added. Requires 5 seconds or more; composite color images take at least 15 seconds. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, page 38.) Digf-View Gold NewTek $ 199.95 Captures over 2 million colors in memory (using 21 bits per pixel) and displays 100,000 apparent colors on screen using advanced dithering routines. Software controls sharpness, oversoar, extra halfbrite, etc. Frame Capture (for Frame Buffer) Mimetics $ 199.95 for the 2000 With this option, you can digitize in real time from a TV camera or tape. This must be attached to Mimetics’ Frame Buffer. LIVEI A-Squared $ 295.00 for the 1000; also versions for the 2000 ($ 450) and 500 ($ 399) Serves as a frame grabber, switcher, and generator for special effects like fades and strobes. Capture up to 15 images per second in B&W (16-level gray scale), 12 in color, and 4 in HAM from any video source, including cameras, VCRs, and Tvs. Includes hardware documentation and programmer’s examples. The Amiga 2000 board can get input from two video sources. Fast transfer through bus connection. Does not like to multitask. (See full review of 1000 version in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 42; 2000 version in Feb. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 55.) FRAME BUFFERS A frame buffer (or frame grabber) performs the same function as a digitizer, but works so fast that it can capture an image from a live display. It must be able to grab an image in 1 60 to 1 30 of a second. A standard TV (to which our VCRs and video cameras cater) displays 525 lines (a frame) every 2 60 (1 30) of a second by redrawing the 2621 2 odd lines (field) in the first 1 60 second and the even lines in the second 1 60. A frame buffer can convert and store one of these video frames from a live source to a digital computer image. Frame buffers capture up to 2 million colors. Due to the limitations of the Amiga’s hardware, we can display only 4096 of these. Frame Buffer Mimetics $ 549.95 for the 2000 An Amiga 2000 card capable of 746 x 484 resolution with over 2 million colors. Stores and displays a 4-field NTSC (an FCC standard for TV) overscanned image. Compatible with IFF, HAM, 24-bit RGB, and interlace. Use with files from popular paint and 3D programs. Use with a 500 or 1000 only if you have an expansion chassis. FrameGrabber Progressive Peripherals $ 699.95 Digitize 4096-color HAM images from a TV, VCR, or camera. This realtime device grabs a B&W picture in 1 60 second and a color picture in 1 30. Has controls for hue, saturation, and intensity. Preview images before digitizing. Software handles time lapse animation, multiple exposures, and dithering. Easily switches one monitor between video and computer images. (See full review in Feb. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 52.) VD1 Impulse $ 499.95 A buffer and frame capture device. Works with NTSC video sources, full frame or single field. A-Squared’s LIVE! To do thermographies and infrared scanning, The Demonstrator (from Meridian software), which acts like an animation sequencer, a graphics design package from Unison World, and a drawing program (Instant Artist) from Polyvision Software.] Products are divided into categories to the best of our ability. Many products fit well into several categories, so COMBO DIGITIZERS AND FRAME BUFFERS Perfect Vision SunRize $ 249.95 rerent sources, including live. Creates IFF images. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 40.) A digitizer and frame grabber with a 64K RAM buffer. Capture a picture from a VCR in as little as 1 60 to 1 30 second (in B&W). Capture color pictures using the three Color Splitter for Perfect Vision SunRize $ 99.95 included color filters, which you must hold. Has brightness and contrast controls. Can be set to record a sequence of images (limited by RAM). Cannot grab color pictures in real time. Accepts video from many dif-Takes the place of the RGB color filters so you can capture a picture from a VCR (an NTSC signal). Capture takes 1.5 seconds or more of a still image. Converts composite color to three monochrome signals. GENLOCKS Genlocks allow you to superimpose Amiga graphics over a video background from a camera or VCR. A genlock is a hardware device that synchronizes your Amiga’s video output with an external video device camera, tape, or TV. If you try to mix the two video signals without a genlock, you’ll get an unstable picture. The genlock pulls the sync signal from the video device and locks the Amiga sync generator to it so both devices will start to scan the screen at the same time. 4004 (NTSC version) Magni $ 1695, or $ 1995 with optional control box Gen One Communications Specialties $ 895 4005 (PAL version-Pal is the TV standard in Western Europe) $ 1865, or $ 2165 with optional control box Each version is a pair of Zorro-2 cards. One of the pair is a genlock encoder with sync and blackburst generators and a system clock. The other is an interface card to grab Amiga graphics and send locking signals to the Amiga. This genlock does not distort the incoming video. It has front panel controls to adjust the computer’s image over the video. Video input can be passed through to other equipment. V C outputs make it S-VHS compatible. It can output the video signal without the computer graphics overlay. It can show the video where color 0 appears or where any color except 0 appears. GenKey SciTech A1300 Commodore $ 749.95 (No longer available) The original (consumer) genlock from Commodore for the 1000. Well-known for comparatively marginal quality. Color is unstable and inaccurate. Use with a 2000 by elevating the computer. Use with a 500 by building an extension cable and, probably, buying a heavier power supply. (Commodore plans to release their A2300 genlock during 1989, but no release date has been set at press time. Retail price will be around $ 700.) This unit includes a genlock, keyer, and time-based corrector. The genlock lets you adjust subcarrier and horizontal phase relationships. The Amiga video signal can be adjusted by using the built-in processing amplifier. Switch between video sources without glitches. Has loop through for external video, RGB out, and composite video out. ProGen Progressive Peripherals $ 449.95 AmiGen Mimetics $ 179.95 Provides composite color output for the Amiga. Separate versions are available for NTSC and PAL. This low-cost, small unit cannot switch off overlay of graphics on video. A genlock for all Amigas. Meets RS-17QA standards (video standards for synchronization of video signals and components). Software can display video or Amiga screen only and can control up to five video modes. Video shows through color 0, or through color 0 plus another color. We’ve tried to list related categories next to each other. Products are arranged alphabetically in most categories. We’ve included a few products from the Amiga’s early days like Commodore’s Graphicraft that you won’t find on many dealers’ shelves. Still, these were often the only products some of us had in those first weeks of our love affair with the Amiga, and they deserve at least a passing thought. Neriki Image Master Compu_Art (or Neriki) Produces no reference video degradation. Exceeds the Amiga screen resolution with 520 lines vertically in NTSC and 600 in PAL. Has an adjustable luminance keyer and a chroma phase control. Optional chroma keyer and special effects generator.
RM-2 Wollner (or Glennlock) $ 2995 A genlock and sync generator. Has adjustments for horizontal phase and phase carrier. Lets you control the video levels of graphics. Powerful system to drop text and graphic overlays on video images from cameras and other sources. SuperGen Digital Creations $ 749.95 A genlock and overlay device that meets RS-170A standards. Has two independent fade controls (for video input and Amiga graphics) and an autofade option. Connectors include an RGB pass-through for the Amiga monitor, a loop-through video in, and two overlaid video outs. Notch filter eliminates chroma crosstalk. (FVS’s Pro Video Plus can control the faders.) COMBO DIGITIZERS, FRAMEBUFFERS, AND GENLOCKS A2350 Professional Video Adapter Commodore (Not yet available at press time) A combination genlock, realtime frame grabber, and digitizer for the Amiga 2000. Comes on two cards and occupies the video slot plus one other. Software lets you change palettes, video sources, contrast, and brightness. Video Toaster NewTek $ 1500 (see below) This is a combination genlock, digitizer, special effects generator, and frame grabber. Emulates a 2-channel ADO (Ampex Digital Opticals-a device for image transitions and video effects). Originally shown as an Amiga 2000 board, versions for the 500 and 1000 will bus-connect too. Dozens of special effects built in. Will require a time-base corrector to accept signals from consumer VCRs. (NewTek indicates that the product’s list price may be lowered if the price of RAM comes down in the months ahead.) RGB TO COMPOSITE If you own an Amiga 500 or 2000, you can’t connect directly to a composite monitor, TV, or VCR. Devices that convert your Amiga’s RGB signal to composite can allow you to use non-Amiga monitors and to record animations directly to videotape. A-Video Akron $ 49.95 Converts the RGB signal from an Amiga 500 or 2000 to a composite signal. C-View I and C-View II C Ltd. $ 39.95 Version I provides separate chroma and luma signals so you can use a monitor like Commodore’s 1702. Version II provides a composite color signal so you can use a VCR or composite monitor. Both plug into the Amiga RGB port but do not have a pass-through to allow you to keep your Amiga monitor hooked up. ENC-1 Communications Specialties $ 395 An RGB encoder to convert the Amiga’s RGB analog to a standard composite out. V-l 500 and V-l 500RF Creative Microsystems V-l 2000 and V-l 2000RF $ 79.95, or $ 99.95 for RF versions These video interfaces convert the Amiga’s RGB output for use with composite monitors, VCRs, Tvs (RF models), and the Commodore 1700, 1800, and 1900 series monitors. They provide color composite, chroma, and luma outputs. The RF versions also include RF modulator out and audio-in for RF. GRAPHICS TABLETS I LIGHT PENS A graphics tablet or light pen serves as an absolute positioning device. It is more natural for drawing than a relative positioning device like a mouse. A mouse has no physical boundard that locks it to the working area of the screen. Plus, the ball in a mouse develops its own momentum and can make exact positioning more difficult. 184-A Light Pen Inkwell (See full review in Feb. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 41.) $ 129.95 A two-button light pen that can replace, or be used in conjunction with, the mouse. The included driver works with most popular mouse-driven programs. Works with CLI or Workbench in interlace or non-interlace. Includes a hires Summagraphics tablet, a two-button AproDraw R&DL $ 449 for a 9 x 6” tablet $ 549 for a 12 x 12” tablet stylus, power supply, software, and cables. Substitutes for the mouse using R&Dt’s proprietary driver. Easyl Anakin (Canada) or Inforite (US) $ 499 A pressure sensitive drawing tablet. Draw or trace with a pen and paper right on the tablet. Works with most graphics software including 3D. Maximum resolution is 1024 x 1024, drawing area is 8.5 x 13 inches. Draws its power from your Amiga. Requires an interface card in the 2000 or an expansion bus for the 500 or 1000. Includes paint software that can keep up with its 250 points per second sampling rate. IS ONE $ 495 to $ 620 for 8.5 x 11” tablet $ 615 to $ 740 for 12 x 12” tablet $ 965 to $ 1090 for 12 x 17” tablet A graphics tablet with a conversion rate of 10 to 100 X-Y coordinate pairs per second and a resolution up to 1016 points per inch. Includes a built-in menu strip. Optional cordless cursors and pens available. (We heard that Kurta was giving away a $ 150 cordless cursor device with each 12” tablet at the end of 1988.) MISCELLANEOUS HARDWARE O " Digi-Droid NewTek $ 79.95 Motorizes your Digi-View’s color wheel so you can automate the R, G, and B shots. A necessity if you’re working solo from across the room. The 10’ ribbon cable attaches to the joystick port. Imprint 3.0 American Liquid Light $ 495 Typically sold with a Polaroid Palette film recorder ($ 1995 extra). An interface to use the Amiga as an imaging system. Automated shots of one or a series of screens using an RGB color wheel. No screen curvature or video defects. Software allows control for film type and exposure. Allows double exposures that shift the picture vertically to fill raster lines. A2024 Monitor Commodore Not yet available at press time; 1 meg required Produces a 1008 x 800 display. Viking 1 Monitor Moniterm $ 1995 A 19” monitor and an Amiga 2000 video display board. The monitor is gray-scale (four shades) and has square pixels. Maximum resolution is 1280 X 860. Actual resolution with most software will be 1008 x 800. Limits you to one sprite; does not allow double buffering in extended modes. (Will benefit from a 1 meg Agnus chip.) Check compatibility with your favorite software. FlickerFixer Microway $ 595 Video board for the A2000 video slot. Eliminates interlace flicker. Drives multiscan and VGA monitors. SpectraScan ASDG $ 995 for software and hardware interface $ 6995 for color scanner A color scanning system. Uses a Sharp JX-450 color scanner. Capable of 256 shades of gray and 16 million colors. Handle images up to 11 x 17 inches in resolutions of 30-300 dots per inch. Holds large images in a reasonable amount of memory. AmigaLink & S-VHS Workstation RGB Video Creations $ 2500 for software, V-LAN hardware is extra, complete editing systems run up to $ 75,000 A plug-in interface board to connect an Amiga 2000 to a Video Local Area Network (VLAN). Connect and control up to 32 video-editing decks with your Amiga. Works with Vi inch, la inch, and S-VHS. The Amiga acts like an editing console, controlling tape decks, special effects generators, and switches. Control stepframe animation. Lets you set up a series of fades, wipes, and edits from different video sources and preview in real time. MediaPhile Interactive Microsystems $ 495 A media production, database, and automatic playback system that gives complete computer control over infra-red-controlled video decks, camcorders, and laser and compact disk players. Includes an LED extension cable, two Sony Sport control cables, remote pause control cable, and two video deck counter inputs. Edit video tapes and add special effects. Record freeze-frame images or single-frame animation images. Supports Sony 8mm and Beta decks. Support for S-VHS and % inch planned. Software includes a C programmer’s toolkit and Arexx support to control any number of devices. IMG Scan II Seymor-Radix DEST Scanner Cud. X-Specs 3D Haitex $ 1699 ($ 700 more for OCR capability) $ 124.95 Scans from 100 to 300 dots per inch. SCSI interface. $ 139.95 Converts your dot matrix printer into a scanner. Supports 256 shades of gray. LCD-shuttered goggles that alternately black each eye 30 times a second to alternate two slightly different pictures for a 3D effect (stereo vision). Package includes software demos and a game, but little information of use to programmers. Works only with specially designed software. (See full review in Dec. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 52.) $ 39.95 ¦ SOFTWARE 2D PAINT PROGRAMS Paint programs are a staple of Amiga video. You’ll use these to create the backgrounds that will give life to many of your productions. You can also use them to quickly sketch out or explore new designs that you’ll later do in 3D or animate. Includes lots of features and tools. Displays 4096 colors. O HI 0 B-Paint Finally Technologies $ 39.95 Lets you draw in hi-res, medium-res, and lo-res. Includes source code. Chroma Paint Designing Minds $ 49.95 A 2D paint program. Allows use of extra halfbrite. Deluxe Paint II Electronic Arts $ 129.95; 512K required; 1.5K recommended The original standard for paint programs. Allows 32 colors at a time and all modes except HAM. Allows images up to 1008 pixels square. Has over 90 features including anti-aliasing, perspective, and shadows. Easy to learn and use. (See still review in May ’87 Ahoy!, p. 53.) Watch for version III with extra halfbrite, wrapping images around brushes, oversoar, and animation features. DeluxePhotoLab Electronic Arts $ 149.95; 1 meg required Really three programs Paint, Colors, and Posters. Paint works in all screen formats and supports HAM and extra halfbrite. Colors give detailed control over the colors in your graphics, will do color separations, B&W, or negatives, and lets you change display mode. Posters allows you to print any picture in sizes ranging from 1” to 10’ square. (See full review in Jan. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 55.) Diamond Impulse $ 79.95 Supports HAM, oversoar, and image processing. NewTek $ 79.95; 512K required; 1 meg recommended A paint program that supports HAM. Does dithered fills, lasso cut and paste, and colorizing of B&W. Effects include double, mirror, half size, blend, tint, smooth shading, rubthrough, and negative. Probably the standard for HAM paint programs. (See full review in March ’88 Ahoy!, p. 53.) Express Paint 3.0 Brown-Wagh (by PAR) $ 139.95 Allows 64-color painting using extra halfbrite. Import and merge IFF images. “Peel” images off page. Set default startup features. Nearly unlimited undo and a reverse “redo.” Vertical page size limited by RAM; horizontal limit is 8192 pixels. Can have multiple brushes in memory and replace colors in a brush. Make a 2D brush into a 3D object. Print a portion of an image. Supports PostScript. Version 3.0 adds virtual pages, unlimited undos, 3D perspective, and other new features. (See full review of an earlier version in May ’88 AmigaUser, p. 64.) Express Tools for Express Paint Brown-Wagh (by PAR) $ 9.95 S&H for Express Paint owners A package of utilities. Scroll IFF presentations vertically or horizontally. Control fade, time, speed, etc. Position, scale, and rotate multiple IFF images on a page. Convert HAM to 2 to 64 colors. Convert any screen image to an IFF file. Graphiciaft Commodore $ 49.95 A 2D paint program. The Graphics Studio Accolade $ 49.95; 512K required. Has all the standard painting tools and features like flip, rotate, drop shadows, and zoom. Supports lo-res and hi-res, but not HAM. Includes slideshow. Five default fill patterns you can edit, or make your own. 32 colore at a time. Works with page larger than the screen, fast scrolls. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 54.) Photo Paint 2.0 Microlllusions $ 99.95; 512K required, 1 meg recommended Supports HAM and is compatible with other HAM software. Lets you convert your IFF images to HAM. Brushes can be tilted, rotated, resized, and mapped to a 3D object. Specify light source, intensity, and shading. Can change palette without affecting colors on screen. No spray gun or fill pattern. Supports PAL, NTSC, and oversoar. Version 2.0 improvements include rub-through, brush patterns, new drawing modes, stencil, adjustable-spray air brush, and ColorFont support. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 48.) Prism Plus with Prism Impulse $ 69.95 A HAM editor. Allow two 4096-color images up to 1024 pixels square. Prism Plus requires 1 meg; Prism works in 512K. Professional Draw Gold Disk $ 199.95 o in O A drawing program that focuses on smooth curves even with enlargements. Has mouse-controlled rotation, scaling, shearing, and distortion. Built-in color separator supports printed output. 3D RENDERING PROGRAMS — 3D OBJECT EDITORS Creating 3D objects is critical to many applications. Study TV election coverage, sports, or commercials, and you’ll see increasing use of 3D. The uses of 3D in the scientific and educational environments are really just beginning to be explored. 0 3-Demon Mimetics $ 99.95; 1 meg required Allows you to create and manipulate solid 3D objects in a single window, seeing the object as you build it. You can read, write, translate, and modify objects from other 3D programs. Supports sub-objects. Object size is limited only by memory, with no limit on the number of surfaces. Has some interesting viewing options like fisheye and fly-around. C-Light R. Peterson $ 49; 512K required A modular program that lets you create objects from spheres, cylinders, and cubes, and do ray tracing. Allows four colors with shading. Scenes can have 170 objects and 170 light sources. Supports NTSC, PAL, and oversoar. Modeler 3D Aegis $ 99.95 3D object generation program for Videoscape 3D animations with many features. Also works with Sculpt 3D. Uses standard three-window view (front, top, side) plus perspective (isometric) preview and can work with X- Y-Z coordinates. Supports 68020 and 68881 and PAL. Lets you work with eight layers of an object. Opticks Incognito Software $ 99.95 Does 3D rendering. Has stereo pair capability to support X-Specs 3D. Includes a perspective view, surface mapping, and various types of lighting. Lets you import objects from VideoScape 3D and 3-Demon. 0 in PageRender 3-D Mindware $ 159.95 A 3D rendering program that supports stereo vision, any number of bit planes, control over motion, automatic light source repositioning, and more. Includes stereovision glasses. Supports X-Specs 3D and images larger than screen. Sculpt 3-D Byte By Byte $ 99.95; 512K required, 1 meg recommended Creates and edits solid 3D objects. Uses front, top, and side views while you create. Use any of the standard shapes or spin an object from any curved line. Build with slices. Position objects, lighting, and observer. Produces ray-traced pictures. Spin, rotate, and extrude 2D to 3D. Effects include shadows, reflections, and smooth shading. Supports oversoar. (See full review in Nov. ’87 Ahoy!, p. 57.) 2D ANIMATION PROGRAMS Animation programs whether they work with 2D or solid objects bring life to your Amiga screen. We associate motion with both plant and animal life, so motion onscreen lends something to our productions that still pictures, no matter how artistic, cannot. Aegis Animator Aegis $ 99.95 Does polymorphic animation. Aegis Images included. Hash Animator Jr. $ 79.95 Use to assemble animations. DeluxeProductions Electronic Arts $ 199.95; 1 meg required, 1.5 recommended Does double-buffered 2D animations, in 16 color hires, of objects across painted backgrounds. Includes fonts and artwork. Each scene can have up to five objects, and each object’s path can have ten points (movement between points is straight line). Provides over 40 screen effects -blinds, scatter, spiral for both objects and backgrounds. Cannot be used to create images. No sound or HAM. Supports color cycling, genlock, and oversoar. Deluxe Video 1.2 Electronic Arts $ 129.95; 512K required, 1 meg and 2nd drive recommended Does animation and titling. Supports music in animations, rolling credits, and special effects. The “post production kit” lets you automate the creation of scenes. Does flashy openings, titles, and wipes. Fantavision Broderbund $ 59.95 A 2D, object-oriented animation program. Can automatically generate up to 128 frames in between the ones you design. Objects are built from points, with points per object and objects per screen limited by RAM and screen resolution. Includes object-oriented drawing tools. Allows 32 colors at a time. Use any IFF picture as a background or object (manipulation of such objects is limited). Use LIVE! Images as background. Supports synchronized soundtracks. Zoetrope: The Animation System Antic $ 139.95; 1 meg required Move or rotate objects through 3D space. Handles cell animation. Supports composite overlay and underlay of pictures and animations. Includes drawing tools and can import IFF files and brushes. Supports 32 X 200 lo-res. Does not support ANIM format. SOLID OBJECT ANIMATION PROGRAMS 3-Tupla $ 299.95 Mitchell Ware Systems Produces 3D animations. Allows creation of 3D objects. Animate 3-D Byte By Byte $ 149.95 Produces ray-traced animations with objects produced by Sculpt 3D or by this package. Moves objects, lights, and camera. You control rotation, timing, etc. with a script or through the graphical interface. Use IFF images as foregrounds or backgrounds to objects. Link objects for complex motion. Wireframe preview. Store compressed animations, control single-frame VCR, and render images to frame buffer. Supports oversoar and genlock. Animation: Apprentice 3.2 Hash $ 299.95; 1 meg required Produces 3D character animations with shading and highlights. Combine front and side views to create 3D objects. Design motions and save them into libraries. Surface map any IFF picture onto your objects. Supports multiple characters, keyframing, lip sync, HAM, genlock, and oversoar. Move an object and its attached parts follow (move the legs and the torso, head, and arms will come along). Caligari Octree $ 1995 ($ 18 tor a demo); 1 meg required A script-based modeling system for 3D animation and fast rendering. Build objects using wireframe representations in 3D, not using three views. To do animations, you must have a VTR and a single-frame controller. Includes a library of objects and primitives. Forms In Flight II Micro Magic $ 119; 1 meg required A 3D graphics 3D modeling animation package. Create 2D and 3D objects. Pan, magnify, and shade. Produces curved (not faceted) 3D surfaces and Phong (smooth) shading. Maps IFF images onto curved 3D surfaces of any image. Does not use scripts. Realtime playback with oversoar. Animation tools can define complex motions. Sculpt-Animate 4D Byte By Byte $ 499.95 The next step up from Sculpt 3D and Animate 3D for professional animations. Among many other features, supports ray-traced and scanline animations and boolean operations on objects. Turbo Silver 3.0 Impulse $ 199 Animate by connecting frames or ty specifying object paths. Assemble up to 999 frames into an animation. Can import brushes from a paint program and map brushes onto objects. Enhances speed and features of prior version. Can be used to create objects. Uses only one requestor for all camera settings and one for all global settings. Supports 68020 and 68030. Video Effects 3D InnoVision $ 199; 1 meg and 2 drives required Produces 3D animations, titles, and effects at 60 frames per second. Lets you do spins, twists, zooms, and tumbles. Stores 20 seconds of animation on a floppy. Has perspective drawing and many effects like drop shadows and extruded (3D) logos. Works in hires with up to eight colors per screen. VideoScape 3D 2.0 Aegis $ 199.95 A 3D animation and solid modeling program. Scripts control lights, camera, and objects. Supports oversoar and genlock. Adds many features to the original, including HAM, extra halfbrite, new surfaces like transparent and chrome, Phong shading, severe oversoar, PAL, and object tracking. ANIMATION SEQUENCERS Animation sequencers range from slideshow programs that merely display one IFF image after another to sophisticated animation programs with loads of features. This category overlaps heavily with the previous two. Animation: Flipper Hash $ 59.95; 1 meg and 2 drives required per second, color cycling, and special effects. (See full review in March ’89 AmigaUser, p. 59.) Preview — or “penciltest”-cell animations. Packs any series of pictures together on a disk, then plays them as an animated sequence. You control playback rate and PageFlipper Mindware $ 29.95 direction. Store animations in ANIM or HASH formats. Makes animations from IFF pictures at 30 frames per second. Uses all RAM up to 8 megs. Supports oversoar. Animotion Finally Technologies $ 99.95 PageFlipper Plus FIX Mindware A cell animator. $ 159.95; 512K required, 2 drives recommended A 2D cell animation editor. Smooth, fast animations, The Director Right Answers Group $ 69.95 from scripts, of any IFF image. Use with PageRender 3D for 3D animations. Compresses animations. Allows A script-based animation language. If you’ve seen “The Probe Sequence,” you’ve seen this program in action. Supports full or partial page-flipping cell animation, fades, wipes, dissolves, color-cycling, etc. Can preload images to extent of RAM, and synchronize sounds editing of backgrounds. Comes with 76 built-in transitions blinds, wipes, fades and lets you design your own. Run separate animations concurrently in different bit planes. With visual sequences. Has over 80 commands, similar to BASIC. Can accept user input while displaying Photon Video: Cel Animator Microillusions $ 149.95; 512K required animation. Use to create animations. Each frame is numbered and has its own palette and sounds. Lets you preview Toolkit for The Director Right Answers Group $ 39.95 animation and specify order of frames, timing, speed, and delay. Includes a pencil test option with B&W video. Includes more wipes, screen saves, ANIM compressor, and several improved functions. The Ihlking Animator JMH $ 49.95 Lights! Camera! Actlonl Aegis $ 79.95; 1 meg and 2 drives required Does animations with page flipping. Supports speech. Make desktop slideshow presentations from pictures, animations, sampled sounds, and music. Uses IFF images, including HAM, ANIM animations, Sonix musical scores, and IFF sampled sounds. Has over 40 transitions and effects. Supports all screen resolutions, genlock, and PAL. (See full review in Dec. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 48.) TVShow Brown-Wagh (Zuma Group) $ 99.95 A script editor and player. Script length limited only by RAM. Combine title and picture screens and brushes built with other software into shows. Over 50 transitions, including rolls, wipes, splits, and spirals. Review any part of a script. Incorporate speech. Merge scripts. Won’t use ANIM files or sampled sounds. User can have some MovleSetter Gold Disk $ 99.95; 1 meg required control over presentations. An animation package with which you can create action sequences accompanied by stereo sound. Use the V. I.V.A. Presents Knowledgeware $ 250 included movie clip files
or create or import your own 32-color images. Supports
oversoar, up to 60 frames Build interactive presentations and
slideshows. Useful for computer-aided instruction or training. SPECIAL EFFECTS GENERATORS Anlmatlon: Effects Hash $ 49.95; 1 meg required Add special effects to your animations. Uses any resolution IFF image. Supports genlock and oversoar. Scripts allow complex object movements. Consists of three programs-Wipe, Scroll, and Flip. One of a series that includes Animation: Stand (listed next) and Animation: Multiplane (February ’89 AmigaUser, p. 23). Anlmatlon: Stand Hash $ 49.95; 1 meg and 2 drives required Simulates camera moves in traditional animations. Lets you pan across scene, fade, and zoom in on a feature (interpolates to avoid jaggies). Preview, add, delete, or list keyframes and auto-generate “in-between” frames. Generates overscanned, 4096 color, realtime playback disk files. Accepts input pictures in any resolution, including HAM, interlace, and oversoar. Plays 30 to 60 frames a second. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 60.) In real time. Includes effects such as mirroring, mosaic, freeze frame, and strobe. Use with imported pictures. Mix moving and still shots. (See full review in Feb. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 57.) Invision Elan Design $ 129; 512K and 2 drives required Works with LIVE! Digitizer to capture moving images CHARACTER GENERATORS Character generators are used for titling and credits. They emphasize the professional quality of your work. Using a genlock, you can overlay titles on a video image. Otherwise, you’ll have to electronically “splice” your titles in. These programs can create stunning effects for use in videos and slideshows. Many home video buffs will be familiar with hardware character generators that accomplish much the same thing, though often with less flexibility. Broadcast Titler InnoVision $ 299.95; 1.5 megs required Station Manager Character Generator ACS $ 295; 1 meg required A character generator. Works with standard Amiga fonts and with ColorFonts. Has an effective resolution of 2160 X 1440 to eliminate jaggies. Allows the use of 320 hires colors per page. Over 100 page and line transitions. Can handle up to 1000 pages of stored text and graphics. A versatile character generating system. Not only supports an unlimited number of commercial and public domain fonts, but also creates ’scrawl files that can be used to replace clips inside Deluxe Productions. Fully mouse driven, it provides features not found elsewhere. TV'Text Brown-Wagh (Zuma Group) Easy Titler JMH Software $ 99.95; 512K required, 1 meg and 2nd drive recommended $ 49.95 A character generator that uses any Amiga font and A character generator with 3-color script, block, and bold block type. Supports only a few transitions. Build slideshows with up to 16 screens. Includes shadows, strobes, 3D extrusion, background patterns, rotation, etc. Has nine fonts. You design titles and program can find fonts to fit area. Backgrounds include grid, tile, and wallpaper. Has simple drawing Pro Video CGI PVS Publishing $ 199.95 tools, undo, and resize. Load IFF files as backgrounds or overlays. Supports 640 X 200, 640 X 400, and overs character generator with many video effects, including shadows, flash, sequence, pulls, checkerboards, scan, but no more than eight colors. Crawls, and grid. Uses only hires mode. Has nine resident fonts and thirteen drop shadows. PAL version available. VideoTitler 1.1 Aegis $ 149.95; 512K required, 1 meg and 2 drives recommended Create elaborate titles and use IFF pictures as backgrounds. Includes 20 font styles, such as embossed and Pro Video Plus PVS Publishing $ 299.95; 1 meg required 3D, that you can use or customize. Can use its own special format Poly Fonts (five included), which can be Not an upgrade to Pro Video CGI (above), but a more advanced program. Includes 90 transitions and advanced professional features. Has seven more fonts and graphics. Allows the use of IFF images for creating backgrounds. Spaced, twisted, and stretched. Up to 32 colors, or 64 with extra halfbrite. Will not import HAM-IFF pictures. Supports oversoar. Includes VideoSeg for slideshow presentations (over 50 transitions available); can incorporate VideoTitler screens and IFF frames into animations. (See full review in Aug. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 58.) FONT EDITORS Workbench fonts just don’t make it for video presentations. They are designed for screen displays of text. For video, you need fonts that are big, and 3D, and colored, and textured. AmigaMetaFont Radical Eye $ 75 or ColorFonts with up to 16 colors and patterns. Map an IFF picture onto a font. An included utility, Color-Create new fonts and edit existing fonts. Text, allows many other programs to use your ColorFonts. You could use this program to convert fonts from Calligrapher InterActive Softworks $ 129.95; 512K required, 1 meg recommended other computers. (See full review in May ’88 AmigaUser, p. 79.) Edit fonts or create new ones. Work with regular fonts 68 AmigaUser Interfont (with Interchange) Syndesis tion programs. Create 3D objects from fonts. Supports $ 119.95 ($ 79.95 upgrade for Interchange owners) Sculpt 3D and Videoscape 3D. Additional $ 19.95 module Design custom fonts for use with various 3D anima-for Turbo Silver and Forms in Flight II. GRAPHICS MANIPULATION UTILITIES If you work with more than two or three of the programs above, you may find that these utilities can save you a migraine or two. O o in o Butcher 2.0 Eagle Ttee $ 37; 512K required, 1 meg recommended A utility program. Manipulate and enhance IFF images created with other packages. Automatically changes to the resolution of a picture you load. Load three palettes at once. Makes hires or lo-res images from your HAM pictures. Features include pixel counting, edge detection, horizontal and vertical flip, and tiled mosaics. Add, delete, and swap bit planes. Uses blitter for speed. (See full review in Sept. ’87 Ahoy!, p. 57.) Interchange $ 49.95 Use to convert the formats (including color and texture) of 3D images so you can move among the popular (incompatible) programs. Works with Sculpt 3D and VideoScape 3D. Separate $ 19.95 modules are required for Turbo Silver and Forms in Flight. Just select two program modules and a file, then click on convert. MISCELLANEOUS SOFTWARE We apologize for not doing a better job of fitting these into the categories above. In some cases, they refused to fit; in other cases, we just couldn’t decide. Aegis Impact! Aegis $ 89.95; 512K required, 1 meg recommended Prepare presentation graphics of data, intended for ering objects in panels. (See full review in Jan. ’89 AmigaUser, p. 48.) Business settings. Design screen displays with complicated graphics and text overlays. Includes a slideshow D-Buddy Digital Creations $ 79.95 program. (See full review in March ’87 Ahoy!, p. 60.) Utilities for IFF images produced with paint programs. Animation;Editor Hash $ 59.95 Deluxe Help RGB Video Creations $ 44.95 for Calligrapher; 1 meg and 2 drives required Combine and edit animations from different software packages. Convert resolutions and colors. Extract single frames from, and insert single frames into, packed animations. $ 34.95 for Deluxe Paint II; 512K and 2 drives required $ 34.95 for Digi-Paint; 1 meg and 2 drives required $ 34.95 for Photon Paint; 1 meg and 2 drives required $ 34.95 for PageSetter; 1 meg required, 2 drives recommended Animation: Multiplane Hash $ 89.95; 1 meg required You can flip between the actual program and these help screens. Starts with the basics and continues Use with animations built with other programs to move foreground and background planes above below each other. Includes dissolves, transparency, strobing, drop shadows, pixelation, etc. through more sophisticated features. The talking mouse pointer is slick. (See full review in Dec. ’88 AmigaUser, p. 56.) Dougis Color Commander Seven Seas Animation: Rotoscope Hash $ 29.95 $ 79.95 Multitask this program, then pop up its color gadget Edit single frames. Whenever you need to manipulate the palette. Control RGB values, hue and saturation, and contrast. Store palComicSetter Gold Disk $ 99.95 Create multiple pages with multiple panels. Maximum cotes or move them among pictures. Edit Decision List Processor Microillusions page size is 1008 x 1008 pixels. Create images by layUse to build edit lists. AmigaUser PIXmate Progressive Peripherals $ 69.95 An image processing system that performs over 3000 special effects. Converts to and from all Amiga graphics modes and resolution. You can resize and merge graphics and reduce the number of colors in an image. Lores in 32 or 64 (extra halfbrite) colors. Will color cycle, has undo. Lets you clip and flip between two screens or combine them. Elan Performer Elan Design $ 49 Display IFF images, created with other software, interactively. Grabbit Discovery $ 29.95 Freeze an Amiga image and save it to disk. Supports color printers. Works with running animations. Stores images in IFF format. Requires 10K to reside in your Amiga. A LighlBox R&DL Still in the works at press time, this will be a drawing tool for animators that supports traditional drawing techniques. ETC. BOOKS, TAPES, AND A MAGAZINE The Mandala Very Vivid c. $ 400 Lets a person on camera “point” to correspond to a
position on screen. Use to play onscreen “musical in
struments” or otherwise control and interact with the Amiga. Requires A-Squared’s LIVE! Digitizer. MicroFiche Filer Plus Software Visions $ 179 A database program based on a microfiche metaphor. Supports Arexx, macros, and calculations. Handles IFF brushes and images, as well as oversoar and HAM. The less powerful MicroFiche Filer is $ 99. Either can be used to storyboard a video production. (See full review in March ’89 AmigaUser, p. 56.) Photon Video: Transport Controller Microillusions $ 299.95 Use a single-frame video controller (five supported) and this package to sequence smooth animations. Set the program to record up to 300,000 frames for any image. Includes a time-lapse module and an editor. Designed to multitask with Photon Video: Cel Animator Photosynthesis Escape Sequence $ 149.95; 1 meg and 2 drives required, 2 megs recommended A full image processing system. Includes over 40 operations. Supports four 320 X 200 depth 16 images. Includes a script interpreter and an interactive color-We hope this guide will help, but true expertise with Amiga video may require just a bit more. We’ve listed some books, VHS instructional tapes, and even another magazine that may help. Amiga 3-0 Graphics Programming in BASIC, Abacus, $ 19.95 Describes IFF format, 3D algorithms, ray tracing, and shading. Myers, Amiga User's Guide to Graphics, Sound and Telecommunications, Bantam, 1987, 239 pages, $ 18.95. HAM mode is described in the graphics chapter. BASIC is used in the discussion of animation. Guzelimlan, Kuhnert, and Rozells, Becoming an Amiga Artist, An Illustrated Guide to Amiga Graphics, Sound, and Animation, Scott, Foresman & Co., 1987, 239 pages, $ 19.95. Gives instructions on using several of the more popular commercial graphics programs. Then it discusses how to use BASIC for graphics, sound, speech, and animation and how to transfer screen images to paper, film, and videotape. The emphasis is somewhat toward business graphics. Costellq and Katz, Breaking Into Video, Simon & Schuster, 1985,180 pages, $ 7.95. Describes the video industry, especially how and where to get jobs. The only mention that’s made of computers concerns graphic artists, not micros. Describes production companies, facilities, broadcast TV, cable, and home video. Speed, Desktop Video: A Guide to Personal and Small Business Video Production, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988, 276 pages, $ 14.95. Describes computer hardware and software (focusing on the Amiga), video equipment, and audio gear. Tells how to plan, shoot, and edit a video, and provides examples. Leemon, Inside Amiga Graphics, COMPUTE! Publications, 1986, 303 pages, $ 17.95. Essentially a tutorial, with lots of examples in BASIC and C, for intermediate level programmers. Learn about the copper, the blitter, and software library functions, as well as how to use sprites and Bobs. Describes how to build a graphics system. The last 30 pages is a summary of 71 functions, most from the graphics and intuition libraries. Brand, The Media Lab: inventing the Future at MIT, Viking, 1987, 285 pages. As society moves from the industrial into the informational age, this program at MIT seeks to explore the overlap among the broadcast and motion picture industry, and print and publishing industry, and the computer industry. Not an Amiga book, but you’ll get a glimpse of the future. Map editor. Professional Color Separation Module Gold Disk $ 199.95 Divides images into the four colors offset printers use to produce full-color pictures. Station Manager Map Generator ACS $ 145; 1 meg required A high-speed cartography program designed to plot a high-resolution map of anywhere in the world in just seconds. The unique graphical user interface makes selection of the map easy. Station Manager Tape Editor ACS $ 995; 1 meg required Perform video editing, from simple cuts to A B roll. This package provides control of up to 32 video devices in the form of VHS, Super-VHS, Betacam, or 1-inch VTR’s (or any mix of formats), within its “Video Network.” All editing and control is performed using the Amiga’s software interface. Provisions for automated single-frame, time-lapse, script recordings, and edit deFriedhuber, Professional Results with Deluxe Paint II, Verlag, 2nd edition, 400 pages. Covers everything from basic drawing to advanced techniques. Whitaker and Balas, Timing for Animation, Focal Press, 1981, 144 pages, $ 37.95. If you dream anims, this book makes perfect bedtime reading. Sippl and Dahl, Vldea Computers: How to Select, Mix, and Operate Personal Computers and Home Video Systems, Prentice-Hall, 1981, 250 pages, $ 7.95. Contains clear descriptions of technical material, but watch the publication date 64K was a lot back then. Predicts “integration” of video and computer systems in our homes by 1990 using IVTs-integrated video terminals. Describes the problems of connecting digital cision list processing are also included. Station Manager Teleprompter ACS $ 295; 1 meg required A reliable teleprompting system for any TV station, business, or postproduction house. Eliminates the need for the expensive papers most teleprompters require. Station Manager Time & Scheduling ACS $ 295; 1 meg required Accurate to the second, this program does your on-air program scheduling after everything has been created, animated, edited, and is ready to go. Station Manager Weather-Link ACS $ 295; 1 meg required Provides weather graphics downloading capability for Station Manager. (Uses Accu-Graphics by Accu-Wea-ther, Inc.) WindowPrint II Computer Toolsmith $ 34.95 Dumps Amiga screens. Computers to analog video hardware. “How To Use The Amiga For Video Productions,” TV One, $ 39.95. A VHS tape that describes hooking up the system, using a genlock, and running software. “Video Guide to Deluxe Paint II” EA, $ 19.95. A 30 minute VHS tape. Learn about color palettes, gradient fills, perspective, etc. A professional artist demonstrates things like creating a palette with 256 colors. “Videomaker: The Video Camera User* Magazine,” Videomaker, $ 1.95. Reviews lots of video hardware. Features focus on video skills and equipment. Common mention of the C-64 128 and Amiga. (You’ll even see Amiga 500 video ads here.) Lists video user groups. Published six times a year. VIDEO CONTESTS We’re more than happy to review the images you create. You see the ones we like best each month in our Art Gallery. Unfortunately, these pages don’t do justice to videos. Still, recognition and public acclaim are possible. AmigaUser Art Gallery A monthly competition right in these pages. About a half dozen reader-submitted images are printed each month. Earn fame and fortune. Er, well, at least feme and a free one-year subscription to AmigaUser if your picture is published. Not a contest. First Annual AmiEXPO Art and Video Cointest To be judged at AmiEXPO New York, on March 3- 5, 1989. Contest categories are: 2D image, 3D image, digitized image, animation, and mixed media video. Grand prizes include AproDraw, CSA Accelerator, Perfect Vision, Supra hard disk, LIVE!, and Invision. Second Annual Aegis Desktop Video Contest Ran through September 1, 1988. Requires you to use an Amiga and one or more Aegis products. 1987 winners were “So What’s the Big Deal?” and “Dance of the Stumblers.” Categories for amateurs and professionals. The awards ceremony took place at the winter Comdex in Las Vegas in November 1988. SERVICE BUREAUS Service bureaus solve the heartache of preparing your own 35mm slides and transparencies from Amiga video images. They also save you the cost of investing in the hardware necessary to achieve professional results. Some can also produce color hard copy, video, and B&W laser prints. Consider service bureaus to be like hiring a professional to complete one step of the project. In addition to the ones listed here, you’ll want to check your yellow pages. A local bureau may save you time and be easier to get to know. You’ll want to check that any service bureau supports the software you used to produce your image or video. They may also provide custom services, like design, editing, or cleanup, and allow you to transmit files by modem. CV Designs A video and slide transfer service. Can provide custom art and animation. Hammond Photographic Services Produces 35mm slides, without distortion or curvature, from Amiga IFF or HAM images. First slides cost $ 4 to $ 20, depending on the number done at one time. Copies after the first are $ 1 each. Hammond can provide a guideline for the production of images intended for slide transfer. Philadelphia Video Lab Specializes in high quality transparencies and prints of Amiga screens. Also transfer Amiga animations to VCR tape format. Will soon introduce two new software packages: PVL Cal and PVL ProCal, for properly calibrating the Amiga’s color output to whatever monitor is in use. Slide City Produces 35mm slides from any Amiga Graphic, including IFF, HAM, and extra halfbrite. Typically has a 24-hour turn around time. Costs $ 3 per slide per screen (two minimum). Offers a discount for 25 or more slides. Vellum Produces 35mm slides, 4x5 transparencies, and high-quality B&W prints. Can do color dot matrix proofc. Alphabetical Index of Products Product Name Page Product Name Page Product Name Page A-Video 62 “Becoming an Amiga Artist” 70 Edit Decision List Processor 69 A1300 Genlock 61 “Breaking Into Video” 70 Elan Performer 70 A2024 Monitor 63 Broadcast Titler 68 Express Paint 3.0 64 A2350 Professional Video 62 Butcher 2.0 69 Express Tools for Express Paint 64 Adapter C-Light 65 ENC-1 62 Aegis Animator 65 C-View I and C-View II 62 Fantavision 66 Aegis Images 64 Caligari 66 First Annual AmiEXPO Art 71 Aegis Impact! 69 Calligrapher 68 and Video Contest “Amiga 3-D Graphics 70 Chroma Paint 64 flickerFixer 63 Programming in BASIC” Color Splitter for Perfect 61 Forms In Flight II 66 “Amiga User’s Guide to 70 Vision Frame Buffer 60 Graphics, Sound, and ComicSetter 69 Frame Capture 60 Telecommunications” CV Designs 72 FrameGrabber 60 AmigaLink & S-VHS 63 D-Buddy 69 Gen One 61 Workstation Deluxe Help 69 GenKey 61 AmigaMetaFont 68 Deluxe Paint U 64 Grabbit 70 AmigaUser Art Gallery 71 Deluxe Video 1.2 66 Graphicraft 64 AmiGen 61 DeluxePhotoLab 64 Hammond Photographic 72 Animate 3-D 66 DeluxeProductions 65 Services Animation: Apprentice 3.2 66 “Desktop Video: A Guide to 70 “How To Use The Amiga For 71 Animation: Editor 69 Video Productions” Video Productions” Animal ion: Effects 67 Diamond 64 Imprint 3.0 63 Animation: Flipper 67 Digi-Droid 62 “Inside Amiga Graphics” 70 Animation: Multiplane 69 Digi-Paint 2 64 Interchange 69 Animation: Rotoscope 69 Digi-View 3.0 60 Interfont 69 Animation: Stand 67 Digi-View Gold 60 Invision 68 Animator Jr. 65 Doug’s Color Commander 69 IMG Scan II 63 Animotion 67 DEST Scanner 63 IS ONE 63 AproDraw 62 Easy Titler 68 Lights! Camera! Action! 67 B-Paint 64 Easyl 63 LightBox 70 Product Name Page Product Name Page Product Name Page LIVE! 60 PIXmate 69 Turbo Silver 3.0 66 MediaPhile 63 RM-2 62 TV*Show 67 MicroFiche Filer Plus 70 Sculpt 3-D 65 TV*Text 68 Modeler 3D 65 Sculpt-Animate 4D 66 VI 500 and VI 500RF 62 MovieSetter 67 Second Annual Aegis Desktop 72 VI 2000 and VI 2000RF 62 Neriki Image Master 62 Video Contest V. I.V.A. Presents 67 Opticks 65 Slide City 72 Vellum 72
PageFlipper 67 Spectra Scan 63 “Video Computers” 71
PageFlipper Plus F X 67 Station Manager Character 68 Video
Effects 3D 66 PageReader 3-D 65 Generator “Video Guide to
Deluxe Paint 71 Perfect Vision 61 Station Manager Map 71 II”
Philadelphia Video Lab 72 Generator Video Toaster 62 Photon
Paint 2.0 64 Station Manager Tape Editor 71 “Videomaker” 71
Photon Video: Transport 70 Station Manager Teleprompter 71
VideoScape 3D 2.0 66 Controller Station Manager Time & 71
VideoTitler 1.1 68 Photosynthesis 70 Scheduling Viking 1
Monitor 63 Photon Video: Cel Animator 67 Station Manager
Weather-Link 71 VD1 60 Prism Plus with Prism 65 SuperGen 62
WindowPrint II 71 Pro Video CGI 68 The Director 67 X-Specs 3D
63 Pro Video Plus 68 The Graphics Studio 64 Zoetrope: The
Animation 66 Professional Color Separation 71 The Mandala 70
System Module “The Media Lab: Inventing the 70 184-A Light Pen
62 Professional Draw 65 Future at MIT” 3-Demon 65
“Professional Results with 71 The Talking Animator 67 3-Tupla
66 Deluxe Paint II” “Timing For Animation” 71 4004 61 ProGen
61 Toolkit for The Director 67 4005 61 Alphabetical Index of
Company Addresses A-Squared Distributions 6114 La Salle Ave.,
Suite 326 Oakland, CA 94611 Phone: 415-339-0339 Abacus 5370
52nd Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508 Phone: 616-698-0330
Accolade 550 South Winchester Blvd. San Jose, CA 95128 Phone: 408-296-8400 or 408-985-1700 ACDA Corp. 220 Belle Meade Avenue Setauket, NY 11733 Phone: 516-689-7722 ACS (Associated Computer Services) 2135 East Sunshine, Suite 106 Springfield, MO 65804 Phone: 417-887-9923 Aegis Development 2115 Pico Blvd. Santa Monica, CA 90405 Phone: 213-392-9972 or 800-345-9871 Akron Systems Development P. O. Box 6408 Beaumont, TX 77705 Phone: 409-833-2686 American
Liquid Light 2301 W. 205th Street Suite 106 Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:213-618-0274 AmiEXPO 211 East 43rd St.. Suite 301 New
York, NY 10017 Phone: 212-867-4663 AmigaUser Art Gallery 45
West 34th Street Suite 500 New York, NY 10001 Phone:
212-239-0855 Anakin Research Inc. 100 Westmore Drive, Unit 11C
Rexdale, Ontario Canada M9V 5C3 Phone: 416-744-4246 Antic
Software 544 Second Street San Francisco, CA 94107 Phone:
415-957-0886 ASDG 925 Stewart Street Madison, WI 53713 Phone:
608-273-6585 Bantam 666 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10020 Phone:
800-223-5780 Broderbund Software, Inc. 17 Paul Drive San
Rafael, CA 94903-2101 Phone: 800-527-6263 or 415-479-3500
Brown-Wagh Publishing 16795 Lark Avenue, Suite 210 Los Gatos,
CA 95030 Phone: 408-395-3838 Byte By Byte Arboretum Plaza II
9442 Capitol of Texas Highway N, Suite 150 Austin, TX 78759
Phone: 512-343-4357 C Ltd. 723 East Skinner Wichita, KS 67211 Phone: 316-267-3807 Commodore 1200 Wilson Drive West Chester, PA 19380 Phone: 215-431-9100 Communications Specialties 6090 Jericho Tlirnpike Commack, NY 11725 Phone: 516-499-0907 Compu_Art P. O. Box 712 Victoria Station, Montreal Quebec, Canada H3Z 2V8
Phone: 514-483-208’0 COMPUTE! Publications 825 Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10019 Phone: 212-315-1665 Computer Toolsmith T &
L Products 2645 Wilson Street Carlsbad, CA 92008 Phone:
619-729-4020 Creative MicroSystems, Inc. 10110 SW Nimbus B-l
Portland, OR 97223 Phone: 503-684-9300 CV Designs 61 Clewley
Road Medford, MA 02155 Phone: 617-396-8354 Designing Minds,
Inc. 3006 North Main Logan, UT 84321 Phone: 801-752-2500
Digital Creations 2865 Sunrise Blvd., Suite 103 Rancho
Cordova, CA 95670 Phone: 916-344-4825 Discovery Software 163
Conduit Street Annapolis, MD 21401 Phone: 301-268-9877 Eagle
Tree Software P. O. Box 164 Hopewell, VA 23860 Phone: 804-452-0623 Elan Design P. O. Box 31725 San Francisco, CA 94131 Phone: 415-621-8673
Electronic Arts 1820 Gateway Drive San Mateo, CA 94404 Phone:
800-245-4525 or 415-571-7171 Escape Sequence, Inc. P. O. Box 1101 Troy, NY 12180 Phone: 518-274-1547 Continued on
following page Alphabetical Index of Company Addressee
Continued from previous page Finally Technologies 25 Van Ness
Avenue San Francisco, CA 94102 Phone: 415-564-5903 Focal Press
80 Montvale Ave. Stoneham, MA 02180 Phone: 800-544-1013 GlennLock 3903 Carolyn Avenue Fairfax, VA 22031 Phone: 701-273-5663 Gold Disk 2179 Dunwin Drive ft6 Mississauga, Ontario Canada L5L IX2 Phone: 416-828-0913 or 800-387-8192 Haitex Resources, Inc. 208 Carrollton Park, Suite 1207 Carrollton, TX 75006 Phone: 214-241-8030 Hammond Photographic Services 11280 Washington Place Culver City, CA 90230 Phone: 213-390-3010 Harcourt Brace Jovanovich H. B.J. Building Orlando, FL 32887 Phone: 407-345-2000 Hash
Enterprises 2800 E. Evergreen Blvd. Vancouver, WA 98661 Phone: 206-693-7443 Impulse Inc. 6860 Shingle Creek Pkwy. 112 Minneapolis, MN 55430 Phone: 612-566-0221 or 800-328-0184 Incognito Software 34518 Warren, Suite 149 Westland, MI 48185 Phone: 313-462-2148 Inforite Corp. 1670 S, Amplett Blvd., 210 San Mateo, CA 94402 Phone: 415-571-7547 Inkwell Systems 5710 Ruffin Road San Diego, CA 92123-1013 Phone: 619-268-8792 InnoVision Technology P. O. Box 743 Hatword, CA 94543 Phone: 415-538-8355 Interactive
Microsystems 80 Merrimac St., P.O. Box 1446 Haverhill, MA
01831 Phone: 508-372-0400 Interactive Softworks 2521 South
Vista Way, Ste. 254 Carlsbad., CA 92008 Phone: 619-434-5327
JMH Software 7200 Hemlock Lane Maple Grove, MN 55369 Phone:
612-424-5464 Knowledgeware P. O. Box 2292 Paso Nobles, CA 93447 Phone: 805-238-5233 Kurta
3007 East Chambers Phoenix, AZ 85052 Phone: 602-276-5533 Magni
Systems, Inc. 9500 S.W. Gemini Drive Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone: 503-626-6225 or 800-237-5964 Microillusions 17408
Chatsworth Street Granada Hills, CA 91344 Phone: 818-360-3715
or 800-522-2041 Micro Magic 261 Hamilton Ave., 320B Palo
Alto, CA 94301 Phone: 415-327-9107 Microway P. O. Box 79 Kingston, MA 02364 Phone: 508-746-7341 Mimetics
Corp. P. O. Box 1560 Cupertino, CA 95015 Phone: 408-741-0117 Mindware
International 110 Dunlop St. W., Box 22158 Barrie, Ontario
Canada L4M 5R3 Phone: 705-737-5998 or 800-461-5441 Mitchell
Wire Systems P. O. Box 534 Southampton, PA 18966 Phone: 800-942-9273 or
215-228-7490 Moniterm 5740 Green Circle Drive Minnetonka, MN
55343 Phone: 612-935-4151 Neriki Computer Graphics PTY Ltd. Spectrum Centre, 200 Pacific Highway, Crows Nest Sydney, Australia 2065 Octree Software 311 W. 43rd Street, Suite 904 New York, NY 10036 Phone: 212-262-3116 NewTek 115 West Crane Street Topeka, KS 66603 Phone: 800-843-8934 or 913-354-1146 PAR Software Inc. (distributed by Brown-Wagh) P. O. Box 1089 Vancouver, WA 98666 Phone: 206-695-1368 Ronald
Peterson P. O. Box 614 Milford, NH 03055 Phone: 603-673-4009 Philadelphia
Video Lab 2212-14 Walnut St. Philadelphia, PA 19103 Phone:
215-567-3222 Polaroid Corporation 575 Technology Square-9P
Cambridge, MA 02139 Phone: 617-577-3796 Prentice Hall One Gulf
& Western Plaza New York, NY 10022 Phone: 212-373-8500
Progressive Peripherals 464 Kalamath Street Denver, CO 80204
Phone: 303-825-4144 PVS Publishing 3800 Botticelli, Suite 40
Lake Oswego, OR 97035 Phone: 503-636-8677 R&DL Productions
11-24 46th Avenue, 2A Long Island City, NY 11101 Phone:
718-392-4090 RGB Video Creations 3944 Florida Blvd., Suite 102
Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410 Phone: 407-622-0138 Radical Eye
Software Box 2081 Stanford, CA 94309 Phone: 415-322-6442 Right
Answers Group P. O. Box 3699 Torrance, CA 90510 Phone: 213-325-1311 SciTech
Corp. 1450 NW 78th Street Miami, FL 33126 Phone: 305-591-1620
Scott, Foresman & Co. 99 Bauer Drive Oakland, NJ 07436 Phone: 800-554-4411 Seven Seas Software P. O. Box 411 Port Townsend, WA 98368 Phone: 206-385-1956
Seymor-Radix P. O. Box 166055 Irving, TX 75016 Phone: 214-255-7490 Simon &
Schuster 1230 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10020 Phone:
212-698-7000 Software Visions P. O. Box 3319 Framingham, MA 01701 Phone: 800-527-7014 Slide
City 6474 Highway 11 Deleon Springs, FL 32028 Phone:
904-985-1103 Summagraphics Corporation 60 Silvermine Road
Seymour, CT 06483 SunRize Industries 3801 Old College Road
Bryan, TX 77801 Phone: 409-846-1311 Syndesis 20 West Street
Wilmington, MA 01887 Phone: 508-657-5585 TV One Productions
1027 Sussex Avenue Deptford, NJ 08096 Phone: 609-848-5698
Vellum 37 Staffem Drive, Unit 3 Concord, Ontario Canada L4K
2X2 Phone: 416-738-2300 Verlag P. O. Box 3414 Providence, RI 02906 Phone: 401-831-4335 Very
Vivid 302-1499 Queen Street West Toronto, Ontario Canada M6R
1A3 Phone: 416-738-6535 Videomaker, Inc. 381 East 4th Street
Chico, CA 95928 Escondido, CA 92025 Phone: 916-891-8410 Viking
40 West 23rd Street New York, NY 10010 Phone: 212-337-5200
Wollner Associates 3306 Horseman Lane Falls Church, VA 22042
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Floppy Drive 12' Monitor Serial & Parallel Ports Keyboard Box
of 10 Diskettes MS D0S GW Basic l o m m o d n r r AMIGA 2000
COMPLETE WITH: 1084S RGB COLOR MONITOR AMIGA SOFTWARE * 499 Certified Check.Bank Check approved P.O.'s, Money Orders,
Visa, Mastercard, Am-Ex, Carle-Blanche, & COD'S accepted. No
additional surcharge tor Credit Card orders. Non-cerlilied
checks must wail 4-6 weeks kz clearance. N.Y. residents add
applicable sates lax. Prices and availability subject lochange
without notice. Not responsible lor lypographical errors. Return of dlective merchandise must have return authorization number or returns will nol be accepted. IBM PC'XT are registered trademarks of International Business Machine Corp APO FRO orders please add 15°'« shipping & handling All APOFPO are shipped lirst class pr tor ily air. All orders can be shipped Air RUSH SERVICE AVAILABLE-CALL FOR DETAILS Circle 255 on Reader Service Card Express-call lor details D C A 0800733 International Soccer A. M.A.S. The Advanced MIDI Amiga Sampler 05 DH?aiiBD POXN ii la
¦l!¦ ¦ DFF j’ j j IIIP« l»Ll HMH Mnt1 oia IHFD QUIT OD "O
IlkJi BR'JE LORD “Without a doubt the best of the soccer
action games” Amiga Computing, October 1988 If you’re a soccer
fan, then Microdeal’s International Soccer is the game for
you. Superb graphics, plus the ability to select team colors,
wind direction and speed, wet or dry weather, and day or night
game conditions, make this one of the best simulations ever. You can have high caliber competition under any conditions. One or two players can take on the computer, or two players can play against each other. With the optional four player adapter from Microdeal you can pit three players against the computer, two players against two players, ICRODE I or two against one. You won’t believe the action. The animated crowd, electronic scoreboard, and on screen refereeing keep the gameplay fast and furious. Don’t be left out of bounds. International Soccer is playing now! (Color only 1,2,3, or 4 joysticks required, optional 4 player adapter available) AMAS is a full featured Stereo audio digitizer complete with a full implementation MIDI interface, all built into a single stylish hardware unit that compliments your computer. There are no cumbersome extras needed. The digitizer accepts mono or stereo input via its line input sockets and is provided with an extra microphone socket for direct vocal input. The MIDI sockets consist of MIDI IN, OUT, and THRU. Hardware versions exist in A1000 and A500 2000 formats. The software employs the ultimate graphics mouse user interface. Features include: * • Left, Right or stereo digitizing »¦ Sampling rates of up to
28Khz. Dual real time oscilloscopes (1 for each channel) ¦
Real time spectrum analysis * ¦ Auto record trigger on input level ¦ Up to eight banks on 2
meg machines (200-250k required per bank) — Up to 10 stereo samples per bank — Load and Save samples in RAW or IFF data formats ¦ Filter
ON OFF where applicable All Editing functions are available
including: Cut, Paste, Insert, Delete, Copy, Overlay, Mix,
Reverse, Fade In Out, Volume Up Down, Sample Compress Expand,
Filter, Stereo “Bounce”, and Channel Swap. Why settle for less than the best? Ask your dealer for a demonstration today! N.,.. _ me c iuaci — ii t « 1 Plus Reviews of ComicSet-ter,
Magellan, Rocket Ranger, DeluxePhotoLab, Battle Chess, DSM
Disassembler, more.

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