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the Amiga community. Added to these concerns is the silence enforced on VIScorp executives until the sale is finalized. With VIScorp unable to discuss their plans (or even formulate them with other companies), many Amiga users are losing faith that anything will be done. Meanwhile, competition from the PC market is not only encroaching on the Amiga's business, but it is rapidly annihilating the Macintosh's position as well. If Apple cannot keep MSDOS at bay, many question how the Amiga can. Oh, wait! You thought I was going to say there is a window of hope. There must be an opportunity we have not yet realized or an option we have yet to explore. There are always hopes and there are always options. I am a constant optimist. However, we in the Amiga community would be less than honest with ourselves if we did not face these realities. Still, there are opportunities, Due to its versatile nature, the Amiga comes equipped with built-in options. The Amiga is a highly adaptable platform and it is high time we took advantage of that fact. Beat'em? Join'em! In this issue's Feedback on page 6, Robert Benjamin of Wysox, PA, suggests that the Amiga should be produced and distributed as an MSDOS compatible system. The Amiga has always had this opportunity (Commodore was one of the companies licensed to produce PCcompatible chips) but no one has ever offered an Amiga/MSDOS machine without the use of emulator software or cards. For some time, I have believed the best way to introduce the world to Amiga technology is to use Amigas to augment other computer networks. Place Amigas in offices with MSDOS and Macintosh machines. The Amiga could be used to do the tasks it does best, while the MSDOS and Mac machines could continue to perform the functions they were originally purchased to do.

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Document sans nom Phase5 promises a new Amiga clone for 1997 I1VVA COMPUTING You r Original AMIGA Monthly Uesource' 1 r Morie Screens An option for video animation Mtim Improve your O O MjH perception on your web site.
Wm Amiga PGP Pretty Good Privacy Protecting your data on the internet!
No yy Things Are Happening With The Amiga $ 1997 A4000T - 540MB 6MB $ 2699 A4060T - 540MB 6MB $ 3249 A4060T - 2GB 18MB 6X-CD $ 3999 A4060T - 4GB 34MB 8X-CD Unbeatable Price Factory Direct trade-up for A4060T Accelerator $ 749* Amiga Internet Kit with Netcom $ 29.95 Included with Every System 3 Ways to Order
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* To qualify for irade-up user must return an operational Tower
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Great News for the Amiga Market “the Amiga OS remains one of the great operation systems of the past 20 years... tremendous multitasking capability... it’s the single most reliable piece of equipment I’ve ever owned... high quality machinery... to this day, there is very little memory hogging, CD-ROM loading OS can do that an Amiga can’t.” | John Dvorak, PC Magazine, October 1996 QuikPak Corporation Manufactures Amiga 4000Ts right here in the U.S.A. This has made the promotional pricing in this ad possible immediately through the following QUIKPAK AUTHORIZED DISTRIBUTORS and their dealers.
Micro-Pace Champaign, IL (217) 356-1884 Creative Equipment Miami, FL (305) 266-2800 New!
Cyberchannel Wilmington, DE (800) 292-2732 E-mail Internet Orders Software Hut Philadelphia, PA (610)586-5704 New Canadian Distributor!
Comspec Communications Toronto, ONT (416) 785-3553 Full Wan'anty Center instant internet Recess Jgt from ifcbinson Cbnsulting I.S. V Will get your Amiga on the Net with one month access time through Netcom (U.S.A.) or NETCOM iStar (Canada) 1-888-QuikPak QUALITY QUICKLY www.amigasupport.com quikpak UIKPAK CyberChannel committed to the AMIGA platform - 1 a 1 © J dome 1 Be load Load Images Find CMKUIMt Amiga A4000T w
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www.CChannel.com for updated information i ... ------------- -
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Pike Sales@CChannel.com Wilmington DE, 19803 1»800*292»2732
www. C Channel.com ° Sales to Distributors, Dealers, End Users
° Factory Fresh Amiga A4000T and A4060T ° QuikPak One Year
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Changes ° Dealers and Distributors call for New Quantity
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from the President.. We at CyberChannel believe in the future
of the Amiga Product line. Our committment to Amiga is based
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Picking a Color Page 20 New System Booster CD, P.9 VVA phase5 Has Announced A New Amiga!
Check the latest specifications for a new Amiga clone system promised for 1997 Page 48.
Moire Patterns (or Video, P. 14 Yetch!
Yetch YflloN Outlining on the Amiga, P. 18 27 On Line 34 Amiga PGP in Michael Tobin M.D., PhD.
Pretty Good Privacy can protect your medical records and a whole lot more! If security is an issue with you on the internet or at any time you are sending files PGP may be the answer.
On-Line, P.27 DEPARTMENTS Editorial 4 FeedBack 6 Index of Advertisers 40 42 The Midwest What brings Amiga users together?, P.42 9 New Products & Other neat stuff MathScript V3.0, Directory Opus 5.5, amiSpider, and Big ED are all now avail* able. Plus Cronus introduces three new Cds, the Guru-ROM V6 A2091 can improve your GVP SCSI adaptor, and more!
14 Halftone Screens for Video Projects by R. Shamms Morticr While moire patterns are a problem on the printed page, they can be a boon to the Video Artist.
18 Stack'em, Dan-O!
Using Layers to Create Outline Effects by Nick Cook Layering or stacking is an easy method to create wider and cleaner outlines.
20 Color Use on the Web by R. Shamms Mortier A Web designer has a global audience of potentially hundreds of millions of viewers every day. Awareness of the cultural differences in the perception of color is a must.
30 Web Typesetting Part 10: Today and Tommorrow by Randy Finch Randy Finch completes his series on Web publishing by looking at the future of the Web and the questions we must ask today.
January editorials are almost always used for looking back over the events of the last year and attempting to put everything in a proper perspective. With the Amiga, it is a little more difficult.
This past year for Amiga users has not been as positive as any of us would have liked. The Escom bankruptcy and the continual delay to complete the sale to VIScorp has caused many anxious moments in the Amiga community. Added to these concerns is the silence enforced on VIScorp executives until the sale is finalized. With VIScorp unable to discuss their plans (or even formulate them with other companies), many Amiga users are losing faith that anything will be done.
Meanwhile, competition from the PC market is not only encroaching on the Amiga's business, but it is rapidly annihilating the Macintosh's position as well. If Apple cannot keep MSDOS at bay, many question how the Amiga can.
Oh, wait! You thought I was going to say there is a window of hope. There must be an opportunity we have not yet realized or an option we have yet to explore. There are always hopes and there are always options. I am a constant optimist. However, we in the Amiga community would be less than honest with ourselves if we did not face these realities.
Still, there are opportunities. Due to its versatile nature, the Amiga comes equipped with built-in options. The Amiga is a highly adaptable platform and it is high time we took advantage of that fact.
Beat’em? Join’em!
In this issue's Feedback on page 6, Robert Benjamin of Wvsox, PA, suggests that the Amiga should be produced and distributed as an MSDOS compatible system. The Amiga has always had this opportunity (Commodore was one of the companies licensed to produce PC- compatible chips) but no one has ever offered an Amiga MSDOS machine without the use of emulator software or cards.
For some time, I have believed the best way to introduce the world to Amiga technology is to use Amigas to augment other computer networks. Place Amigas in offices with MSDOS and Macintosh machines. The Amiga could be used to do the tasks it does best, while the MSDOS and Mac machines could continue to perform the functions they were originally purchased to do. After some time and with the right support, the Amiga could begin to take over functions and operations generally reserved for the other platforms.
Granted, this was a better idea when the price differential between Amiga computers and the other machines was heavily in the Amiga's favor, but there are still possibilities.
Advantages to the MSDOS and Mac networks would be the addition of a computer platform that truly multitasked and which could also emulate either system. The Amiga could do a variety of multimedia tasks better, faster, and less expensively than they could be done by the original computers. The Amiga could open a variety of opportunities to the PC and Mac market by trading on its natural video, audio, multitasking, memory conservative, graphics, and other features.
Advantages to the Amiga community are obvious. With more machines in circulation and with those machines in highly productive settings, the demand for Amiga software will increase. There would also be an increase in demand for more Mac and MSDOS software to be compatible with the Amiga. With the Amiga's multitasking and inherent graphic abilities still on a par or better than the other two systems, there could be a real demand for products such as PageMaker, Quark, AutoCad, Microsoft Word, and others to be cross-platform compatible. The Amiga would literally be reintroduced to mainstream
Other Areas Of course the Amiga still remains superior on its own in areas such as the settop market that VIScorp is building, or the 3D arena and small television market that NewTek has pioneered. Its versatility allows the Amiga to prosper in many areas.
I believe with this penetration, the Amiga can demonstrate its abilities on a one to one setting with its competition.
With the possibility of the A Box (see page 48) and the keen interests of companies such as QuikPak, it is evident that the Amiga has a future even with the delays from VIScorp. This does not even begin to suggest the advantages the Amiga still has in areas such as Internet hardware.
And as I said last month, the future of the Amiga has always been in the hands of its users. The Amiga can be used as a stand alone unit or in combination with its competitors. But the Amiga must be used and that depends on all of us.
Amazing amiga JL Ac ovn-uti- . Of Anwzing Computing AMIGA™ The Amiga’s assets are still very rich. It is time the Amiga started taking advantage of them.
ADMINISTRATION Joyce Hicks Publisher: Assistant Publisher: Intern: Robert J. Hicks Nicholas H. Pacheco Doris Gamble Robert Gamble Ernest P. Viveiros Circulation Manager: Traffic Manager: Production Manager: EDITORIAL Managing Editor: Hardware Editor: Illustrator: Contributing Editor: Don Hicks Ernest P. Viveiros Scott Brown Shamms Mortier AMAZING AUTHORS Randy Finch Rob Hays Marc Hoffman Dave Matthews 1-508-678-4200,1-800-345-3360, FAX 1-508-675-6002 http: www.pimpub.com Amazing Computing Amiga™ (ISSN 1053-4547) is published monthly by PIM Publications, Inc., P.O. Box 2140. Fall River, MA
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POSTMASTER: Send address changes to PiM Publications Inc., P.O. Box 2140, Fall River, MA 02722-
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AMIGA™ is a registered trademark of Amiga Technologies Gmbh Distributed in the U.S. & Canada by International Periodical Distributors 674 Via de ta Valle, Ste 204, Solona Beach, CA 92075 & Ingram Periodicals Inc. 1226 Heil Quaker Blvd., La Verne TN 37086 Printed in U.S.A. SS.W" 3 Button Crystal Trackball , $ 29.99 Toaster Handler ...... 99.99 HP Scanjet IIC Driver for ADPro ...... , ... 34.00 DataFiyer 270MB IDE SyQuest A4000 199.00
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Discover accepted. No surcharge on credit card orders. Credit
card is not charged until order ships. $ 5.00 COD lee.
Cash only. Prices are subject to change without notice. Call lor current pricing. We are nor responsible lor typographical errors. 15% restocking lee lor items relumed and not exchanged lor same. Customer is responsible for return shipping. Returns accepted for 10 days after invoice date. SHIPPING: 0-5 lbs. $ 5.00.6-20 lbs. Add Si. 10 lb. Over 5 tbs. Over 20 lbs. Add 50alb. Over 20 lbs. Rates apply to orders shipped in the continental US only. Canadian orders add $ 5.00 For your protection we check credit cards thoroughly. (ACM9701) Amiga’s best chance is to join the IBM market.
ULTRA HIGH RESOLUTION 4x5 COLOR TRANSPARENCIES 35mm COLOR SLIDES from ALL Amiga Computer & Video Toaster Graphics Dear AC, What is wrong with people's brains!
If the Amiga portable shown in the November issue of Amazing Computing is real, you can bet your last bit of hope, that the future of the Amiga is very dim.
This thing looks like a 19" television set from the late 70's. And as usual, if it's not IBM software compatible, then what good is it for non-Amiga users... Who in their right mind would shell out $ 3,000 or even $ 2,500 for a machine that you can only buy software for through mail order. This is nuts!! Of course it's only a prototype, so maybe the finished version will be more up to date looking, etc., but what does it matter if it's a machine you cannot buy software off the shelves, who will want it. Making a machine for Video, Toaster users, etc., is pointless, the faster IBMs are doing
everything with Toasters now.
For the prices above, 1 can buy an IBM compatible that runs at 100-130 MHZ, has full motion video, built-in modem, and has a sound card, monitor and other features. And the most important thing: there is software in almost every store; Kmart, Ames, book stores, etc. IBM is the name of computing in the USA, and the Amiga needs to be made compatible in the late 90s. To survive.
Most Amiga owners now have a second computer, an IBM or IBM done. You can buy software for IBM compatibles in stores all around my area, but mention the Amiga and you get blank stares, or a 'What's that!'
What you need is a low priced computer. That is stock Amiga IBM compatible (Power PC based), or a low priced computer that can easily be made IBM software compatible. If you have got the brains to make a low priced stock Amiga IBM compatible (Power PC based) computer, then you have got a chance.
The hope and future of the Amiga is so simple. What is wrong with designers!
Take the 1200 or a new Amiga similar in design, etc. of the 1200 (the price is too high), and give it another port, trap door, etc. Into this trap door, port, etc., you could plug a device, an IBM emulator.
When the device is inserted it's like having an IBM compatible machine. There have been IBM emulators around for quite awhile, so building this new Amiga should be very easy. Sell the machine in the same, or a lower price range of other computers in the USA. You could make a whole range of emulators to plug in 386, 486, and 586 (Pentium), etc. Then when you do this, start advertising it like the following: The Amiga is back! It's got the power, graphics, sound, and multitasking abilities others want, plus with a plug in module, it's totally IBM software compatible.
If you did this you would see the Amiga soar, like a new star being born.
Sincerely, Robert W. Benjamin Wysox, PA With the Amiga's abilities, it has always been a sound policy to introduce the Amiga as an addition to any PC or Mac network. Imagine the possibilities an Amiga brings to such a network with its additional graphics and sound capabilities. The Amiga could do a lot worse than fill such a void, and, with its introduction to more users, it could gain more credibility as a preferred system by Mac and PC users.
Dear AC, When I was around 12 years old, I begged my Mom to buy me a C64 at a garage sale. She gave in, and my computing career started. For the next few years I fought for Commodore rights as the
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Sysop of a local BBS. I upgraded as much as 1 could on a limited budget, and now 10 years later 1 am the proud owner of an Amiga 2000 with a GVP accelerator which still holds its own, and still enables me to laugh when somebody brags to me about their new Windows '95 machine.
But to get to the point, anyone who reads this knows the power we hold in our hands, but no one else does. I called AT&T recently to find out about their "free" Internet access. 1 was informed that my computer was "technology that has been laid to the side" and that in order to register for an internet account, I would have to use another computer that ran Windows software and then I could access it with my Amiga.
If Amiga users don't stand up for their rights we will lose them. It is not too hard to envision an internet controlled by Microsoft that leaves us behind, It is fun and easy to stick to our user groups and pretend IBM doesn't exist, but if we don't let the world know we are all here, we could all be staring bored into a clone running Windows sooner than we think.
Thanx, Mike Austin Myrtle Beach SC Please Write to: FeedBack c o Amazing Computing
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$ 395 AnimWorkshop H VOO different ¦ objects which can be a combination of images, text. St animations Snai SI I 9 $ 195 Pixel 3D Professional WaveLink SNAP MAPS Fields U Foliage The New An Easiest Mutimedia p x Authoring Tool For The Amiga fdlt IMACeVISION Intro Price $ 185 wjlMAG MOmueh, DIK*1** ¦ I » 1 IV | $ 10 The SolarSystem Kit contains objects, scenes. Image: brushes, h backgrounds for your aminmatlon needs. (Actual photos Irom NASA to use as backgrounds) Circle 128 on Reader Service card.
You Don't Have To Go All The Way To Hollywood Anymore To Get Grate Fx.
VISUAL FX vol-1 vol-2 Pentitrator twnfor bus cans ms = Wherem other texture libuarlet help you enhance object* you created ¦Snap Maps help you create objects!
Super Bundle: F&F plus BMStF $ 240.00 BsflSBBS The ultimate in slot expansion (or your Amiga, ft gives you 7-Zorro, 2-Videu, 4- ubb PCI, 3-ISA slots to your Amiga 4000, Together with the AGL Tower Case it provides a home for the Pentitrator System Card; Or a great expansion device for an over-loaded Amiga 4000.
Done Heep Intel Our side Your Amiga. Put a 586 Processor Into Your Amiga with the Pentitrator System Card From Anti Gravity Labsi ROYALTY FREE Stock Footage On CD-Rom Spec if cations: BUS: 13 2MB sec Pcl-Bus CPU:Pcntium 7S-1S0MHZ ROM: PC 104 EPROM RAM-. Upto 128MB Cache; 256K-1MB int. PORTS: IDE & Floppy Ext. PORTS. C0M1, COM2, PS 2 Mouse, RS-232, Enhanced Parallel Slot: Fits in the PCI £t 15A bus slot** Pentitrator XX Pentltrator-75 Pentltrator-90 Pentitrator-too Pentltrator-i2o Pentitrator-133 Pentitrator-150 Pentltrator-75Sx with.
Expander Bus Card.
AEL-Tower Case $ 1895 SnapCUPS. Shot On iSMm film & Frans Ic red To 02. SnapCUPS Provides You With High Quality Footage For Non-linear Editing Or JO Animation Needs" SnapCUPS: Airanautics $ 495 AGL Tower Casem The Perfect exspansion case for your Amiga 4000 or Video Toaster Flyer System. And A Must for the Pentitrator System Card to add all those PC peripherals.
Com9S With Expandor Bus Card.
WithOut Power Supply S640 Wifh Power 5upply S740 SNAP MAPS: Building Materials St Fabrics A
• (Soon lor A 000,400011 “(Rtquurr t.pjndor Been following the
Amiga market lately?
Rthen you must have been reading Amazing Computing, AC has been with the market on every rise, fall, twist, turn, and surprising event. Each issue AC not only reviews great products, offers interesting tutorials, and brings you up to date on everything that is coming and going in the Amiga community, we also delve into the future of the Amiga. AC has followed the course of the Amiga for over ten years. It is the longest running periodical for the Amiga and it is your best opportunity to know just what is happening in the market, before you are taken for a ride.
To climb on board just call toll-free in the US and Canada W' ,*¦« ¦ j i • m 1 V" I I J j ' * * n i '1 . Il ¦ i 11 L H
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i. M j 1 1 j 1-800-345-3360 or complete the form and send it
with check, money order, or credit card information to Amazing
Computing, PiM Publications Inc.,
P. O. Box 2140, Fall River, MA 02722.
FAX is available at 1-508-675-6002.
MathScript V3.0, Directory Opus 5.5, amiSpider, and Big ED are all now available. Plus Cronus introduces three new Cds, the Guru-ROM V6 A2091 can improve your GVP SCSI adaptor, and more!
NEW PRODUCTS andother n&at etudd The AmiFAST 3000© The AmiFAST 3000 is a ZIP to SIMM adapter designed on, with and for the Amiga 3000. It holds up to 16MB of SIMM memory and uses standard 8-chip 4MB, or 16-chip 8MB, 72-pin SIMMs (built with 1Mx4 DRAM chips).
Other features include: low-profile sockets to allow plenty of clearance (clearance from drive platform, ROM towers can present a clearance problem from beneath, ROM conversion services are available), no configuration jumpers, 30-day warranty. The AmiFAST 3000 protects your memory investment as SIMMs can move with you to a newer platform and much more. MSRP is $ 89 (US).
ProvTech, RR 4 Box 72, Washington, IN 47501, Tel (812) 254- 1721, FAX (812) 257-0902.
Guru-ROM V6 A2091 This is the final update for all GVP SCSI host adapters. According to the developer, the Guru-ROM V6 A2091 includes the following features. It is a SCSI drive for all host adapters, it has transfer rates of up to 3.5 Mbs raw (Zorro-IT limit), 3.1 Mbs measured with SCSISpeed, and 2.4 Mbs measured with DiskSpeed. It supports all device types defined in the SCSI standard with complete support for the RDB standard resulting in trouble-free autoboot, automount, and the exchange of devices and media between two computers from Amiga OS1.3 through 3.1. The Guru-ROM V6 A2091 also
includes disconnect reselect and synchronous transfers. Parity checking can be enabled separately for each device and complete write-protection is possible. It offers maximum compatibility with nearly all hardware and software through special handling of all known firmware bugs of the most popular The press releases and nexus announcements in New Products are from Amiga vendors and others. While Amazing Computing maintains the right to edit these articles, the statements, etc. made in these reports are those of the vendors and not Amazing Computing.
Guru-ROM V6 A2091 promises that it is the final update for all GVP SCSI host adapters with a long list of new features.
SCSI devices, DMA hardware bugs of the most popular SCSI devices, and DMA hardware bugs in the A3000 and A4000. It has workarounds for internal errors in the WD SCSI chip as well as special modifications to account for defective application software. It is completely compatible both to the SCSI-2 as well as to the SCSI standard thereby providing the broadest support for all devices on the market including those still to come. Distributed in North America by: Cronus, 1840 East Warner Rd 105-265, Tempe AZ 85284, Tel 602-491-0442, Fax 602-491-0048 System Booster This CD contains more than 2,000
professional tools, utilities and more. Types of programs include a vast selection of screen blankers, mouse tools, software to back up your data using the mouse, freely configurable file GURU-ROM V6 morr than '.(JOB professional lools.
Utilities C- morr 600 MlH stem Booster Cronus has brought three new Cds to the North American Amiga user: NetNews Offline Volume II with 3 months of Usenet newsgroups; System Booster with more than 2,000 professional tools, utilities and more; and Aminet 14 with 800MB of new software.
Composite Studio Directory Opus 5.5 Worms CD32 Sensible Golf Killing Grounds A500 Refurb A2000 Refurb Aminet CD Set 1,2, or 3 System Booster CD Asim CDFS V3.4 $ 99.95 $ 89.95 $ 29.95 $ 29.95 $ 37.95 Everything for Commodore Amiga Computers Sell • Trade • Repair* Buy 1420 County Rd 914 Burleson, TX 76028 817-447-6974 - Voice FAX line Main Number 817-295-7658 We carry a full line of hardware, software & magazines, both new & used, including Europeon items & CD’s.
Our flat-rate repairs include most parts & labor.. Catalog - $ 2.95 Trade in your unwanted items.
We Want Amiga 2000s Working or Not!
040 Accelerators $ 495.00 up Videophiles! A4000 040 $ 1795.00 Y C Plus $ 475.00
* Limited quantity on some items, 1st come - 1st served.
$ 89.95 $ 395.00 $ 38.95 $ 19.95 $ 77.95 Amiga monitors Available. We have hardware, SW, & accessories for the Commodore C64 & C128.
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SORRY NO REFUNDS management programs, monitoring software to control floppy and HD-access, cache programs to optimize system performance, data recovery software, up-to-date virus killers, and lots of Text viewers. Distributed in North America by: Cronus, 1840 East Warner Rd 105-265, Tempe AZ 85284, Tel 602-491-0442, Fax 602-491-0048 qQOBC q NetNews Offline Volume II This CD contains everything that was published in the Amiga-related newsgroups from Usenet and other networks in the 3 months since the release of NetNews Offline Volume I. This release contains more than 217,000 postings, which
should be of high interest for every Amiga user. You will find technical advice for many problems, wild flame wars, curious stories and a huge amount of valuable information, and news. With this CD, you can take one of the most interesting parts of the Internet directly to your home without paying huge internet costs. Distributed in North America by: Cronus, 1840 East Warner Rd 105-265, Tempe AZ 85284, Tel 602-491-0442, Fax 602-491-0048 Aminet 14 - October 1996 Aminet 14 contains more than 1 gigabyte (uncompressed) of software in thousands of archives.
Since the release of Aminet CD 13 more than 800MB of new software has appeared. The current edition has a special focus on business software. Distributed in North America by: Cronus, 1840 East Warner Rd 105-265, Tempe AZ 85284, Tel 602-491-0442, Fax 602-491-0048 MathScript V3.0 After more than one year of intense development the new version 3.0 of MathScript, the shareware mathematical equation editor for the Amiga, has been completed. It has been almost completely rewritten and offers outstanding features like WYSIWYG editing, high- quality printing, use of any PostScript fonts, an
extensive set of mathematical symbols and objects, export as EPS, IFF and TIFF, a large Arexx port and much more.
MathScript Support, Beim Rauhen Hause 30, 22111 Hamburg Germany, Tel: 011-49-40-6518393, Fax: 011-49-40-65901168, Email: lhmig@tu-harburg.d400.de. (CU Amiga CD $ 13.50 ) 16mb 60ns simm$ 119.95 206 223 11 07 4 mb 60ns simm $ 34.95 Productivity! Magazines Zipperware CD-Roms llnternet (All magazines are from Britian unless otherwise noted) Amazing Amlga(US) 3.95 Amiga Computing 10.95 Amiga Format 9.95 Amiga Format CD 12.95 Very Limited Quantlties!!!CALLI! 8 Amiga Power " - Amiga Shopper Amiga User Int'l CU Amiga Informer Bi-Monthly Great new magazine Northwest Amiga Journal (US) 2.50
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349. 95 Photogenics v2.0 $ 179.95 CD Rom ... as good as Photoshop"
89% Amiga Format 8 96 92 % CU Amiga 8 96 Requirements: 4meg
RAM, hard drive, OS 3.0+ Virtual memory, file formats(acbm,
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Upgrades- Send by fax, email, or snail mail- Name, Address, Phone, Serial Number, form of payment $ 79.95 V_ J 76 S. Main St., Seattle, WA 98104 USA2062231107 Fax 2062239395http: www.atozweb.com zipperware ziphomepage.html S&H min. $ 5.00 Foreign $ 8.00 COD $ 5.00 US Mail, UPS, FedEx are available. Mastercard, Visa, Discover, American Express are all good with no surcharges.
Ail prices are subject to change. Returns are subject to 15% re-stocklng tea. S&H Is non- refundable. Not responsible for typos!
HoursiM-F 10-6pm Sat 12-5pm Pacific Time M-F 1-9pm Sat 3-8pm Eastern Time 17bitSet 3CD's AGA Experience 2 Aminet 12,13,14,15 Aminet Set 3 CD Developer Desktop Video 2 Epic Collection 2 F1 Licenseware Giga Graphics 4CD Insight Dinosaurs Magic Publisher PD Soft Fonts Clipart PD Soft Utilities 2 Sci-Fi Sensations 2 Page bL„ure Monster Shock You have never seen anything like it! Web pages made quickly and easily. Not a generic web page but one with pictures, sounds, animations and more. $ 69.95 Circle 121 on Reader Service card.
Kang Fu This game from Great Effects Development works on any AGA Amiga with CD Rom (including CD32). 4MB RAM is recommended. The game has 10 complete levels each with its own graphics and sound. The game works fine on a CD32, but it looks best on an Amiga with fast RAM (A4000 A1200). On the A4000 or A1200 it runs smoother and offers more color and sound effects. Kang Fu is currently only available from ALTER Interservice, Hagengracht 68, 7607EE Alemlo, Holland, FAX 011-31-546- 818915. The price is $ 45 plus $ 7 P&P. It is expected to also be available at the major mail order companies soon.
Directory Opus 5.5 is now available!
After more than 12 months of extra development, GP Software has announced the release of the new version of this directory and file management utility. After receiving many comments and suggestions from loyal users of Opus, almost every facet of the new program has been examined and subjected to user scrutiny, reworked, and then backed up by extensive field testing from very persistent Beta testers.
This release extends the original Opus 5 concepts and provides many significant improvements in both operational power and usability. Just a few of the enhancements include: a new Icon Action Mode which gives all the power of name mode Listers but with Icons, Custom buttons have a pop-up menu giving access to an extended selection of commands, new independent HotKeys are now supported, a font viewer is now included, Cybergraphics RTG are now supported. You can now selectively hide unwanted drive icons from the Opus main window and Listers are no longer blocked while busy. You can now resize,
iconify, and scroll busy Listers, there is a new internal Opus CLI which allows you to quickly test commands and Arexx scripts, and much, much more.
GP Software, P O Box 570, Ashgrove, Australia 4060, Ph Fax 011 617 3661402, Email: zzgperry@maiibox.uq.oz.au or http:
mviv. liveunre.com.au gpsoft Amiga “Soft-wear” Advanced Marketing
Concepts of Philadelphia invites all Amiga enthusiasts to
show their support for the rebirth of the Amiga with the
launch of Amiga "Soft-wear".
Available immediately are black baseball style caps imprinted with the slogan 'AMIGA Rules'. Priced at $ 8.95 plus $ 2.00 shipping and handling. Exclusively from: Advanced Marketing Concepts, P O Box 2297, Boothwyn PA 19061. Tel: (215)-906-3071. Custom Imprints and quantity discounts available.
New - From MegageM!
FliteLine A V8R MegageM’s fast, proven timeline technology plus interactive Flyer clip edit controls: play, pause, jog, shuttle, stop, goto in out, set in out, & more. Instant ’audio-autosync-to-viaeo’, real-time tiinecode displays, & optional hardware edit controller with 7 function keys & jog wlieel. With virtually no learning curve, you’ll be using AV8R in minutes! AV8R makes some of your toughest Flyer edit jobs FAST and FUN!
$ 249.95 AV8R complete with optional hardware edit controller - only $ 499,951 See MegageM on the World Wide Web!
Http: www.megagem.com DISTANT SUNS 5.01 DESKTOP PLANETARIUM CD-ROM Your Spaceship Awaits!
- 1500 16 color 8c 256 color IFF images
- Megabytes of 16 color 8c 256 color anims
- 16 million star Hubble Catalog
- 3-D planet rendering
- View images in 256 colors on AGA capable Amigas
- Display night sky from 4713 BC to 10,000 AD
- Add your own comet and asteroid data
- Comet Hyakutake and Hale-Bopp data included AmigaDOS 2.04 or
newer, 2 megs RAM 8c hard disk required. NTSC and PAL versions
Specialprice held over - $ 49.95 (Reg $ 99.95) Call for special upgrade prices.
VistaPro 3.05 Bundle True 24 bit landscape rendering package bundles with the VistaPro utilities MakePath, TerraForm and GeoMorph.
Includes Mars Valles Marineris DEM data set. (160 landscapes) Requires 4 megs of RAM and Workbench 2.04 or newer.
List Price $ 229.75 Special thru April 1 - $ 119.95 Utilities bundle only (w o VistaPro) -$ 89.95 amiCrawler to Be Replaced by amiSpider After much testing, amiSpider will become the default search engine at http: www.amicrawler.com by the end of the month. The developers are taking this time to receive feedback from users and allowing you to compare the features of amiCrawler, the first Amiga WWW search engine, and amiSpider, the first Amiga WWW search engine spider.
New features include: optimized PERL code for faster searches, index of every word of every page of every Amiga web page it accesses (3 letter words or smaller may be filtered out to increase access speed), WWW pages are automatically fetched creating titles, descriptions, and keyword indexes on the fly, the ability to index over 300 WWW pages per hour, and it is able to detect which pages contain Amiga related information, support for Meta Tags, including keywords and descriptions, and more. Contact information: Email: dtiberio@amicrawler.com or WWW: http: wiuw.amicrawler.com spiAer Big
Ed at Safe Harbor Safe Harbor is pleased to announce that they are now carrying the Big Ed hard drive array from Applied Magic. The 20GB DLT option can store up to 84 minutes of professional broadcast quality video (true CCIR 601 5:1 compression ratio) and it can record video at a sustained rate of 7.5 megabytes per second.
Big Ed comes in four different models. Big Ed 44 uses a 4 mm DAT Tape Backup system and it comes with two 2Gig hard drives on board. Big Ed 84 uses the same DAT Backup drive as the Big Ed 44, but it comes with two 4Gig drives. Big Ed 815 has a blazingly fast 15GB DLT, offering an astonishing 5.5 Gigabyte hour backup speed and two 4Gig drives.
Big Ed 1820 is for the consummate professional and has a 20GB DLT backup and two 9Gig drives. Each Big Ed works on almost every system from Amiga to UNIX, and has a 2 year warranty, with a 5 year warranty on the drives. Dealer inquires are welcome, and you can contact Safe Harbor Computers at 1-800- 544-6599.
• AC* Chaocity 221 Town Center West 259 Santa Maria, CA 93454
(805) 925-7732 (voice) (805) 928-3128 (FAX) See Chaocity on the
World Wide Web... http: www.chaocity.com Visa, Mastercard,
AMEX & Discover welcome.
Call, FAX or write for free newsletter.
Dealer inquiries invited.
New Product, Industry Announcement?
Send it to: New Products Editor, Amazing Computing,
P. O. Box 2140, Fall River, MA 02722-2140,
(508) 678-4200, FAX (508) 675-6002 Circle 101 on Reader Service
12 Amazing Computing Orders Only 800-735-2633 VisionSoft
P. O. Box 4398 Carmel, CA 93921, U.S.A. Internet:
sales@visionsoft.com Homepage: http: www.visionsoft.com
Christmas Special Wizard 3-button Mouse $ 22.95 Asim CDFS 3.6
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109. 95 GVP-32 60ns 16mb Simm
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Dr 69.95 A500 1200 Power Supply 49.95 A2000 Power Supply
109.00 A3000 Power Supply 79.95 A4000 Power Supply 119.00
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Keyboard (black) 89.95 Keyboard Adapter A2000 Keyboard to
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Pin Monitor Adapter 24.95 15-23 Pin SVGA Converter 24.95 A520
Video Adapter 15.95 RCA Video Cable 5.95 RF Modulator 7.95
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2000 59.95 Mierobiohos 1200 Clock 19.95 Micro R&D C64 Power
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$ 79.95 CD ROM Drive; NEC 4X SCSI Internal 119.00 External 199.00 120ms Random Seek Time 600kb s, 256kb Buffer Toshiba 4.4X SCSI Internal 159.00 External 239.00 120 ms Random Seek Time 600 kb s, 256kb Buffer CD ROM Driver for All Amigas ASIM CDFS 3.6b wl Fred Fish CD Special Price: $ 49.95_ GVP-M I O Extender 2 Ser, 1 Par 115.95 A1291 SCSI for 1230-11 99.95 Guru ROM V.6 (Low Profile) 79.95 Guru ROM V.6 69.95 A1200 040 25 Falcon 499.00 A2000 060 50 T-Rex 929.00 A3T 4000(D 060 50 T-Rex 1099.00 DSS8 + Software Upgd 29.95 Amiga Manuals & Books Mastering Amiga Dos 3 V.2 27.95 A2000 Sys. Schematics
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No additional Interface required.
Only ...$ 179.95 M68882 25mhz FN-PLCC 35.95 M68882 33mhz FN-PLCC 39.95 M68882 40mhz RC-PGA 55.95 M68882 50mhz RC-PGA 69.95 M68010CPU 15.50 68030RC 40mhz 75.95 68040RC 25mhz 95.95 Crystal Oscillators 8.95 QuikPak
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for A1200 89.00 The Clock for A1200 13.95 Apollo 620 Turbo
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Picasso 11 + 2uib Graphics Board for A200tl000014000 $ 369.00 l’osver Computing LTD (UK) High Density Floppy Drives
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1. 76mb XL External Drive $ 119.95 SyQuest EZI35 Extern id SCSI
Drive Include* Power Supply, $ 124 00 135mb Cartridge & Cable.
135mb Cartridge $ 24.50 AM-Trade Computer (Germany) High Density Floppy Drives lor A600fl200j4000(T) $ 109.95 Visa, Master and Discover Card orders arc accepted with no surcharge. Wc also ship COD onl in pay mem of Cash, Cashier’s Check or Money Order. All returns must be returned and accompanied with a RMA within 15 days. Defective products will b; replaced with the same item only. Software is non-returnable.. Other returns subject to 25% restocking fee.
Shipping & Handling charges arc non-refundable. Price & availability are subject lo change without notice. We do not guarantee hardw are and software compatibility. We are not responsible for any typographical errors.
Tech (408) 626-2633 Fax (408)625-6588 BBS (408) 625-6580 Halftone Screens for Video Projects by R. Shamms Mortier ¦ ¦¦ ¦ ;':r,. (Try t ‘ ' ¦ TT'TIs:'.''' ; A'j. ' t ' ' Vvv;,'; Figure 2. These screens were the result of ImageFX to the graphic in Figurr graphics for overlaying on full c aed in Brilliance by using the ng options. Circles of various screened other, with some being set to duced an interesting matrix. This geFX where distortions and other While moiri patterns are a problem on the printed page, they can be a boon to the Video Artist.
I am convinced that the artist's real work, no matter the medium, is to find the beauty in mistakes. The difference between an artist's eye and that of a not-yet-artist (because we all have an art potential), is that what is passed over as inconsequential or even negative by some is seen by the artist as a possible creative medium. Because of this, every possible item in the world, and every action and activity, enriches the resources of the observant artist. There is an artifact in printing and publishing that stands as a good example of what I am talking about.
Printing Problems When you print to paper, each picture that contains either an even grayscale or that consists of color data has to first go through a step called "halftoning". Halftoning is a process that breaks up the analog picture data, the free flowing wash of tones, into a series of dots. In a grayscale picture, if you look closely, all of the gray tones are just a series of dots when transferred to the printed page (try it by locating a grayscale picture in this copy of Amazing and look at it through a magnifying glass).
When the picture is a color picture, the matter is a bit more complex. Color pictures have to first be separated into the four standard color component plates: CMYK, for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black. Each of these plates is in turn broken up into halftone dots, and then each plate is turned a different number of degrees so that the dots don't print exactly on top of each other, but have a little offset. All of the colors of the rainbow can be made by the displacement of these four plates and the dots they contain. If you look closely at a printed color picture, you will see that the dots
form a pattern, sometimes called a "rosette" because of its flowerlike appearance.
Whether grayscale or color rosettes, it is the patterning of halftones that display anomalies which can drive printers and publishers crazy.
The problems with grayscale halftones, however, pale in comparison to color work.
Grayscale Grayscale halftoning is addressed by options that are centered upon the density of the halftone screens. The dots can be made smaller or larger.
Very small dots (spoken of as "lines per inch") produce very detailed grayscale pictures. A grayscale newspaper halftone is usually produced at about 65 lines per inch, because the paper is so course that its absorption rate precludes a higher line-per-inch ratio. A grayscale picture in a glossy magazine can be printed at 200 lines-per-inch or more, with the result that the naked eye cannot see any dot patterning.
You can get interesting effects if the dots are made very large, say twenty dots-per-inch and lower. The resulting image starts to lose its grays altogether, resulting in a stark posterized picture (which you will see used in new-age magazines and tabloids for effect).
Color Color complications start where grayscale complications leave off. Each of the four standard color plates used to reproduce a full color representation on paper (and there may be more than four for certain processes) introduces magnitudes of further anomalies into the process. There is the angling of the plates against each other to produce the proper rosette, and a little something called "registration". Registration means that each of the plates has to match exactly, and if the press slips and you get unregistered results, ugly little (or big) problems with the focus of images
result, making you think that you need an eye checkup. There are other printing issues, like color trapping, that also complicate the picture (literally), but they are too involved to describe in this article.
The Island of Dr. Moire If you place two exact screen patterns over each other and give them a little twist, you get what is called a "moire", an interference pattern produced from the interaction of the Circle 122 on Reader Service card.
Two. The appearance of moires are considered to be in extremely bad taste in printing, because the "realism" of the image is destroyed by an obvious patterned substitute. The appearance of moire patterns is considered to be ugly to the max by printers and publishers of paper media. Does the moire have any positive profile? It depends if we can see it with an artist's eye.
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images can be halftoned with more than just even dots.
Interesting effects can be achieved by patterning the screens,
into concentric circles and a myriad of other designs. The
patterned halftoning processes are used more for grayscale
than for color images simply because using one patterned
screen is simpler than trying to get four or more patterned
screens to register and print correctly. Very hypnotic effects
can be created using patterned halftone screening.
Video Display and TV Resolution But what has any of this to do with video work? After all, the standard computer monitor and the TV screen have a resolution set to 72 dots an inch, so talking about halftoning processes for paper have no apparent relation to video transmission, right? The Amiga itself, a video tool, lacks support for the extreme page resolutions needed by print publishing applications, and also lacks the software that supports these resolutions. Why should we be concerned with print-to-paper problems and processes?
Well, here's where the answer depends upon whether or not you are looking at the situation with the "artist's eye" we referred to at the beginning of the article. If there is one word that describes the soul of the artistic process, it is "repurposing". To repurpose something means that you literally "see it in a new light". Ideas pop to mind for taking an object or a process designed for one thing, and expanding its usefulness into areas it wasn't made for. Such is the case with the halftone process, or at least a version of it.
Fake Halftone Screening for Effect True halftoning does not exist for video images, on the Amiga or anywhere else, because the video medium is not a paper medium.
However, halftone faking or pseudohalftoning image processing effect does exist and it can be quite useful.
Here's a quiz question for you: What equates with a halftone in the video realm? The answer: the Alpha channel.
Alpha channel compositing can produce image results a lot like applying a halftone screen in the print realm. The Alpha channel is a 256 grayscale overlay for video. Typically, where the grays are lighter, they allow the image to be displayed. As the grays tend toward black, the image is progressively hidden. In many ways, this is like applying a halftone screen overlay. If you make the Alpha channel a two-color image of white dots against pure black (or the reverse), and composite it with the color or grayscale image, you achieve a very nice halftone look. To explore the following method, you
will need ImageFX from Nova Design:
1. Import an image, and "Copy to Swap" in the Buffer menu.
2. Import your grayscale or B&W "screen" image, prepared before
3. Select "Composite" from the toolbox, and set the parameters as
follows: Operation = hardlight, Blend = 50, Include = All,
Exclude = None, Alpha = Mask, Swap = Tile.
4. Select OK.
5. Look at the result. This might be called a video halftone.
6. For a purer halftone, take the colors down to two from the
composite render, and save to disk.
The World of Animated Moires Moires are a no-no to printmakers, but a godsend to animators. This is because moires produce very appealing line shifts when moved against one another. If you rotate one screen on top of another (making sure the black is the draw color and the white is transparent if it is a two color screen), every shift brings a new moire pattern into view.
Saving out the frames as you shift by selected degrees, and grabbing the frames as an animbrush (with Dpaint or Brilliance), gives you a pretty unique animation to set other images or text against. In a 3D application, you can write the single frames to different sides of an object. One trick is to use moire animations as a texture map for warping liquid surfaces, producing a linear fractal effect.
Treating a Video Image Though it would take a pretty comprehensive book to cover all of the choices open to the video animator and artist as far as halftone and Alpha- halftoning is involved, we should mention one more area that you might want to explore. Halftones as Alpha channels are an obvious choice for altering a video stream. If experimented with, they create a video that becomes broken up into a moving series of lines and swirls, without erasing image comprehension along the way.
Experiment and explore! That's what both your artist's eye and the Amiga is all about. Until next time,.. ENJOY! And I'm sure I'll see you in ROMulan space.
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USING LAYERS TO CREATE OUTLINE EFFECTS by Nick Cook Layering or Stacking is an easy method to create wider and cleaner outlines.
Adding an outline around letters adds interest, increases readability, and separates text from background art. Programs such as "Deluxe Paint" and "PageStream" include a built-in "outline" function. Simply type in the text, go to the appropriate requester, select "outline," and the let the program do the rest.
But is that the best way to do it? A program's outline effect is probably acceptable if a thin line is being used; for example, one point or one pixel width. Adding a fatter outline, say five points or five pixels, may give a smudged look to the text, as if from a typewriter with too much ink on the ribbon. The integrity of the original type's form is also usually destroyed (Figure 1).
A technique called "layering" or "stacking" is an easy method to create wider and cleaner outlines.
Simply make duplicates of the text, each one with a different width outline, then stack them on top of each other. Although "Art Expression" was used for the example shown here, this technique can be used in virtually any Amiga drawing program.
STEP ONE: Enter the text. To contrast the letters with the outline, use the "Line Fill" option to change the fill color of the characters (Figure 2).
STEP TWO: Duplicate the object (Figure 3).
STEP THREE: Select the second object and go to the "Line Fill" requester. Choose the solid line option and enter a width. Pick a different color for the line if desired (Figure 4).
STEP FOUR: Stack the original object on top of the second object. Programs such as "PageStream3" and "Art Expression" contain an "Align" function, a great time-saver and way to reduce "mouse-ing around" with the objects. Select both objects. Go to the "Align" requester (in the "Object" menu in "PageStream3" and "Art Expression") and select settings. The objects will be accurately layered. Remember to group the objects before saving (Figure 5).
The same strategy also works with bitmap graphics, such as those created with "Deluxe Paint." Just copy a piece of art as a brush, and use the "Outline" function (i.e., hit the "o" key) as many times as desired. Stamp the brush down, pick up the original art as a brush, and place that brush over the first.
Layering text and artwork creates a variety of effects beyond those included with a program. So enjoy yourself, and experiment!
Stack ’Em, Dan-0!
Multiple layers also create interesting and more complicated type effects. Using "Art Expression," stacked text and shapes make up a patch to honor Rocky and Bullwinkle's favorite seat of higher learning (possibly awarded to the varsity farkling squad).
The text consists of three layers. The bottom layer uses a stroke of eight points with a black outline. The second layer up has a stroke of four points with a yellow outline. The top layer has no stroke and a gold fill.
The "sewn" patch edge is composed of two layers. The bottom shape is five points wide, no outline, with a brown fill. The "thread" is a dashed
2. 5 point line using the "circle cap" feature in white.
- --------- “ - ¦
Tired of using the same boring lines in your layout?
Stacking generates useful and decorative lines.
These examples used "PageStream3," The dash number refers its position on the popup "Custom" dash menu in the "Line Fill" requester; "dash 2" means the second pattern down on the menu.
In the Filmstrip graphic above, the bottom layer is a 20 point wide black line and the sprocket holes are two 3 point wide dash 5 white lines.
In "Train Track" the roadbed ties are a solid black line at 22 points wide. Each rail is made up of two lines grouped together. The bottom is a 5 point black line, and the top is 2 point solid white.
In the graphic "Boxes" the bottom is a 10 point wide blue dash 3 line. The top line uses the dash 3 in white.
Stacking The Text.
Staak ’Em,9**+ Left from Top to Bottom: Figure 2: If “Art Expression” is used, be sure to convert the text into a graphic before outlining, then group the objects. Not doing so may cause an incomplete save.
Figure 3: Another of the same, please.
Figure 4: Outlining type is also referred to as “stroking.” Figure 5: Move the original object on top of the duplicate object.
Colo Use on he We by R. Shamms Mortier A Web designer has a global audience of potentially hundreds of millions of viewers every day. Awareness of the cultural differences in the perception of color is a must.
The "correct" use of color as an element of visual communication has always been a complex topic. The "right" way to use color is based in part on historical examinations of how color is perceived, not only by the eyes, but by the emotions as well.
The same hierarchy of importance as other cultures do. The designer in general, and the Web page designer in particular, has to know something about all of these color parameters and distinctions in order to communicate concepts and ideas.
Why the Web Page Designer in Particular?
A designer whose work is to appear on the World Wide Web has a potential audience far beyond the scope and extent of paper-based design mediums. How many paper- based designers can say with surety that their publication designs have Other rules of color use are connected to the actual physiological construction of the eyes, and how certain colors and color combinations trigger nerve responses that target the way the brain perceives, prioritizes, and organizes information.
To make things even more complex, different global communities do not necessarily "see" colors with Dark type on Light colors on a dark a light backdrop, backdrop.
Even when the This is true for colors are all mediums complementary, that transmit is harder Light, like to read than... Web pages & overheads.
Figure 1. Darker colors let less light through when used for backgrounds on Web pages and even overhead transparencies. Light type on a dark backdrop is easier to read in general, but especially worth considering when you are working on a non-paper display.
Reached the eyes and minds of hundreds of millions of people? Not many. Vet the most common Web page can potentially reach hundreds of millions of viewers every day.
True, many of the surfers that reach a site don't stay too long, which is another reason that a Web page designer has to use every visual lure in the book to entice the casual visitor.
This is true no matter what the site contains, but is especially important for commercial sites.
The Eyes have It There are a number of visual rules that matter when it comes to both general color design and Web page uses of color. Most are based upon long standing principles learned from visual media designers and from laboratory validation.
1. The eye tends to see light colors on a dark background as
larger than dark colors on a light background, so using light
text on a dark background makes smaller type sized text look
larger and more readable. A dark background also rests the
eyes, especially from the constant bombardment of light from a
monitor screen.
2. ROY G BIV (an acronym for Red- Orange-Y ellow-Green-Blue-
Indigo-Violet, known as the seven unit Color Circle), can be
appreciated with a more modern variant having only six
components: Red- Orange-Y ellow-Green-Blue- Purple.
Red-Yellow-Blue are called PRIMARY colors, because they are
tied to specific nerve endings in the eye. Orange-Green-
Purple are called SECONDARY colors because they are bridges,
or intermediates, between the primaries.
3. Each color pair, defined by any color directly opposite from
another color on the six-color circle, is called a
Complimentary Pair. The Red-Green pair is the least useful to
the graphic designer because it makes the nerves in the eye
increase their firing rate to the point of irritation, and
red-green art seems to shimmer without pause.
Of the two remaining pairs, the most pleasing Complementaries to the eye seems to be Yellow- Purple. In light projected publication design (whether exemplified by overhead transparencies or the perception of a Web page via a color monitor), Yellow is best chosen for the Text and Purple (or dark Blue will do) is selected as the background color (light on dark). As a two-color choice for displays that are text oriented (where 20% or more of the space is devoted to text elements), Light-on-Dark Yellow-on-Purple or Yellow-on-Dark Blue are the best choices when it comes to the readability of the
Color, Culture, and Emotion The Web is an international gallery space when it comes to page design, so a Web page audience is potentially the best example of a multicultural audience. There are few (as yet) political or geographical barriers that block the transmission or reception of Web data. People who interact on the Web are the closest group to being de facto citizens of the world.
The in-depth topic of Color Perception as it is effected by cultures through history and as it in turn effects a viewer's emotions and awareness is in itself far too broad a topic for this article. All designers are advised to learn as much about color use in diverse cultures as possible, and a number of books on the topic are available from the public library. If you are a Web surfer, you can find an excellent page on color and culture at J.
L. Morton Graphics' Global Color Web Page:
http: www.lava.net colorcom Generalities A number of general
perceptions about color do seem to apply across time and
geography: Red- Excitement. Hot. Red makes the blood pressure
rise. Signals importance, "Stop and read me!"
Orange- Very Warm. Pleasantness, friendship, and human interests.
- Moderately warm.
Generally pleasant, though some world cultures seem to perceive Yellow as less than positive.
Green- Warm when yellow, and cool when Blue. Green evokes the Earth, healing, and growth.
Blue- Cool to cold, depending on light or dark. Blue actually lowers the blood pressure, and is used in hospitals for that reason.
Purple- Freezing when Blue tinted, and warmer when Red tinted.
If you want to maximize the effect of any single color for a design, give it a lot of breathing space (surround it with its complementary, muted colors, or grays). Primary colors as the dominant choices for a Web page achieve the most startling visual results. There are times when this is appropriate (blatant messages, children's pages, bright lively topics), and times when it is inappropriate (more conservative themes, commercial and business sites, "serious" topics, pages that are designed to evoke prestigious matters and events).
To mute a message for a specific audience, use the primary colors more sparingly, perhaps on a slightly gray backdrop. The careful application and the conscious understatement of color is the key to good design in any medium.
Color Palettes and Bit-Depth Figure 4. The same image as Figure 2 is represented here, but with a color palette reduced to 256 colors (just right tor positing on the Web). But notice the color artifacting.
Figure 3. This is a 24 bit image, displaying over 16,000,000 colors in the palette.
Electronic painters and designers have a number of limitations that effect their color choices. The most important of these is the color palette's "Bit Depth". Depending upon a computer's hardware, a screen display can allow for color to be displayed in a number of palette arrangements. The colors in a palette can number 2, 4, 8,16, 32,64, 128,256,.. and, using the same doubling formula, up to sixteen million- plus colors.
There is a defined relationship between bit-depth on a computer, and the number of colors contained in a digital palette. This relationship is based upon a "power of two" formula (2x1=2, 2x2 = 4,2x2x2 = 8,2x2x 2x2 = 16,.. etc.). 256 is equal to 2 to the 8th power, so a palette that has 256 colors is said to have an "8-Bit Palette" in computer jargon.
A 24-Bit Palette (which is 2 multiplying itself 24 times) has sixteen million plus colors. 24-Bit Palettes are the most common palettes for displaying photographic information on computers. On the Web, however, many viewers do not have the necessary hardware to display a 24-Bit Palette, so a display of 256 colors (an 8- Bit display) is often substituted so that everyone who visits a page sees the same basic graphical information. As the technology matures, there is little doubt that this present trade-off will disappear.
The following table illustrates the connection between colors in a palette and the connected Bit-Depth: Bit Depth of Colors in Palette 1 2 2 4 3 8 4 16 5 32 6 64 7 128 8 256 9 512 10 1,024 11 2,048 12 4,096 13 8,192 14 16,384 15 32,768 16 65,536 17 131,072 18 262,144 19 524,288 20 1,048,576 21 2,097,152 22 4,194,304 23 8,388,608 24 16,777,216
99. 9% of the animations on the Web contain 256 colors or less.
Though newer display file compression formats like MPEG do
allow for the playback of 24-bit animations, the
affordability and widespread use of 24-bit animations on the
Web is rare at this juncture. 256 color animations also make
better use of the current available bandwidth, the
electronic channel and transmission lines that run from your
Web page to the viewer's monitor.
Figure 6. The palette being used here is the 216 color Netscape palette. The image has been dithered, so the losses as compared to the original image are minimized.
Figure 5. This is another sample of the same image, also with only 256 colors, but dithered so that the colors blend more evenly. Notice how much closer it looks compared to the original (Figure 2) than to the non-dithered 256 color example (Figure 3).
Browser Palette Considerations Web Browser considerations are a vital part of Web page color design.
The Browser is your literal window to the Web universe. Browsers have distinct color palette requirements.
Take the popular NetScape Navigator (there is a rampant rumor, by the way, that NetScape will be available for the Amiga sometime in 1997).
NetScape's palette holds 216 Colors. To get a little technical, NetScape offers users a 256 color palette styled from a 6 x 6 x 6 "color cube" formula, so that the resulting colors can be seen equally on both Pcs and Macs.
40 of the possible 256 colors are "reserved" for the benefit of Windows users, due to a color limitation built into the Window's Pcs. It seems that Windows systems demand a certain number of colors for internal system use, so this limited palette allows NetScape to run in both Windows and Mac environments.
The other 216 colors are called "non-dithering", meaning NetScape will try to match their appearance as closely as possible in the graphic. The NetScape Browser tries its best to emulate the rest of the potential colors in a 24-bit palette by dithering between separate members of the 216 "pure" colors. Dithering is a process of compromise, allowing the mixing of two or more colors as separate pixels on screen, allowing the eye to "blend" them from a distance.
Most people using NetScape have only 8-bit (or less) color graphics adapters, which limit the viewable colors to 256 at best. If and when NetScape comes to the Amiga, this will remain true in most cases.
Surfers with real 24-bit boards installed need not worry, because those systems can display the full range of 16,000,000+ non-dithered colors. 24-bit surfers can tap into NetScape's deeper theoretical color scheme, in which each RGB PRIMARY color is represented by a 256 color range, and 256 x 256 x 256 = 16,777,216 colors. This is the same color scheme used by 24-bit color graphics systems on broadcast TV, where each of the three PRIMARY RGB colors is represented by an 8-bit value which ranges from 0 to 255, and 8 x 3 = 24, so if you are using a 24-bit display you'll be able to see each of
the possible 16,777,216 colors as non-dithered colors.
Web page designers have to keep all of this in mind when incorporating color text and graphics on the Internet.
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19. 95 Alfa Data 2 Button Mouse, 300 DPI
19. 95 Alfa Data Mega Mouse, 400 DPI
26. 95 Alla Data Crystal Trackball
39. 95 Alfa Data 3 Button Mouse 27 95 Wizard 560DPI Black 3 But
Mouse 27 95 Wizard 560DPI Beige 3 But Mouse
27. 95 CBM CD-32 Joypad 1495 Logic 3 Action Joypad 1995 Golden
Image JP-100 Pen Mouse
19. 95 Eklipse Mouse w Mouse Pad 1995 Amtrac Trackball
69. 95 WICO Black Max Joystick 795 Analogue Joystick Adapter
11. 95 4 Player Joystick Adapter
12. 95 KB 100 Adapter for AT Keyboard
49. 95 Gravis Game Pad
26. 95 NewTek Lightwave 5.0 Amiga Call Lightwave 5.0 Intel
$ 1099.95 Lightwave 5.0 Upgrade Amiga Call Lightwave 5.0
Upgrade Intel 469.95 Video Toaster 4.1 Upgrade CD 499.95
Video Toaster 4000 2079.95 Video Toaster Flyer 4195.00 Wfl
configure complete Flyer systems.
Call tor pricing.
From Village Tronic: Official 3.1 Kits! Each comes complete w Manuals, Disks & ROM(s).
AS320 3.1 Kit for the A500, A2000, & A2500 $ 114.95 AS330 3.1 Kit for all A3000S $ 129.95 AS340 3.1 Kit for all A4000s $ 129.95 AS312 3.1 Kit for all A1200s $ 129.95 AS306 3.1 Kit for all A600S $ 114.95
3. 1 ROM lor A500. A600, A2000 (Specify) $ 49.95
3. 1 ROM set for A3000. A4000, A1200 (Specify) 69.95
3. 1 Manuals & Disks (no ROM) 69.95 AS21? Arexx DOS Enhancer
14.95 Multi-Slarl 2 v6A 500 600 2000 34.00 Amiga Parts A1000
Internal Floppy Disk Drive $ 69.95 A1000 Case w all shielding
19.95 A2000 A3000 Keyboard 79.95 A600 1200 Internal Floppy
Drive 69.95 A200Q Internal Floppy Drive 69.95 A3000 Internal
Floppy Drive 69.95 A2000 Power Supply 109.00 Mouse for CDTV,
wired - black 16.95 8igfoot A40000 Pwr Sy 300W 269.95 Bigfoot
A3000 Pwr Sy 300W 239.95 286 Bridgeboard PCB Only 69.95 CBM
CDTV Control Pad 34.95 Casework 4000 (Spec Top or Bot.) 19.95
Motherboards A3000 Tower PCB 030 25Mz 1Mb PCB $ 429.95 A500 Rev
5 PCB 79.95 A500 Rev 6A PCB 89.95 A600 Motherboard 149.95 A590
Peripherals BigFoot 200W P.S.-A500-600-1200 $ 84,95 Commodore
A500 Power Supply 49.95 A500 Case complete w shielding 17.95
A500 Internal Replacement Drive 44.95 A500 Keyboard 44.95
Eternal Floppy Drive 880K 89.00 A50I RAM Expansion Board 33.95
MtecA500 2Mb RAM Expansion 139.95 $ 199.95
19. 95
57. 95
24. 95
399. 95
499. 95
119. 95
499. 95 Zip Drive SCSI External 100Mb Removable Disk 100Mb Disks
(3Pack) Zip Jaz Tools Software Jaz Drive, 1Gb internal Jaz
Drive, 1Gb external 1Gb removable disk 1Gb rem. Disks-5 Pack
NEW Pricing on Computers from Quik Pak Trade-in for a now
unit We are currently receiving new production runs of both
the A1200 and 4000T from Quik Pak. We are accepting
trade-ins for either system if you have an Amiga 2000 or
3000. Call our hotline for details at 610-586-5704 A600 NEW NTSC
Computers Irom Commodore stock. Boxed with all parts & 90
Day Warranty. All 600s come with: Kindwords; Maxiplan 4;
Infoflle; Theme Park Mystery; & Public Domain software.
Very limited supplies.
A600 w 1Mb RAM - $ 269.95 A601 1Mb Chip RAM w Clock
569. 95 A600 w 65Mb Seagate HD installed - 5369.95 A1200 HD New
model from Quik Pak comes complete with factory installed
270Mb Seagate HD pre-loaded with The Magic Bundle software
$ 749.95 A4000T This powerhouse computer includes 6Mb RAM, 1 .OSGig SCSI-2 Hard Drive, and 040 25Mz Processor,Additional RAM, Hard Drives and Peripherals are available at great pricing. Call for a quote on your custom system.
A4000T 040 25Mz 6Mb 1Gb HO $ 1999.00 A4060T Accelerator Fastest 060 50Mz accelerator available for A4000T.
Expandable to 128Mb $ 879.95 Trade in your A3640 and get the board for: $ 729.95 A4000T 060 50MZ In stock and shipping.
$ 2699.00 Wo configure complete Toaster and Flyer systems.
Software Hut fo 610-586-5703 ;h 610-586-8640 VlQBlS $ 510-586-5706 6416 _ KbTS?™ 800-932-6442 CD-ROM CDTV CD-32 SALE NEW, lower pricing and NEW titles. Purchase 4, or more, and receive FREE SHIPPING.
30 Arena $ 37.95 FlyerCOM
249. 00 Nothing but GIFs
18. 95 30 CO-2 Images
14. 95 Fractal Frenzy
24. 95 Nothing but Tetris
14. 95 30 CD-1 Objects
14. 95 Fractal Pro Image Library
19. 95 Octamed 6
24. 95 17 Bit Continuation CD
12. 95 Fresh Fish 8, 9 (Specify)
18. 00 Octamed Sound Studio
36. 95 17 Bit 5th Dimension 18,95 Fresh Fonts Vol 1
11. 95 Oh Yes.,, More Worms!
19. 95 17 Bit Phase 4
12. 95 Fresh Fonts Vol 2
24. 00 OnLine Library
19. 95 17 Bit 2 CD Collection
19. 95 Frozen Fish 8 95
14. 95 Our Solar System
18. 00 17 Bit & LSD Comp. 1,2 (Spec)
12. 95 Gamer’s Delight
10. 00 Paperbag Princess
10. 00 17 Bit & LSD Comp. 3
22. 95 Gamer’s Delight 2
24. 95 Personal Suite from Cloanto
89. 95 1078 Weird Textures
19. 95 Garden Fax: Fruits, Vegs, Herbs
9. 00 PhotoCD Manager
33. 95 2000 Greater Mysteries
29. 95 Garden Plants
9. 00 Photogenics 2 Call 3000 JPEG Textures
22. 95 Indoor Plants
9. 00 Power Pinball
10. 00 A Long Hard Day on the Ranch
9. 00 Gardening Handbook
18. 00 Print Studio Pro
37. 95 Advanced Military Systems
6. 00 Gateway
18. 95 Pro Pics 43,95 AGA Experience 24,95 Gateway 2
19. 95 Psycho Killer
8. 00 AGA Experience 2
26. 95 GIF Galaxy
26. 00 Retro Gold: Emu-late
29. 00 American Heritage III. Oictionary
12. 00 GIF Gallery Vol 1
22. 00 SFX Volume 1,2 (Specify)
42. 95 Amiga CD Sensation 1 - Demos
15. 95 GIFs Galore
8. 95 Scene Storm
26. 95 Amiga CD Sens. - Golden Games
15. 95 GIF Sensation 24,95 Sci Fi Sensation v2
28. 95 Amiga Developer CD vl.1 17,95 Giga Graphics
39. 95 Software 2000
36. 95 Amiga Repair Kit
45. 95 Global Amiga Experience
26. 95 Solar System Kit for LW
84. 95 AmiNet Share 4
7. 50 Gold Fish 2,3 (Specify)
16. 95 Sound & GRX Library
28. 95 AmiNet Set 1
35. 95 Guiness Book of World Records
6. 95 Sound FX Sensation
21. 95 AmiNet Set 2
35. 95 Gutenberg Project
19. 00 Sounds Terrific 1 12,95 AmiNet Set 3 NEW
37. 95 Horror Sensation
26. 95 Sounds Terrific 2
24. 95 AmiNet 5,6 (Specify)
12. 00 Hottest 4,5,6 (Specify)
24. 95 Space & Astronomy
21. 00 AmiNet 8, 9,10,11,12 (Specify)
17. 95 Hound of the Baskervilles
8. 00 Spectrum Emulator 1996
27. 95 AmiNet 13
19. 95 Humanoid LW or Imagine (Spec)
159. 95 Sports Football CD-32
6. 00 AmiNet 14
19. 95 ImageVision
184. 95 Strip Poker
12. 95 AmfNet 15 NEW
19. 95 Imagine PD 3D
23. 95 Surface Pro & Pro Textures Combo
55. 95 AMOS PD
21. 95 Insight: Technology
8. 95 Super Fonts
19. 00 Arcade Classics Plus
23. 95 Internet’s Avalon CO-ROM
44. 95 Syndesis 3D ROM v1, v2 (Specify)
79. 95 Arlworx
12. 95 Internet Info
24. 95 System Booster
32. 95 Assassins Games
8. 95 Into the Net (2 Cds)
21. 95 Tales of Peter Rabbit
10. 00 Assassins Games 2
22. 95 Kara Fonts Complete Collection
89. 95 Ten on Ten (tOCDs)
49. 95 Audio Plus
18. 00 Learning Curve
21. 95 Texture Heaven
7. 50 BCInet 1,2 (Specify)
8. 95 Light ROM 2
22. 95 Texture Heaven 2
12. 95 Beauty ol Chaos Fractals
15. 95 Light ROM 3 (3 Cds)
39. 95 That’s Games 1,2 (Specify)
25. 00 Bible & Religion
17. 00 Light ROM 4 (2 Cds)
39. 95 Time Table of History: 1991 Editions Blanker Collection
19. 95 Light ROM Gold 24,95 Business, Politics & Media
15. 00 C64 Sensations Volume 2
26. 95 Light Works
28. 95 Town With No Name
5. 00 CD PD 1
8. 00 Magic Illusion
13. 95 Turbo Calc 2.1 CD
12. 95 CO PD 2,3,4 (Specify)
24. 00 Magic Illusions 3D Stereograms
14. 95 TurboCalc 3.5
59. 95 CD Write
42. 95 Magic Publisher
49. 95 Universal 3D ROM 137,95 Chaos Engine CD-32
6. 00 Magic Workbench Enhancer
26. 95 Ultimedia 1 & 2 (2 Cds) 21,95 Clip Art & Fonts
9. 95 Maximum MODs Volume 1
25. 95 Utilities Experience NFA 19,95 Clipart Warehouse 1,2
18. 00 Meeting Pearls 3
13. 95 Utilities Volume 2 29,95 Cookbook Heaven 2
19. 00 Micro R&D Volume 1
25. 00 Video Gem
85. 00 Colour Library
15. 95 Micro R&D Volume 2
40. 00 Visions 24,95 Corporate Video Backgrounds 118,95 Micro R&D
Volume 3
14. 95 Visual FX 1, 2 (Specify)
99. 00 DataMix 1600 Micro R&D Volume 4
15. 95 Weird Science Clip Art
14. 00 da Capo Mods & Sounds
22. 95 Micro R&D Volume 5 44,00 Weird Science Fonts
14. 00 DEM ROM
22. 95 MODs Anthology
36. 95 Weird Science Animations
19. 95 Demo CD 1, 2 (Specify)
24. 00 Movie Maker Special FX 1
59. 95 Weird Science Demo Mania 1
20. 00 Distant Suns 5.01 CD NEW
49. 95 Moving Gives Me a Stomach Ache
9. 00 Weird Science UPD Gold
26. 95 EMC-Phase 1,2,3 (Specify)
33. 95 Moving Textures 100, 200 (Spec)
239. 00 Women In Motion
9. 00 Emulators Unlimited Plus
26. 95 Mud Puddles 10,00 Workbench Add On
27. 95 Encounters: The UFO Phenomenon
16. 95 Multimedia Backdrops
24. 95 World Atlas from Wisedrome 39,95 Epic Collection
26. 95 Multimedia Toolkit
10. 95 World Into 45,95 Epic Interactive Encyclopedia
46. 95 Multimedia Toolkit 2 (2CDs)
26. 95 World of Clipart Plus
22. 95 Eric Schwartz CD-Archive
19. 95 Music MODs & Sound Samples
8. 95 World of GIF 2
22. 00 Euro CD Vol 1
19. 95 NetNews Offline Volume 1
16. 95 World of Photo
19. 95 EuroScene
8. 95 NetNews Offline Volume 2
16. 95 World of Sound
18. 95 EuroScene 2
18. 95 Network CO by Weird Science
19. 95 Wrath of the Demon
5. 00 Eyes of the Eagle
9. 00 Network CO 2 by Weird Science
19. 95 KiPaint 4,0
55. 95 Ft Licenseware
39. 95 Network Cable C032 to Amiga
30. 00 Zoom Release 2
34. 95 Fantaseas
22. 95 New Basics Electronic Cookbook
15. 00 Video Products Personal Anlm. Racoider, Amiga Call Repairs
& Installation InterNet Starter Package New from Robinson
Contains all the pre-configured software and instructions to get your Amiga connected to the WWW! Also includes 1st month access through Netcom Network $ 27.95 Personal TBC 4 $ 829.00 RocGen Plus Genlock 199.00 Vidi Amiga 24 RT 269.95 Vidi Amiga 24 RT Pro 379.00 Vlab Y C Internal Call We realize tbe difficulty many Amiga users have in finding reliable and honest service lacilities. Having been with the Amiga right Irom the start we know it thoroughly. We repair all Amigas, including the A1200 & A4000. We also install and configure existing machines, Qflering reasonable rates and free estimates,
we only charge you il you want your system repaired V Please call our Tech line at 610-586-8640 lor details on sending in your system.
' Actual return shipping charges do apply to all units sent in to our location.
Vlab Y C External Call We carry a lull line of 2.5' and
3. 5' Hard Drives fmm Conner, CBM Service Manuals & Maxtor.
A500 Service Manual $ 14.95 f A500+ Service Manual
19. 95 Electronic Arts A3000 Desktop Service Manual
24. 95 A3000 Tower Service Manual
26. 95 Deluxe Paint 5 $ 124.95 1084S D1 Service Manual
14. 95 Deluxe Music 2
59. 95 1950 or 1960 Service Manual (Spec)
19. 95 Theme Park
19. 95 2091 Service Manual
12. 95 FIFA International Socces
19. 95 A2060 A2065 A2232 Serv. Man.
12. 95 Syndicate
24. 95 A590 HO Service Manual 14,95 Populous
14. 95 CDTV Srvice Manual
17. 95 Address It! 1.5 AmiPC Power Mouse Software $ 26.95
18. 95 AmigaVision Clips vl SFX
8. 95 AmigaVision Professional
24. 95 Artworks Clip Art Library
22. 95 Audio Thunder 69,95 Aweb 2 w HTML Heaven
44. 95 Batch Factory
49. 00 Blitz Basic 2.1
69. 00 Brilliance 2.0
124. 95 Checks & Balances
38. 00 Cinema 4D Magic Link
239. 00 Composite Studio Pro
149. 95 Control Tower
139. 95 Co-Pilot Video
99. 00 Cross 00S v6
46. 95 Cross MAC
79. 00 Decision Maker
199. 00 Desktop Magic
28. 95 Oesktop Magic Sound Art Pack
14. 95 Diavolo Backup Standard
69. 00 Diavolo Backup Professional
98. 00 Digital Universe
124. 95 Directory Opus 5.5
79. 00 DirWork 2
59. 00 Disk Expander
37. 95 Disk Magic
54. 95 Disney Animation Studio
39. 95 Distant Suns 5.01 Floppy
57. 95 DJ Helper 2
59. 00 Easy Ledgers 2
149. 95 EnPrint 2 Epson Stylus Color Driver
34. 95 Family Connections
34. 00 Fiber Factory
79. 95 Pina! Calc
134. 95 Final Data Release 3 59,00 Final Writer Rel 5
112. 95 Final Writer Lite
59. 95 Fractal Pro 6.10 w FPIL v1 CD
85. 00 GameSmith Development System
68. 00 GeoMorph 1.0
49. 95 Gigamem 3.x
58. 95 HiSoft Basic 2
94. 95 Ibrowie
41. 95 Image F x 2.6
229. 95 ImageMaster R T
69. 00 InfoNexus 2 w DataNexus
59. 95 Interior Construction
69. 00 Interior Design 2. Or 3 (Specify)
38. 00 International Flowcharter
33. 95 Invoice It 1.2
34. 95 Link It!
49. 95 Magic Lantern v2
94. 00 Make Path 2.10
29. 95 Master ISO from ASIMware
174. 95 Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing 2
24. 95 MaxDOS 2.5
79. 00 Motion Master LW (Spec v1 or v2)
114. 95 Music X 2.0
69. 95 On the Ball vl.5
35. 00 PageStream 3.x
199. 00 Path Finder
99. 00 Pegger 2.0
29. 95 Photogenics
84. 95 Pixel 3D Pro 2.x
89. 95 Power Macros Lightwave
89. 95 Pretlum NEW Call Pro Vector 3
179. 00 Quarterback 6.1
49. 95 Quarterback Tools Deluxe 2.02
49. 95 Quarterback + Tools Bundle
89. 95 Radar 4000
299. 00 SAS C 6.51
159. 95 Scape Maker 4.0
39. 95 Scenery Animator 4,0
58. 95 Sequencer Oner
35. 00 Snap Maps: Building Materials
124. 95 Snap Maps: Fields & Foliage
124. 95 Solt Talk
7. 50 Sparks
119. 95 Squirrel Zip Jaz Tools
24. 95 Studio Printer 2 v2.13
85. 00 Super HP-OJC 3 or HP-LJ4 (Spec)
37. 95 Surface Pro
55. 95 Termite TCP
64. 95 Terra Form 2.10
29. 95 Turbo Calc 3.5
64. 95 Turbo Print 4.1
84. 95 Twist 2 Relational Database
119. 95 TypeSmith 2.5
69. 00 Upper Disk Tools
25. 95 Video Backup System
69. 00 Vista Pro 3.05 49,95 Wave Maker 2.0
179. 95 Wipe Studio
137. 95 World Construction Set vl
158. 95 World Construction Set v2
368. 95 Games for Amiga & CD-32 Aladdin AGA $ 24.95 Alien Breed 3D
AGA CD-32 (Specify) 29.95 Alien Breed 30 2 AGA CD-32
(Specify) 39.95 Beau Jolly Compilation 24.95 Breathless AGA
34.95 Capital Punishment AGA 39.95 Civilization ECS or AGA
(Specify) 24.95 Coala - for all accelerated Amigas 37.95
Colonization 36.00 The Clue (CD-32) 16.95 Defender of the
Crown 2 CD-32 16.95 Dungeon Master 2 AGA 42.95 Exile
AGA CD-32 (Specify) 37.95 Exile ECS 24.95 Extreme Racing
AGA CD-32 (Specify) 37.95 Fears AGA 37,95 Gloom CD-32 24.95
Gloom Deluxe Amiga 39.95 Humans 3 AGA 39.95 Lion King AGA
24.95 Odyssey Amiga 34,95 Odyssey CO-32 37.95 Overlord
ECS AGA 24.95 Pinball Illusions AGA CD-32 (Spec) 37.95
Pinball Mania AGA 37.95 Pinball Prelude ECS AGA (Specify)
34,95 Roadkill CD-32 17.95 Sensible Golf Amiga 37.95
Sensible World of Soccer 95 96 34.95 Shadow Fighter ECS AGA
(Specify) 19.95 Shadow Fighter CD-32 39,95 Slam Tilt AGA
34.95 Speris Legacy AGA CD-32 (Specify) 37.95 Star Crusader
AGA CD-32 (Specify) 42.95 Super Skidmarks ECS CD-32 (Spec)
34,95 Super Skidmarks Data Disk AGA 19,95 Super Stardust
AGA CD-32 (Spec) 34.95 Super Tennis Champs Amiga 34.95 Theme
Park ECS AGA (Specify) 44.95 Viro Cops ECS AGA (Specify)
29.95 Virtual Karting AGA 26,95 Watch Tower AGA 34.95 Worms
Amiga CD-32 (Specify) 39.95 XPB AGA 38.95 Amiga Books A1200
& CD-ROM Need to Know $ 29.95 Internet, Modems & Comms 29.95
Ultimate AMOS 28.95 Exploring Lightwave 3D 52.99 Complete
Post-Prod. W B. Wilson 24.95 FX Kit for Lightwave 33.95
Power FX for LW 5.0 27.95 Alfa Data AlfaPowsr Plus IDE HD
Controller 0 to 8Mb RAM: $ 149.95 for A500 500+ New 72 pin
SIMMs Alla Power Plus w 613Mb HO $ 369.95 Call lor other
configurations Persistence Software Emplant AMIA Interlace
$ 55.00 Mac Em ulation Pro (or Emplant 34.95 e586DX Module
for Emplant 99.95 We proudly announce 2 NEW software
emulation packages that allow you to run all Mac software on
your Amiga.
Emulation requires MAC ROM image file.
Mac Lite $ 54.95 Emplant A1200 & CD32 w SX Unit 46.95 HOT Info 610-586-5703 ve Hu Tech 610-586-8640 WiatSl FAX 610 586-5706 Qf f mQOO RAAO FAX 610-586-641G tfo« s. Mon-Fri 9 to 6; Sat 10 to 4 - Faster !
GVP-M We are the North American distributors for GVP-M, currently distributing many new and innovative products made in the U.S.A. All current boards support inexpensive 72 pin SIMMs.
A4000 Desktop Board 060 50MZ w SCSI-2, expandable to 128Mb RAM.
Supports normal 72 pin SIMMs. Blazing & faster SCSI-2 than Cyberstorm.
$ 924.95 A4060T Accelerator 060 50MZ. Four standard 72 pin sockets for up to 128Mb RAM in SIMM sizes of 4, 8, 16, or 32Mb. Supports EDO.
_$ 979.95_ A2000 060 50Mz T-Rex Same features as Desktop Board above.
$ 874.95 A2000 040 40MZ T-Rex Same features as Desktop Board above. Can be expanded to 060 50Mz later.
_$ 649.95_ A4008 Controller Card The classic SCSI-2 controller card for A2000 3000 4000.
Holds up to 8Mb RAM.
$ 139.95 A4008 w 360Mb HD $ 299.95 Each 2Mb increment - $ 46.00 Original GVP made SIMMs lor all older GVP boardi: 4Mb - $ 109.95 16Mb - $ 299.95 DSS 8 Plus 3.0 Software $ 29.95 I O Extender - 2 Serial, 1 Par. 119.00 NEW A500 Product Coming soon will be an 040 25Mz accelerator with 32 bit RAM capability and SCSI-2 controller all in one external case. The base model will be $ 349.95 If you purchased an M-Tec accelerator from us, call about a trade to this lightning fast productl Connect Your Amiga!
$ 19.00 for book only, or $ 39.00 w S disk set $ 27.00 for disks only Dice 3.2 - $ 89.95 MR Backup 2.5 - $ 45.00 Disk Salv 4 -$ 29.95 Amiga Envoy 2.0b - $ 45.00 MegaBall4-$ f9.00 The Deathbed Vigil & Other Tales of Angst - 2 hour video - $ 19.00 I HAVE MegaBalls! T-Shirt L or XL (Specify) - $ 14.95 Call for complete IAM product line.
Power HD Floppy Drives
3. 5Mb Super XL Ext. Drive $ 209.95 Power Computing 1.76 XL Ext.
134.95 Software Hut Proudly Announces the American
Distribution of Bruce Smith Books Total! AMIGA amlgador $ 29.95
Total! AMIGA anomOlar 30.95 Total! AMIGA workbench 28.95
Mastering Amiga Beginners 29.95 Mastering Amiga D0S3 Rel.
31.95 Mastering Amiga Scripts 29.95 Mastering Amiga Prog.
Secrets 31.95 Mastering Printers 29.95 Amiga A1200 Insider
Guide 25.95 Amiga A1200 Next Stepi Insider Guide 25.95 Amiga
Disks and Drives 25.95 Amiga Assembler Insider Guide 25.95
Workbench 3 A to Z Insider Guide 25.95 Amiga BASIC - A Dabhand
Guide 28.95 Coming Soon: Total! Amiga C Stotall Amiga AREXX
You can now visit Software Hut at our site on tho World Wldo
Webs www.softhut.com Apollo 1260 50Mz 68060 - For the A1200.
Accepts industry standard 72 pin SIMMs. Optional SCSI module
is available. $ 759.95 1240 25MZ 68040 • For the A1200. Accepts
industry standard 72 pin SIMMs. Optional SCSI module is
available. $ 379.00 1240 40Mz 68040 - Similar to 1240 25Mz
above $ 479.00 1230 50Mz ( 8030 - For the A1200. Accepts
industry standard 72 pin SIMMs. Optional FPU and or SCSI
module. $ 239.00 1200 SCSI Module - For the A1200. Installs on
any Apollo 1200 series accelerator & includes external SCSI.
$ 129.95 620 25MZ 68020 & 68882 - For the A600. Accepts 1, 2,
4, or 8Mb standard 72 pin SIMMs. $ 179.00 2030 25Mz 88030 - For
the A2000. Includes two standard 72 pin SIMM sockets and
SCSI-2 controller. $ 299.95 2030 50Mz 68030 - For the A2000.
Includes two standard 72 pin SIMM aocxeta and SCSI-2
controller. $ 389.95 2040 25Mz ( 8040 - For the A2000. Accepts
industry standard 72 pin SIMMs. Includes SCSI-2 controller.
$ 449.00 2040 40Mz 68040 - Similar to 2040 25MZ above.
$ 529.00 2060 50Mz 68060 - For the A2000. Accepts industry standard 72 pin SIMMs. Includes SCSI-2 controller. $ 849.95 4060 50Mz 68060 - For the A4000T. Includes four standard 72 pin sockets and SCSI-2 controller. $ 859.95 Apollo 2Mb Chip RAM Board • For A500 & A2000 users requiring more graphics memory for anims, etc. $ 185.00 Monitors Elsctrohome C34 Multiscan 14‘, ,28mm, 15 40kHz, 45 90Hz Flat Screen, full Amiga support of all screen modes including all AGA $ 519.95 CD 1401 Multiscan $ 579.00 15 to 23 pin Adapte r 28.95 Sync Strainer Adapter 49.95 Pro-260 Amplified Multi-Media 60w Speaker
System 39.95 Game Software Blowout r 'VVV'VXT '''' Adventures of Willy Beamish $ 12.95 Impossible Mission ECS CD32 Spec 14.95 I Amazing Spiderman
4. 95 Killing Cloud
8. 95 Amnios
11. 95 Last Action Hero
14. 95 Aquaventura
8. 95 Leander
11. 95 Bob’s Bad Day
6. 95 Math Blaster Plus
12. 95 Carl Lewis Challenge
11. 95 Oh No! More Lemmings - Add On
5. 95 Carmen San Diego - World
7. 00 Prime Mover
6. 95 Chamber of Sci Mutant Priestess 11.95 Red Zone
11. 95 Clown-O-Mania
4. 95 Road kill A1200
9. 95 Covert Action
4. 95 Sink or Swim
7. 95 Curse of the Azure Bonds
10. 95 Space Quest 4: Roger Wilco
14. 95 Dino Wars
6. 95 Subwar 2050 AGA
16. 95 Double Dragon 2 2,95 Table Tennis
4. 95 Dragonstone
11. 95 Targhan
4. 95 Espana Games
8. 95 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
7. 95 F29 Retaliator
12. 95 Tetris
7. 95 Fields of Glory
14. 95 Theme Park Mystery
3. 95 Flames of Freedom
4. 95 Top Gear 2
12. 95 Glodbule
8. 95 Wings
11. 95 Gunshoot
2. 95 Wiz’n’ Liz
11. 95 Gunship 2000 CD-32
14. 95 World Trophy Soccer
6. 95 Hill Street Blues
3. 95 Zool 2 AGA
12. 95 r~ Phase 5 Blizzard 1260 Turbo Board $ 799.95 Blizzard 2060
929. 00 Blizzard 1230-4 w 50Mz CPU
289. 95 Blizzard 1230 or 1260 SCSI Mod. 189.95 CyberGraphx
49. 95 Cybervision 64 3D 2 Mb Call Cybervision 64 3D 4 Mb
395. 00 MPEG Decoder for CV64 3D Call Monitor Switch for CV64 3D
Call Cyberstorm 060 Mk2 3000 4000 895.00 Cyberstorm SCSI
199. 95 Call for other new products V Flatbed Scanners Epson
Action Scanner 2 24 Epson ES1000 Scanner 2 bit color with up
to 1200DPI 24 bit color with up to 1600DPI resolution. •
$ 499.95 resolution. - $ 699.95 Software driver, such as (mage
FX, Is required.
Commodore Closeouts AM-TRADE is pleased to announce new high density floppy drives for Amiga computers These drives feature high quality Teac drive mechanisms & perform in the same manner as Commodore’s original Chinon 357A HD drives, requiring absolutely no software patch.
However, your computer must be equipped with OS 2.1 or higher. Reviewed in Amiga Report Online Magazine 4.1, they tested fine with: PC-Task; Shapeshifter; CrossDOS; CrossMAC; and SuperDuper, receiving a 99.99% compatibilty rating.
Currently these internal drives are available for: A4000, or A4000T - $ 109.95 A2000, 2000HD, or 2500 - $ 114.95 A1200 CBM, or A1200 A.T. • $ 114.95 External Model ¦ Coming Soon Amiga Products CDTV T-Shirt w Magazine $ 12.95 286 Bridgeboard - PBC Only
24. 95 2088XT Bridgeboard Complete
29. 95 A500 User Manual
5. 95 AC Power Cord 6,95 A4000 Top Case
7. 95 A4000 Bottom Case
7. 95 A4000 Front Bezel
9. 95 A4000 Metal Plate for FDDs 5.25‘
9. 95 AmigaVision Professional
24. 95 Textcraft Plus
7. 95 Amiga Starter Bundle
7. 95 Amiga Discovery Bundle
6. 95 A1000 Power Supply
12. 95 TV Text Pro DPaint 3 Bundle
12. 95 RK Manual Libraries & Devices v
7. 95 A1000 RF Cable
4. 95 CDTV Keyboard Black
59. 95 A1200 User Manual
5. 95 A4000User Manual
7. 95 CBM Dynamite Bundle
49. 95 Ribbon MPS1230 $ 7.00 Ribbon 801
7. 00 Ribbon 803
7. 00 Icontroller 12,95 128 Motherboard
39. 95 128D Motherboard
39. 95 1541 PCB Alps
19. 95 1541 PCB Newtronics 19,95 1541-2 PCB
16. 95 1670 Modem
14. 95 128D Keyboard
19. 95 128D Power Supply 110v
19. 95 128D Power Supply 240v
19. 95 C-64 HD Power Supply
24. 95 1571 PCB
24. 95 1571 Drive Assembly
29. 95 1541 Drive Assembly
24. 95 1541-2 Drive Assembly 24,95 C-64C Motherboard
34. 95 1581 1541-2 Power Supply
14. 95 C-128 RGB Monitor Cable
8. 95 PC-10 Keyboard
29. 95 Bank St. Writer 10,00 News Maker 128
5. 00 Special: Free Master Type with any C64 128 purchase Our
Policies No waiting lor your orders to ship, Orders in by 2PM
go out the same day. Second Day & Overnight shipping is
International orders ship by Air Parcel Post or UPS Express. Domestic orders ship by UPS or Airborne Express.
• All orders are subject to credit card verification • Due to ad
schedules, all prices are subject to change. We accept Visa,
Master Card, American Express, & Discover with NO service
charge. We also ship COD, accepting Cash, Certified Check, or
Money Order. Minimum COD order is $ 50,00, Software and
accessories shipping is $ 6.00. Hardware shipping is $ 6.00 for
small items, $ 15.00 for Monitors. Call for larger items. COD
add $ 5.00. Canadian, AP0, & International orders are welcome.
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time of order. 15% restocking fee on all returns not
exchanged for another item. Shipping charges are NOT
0 Copyright 1996, lenyAstoMCCli |Fx, All Rights Reserved nn_ U LLMJ fcgdpr* amiga telecommunications r la Searching through the World Wide Web can be a lot easier with the right tools.
J301 js*
- ..jssaaiJ _J Bdoad Load I .. Location }httpy vw
amlcravler com Omnlpre»ncel Aminet I Hboft I Rofc's |__ n We
will start the new year with a look at a Web site that may be
the only site you need in your hotlist.
AmiCrawler If you point your browser at: http: www.amicrawler.com you will find a site that can fulfill almost any Amiga-related need. The opening page (Figure 1) can take you to every AmiNet software site, help find Amiga Web users worldwide, and much more.
This first page contains the first Amiga Web Site search engine. By typing in key words to search for in the box, you initiate the search. If you prefer, you can go to the amiCrawler Directory, which provides access to Web sites that have been grouped by content. This is a real time saver when you are looking for information on a particular subject.
Have you ever tried to get a file from a busy AmiNet site, and wished you knew the URL of another site to try? The AmiNet Global File Server is a great place to begin those AmiNet sessions. From here you can access any file from any AmiNet site, without straining those memory cells remembering URL's. Choose an AmiNet directory, pick a site, and grab the file you want.
AMGA NET SEARCH lamiCrmrkr amiSpider Appt List AORM4 Kingfisher MORE COMPREHENSIVE THAN ANY OTHER AMIGA WB DIRECTORY Siy all you want. W Index every word of cvcrypajt, I MORE COMPREHERStVE THAI AIT OTHER AMIGA WHI DIRECTOR VI Cp.rop.Wfpn of Amiga web site s earch engines, Documents 1-10 of about 2279maniacs.
HTTP... hitp*«M, 1I2.M "CMifliydnuyjjiem
2. EatcBase Magazine -avad Issue *1, October 1996Editorial
WelconteTo The First Issue by John Corigliano Feature How To
MakeGames Plav bv Brannen Hough Amiga E Using H's OOP Features
bv Ali Graham Arexx Arexx For Beginners - Part 1 If you want
Internet specific software for your Amiga, then the Amiga
Internet Applications List is the place for you. Again, typing
key words into a string box will locate the latest versions of
the programs you are interested in.
The Amiga Online Reference Manual (Figure 2) provides specific technical information based on the search parameters you provide. While it may not contain information in depth on every subject, it can often provide the missing bit of info you need.
S. nduj iv aih«t Ul, 1996 Quick Search (shaherws.gqm') t | An*.
I -CH SELECT!QMS SESRCH Qukfc Pcr-wr otfver jfiithopMwtil
Selections Click here to view our top picks for die PC end
Mac. H39BXI Browse by Coapresa rm t-ftp. Fly Organize, manage,
and compress files from tie desktop with PowerDesk 2.0 for
Windows 95 NT. Premier* Internet Explorer 3.0 cornea to the
lac Microsoft comes through for the Mac crowd with this
powerful, memory-efficient Web browser. DboUi Gamer?, Start
yonr ewylnea Behind the wheel of IndyCar Racing II for Windows
95 the thrill nf the rar*. Is sn real vrvn might forget it's a
! :o Figure 4. Http: www.shareware.com connects you to a
source for shareware for all systems.
Figure 3. The AmiSpider is a Web page search engine that indexes every word of every Highlights |He locMiost PROGDlR.doc AWrt hW ¦¦¦¦BTIiI'hI SI id -td id r~ Aweb-II 2.1 Demo The Amiga W&Bnmert Introduction ThefuBycysioft Some general notes about Aweb Copyright, disclaimer Read what the full version can System, requirements Whet you need to run Aweb Installation How to install Aweb Tips for 2MB Amiga users How to use Aweb with lied* memory Overview Jump directly to the relevant section The GUI What the buttons do Menus About the menu bar The browser window About the browser window and its
contents Common problems and their solutions Contact If you have questions, remarks, etc. Acknowledgements The people who helped make Aweb the best browser available If you Bee this demo, then purchase the full product I If you have a product or service you are using the Web to promote, you will want to check out the Amiga Web Network Cooperative.
If you have a product or service you are using the Web to promote, you will want to check out the Amiga Web Network Cooperative. This is a free service that allows your Web page to be featured on other Amiga Web pages, with your page performing the same service for others.
The amiCrawler White Pages provides an alphabetical listing of users who have submitted Web site URL's. This is a great way to let other Amiga users know about your Web page.
While it sounds kind of creepy, the AmiSpider (Figure 3) is a Web page search engine that indexes every word of every page in its database.
The Kingfisher provides an online search tool for the Fred Fish Collection.
Now you can check to see if you already have a program on a Fish disk before spending the time to download it.
As you can see, with this one URL, you can be well on your way to a compete Amiga Web resource.
Figure 5. The demo version 2.1 of Aweb-II.
AmigcfDevelopers Environment The Geek Gadgets CD-ROM contains the Amiga Developers Environment (ADE), which is a project conceived and managed by Cronus, to produce and support Amiga ports of dozens of the most popular development tools and utilities from the Free Software Foundation, BSD, and other sources.
This CD contains virtually all the tools you need to get started programming on the Amiga, including advanced C, C++, Fortran, and ADA compilers, assembler, linker, EMACS editor, "make", source code control systems (res & cvs), text and file utilities, GNU debugger, text formatters (groff & TeX), and more. Geek Gadgets is the perfect companion to the AT Developers CD, which contains mostly documentation and utilities.
$ 26.95 Amiga DeveloperCD V1.1 $ 15.95 This CD contains almost all of the material you need to start developing software for the Amiga.
Aminet (current release) $ 17.95 The world's largest collection of freely distributable Amiga software available. A wide variety of programs is included: applications, games, demos, pictures, mods, animations, developer material, network software and much more. User friendly access software makes the Aminet Cds a pleasure to use. Bimonthly releases include selected portions of the Aminet files.
Eric Schwartz Productions CD Archive $ 19.95 Created by Eric Schwartz, this CD contains all of Eric's previously released animations and artwork. Also included are several unreleased animations, dozens of pictures, Imagine and Lightwave 3D objects used in creating some of the animations and a special set of icons. As a bonus, this release introduces three new animations as well as material from other Amiga artists and cartoonists Eric has worked with.
FantaSeas $ 23.95 This Portfolio Photo CD brings you the beauty and diversity of the oceanic world! Photo sites range from the walls of Grand Cayman to the Blue Comer of Palau. This two CD set contains macro shots of colorful ocean life as well as detailed shotsof World War II shipwrecks plus much more. There are almost 300 24- bit images, each one presented in five different resolutions ranging from 192x128 up to 3072x2048 pixels. As a bonus. FantaSeas includes Portfolio Photo CD software for Mac and PC users!
Magic Publisher $ 44.95 If you want to write a book, design a poster, create WWW pages for the Internet or layout a magazine, you will find all you need on this marvelous CD-ROM. There are more than 10000 fonts, 5000 cliparts and 150 printer drivers. Many of these are exclusive to Magic Publisher. You will also find a complete installation of PasTeX, Final Writer 4 SE, Wordworth 4 TD and all available Amiga free shareware programs for creating Internet WWW documents.
(R0N 1840 East Warner Road 105-265 V Tempe, Arizona 85284 ' (800) 804-0833 voice (602) 491 -0442 fax (602) 491 -0048 email lnfo@ninemoons.com Call for a complete listing of Cronus products.
Circle 116 on Reader Service card.
Shareware Most of us either use, or have access to, other computer systems besides our Amigas. With the availability of emulators, many of us use more that one operating system on our Amigas. This next site is another allpurpose one. The URL: http: www.shareware.com connects you to a source for shareware for all systems (Figure 4).
For systems from Amiga to Unix, and a dozen other categories, you can find all sorts of programs here. Links to other sites provide even more variety.
Updates The demo version of Ibrowse has been updated to version 1.02, and the time limit has been removed. The internal image decoder has been changed, and now handles some image types better than previous versions. You can download it from the Ibrowse homepage at: http: www.omnipresence.com ibrowse Also updated is the demo version of Aweb. Now known as Aweb-II, the demo is version 2.1 (Figure 5). New on line documentation, and configuration options top the list of changes. Check the biz demo subdirectory of AmiNet, or the authors homepage for the current version:
http: www.xs4all.nl ~yrozijn aweb versions.html Where To Find Me rhays@kiva.net http: www.kiva.net ~rhays
R. Hays5 on Genie 72764,2066 on CompuServe For U.S. Mail: Rob
P. O. Box 194 Bloomington, IN 47402 Please include a SASE if you
need a personal reply.
If you run an Amiga specific BBS, send me the information callers will need to access your system. Phone number(s), modem speeds, software settings, etc. As a service to the Amiga community I will include the information I receive in this column from time to time.
If you come across any World Wide Web sites you feel would be of interest to the Amiga community, pass them along for inclusion in the Hotlist of the Month. Send the info to any of my addresses above.
That's all for now. See you on line!
• AC* This is the tenth and last column in this series about Web
Where have we been? Well, we discussed what the Web is, how to connect to it, and how to prepare for creating your own Web pages. We covered most of the basics of HTML, including both standard HTML and Netscape extensions. We went over how to create tables. We looked at how to produce forms, read data entered on a form, manipulate the data with a CGI program, and Email the data back to ourselves. We talked about image maps and how to handle them from both the client and the server side.
Web typesetting Part 10: Today and Tomorrow by Randy Finch Randy Finch completes his series on Web Publishing by looking at the future of the Web and the questions we must consider today.
Finally, last time, we got framed.
Basically, we have covered just about everything that can be done with current Amiga browsers and more (frames). In this final episode, I will be discussing the current state of HTML standards and the future of the World Wide Web.
HTML 3.2 The current standard for HTML is the HTML 3.2 draft released on May 7, 1996 (most recent draft published on September 9,1996, see http: www.w3.org pub WWW for list of documents by the World Wide Web Conference). HTML 3.2 brings together features of HTML 2.0, HTML Welwunie to my hunt page, cranled uiiia a vtntrabli Ad000 Tlur* me (liman here for everyone, not juxt tbelinrd Atman uven You will find infonnnlion for bfl nmrs wuhina to learn about HTML, link* to a variety of location* and a few JTKG picture* Look around 1 hope you enjoy yourielf Under con* taut com (ruction.
3. 0, and custom extensions created by vendors (especially
Netscape). This is the new standard for Web designers to use
for Web page production and for Web browser software producers
to strive toward. Although several browsers in the PC and Mac
world have had many of these features for some time, Amiga
browsers are just beginning to add them.
Some of the Netscape extensions and other features that were included in HTML 3.2 are: 1.
Align text around images.
Specify the size of an image for scaling purposes.
Define free space around images.
Change the border size around images.
Change the width and size of horizontal lines.
New numbering styles for ordered lists.
New bullet styles for unordered lists.
Text alignment features.
Font sizing and coloring.
What's HTML] Uqks] About Davc| Some Pictures The Web Counter fays you are iritor number BUSY Special thanks to Bob at The Vapor Ware Center for loads of help.. Last update on lOr19 9 5- Created at Media Stuff
11. Page background color.
12. Client side image maps.
13. Java applets.
With HTML 3.2 in draft form waiting to be finalized, HTML 3.3 is already in the planning stages. Some of the new features slated for the future are frames, style sheets, math, Figure 1. Dave’s Flome Page at http: www.dimensional.com ~dcaron . banners, figures, and notes. In addition, Netscape, Microsoft, and others are still about the business of adding non-standard extensions to their browsers. Let's take a look at where the Web is headed currently.
The Future of the Web Some of the current trends for the Web include Java, JavaScript, Visual Basic Script, ActiveX, and add-ins.
Java is Sun Microsystems' creation. It is a programming language based on C++ that has features designed specifically for creating applications that can be run over a network securely. Java has been catching on quickly and there are already a ton of books on the market about it. Basically, an APPLET tag is added to a page of HTML code. An attribute of this tag points to an application file that is executed by any browser supporting Java.
Java has certain limitations that prevent criminal Web sites from mucking up your computer system.
Also, Java is not a compiled language in the same sense as C++. Java is compiled to a byte-code format that is then read by a byte-code interpreter built into or added to a browser. The interpreter is responsible for executing the program on whatever computer platform it is running on. This allows Java to be very portable, which is necessary when executing programs on a network where many different computers are being used. There are at least a couple of Java interpreters in the works for the Amiga. Keep an eye out for them.
JavaScript is a scaled down version of Java. The code for JavaScript can be included directly in the HTML code after a SCRIPT tag.
This alleviates having to have a bytecode compiler to create an applet and then referencing this separate file within the HTML code. Rather, the code comes right along with the HTML code. Remember that JavaScript cannot do everything that Java can. However, if it can be done, it is much more convenient.
Visual Basic Script is Microsoft's answer to JavaScript. It is better at Organize Your Finances rfnrntthe Smart Wav K» W W Wmy Introducing Money Smart Exclusive for the Amiga
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Based. However, Microsoft has a lot of clout. They may be able to change this in the future. Just to hedge their bets, Microsoft's browser supports both JavaScript and VBScript.
Some tasks but not at others. The main concern with VBScript is that it may not be as widely supported as JavaScript. This is because Java and JavaScript have a reputation of being platform independent, whereas Visual Basic has a reputation of being PC ActiveX is another Microsoft invention. It is basically the next Tom Law - Computer Arts M1JSIC - ROWDY music. Improbable music. Dancing Music. [Wave samples, Cds, cassettes ]
- Music and Video with Sly Big Sphinx of Quartz Animation
Orchestral LIVE PERFORMANCE Computer art workshops, School ID
sheets, Web page design FMATT, tomlaw@coiiccnlnc.net - - -
More About Tom Law - L. -i EDI 1C A TJONA L SERVICES Figure 2.
Tom Law’s Page at http: www.cris.com ~Tomlaw . generation of
Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) objects. ActiveX has the
potential to add much new functionality to the Web, but again
it is currently PC based. To become widely accepted, it must
become multiplatform.
Add-ins hold a lot of potential for adding new capabilities to browsers without having to upgrade the browser itself. Netscape and Microsoft support add-ins with their browsers.
If Amiga browsers started supporting add-ins, then software vendors could write their own add-in (to be distributed free) that would allow users to view custom files created by their software directly in the browser.
Think about being able to view graphics, animations, CAD drawings, videos, and desktop publishing output with one program. Or listen to music and sound files directly from the Web.
Many of you have probably heard of Intranets, where companies add an internal Web site that can only be viewed by employees. Add-ins are great for Intranets. Since the company can install whatever software they want on their employees' computers, they can standardize their documents in some format other than HTML.
With every employee having the appropriate add-in, they can view these custom documents with their browser and never realize the difference.
With video, sound, and other bandwidth intensive media beginning to appear on the Internet, what is desperately needed now is faster connections for the average user. The current standard is now 28.8 Kbaud modems. However, even with a modem of this speed, it is rare that you actually communicate at that speed.
Bad connections from your house to the local phone company, traffic by other users, and broken connections requiring rerouting can cause the actual speed of communications to be very slow. Telecommunication companies are adding bandwidth like crazy but they are having a hard time keeping up with the increased demand.
New technologies are coming along such as ISDN, ADSL, and cable modems. These promise to provide Web surfers with much bigger and faster waves to ride. However, most of these are slow in coming and can be quite expensive.
Attention Exhibitors Developers More Reader Sites I have only received two Emails about reader Web sites since last month. Also, Terry Cooksey (featured in part 8 of this series) wants you to know that his new site is now at http: ns.insolwwb.net ~terry . Here are the latest sites.
Dave’s Home Page This site (Figure 1) was created by Dave (better known as Walt) Caron. It is a nice site containing information about creating Web pages (you trying to steal my thunder, Walt?), links to Amiga thingies and other thingies, some pictures, and information about Dave-Walt himself. You can find this site at http: www.dimensional.com
- dcaron .
Assets Manufacturing, “More sales in one day than we’d ever had before.” Bob Luneski-Oregon Research “Count us in.” For exhibitor information on the best AMIGA show call Bob at 314-739-5181 or e-mail “bscharp@icon-stl.net”. For tickets call 1-800-829-8608 (new number). Visit our web page at “http: www.icon-stl.net ~barlog GAC show.html”. Circle 125 on Reader Service card.
Tom Law - Computer Arts This site (Figure 2) was created by, you guessed it, Tom Law. This is a cool site containing information about Cds and cassettes that Tom has produced along with 15 second WAV files for you to sample his music. He also has information about a 15 Amiga computer video wall that he has created. You can find all this and more at http: www.cris.com ~Tomlaw . WEB TYPESETTING I hope you have enjoyed this series of articles on Web typesetting.
Based on the voluminous comments I have received via Email, I believe that you did. As I said in the last installment, I still plan to write an occasional standalone article, so you can't get rid of me forever. Let's just hope that the Amiga can keep up given that Microsoft, Netscape, and Sun Microsystems, none of which support the Amiga, will be driving the future of the World Wide Web. »AC» FLOPPY TITLES NOMAGA Aegis Animator
4. 95 Macro Assembler
9. 95 Barbarian II
2. 95 Oh No, More Lemmings 1.95 Boppin'
1. 95 Ork
1. 95 Back To The Future III 1.95 Pagesetter
7. 95 Bumper Quad Pack
6. 95 Play Days
22. 95 California Challenge
2. 95 Piracy
2. 95 Carl Lewis Challenge
1. 95 Pocoman
2. 95 Centerfold Sqaures
2. 95 Prime Mover
3. 95 Chuck Rock I
2. 95 Pixie N Dixie
3. 95 Classic Arcadia
7. 95 Premier Manager III
14. 95 Count Duckula 1
3. 95 Prime Time
3. 95 Count Duckula II
3. 95 Pushover
2. 95 Cybertron
2. 95 Red Zone
2. 95 Cytron
2. 95 Raider
2. 95 Dalek Attack
3. 95 Ruff M Tlimble
24. 95 Death Mask
6. 95 Sci Fi Collection
5. 95 Exile
3. 95 Shaq Fu
3. 95 Fire Force
3. 95 Soccer Team Manager
2. 95 Formula 1 Masters
19. 95 Stable Masters
19. 95 Font Set I
1. 95 Suburban Commando
5. 95 Football Director II
2. 95 Tengen Arcade Hits
3. 95 Football Masters
19. 95 Tfext Craft Plus
4. 95 Galactic Warrior Rats
3. 95 Thom.TcinkEiigine&Friends 15.95 Godfather
3. 95 Thoni.lctnkEnginePinball
15. 95 Gold Of The Aztecs
2. 95 Time Keepers
17. 95 Grand Prix
13. 95 Hack Suit Manager II
29. 95 Greens
2. 95 Tburing Car Challenge
10. 95 Heat Wave
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3. 95 Valhalla 1
19. 95 Hillside Lido
17. 95 Valhalla II
19. 95 Hunter
2. 95 Valhalla III
25. 95 International Golf
6. 95 Viva
9. 95 JUG
1. 95 Where. .World Carmen SanDiego 5.95 Kickoff 96
39. 95 Wiz N Liz
2. 95 Kids Rule OK
6. 95 Wolfchild
1. 95 Killing Cloud
1. 95 World Class Soccer
1. 95 Math Blaster Plus
6. 95 World Golf
12. 95 Money Mentor
4. 95 World Tour (Educational) 2.95 Micky Boom
1. 95 Worms
23. 95 Lords Of The Realm
23. 95 Deluxe Paint 11
5. 95 Amiga CDROM TITLES 1078 Weird Textures
12. 95 Euroscene 2
16. 95 17 Bit Collection
19. 95 Fl Llcenseware
21. 95 17 Bit Continuation
14. 95 Fresh Fish 8 or 9
6. 95 17 Bit Phase 4
14. 95 Goldfish 1
9. 95 17 Bit 5th Dimension
19. 95 Goldfish 2
9. 95 3D Images
12. 95 Goldfish 3
15. 95 3D Objects
12. 95 GFX Sensations
19. 95 AGA Experience 2
19. 95 Hottest 6
21. 95 Amiga Developer 1.1
27. 95 In lb The net
18. 95 Amiga Repair Kit
39. 95 Jon Pasternak's SFX Vol. l 49.95 Aminet 3
2. 95 Light ROM 3
29. 95 Aminet 8
9. 95 LSD 17 Bit Comp. 1
14. 95 Aminet 9
9. 95 LSD 17 Bit Comp. 2
14. 95 Aminet 10
9. 95 LSD 17 Bit Comp. 3
19. 95 Aminet 11
9. 95 Magic Illusions
14. 95 Aminet 12
13. 95 Magic Publisher
39. 95 Aminet 13
15. 95 Meeting Pearls II
12. 95 Aminet 14
17. 95 Multimedia Toolkit 2
29. 95 Aminet Set 1
29. 95 Network CD I
6. 95 Aminet Set 2
29. 95 Network CD II
13. 95 Aminet Set 3
29. 95 Octamed 6
29. 95 Amos PD CD 2
19. 95 Octamed Sound Studio
29. 95 Artworks CD
12. 95 Print Studio Pro
31. 95 BCI NET 1
13. 95 Scene Storm
19. 95 CD PD 1
3. 95 Sci Fi Sensations
15. 95 CD PD 2
3. 95 Sounds Terrific 1
17. 95 CD PD 3
3. 95 Sounds Terrific 2
19. 95 CD PD 4
3. 95 Speccy CD
15. 95 Demo CD 1
6. 95 Super Autos 94 95
12. 95 Demo CD 2
6. 95 UPD Gold Set
29. 95 Encounters:UFO Exp.
17. 95 Utilities Experience 1
19. 95 Euro CD 1
16. 95 Weird Science Clipart
8. 95 Euroscene 1
6. 95 Zoom CD 2
GARNERVILLE, NY 10923 914-786-1711 Voice 914-786-1708 Fax
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4. 95 Fractal Universe
5. 95!
Bump N Burn
5. 95 Fun School 3
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5. 95 Groliers Encyclopedia
9. 95 Chaos Engine
2. 95 Logical Games
5. 95 Dangerous Streets
3. 95 Moving Gives Stomache Ache
2. 95 Donk
5. 95 Mud Puddle 2,95| Exile
19. 95 Paper Bag Princess
2. 95' Global Effect
3. 95 Power Pinball
2. 95 Impossible Mission
10. 95 Psycho Killer
1. 95 Lotus Tyilogy
7. 95 Thomas' Snowsuit
2. 95 Myth
5. 95 Tbwn With Ho Hame
1. 95 Oh Yes More Lemmings .1.9.95 Women In Motion
2. 95j Out to Lunch
4. 95 Wrath Of The Demon
2. 95' Power Drive
9. 95 Prey Ryder Cup Golf
11. 95
12. 95 AGA FLOPPY TITLES Sheer Delight
9. 95 Alien Breed 2
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19. 95 Alien Breed 3D 2
24. 95 Striker
4. 95 Body Blows Galactic
3. 95 Summer Olympics
5. 95 Breathless
29. 95 Total Carnage
5. 95 Brutal Sports Football
9. 95 Video Creator
14. 95 Exile
9. 95 Wild Cup Soccer
3. 95 Speris Legacy
9. 95 World Atlas
34. 95 Super Street Fighter 2 Uirbo
9. 95 Worms
25. 95 Virtual Karting
12. 95 Your Privacy Assured
9. 95 Watch Tbwer
14. 95 Zooli
2. 95 Please Read: Add $ 5.50 minimum for shipping (UPS Service)
within the USA. Other shipping options available.
International orders must be prepaid with a credit card or an
International Money Order in US funds. Prices subject to
change. Not responsible for typos.
NY residents subject to New York Sales Tax._' MISCELLANEOUS STUFF CD32 Replacement Joypad 3.95 Mindscape Power Player Joystick 3.95 A1000 Power Supply 6.95 'Connect Your Amiga TO The Internet’ VHS Video (PAL&NTSC) with Software 9.95 Box of Assorted CBM Service Manuals & System Schematics 9.95 Box of Assorted Amiga Cables 5.95 Box of Assorted Amiga Computer Parts (chips, drives, boards...) 9.95 by Michael Tobin, M.D., Ph.D. security is an issue with you on the internet or at any time you are sending files, PGP may be the answer.
Amiga PGP retty Good Privacy can protect your medical records and a whole lot more!
The Zimmerman Saga Your medical records are confidential.
Typically, they stay with your doctor or hospital until you need it. There are, however, occasions when medical information including x-rays must be rapidly transferred to a physician treating you somewhere other than where you live.
The Internet is ideally suited for such transfers but it lacks the security necessary to ensure confidentiality. A program called PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), which encrypts messages, may provide an answer.
Philip Zimmerman developed a two key method of encryption. Using his program, PGP, a user generates a related set of keys, one public and one private. The public key can be widely distributed, as for example, part of an e-mail signature, or listed on special servers that store public keys. Anyone can then send the user an encrypted message provided that he she knows the user's public key. However, only the user can decrypt the message because only he has the private or secret key.
When PGP became widely disseminated throughout the world, Zimmerman ¦A JB |ht t p : uuu . Ul.uto. no 9P The International PGP Home Page W elcome to the IntemationoJ POP Home Page! This page is provided as a service to die growing number of PGP users around the globe, and contains updated information FAQs and relevant iniks regarding die latest international PGP versions, if you have any comments on this page, please mail them to staleiSPlirpnorech com.
The latest international version of PGP (commonly referred to as PGPi), is version 2.6.3i This version is only intended for users outside the US. If you live in the USA, you should use PGP 2 o 3orTGP 2.6.2 from MIT instead.
0 What’s new’ Figure 1: Follow the links in The International PGP Home Page for information about privacy and encryption.
Became the subject of a legal investigation.
He was suspected of exporting encryption software which, under current U.S. law, is classified as a "munition." After three years, the case against Zimmerman was dropped without indictment.
Those interested in more information about Philip Zimmerman and the issue of privacy can visit http: www.ifi.uio.no pgp The International PGP Home Page (Figure 1) and http: world.std.com ~franl pgp pgp.html Home Page of Francis Littero and follow the links given there.
The Present Confused State of Affairs Subsequent development of patents, licenses etc. has lead to multiple versions of PGP, all of which, fortunately, communicate with each other, at least for the time being.
First of all, there is an international version of PGP and U.S. Canadian version(s). The U.S. version may not be exported. Actually, there is no need for export as the international and U.S. versions are essentially identical and completely compatible.
Both the U.S. and international versions of PGP have been compiled for all major computer systems including the Amiga. An encrypted message created on one computer can easily be decoded on another.
Non-Amiga U.S. versions of PGP intended for personal, non-commercial use can be obtained from M.I.T. (http: web.mit.edu network pgp.html). For An (Net An (Net Bn (Net RniNet: An (Net RniNet An(Net RniNet AniNet RniNet AniNet RniNet An Inet AniNet AniNet RniNet RniNet Rn iNel RniNet Inet RniNet RniNet RniNet RniNet RniNet RniNet n Ike-tv VooOoo P9P pgp-en Profile Nana! |pgp-aniga~ Host Nane: |ftp.ccoTca(tecK.edu ROT Server: | Rnon login: y 1 Login Nane: Password: Retries: Renote Dir: ( pub Vknop pgp-an iga~7~ Local Dir: (ran: amftp AMIGA!
K a Jv I 1 Jun 2 2903 Jun 2 9333 Jul 1 7441 Jun 2 B inary Ha Ip amftp AMIGA® extract the file with LHA, you are (finally) ready to go.
1 would note that I have also used ncftp and AmiFTP (Figure 5) with equally good success. You can also find Amiga PGP files at Michael Paul Johnson's ftp site ftp: ftp.csn.net mpj) where you read README.MPJ for the identity of the "hidden" directory. Once there, you select "pgp" to enter that directory and then "amiga" to find the actual Amiga PGP files.
Although the files here are also those of Robert Knop, the versions were slightly older when 1 visited. Therefore, I recommend you use Kxtop's own site to get the latest PGP revision.
Commercial applications, U.S. residents are required to purchase PGP from ViaCrypt (http: www.viacrypt.com ). How to get Amiga PGP Although neither M.l.T. nor Viacrypt has an Amiga version of PGP, all is not lost.
Non-U.S Amiga users can simply use their browsers to go to http: www.ifi.uio.no pgp download.shtml and download the latest international version of Amiga PGP.
For U.S. Amiga users, the situation is more complicated. A U.S. version of PGP
2. 6.3 has been compiled by Robert A. Knop, a Ph.D. candidate in
Astrophysics at the California Institute of Technology. He
maintains this program at ftp:
ftp.cco.caltech.edu pub rknop pgp-amiga The Amiga PGP programs
are in a hidden directory whose identity' periodically
changes. The current name of this directory can be found at
the end of the README file, which you must, of course, read
first. The README file outlines the conditions under which you
may download and use the U.S. version of PGP.
Because it is obviously not possible to use a "point-and-click interface'' to enter a directory that is invisible, you must either disconnect and then reconnect to the new (longer) ftp site or else add the additional subdirectories to ftp.cco.caltech.edu pub rknop pgp-amiga and hit return to change to the hidden directory where the Amiga programs are stored.
Specific Instructions Because getting the U.S. version of Amiga PGP 2.6.3 may be confusing, I have decided to use AmFTP to illustrate how to obtain this program. An evaluation copy of AmFTP can be found in Aminet archives.
While the PGP file itself is for U.S. and Canadian citizens only, the description of how to do an ftp download may be of interest to readers everywhere.
After launching the AmFTP program via its workbench icon, select the "Connect" button to add a new ftp site. Enter values as shown in Figure 2 and then select "Connect to FTP Server" to do just that. After you are successfully connected and logged in, you will see several entries including one called README (Figure 3). Select it and use the "Show" button to read the license agreement . Near the end of the README file, is a complete URL where the Amiga PGP can be found. It has the general appearance ftp: ftp.cco.caltech.edu pub rknop pgp- amiga I_will_not_export abcdefg where abedefg is a
directory whose (case sensitive) name randomly' changes.
At this point either disconnect and then restart AmFTP using the new URL as a "new" ftp site or, as I would recommend, simply click in the "Remote" box at the top right and add I_will_not_export abcdefg at the end of the current directory listing.
Hit return to change to the new directory.
Just remember, abedefg is going to be different for you than it was for me, and probably will be different each time you visit.
If all goes well, you should be inside the hidden directory, and see a list of Amiga files. Select the version of Amiga PGP appropriate for your processor and use the "Receive" button to download your selection to the "Local" directory, which, in our example is RAM: (Figure 4). Once you Figure 2: AmFTP makes it easy to connect to ttp sites. Here we have set it up to go to where AmigaPGP v2.63 is kept.
Figure 3: Once you connect to R. Knop’s pgp-amiga directory, use AmFTP’s "Show” button to view the README file. Toward the end of that file is the name of the hidden directory.
280 PORT connand successful.
280 Type set to R. 130 Opening RSCII node data connection for bin is.
Reading file list... Received 468 bytes in 00:00:09.08; 5.7 kbyte s 226 Transfer conpiete.
UuRrchtve USR NetNet 'USR RnigaL ib USR Liveuire RustraIi Loth Scand i nav i a EuNet Schui tier I and Gernany ’Qernany Paderborn Gernany Stut tgart Gemany Eri angcn Gernany Berlin Qernanv Chenn i tz Gemany flug&burg Gernany Brenen Gernany Kaiserslautern Gern Tr itr Gcrnany Rac hen Gcrnany Slagen Gernanv Cnan Franct Groll*r France _J Transfer node: Qi iea Rustr ia un ina Italy Ua PortugaI H M Uk fVI. 1 dir, Ti'STTSRTiRl- Gu i Spa In Doc UK Mire os UK FTP CaIi torn I a iga lga-2 TCP IP iga-2a .nessage n i 11i cen.txt README rsa11cen.txt New I Delete l»H~l *l zl Batch I Refresh WSJ We leone to
RnFTP 1.53 (85.03.96) _ ittcn 1995-1996 by Mathias hischier & Oliver Wagner, Rll Rights Reserve I sing RniTCP IP release 4 bsdsocket.Iibrary 4.20 (08.01.95) IbniTCP-aIike RnFTP vl.53 (0 .03.96) U 1995-1996 Mathias Hischier, Rll Rights Reserved ¦cco.cai Connect to FTP Server Local: |ran: | | Parent I Today 22:1 @Today 22:2 mToday 22:4 PGPRniga-020. Iha 303795 Refresh I MkDir | mnnz] Show | Renane 1 Delete 1 Send » | in m.rn 181, 3 dir. M, 8K [8k] Renote: | l_not,export H9NVobnt | v| Parent| .message 385 J .message" 229 J PQPftnlga-008.Iha 384482 J PGPRniga-800.readme 659 J PGPftniga-828.Iha
38379S J PGPftn tga-020 . Readne 625 J rsaref-anlga.(ha 66426J Refresh I HkDlr | EZ1±J- Show I Delete I J AJ Downloading fI la ~P£Pfftniga-0 200 PORT connand successful.
200 Type set to 1.
150 Opening BINARY node data connection for PGPRniga-020 Received 383795 bytes in *-- - - ¦ - 226 Transfer conpicte.
828. Iha” PGPRniga-020.Iha~ (303795 byt (383795 byte amftp AMIGA®
00:02:15,17; 2.2 kbyte s CSE nut* l . d4 15 l Magnus mjl* an
|ftp.cco.caitech.edu~ Current site: Directory
|nop pgp-artiga I_wi1i_not_export 'wf 6SVREi ~|Reload| Hr
iga-860. Iha 364482 Jun 25 06:59 rknop grads S9a-i9§,T£adne
4un S!:S2 rknop grads iga-820.iha 363795 Jun 25 08:59 rknop
grads ¦ga-826.readne 625 Jun 23 61:01 rknop grai Download
path |Raw: Parent Get Put V ieu Connect to., Disconnect _Ed
Figure 4: Once you know the name of the hidden directory,
add it to the end of the current directory in the “Remote”
box at the top right of the screen and then hit return. For
reasons of security, the name of the hidden directory
changes periodically.
Figure 5: AmiFTP is also a solid performer for ftp transfers. Ncftp (not shown), which is included in the commercidl AmiTCP IP distribution, is olso reliable.
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It’s All Down Hill From Here After you extract the PGPAmiga archive, f recommend that you create a directory called PGP on your Work: partition and copy everything into it. You will next need to set the environmental Uibras , Amigans, fK Get Connected! '' "see A f World Wide Web variable PGPPATH to correspond to the location of your PGP directory: setenv PGPPATH work:PGP copy ENV:PGPPATH ENVARC: Although the documentation that comes with PGPAmiga v2.6.3 is quite adequate, you can download from my ftp site (ftp: ftp.portal.com pub mikety) documentation in AmigaGuide™ format including
excellent step-by-step instructions contained in PGPNutshell.guide written by Jeremiah S. Junken. This documentation was originally part of the PGPAmi26ui.lha archive that I found on Portal.
Later, you will need to make a few changes in the config.txt file in your Work:PGP directory. You can download and, with slight modification such as changing my name to yours, use my config.txt file as your own. Perhaps you will only want to look at my configuration as an example for your own. In any case, I have placed this file on my ftp site, calling it mtPGPconfig.txt so that you will not confuse it with what you already have.
Naturally, you can have only one config.txt for AmigaPGP so you will have to do some renaming if you do decide to use my config file.
GUI Interfaces for AmigaPGP While there are GUI interfaces for AmigaPGP on Aminet such as PGPtoGUIV2.0e.lha and KnackllOa.lha, I do not think you will need them if you have any facility at all with the Amiga shell. In addition, you will still have to read the PGP documentation in order to understand what the options mean.
PGPtoGUI is "cardware" you send a picture of your hometown to the author if you like his program. Tire only confusing point I initially had was that the encryption button has "crypt" written on it instead of the "encrypt" I expected. Otherwise, the program seemed fine.
Knack is a shareware program that provides GUI interfaces for several programs, PGP being only one of them. I have tested Knack much less thoroughly but it did appear to work. The documentation, e.g. the Installation and the AmigaGuide instructions, are in German.
But it is "easy" German and I was able to guess at the words I didn't know. The menus are in English. I did have a problem installing the program which I then completed manually. There really wasn't much to the installation but you will have to configure Knack so that it knows to find PGP in the Work:PGP directory.
The choice is yours, but I think you will not have any problem with using the Amiga shell.
First Steps An Overview Tire first time I used PGP, I followed the instructions exactly as I found them in PGPNutshell.guide. I recommend you do the same. Basically, here is what you are going to do:
(1) You will first generate a personal set of keys, one public
and one private, (pgp - kg). You will be prompted for such
things as your ID line and the size of the key you want to
generate. The larger the key, the more difficult for a hacker
to decode but the more time it takes to use. Not a major
issue. I think 1024 bits should do nicely. Your typing
pattern will generate the keys. You will also need a pass
phrase. Make sure that it is something you will remember and
is short enough so that you won't mind typing it! There are
online instructions to help you out.
(2) The next step is to extract an ASCII version of your public
key which you can then distribute to whomever you like. If
you would like to call this file mykey.asc, you would type
pgp -kxa your_ID mykey.asc pubring.pgp I think it is worth
pointing out that you do not have to use your entire ID for
PGP commands; only a distinguishing part of it. If you used
your e-mail address as part of your ID line as recommended in
the PGPNutshell.guide, then your user name may be unique
(3) This would probably be a good time to edit your config.txt to
reflect your ID, the location of your pubring.pgp,
secring.pgp, etc. I also recommend you turn Armor = on and
set ArmorLines =
0. Setting EncryptToSelf = on is also useful. As I mentioned
above, you can use my config.txt as an example for your own.
(4) You will naturally want to add the public keys of your
friends to your public key ring. So if someone sends you a
file that has a public key in it, you can easily add it to
your collection by pgp
- ka Path:keyfile
(4) To sign and encrypt a message to a friend, you simply pgp
-aes Path:Your_message ID_of_friend Remember, the entire
ID does not have to be used; only a distinguishing part of
(5) It is easy to decode the message your friend sends back pgp
Path:Friend_message Remember, your friend must have your
public key in order to encode a message that only you can
(6) Perhaps it is worthwhile to point out that while PGP
encrypts, decrypts, and signs messages, it has no e-mail
facility to send and receive them for you. For this, you will
need an Amiga e-mail program like VooDoo or AirMail and an
Internet connection. Having purchased and used both of these
shareware products, I can recommend them to you.
Zmime is another possibility. There are other Amiga e-mail programs available such as Amiga Elm and Amiga Pine, but I have not used them. You can find evaluation copies of these on Aminet (http: ftp.wustl.edu aminetbin find).
(7) Your friend will also need to be able to send and receive
e-mail. If either of you is not connected to the Internet,
you will still be able to use PGP provided you are willing to
exchange encrypted messages on floppy disks sent by snail
PGP and Healthcare This project came about as a possible solution to an actual problem facing the Radiology Department where I was working. In medicine, it is important not only to perform tests accurately, but also to get the results back as quickly as possible to the physician who requested the examinations. Because none of the current methods of reporting is entirely successful, it was suggested that results also be posted on the Internet for referring clinicians to read.
When the question of patient confidentiality was raised, I suggested that we use Pretty Good Privacy (PGP).
Encrypting patient information including medical images so that they can be sent via the Internet is, I believe, a very legitimate use of PGP and one whose use will only increase with time. As a physician, I have received telephone calls from people who claimed to be physicians requesting patient information who turned out to be either relatives of the patient or people "checking up" on the patient. PGP would clearly handle situations like these.
Just as important as data encryption is the signature that PGP allows the user to send. Because signing a message can only be done with a private key, a valid signature authenticates the signer as the only possible individual who could have created the message. Thus, barring such cloak-and-dagger stuff as stolen keys, false public keys with false signatures, etc., if you receive encrypted patient data containing my signature, you can be reasonably sure it came from me.
Because of PGP, and programs evolving from it, 1 foresee the day when all medical data will be stored on giant servers on the Internet. Health care providers will be able to access such data, with billing related to the number of megabytes of information downloaded in addition to a basic fee.
Such a system could be cost effective especially were it to reduce the number of hospital admissions and repeat studies that occur only because prior studies cannot be located. It could also lead to earlier and more effective treatment.
PGP and You I have no doubt that you, too, will find many legitimate uses for AmigaPGP.
Although we all start by sending messages to ourselves, it is far more fun to exchange encrypted messages with others. As with all computer applications, the more you use AmigaPGP the easier it gets and the more uses you will find for it. I think you will COMPUQUICK MEDIA CENTER 3758 Town & Country Rd Columbus OH 43213 TEL FAX: 614-235-1180 FOR AMIGA 4000Ts, A1200s Used Amigas. All Amiga software, peripherals, Repairs.
Circle 124 on Reader Service card.
Agree that obtaining the program is actually more difficult than learning how to use it.
Indeed, you may become so fascinated by the issues of privacy, encryption, etc., that you, too, will want to read more about these subjects. The International PGP Home Page (http: www.ifi.uio.no pgp ) is a great place to start. There are many links to follow and 1 can assure you that you will not be bored. You may even be inspired to visit your local library (remember them?)
And borrow a book on the role of encryption in World War II. You may also find some interesting reading on industrial espionage.
The Future As long as there are devoted and talented Amiga developers who are willing to write new programs for the Amiga and port over others, the future of the Amiga is bright. When I asked for help on the Internet with AmigaPGP, I was deluged with offers of assistance. Not only did I exchange messages with many users from around the world, but I also asked many questions, all of which were answered.
Never have I seen such a pulling together of individuals, none of whom knowing each other, but all dedicated to seeing the Amiga survive and its users be productive.
In this regard, it is lamentable that ViaCrypt has chosen, at present, not to support the Amiga. Many new programs are being developed including one, for example, that permits a computer to be used as a secure telephone. The Amiga needs to be part of this development, and with the help of the dedicated Amiga community, it will.
• AC* Jfnuzing wucA Kmp up with the Latest with AC!
' X CD Volume 11, Number 3; March 19% New Products & Other neat stuff, TelevEyes Plus from CeV Design, a new Amiga SX, a CDROM just for A1200 A4000 owners, a CD- ROM of commercial titles, all Kara Fonts on one CD ROM, plus a new Web site from MegageM.
PC-TASK, A software utility to run PC software on an Amiga. The Amiga OS is still superior in numerous ways but we are still required to deal with the MSDOS computing community, reviewed by Marc Hoffman.
ScapeMaker 4.0, Combine the power of Digital Elevation Models from Vista Pro with the abilities of other programs to create your own 3D virtual worlds, reviewed by Shamms Mortier.
On-Line, Putting Amosaic to work on the World Wide Web, learning protocols, searching the hot new web sites, hints and tips, and more in this month's column, by Rob Hays.
Creating Candle Flames with Imagemaster and Aladdin 4D, Imagemaster is a program that has a durable history of innovative image processing techniques.
Amiga in Business: Easy Ledgers, The debut of this new column features a review of an accounting package that would make any bean counter look twice.
North American Amiga Dealer List, Check the current list of Amiga specialists and dealers in this issue.
Personal Commentary: What Trees do they Plant? Shamms Mortier asks us to do more than use our computers make a difference.
Volume 11, Number 4; April 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, New Productivity Cds, Specialized Speech Utilities, A New Amiga Game Company, and more.
Amiga Atlanta Inc., Amiga Atlanta Inc. celebrated its 10th anniversary w'ith a celebrity banquet. Discover how this Amiga users group attracted attention from Amiga notables, television celebrities, and the Governor.
Creating Artwork with ImageFX, Alter your photographic images so they appear as if they were created by the hand of a master artist and not the camera, reviewed by Shamms Mortier.
Cinema 4D Object Sculpting Techniques, Explore object sculpting and creation options, how they work, and the unique objects that they can provide, reviewed by Shamms Mortier.
Web Typesetting Part 1: Introduction, Discover the tools available on other platforms and what you can do with your Amiga to begin creating Web pages on the Internet, by Randy Finch.
Termite 1.1, Has Oregon Research created the ultimate Amiga telecommunications program or have they just come close? By Rob Hays.
On-Line, Comparative shopping for the best on-line services with cautions, by Rob Hays.
Petro Tyschtschenko, ESCOM announces record losses. Amiga Technologies changes distribution structure. One man is in the center of all this activity to keep Amiga strong, spend and afternoon with AT's top exec.
Hot Amiga Web Sites, From Eric Shwartz's animations and graphics to web information guides, check out what other Amiga users are doing on the internet.
Volume 11, Number 5; May 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff. Nova Design acquires Aladdin 4D, SofTalk Programmer kit available, 'Professional' 3D glasses, and much more.
Dpaint Tiled Backdrops, Creating 3D space in a 2D environment. Among its specialized features, Dpaint has intuitive tools for creating perspective tiles. Learn how to utilize one of the hidden talents of the Amiga's well known paint program, by R. Shamms Mortier.
A Truly Brilliant Idea! TrueBrilliance's capacity to address and incorporate ANIMbrushes gives it another plus as a tool for the creation of digital artwork on the Amiga, by R. Shamms Mortier.
On-Line, Amiga multitasking advantages and three new Web programs: AmiTCP IP, Ibrowse, and Aweb. Learn how to maximize the best feature of the Amiga while you are working on-line, by Rob Hays.
This Old Workbench Episode One, Tired of a lackluster performance from your current Amiga WorkBench? Try the techniques and programs in Dave's new series, by Dave Matthews.
Web Typesetting Part 2: Basics, Creating a Home Page with your Amiga requires a little knowledge of the intricacies of HTML, by Randy Finch.
An Interview with QuikPak's David Ziembicki, Amiga Technologies has selected a new sales organization for the Amiga in North America. Meet the person chiefly responsible for marketing the Amiga as well as developing future Amiga markets on these shores in this AC Exclusive.
Web Warning! The same Home Page can yield decidedly different results. Start creating a Web page with the Amiga that everyone will be able to read.
mazing ijc. ¦ mLbi* DU 4t& Volume 11, Number 6; June 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, Amiga Internet Starter Package for Canada, Personal Paint for tine Internet, new Sample Wrench Sound Editor, five new CD's from GT1 GmbH, and more.
NAB '96, The National Association of Broadcasters held their annual event in Las Vegas, but the Amiga is slowly disappearing from the show floor, by Don Hicks.
Travel Through the Digital Universe, Learn about people, astronomy, spacecraft, astronomical terms, constellations and stars through this CAL (Computer Assisted Learning) program from SYZYGY Research and Technology, Ltd., by R. Shamms Mortier.
Dpaint Morphing, Although not as advanced or controllable as the high-priced morphing programs, Dpaint offers Amiga users unique and exciting alternatives in their morphs, by R. Shamms Mortier.
On-Line, Use client programs to bypass obstructions and ease your way on the Internet, as two shareware programs, Gui-FTP and WebMaker, are discussed, by Rob Hays.
This Old Workbench Episode Two, The Workbench as art: personalize your work area with backdrops, icons, and menus. In this episode is covered the GUI aspects of Workbench renovation, by Dave Matthews.
VIScorp Buys Amiga Technologies, VIScorp is purchasing Amiga Technologies and will be working with Amiga interests all over the world. Read what the executives of this Chicago firm have had to say so far to the Amiga community.
Web Typesetting Part 3: More Basics, Your home page is only a few keystrokes away with these HTML code samples in your documents, by Randy Finch.
jyazwg MiGA Volume 11, Number 7; July 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, GVP has a new home, Amicom. Introduces a new web installer, Blitz Basic is back, Paxtron has Amiga parts, Shamms Mortier introduces Grafx Tidbits, and more.
Non-linear Video on a Budget: V-Lab Motion & Movieshop 3.2, Can't afford the high priced video systems for non-linear editing? The answer may be tire V-Lab Motion and its new Movieshop 3.2 software, by John P. Jackman.
Fun with Lyapunovs, Create 3D environmental terrain models from the chaotic graphics of Lyapunov space. They are a class of fractal associated algorithms used to visualize a specific condition of fractal space, by R. Shamms Mortier.
Amazing Symmetry, Textured tiles are extremely easy to create and offer the digital artist a few very interesting opportunities.
This tool, embedded in Dpaint, will help in your obsession to find newer and unique textures, by R. Shamms Mortier.
On Line, Travel the internet with the newest Amiga browser, Voyager 1.0, and discover more excellent Amiga web sites, by Rob Hays.
JAZZ.BIT 96, Why is a major computer art competition held in Finland? An interview with Martin Keitel, the arts manager of JAZZ.BIT 96, interviewed by Marc R. Hoffman, Amiga Wars, There is a battle for the Amiga user raging on the internet between old and new Amiga firms and a few others. For a system many have tried to write off, the Amiga is attracting a lot of interest.
Web Typesetting Part 4: Publishing & Tables, How to get your beautiful Home Page on the Web for the world to see. Also, delve into one of the most popular additions to the HTML 3.0 standard known as tables which allow data on a Web page to be structured in a row and column format.
Volume 11, Number 8; August 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, VIScorp reaches Amiga Technologies agreement, Cronus distributes new Cds for Developers and more, Sony Electronics releases DKC-1D1 Digital Camera, World Construction Set Version 2, and more!
ImageFX 2.6, The Amiga's premiere graphics manipulation tool has just taken a quantum leap in abilities, reviewed by R. Shamms Mortier.
An Interview with the Nova Team, Amazing's Graphics reporter and admitted ImageFX and Aladdin 4D addict discussed Nova's current plans with the Nova team, by
R. Shamms Mortier.
Amiga Handshaking, The Amiga's IFF standard allows users to utilize the best of several different programs to create a unique image or animation, by R. Shamms Mortier.
On Line, There is a mountain of powerful software in the Aminet collection. Protection for your SCSI and IDE hard drives as well as a better CD-ROM OS utility which includes unique audio CD ROM capabilities are just a few, by Rob Hays.
POV Ray Tracer 3.0 Sneak Peak, Persistence Of Vision 3.0 is now in beta testing. Discover the new tools and features as well as learn where you can try it out for yourself, by Dave Matthews.
Amiga Wars Part 2, Amiga Technologies is sold to VIScorp as pios and phase5 continue to jockey each other for market and negotiating positions.
Olafson's Guide to Amiga Baseball, Tired of the nation's pastime passing you by? Peter has composed al list of some of Ami's times at the plate that you can find from dealers, Amiga swap meets, and maybe in your own library.
Web Typesetting Part 5: Forms, Creating forms on your web page is incredibly easy and the information gained can help you build a better page, by Randy Finch.
Volume 11, Number 9; September 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, New Amiga business software, a new Aminet collection, and the Amiga is seen working at the Olympics!
The Not At All Complete Graphics CD-ROM Compilation Digest, There is a world of possibilities in every graphic CD-ROM, by R. Shamms Mortier.
Cinema4D Animation Tutorial: Part 1, Although AC will stick to the basics, don't think that Cinema4D is capable of anything less than a professional application.
Cinema4D is capable of Keyframe, path, hierachial, inverse kinematic, and special FX (explosions, melts, and more), by R. Shamms Mortier.
On Line, Frustrated with your attempt to connect to the Web? Try a trip to Miami, by Rob Hays.
Web Typesetting, Part 6: Reading Form Data, Catching user information from your web site, by Randy Finch.
This Old Workbench, Part 3 Compression on the Amiga, Create needed space on your Amiga on-the-fly, by Dave Matthews.
Make Do With What You Got, In art or in life, it is not always how much you have, but what you do with it, by R. Shamms Mortier.
ESCOM Dies The Amiga Lives! Hear the behind the scene story from the two main characters, Petro Tyschtschenko of Amiga Technologies and Bill Buck of VIScorp.
Gold From 1990? What does this array of equipment from 1990 have to do with current events? The Amiga's influence is continually being felt.
Volume 11.10; October 1996 New Products & Other neat stuff, New Game collections, printing solutions, Amiga software repair, backup software, designer software, and more.
The Gothic Church: Part 1 A Tutorial in Aladdin 4D, Tired of the prominence of futuristic themes in 3D design, then take a look at this first part in a series of tutorials explaining the process of modeling in a 3D setting that evokes the past, by Charles F. Cavanaugh.
FinalWriter 5, Each release of FinalWriter has added new tools and techniques to its abundant reservoir of options, and release 5 is a very major upgrade that adds a whole list of enhancements, by R. Shamms Mortier.
On Line, Join Team Amiga, fix old games to play again on your upgraded Amiga, find old friends or classmates, and more, by Rob Hays.
This Old Workbench, Episode 4: Just when you thought it was safe! Our intrepid adventurer has discovered even more ways to improve (or at least confuse) your WorkBench screen, by Dave Matthews.
Web Typesetting, Part 7: Using Form Data, Getting your data from your web site. Plus, a look at several reader's sites from the web, by Randy Finch.
Amiga Convention '96 Montreal, Canada was home to the Amiga once again as Dealers and Developers met with hundreds of Amiga users.
ASIMware has released PhotoCD Manager for the Amiga, See what our resident artist has to say about this and other applications to help Amiga work with Mac & Win resources.
Volume 11 Number 11; November 1996 New Products & Other Neat Stuff, SoftLogik announces both PageStream 3.1 and 3.2, Amiga Fest '96 planned for Toronto, Checkbook Amiga, and more.
Cinema 4D: Tutorial 3 Basic Keyframe Editing, Shamms uses some of Cinema 4D's object design and texturing tools to begin a dedicated look at its animation options.
The Gothic Church: Part 2 A Tutorial in Aladdin 4D, In this installment, Mr. Cavanaugh shows the Amiga user how to produce stained glass windows to rival the masters.
Real Chaos and the Computer Artist, Musings on a Muse, In computer art, a pinch of chaos in the recipe is the spice of a creative and worthwhile adventure.
On Line, A quick comparison of some of the Web authoring tools available through shareware.
Web Typesetting, Part 8: Image Maps, Create images that, with a few dicks of a visitor's mouse, make your home page truly interactive.
PC2Amiga: Connect Your Amiga and PC, Finally a way to use those clunky old MS DOS machines. PC2Amiga allows you to mount your PC as an Amiga device.
1 With Amazing, the reader is always number 1.
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Good things do come in small packages.
By Robert K. Sharp The Midwest Amiga Exposition opened to a good crowd. Amiga fans flocked to this Saturday - Sunday Amiga show in Columbus Ohio (October 19-20).
Some attendees had traveled from as far away as Texas. The Amiga Central Ohio Network did a nice job organizing the event with lots of Amiga clubs represented and several dealers and Amiga companies in attendance.
Keynote: Kermit Woodall Mr. Kermit Woodall V.P. Nova Design gave a keynote address on Saturday expressing his views and opinions of the current Amiga situation.
He noted the Amiga public should understand that VIScorp is a publicly traded company, so it is responsible to it's stockholders and cannot start projects or make commitments that are not in the best interest of their stockholders.
Kermit explained we must wait for VIScorp to act because they do not have all the paper work done on acquiring the Amiga. VIScorp is working hard on it, but it is taking longer than they expected.
Kermit suggested that they would not spend all this time on it if they weren't serious. We should also understand that news from VIScorp will be slower than we are used to, because they are a public company. They must report things to their stockholders.
Kermit talked about where the Amiga needs improvements. The Amiga's last update of SAS C was with the introduction of the 040. The Amiga needs a good C compiler, an up to date one. Storm C may fill the bill for 060 support. He also stated that we need support for developers and better accelerators.
Kermit suggested another need is for better press coverage. Magazine companies, specifically in the U.K., need to follow up on press releases. Kermit praised Amazing but stated that other magazines are not completely forthright on the state of Kermit Woodall, Vice President of Nova Design, gave the keynote address on Saturday.
The Amiga. They tend to focus on the bad news, and don't cover the good things that are happening. For example, they have not covered in depth what VIScorp has done with the Emerson deal. That certainly should be of interest. "We need our products covered in the press. Reviews, press releases, coverage of all kinds needs improvement."
Kermit went on to say, "For those of you worrying about new products being brought out on the Mac PC market from Amiga companies, don't fret. A4000 computers are being produced by QuikPak in PA, and A1200's are now available in the
U. S. Draco has their machine, a non linear editor which runs
Amiga DOS. Eagle Computer in Germany is producing the 4000TE
as well. PIOS in the U.S. and Germany is working on a Power PC
with the ability to run Amiga DOS when it gets ported. Things
are looking much better than they have for some time."
Kermit suggested that companies trying to break into the PC market will find it very hard. It can take 1 4 million dollars to launch a mass market product in the PC market. More than one Amiga company going all PC has gone out of business. If you wonder how Escom went out of business, it was one of only four companies in Germany that went under that followed a similar business plan. That plan required a company to own its own retail outlets. As you know, Escom bought a large number of stores in England, just before they went under. The collapse of the PC business in Europe really hurt them as
well. The Amiga part did not drag them under.
Encouragingly, sales in the Amiga market are higher than ever for Nova.
Kermit said that New Tek's Tim Jennison mentioned they were doing very well in the Amiga market. QuikPak can't make machines fast enough. There are design inefficiencies in the PC for multitasking.
Amiga still has an advantage, even though the graphic chips aren't the latest, but they are made for Video, and that's one of its strengths.
What can we do? Kermit believes Amiga fans should do a couple of things.
Get a modem and software, and get on-line with 256 colors and get Amiga Report online. Amiga is a major force on the net.
Aminet is simply the largest collection of information for any platform. This can have a good influence on how others view the Amiga. Support the shows, dealers and vendors. Of course it goes without saying, buy ImageFX. Aladdin 4D will be out this winter.
The Show Floor Afterwards I visited the vendors and clubs. Patrick Green and John Well represented Gold City U.G. They were selling software and advertising their bbs, "South of the Border" at 502- 877-6490. It has a Supra Fax Modem 33.6 with 7 CD- Roms on-line and over 1 gig of hard drive space.
Silent Paw Productions was showing off their Paws 1200 final production prototype. Bill Bosari and Shawn Randolph, the President of Silent Paw Productions are shown holding the Paws 1200, a portable Amiga workstation. It is designed to allow Amiga users who posses an A1200 model computer to turn their desktop systems into a video laptop. This laptop kit is 95% pre-assembled. No soldering is required. It has the feel of a real laptop, and provides the ability to utilize battery power or 110 220V external power.
Shawn also had the Gecko Converter, an external video converter on display. It allows a user to utilize any standard VGA or SVGA monitor in most Amiga modes.
Modes supported include NTSC, PAL, DBL NTSC, DBL PAL, Productivity, and the Video Toaster.
They also displayed a PAWS 4000 Case Prototype, which allows users to transform their Amiga 4000 desktop systems into portable studios. The PAWS 4000 allows the use of any internal Amiga 4000 card to include New Tek's Video Toaster. I picked up a PAWSTRAC trackball. It is a palm sized, high precision From Top to Bottom Bill Bosari and Shawn Randolph, the President of Silent Paw Productions are shown holding the Paws 1200, a portable Amiga workstation Tim Pinnow & President Mike W Kramer of Neather Realm Software.
Amiga Tech User Group members (left to right) Ron Schwartz, Phil Longo, and renowned Amiga Artist, Eric Schwartz.
Pointing device. They had them on sale at the show, and this mini trackball is just what I need for my limited desk space.
Silent Paw Production, P.O. Box 1825, Manassas, VA 20108-1825 USA , 703-330- 7290 voice, net address is slntpaw@ix.netcom.com home page www.netcom.com ~slntpaw or CompuServe is GO SPAW.
Next I stopped by the North Coast Amiga U.G. table. Kyle, Danny, Dan and Diane Greathouse, plus Jeff Covelli were representing their club. They were showing off ham radio TV, Cable 60, 439.25 Mhz with an outside UHF antenna. It will send graphics of genlocked screens of Ham Radio on TV with the Amiga. They also had various Amiga titles and software for sale. Their bbs is 216- 954-9333. For information call Doug at 216-352-2192.
Compuquick Media Center, Columbus's own Amiga dealer & Kaam Consulting were sharing a table. Prett Jesrani, Randhir Jesrani the President, and his wife Sarla Jesrani were selling lots of items. They had a good variety of software and hardware items for the Amiga and were quite busy each time I walked by.
They are located at 3758 Town & Country' Rd., Columbus, OH 43213. You may reach them at 614-235-1180 or e-mail them at Comquick@infinet.com. Their home page is: http: www.infinet.com ~comquick. The Cleveland Area Amiga Users Group were selling copies of their "The Amiga Guru" newsletter. This is quite a nicely done club newsletter that is published quarterly. It is available for $ 1.50 each. It had twenty pages of reviews and information. Reviews included: Ami File Safe, Final Calc, Turbo Calc, and a look back at MaxiPlan. There was also a page of Amiga vendors and their e-mail addresses, bbs
terms you might like to know, with explanations and of course a membership form.
Mike Rozack was also previewing Shellsongs...Audible Shadows which is on public access in Cleveland every month. It is produced by Mike and Eric Muss-Bames.
You can write for information to Shellsongs Audible Shadows, P.O. Box 99954, Cleveland, OH 44199-9954. The Cleveland Area Amiga Users Group can be contacted by writing Carl Skala, Treasurer, 18813 Harlan Dr., Maple Hts, OH 44137-2239.
Their bbs is 214-642-7865. Mike, who is V.P. can be e-mailed at mrozack@infinet.com. Neather Realm Software (NRS), a Cleveland Amiga dealer, was present. They are located at 2930 8th St., Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221. Tim Pinnow and the President, Mike W. Kramer displayed NRS Publisher Fonts, volumes 1 and 2, International Flow Charter and NRS Developers Book for Blitz Basic. If you are interested in programming in Blitz Basic, this is a good book. They can be reached at 330-928-1738 or contact http: www.amigamall.com nrs. My wife, Diana Scharp, and I manned the Gateway Amiga Club's table. We
were selling bumper stickers and Amiga porcelain cups as we talked about the upcoming "Gateway Computer Show - Amiga 97", on March 15 & 16, in St. Louis.
The cups are porcelain four finger mugs.
That's a large mug with a large handle.
They have five colors with magic ink.
Magic ink, when heated, becomes invisible, allowing the colors underneath to show.
That's how the check mark changes from black to red, blue and yellow. The rim is 24 karat gold and is microwave safe. Like the saying says on the cup, "AMIGA, It's Magical". Cups are $ 13 each plus $ 5 shipping. You can order "I love (red heart) My Amiga" from the club by sending $ 2.00 and a self addressed stamped envelope to:
G. A.C., P.O. Box 811, Bridgeton, MO 63044, attention Bumper
Gateway Computer Show ticket prices are $ 10.00 per day, or $ 15.00 for two days, if you order in advance. Write the same address, but mark it to the attention of "Amiga 97". You may also contact the show's home page http: www.icon- stl.net ~jwwilson GAC show.htmi. Special pricing on airfares is available at 800-325-4942 and special hotel rates at the Harley Hotel where it is being hosted by calling 800-325-4942. Be certain to mention the Gateway Computer Show to get the special rate.
The Midwest Amiga Expo table had a multitude of things they were showing.
Several computers were running, demonstrating various aspects of the Amiga.
Prizes were handed out several times including an Amiga 1200, which was provided the East Tennessee Computer Club. The A1200 was won by Ron Black.
Congratulations, Ron.
In the center of the room, the Pittsburgh Commodore Group's table was manned by Richard A. Bilonick, their Program Director. He was selling used books, programs, monitors and various other items. 1 bought a copy of SAS C off of him and an Arexx book. Write PCG,
P. O. Box 16126, Pittsburgh, PA 15242, or call Rick at 831-4509.
Wonder Computers' Joshua Dinakaran and President Mark Habinski came down from Ontario, Canada. They sold a variety of software including Quarterback Tools Deluxe, Digital Quill, Quick Write and hardware such as the Wizard mouse as welt as the Apollo Accelerator boards for the 600,1200, 2000, 3000 and 4000.
Wonder Computers is having their own show, World of Amiga 96, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, December 13 -15 at the International Centre. You can contact Christine Vetzal at 905-665-9135 or Ken McDavitt at 613-721-1800 for more information and hotel accommodations. Or visit their web site at www.wonder.ca. For software and hardware you can call Wonder at 613-721-1993 or fax them at 613- 721-1994.
Kermit Woodall, V.P. of Nova Design, and Corinnn Cohn were busily showing off ImageFX version 2.6 at their booth. The 2.6 version adds several new features. It has Video Toaster Support, and supports the Flyer format. Image processing and special effects such as Gaussian Blur and Fire (burning candles, fireplaces etc.) professional wire removal tools and the multiple lightning bolt generator has been updated.
It also makes ripples and waves. A color balancing operator has been added as well.
Nova's table was always busy with people asking lots of questions. Kermit and Corinna handled the questions and demonstrated the ImageFX program with ease.
AmiTech Amiga User Group of Dayton, Ohio, shared a booth with Weingarten Galleries and E.S. Productions.
They had their tables loaded down with t- shirts, buttons, video tapes, software, and more. The dub's address is AmiTech Amiga User Group, P.O. Box 292684 Kettering, OH 45429-0684. The club's bbs, Living City, is 513-256-3655 or 3638. The club put out a very nice special edition newsletter for the Midwest Amiga Expo.
Ron Schwartz is also the sales representative of Weingarten Gallery at 625 Congress Park Dr., in Dayton, Ohio 45459.
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Eric Schwartz, of course, is the famous author of all the Eric Schwartz cartoons and animations. You can purchase video tapes of his works such as The Amy the Squirrel Video Spedal or The Nearly Complete Schwartz video, plus he has a variety of prints, CD-ROM's buttons and T- Shirts. For a free catalog, send a SASE to:
E. S. Productions, P.O. Box 292684, Kettering, Ohio, 45429-0684
U.S.A. Around the comer was the East Tennessee Computer Club.
Their address is 4709 Maplehill Rd. Knoxville, TN 37914.
You can reach them at 423-689-3414. Their bbs is 423-694-0791. What can I say but kudos. This club gave away the Amiga 1200 mentioned above for the purpose of collecting names to show support for the Amiga to VIScorp. Now that's an energized and ambitious group.
The EsCameo (Amiga Club) was also present. They were showing web pages, their bbs, and various Amigas running a variety of programs. Members present were: Jonathan Gapen, President, Rocky Wenz, Roy Bragg, Jason Hosier, Richard Pope, Pam Hosier and Jeremy Hosier.
Their web page is www.com ~innuendo amiga cameo and their bbs is the Dailey Planet at 608-845-3813.
Jason Compton of VIScorp On Sunday, Jason Compton, Communications Manager for the Amiga side of VIScorp, gave a talk. Jason brought with him an "Ed" to show off. This was an earlier model, and was not functional. It did give us a chance to look it over, however. Bill Buck, their C.E.O. is still in Germany taking care of business. NO, they don't have the Amiga as yet (Oct. 20), but they are working hard on it.
According to Jason, VIScorp wants to build present and future desktop systems.
They have not chosen a future chip yet. It seems that the chip companies don't want to talk until VIScorp owns the technology.
Development will start as soon as ownership arrives. VIScorp believes they can do existing technology better make it more attractive, better software, faster, etc. They will make it value added. Rise - Power PC - is not what it used to be, so that chip choice is not decided yet. Jason says he would like to see the Amiga become the number three platform of choice again.
Selectron has made about 35,000 Amiga 1200's and QuikPak is producing an A4000 with an 060, so machines are available.
I also ran into Joe Archibold and Greg Scott, President of National Amiga, a dealer down from Ontario, Canada. He came to see what was happening in Columbus. Greg would be happy to take any orders at 905-845-1949, or e-mail him at gscott@interlog.com. Round Table Also on Sunday there was a round table discussion with panelists Randhir Jesrani of Compuquick Media Center, Kermit Woodal of Nova Design, Mark B. R. Habinski of Wonder Computers, Jason Compton of VIScorp, Shawn Randolf of Silent Paw Production, Don Hicks of Amazing Computing and Eric Schwartz of
E. S. Productions. Mark stated that business has really picked up
in the last three months. Walt Disney has recommitted to the
Amiga, buying Amigas for all over.
Kermit said that with the cloning of Amigas, the future of the platform is no longer tied to the fortunes of just one company. Business is booming. NewTek is doing great too. And Nova is now selling bulk site licenses of their ImageFX.
Randhir said the Amiga needs to fill the need of the people. A young man was in his store who had been ready to sell his A1200 and buy a Pentium to web browse.
He asked him to wait three weeks for Termite TCP and Ibrowse. Tire customer did, and now he is very happy and only spent $ 100 instead of $ 1,500 or more. We must fill the needs of our customers.
The audience was encouraged to ask questions. Some of the questions from the audience were as follows.
Will there be AAA chipset? Jason said it is probably out of the question. It is expensive, power hungry, and does not have a lot of advantages.
What is the next step after AGA?
Jason said the problem is that we can't find out until VIScorp owns the Amiga. It could come off the shelf. It might be custom hardware. Then again, it might be a partnership with a chip company.
Will VIScorp make chips for the older machines? For example, the Ramsey chip is out of production and is needed. Jason said VIScorp would probably not make a few dozen chips, but a third party might if the demand were there.
Is the internet a good force? Kermit said, Yes. Clearly a communication medium and resource of force. Mark said it is important for sourcing products. You find people much easier. Important for sales, they're great. It is also a great way to find prices. It is an important tool for strategic planning. Much broader proof of information.
Jason said, It got me a job! He got involved with Amiga Report, now it's his and the result is a job with VIScorp. There are people out there on the web who will help you with Amiga problems and talk to you about them. Internet is good stuff.
Mark likes the accessibility of reaching people and their reaching us.
Don stated that like Santa Claus, no one says anything bad about it. The internet provides lots of access, a really good tool. We have a lot of work to do to keep the PC market from overtaking it.
What support will VIScorp give developers? Jason stated that no support is given yet, because they don't own the Amiga. He expects support using a server, with protected RPM. He knows on-line service will be a big help. CATS was very good and they will try and provide as good a service, but perhaps in a different way.
Winning back old developers is important.
It is harder than winning over a new person. As an aside, Jason said that the fake demo of Myst has peaked interest in the Amiga, and e-mails to the developer about it have really been what interested them in the Amiga.
What can VIScorp do to improve Video support, and provide genlocks?
They can make RGB materials, but can't make individual products. Owning the Amiga will help.
What about emulation on the Amiga of other platforms? Any fears of creating a problem similar to the C-128? Tire ability of the C-128 to run C-64 software prevented companies from coming out with improved software specifically for the C-128.
The reasoning was that since the C-64 market was so large, and the C-128 still small, let's wait until it grows. The lack of software using the enhanced capabilities of the C-128 prevented it from taking off as Commodore had hoped. Kermit said that the Amiga has a large software base now, as it is not a new computer, whereas the C- 128 was a new machine and had no software while the C-64 market was large.
It's a chance, but less so than the C-128 was.
What should the Amiga community do to support the Amiga? Jason and others said it's OK to be frustrated, but don't be mad about the situation. Don't put so much energy into what is wrong that you forget what is right. Consider buying a newer machine! Keep the enjoyment up and use the Amiga to its potential. Use it because it is fun, and find new applications for it.
More to Come Well, the show was fun, and certainly lent proof to the fact that the Amiga is alive and well in Columbus. Other shows coming up are: World of Amiga at the International Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, December 13-15 (call 905-665- 9135 or 613-721-1800 for information) and Gateway Computer Show - Amiga 97 at the Harley Hotel in St. Louis MO (Earth City) March 15-16 (Call 800-829-8608 for information).
• AC* Grass Roots Activists!
Support your local Amiga user group!
(continued from page 48) copying, and linking memory locations or images, and which can assume practically any outlines and not merely the rectangular forms vve know from classical blitters (block image transferrers).
At the same time a parallel DSP-R1SC type processing unit is also integrated into this functional unit. With a very compact set of commands this allows fully programmable image and signal processing and matrix operations. This means that FAME supports special multimedia and 3D applications which can make optimum use of this supportive processing capacity which is available parallel to that of the CPU.
Because it is a programmable DSP-RISC processing unit, however, FAME is not limited to today's standards. Its features are also available for future standards such as new 3D or video-compression algorithms.
Audio output via CAIPIRINHA physically occurs via 2 channels in 16-bit CD quality. Internally the number of virtual audio tracks is limited only by the memory space available. FAME is able to engineer real-time generation and mixing of various audio tracks in any random format (e.g. also 24-bit audio) without making demands on the processor.
It is also possible to generate various sound effects, a feature which is optimally supported by functions similar to DSP. In general digital samples, FM-synthesized sounds and envelope-VCO generated tones can be generated, modified, mixed and output via these freely programmable audio- DMA.
CAIPIRINHA offers a full range of additional controlling functions: an integrated Pcl-bus controller controls the PCI expansion bus which is available for low-cost standard expansions in the lower performance range or for I O applications with medium band width (e.g. Ultra- SCSI or ATM). A local 16-bit DMA bus is available for further I O applications, and an interesting and easy-to-implement interface is specially available for hardware manufacturers who do not want to work with standard PCI components.
Another important feature in future multimedia applications is the integrated IEEE 1394 firewire bus. A large number of electronic enhancements for computer and consumer can be connected via this highspeed serial bus.
System Design The A BOX system will be implemented as a personal workstation based on PowerPC processors 603e and 604e.
Theoretically these can be operated with clock frequencies of up to 500 Mhz. At present, with the first A BOX design, a maximum of two processors can be connected on the CAIPIRINHA processor bus; a corresponding expansion option for the second processor will be available in the A BOX design.
Eight slots will be available so memory can be expanded to a maximum capacity of 1 gig using inexpensive standard SDRAM modules with a width of 64 bits (168- pin JEDEC DIMMS). The slots can be expanded in pairs (due to the 128-bit mode).
There are two video outputs, one of w'hich has a maximum pixel rate of 220 Mhz and the second of which can be operated at 135 Mhz. In addition to this, the second video output can be synchronized externally and is thus suitable for compatible analog video applications.
There will be an integrated Fast SCSI-II controller with an external port and an integrated ISDN connection. Via standard video inputs two analog video inputs can be simultaneously digitalized in Y C quality and then processed in real time.
With the audio inputs and outputs also offered by CAIPIRINHA, it will be possible to synchronize with the video ports. These ports are available in the form of Cinch jacks for processing high-quality audio data.
Keyboard, mouse and other operating devices are connected via a serial desktop bus. There are external connections for the IEEE 1394 firewire port, the serial interface and the parallel interface.
Phase 5 believes A BOX offers itself as an ideal platform for unusual applications for third-party developers working both in the field of software and in the field of hardware.
Any I O expansions which may be required, such as ATM boards, Ultra SCSI or RAID controllers or others can be adapted via the PCI bus. Enhancements can be developed for the A BOX via both the PCI and the 16-bit DMA bus.
Amiga Operating System Software A large number of options will be available for the operating system software.
In general the A BOX project aims to implement an Amiga-OS-compatible operating system of a state-of-the-art technical standard and to provide it as a basic operating system for the AXBOX.
Modern functions such as multiprocessing support are to be transparently integrated. The basis for this development has been created by the Amiga-OS 3.1 compatible operating core currently being tested in the software labs of phase 5 digital products.
In the near future, phase 5 will work with software partners, for example on an updated GUI or other high-level components.
An important aspect of this development work will be efforts to make the operating system provide complete support for the possibilities offered by the hardware. They also plan to implement a NetBSD and a Linux version for the A BOX in cooperating with other partners.
The current concepts provide for a close integration of these OS adaptations into the basic operating system of the AXBOX so that parallel operation of the two operating systems and of software applications based on these operating systems will proceed transparently. AXBOX will also be open for other operating systems including the ones that are already suitable for the PowerPC. In the future phase 5 might use attractive standard operating systems by way of licence agreements and emulation.
Reprints Reprints TO ORDER CUSTOM REPRINTS OF ARTICLES IN: AmazingAmiga M Jt comptjting'CT CALL JILL HUGHES AT: (800) 259-0470 Reprints Reprints Open Concepts The technology used in the CAIPIRINHA custom chip is upgradeable on the silicon level. It will be possible to implement compatible systems enhancing the functions with wider memory or wider processor buses and to realize faster versions of this custom design with higher internal clock rates. It is conceivable that a downgraded 64-bit version will be implemented.
This means that systems of average capacity (e.g. 24-bit screen resolution with a maximum of 1280 x 1024 pixels) but which possess the full functional power of the concept above can be implemented at a price range considerably below DM 1500 or $ 1000 (US).
In order to implement such a low-price version of the CAIPIRINHA Custom Chip, phase 5 digital products will seek interested partners who offer large-scale manufacture and distribution of such a product. But phase 5 will also be open for OEM partnerships with regard to the mass-produced AXBOX mainboards or the CAIPIRINHA system controller.
Worldwide Availability AXBOX systems will be sold in a price range starting from DM 3,000 (USD 2,000 or GBP 1,300) net (in the 150 Mhz class with the basic features, i.e. a 16 M-byte memory, a hard disk in the 1 GB range and a CD-ROM disk drive) phase 5 digital products will be setting up an active international distribution system during the course of 1997. The expansion of phase 5 Internet activities in the fields of sales, support, product support and marketing will contribute towards distributing the system around the globe.
• AC* phase 5 digital products In der Au 27 61440 Oberursel,
Germany Tel: 49 6171 583787 Fax: 49 6171 583789 Email:
mail@phase5.de aproject@phase5.de Introduced on the Web 'A leap
forward towards realizing a vision.” phc»*$ On October 22,1996,
phase 5 digital products placed an announcement on their
website for the specifications of a new computer system, A BOX,
scheduled for
1997. Phase 5 stated that they are, "...realising (sic) a
trail-blazing visionary concept that explodes the barriers
of today's standards."
The following disclaimer was attached by phase 5, "All rights reserved. All specifications are preliminary and subject to change without notice. AMIGA is a registered trademark of tine respective owners. PowerPC is a registered trademark of the IBM Corporation." Under those circumstances, AC is providing the following information as edited from their announcement. AC maintains no accuracy of content or figures other than this information was carefully edited from the material presented by phase 5.
While the announcement did carry some very interesting information, it was also long on hyperbole. For example, phase 5 promised the A BOX will be an extremely powerful personal workstation which, "will appeal to all users who wish to work actively and creatively with the most modern technology and who have no desire to put up with the limitations imposed by mass hardware products that have fallen victim to a cost-cutting spree nor by the restraining software corsets of systems that are intended purely for passive consumers and users."
Promising enormous power and integrated functions, phase 5 stated, "the AXBOX project can claim to be implementing a computer design that is as innovative, as outstanding and as exceptionally cool as the Amiga 1000 was 12 years ago - a computer design that all Amiga enthusiasts can welcome as the reincarnation of their favorite computer system on a state- of-the-art technical level.
The Hardware of the A BOX phase 5 digital products believes that "a new innovative computer must also offer innovative hardware to match in order to stand out among the current PC designs and overcome the limitations they impose."
Phase 5 will maintain "standards that are useful and meaningful for the user of the system (such as a PCI bus for simple expansions, the use of standardized RAM modules, standard interfaces etc.)." The central component of the AXBOX is a Custom Chip (still under development at phase 5 digital) which will be responsible for many important functions in the system including complete memory administration and processor linkup, all DMA-like functions including video and audio DMA, blitter-type functions, I O and control functions. The heart of the AXBOX is the system controller, CA1PIR1NHA.
CA1PIRINHA is a VLSI Custom Chip design in 0.35 um CMOS ASIC technology using a modern, probably 575- pole BGA housing. "With a bus width of 128 bits to the memory' bus, extensive dual-port buffers and FIFO's in the data lines, and clock rates of initially 100 Mhz externally and 200 Mhz internally, CAIP1R1NHA can provide an intense data throughput and powerful additional functions which do not rely on the processor, such as support for 3D and multimedia applications."
• 128-bit high performance UMA (Unified Memory Architecture)
controller, using fast SDRAMs with a clock frequency of 100 Mhz
and a maximum band width of up to
1. 6 G-bytes second
• 64-bit processor bus with a maximum clock rate of 100 Mhz
• two 24-bit video DMA units with freely addressable access, with
integrated 24-bit video DAC's
• four 16-bit audio outputs, 44.1 Khz with any number of virtual
tracks, sample output, FM and AM synthesis
• video-in ports for 2 independent video inputs in Y UV 4:2:2
• audio inputs in 16-bit stereo CD quality
• LCD (TFT) controller according to the VESA standard
• a PCI-bus interface for medium-perfor- mance I O applications
• a local 16-bit DMA bus with 66.7 Mhz and a maximum band width
of 132 M-bytes second for universal low-cost applications
• an integrated IEEE 1394 firewire controller for digital I O
• a desktop bus interface.
CAIPIRINHA Theory CAIPIRINHA is designed as a complex system and memory controller Ln the form of a SOMA Engine (Sole Memory Access). At the same time CAIPIRINHA manages all access to the AXBOX memory which takes the form of a highly powerful Unified Memory Architecture (UMA). All external memory access, including that of the processor, only occurs virtually and is administered and implemented by CAIPIRINHA. Unified Memory Architecture means that the entire system memory is made available as a unified memory which stores all types of data, such as programs and their data, display data,
3D-textures or Z-buffer data, audio data, incoming flows of video data, etc. and which can be addressed by all functional units in the system.
For the user, UMA means that the entire memory in the system is available for all applications at all times. When the memory is expanded with inexpensive SDRAM modules, the additional memory capacity is then always available for all applications and functions in the system.
Unlike the Amiga Chip RAM, the memory subsystem of the AXBOX will be 128 bits databus wide and, by use of synchronous DRAM's will have a speed of 100 Mhz which will allow a band width of 1.6 G-bytes second. A special method of controlling the SDRAM modules also considerably reduces latency times when accessing the memory.
Due to the integration of the video DMA into CAIPIRINHA the UMA memory can simultaneously be used as a display memory.
CAIPIRINHA provides two video DMA engines: one 220 Mhz high- performance video output for resolutions of up to 1600 x 1280 pixels with 24 bits and a refresh frequency of 75 Hz and a Genlock-capable 135 Mhz video output for a second monitor or image output in video resolutions such as PAL NTSC or S-VHS. The video output of the 135-MHz output can be superimposed as a window on the 220 Mhz display while both video DMA's are in parallel operation.
Unlike conventional raster scan displays, CalPIRlNHA's video DMA engines function on the basis of a random memory access (Random Access Display), which makes it possible to display any data in visual form at any random screen positions. With this method, windows, as hardware windows for example, can be superimposed and moved around anywhere with their full content, without any delay or jerkiness, even with moving animation or video sequences.
Special pipelines and FIFO buffers within CAIPIRINHA's video DMA ensure a stable data throughput. The complex display possibilities are controlled by an integrated display-list RISC processor (DLRP). As the video DMA engines always have an output in 24-bit display mode, it is possible to mix any depth of shade at will, ln this way on a memory-saving background with a color depth of 8 bits it is possible to display 16-bit and 24-bit windows m any position.
CAIPIRINHA will open and display virtual screens of any size and make use of the entire RAM. For example an image-processing application can open a virtual screen of 4000 x 4000 pixels in 24 bits in a system expanded to 72 M-bytes and scroll it in a display that can be represented on the monitor in 1280 x 1024 pixels without delay or jerkiness. Windows need no longer be merely rectangular, but they can assume practically any outlines. Last, but not least, video data in the RAM which are intended for output can be stored in various formats such as RGB, YUV or CMYK and displayed
CAIPIRINHA will have a highly complex functional unit, FAME (Flexible Area Movement Engine), for rapidly writing into, (continued on page 47) Save Over 50%* and receive the best Amiga Coverage
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P. O. Box 2140 Fall River, MA 02722-2140 ralron AMIGA REPLACEMENT
CHIPS AND SYSTEM UPGRADES PavlJiin Paxtron is North America’s
largest wholesale supplier of Amiga replacement and upgrade
1. 3 ROM O S
.$ 12.50
2. 04 ROM O S .....S24.50
2. 05 ROM (V37.350) (A500 & A2000) ...$ 19.95
2. 04 ROM A3O00 (Set of 2 Rom 0 1) ..$ 34,50
2. 1 Workbench (or floppy users (complete O S without support
(ile) $ 7 95
3. 1 ROM (A500 A2000) .$ 49.95
3. 1 ROM (A3000 A4000) ...$ 62.50
3. 1 ROM (A 1200} $ 62.50
3. 1 ROM(s) Software Manual S 124.00 S 137.50 ROM
Switch Switch-Itt with speaker $ 17.50
3. 1 manual
only ......$ 69 95
3. 1
Software .....$ 10
00 3 1 Workbench (or floppy users (compiele O S without
support (ile) ......$ 7 95 A2091 7.0
ROM Upgrade ...$ 22 95 A2620 30 7.0 ROM
Upgrade ....$ 22.95 0520
CIA ...Si 1.95
0372A 8375 Agnus with diagnostic dusk guide .. S29.95 S375-B
(2MB) (A3000) 318069-03 ...$ 25.50 0375-10
Agnus (318069-10) PAL .$ 17.95 0375-10 Agnus
(318069-10) 2 meg PAL ....$ 17.95 Agnus PLCC chip
puller .S 10.50 Paula (8364)
A500 A2000 ...$ 10 95 Dnmse (6362) A500 A2000
$ 10 95 Super Denise 0373 w diagno.st:c rusk ......$ 19.95 Gary
5719 A500'A2000 $ 10 95 Buster 5721 (A2000) .$ 16 95 680G0-8MHZ
CPU (DiP).... $ 1150 88000-16MH2 CPU (DIP) $ 22 50 68030-RC50
PGA .....$ 04 50 68882-25 PGA . $ 24.95
Western Digital SCSI chip 8A .. $ 27.50 Video
Hyhnd - (A500 390229-03) . $ 9 95 GVP Upgrade Chip Series II
.$ 34.95 6570-01 (71) (315107-01) Keybcard IC . $ 14 95
SURFACE MOUNTED DEVICES (For A1200, A3000, A40O0. CD32) 8520
PLCC (391070-02) .$ 19.50 Amber
(390538-03)..... $ 24 50 DMAC 4
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$ 24 50 Ramsey (rev.4) 390544 04 ...$ t 9 95
Ramsey rev. 7) 390541-07 $ 36 50 Alice 8374 (391010-01) $ 25.50
Gal (XU9) (390123-01))......$ 2195 Gayle (315107-02) ....
. $ 19 95 Budgie (391425-01) ..... $ 33.95
Super Denise (391554-01)......$ 29 95 6571 Keyboard Chip
(391079-01) .....$ 14.95 6570-036 Keyboard
Chip (328191 -02) .$ 14.95 Paula 8364 (391077-01)
$ 27 95 Gary (390540-02) .....$ 32 95
Super Buster Rev. 11 (390539-11) .$ 34.50
Bndgeite (391300-01) ..$ 29 50 Video DAC (391422
01) . ..$ 19 95 68000CPU (390084-07).....$ 13.95 68020-16
(391506 01) .S'8 95 MC S8882RC25A PGA New (390434-01)
......$ 19.95 MC 68882RC20A PGA ...... $ 30.00 MC
88882RC33A PGA ...... $ 37.50 XC 88802RC40A PGA
.....$ 69 95 MC 68030FE25B OFP (390399-05) .
$ 1995 MC 68030RC50 PGA .$ 79.95 MOTHERBOARDS (Factory
New) CD32 (no RAM memory) NTSC .S09.95 CD32
complete with RAM tested NTSC ....$ 109.95 CD32 complete
with RAM tested (PAL) ......$ 89.95 CD32 replacement CD
mechanism $ 39.95 A500 (rev. 3) inc all chips
(see below) $ 49.50 A500 (Rev. 5 6) with Super
Denise ..$ 09.50
A600 .$ 99.95
A12Q0 (NTSC) Limited quantity 3.0 O S all memory New $ 289.95
A1200 (PAL) Limited quantity 3.0 0 S all memory New.. ,$ 279,95
A2000 LATE Rev. 8372 2.05 ...$ 399.95
(16MHz) .$ 299.95
A3000 (25MHz) ..$ 359.95 A3000T
(Tower) 25MHz .$ 389.95 A4000
(limited quantity) .. CALL C64 (refurbished, tested all
chips) ...$ 29.95 C64 untested, an chips clearance
.2 325.00 C65 tc. A'i chips, latest ROM (PAL only) $ 69 95 C128
$ 49 95 C128D .... S69 95 ’541 II Si 7 95 1541
Alps (15000401) .. $ 1795 1571 Newtroncs
(310420-01) $ 1795 AMIGA FLOPPY DRIVES (Factory New) High Dens.
External floppy lor all Amigas ..$ 1 (4.95 A570 CD ROM
drive (for A500) ..$ 99.00 High Density
Internal Floppy Drive: A3000 A4000
(specify) $ 104.95
A2000 ......$ 109.50
A500 internal
880k ..$ 38.95
A600 1200
Infernal ..$ 47.50
A600 1200 new Amiga Tech. Special release button,$ t ,95 A2000
In-omal 880k . . . . .$ 39.95 A3000 iniornai 000k .
......$ 49.95 A4000 internal 680k . . ..$ 49 95 CD32 Replacement
CD mechanism $ 39 95 GVP SCSI Controller 4008 OK . . $ 119 00
(refurbished) .$ 39.95
1571 (limited
quantity) .....$ 49.95 POWER
SUPPLIES (Factory New)
A5Q0 .....$ 38.95
A500 A600 A1200 Big Ft. (200 Watt) Micro R D......$ 79.95 A500
power supply (used) 220 votls ..$ 19,95
A590 ......$ 19.95
A1200 1 10 volts ongmai factory $ 30 95 CD32
Original Faclory (110 volts) ....$ 21.95 CD32
Original' Factory (220 volts) ...$ 14 95 CD32 Big Fool
(200 Wan) Micro R D .....$ 74.50 A2000 110 220V internal
original ..$ 89.95 A2000 Big Foot (300 Wan) Micro R D .
. $ 144 50 A3000 internal (110 220 volts) . $ 110 00 A3000
Big Foot (250 wans) Micro R D $ 144.50 A3000
Tower ... $ 124 00 A4000 mternal (110
vOltS) $ 11900 A4000 int. 30C Walt Big Foot
(exchange) . . .$ 169.95 1084S Phillips Flyback Transformer
only .....$ 34.95 1084-D1 Phillips Daewoo Flyback
only .$ 34.50 1084-D2 Daewoo Flyback Transformer
only $ 34.50 1084S new
Motherboard Flyback see below 1084S power
supply board (refurbished) .....$ 29.95 C64
nonrepairable ....$ 14-95
repairable ...$ 19.95
G64 5,2 amp Heavy Duty (also 1750 REU) $ 39.95 C65 220
Volts .
. $ 12.50 ...$ 2i 95 . $ 24 95 ..$ 39.95 $ 7.50 C65 110 Volt .... C128D internal.. Cl28 external 52 amps .
154111 1501.
KEYBOARDS (Factory New) C64 ... $ 17.95 CbS (Special Keyboard) . ...$ 19 95 A50O (limited quantity) $ 39 95 A600 $ 26.50 C128D (limited quantity).. $ 24 95 A1200 ......$ 34.95 A2000 US version .... $ 74.50 A3000 US version ....$ 74 50 A4000 US version .... $ 74 50 Amiga compatible’IBM keyboards*.. . See below A2000 keyboard adaptor 10 A4000 $ 8 95 A4000 keyboard adaptor to APOOO . . . . $ 0.95 6570-01 (71) (316107-01) Keyboard iC $ 14.95 ADD ON BOARDS (Factory New) 68020-030
(A4Q00) ......$ 67.95 A366 (20MHz) Bridgeboard SW Instr $ 259.95 A2Q88XT AT Bridgeboard Kit drive, manuals (A2000) .....$ 29.50 A2O50 (0K) (A2000) Expansion board 0K ....$ 69 J5 A501 original Ram Exp. - 512K (A500) $ 17.95 ICD Trrfecta 500 EC: IDE hard drive 16 bit controller, up lo 8 megs ol last RAM. Space for hard drive $ 159,95 ICD Ad Ram 540 (0K) up to 4MB .$ 69.50 ICD Ad RAM 540 (A500) w 4 Megs ...$ 199 95 ICD Ad RAM 5104 1MB lor A5O0+ .....$ 59.95 ICD Ad
SCSI 2000 ......$ 89 50 ICD AdSCSl 2060 (A2000) ... $ 79 95 ICD Ad Speed ......$ 99.95 ICD Ricker Free Video .. $ 248.95 Microway Flickerfixer ..... . . $ 224 00 Slingshot Pro pass Ihru (Micro R D) ...$ 37 50 A1050 RAM Expander (A1000) 256K ...$ 10.95 MOUSE CONTROLLERS (Factory New) Amiga 1352 .$ 22.50 Wizard 3-button (lor all Amigas) $ 22.95 A4000 ....$ 26.85 Amiga
CDTV ......$ 15.95 Amiga A1200 mouse port replacement kit $ 7.95 CD32 controller ..$ 11.75 DIAGNOSTICS A500 A2000 Emergency Start-up Kit $ 89.95 Amiga Techtopics (entire library) ......$ 99.00 Advanced Amiga Analyzer (see below) $ 59-95 Rnai Test diagnostic disk by Amiga ....$ 7.95 Amiga Troubleshooting Guide ......$ 7.95 Commodore Diagnostician II $ 6.95 C64 128 Dead Test cartridge manual
$ 19.95 Service Manuals ...SEE BELOW CLEARANCE SALE CD32 Network: CD ROM cable ..$ 53.75 A570 CD ROM drive (for A500) .$ 99,00 A520 (New) Video Modulator Adapter kit cables insf ructions .$ 12.50
2. 04 3.1 Rom Switch - (Sw'rich itt) with speaker.,.,! 17.50
256X4 RAM for A2O50 expander, etc .$ 4.50
Monitor Cables - 30 Different types ....CALL
C64 untested motherboard all chips ....2 for 525.00 C128
unlested motherboards all chips .$ 19.95 Monitors:
1O04S, 1950, 1802, etc ......SEE BELOW CDTV
modulator ... $ 2,95 CDTV unit (No
Cabinet) .... $ 89.00 Laser printer
memory board 0K (All HP units) .,.$ 24.95 Sony OD6150 data
cartridge $ 7.50 A12O0
top bottom case ...,...$ 19.50
Joystick - Captain Grant (for ail Amigas) $ 2.99 ?
ADVANCED AMIGA ANALYZER 2.0™ An Inexpensive Diagnostic Analyzer That Works On All Amigas A complete diagnostic hardware and software analyzer (uses point and click software interface.) The analyzer cable plugs inta all Amiga ports simultaneously and through sophisticated software, displays 8 screens ta wark from. Shows status of data ports, memory (buffer) checker, system configuration and auto test. Reods diognosfic status of any read write errors from track 0 ta track 79. Software automatically tells what errors are found and the chips components responsible. 85 to 90% of the problems
presented to service centers are found with this analyzer. Saves yau lots of maney an repairs and no end user or repair shop can afford ta be without one. Dan't be fooled by its low cast. Simply plug in cables fram the analyzer bax. This diagnostic tool is used by end users and Amiga repair centers worldwide and is the anly ane af its kind. Over 15,000 said. £9 New low price Just Released from Amiga Technologies Amiga "Q-Drive" 1241 CD ROM Drive for the A1200 The Amiga Technologies "Q-Drive" 1241 is a PCMCIA interface for the Amiga 1200 (CD32 emulator). It is a super fast CD-ROM drive equipped
with a PCMCIA connector.
Plug in your Amiga A1 200 and discover the world of -D-ROM.
The 1241 operates at quad speed with data transfer rates up to 600 KB per second guarantee optimal access times. The system supports multi-session and multi-tasking mode. It is able to manage several jobs at a time and is easy to operate.
View your favourite photos on your PC screen: the Amiga Q-Drive 1241 is Kodak PhotoCD compatible. Enjoy audio Cds in hi-fi quality or mix the music with sound generated by your Amiga, Features: • Open Architecture; PCMCIA Interface • Compatible with ISO9660, Amiga Quad Speed: Data transfer rates up to 600KB& • Supports multi-session and multi-tasking • Reads audio Cds and Kodak PhotoCDs • Mixes audio CD sound and sound from the Amiga stereo audio port Runs most CD32 games and programs. Price: $ 179.95 [Quantity pricing available) A500 COMPUTER with power supply and latest chips (eg: 8372
Agnus, 2.04 O S). Indudes yourchoice of the following softwareibooks: Starter Kit, Discover Kit (inc. Kind Words, Deluxe Paint II) or Deluxe Kit.
Also includes free Amiga Troubleshooting Guide ($ 7.95 value), 90 day warranty, tested & ready lo go.
Fantastic price .. $ 119.95 Options: A501 1 2 meg expansion memory board installed add $ 10.00. • With 3.1 O S ROM add $ 48.50. • PAL unit with 220V power supply add $ 29.00 • A501 original CBM 512KB Memory Expansion Card wilh clock, caiendar battery lor A500.
In original box instructions and warranly. .. $ 17.50 A520 Video Modulator Adapter Kit with cables and instructions (NTSC). Run any Amiga on your television ....$ 12.50 AMIGA COMPATIBLE KEYBOARDS - (Just released from Germany.) KB100 is a sophisticated in-line adapter box lor use with IBM keyboards. Use the KB 100 on your A500 A2000 A3000 A4000.
(A600 A1200 require soldering.) .. S49.95 Compiele service manuals. Some manuals may be photocopied. 5 day delivery on some manuals.
A500, A50O+, 590. A1000, 1230 printer, 1802,1902, 1 902A, 1934.2002,2091,2300, 2630, CDTV,
C65 ....$ 19.95
A500 schematics. A600. 1084S, 1Q84S-D1, 10&4ST, 1936A,
1960, A2000 ....S24.00 A1200,
A3000, A300QT, A4000,
CD32 $ 39.95
- This new board wifi cure 90 percent ol 1084S monitor
problems. Simply switch the motherboard and your monitor
problems are solved' This motherboard with the flyback
factory mounted is the exact replacement and works with
1084S models only. It's easy to
install ..$ 69.95
AMIGA MONITORS - We have a large supply of refurbished
1084(S). 1902, 1930, 1802, 1702 monitors, etc. For example,
the 1084(S) is $ 169.95 with cable. 90 day
warranly .....CALL
• A1200 MOTHER80ARD - Paxtron has purchased a limited supply ol
new A1200 motherboards, both NTSC and PAL. They come with 3.0
O S. Ail chips, 30 day warranty. Specify NTSC or PAL. Very
limited quanlily, very rare
find ....
$ 289.95 (Oplional - 3,1 O S and diskettes, installed add
$ 56.95.)
• SUPERGEN (Internal Genlock) lor A2000 - By Progressive image
Tech Digital Creations. Most flexible Genlock and video overlay
device for ail Amigas. Supergen provides a flexible broadcast
quality Genlock at a very, very affordable price. Comes with
external control box and cable.
Includes a 90 day warranly instruction book. This is a lactory refirb unit selling for a fantastic low price of ... S179.95 (internal Supergen sold initially for $ 650,)
• A2000 MOTHERBOARD: Newly manufacturer, latest revision with
2,04 ROM, 1 meg Agnus, 16 Mhz CPU, 90 day
warranty .S399.95
We are taking LOTS of orders for Ihese boards. To assure yours,
get your order in quickly!
WE’RE ON THE WEB www.paxtron.com Our web page is continually updated with latest products and price changes. Visit us and check it out. Enter your order there or by E-mailing us at paxtroncorp® rcknet.com. „ Pnces are in US Dollars ATTENTION DEALERS: If you would like to receive our dealer catalog fax us your letterhead.
28 Grove Street, Spring Valley, NY 10977 914-578-6522 • 800-815-3241 800-595-5534 • 888 PAXTRON • FAX 914-578-6550 Paxtron CORPORATION Hours: 9-5 pm ET Mon.-Fri. • Add S6.00 UPS Charges • MC VISA • Prices subject to change E-Mail for orders & correspondence: paxtroncorp@rcknet.com WE SHIP WORLDWIDE!
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