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Brought to you by the makers of Amiga Format, the world's best-selling Amiga magazine. AMIGA FORMAT Hello and welcome to this, the second of the Amiga Format Special Editions, aka The Annual '93. Yes, an annual - a chance for us all to sit back, take stock and see how our favourite computer is faring. It's an opportunity for our Amiga experts to give you their honest opinions on what you can look forward to in the coming year, and for all you hardcore Amiga devotees to get a perspective on where the Amiga is at and where it's going. Well, what a year it's been. The A500 killed off, but still a big favourite among users, and two shiny new Amigas turning up - the budget A600 and the ultra-tasty high-end A4000. We've seen numerous developers launching some amazing new hard and software, much of it taking the Amiga's computing capabilities further than ever before. Of course, it should have been a tale of failing fortunes for the beleaguered Amiga. What with the recession, the proliferation of low-cost PC-based games packs and the explosion in popularity of Sega and Nintendo video game consoles, the games scene is even more pressurised than ever. Only recently, Amiga manufacturer Commodore announced a powerful 386-based PC games bundle for £699 plus VAT - when you consider that the price includes a S-VGA monitor and a 40Mb hard drive, it begins to look like a serious competitor to the Amiga. On the productivity side there's pressure also.

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Document sans nom FROM THE MAKERS OF THE WORLD’S BEST-SELLING AMIGA MAGAZINE SPECIAL ISSUE 2 ¦ £3.95 Discover what's in store for the Amiga in 1993 We name the top Amiga products of '92 Get your answers from the experts in a gigantic problem-busting blowout
• Readers’ poll results - you decide the best hard and software
• Explore the world - we examine the global Amiga scene uiure :
PUBLISHING
• Enter the Hall of Fame - discover the all-time essential buys
• Take a sneaky peek behind the scenes at Amiga Format - see how
Britain’s biggest computer magazine is put together Inspired by
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IMS® 1990 Maxis and Will Wright.
All rights reserved.
AVAILABLE FOR: Macintosh, IBM PC, Windows and Amiga.
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"Challenge your friends (and enemies) through network support for up to four machines.
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AMIGA FORMATSPEC1AL Karl Foster Damien Noonan (three cheers for) Sue White Marcus Dyson Sally Meddings Gary Lord Richard Jones Alex Soboslay Julie Tolley Clare Hodgson Bernice Carey Linda Smith Editor Consultant editor Art editor Art direction Additional layout Production Editor Sub-editors Editorial assistance Contributors Stuart Dinsey, Jason Holborn, Neil Jackson, Andrew Nuttall. Mark Ramshaw, Mark Smiddy, Tim Smith, Andy Storer, Trenton Webb, Gary Whiteley Jeremy Pyke Jonathan Bint Duncan Ferguson Cheryl Beesley Louise Woods Robert Anderson Tracy O'Donnell Michele Harris Tamara Ward Sue
Hartley Kate Elston Julie Stuckes Greg Ingham Illustration Group ad manager Advertising manager Games sales manager Senior sales executives Ad production Promotions manager Promotions assistant Circulation manager Circulation assistant Assistant publisher Publisher Production technicians Simon Windsor, Chris Stocker, Simon Chittenden, Jon Moore, Andy Parker, Graham Sandiford, Mark Gover Colour reprographics Phoenix Printed in the UK by Chase Webb Ltd, St Ives PLC, Plymouth Newstrade distribution UK Future Publishing 0225 442244 Newstrade distribution overseas MMC Ltd 0483 21 1222 Brought to
you by the makers of Amiga Format, the world's best-selling Amiga magazine.
AMIGA FORMAT Hello and welcome to this, the second of the Amiga Format Special Editions, aka The Annual '93. Yes, an annual - a chance for us all to sit back, take stock and see how our favourite computer is faring. It's an opportunity for our Amiga experts to give you their honest opinions on what you can look forward to in the coming year, and for all you hardcore Amiga devotees to get a perspective on where the Amiga is at and where it's going.
Well, what a year it's been. The A500 killed off, but still a big favourite among users, and two shiny new Amigas turning up - the budget A600 and the ultra-tasty high-end A4000. We've seen numerous developers launching some amazing new hard and software, much of it taking the Amiga's computing capabilities further than ever before.
Of course, it should have been a tale of failing fortunes for the beleaguered Amiga. What with the recession, the proliferation of low-cost PC-based games packs and the explosion in popularity of Sega and Nintendo video game consoles, the games scene is even more pressurised than ever. Only recently, Amiga manufacturer Commodore announced a powerful 386-based PC games bundle for £699 plus VAT - when you consider that the price includes a S-VGA monitor and a 40Mb hard drive, it begins to look like a serious competitor to the Amiga. On the productivity side there's pressure also.
Pcs have shot down in price to the point where you can pick up a seriously specified 486-based machine for under the £1,000 mark, while Apple Computer has got its entry-level machines into high-street shops. Even Atari is kicking back with its successor to the STE, the 32-bit Falcon.
And yet the Amiga is still at the top of the heap and still selling big numbers. Just look at Amiga Format's circulation for an indication of how keen all us Amiga owners are. The number of copies bought monthly has leapt from 1 15,1 58 in the first half of 1991 to a staggering 161,256 in the first half of this year, putting it within a whisker of becoming one of the top 50 highest circulating magazines in the country. For a specialist computer publication, that's a quite amazing performance and reflects just how popular the Amiga really is and just how devoted its owners are.
So let's dive in and re-live the high spots of the year as seen by the team of Amiga fans that brings you Amiga Format every month. Let's take a look at some of the software and hardware that's really impressed us, and consult the experts on where we and our machines have been and where we're headed in the not-too-distant future.
We've had a great time putting this Annual together - as far as I'm aware, this is the first time any monthly computer magazine has actually come up with such a publication - and I hope you have as much deep joy reading it as we had researching and writing it.
Editorial and advertising Amiga Format 30 Monmouth Street, Karl Foster Editor Bath, Avon BA1 2BW Telephone 0225 442244 Facsimile 0225 446019 Your guarantee of value Subscriptions, back issues and mail order Future Publishing, Somerton, Somerset TA11 6TB Telephone 0458 74011 Facsimile 0458 74378 © Future Publishing 1992 _ No part of this publication may be I reproduced or transmitted in any form without the permission of the pub- | | |l| 1lisher. While every effort has been I V I I made to ensure the accuracy of infor- I PUBLISHING mation in this guide, the publisher Your guarantee of value
accepts no liability for loss or damage arising from mistakes or misprints.
This magazine comes from Future Publishing, a company founded just seven years ago but which is now selling more computer magazines than any other publisher in Britain. We. Offer: Greater relevance. At Future, ail our editors operate under two golden rules:
• Understand your readers' needs.
• Satisfy them.
More reader interaction. We draw on readers’ contributions, resulting in die liveliest letters pages and the best reader tips. Buying one of our magazines is like joining a nationwide user group.
Better value for money.
More pages, bigger pages, better quality - it all adds up to magazines you can trust.
So buy them.
Better advice. Our titles are packed with tips, tips, suggestions and explanatory features, written by die very best in die business.
Stronger reviews. We have a cast-iron policy of editorial independence and our reviews give clear buying recommendations.
Clearer design. You need solid information fast. So our designers highlight key elements by using charts, diagrams, summary boxes, annotated photographs, and so on... Contents That was the year that was... "(St 'o, Re-visit the big stories of 1992 and see what the future has in store News of the year_p7 Interview: Kelly Sumner, PCMCIA_p26 Commodore UK_p21 The Amiga in 1995_p28 Is CD the future?_p34 News quiz_p37 Opinion: CD_p41 The world of Amiga- Read our account of the global Amiga market, and look behind the scenes of the world's biggest Amiga magazine Amiga America _p44 Amiga Europe p52
All around the world_p58 Behind the scenes at Amiga Format_p61 Opinion: Amiga Format in '93_p71 Games galore Explore the vibrant and exciting Amiga games arena - find out what's hot, what's not and what's next Games of the year p72 Anatomy of a game_p80 Game gadgets p86 Opinion: games ’93 _p89 Creativity BIB See the future in sound and vision - sage words for the Amiga artist in us all Graphics_p90 Video_p94 Desktop publishing_p98 Opinion: Gfx '93 pi 01 Music_p104 Opinion: Music_p107 Get serious Your chance to discover where the mighty power of the Amiga as a serious machine is set to take
us Business_p11 1 Programming_pi 16 Emulators_pi23 Opinion: business _p 127 Subscribe_ pi 30 Don't miss our superb selection of money-saving offers on Amiga Format, Amiga Shopper and Amiga Power Questions answered,., 5 ANNUAL 1993 Everything you always wanted to know about your Amiga... well, almost.
Our experts reveal all the solutions Ask the experts_p 140 Workbench & Answerfile Special_p150 Opinion_pi 57 Hall off Fame & Readers' Poll results_pi33 We name the year's top products and reveal what your fellow readers think as they vote for their own favourites Actual Reality_piss We let what's left of our hair down and speculate wildly on what current technological developments could bring us in the not-too-distant future 100 EUROPEAN TEAMS ?
DESIGN YOUR OWN CUP TOURNAMENT * 1 & 2 PLAYER ACTION * DIVING HEADERS, Etc. ?
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* NAMED SCORERS biP* ¦ a ¦ i jllrt 1992 Year of the Amiga Part
one: the big picture... 'The Amiga is now the machine to have.
I really do believe that next year is going to be the Amiga's
year'' - Steve Franklin, then MD of Commodore UK, November 1990
'There's no doubt in my mind that 1992 will be remembered as
the most important year for the Amiga since its launch" - Kelly
Sumner, MD of Commodore UK, October 1992 ANNUAL 1993 We think
Kelly Sumner could yet be proven right: certainly it was a big
year for the Amiga and here are some of the images that we will
remember from 1992.
Ranging from top left to bottom right, we have O the A500, which had served us all well for years, but when the axe finally fell we were all looking the other way and hardly noticed that @ the A500 Plus crept in, bringing 1 Mb of chip RAM and Workbench 2 with it. But the upstart had only had a few short months to show off and it too was dispatched by the arrival of 0 the A600 in both hard disk and floppy disk form. Although the A600 offers the same functions in more compact form that its predecessor, it was initially rejected due to the fact that it looked like a piece of cheese and it had
no numeric keyboard.
The A600 needed pushing hard and it appeared that the powers-that-be had decided that O Steve Franklin, the man who as Commodore UK MD had made the A500 so popular here, was in need of a long rest. Bye bye Steve and hello 0 Kelly Sumner, the man who summed up the years of Thatcher and Major by starting on the factory floor and working his way up to UK MD. Steve moved over to look after 0 CDTV, his task being to make the CD-based Amiga as big as its floppy-based ancestor. Kelly also had to look to new technology to keep the A500 owners happy, and eventually along came 0 the A570 CD-ROM drive.
Things were looking up. Even more so when the once unassailable A3000 PC-lookalike was joined in the battle for top spot in high-end computing by 0 the A4000. And of course, the magazine that covered all of this news first and best was 0 AMIGA FORMAT: the biggest-selling Amiga magazine in the world.
Tim Smith takes a look at the big changes of the year and sees a pattern... THE YEAR IN BRIEF NOVEMBER 91 The month gets off to a lively start with the World of Commodore Show.
Following what Amiga Format called ‘the unfortunate collapse’ of the rival Computer Entertainment Show (at the last minute, it is closed to the public) the WoC is set to be the biggest computer show this country has ever seen.
WoC is, of course, organised by Amiga Format so it’s bound to be a hit
- or at least that’s what we hope. Fears that the public might
not attend add an edge: tensions are high and so are work
loads. Happily for all concerned, it exceeds expectations.
While Damien Noonan stars in live interviews on European satellite TV and Kiss FM radio, the Amiga Format stand at Earls Court II is the centre of the action. The cream of Amiga journalists from Amiga Format and its sister titles Amiga Shopper (Andy Storer) and Amiga Power (Matt Bielby) answer questions, the top games programmers put in appearances. Most vociferous of the lot, however, is freelance writer Mark Smiddy who has strong words to say about Commodore and the non-appearance of a Workbench 2 upgrade. “That man there!
He’s the one!” Mark is heard to cry at one stage, pointing towards Commodore’s stand. “Go and ask him why we can’t get Workbench 2 yet!”
• The latest issue of the magazine goes on sale, two days early,
at the Show with a big surprise on the cover: a review of a new
machine. The A500 Plus has been causing a sensation since we
first heard of its arrival in the country two weeks before,
when retailers opened boxes that should have contained A500s,
only to find a new Amiga inside!
ANNUAL 1993
• With the lead-up to the busy Christmas period being
traditionally slow on news, the pages of Amiga Format, industry
rag Computer Trade Weekly, and the people’s weekly, New
Computer Express, are notably short of tittle-tattle. But on
the games side, news comes through that Monkey Island 2 is
going to hit Amiga screens early in 1992. Great!
• Digital Dreams releases Cds containing the hit soundtracks
from games created by Psygnosis and Gremlin. A year later, a
similar disc is a huge hit in Germany, but this one
disappears...
• Meanwhile, Blitsoft is announcing a hard software utility
called SYBIL which, the company claims, will enable users to
carry out file transfers between Macs, Pcs, Sts and, of course,
Amigas.
We have yet to see it.
DECEMBER The month of the A500 Plus debacle.
The A500 is one of those machines, like the Mini motor car, that people thought would never lie down and die. And, to an extent, they were right. It had to be crept 1992, A YEAR OF CHANGES - the A500 into the A500 Plus into the A600. Steve Franklin to Kelly Sumner, Commodore's former retail sales manager, disk drives to PCMCIA slots and into CD drives.
But underlying all these changes was the fact that the Amiga kept going from strength to strength in w w O whichever form Commodore decided to pitch at the public.
It was a turbulent year, with the various attempts to convince anyone and everyone that Commodore's national repair centre company, FMG.
Was not in fact in any danger; FMG's demise; various attempts to convince everyone and anyone that FMG’s demise wouldn't affect anyone; the arrival of Wang; the news that Wang's parent company in the states has suddenly stopped making money.
It was a communications year as Commodore's new man-in-charge.
Kelly Sumner, decided to open up to the press (and thereby the public) on a regular basis. Strange then that just a few days after the first press conference in the new regime, the price of the A600 was cut by £100 when most of the journalists present had come away with the opinion that this would not happen for another two months.
It was a combative year with attacks from two sides. The first onslaught came from the Japanese console makers. Apparently the UK was ripe for attack.
Sega decided to support the European Football Championships (but Graham Taylor didn’t). Nintendo decided to support the same Amerltalian plumber that they'd been supporting for years. And people with long memories began talking about 'the console boom of the '80s repeating itself and whether in two years* time Sega or Nintendo or maybe both would end up like Atari. (Anyone remember what happened to the famous VCS consoles? Anyone know what happened to the Atari ST?)
The second onslaught came from the IBM PC and compatibles which suddenly turned from a dull grey business machine which required you to add cards left right and centre in order to make it produce more than a beep and more than an early-1980* s screen resolution into a dull grey leisure machine that... you get the idea.
Everybody said it was going to be a great success because it was a machine that you could play games on and do serious computing - some of us thought that we'd heard that before about another machine.
I* Underlying all these changes was the simple tact that the Amiga was going from strength to strength in whatever form99 But the Amiga fought off all comers.
Sure it changed its guise a few' times: first from the straightforward 512k
1. 3-equipped A500 that we have known and loved for these past
six years, almost overnight, and definitely over the heads of
many Cartoon Classics buyers, metamorphosing into the A500
Plus.
Dealers and consumers were up in arms. How could they do this to 'our machine* without telling us first?
Would the foundations of Amigadom withstand the tremors - more from the bottom lips of distributors peeved about being left out than from those lucky punters who, on opening their Cartoon Classics box realised they had the Plus - that this move brought about? Would Commodore be able to withstand the PR that emerged from what looked like the worst communication foul-up since it was decided that those Turkish cannon didn't look so bad really, and that the Valley of Death was mis-named?
We never really got the chance to find out because the A500 Plus lasted but a fleeting moment, only to be replaced by the A600. The row that had stalled with the A500Plus was only to escalate.
Rumours of new' machines had been circulating widely for months but it was still quite a shock when the A600 went on sale, the first news coming from a wire release by Commodore Belgium. Suddenly we had a newr machine and a whole bunch of new ideas to deal with - SMT. PCMCIA and IDE.
And meanwhile, in the background. The CDTV was growing from an ugly duckling into a slightly less ugly goose, as the Multimedia pack, complete with keyboard and disk drive, appeared across Europe.
Exciting stuff indeed. But there's rrD more to come... SOME SAY IT began in October, others are convinced November was the beginning of the saga that was to stun the Amiga community.
Whenever it besan, the bissest.
Most obviously important piece of news for years, on all our minds last Christmas, was the fact that Amiga 500 Pluses had slipped into the UK.
These new machines came with 1Mb of RAM, the new Enhanced Chip Set and Workbench 2 first (and last) appeared under the guise of the Cartoon Classics bundle. And boy did it create a furore among dealers and consumers alike.
Amiga owners and buyers split into two camps. The improved spec made the Plus desirable for some, especially those who felt ripped off because they had just bought a plain A500. But software incompatibility problems made it a machine to be avoided by others, especially those who'd just bought one when they were expecting to get a normal A500.
But one question was widespread.
How come the first way anyone knew about the machine was when it turned up in boxes at the dealers’ premises?
Various stories did the rounds concerning the influx of new machines:
a) The Cock-Up theory: Commodore had made a vast mistake and had
released the machines too earlv because of a massive internal-
WHAT THEY SAID ABOUT THE PLUS j communications cock-up.
B) v The Conspiracy theory: Commodore had decided to sneak the
machines in rather than making a song-and-dance about them
because they knew of incompatibility problems with games
software.
C) The It-was-the-USA-that-made- us theory: Commodore HQ in the
States had given Commodore UK no option: 'Ship them or ship
out’.
D) The Good Guys Theory: Commodore decided that these machines
were just too good to waste and that the British public simply
had to have them now.
All these theories were bandied around, some in print, some in bars around the country where Amiga journalists met and wandered. But the one that finally made it into the headlines was as follows: the A500 Plus was due for official release sometime early in the New Year.
All of a sudden the A500 Plus turned from the machine you hoped to get into one that would not play your favourite game m But. Because the Amiga was selling so well. Commodore had badly underestimated stocks for the lead-up to Christmas. With the critical commercial date approaching, the company decided that it had to get machines from anywhere because the shops had to be stocked. To this end.
It accepted delivery' of A500s from all On the telephone to Commodore, the day we heard from a dealer that he had been delivered a new Amiga Plus instead of the old A500, we asked “what about these new machines, then?” The reply from Commodore’s press officer, Andrew Ball, was “what new machines?” “New Amiga surprises everyone including Commodore” Headline in the news pages of the December 1991 issue of AF over the world, and in one of the these shipments were "only two or three thousand" Pluses. Once in the UK. The machines were bundled in Cartoon Classics bundles and sent to dealers.
The passions stirred up by the 500 Plus were more to do with the press and dealers feeling slightly miffed that they had not been told beforehand about the changes than from the buying public. That is until news that certain pieces of software, most notoriously games, would not be compatible with the new machine.
All of a sudden the A500 Plus changed from being the machine that you hoped that you would find in your Cartoon Classics bundle into the one that might or might not play your favourite game. It could have destroyed Christmas sales of the Amiga 500 altogether.
Developers complained that they had not had the chance to test games on the new machines. Commodore explained that it had not known that the Pluses would turn up when they did. Unhappy A500 Plus owners complained that they had been sold a dud.
This was going on at a time when Commodore must surely have been aware that the A600 would be in the shops shortly after Christmas. Was it preparing the ground for the A600?
“When you have products being flown in, coming by road, coming by sea, you just can’t say.” Kelly Sumner, Commodore’s Sales Manager, on whether all new machines would be A500 Pluses “The dealers, who are testing their own software stocks, are claiming failure rates as high as only 5 games in 50 working. Commodore insists that of over 800 titles tested, only 10 would not run.” Amiga Format news report THE YEAR IN BRIEF up behind and mugged under cover of darkness around the Christmas period.
Plus the shock factor So how was it that a new Amiga 500 arrived with no-one knowing about it?
As it starts becoming obvious that some software won’t run on the new A500 Plus, the dealers are stunned and moaning, the users are unaware (though some of them are lucky enough to get their hands on a machine) and Commodore is doing an excellent impression of a decapitated rooster.
The press has a field day.
• In among all the Plus compatibility problems comes a glimpse of
a real ray of sunshine. The ever wonderful Great Valley
Products (GVP) declares that a super-fast accelerator is to hit
the Amiga- using public before too long. Coo!
Wonder what it will turn out like...
• Gold Disk announces that version 2.1 of PageSetter is to
include sideways printing and on-line help.
• Ocean is planning to get Robocop 3 into the shops in order to
hit the Christmas rush (and the top of the Christmas charts).
The game has now come and gone, but the film still isn’t out.
ANNUAL 1993 AMIGA F(
• Stuart Campbell of Amiga Power wins Mirrorsoft’s Cisco Heat
challenge with Amiga Formats Maff Evans coming in a righteous
fourth. Little do anyone of us know that the chance of getting
our hands on the prizes lies in the hands of a fat, crooked
publisher. Mirrorsoft is about to become the victim of
Maxwell’s rusty hammer. While everyone is preparing to enjoy
the Yuletide festivities with predictions for the future,
good cheer, booze, too much food and the chance to get away
from work for a few days, the Mirror Group catastrophe (unless
you are a staunch Sun reader) is festering away beneath the
waves... as it were.
• Not content with issuing version 2.1 of PageSetter, Gold Disk
announces version 3 to the market as well. In 1992, a year on,
we’re still waiting for it.
• This is also the month that sees Domark advertising Super Space
Invaders with the quotation “This game is so sexy” from a
certain C Edgely.
Clare Edgely is Domark’s public relations representative at the time. Within ‘the industry’ this passes for humour and a good in-joke, but should it be used as a selling device?
JANUARY The New Year opens up with thoughts of the Single European Market, general elections, lowered taxes, stupid promises, life changes, England winning the.European Championships, new Amigas, a strengthened CDTV marketing thrust, first year exams, final year exams, retirements, Alien3, Batman 2, Nigel Mansell winning at least one Grand Prix, Neil Kinnock saying something sensible; all is hope, all is optimism, all is fresh- facedness bridled with hang-overness.
The upstart Amiga, or the saviour of a computing dynasty? Who could tell?
600 reasons to cheerful?
AMIGA FORMAT VV ANNUAL 1993 GOODBYE CARTOON CLASSICS HELLO EPIC. HELLO WILD, WEIRD & WICKED The Cartoon Classics bundle which started with the A500 and then, to most people’s surprise, the A500 Plus, ran from August 1991 to mid-1992 and followed up on the ‘big star’ theme of 1990’s Batman pack.
Inside the bundle were The Simpsons - Bart v The Space Mutants, Captain Planet and the Planeteers, and Lemmings. This was rather a case of ‘two outta three ain’t bad’, with the two cartoon tie-ins getting ‘pretty good’ and ‘average’ ratings.
Still, Lemmings was a surefire winner, and the bright packaging, inclusion of Deluxe Paint III, and a £399 price ensured its success.
Not one, but now two-and-a-half new A600 packs.
Commodore’s vision for the 600 is not as a games machine that you can also do some graphics on, but as a rounded home computer: hence the Language Lab element which comes as the ‘flip side’ of the Epic pack).
The choice of games is, once again, a mishmash. If you wanted gaming style you would have to go for the Wild... pack with its Push Over, Putty, and Formula One. If you wanted an Amiga with a built-in hard disk and a more grown-up feel, the Epic bundle would suit. Prices are £349 and £499 and both are likely to be very popular.
And Oh No! More Lemmings is on the way. Of course, Amiga Format has already cheered everyone along with an exclusive set of new Lemmings levels in the guise of Christmas Lemmings in which the little chaps all wore Santa suits and were generally jolly in their suicide, which appeared on the Crimble Cdisk.
• Alongside this, Amiga Format is also to be seen splattered
across the ‘better’ Sunday supplements and TV adverts.
‘Have you seen the light?’ asks the adverts. ‘Not for weeks since we’ve been on Christmas and New Year deadlines’ screams back the rest of the office.
• To further encourage sales of CDTVs, Commodore cuts the price
by £100. Is something going wrong? Is the expected onslaught
from Philips with Compact Disc-interactive (CD-i) too worrying
for the company? Or has Commodore been planning this one all
along? No one is quite sure. But one thing is quite certain,
and that is that Philips is going to be steaming into the
market with CD-i soon.
COMMERCIAL BREAK: All monthly magazines are put together, printed and on the stands a month before the cover- date. This means that you will not be reading the true good-time New Year stuff from a magazine team until the February issue (one of the most feared issues of the year because it’s put together in the first two weeks of December). And now back to the news... FEBRUARY It becomes apparent that Ocean’s Robocop 3 package contains more than a game. Lurking inside the box is a protection device that many of us hadn’t seen for a long, long, time. The dongle had made a return. This
hardware device acts as copy-protection because, unless it is plugged into the Amiga as you attempt to play, the game simply won’t run. It seems that the new year has started with the pirates firmly on the defensive. But a twist in the story soon follows...
• News filters through that Mirrorsoft is to be bought by
Acclaim, the UK-based Nintendo developer. Other rumours are of
a management buy-out, a US buy out, the return of Maxwell and
it is all a big joke. But at the end of it all, the staff of
Mirrorsoft still have to console themselves that the New
Year’s Eve redundancies were at least backed up by a decent
pension fund... whoops!
• At the time, Mirrorsoft was working on a number of games which
it is feared might not see the light of drives. These games
include Legend, Lure of the Temptress, and Fire and Ice, all of
which are later bought and released by other publishers.
Sensible’s Mega-lo-Mania and Vivid Image’s First Samurai both
suffer because Mirrorsoft collapsed only days after they have
gone on sale, wiping out any returns to the developers.
THE YEAR IN BRIEF WITH THE DUST settling on the A500 Plus drama and trauma, and with most people accepting that the A500 was now a dim distant memory, some semblance of calm had settled on the Amiga world.
But this was not to last for long.
With sales of the new Amigas holding reasonably firm despite the fuss kicked up about software and hardware incompatibility, no one really expected Commodore to launch to Ions awaited 600 until late ‘92.
We already knew that the next entry-level Amiga would have 600 in the name, and we knew this for two very good reasons: first, the Amiga CD-ROM drive had been called the A690 for as long as most people could recall, then was suddenly switched to become the A570; and second Commodore's information base was leaking like a sieve from both sides of the Atlantic.
What no one was really prepared for was the date of the launch. April caught everyone, except Commodore and probably Dixons (one of Commodore's major distributors and always in the know, we w ould assume) well off guard.
With no new packaging, the new- machine slotted into the Cartoon Classics bundle happily, more happily in fact than the Cartoon Classics were now slipping on to the shelves.
One of the major worries, apparently, was the fact that the new- machine came w ithout a numeric keypad. This lack of a pad. Which most The lack of a keypad, which most people only used twice in their lives, caused blusters of "This isn't a real Amiga at all!"” people only used twice in their lives anyway, caused blusters of “this isn’t a real Amiga” from all quarters.
But the keyboard slid into insignificance when experienced users went looking for the edge connector. This was going too far. The edge connector was replaced by a very slim slot, a credit card slot - well a PCMCIA slot to be exact.
First impressions were that this would mean an end to all expandability for the Amiga.
A related, but less obvious change, was the fact that the Gary chip - which controls the Input Output devices - had been replaced by Gayle in order to cope with the demands of the new credit card slot.
Basically what we had here was a games machine. The lack of numeric keyboard, only really used for serious software and the occasional flight sim', the lack of hard drives and RAM expansions, the pared-down size of the machine: all of this pointed towards a games machine, even a console beater. Surely Commodore wouldn't stoop to a short-term gain over long-term potential?
By the middle of the year Commodore's plans for the Amiga seemed to be settled down; keep the packs coming, settle on the A600 as the entry-level machine and get the public looking to the higher level machines - the 1500 and 3000 - as the logical next steps.
CDTV, COMMODORE DYNAMIC Total Vision; the home entertainment system that you can slip beneath your VCR; the non-computer.
Future arrives This was the family entertainment unit of the future; mum could get cookery books on CD. Dad could get gardening manuals, little Johnny could play Microcosm (the CD-only game from Psygnosis) and little Janet could get My Little Pony adventures.
The television would be a thing of the past as entire British families gathered around a hot CDTV in order to learn and play. The family that plays together and all that... It seemed to nearly everyone but Commodore that this was exactly the wrong way to sell CDTV.
But according to Commodore this was what the wonder- machine was all about. It has only emerged recently and.
From the mouth of Commodore's UK MD. Kelly Sumner, that this sales pitch had come from the States, and that the British end of the operation was growing more and more aware that the concept would never take off.
Back in early 1992, however, the party line that keyboards encouraged people to think of the machine as a computer, and computers encouraged technophobia, and that technophobia did not sell ’units', was prevalent. It seemed that no one inside the company had bothered to recognise that a magazine like Amiga Format could sell well over 150.000 issues per month on the strength of a computer. It did not seem to have scratched the cerebral surface that this computer was an Amiga and that the Amisa was the heart of CDTV.
No, the strategy back then was to pretend that CDTV The naming of the A570 ROM drive, it would make sense for it to have a 500-series name-tag: and equally, the fact that the A690 name occurred in the first place gives credence to the theory that there is to be a 600-series machine and peripherals."
Was this another case of Commodore's internal communications getting snarled up and letting the company become caught in the jaws of a derisive press and public? Or are the writers jumping the gun in order to make a story? I think we all know the answer to that one. However it became more and more clear that THE SAGA OF the CD-ROM drive was one of the more intriguing stories of the year, pulling two aspects of the Amiga world into sharp relief. The first of these was Commodore UK's control of its own destiny, as distinct from its parent company. The second was the grasp of 'the big picture'
held by the computer press.
Having called the drive the A690.
Commodore suddenly renamed the unit as the A570.
This is what we at Amiga Formal said of the move: "If Commodore wants A500 owners to buy the CD- In 1992 it finally became possible to take Amiga CD seriously, as the CDTV was repositioned as a real computer, complete with keyboard and disk drive, and the A570 CD-ROM drive for the A500 went on sale... was a slorified CD-cum-VCR and that the soon-to-arrive V-» A690 (or A590 or A570) CD-ROM drive for the Amiga was part of another, computer, dimension. All this was going on with the threat of Philips' CD-i system looming.
Then something wonderful happened. Someone at Commodore UK woke up. “Hold on!”, they said.“we've got hundreds of thousands of Amigas out there. The Amiga is the heart of CDTV and it's a well-known name, and it works. Why don't we start to call CDTV 'Amiga CDTV'?"
This decision meant that the UK had to break with the US lead and strike out alone - or at least this is what Kelly Sumner would have us believe.
This break occurred at the same time as Philips (the originator of the CD format) decided that the time was right to let rip with the long-awaited CD-i (Compact Disc interactive). Rumours abounded that Philips was to hit Europe with the support of Sony and Matsushita (under its Panasonic name). Some people said that they had even seen Panasonic CD-i machines. And the selling point for CD-i was... well you're better off reading the first paragraph of this piece rather than me repeating myself.
But the re-positioning of CDTV took a further step. Not only did (and does) Commodore wants you to see CDTV as a turbo-nutter Amiga, the company also wants you to trade in your A500 (Plus or otherwise). Things were getting serious. But not serious enoush. It would seem, for Commodore to show the true value of CD by releasing the A570 CD-ROM drive for under £250, or launching the A670 (A600 version) at all. We can only hope that both of these come to pass early in 1993... Commodore was going to unleash a new. Compact Amiga on the public before too long.
In fact. Kelly Sumner, when asked about rumours of a new Amiga, said to industry mag Computer Trade Weekly: “Let's not get carried away about having 60 million colours and quadraphonic sound. It's a slight improvement on machines already in that area.” What could he mean?
Would the flagship A500 Plus be joined by a little brother? The wild speculation caused by these brief statements ran riot... THE YEAR IN BRIEF
• According to Commodore, three million (3,000,000) Amigas have
been sold worldwide, with the UK market approaching the
1,000,000 mark.
A IARCH Spring is readying itself to be sprung and with it comes speculation that a number of new Amigas are in the waiting. Pub talk is filled by scoff-scoffing noises as ‘industry sources close to Commodore US’ are reported to have revealed plans for three new Amigas.
One of these machines is said to be an Amiga 300. This is a to be a compact version of the A500 and a cheap games machine, a console-beater.
Also on the cards according to international news wires is the name A800 - the theory being that the A500 is small and dead, the A1000 is old and rotting, and no mid-range Amiga would be called (Heaven forfend!) By a name as odd as A600. The other machine is supposed to be the A4000. Pah humbug, it’ll never happen!
(Hindsight warning! The A300 turned into the A600, although A300 is still stamped on the circuit board. The A4000 was revealed in September 1992... but what of the A800, with its CD-quaiity sound and 68020 processor?)
• Software house shenanigans are to the fore as Electronic Arts
swallows up Millennium (formerly Logotron Entertainment). There
is also speculation that Mirrorsoft (remember that?) Has in
fact been bought out Acclaim.
Rn o o 5
• On the lighter side, reports seep in about the A690 CD-ROM
drive for the A500. Apparently, the new wonder- gadget will
enable A500 (and Plus) owners to access all the facilities of
CDTV with half the fuss and bother.
A few of the more astute Amiga users query why a drive designed for the A500 range should be called the A690, the rest of the world calls them pedantic fools and demands that they get on with real life and stop nit-picking.
• There is also news of a new 386-based bridgeboard for the
Amiga. This hardware add-on will enable users to run loads of
exciting software such as PC spreadsheets, databases... forget
it!
APRIL Ocean’s dongle anti-piracy device seems to have failed as Amiga Format receives a cracked, dongle-less and still completely playable copy of Robocop 3 through the post. Ocean maintains that the £35 price of the game had nothing to do with the dongle’s development and inclusion in the box. They also decide to call it a day dongle-wise and let someone else have a crack at solving the problem using hardware defenses.
• To further add to the incredible depression that April seemed
to be heaping on all of us, Storm software produces Daily FIRST
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Smmmi SW TCH only £2099.99 AMIGA 3000 RANGE 25 Mhz with 52 Mb HD, 2Mb RAM..£ 1399.99 25Mhz with 105 Mb HD .£1599.99 AMIGA 500 Plus K!! 1
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Frml only £329.99 CDTV Trackerball only £74.99 CDTV keyboard only £49.99 The Deluxe combines the normal Amiga 600 plus a fitted ROM sharer with 1.3 and 2.05 ROM's fitted making incompatibility a thing of the past.
Only £29.99 (with A6oo AMIGA 600 Deluxe with Micro Prose Grand Prix, Deluxe Paint 3, Putty & Pushov The Wild, Weird & the Wicked AMIGA 600 bundles AMIGA 1500 Plus With 2.04 Kickstart chip and Workbench 2.
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The Epic pack 1 Mb RAM add £37.99 now only £369.99 CD Rom Amiga A570 AMIGA 1500 Plus Business & Entertainment pack with Epic, Rome, Myth, & Trivial Pursuit, Dictionary, Language Lab & Deluxe Paint 3 only £39.99 (with A600 20HD) With Deluxe Paint 3, Platinum Works ( business package), Home Accounts, Puzznic, Elf, Toki, Amiga Format Tips book & Joystick.
All Star & Citizen dot matrix printers come complete with printer drivers & paper! Star LC20 £134.99 180 cps draft, 45 cps NLQ, quiet mode and multi fonts, push button operation.
New Star LCI00 Colour...£ 179.99 8 resident fonts, I80cps draft 45cps NLQ, Quiet mode Star LC200 colour..£ 195.99 9 pin colour, 8 fonts, 225 cps draft, 45 cps NLQ, A4 landscape printing.
New Star LC24-100.....£ 191.99 Star LC24-20 .£199.99 24 pin quality, 210 cps draft, 60 cps LQ, 16K buffer expandible to 48K, 10 fonts and LCD front display.
Star LC24-200 mono...£2l9.99 24 pin, 222 cps draft, 67 cps LQ, 10 fonts, A4 landscape.7k buffer expandable to 39K Star LC24-200 colour.£269. With the FIRST EXTRAS Pack you can make sure you have every thing you need when buying an Amiga . All the essentials required for the first time buyer and at a bargain price Comprises:
• Top quality microswitched Powerplay Cruiser joystick
• Mouse Mat
• Dust Cover
• 10 high quality Blank Disks
• Plus £70.00 of software only £29.99 RRP £95.00 24 pin,
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NEW Swift 200 Colour .£204.99 Same out put as the 240 but with less facilities Semi auto sheet feeder £29.99 Automatic Sheet feeder....£79.99 FIRST EXTRAS PACK Canon BJIOex £229.99 HEWLETT PACKARD COMPUTER PRINTERS All HP printers come with a 3 year warranty NEW Swift 240 Colour....£279. Excellent value 9 pin colour. Highly recommended Colour version with 30K buffer expandable to 62K IL Laser quality output. Larger buffer than the StarSJ48Canon Star bubblejet cartridges £ 17.99 Star XB24-200 colour....£379.99 HP500 mono cartridges....£ 14.99 HP 500 Colour £509.99 HP500 mono..now
£334.99 Citizen Swift 9 Colour £183.99 Hewlett Packard Printers CITIZEN COMPUTER PRINTERS Canon BJ20 ......£309. Built in auto sheet feeder and extra facilities than BJ10 Canon BJ300 ....£379.99 Professional quality with On-site maintenance, very quiet.
Star SJ48 Bubble jet £209.
All our printers inc ribbons and free std printer cable. All Citizen printers come with a 2 year guarantee. All printers have a full UK specification.
BJIOex Autosheetfeeder...£52.99 Star SJ48 Autosheet feeder £52.99 Star LC24-200 Autosheet feeder.£64.99 Laser quality, ultra quiet, Epson compatible & portable Desktop bubble jet with laser quality Wide carriage version of the BJ300 Star Laserjet 4 MK3.£739.99 Canon BJ330 ...£519. Star LC24-20 Autosheet feeder...£64.99 4 page laser, I years on site maintenance Star LC20 Autosheet feeder .£59.99 Star LC200 Autosheet feeder......£62.99 MONITORS All our monitors are UK spec. All monitors come complete with a free Amiga lead WARNING: Before you purchase a monitor make sure it has a
full UK specification. You might be buying what you think is a similar monitor at a lower price but it is likely to be a "GREY" import. These monitors do not comply with British safety standards and are not covered by an official warranty PHILIPS CM8833mk2 vsuijr k i 7J.77 UK Spec. Commodore 1084 5 SDI only £209.99 PHILIPS BRILLIANCE with overscan facility The Brilliance monitor has a high quality Super VGA resolution. Includes overscan facility, .28 dot pitch.and tilt swivel stand. 12 months on site maintenance.
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..WWA' V* ickup utility...... £26.99 £39.99 £9.99 THE YEAR IN BRIEF We want to tell Sport Covergirl Poker. This excuse of a game has zero gameplay, badly digitised pictures (you’d be better off reading the out-of-register cheesecake posed pictures in The Sport itself). What really is the point of going on, we ask ourselves?
MAY The first virtual reality film prepares to hit the big screens in the form of The Lawnmower Man. We are all prepared for a lack of plot, some cardboard acting, poor timing and the rest of the luggage that comes with movies that rely on special effects and short stories by ‘master of horror’ Stephen King.
• ZooI makes its first showing and is acclaimed as one of the
best console- style lookalikes ever, though there’s still a
long way to go until there’s a finished game there. Gremlin
looks to have started the year in a most excellent way.
They have even managed to secure the rights to the classic bad film Plan 9 From Outer Space. Undoubtedly the worst film ever made, surely this means the game will be a huge, Mickey-taking extravaganza in the grand tradition.
(Hindsight Warning! It later transpires that, in order to sell games, Gremlin is giving away videos of the film that no one wanted to watch. And the game's a dog.)
• The A600 makes its debut in the pages of this august journal
(and sister mag Amiga Shoppet). We deal in more detail with the
machine later in this Special, but suffice to say that many
people had been expecting it... but not this soon. With the
A500 just cold in its tomb and the A500 Plus only warming to
its work, the launch looks at little rushed. Combine this with
the fact that May is not normally considered to be a heavy
buying period, and you have a rather confusing situation to say
the least.
ANNUAL 1993
• Compact Disc thinking is supported by announcements from
MicroProse, Psygnosis and Mindscape, all of which announce that
they are developing for CD format in a more or less serious way
this year. For the most part this talk of development
actually means to shovel old, floppy-based titles over to
Compact Disc format. But Psygnosis certainly does sound serious
in its claims that it will be Europe’s first true CD-developer,
and to substantiate this, has started work on a game called
Microcosm which is to be loosely based on the Fantastic Voyage,
Inner Space movie themes of a voyage in the human body.
TV STARTS TO TAKE GAMES SERIOUSLY The year is new, rumours and rumblings are shaking the rather conservative foundations of the computer games world. Some heretics are whispering that computer games are taking over from pop music as the ‘kids’ favourite. Others are saying that television will soon be picking up on this trend.
The world is as yet unaware of a rising young star who goes by the name of Dominik Diamond.
This is all to change before the year end as Channel 4 announces that it will be screening weekly, half-hour games related shows called GamesMaster.
We are all promised that the show won’t be reminiscent of the ancient and disregarded MicroLive.
No, this will be for the kids. It is set inside a deconsecrated East End church, it has stars such GamesMaster caused a stir and the a wave of interest to as * wel1 jt has stars‘ The series is a ra9,n9 success, pass through the normally wary world of computer gaming attracting large numbers of viewers, the occasional as well as the television networks, all of which were look- piece of advertising and causing all the other TV net- ing for new ideas and new directions. Works to consider running their own games programs.
JUNE It transpires that Commodore has killed off the A500 Plus, which will no longer be made. People who had been vociferously whinging about the arrival of the 500 Pius and rueing the death of the classic A500 now leap at the chance to start heavy whinging at the A600 and the death of the old classic the A500 Plus.
What, more secret new Amigas?
INFORMATION LEAKS ARE always exciting. Even if they are normally completely untrue... This last year has been completely overrun with rumours of new Amigas under development. Slowly, bit by bit, the stories have become more concrete and. Eventually, turned into new machines. We now have the A600, the A4000 and the double-A chip set. So what can we expect to happen next?
During the course of the year, the fates of the A500. The A3000 and the A1500 2000 have all been hanging in the balance. The intriguing part is the way some of the rumours have come true, while others have yet to take a concrete form... Most of the rumours start life as urgent communications on the Amiga-related bulletin boards of the United States, where Amiga research happens. At the start of the year three new machines were being kicked around as possibilities: the A300, A800 and then the A4000. The other topic of discussion has been the next development of the Amiga's custom chip set and
what qualities it would bring.
There was a growing expectancy that the Amiga range was in for a severe tweaking in order to keep up with a home market that was being impinged on strongly by the new low- cost Apple Macintoshes, the fall in price of the IBM and compatible Pcs. But. As usual, the chaps at Commodore were playing their cards close to their chests.
The A4000 started off as just a rumour of a new machine with a 68040 processor and the 'doubie-A' chip set, but became a reality. What next?
* Rumours come true: we now have the A600, the A4000 and the
double-A chip set. So what can we expect to happen next? 99
First rumour is the A300, a cut- down. Very cheap version of
the A500 aimed at beating the console market. Word is that it
will have a similar spec to the 500 but sell as a
console-beater at around £150. Then the A600 arrives and, lo
and behold, it’s a cut-down machine and has the number A300
etched on the circuit board, though only later is the price
dropped and then only to £299. But that's one up to the rumour
mill all the same.
The 4000 is a more intriguing option: a 68040- based machine, it will come with Kickstart 2.1 and the new - still secret - AA chipset. This group of processors is the subject that has everyone talking. 256-colour graphics, a 24-bit palette and 16-bit sampled sound are supposed to be made possible by the new chips.
In an interview with sister magazine Amiga Shopper, Kelly Sumner says the following in answer to a question about the AA chipset: “Well, if you think about it, the first chip that we ever released is the ‘single A’, and then we had the ECS which is the ‘A Plus' chipset, if you like, so I suppose a ‘double A* wouldn't be out of the question*.
Sure enough, the A4000 arrives with the AA chip set installed, though no advanced sound capability. But the A800 remains just a rumour. Aimed not at the A600 end of the market, but at the 1500 and 2000 machines, it is to be based on a 68030 chip and could even be named the Classic. Kelly Sumner denies all knowledge of a Classic 800 machine.
But is it possible that there is some truth in the whisper that the A2000 has ceased production because a possible replacement is on the way? Can the rumours of games developers seeing the A800 and comparing it with Atari's Falcon be true? All we can say is that Commodore is promising exciting news in ;93.
Watch this space - something's afoot!
MULTIMEDIA BIG?
Commodore got behind CDTV in a big way by announcing that it intended to open 12 Multimedia Centres over the next three years - anyone seen one yet?
The centres were set up in order to group together all of Commodore’s multimedia equipment in one place for ease of access and are designed to teach business users the idea behind the multimedia concept, which will no doubt pay dividends in the end.
But they also gave rise to a memorable comment from Terry Cooke, Commodore’s national sales director talking about multimedia machines other than CDTV: “[it’s like] teaching a dog to walk on two legs, because, whilst you can probably do it, the solution takes an awful lot of money and patience.” stories... The big, big, big numbers game Tws Last year year Title ¦¦__fTnifrillrhrtr nWJi rWnSnCf Jar* Jim 91 51 79 AMIGA FORMAT* M Future Publishing 161,256
115. 158 52 50 Q M Emap 161,164
163. 607 53 62 WEIGHT WATCHERS MAGAZINE 10PA GAT Publishing
160,174
140. 439 54 48 WOMAN'S .JOURNAL M IPC Magazines 150,569
172. 196 55 55 0 TUNS M IPC Magazines 150,405 150,067 56 57
EXCHANGE & MART w Link House (UCM) 148,048
145. 831 57 60 HOUSE &GAR0EN M Conde Nast 146,546 142,512 58 53
SHOOT W IPC Magazines 145,020 156,167 59 61 WHAT CAR?* M
Haymarket Publishing 144,422 146,650 A91 60 59 BBC WILDLIFE*
M BBC Magazines 143,668
143. 227 61 58 PRACTICAL PARENTING M IPC Magazines 142,109
145. 551 62 88 GARDEN ANSWERS* M Emap 141,727
103. 391 63 69 MATCH* W Emap 140,667
130. 170 64 63 MGZ FN IPC Magazines 137,029 140,334 65 74 YOURS M
Emap 134,567 121,208 66 84 CHOICE MAGAZINE* M Choice
Publications (Emap) 132,250 110,313 67 67 CAR* M Emap
132,248 J091 137,105 68 49 FAST FORWARD W BBC Magazines
129,714 166,291 69 64 SKY MAGAZINE M Hachette(UK) 129,065
140,241 70 68 SLIMMER BM Magazines International 128,034
132,540 71 65 MOTOR CYCLE NEV S W Emap 128,007 139,681 72 75
TIMES EDUCATIONAL SUPP* W Times Newspapers 124,618 120,083
73 51 AUTO EXPRESS- W United Consumer Mags.
123,474
161. 438 74 - MEAN MACHINES* M Emap 122,854 - 75 83 NEW MUSICAL
EXPRESS W IPC Magazines 116,415 111,503 76 77 WORD SEARCH* M
BEAP 114,414 A91 116,721 A90 77 91 VOX M IPC Magazines
114,213 102,182 78 80 KRISS KR0SS* M BEAP 113,490 A91
114. 631 A90 79 86 MOTHER 8 BABY M Emap 113,225
104. 747 80 82 PUZZLE COMPENDIUM* Q BEAP 112,559 A91
112. 454 A 90
- r n n"7"y It was a year of landmark figures. Not only did Amiga
Format smash through the 160,000,000-reader mark, but Commodore
too came out with a major figure. It announced that 3,000,000
Amigas were in homes throughout the world. Then Philips made it
clear that it has produced 10,000,000 computer monitors. A
healthy market or what?
But inevitably it was our own sales figures that pleased us the most. We are now outselling well-known magazines like Q, What Car, Shoot, Sky Magazine, NME and Vox to name but a few. So computer mags are for spotty teenagers are they?
All of which goes to make Amiga Format not only Britain's best-selling computer magazine, but also the best-selling Amiga magazine in the world and the 51st best-selling magazine in Britain, full stop. What about that?
AND WHAT ABOUT US IN 1992?
1992 was a pretty big year for some of the members of the Amiga Format team, too.
This was especially true for both Tim and Marcus, who embarked upon a life of wedded bliss as they married their respective partners. Marcus married Amanda in the luxury of Caribbean sun-spot the Dominican Republic, while Tim and Linda tied the knot in the rain at Bath Registry Office.
Other excitements abounded for Gary, Neil, Pat, Karl and Damien who all moved house at some stage during the course of the year. And, of course, Sue and Nutts both joined the team, Sue moving across from Cardiff and Nutts down from Liverpool, Maff Evans went to work for a new music magazine, Frank Bartucca left twice, once for America and once because he should never have come back from America. And last, but by no means least, Karl released a CD - his second album.
THE YEAR IN BRIEF
• Palace Software, which has moved out of the Scala Cinema in
London’s scenic Kings Cross, starts talking about development
for CD-ROM. Little did it know that parent company, Palace
Pictures is doing far from thrillingly on the financial stakes
and will soon fold.
• The word ‘Not!’ (pronounced Naaaaaat!) Begins to crop up in the
language. Harry Enfield impressions are becoming unbearable.
• Apparently, Commodore is also to introduce the Power Up
discount scheme from the United States. This means that owners
of Commodore computers become eligible for discounts when
upgrading. At first this looks like an excellent deal until it
becomes clear that it will only be applicable to people
upgrading to the A3000.
• Amiga Format picks up on the fact the A600’s cartridge
capabilities could lead to games appearing on credit card sized
slips of silicon rather than on disks.
This could cut down on piracy, make the up until now useless PCMCIA slots on the machine worthwhile, and even bring the prices of games down. The idea sounds flawless.
ANNUAL 1993 PI AMIGA As with all flawless ideas, there is a major flaw: the software houses all want to wait and see whether not the other software houses will go for the idea first.
It appears that Commodore had not bothered to place any of the new machines with developers before launching it.
• Good news for CDTV is that ASDG is to release a version of Art
Department Professional for CDTV developers. This will support
the CDXL standard that enables the machine to run quarter-
screen full-motion video.
• Also on the way for CDTV (and the A570) is version two of
On-Line’s Pyscho Killer. On-Line’s boss Clem Chambers expresses
the wish to have the first X-rated CDTV titles in a self-con
fessed aim for publicity, so sex and violence will be high on
the list of priorities for future releases.
JULY The A600 receives marketing muscle from an unlikely source: Colin Curly of Quavers fame adds his substantial weight to the cause of the small, cheesey computer. Curly is also to feature in Push Over from Ocean.
• Amiga Format unearths the startling news that the 1500 and 2000
are to be replaced. With plans confirmed for new Amigas to
appear before the end of 1992, it seems fair to say that the
A2000 is for the chop. Rumours of the demise of the A3000 are
slightly exaggerated - it was merely a supply problem.
July is a month feared by computer journalists in the Northern Hemisphere.
Nothing happens.
Rom the makers of Pen Pal comes a brand new, unique WYSIWYG Word Processing package, that's simply the only choice for those who demand the most from their Amiga.
Final Copy II is not only the Amiga’s most powerful Word Processor with every feature you’d expect
- plus many more found normally in DTP packages - but also the
only Word Processor that gives superb - scaleable outline fonts
from any Amiga - even 1.3’s. Imagine outputting to your
printers highest resolution, with almost Postscript™ laser
perfection - no matter which printer you may have. Even with a
simple nine pin dot matrix you’ll get perfect printing* from
Final Copy' 20 smooth outline typefaces that are included!
Final C, Wwd*ocessorfor,h_. ’ ?
Wxxtlnc, kabscf With multiple newspaper style columns and integrated drawing tools - for boxes, borders, squares, lines at any angle, ovals, circles, anows etc., plus colour text, along with many other formatting tools - your documents will look and read just as you want them to.
Final Copy II includes a 110,000 word British- English Collins Proximity Spelling Detector & Corrector, to help typing errors become a thing of the past, along with an 826,000 synonym Thesaurus, for that extra inspiration.
Final Copy II is so easy to leam and use, that you’ll become an accomplished author in no time at all - but if you need extra help you’re not on your own as our support hotline is there for all UK version users. Look out for the UK logo on the box!
• • • Only £99.95 FROM ALL GOOD SOFTWARE DEALERS J ompatible
with... Amiga-A500 600 600HD 1500 2000 3000.
System requirements... min. of 1Mb. RAM and two Floppies or a Hard Disk Drive [A600HD requires at least 1.5Mb].
* Any Workbench supported graphic printer, colour or mono,
including... Citizen 120D, 124D, 224, Swift 9 24, 200 240; Star
LC10, 20, 200, 24-200, and XB Series; Canon BjlOex; HP
Ink Paintjet; Postscript™ devices and many more.
Inal Copy II encompasses a whole range of other advanced features, here's just a selection: ? Uses the latest Workbench 2 Style interface on all Amigas ? On screen command ribbon controls (format your document with the simple touch of a button) ? 25% to 400% editable page reduction and magnification command $ Title page, master pages & style sheets ? Right left pages with binding offset ? Open multiple documents ? Fast mouse document panning and zoom un-zoom ? External and internal mail merging Cut,copyandpaste4Searchandreplace40nscreenmaths Auto-hyphenation J rade Distribution by... ?
Import resize and crop IFF, HAM and 24Bit ELBM graphics and auto-flow text around them ? Text over graphics ? Outline fonts on all Amiga screens, and any non-Postscript™orPostscriptrMcompatibleprinter44pointupto300point r ’-’I • • • -...... i&y* rtV.
O* ? Centresoft IBD ? HB Marketing ? Leisuresoft ?
? Meridian Distribution ? SDL Prodis ?
Dealers... Please call Harwoods for your supply of leaflets and inclusion in the list of stockists we provide to customers.
United Kingdom version imported & supported by... [over 4" high] smooth text printing ? Text leading and spacing controls ? Condensed and expanded characters ? Positive o-‘ GORDON and negative obliquing ? Background printing, allowing simultaneous editing & printing of two or more documents ? Fast proof printing facility ? Comprehensive range of v additional attractive font volumes available.
E. &O.E. 'o& 1992 SHOULD HAVE been a watershed year in the fight
against software piracy - but it wasn’t.
Although many interested parties had voiced bewilderment and anger at the fact that no new legislation was passed in order to counter the threat of the pirates - or ‘thieves', as they are increasingly becoming known - the Government and the opposition parties seemed either unaware or unconcerned by the growing drain on the resources of one of the UK's strongest industries.
This apathy is matched only by that which the politicos showed to the rise in software prices and its effect on consumers, which is a direct result of the very same piracy. Why?
So, without the legislators to fall back on, we had to look to current laws, the good sense of software users and the initiative used by software houses and software writers.
One such company was Ocean which decided to follow the hardware route with the inclusion of ‘dongles' in its packaging for Robocop 3. These devices have been used and re-used as possible defences and for the most part they have been seen to fail.
Ocean also, inevitably took some criticism for putting the price of games up (Robocop 3 cost £35 although the Manchester firm maintained that the dongle had no bearing on this price.
GAMES LEGENDS: THE BIZARRE STORY OF PIRACY AND THE SPACE SHUTTLE Some games come hype, some games come with style, and some are preceded by legends. This year was the story of just such a myth. No one knows where these comes from, no one knows who the evil genius is behind them, but this one is a cracker.
Virgin were to bring out a Space Shuttle simulator. A legend arises amongst the hacks (journalists that is) that the copy protection for the game is one of the most original and potentially irritating ever conceived: if you get the type-in code wrong, you won’t be told, instead you will have to go through all the pre-flight checks - these could take up to two days.
Discussions occurred as to whether this was actually possible; whether or not some people would actually enjoy this kind of thing, and why on earth people had stared to believe this story after all. There were some other ideas for copy Space Shuttle from Virgin: in the fight against piracy, it was protection of this game, but they are fat too taste- believed that this game would pioneer the most radical copy pro- less to print here. Fection system to date.
Gary Bracey of Ocean tried dongles to foil the software pirates.
Industry and Amiga users combine to prevent the theft and stupidity... How we tried to stop the pirates and who are we to doubt its word?
Aside from this act of anti-piracy, we were once again treated to the same round of key disks, code wheels and passwords from manuals. Yet still the pirates carried on.
Another attempt to foil the fools was with CATS (Computerised Automatic Tracking of Software), which made its first - and to this writer's knowledge, last - appearance in the news pages.
The theory, basically, was that all software could be electronically fingerprinted so that copies made from an individual disks could be traced back to the originator; an innovative, but sadly flawed theory.
Meanwhile, a gentleman in his 20s (the media also picked up on the fact that he was unemployed) and known as ‘The Armchair Wizard' was convicted of software piracy and fined several hundred pounds.
Editors all over the country7 are hoping that FAST (the Federation Against Software Theft) has a good year and forces the government and police to take serious action against the pirates.
If this happens then the software houses will stop barking on about the high cost of software being justified by the amount of illegal disk copying, and the pirates will stop writing absurd letters under stupid pseudonyms trying to justify their actions as revolutionary, freedom- fighting attempts to secure liberty for all sad, spotty little youths who can't get a life.
If FAST is successful, the letters pages of magazines such as Amiga Format will at long last be freed up for sensible debate. But there is one more bis change on the horizon, and that’s the change that will come as a result of Cds taking over from floppy disks as the main storage medium.
Financially damaged by the massive amount of piracy on the Amiga, the software houses hate floppies.
And now, at last, they have an alternative with CD drives. Just as soon as they can, you can bet that the softies will be turning away from floppies, and CD will bring the final answer to the piracy problem.
THE YEAR IN BRIEF
• Hook is promoted by Ocean. The film is on the wrong end of the
American reviewers’ word processors, but the UK market is
looking forward to it. What would the game be like.
• Jaguar XJ220 asks the question: ‘Will you run out before the
throttle’. Strange really. Crazy Cars 3 goes for the negative
sell with: ‘The Jag’s a Drag and You Won’t Notice Lotus’.
• ‘Bad News for Hedgehogs’ declares the advert for Zool. What can
they mean?
• Happily for all of us, this is the month in which The Secret of
Monkey Island 2: Le Chuck’s Revenge is reviewed and raved over.
• Sensible Soccer sneaks in and causes some people to mumble
heretically ‘As good as, if not better than, Kick Off!’ A few
magazines even review Epic none too positively. This is a story
that really will run and run.
AUGUST What a month of rumour, speculation, the occasional bit of news, and the Olympics.
Weighing in is a real story, or rather two real stories: first of all Palace Software. Although it is independent from parent company Palace Pictures Palace Video, it appears that Palace Software is still liable for debts incurred by the larger concern.
• So where is the good news this month? It comes in the form of a
new pack from Commodore. The CDTV is finally released with
keyboard, external disk drive, a mouse and Workbench 3.1 disks.
This finally puts paid to any suggestions that the path of
‘consumer brown goods, put it in the sitting room and granny
will love it’ marketing that had been weighting the machine
down.
The pack, known as The Multimedia Home Computer Pack costs £600, that’s £100 more than a standalone CDTV.
ANNUAL 1993 But off the back of this comes the fact that Amiga owners are offered a trade-in deal by Commodore. The deal hinges on the fact that the A570 is still above £250 (and still not available). So, if you hand in your A500 or Plus, you get to buy a CDTV Multimedia Home Computer Pack for £400 and not £600. Does this mean the death of the A570?
• Looking on at all of this is a new top man at Commodore UK. The
solitary, taciturn, Steve Franklin, the man who had come up
with the idea of the Batman pack that solidified the Amiga’s
position as the UK’s favourite computer, is replaced by the
young and thrusting Kelly Sumner.
SEPTEMBER Kelly Sumner makes the announcement that many users had been fearing but expecting: the A2000 would be terminated in four months’ time. Rumours had In the year to come, what amazing news stories can we expect to see?
THE YEAR IN BRIEF been emanating from the US that a new machine is to take over from the 2000, and possibly even from the A3000.
• News reports were also beginning to come in from the first
major Commodore press conference of the new regime. The main
piece of news is that the long awaited A570 (remember when it
was called the A690 all those pages ago?) Is finally to go on
sale but not at the £269 price tag that everyone had been
expecting. The price tag for the drive is to be £349.99. This
price has a number of people rocking on their heels. But no
news is forthcoming about the A670 or whatever the A600’s
CD-ROM drive will be called.
• Amiga Format picks up on a story that has been staring everyone
in the face for a few months now: product placement. Games such
as Robocod, Pushover, and any of the film licences you care to
mention all have strong advertising links built-in.
As the computer game gradually takes over from the sadly unimaginative, highly derivative and nostalgia based pap that passes for mainstream pop, companies with products to sell have already started to look to the Amiga and Amiga games as excellent devices for selling product to captive audiences. Is this a good or bad idea?
18 OCTOBER Oh, well, Commodore goes and drops the price of the A600. Not just snipped, but crucified with a £100 drop. This comes as a shock to readers, writers and the people who have only just gone out and bought an A600 for £400.
ANNUAL 1993 (Hindsight Warning! In a later interview, Kelly Sumner does make it clear that since the price cut, A600s have been selling incredibly well - not much solace to the people who had bought them before the price cut.)
• Stuart ‘Psycho’ Pearce puts his name to a footy-game
compilation that doesn’t involve a game that features Basil
Bole nutting England’s left-back.
• The latest version of the Kindwords word processor is released
by the Disc Company. But it turns out to have been developed by
Diglta, the company that created Wordworth.
There is, however one major kicker in this story, and this is the fact that neither of the machines were actually made by Commodore. They never appeared, apparently because of legal problems with Commodore in the USA which must surely have taken exception to someone else appropriating Amiga technology.
As such the chances are that they will never see the light of day, which is shame, because portable Amiga- ing would make great sense. But - and this is a big but - there have consistently been rumours over the last six months that Commodore is working on a portable Amiga of its own. Which would certainly explain the reluctance to let anyone else work on one, and might even explain some aspects of the A600’s design (the wedge-shaped case, the IDE hard drive and so forth).
So will we see a portable Amiga in 1993? Well, Commodore isn’t saying, but you never know. Check out the ‘Amiga in America’ pages for another hint...
• Amiga Format leads with rumours of what will crop up in the
inevitable A600 Christmas pack. With no obvious film or TV
licences doing the rounds, we pick up on Myth, Zool and Epic.
(Hindsight Warning! We were wrong with Zool; wrong and slightly bemused because no matter how you cut it, Zool is a better game than either).
What THAT’S 1992 WELL wrapped up in terms of news. Of course, more events took place than could be included in this brief round-up.
Was refreshing (especially if you’d been brought up on traditional computer telly fare).
So, what do the news Gurus see happening next year?
66 By the end of the year, in time for Christmas, we'li see the release of a new, CD-driven Amiga with no floppy drive99 For the most part, the bulk of this year’s news was, when you look back at it, predictable.
We all knew that the 512k, Workbench 1.3-equipped A500 was for the chop; we all knew that CDTV would have to be sold in a radically new way if it was ever going to make any impact; we could all have had a good guess at GVP coming up with great products, with a few software houses folding and a few others going from strength to strength.
But there were a few changes that none of us could have foreseen: Steve Franklin leaving the MD’s chair at Commodore was a shock; the A600 was a surprise following so quickly from the A500 Plus; the A570 not coming out at the sub-£200 mark was a let-down, and the fact that television show GamesMaster was such a hit Predictions time CD will be big in 1993, and is set fair to be the main theme, but it won’t happen by magic - what Commodore needs is to get a lot of CD-driven THE SAME OLD STORY Aghhh, what would the computer industry be without disk shortages? And where would news pages be without
this vile classic story? Even if this is much akin to the car industry having a shortage of tyres, or the sporting industry having a shortage of balls, the feeling of depressing inevitability is still the same.
Yes, in 1992 we ran out of disks. We had trouble buying enough to duplicate our 580,000 disks per month for the magazine. Now you can bet that if computers ran on Cds we wouldn’t hear this sad story every single year. And doesn’t all this make you wonder why the prices of disks are never as low as you think they should be?
Is the Amiga on the move?
One of the most fascinating news stories of the year turned out not to be true. But it may turn out to be true after all. Fancy a portable Amiga, anyone?
Do you recall the story of the Amigas that weren’t?
Not many people picked up on this story, which is strange because it does show how much interest the Amiga has engendered in third party developers; and not merely on the peripherals side.
Rumours of Amiga portables were being bandied around the press. “About time too”, we all said in the pubside editorial meetings. It seems the Model 10 and Model 20 machines were to be shown off or had been shown off in America, and the firm that ‘engineered them from the ground up' was ready to put them on sale.
The former was 68000 based, while the latter was to be a 68030 machine. Both of them were said to exhibit all the best characteristics of the normal, run-of-the-mill standalone and deskbound Amigas.
Amigas out there first. To this end, the first two obvious points to look for will be a drop in the price of the A570 to nearer the £200 mark that most Amiga users see as predictable and desirable, and the launch of the A670 for the A600 at a similarly low price.
At round about the same time, we would expect to see the launch of Microcosm, the CD game from Psygnosis, and this should pave the way for an increasing number of CD- only titles until a big, console-style game like Zool becomes available on CD only. We’re also likely to see a range of budget Cds appear at about £10 in price.
By the end of the year, in time for Christmas 1993, we'll see the release of a new CD-driven Amiga with no floppy drive as standard and with the double-A chip set.
Earlier in the year will see the final release of the A800, a 68020-based machine with the AA chips, 32-bit architecture throughout and 2Mb of RAM, possibly at a bargain price under £500 to compete with Atari’s recent Falcon machine.
We’ll see many more PCMCIA expansions, including a PC emulator, the A670, RAM cards, disk drives and eventually we’ll start seeing some utilities software on credit card ROM.
Long term, apart from the CD- based machine for Xmas 1993, we’ll see true-colour framebuffers built in on the A5000, a new 16-bit sound chip, and FMV as the big moves.
V .-.I..... iIIL TKm 1 11 M i i 111W TlBu] BEHHSB83BB 1 ffiSBBfflBaBBi Whether you are looking to buy your FIRST Amiga, upgrade to a NEWER model or add to your existing system, Merlin Express have got the product for you.
With truly competitive prices plus Merlins' expert advice and service, why not give us a call? Remember with all Amiga 600 computers you get a full 1 Year IN-HOME warranty plus an advice helpdesk that are only a phone call away! In the rare event that a fault occurs an engineer will call at your home to sort out the problem free!
With Merlin Express you automatically receive the following with every Amiga pack... TV Modulator [allowing your own TV as a display] Mouse User Manuals Connecting Leads Operating System Disks flmloa Welcome Pack j Amiga A600 package with 3.5" floppy disk drive and the following great software [whilst stocks last]... Deluxe Paint III - Paint Package F F fi II ; Commodore 'Mystery Game' I. ii |l I l» I (l I 1L!
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Designed and Programmed by Incentive Software © 1992 Dimension International Ltd. IBM PC Screenshots Domark Software Ltd., Ferry House, 51 -57 Lacy Road, Putney, London SW15 1PR NOBODY KNOWS COMMODORE UK better than Kelly Sumner. He joined as a bench engineer and now he’s the managing director.
Over the year we’ve had reason to speak to him many times about how Commodore is doing at what the company’s plans are.
So let’s hear what the man behind the company behind the Amiga in the UK has to say... On starting out at Commodore: “I joined Commodore on June 11, 1979 because they were offering training as an electronics engineer,” reflects Kelly. “I was a bench engineer on a line. Most of our business was calculators, watches and chess games, things like that. When the VIC 20 came along, I was sole engineer on that.” On asking the worldwide boss of Commodore for a better job: “For a snivelly little service engineer to go to the MD and say ‘I want another job or I’m leaving the company’, that was quite
something at the time.” On joining the Amiga 1000 sales team when it was launched: “It was tough, very tough. I can’t say it was the most successful product ever. Selling for about £1,500 as a single drive and £1,700 with two floppies. But it was a heck of a machine.
We probably sold about 14,000 in a year.” On his rise to boss of the UK operation: “Three years ago I was just a sales person in the company and either I’ve been very lucky or I’ve stabbed a lot of people in the back along the way! Basically I’ve got where I am through two things: hard work and common sense. I’m certainly not the best educated person. In fact, I’ve only got GCSEs.” On the significance of the new boss coming from the consumer, rather than business, side of the firm: “Commodore has always been in mass- merchant consumer electronics. We will never, ever be an IBM. But we’re
very good at producing cost-effective kit and selling it in large volumes, and that basically means consumer products. The core of the company is retail.” On how the Amiga ‘got where it is today’: “As my predecessor [former MD Stever Franklin] would say, it had the ‘Wow!’ factor.
Graphically and soundwise, it was years ahead of its time. Then the quality and depth of support, whether it be software or hardware, made it a hit with the techno people. They started saying how wonderful it was and it started being bought by the masses.” On the Amiga being the top machine: “It’s on such a roll now, it will be very hard to stop. We’re selling in excess of 300,000 Amigas every year now, and we’re selling it to dedicated people who are spending 3 or 4 times as much as people buying a Sega or Nintendo, and they’ve got a very good rationale for doing that. The Amiga
effectively grows with them. The machine is so open, you can do what you like with it.” his own words Pictured in the board room at Commodore UK's Maidenhead HQ, Kelly Sumner presents a friendly face to the nation's press.
21 no O O s Kelly Sumner is MD of Commodore UK, the company that brought you the Amiga. So who better to ask about the past, the present and the future of the Amiga? Tim Smith asks the hard questions... On how long can the Amiga last: than its competition, but is compatible backwards. If we bring out an Amiga 9000 tomorrow, a guy with 500 software should be able to run it. You don't want to throw away everything you've collected."
On whether the A600 was tailored specifically for Europe: "There are two types of development. You have a chip development, which is led by the Americans. They're the guys who suss out the base of the machine. Then thev come alons to J c European meetings, and they say, ‘We've got this wonderful chip set: what do we need to build around it? What memory, what interfaces. What kind of casework', and so on. Then it gets put together.
“Something like 85 per cent of Commodore's business is done in Europe, so it would be wrong not to listen to what Europe has to say.” I "Over the last year or two we’ve been getting the range right by bringing in new chip sets, new machines, new technologies, and that's just the start. There's no reason why the Amiga should ever stop. You may not see it in the base format,
* There's always turbulent waters when you have to change,
especially something like the 500 which was loved by literally
millions99 as the 500 or 500, but who knows what we're going to
have in 10 years' time?” On loyalty to existing users: “The
whole idea of the Amiga is to have a product that is
graphically and soundwise better On how the new A600 has been
greeted by the public: “There's always turbulent waters when
you have a change, especially something like the A500 which was
loved by literally millions, but the sales certainly show that
the 600 is picking up and accelerating through the summer,
which is something you don't often see."
On sales of the A600 after the price cut from £399 to £299: “The price went down and I was envisaging a two, mavbe three-and-a-half fold increase in sales. What happened in the first week was that we got just over a four-fold increase in sales.
We thought ‘great, four-fold increase', but it's going to settle down. What's actually happened subsequently is that each week it's grown. Not hugely - last week's growth was 7 per cent - but it's now nearer a four-and-a-half-fold increase on sales since we dropped the price."
On reaction by the dealers to the A600: “We were talking to NASCR [National Association of Computer Retailers]; we were talking about the price drop and a lot of the guys are successfully switch-selling from CHANGE AT THE TOP IN '92 AND WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT... 1992 saw a big change in Commodore UK. It was a change in style, a change in the way that the company dealt with the press, even a change in the way that it dealt with the public.
22 August 1992 saw the top spot at Commodore UK altered radically. Steve Franklin, the man who had consolidated the Amiga’s position as the nation’s favourite home computer, with marketing moves such as the famous Batman pack, was moved to take on a new role as CDTV marketing guru for Europe. The man taking his place was Kelly Sumner.
ANNUAL 1993 The two characters could not really have been more different: Franklin - a taciturn individualist, notoriously unavailable for comment to the waiting hordes of hacks, an individualist who doesn’t suffer fools. Not much was ever known about Franklin’s home life, but a great deal was known about the power of his tongue and the force of his invective. Franklin is reputed to have a fearsome temper - and if he doesn’t, the threat of it is enough to make a great number of people wary of crossing him. Mds past and present ¦ One of Franklin’s biggest take up Franklin's seat
achievements was convincing computer dealers around the country that the Amiga was a force to be reckoned with rather than simply a very good games machine. With Atari’s ST computer falling by the wayside rapidly as the 1990s progressed, it would have been very easy for dealers to tar the Amiga with the same brush. Franklin managed Commodore’s marketing initiatives to the extent that this never happened.
In fact, the theory in operation under his reign was that you kept the Amiga priced above the opposition so that it would not just be, but also look like, the best machine. Although this worked well for a while, towards the end of his tenancy some voices were raised in criticism.
Nintendo and Sega to Amiga. Basically they’re saying ‘Yeah it’s £100 and a bit more, but do you realise how much more a Sega Nintendo cartridge is? Do you realise how much Amiga software is?’ “And to quote Dale Bradford [an independent dealer and a regular columnist for trade paper Computer Trade Weekly], “They're ejaculating themselves off the shelves”. It certainly seems to be working. It’s too early to say what that means to the overall picture of the year. It certainly means we’ll achieve the 300,000 mark we’ve been forecasting.” On making the Amiga in the UK for the first time ever:
“We are now producing the A600 in in Scotland. When I say ‘producing’, I don't mean assembling, I mean actual production from the board layer up. So the chips and the plastic moulding are made in the UK. All the product for the UK pre-Christmas will be built in Irving in Scotland, and we export a significant number of Amigas to Europe so we will be a net exporter of Amigas this fiscal year.
“It’s also created, or rather secured, 200 jobs in Scotland. It is not Commodore UK, it’s Sumner - a more affable team leader. He has been working for Commodore since 1979, when he joined simply because the company was offering training for an electronics engineers. By his own admission, Sumner is not the most academically advanced man in the world - he only has CSEs to his name. But what he does have is a firm knowledge of the Amiga.
One of his first jobs was as an engineer on the VIC 20. He then moved on to the C64, before moving over to sales on the new Amiga 1000. The grand- daddy of the Amiga family was not a fast seller, and it was a relief to Sumner when he was moved on to the sales team, whose task it was to sell the Amiga 500.
He quickly moved up to sales manager, and then eventually to the managing director’s chair.
The first two moves made by Sumner were enough to have made him a controversial figure for the rest of his tenure.
First he decided to hold regular press conferences in stark contrast to Franklin’s ‘Fortress Maidenhead’ policy.
Second, and perhaps even more of a shock, Sumner dropped the price of the base- level Amiga. Which all goes to show that changes in the management at Commodore do affect you, the Amiga owner. It is not simply a case of corporate machinations occurring behind closed doors.
- Sumner (left) prepares to of power.
Both Kelly Sumner and Steve Franklin are ‘hands- on’ managers. Both are well aware that the Amiga is undoubtedly the flagship of the Commodore range - 3,000,000 machines in use worldwide and approximately 1,000,000 Amigas in the United Kingdom alone vouch for this fact.
Any moves that Kelly Sumner makes regarding the Amiga will undoubtedly affect you - the same applies to Steve Franklin and the CDTV project. So next time you hear either name mentioned, you will know to take notice of what they have to say... an associate company called SCI. And it’s our intention to produce all Amigas in Scotland whether they be high-end or low-end. This is basically endorsing our belief in what the UK Amiga market’s going to be and what it is at the moment. It’s not easy, it’s not cheap to set up a production plant - we believe it’s going to be a good market.” On whether
building machines in Scotland will affect the price: “Instead of having to rely on shipments from the Far East, now we make them in the UK which is much, much quicker. We have been planning the price drop for a couple of months and we knew that we could be producing in the UK and this was factored into the [new] price. What it means is that we can get the machines on to the market more quickly.” On the new Amiga packs: “The A600, Wild, the Weird and the Wicked. This pack was available in the shops in October priced at £349.99. It’s a direct replacement for Cartoon Classics. It has in there
Pushover from Ocean, Putty from System 3, DeluxePaint III, obviously, from Electronic Arts, and Microprose Grand Prix.
“There are details of how to fit everything on the back. Even though the failure rates on A600s are far less than A500s we’ve even put quick connect guides in there.
“We also have the A600 HD pack. You have in there Epic from Ocean, Rome from Millennium, Myth from System 3 and DeluxePaint III from Electronic Arts. Slightly different, this is the dual-sided pack with the Amiga Language Lab on the back.
“This contains Trivial Pursuit in three languages, German, English and French, a multi-lingual dictionary to help you out if you don’t really understand French or German, and AmigaText which is a basic word processor.
This again will be available in October and will retail at £499.99 so there is no change in price. These packs will run us through next year as well. I can’t see any change. This is it.” On criticism of the game Epic: “Basically all our packs are put together in January. We went with Epic basically because Ocean said it was going to be the best thing since sliced bread.
“All the software in all the packs is tested by us. So if you look at Epic, that will go through and be tested on all the different types of A600, though in fact there’s only one at the present moment. ” “When we put the packs together, we realised that we had no big blockbusters like Batman or Bart Simpson, so we decided to go for products that were either visually effective or were bloody good to play. We believe we’ve got the right mix here.” “Epic is visually a very impressive game.
What it’s doing is giving the individual an idea of the type of software available for the machine. I’m not a games player but my guys say it’s OK. I saw it about a year ago and thought it was amazing.
“At the end of the day you’re buying Hds out there for £499, you’re getting seven pieces of software for nothing, so you can throw the Epic away if you want. You're still getting Rome and Myth which are both impressive”.
On whether Commodore has considered a Sonic or Mario character for the Amiga: “Yes. There are a number of options we're looking at that lend themselves to that kind of exposure. But it won't necessarily be at Christmas, it may be a little bit after. We have looked at product that we can hang our hat on and say ‘that is a quality product’ and not just today, but as the development of the Amiga progresses we can upgrade the software to show the new qualities of what we're trying to bring to the market very easily. So if we were to launch an Amiga 5000, something could come out on the 5000 at
launch and they could say, ‘Wow! Yeah, I can understand that!’”.
On availability of A600s outside the packs: “We will still make the single-drive, standalone option available but we will limit it dramatically. It's better for us to sell packs than £299 products. Don’t be surprised if your readers find it difficult to buy £299 Amigas.” On value in the A600: “In real terms, the 600 offers people everything. And in time will offer them more than the 500 ever did. Look at things like surface-mount technology, and people say ‘That doesn’t mean a lot to me', but it does if the machine goes faulty on them.
“I got the reports of the first three months of failures. Now, at a conservative figure, the 500 range was probably 8.5 per cent failure rate.
The 600 at the moment is running at less than one per cent. Not only that, but even if it does go wrong you don't have the hassle of sending it back. That has got to be a leap forward.” On the PCMCIA ‘credit card’ or ‘smart card’ slot: “Obviously times change. The PC bus is now the standard, and will be increasingly the standard, for expansion on a number of different machines, not just the Amiga.” “Our idea is, if you buy the 600 and you want a hard disk, you get it on a PC slot, the size of a credit card, 20Mb, 40Mb. 60Mb, whatever you like, plug it in, there's your hard drive. You don't
have to open up the machine you don't have to bolt on this big, expensive device. And if you want to go down to your mate's and play games off the hard disk, or use utilities off the hard disk, that's all you need, the card. You can just put it in your top pocket and away you go.” “Prices at the moment are not particularly competitive - as with anything, on introduction people think that they can get more for it than it is actually worth - but you are going to see prices fall dramatically over the next three or four months. Anything that can be done on the DMA bus, I am told, can be done on
the PC bus - so if you take any of the third-party peripherals, they can be done on the PC bus, there is no doubt about that. When we launch the A670. That will be proved. Amiga users will have a much wider range, and a much more cost-effective range.” On why none of the software in the A600 packs is on ‘smart cards’: “They're expensive. And when Fujitsu and Mitsubishi and all these guys get their acts together and realise that they're over-priced, we may well do something. The other thing is that the lead time on production of smart cards is 12 weeks - if there’s a peak of sales, we can't
turn them round quickly enough.” On w hy CD is the medium of the future for software publishers: “If you look at the price of a Sega or Nintendo cartridge, it's very expensive. Any cartridge is always going to be more expensive, and also it has a longer lead time. You can press a CD in 48 hours, but a ROM cartridge takes three months. And there are lots of implications as far as cashflow in companies is concerned. I'm not saying people won't bring out games on cartridges, but CD is the way we'd like to steer it.
“We'd like to have inexpensive software, and the only way you are going to do that is by having a relatively inexpensive format and to be able to sell mass, so that means CD with no piracy. Disk software could sell cheaper, but they're unwilling to do that because of piracy.
Cartridges can't be sold any cheaper.” On the price of software on CD: “Our ambition is to make it viable for software houses to sell quality software at £20 or below. We would like to 2et nearer the music CD price. A CD. To press, with a case with an inlay, is a couple of pounds. Put that against a cartridge which costs maybe 10 pounds... And quite frankly, you’re limited in what you can do with a cartridge. Some of the stuff we've got coming out for CDTV at Christmas, you'd have to have a £300-£400 cartridge.” Chelsea FC, sponsored by Commodore. "I was hoping to change the name on their
shirts to Amiga this season" Kelly Sumner told Amiga Formal; "but there wasn't time. We'll definitely do it next year."
It's an indication of the faith Commodore have in the Amiga.
On software publishers supporting the Compact Disc Amiga: “Most publishers are producing software for
* We are now producing the A600 in Scotland, When I say
'producing', I don't mean assembling, I mean actual production
from the board layer up99 CD that will run on 570. CDTV, 670.
Or whatever you have. I think that over the next six months
you will see that happening from most of the major software
houses - I can't say all of them, but most of them. And I think
probably after Christmas you will see product coming out on CD
and not coming out on floppy disk.
Because there will be enough Cds there to make it worth their while. And if you asked me to prophesy, I'd say the floppy disk market will be dead inside three years.” On potential sales of the A570: “It isn't just a CD machine, it’s an expansion for hard disk and memory too. You could say [sales will be] anything from 10,000 to
50. 000 in the first six months, up to Christmas.
I would say that we would confidently expect to sell in the 20.000 to 30.000 region.” “This is really designed for the 1.3 owners and there’s something like 500-600.000 of them, so if only 10% upgrade that’s 60.000. It's not the product for 1.2 owners. It's 1.3 minimum and 1Mb of fast RAM. So the 1.2 owner is best to trade in for the CDTV.” 23 no O O § On when the A670 might arrive: “I would be disappointed if we didn't see it pre-Christmas.” On whether CDTV discs have been too expensive: “Yes. We will introduce a range in the not- too-distant future. I would suggest starting at £9.99. We
will have a budget range. But the big ones are still going to be 35 quid or whatever, because the developer has to make money back. CDTV titles are expensive to develop. Some of the older titles will find their way to £9.99 very quickly.
“The idea is that as we get more Cds out there, we will be able to start selling [new titles] cheaper than we would 3.5-inch games.
On CD as a piracy solution: “The reason that they [software houses] say they have to charge £24.99 or £34.99 is because of the piracy problem and they just don't get the return. But using a CD, there is so Sm» much code there that if someone wants to pirate the disk it will cost them more to buy the blanks than it will for them to buy the original.
And that's the only way we are going to stamp out piracy.
“So. If a game was £19.99 and it takes 40 disks to copy, it's not worth it for a pirate, he might as well go and buy the original. OK COMMODORE fT~ so he might get a kick out of it, but it’s a pretty expensive kick - and he’d get a very sore wrist from putting the disks in and out.” On the potential of CD games: “We believe that the long-term future of this industry is based in CD. The games are getting bigger and the cost of goods is getting more expensive. They’ve got to go to CD."
On the first major CDTV title, Microcosm: “They’ve been working on it for 18 months. Microcosm is a Commodore-owned product, and Pysgnosis are producing it on our behalf. We are funding it. If you were to play that game from start to finish, that would be about three hours of continuous gameplay.
And that will be a product that will be along very soon.” On rumours of a PC emulator for the A600: “We've also sot a new bridseboard coming out. To start off with this will be on the 2000, 3000, 1500 machines and that will be a 386SX 25 bridgeboard with 2Mb of RAM on board which can be configured for the Amiga or for the PC side. It will priced around the £250 mark.
“It is currently envisaged that we will be looking to do something similar for the A600, but I suggest that we will do this at a different price point.” On competitors: Atari and the new Falcon home computer: 24 “We don’t see them as competition. At the end of the day, their success will benefit everyone in this room, because competition is good for the market. But in my personal view, I don’t think it will be a success.” ANNUAL 1993 On competitors: Philips and the new CD- Iinteractive machine: “I don't see CD-I as a threat" On the apparent failure of the ‘interactive television’ concept: “We
weren't involved in any of the development of CDTV technology, that was all done in America. We were taking the lead from the corporate company. And there was a corporate stance of: This is how you sell it, this is how you promote it, this is the way forward, don’t do this, don't do that.’ So that’s what we did.
“But after six or eight months we basically turned around and said: ‘You don't know what you’re talking about, it ain't going to go anywhere. And if it does go anywhere you're going to have to spend so much money that it isn’t worth doing, so we're going to call it the Amiga CDTV. We're going to produce a package with disk drives and such like, and we're going to promote it like that, people can understand that and you don’t have to spend so much money’.
“And that’s obviously working. You've got the Multimedia Pack [CDTV with keyboard and disk drive] now in the UK, Germany.
France, Italy - the whole of Europe. And where it is head-to-head with CD-I. I would suggest it's probably outselling it somewhere in the region of five or six to one. That's based on what Comet and Dixons told me. We're certainly outselling it.
You'll see those people joining other technology groups, and bringing out something else, a total jump over CD-I. ” On more new Amigas: “An Amiga chip set takes much longer to develop than any other chip set. We have a group of people, and all they do all day long is refine and develop the chip sets, until it gets to a stage where we need one. We're continually doing that.” “There will be a new high-range Amiga in the September-October timeframe [the A4000]. There's no question about that. Higher than the A3000. We’ve just repositioned the A3000. Because we think it was specced too high.
We've effectively halved the price.
And there will be a number of new machines in the next year to eighteen months.” “The great thing is that now CD-I is out there, people can actually judge which one is the better system. I believe that our software was pretty poor to start with. We are now getting some decent software and we’ve got more software and better software waiting to come through than CD-I has.
“The future of CD will not be CD-I versus CDTV. I don’t believe that CD-I will work, I believe that Philips will pack their bags up.
And the other guys (Sony, Panasonic) will only come on board when they see there’s a market there.
And until Philips sell a significant number of players - and I would say that means
200. 000-300.000 at least - Sony are not going to invest a whole
chunk of money in something that's going nowhere quickly.
I think Ctj On with the rest of the annual... 1992 - A
NEVER-ENDING SUMNER A LETTER FROM KELLY TO YOU Commodore
Dear Amiga Format reader since its larnidh! W±U
06 remeir!DereG as the most important year for the Amiga me
year Slarued uneasily as we receivpd p lot* r- -¦
• , . , - -ece.vea a _Ou. Oj_ ilax m the media over the Amiaa 500
Pluq'q r;«Mcno°n«Se. V.;”us;ainedalo:°f ¦¦¦*• Tr:;T:r-£C -
Y«r by asking ridiculous questions about whether we ; are now
tota11 e Product. E ally, predictions that we could . :
:.....emiCSC Stron9 petition from console manufacturers have
proved arourdiess and' = 2 “ people have bought Anigas
than e er ££ buL try o.ggest memory or 1992, apart from try
promotion, is that this year saw the start o1' 'the CD . 2 £a-a
r«“on. Car. Tell, because every single week more COIVs are
boua’nt -2222 SS “U“ ” r™ - « «. Vtemiiv The quality of
software has improved dramatically in 19S2 and for the first
time we are close to fVlng 3 Lli-le Ior 0i'V tnat v;ili -define
computer entertainment. That title - Microcosm -r$ " ? 2 W93.
Its availability should' in'wit S * 0's release da.e - rurtner
details on that product will fellow soon.
. 2s 2; aS,S0ftware tha: : would iike :c see tot the Amiga is concerned, it already exist* f0r the
- SaS : Pri°rity is “ ** as -ch a's slbie' in Amiga'iOGO. ”°
Capitali8e on the ®t«nains new AA chipset found in the .JIT,
2-e2nt? Min, Citron is to dominate the field of multimedia,
through products iike we will ensure thaTi- r&memDer that
MIGA is a technology, not a product, and
- *SUre LnSL lL remains the Smartest' fastest option for years to
come - just watch this space!
Yours Sincerely Kelly Sumner Managing Director, Commodore UK October 12th 1992 Reg. Office: Commodore Business Machines (CK, Limited. Commodore House. The Switchback, Gardner Road. Maidenhead,, Berks SL67XA Telephone: Maidenhead (0628) 770088 Fax No. (0628) 71456 Telex: 846057 CBMUKL G Within tj - - =“,-L weeks you'll be rrgT'fiH Hi Bill BliHTTT reading I m rrr rrl mi rrl ml r music... | and playing better than you ever thought possible Record, overlay and mix your own creations in The Miracle's 8 track studio.
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Complete Miracle System a is ready to install in under 5 minutes and costs MINDSCAPE Mindscape International Ltd, Priority House, Charles Avenue, Burgess Hill, West Sussex, RH15 9PQ Tel: 0444 872234 Fax: 0444 248996 The new PCMCIA slot in the Amiga A600
- does it herald a revolution in data storage, or is it an
evolutionary dead-end?
Jason Holborn investigates the future of Commodore's ground-breaking step... AMIGA FORMAT WM ANNUAL 1993 PCMCIA cards come in four flavours: Static RAM cards, for memory expansion; SRAM cards with peripheral functionality', a big way of saying adding extra hardware like hard drives and modems; Flash EPROM cards, which are read-write and therefore an alternative to floppies; and ROM cards, which would be used for supplying software, like the cartridges used by game consoles.
Cards can now act as a mediator between the host computer and hardware devices such as LAN networks, hard drives and modems.
What's more, because the cards follow- an industry standard, any hardware that connects to a computer via the slot can be used on any machine that supports PCMCIA cards. This is great news for hardware manufacturers - all they have to do is to write driver software for for a PC, for example). Of course there are limitations. After all. There's no point connecting a ROM card containing PC software to an A600 - though the A600 will recognise the files on the card (protocols and storage formats are the same on all PCM cards), it won't be able to use them.
“ It's unlikely that you'll see games appearing on PCM because they would probably cost double what a game does currently,» Other advantages of PCMCIA cards are data portability and their physical size. Using a Flash EPROM card, it's possible to copy on to it a selection of word-processor files prepared on the Amiga, disconnect the card, plug it into a PC and pull the files into a program like Word for Windows. As you can see. The days of faffing with incompatible disk formats are drawing to an end. Plus PCMCIA cards have a strong casing, so you can carry up to 4Mb of data around in your
inside jacket pocket secure in the knowledge that it is safe.
Expansion is another very important aspect of the PCM card. With the release of the PCMCIA standard version 2, IC Memory WITH THE A500 Plus now dead and buried (but not forgotten), the arrival of the A600 has been seen by many as an anti-climax. With the standards of PC. Mac and even Atari computer technology advancing, many industry speculators saw the release of the A600 as more of a step backwards for the Amiga.
The majority of criticisms were levelled at the machine's potential for expansion.
Expecting to find the same 86-pin bus connector as the A500 series, many so-called industry expens condemned the 600 before it had a chance to prove itself. This port proved to be such an important aspect of the A500 that it seemed only natural that its omission was a big mistake. How were users to add extra RAM. What about devices such as the A570 CD-ROM drive and the numerous SCSI hard drives which rely on this connector?
To an extent, the criticisms were founded on good, solid reasoning, but one aspect of the machine that was overlooked was a little slot on the left-hand side of the machine. This obscure-looking beast may not look as impressive as the 86-pin connector of old, but its potential is unlimited. It delivers full compatibility with the standards laid down by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA), a group of highbrow representatives from such companies as DuPont Electronics. NEC, Toshiba. Motorola, Zenith and now Commodore.
So what’s all the fuss about? Well what makes PCMCIA so special is the sort of applications the port opens up to the average Amiga user courtesy of the PCM card. It looks fairly similar to your average credit card, and can be used for a number of different applications ranging from simple expansion of the Amiga's system RAM to hardware expansion and even 'software on a card'.
But why not stick with the existing DRAM and SIMM chips that are in common use on the Amiga? The answer is simple - compatibility with other machines. Because PCMCIA is based on a w ell-established standard, any IC Memory card that conforms to the PCMCIA guidelines can be used on the Amiga regardless of whether it was meant for the Amiga or not (you could use a PCM memory expansion 256KB the host machine and the hardware itself remains generic, cutting down on manufacturing and development costs.
ROM cards are another exciting development. These work in a similar way to the game cartridges that are used on consoles. Because the game is effectively already held in RAM.
As soon as it is connected to the host machine the same becomes available. No more waitins for games to load. ROM cards don't just benefit the home user though - it's very difficult to w J copy ROM card software. Although professional pirates will be get around this, it'll stop ¦playground piracy' that is rife on the Amiga.
What are the drawbacks to PCMCIA then?
Well for starters it's such a new development that the cards are still very expensive, so you won't see games appearing on PCM cards for a some time, if ever. Most people don't mind paying £25 for a game these days, but PCM- based games would probably cost more than double that - it would have to be an impressive title to justify that sort of price tag.
It's unlikely too that you'll see Amiga developers such as GVP producing add-ons which use the PCM slot. When I spoke to Andy Leaning at Silica Systems (GVP's official UK distributor), he confirmed that GVP is looking into the possibility of supporting the PCM slot, but it's unlikely a product will appear unless the market is large enough to support substantial sales. This is a view shared by Amiga developers: what's the point in supporting PCMCIA when the development costs are so high yet the market is so small?
At the end of the day the PC market will decide the fate of PCMCIA. The PC market is larger than the Amiga market, so sales of PCM cards to PC users will dictate any future price adjustments. Although the Amiga market is still important, it's still regarded as small-time
- especially considering that currently only a single model of
Amiga can use the cards.
So surely it would make sense for Commodore to build PCM card support into future Amigas and to provide an adaptor which would enable the cards to be used on a standard Amiga. Yes. But Commodore has never been renowned for spotting the obvious. The new A4000 doesn't have a PCM slot, although
- in Commodore's defence - the company has pointed out that it
could easily release a PCM adaptor for the A1500 2000 3000 4000
series of machines. All very well, but what about A500 users?
With 95 per cent of the UK Amiga market dominated by this
successful machine, you'd still only have a user base of The
PCM slot in the side of the A600 is more or less exactly the
width of a credit card, and the cards are a very similar size
to a credit card, although they are a good deal thicker; about
3mm deep.
Five per cent if every A1500. A2000 and A3000 user bought the adaptor. But it’s worth bearing in mind that a PCMCIA adaptor could also feasibly be created to attach to the edge connector on the Amiga 500.
Developers are miffed with Commodore over PCMCIA. Many want them to provide incentives to develop PCM products - low- cost blank cards for example. Commodore has hardly shown interest in promoting PCM cards either - the A600 manuals don't even mention the existence of the PCMCIA port.
Commodore has admitted it doesn't expect to see games on PCM cards, because of the cost - the company believes CD is the medium for games. It seems a shame, then, that the only Amiga to date to feature PCMCIA is the base-level, game-playing A600 that was designed to see off the consoles.
But there is light at the end of the tunnel. If PCMCIA is introduced consistently across the Amiga range, it could be that it will take off.
Miniature, portable modems. RAM expansions. Read-write flash EPROM cards and even hard disks will be developed for the PC market and will easily be ported over to the Amiga.
Eventually, as prices fall, more and more expansions will become available to Amiga owners and at lower and lower prices.
Eventually, productivity software like word processors and graphics programs will be sold on card rather than on disk.
27 rn o 0s $ This vision of a rosy future relies on just one thing: that Commodore has backed the right horse. If the gamble on this particular standard pays off. We'll be laughing.
A WORD FROM THE DEVELOPERS “From a games programmer’s point of view, PCMCIA cards are the perfect medium for developing software - I’ve already got Lemmings up and running on a PCM card. Much like cartridge-based systems, they give you instant access and they are therefore far easier to develop for, simply because you just don’t have to keep messing around with disk routines.
“At the moment, though, the only real problem with them is their incredibly high price - if this was to drop quite substantially, then we would definitely start developing products like Lemmings 2 on PCM cards.” Dave Jones, programmer of Lemmings “As far as we’re concerned, the PCM slot is a long- overdue replacement for the 86-pin A500 Bus connector. I certainly hope that it will be incorporated into all of Commodore’s new Amigas. If this were the case, it would allow peripherals to be generic across the entire range of machines, reducing development and manufacturing costs.
“I don’t think it’s the answer for games, though - PCM still doesn’t offer total security against software piracy. The plague of piracy that is sweeping the console markets at the moment demonstrates this all too well.” Jolyon Ralph, CDTV developer for Almathera Systems “The PCM slot is a smart move from Commodore, although the success of PCM isn’t really in their hands. The Amiga marketplace is undoubtedly very important, but it is in fact the larger PC market that will dictate how successful the PCM standard is. Several of the companies that we represent are looking into PCM and the A600,
although it’s still too early to say exactly whether we’ll see PCM products appearing.” Andy Leaning, Silica Systems “I personally don’t think that PCMCIA cards will affect the market dramatically. Systems like PCM have been tried before, but they never succeed.
We’d like to move away from floppies for our serious software, but PCM isn’t the answer simply because of its cost.
“Because of the very nature of serious software, developers would still have to resort to floppies if they wished to provide the end user with upgrades to products. At the moment, floppies are the only affordable answer. If Commodore wants developers to develop PCM products, then they should at least provide some form of incentive.” David Link, HiSoft “The PCM slot is a nice idea, but it’s just too late for the Amiga market. Producing games software on PCM card is just too expensive at the moment.
Not only that, but PCM still doesn’t provide total protection against piracy. Take the console market, for example. Cracking teams have already managed to crack games on the MegaDrive and the GameBoy - I know, I’ve seen them freely available on bulletin board systems. Commodore should have built the slot into the Amiga years ago.” Martyn Brown, Team 17 Software AMIGA FORMAT ANNUAL 1993 What will the Amiga be like in three years' time? The obvious answer is 'not much different', but with an insight into what Commodore is planning, Damien Noonan believes we'll see radical changes... WHEN THE
AMIGA first appeared, in 1985, it arrived at the crest of a wave of technolosi- cal advance in the computer industry. The older 16-bit home computers had suddenly been ousted by the new generation of 16-bit machines. Within a year the original A1000.
Which cost over £1,500 yet had only 256k of RAM, had been replaced by the smaller, more powerful A500 which offered 512k power at less than £500.
So much is history. And what is also history is the fact that since then, in the course of six long years, the A500 changed hardly in any significant way. You could even argue that the recent chanaes which came with the A600 are c- really only superficial.
But if the Amiga has changed so little in six years, what cause do we have to think that it will change a great deal in the next three?
Hmm. A tricky question. But there are two good reasons.
First of all. The Amiga is currently going through a phase of change that is very much pan of Commodore's planning for the future.
With the slight changes in the A600 and the new chip set in the A4000. Much of what will become standard Commodore specifications is now being introduced.
Secondly, there are wider changes going on in the world of 'home entenainmenf technology that will have an impact on the Amiga.
And we know that Commodore is very- aware of these changes and is to take them into account. Which could put the Amiga in a very special position, three years down the road.
Plus there's one other factor that we should bear in mind, too, and that's the continuing pressure of technological development which ensures that available technology becomes cheaper and smaller. This is particularly true in recent times, because the main advances have been in miniaturisation of components for portable computers. All this has an effect, as we'll see.
Details, details. Most of them are dealt with elsewhere in this article. For now. Let’s look at the most important things - the general patterns that will shape the Amiga of the future.
Far and away the most important is that it will not have a floppy disk drive. “What? Can he possibly be sane?" Yes, I'm afraid so.
There can be no doubt that the floppy disk is on the way out.
And, naturally enough, it's a CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read-Only Memory) drive that will replace it. If you're not already aware of the reasons why the CD will take over from the floppy - and perhaps within the next year - let’s recap briefly.
Force the pace of this change to CD by equipping new Amigas with CD drives. The cost, incidentally, is almost exactly the same as a floppy disk drive.
“ Commodore clearly believes it can produce a 68030-based, full 32-bit machine with the double-A chip set, 2Mb of RAM and a 16-million colour palette for under £500. Wow!99 The Amiga of three years' time will, therefore. Almost certainly come with a CD drive and not a floppy disk drive. There will still be the facility to attach a floppy disk drive for use as a save medium - saving files to floppy from word processors or paint programs, for instance. Though it is just possible that by then the main medium for saved data will be battery-backed RAM cards, if RAM chips are cheap enough.
But CD is certain to be the first of the major changes we'll see in 1995's Amigas.
And it's also connected with what we would expect to be the second major change.
Piracy can be stopped in a number of ways, but the best approach is to combine two methods: first, prevent it by making it physically difficult or impossible; Second, discourage it by making software cheaper, removing the need for piracy.
Compact discs are cheap to produce and so most software houses agree that a £20 standard price would be possible. But they are also difficult to pirate, mainly because a CD can contain masses more data - more than 600 times as much as a floppy disk.
The CD also has many other economic advantages for software houses, all of which serves to make it quite certain that Cds will be the prime medium for most new software as soon as enough CD-drive machines are in use.
This could be as early as this time next year and it seems likely that Commodore will It's all to do with the profitability of the companies that create and publish software, particularly the games publishers. Their financial viability is badly affected by piracy - the unlawful copying of disks.
We need a constant supply of new, better software and only the software publishers can provide it. But of course they won’t if they can't make any money from it. Without access to the latest and best software, the Amiga would die. So we have to accept that piracy must go.
Not just the Amiga, but the whole of the home entertainment industry will be affected by this.
“Within three years." Predicted Commodore’s MD Kelly Sumner, just a few months ago.
“video rental shops will disappear completely.” Why? Well, it’s down to something that has the undramatic title of FMV.
FMV stands for Full-Motion Video which itself is actually shorthand for full-screen, full- motion video. Essentially, FMV makes it viable for the first time to store and transmit video images digitally.
Although we're quite used to digital music on Cds, it may not have occurred to you that digital video was possible. Indeed, technically it's quite a difficult achievement.
The problem is that video involves a lot more data than audio. A full screen of TV picture has to be transferred from CD to the player 25 times a second, along with accompanying soundtrack. Unfortunately, CD players simply cannot transfer data quickly enough.
The solution is to compress the data when it is stored on the disc and decompress it after it is read from the disc. The electronics industry’ set up a research body called the Motion Picture Expert Group (MPEG) which has now- developed a standard set of chips to do the compressing and decompressing job.
The MPEG chipset was finalised and released to electronics manufacturers just a couple of months ago. It manages to squeeze 72 minutes of video on to a normal-size (12cm) CD. So when you buy Terminator 2 the movie on CD in a couple of years' time, it will probably come on two discs.
Commodore is certain to include the MPEG chip-set in all machines equipped with CD drives, and again this may possibly happen as early as this time next year. The result will be that Amiga software will be able to use full- motion video, just as the CDTV can now use hi-fi audio from CD.
All of which adds up to some pretty impressive potential for the CD-based Amiga software of the future. Not only can games be created that use a full 650Mb of storage space, with enormous potential for film-like games and astonishing graphics, but also games will use video footage and stereo hi-fi soundtracks.
Amazing.
So suddenly your Amiga becomes a lot more than just a computer: it's a laser-disc video player and a CD hi-fi as well. And if you can begin to imagine the effect CD storage will have on society, it could be a lot more besides.
For instance, what if your telephone directory came on CD-ROM instead of in the form of a a phone book?
The Amiga of 1995. It would probably have been released in November 1994, in time for the Christmas market that year. It's called A1000 in memory of the original Amiga of 10 years before. The styling is based on the compact A600 of 1992 and the main features are the full keyboard, the CD drive and the fold-down colour LCD screen... COLOUR LCD SCREEN A typical example of a technology that will drop in price over the next couple of years and become an affordable extra, this is an 'active matrix' colour LCD display. Each pixel is driven by its own capacitor, giving an image of superb clarity.
Folds down and clips for transport.
CD-ROM DRIVE The biggest change as CD takes over from floppy disks and cartridges as the medium for entertainment software. Most machines will come with only a CD drive, though of course you will be able to buy an external floppy drive for saving files to.
29 ANNUAL 1993 But enough of all this wild speculation. What of the Amisa itself? What w changes will there be to the heart of the machine?
This could be pretty exciting. What we're about to outline might seem pretty outrageous, but there are good reasons to think it could come to pass.
For starters, we would expect the ‘double- A' chip set. Which has just appeared in Commodore’s new Amiga 4000. To filter down to the base model. This would give the Amiga of three years hence a palette of 16 million colours, a 256-colour display mode equivalent to PC VGA and a 65.000-colour (16-bit) pseudo-True Colour display mode. It would also mean hardware sprites of unlimited size.
The new chip set is, in theory, just as cheap as the current one to fit. The problem is that it needs to work with full 32-bit architecture. It's therefore safe to assume that the Amiga will become a 32-bit machine with a 68030 processor at least.
Currently, that might seem to be ludicrously expensive, but Atari has just produced a machine called the Falcon, which has a very similar specification and is planned to retail at just under £500.
Interestingly, the reaction of Commodore when asked about the Falcon at a recent press conference shows that the company clearly believes it can produce a 68030. 32-bit machine with a 16-million colour palette for a similar price, and further states: "there's no point in a 32-bit architecture with anything less than 2Mb of RAM'’.
So we could expect the double-A chip set.
68030 processor with 32-bit data bus, and 2Mb of 32-bit RAM. Like the A4000. This would also mean RAM could be expanded up to 32Mb. Wow!
One other obvious step, which we wouldn't expect straight away but which may well happen. Is that Workbench will come on ROM chip rather than on a floppy disk.
The Kickstart 2 ROM (in the A500 Plus and A600) includes several CLI commands that were previously on-disk and it would make sense to develop this idea until the whole of Workbench is available on ‘instant access'. Another possibility is that it could come on a PCMCIA ROM card, which brings us neatly to another subject... Two of the advances made by the A600 are pan of Commodore's planning for the future and are set to be a continuing policy for all new Amigas: the PCMCIA ‘credit card’ slot and the IDE internal hard drive connector.
Of these, the more important is the PCMCIA slot. Quite a few misguided opinions are floating around about this - remember, it's just a hardware connector on to which hard drives, RAM cards and so on can be attached, just like the A500's ‘edge connector'. We won't be seeing games on cartridges for the Amiga. I SCART OUT: for using the A1000 as an FMV digital video player. RF AND RGB Feature films will come on two standard-sized Cds. SCART might VIDEO: output be needed if the Amiga is used as a terminal for connection to for display, just home information systems (for home shopping, getting
Teletext- as on the Amiga type information and even downloading FMV feature films). 600 today.
LEFT-HAND SIDE The prominent feature here is an array of four PCMCIA 'credit card' slots. These will take RAM expansions as well as many other kinds of hardware - hard disk drives, modems and so on. Following Commodore's concept of the 'modular computer', you can build up your machine from the base model by fitting any expansions you need.. It does have two important qualities, however. One is that it has been developed by a number of major electronics companies and is set to be a standard on all types of computer.
The other is that it makes it more likely that software will appear on plug-in cartridges.
Commodore believes that in the future computers will be bought in a 'modular' fashion: that you will get a base machine, then plug in lots of different expansions to get the configuration you want. So our Amiga of three years hence has four PCMCIA slots into which you will plug RAM expansions, modems, mini hard drives and the like.
30 ANNUAL 1993 While entertainment software will come on CD, business and creativity software is likely to be supplied on ROM cards of several Megabytes’ capacity. Apart from load times being near-instantaneous, some code can be executed (run) on the card, which makes programs of this kind even quicker.
If you’d like an impression of what PCMCIA expansions will be like, a typical RAM expansion of between 1Mb and 4Mb is about the size and shape of a credit card, but very thick, about 8-10mm. Hard drives will most likely be
2. 5-inch jobs, as used in portable computers, which could mean a
complete, cased unit would be as little as five inches by four
inches by three inches, while still having a capacity of up to
120Mb.
Which brings us, in a link worthy of local TV news, neatly on to IDE. This is a rival standard to SCSI for hard drive connections which has grown steadily mainly because it was developed for portable computers and so is associated with compact drives.
The actual drive unit inside an Amiga hard drive is bought ‘off the shelf by an Amiga peripheral manufacturer and incorporated with connections and a case to make it suitable for the Amiga. Recently, miniature IDE-type drives have been more common and cheaper and it looks likely that this will continue to be the case. So the IDE connector for an internal hard drive is set to remain a part of Amigas for the future, as well as IDE drives being likely to take over as externals. Internal hard drives also have a cost advantage, because you don’t have to pay for a case design as well.
And, of course, an Amiga fitted with an internal drive is practically a portable computer. Which brings us on to another, and more controversial, suggestion.
“ There has never been any suggestion from Commodore that it sees a future in a portable Amiga, but as the technology becomes cheaper it's a logical move. Why not a colour LCD screen?99 Portability. There has never been any suggestion from Commodore that it sees a future in a portable Amiga, but as the technology becomes cheaper it’s a logical move.
The A600 has the advantage of a built-in modulator, so you can plug it straight in to the telly. So why not go one better by providing the Amiga with its own colour LCD screen?
Naturally you would still be able to plug in to a large TV or monitor, but as far as instant switch-on-and-play goes, a built-in colour screen would be the ultimate.
It seems likely that, over the course of the next three years, such technology will drop in price quite substantially until it is widely available. The latest kind of LCD display is the 'active matrix’ in which each pixel has its own capacitor to provide electrical charge, which makes for a much clearer, sharper picture.
OK, but what about other aspects of portability? Well, there’s one obvious development that would make sense even if the LCD screen wasn’t implemented, and that’s an internal power supply.
Even with the A600, it’s very .annoying that the compact, almost-portable design is inconvenienced by being tied to an enormous power transformer. Many, many different kinds of electrical device carry a small transformer on board. This would be a logical development for the Amiga, in much the same way as the incorporation of the TV modulator inside the A600 makes a lot of sense.
So to power up the Amiga of the future, you only have to plug it in. But what about when you’re travelling? Yep, it’s battery-pack time as well.
Perhaps the only thing holding back portable computing at the moment is the fact that the batteries never last long enough. With a colour screen, a computer and a hard drive to run you’ve got to supply quite a lot of power.
Currently, a good deal of research is going into low-consumption chips and peripherals, so as to minimise the power demand. But an obvious solution would be a marked improvement in battery technology, which hasn’t changed that fundamentally since well before the era of computers.
So let’s assume we’re going to cram a transformer and a battery pack into an Amiga.
Where will it go? The most obvious place is in a redundant gap that we don’t need any more.
Yes, the trapdoor slot. There’s no real future for the trapdoor expansion, which is generally just used for RAM expansions, as soon as PCMCIA takes over.
So there we are - the Amiga that you will be able to but in three years’ time. But how much will it cost?
Essentially, it’s only the portable LCD screen, the hard drive and the larger case which will cost more than the current A600.
And we’re taking into account the falling price of technology. So if the A600 is £299, shall we say £399? How does that sound, sir?
And if the 1995 Amiga 1000 came out today, you can bet I'd buy one.
Subterranefficave system of elephant seals, fire demons bad to m Vilify of the tost, the Ice Min hiiauest to insure his safe past fhself chat fthe castle agiciatiSr d I character Palace iage hoi il Curser f Enmfantia is available on mf ommodtfre Amiga 1 meg only) I andljBMtPC compatibles.
Screen shots from various formats.
For five year olds and over Paint and Create is designed to help children exercise and develop their creative talents.
It consists of six entertaining activities, some with a practical bias, some which are pure fun.
’ Programs within Paint and Create include Art Alive, Jigsaw, Music Maestro, Card Creator, Monster Maker and the Activity Menu (which allows access to all the other programs).
Available for Amiga, PC and C64 cassette.
CARD CREATOR In response to consumer demand, a range of Fun School Specials has been developed to help children with specific areas of learning. Following the release of Fun School 4, parents and teachers have consistently requested products which focus on certain 4 .• -.
Subjects in more depth - in particular spelling, maths and creativity skills.
The aim of the Fun School Specials is to complement children’s school work. All the products comply fully with the National Curriculum syllabus.
. _' i •
• * *r
• r K ** 1 H -1 r 1 (5 I. u n 0 I---- f J 1 V r ft " :v 7- .
Let the music play! Using Music Maestro children can create their own band from a choice of players and make sweet music.
MUSIC MAESTRO For 7 to 13 year olds A unique package designed to help children master basic spelling techniques.
The six programs within the package are set in a colourful fairground and incorporate the essential “fun” element that has made the Fun School products so popular.
Sixty levels of difficulty to suit children of all ages and abilities.
O The package incorporates a 3,000-word dictionary containing carefully-selected words which frequently cause children difficulty.
Parents or teachers can easily create their own mini dictionary of words that require special attention.
Special selection of words to cater for the needs of dyslexic children.
O Available for Amiga, PC and C64 cassette.
Haunted House helps extend a child’s vocabulary, teaching all about homophones (their there, caught court etc).
Children use the hammer to bang the gong in Test Your Strength - and discover for themselves lots of unusual plurals.
Circuswords: Children will love seeing the human cannonball come to life as they complete crosswords using both new and familiar words.
UlAlvkLilvz$ ) LfeLLLIW For 7 to 11 year olds Merlin the Wizard guides the child through exercises in counting, decimals, fractions, adding, subtracting and volumes.
Merlin’s Maths combines the essentials of eye-catching graphics and rewarding sequences to keep children amused while they leam.
Each program within Merlin's Maths has at least three levels of difficulty.
Available for Amiga and PC. HCDI W*® MATU® ftlJ :r,f nj(r«fW bricks'Vbsefher; ;Th*n'HulTiDly by The yclu e .of l Kri.
Help Merlin build the castle wall by completing counting, adding and multiplication calculations in Broken Battlements.
Crystal Conference: Get the sums right and watch the knights of the round table enjoy their banquet.
Merlin the wizard guides the child through the programs in Merlin's Maths.
UrOPRESS Europress Software Limited.
Europa House, Adlington Park Macclesfield SK10 4NP.
Tel: 0625 859333 CDTV the Amiga that plays Compact Discs, was first announced by Commodore in June 1990 but didn't go on sale until more than a year later. Now, with CD-ROM drives available for the A500 (and soon for the 600) it's possible that the CD Amiga's time has come at long last.
Damien Noonan reveals why... 34 THREE THINGS YOU ought to know about Compact Discs. One: before very long, most entertainment software will be released on CD rather than floppy disk or cartridge, because the software publishers want it that way. Two: the Amiga is currently the only home computer that can play software from CD. Three: as a result of the previous two points, the Amiga could be the leading computer entertainment format by the start of 1994.
ANNUAL 1993 Only in the last couple of months has it become clear how important CD could be to the Amiga. Yet. Even from the initial w 7 announcement, the rhetoric surrounding the first CD-driven Amiga, the CDTV, was revolutionary and even visionary in its terms.
Over the last two and a half years, the picture has slowly changed. Where first it was real head-in-the-clouds, idealistic stuff, it's now become a common-sense, down-to-earth tale of economics and practicality. The story of the CD Amiga is the story of a fascinating learning period for the computer industry, during which a lot of airy ideas have fallen by the wayside. Yet the message remains the same: that CD is the future of home entertainment... As we go to press, news is leaking out that Commodore is about to drop the price of the CDTV down to £399 for the basic keyboard- less model.
This actually begins to make it look like a pretty realistic proposition, especially because it's a price that reflects what CDTV really is: just an Amiga with a CD drive attached. We now know that this is sufficient in itself, yet when the CDTV first appeared it promised to be something much more radical.
Amiga Format Issue 32 featured this stunning illustration on its cover
- a taster for the comprehensive review of available titles
within.
It was at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago in June 1990 that Commodore first sprung the CDTV on an unsuspecting world.
Rumours had been circulating for months that Commodore had been preparing a CD-ROM drive for the Amiga, and it was widely “ It was widely believed that the one, single thing that intimidated most people about a computer was the keyboard, Remove the keyboard and you remove the last big barrier99 expected that a CD drive as an add-on for the A500 would be the upshot. But the CDTV seemed to be something much more ambitious.
It eventually emerged that the CDTV was the product of an almost maverick research project initiated and carried through by a tiny group at Commodore’s technical developments HQ in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
Their idea had been to take an off-the-shelf CD drive and marry it to an Amiga, giving the advantage of massive data storage, 550Mb on a single Compact Disc.
But the intriguing aspect to the CDTV was what Commodore's marketing people had done to the Amiga-plus-CD concept. They decided to house it in a smart, square, black case so that it looked like a video recorder, not a computer. They removed the keyboard, replacing it instead with a simple remote control. And above all they refused, for a long, long time, to acknowledge that the CDTV was really an Amiga.
The way to make yourself unpopular with Commodore at the time was to say: “Yes, but it's just an Amiga with a CD drive in a black box, isn't it?” No. Of course it wasn't, claimed Commodore. It was a CDTV. The word 'computer’ was banned in connection with CDTV - when it went on sale. Commodore planned to make sure that electrical retailers placed it near the hi-fi and videos, not near the computers.
The discs were to be referred to as ‘titles’, never as ‘software’.
The concept behind CDTV was very much a product of its time, a time when the home computer scene was sure that big things were about to happen, but it didn't have the confidence that what it was selling in 1990 would still be widely acceptable in 1993. To understand CDTV, you have to understand this ‘spirit of the age'.
Computers and video games enjoyed a boom in the early Eighties and then waned in popularity, but in 1990 everyone was utterly certain that the next boom was on the way.
Nintendo games consoles were already beginning to make a massive impact in the United States - they were the best-selling toy; they even had their own breakfast cereals.
Everyone looked to Japan, where a games console was to be found in almost every home alongside the TV, hi-fi and video recorder.
Everyone dreamed of the same happening in Europe and the profits it would bring.
Now. In 1992, we've seen the computer games boom happen. We've seen the pop music world worry about video games replacing pop music, we’ve seen the major national newspapers desperate for tie-ins with computer games characters like Nintendo's Mario, we’ve seen a Channel 4 television programme about computer games enjoy a surprise success with an audience of millions. And we've seen all this happen with the same, ordinary Sega and Nintendo games consoles that you could have bought five years ago.
But back then in 1990. It was widely believed that it wasn't that simple. Studying the way America fell to Nintendo, most manufacturers believed that the battle in Europe would be a battle for out-and-out domination by just one format. And everyone was hoping that it would be theirs.
Commodore had another problem in mind, too. It was becoming obvious that people were getting used to computers as a form of entertainment and that there was no 20od reason why you couldn't persuade all the people who owned video recorders to buy a computer entertainment system too. Except for one major problem. It was widely believed that the one, single thing which most Intimidated people about a computer was the keyboard.
Remove the keyboard and you would remove
* In a few years' time there will be a massive shake-out in the
(computer games) industry, Costs will rocket, games will become
multi-million-dollar productions9 Phil Adams, Spectrum Holobyte
president, predicting in 1988 that CD would make software
production more like movie-making
* This will change forever the way we communicate, learn and
entertain, The system will be used for reference works, special
interest areas, surrogate travel, music, entertainment - and
when we abandon the high ground, it will play one hell of a
game 9 Commodore executives at launch of CDTV, Chicago, June
1990 1“ This is one small step for Commodore, one giant leap
for the Amiga 9 Anonymous Amiga developer after the launch of
CDTV “ Some manufacturers put 68000s in washing machines - that
doesn't make them Amigas with tumbledriers9 Head of Next
Technology, who created the CDTV 'Welcome' disc, denying that
the CDTV is just an Amiga with a CD drive attached
* CDTV has the potential to become a new standard home appliance,
as ubiquitous as the VCR 9 Gail Wellington of Commodore's
Special Projects Division, who headed the team that developed
CDTV
* When it comes to camcorders, £700 buys a basic unit and they
sell very well, At the price, the facilities offered by CDTV
virtually ensure its success in the high street9 A Dixons
manager on the potential success of CDTV when it was suggested
it would have a £699 launch price, October 1990 the last bis
barrier asainst ‘those horrible com- puter things'. Go one step
further by making your machine look like the familiar video
recorder, and everything should fall into place.
Commodore had one other barrier to break down. Usin2 the innovative CD-ROM storase save the machine an immense advantase in being able to do more than just play arcade games. The kids may nag for a Nintendo, but how sympathetic were parents who had been led to believe that video games were some kind of moral disaster area, corrupting our nation's youth? However, if you showed that you could produce software that had an educational value, too. And even software that might appeal to the parents' more old-fashioned hobbies, you might be on to a winner. CD would make this possible.
And so it was that what could have been an Amiga with a CD drive ended up as Commodore's bid for domination in the livins l; rooms of the world. With serious reference titles as well as ‘entertainment' products, with computer capabilities disguised in a video case, with that frightening keyboard replaced by a familiar remote control, its marketing concept was all there.
The finishing touch was the name. It mattered not at all that the letters stood, in theory, for Commodore Dynamic Total Vision. This was all-too-obviously made up to justify the four-letter abbreviation CDTV. A pairing of two concepts familiar to the electronics consumer, CD and TV. With the implication that this was an all-powerful alliance.
35 no o o Commodore all but turned its back on the Amiga, which had saved the ailing company, and strode boldly off in the direction of the 'mass market'. Commodore was off to sell the CDTV to people who would never have considered buying an Amiga. But almost immediately, it came up against a problem which it hadn't even considered. So busily had Commodore been defining what a CDTV wasn't, it failed to realise that it was 2oin2 to have extreme trouble explaining to technologically ignorant consumers what a CDTV was.
§ Possibly this confusion was already in evidence at the Chicago launch, where hard facts about the CDTV’s capabilities were replaced by hyperbole from the Commodore powers that be. There was an unhealthy emphasis on social revolution. Irving Gould himself. Chairman and leadin2 lisht of Commodore, claimed: “This will change for ever the way we communicate, learn and entertain,” while Nolan Bushnell commented: "Books were great in their day. But books right now don't cut it - they're obsolete'’.
CDTV finally went on sale in May 1991 at £599, £100 cheaper than originally expected.
Considering that it was an amalgam of existing technologies the delay seemed strange, but it was explicable by the time needed to develop special CDTV software. Even for the first few weeks on the shelves, the two discs that were supposed to come free with the machine - Lemmings and The Hutchinson Encyclopaedia
- were unavailable and were represented by tokens that customers
had to send away to get the discs, when they were ready. The
fact that you could buy a machine for £600 and have nothing to
play on it seemed to exemplify the failed aims of CDTV. A mas
sive advertising campaign (by Commodore standards) was based
around the line “It's nothing short of revolutionary" and tried
to suggest the manifold multimedia possibilities of CDTV
without ever quite putting its finger on what the machine
actually did.
Commodore courted hi-fi magazines and national newspapers, hoping they might get excited about this 'new kind of CD player’, while avoiding the computer magazines.
Amiga Format was unable to get a review model CDTV, although in the end we became the first computer magazine to review it by getting hold of one via a developer.
By late 1991 only a few thousand CDTVs had been sold, nowhere near enough to repay the advertising spend and, if our readers* letters were anything to go by. These were almost certainly bought by Amiga owners. Then, suddenly, there was a change of heart from Commodore. In November, at the World of Commodore Show, it unveiled a new advertising campaign in which the CDTV had been subtly renamed Amiga CDTV. Perhaps by catching on to technologically aware Amiga owners, who appreciated the idea of a CD- driven Amiga, the word could be spread.
Last Christmas, while the Amiga was once again topping all its previous sales records, CDTV still did not pick up. In early 1992 Commodore went the whole hog with the admission that the CDTV was an Amiga, releasing the Home Multimedia Pack - a CDTV complete with matching black keyboard and disk drive - with a £599 price-tag.
But it didn’t stop CDTV drifting gradually into the background.
36 ANNUAL 1993 Meanwhile, we were all eagerly awaiting the release of the CD-ROM drive for the A500. Which was due to be called the A690. In January this year, we expected to have a review model delivered by Commodore. In the end we got our hands on an advance production model, a lot more finished than the prototype, but it still didn't work. We were still able to print the first ever photograph of it in our February issue. The following month it became evident that the drive was to be renamed the A570 and would only work with machines that had 1Mb of chip RAM, which basically meant A500
Pluses.
By Issue 36 of the magazine, July 1992. We had a review model A570. Then we were told it wasn’t finished, and our test model was only a ‘preview sample’. Not until Issue 39, October 1992, did we finally have a finished, production-model A570 to test. The price was set at £349 and, despite the ridiculous fact that the A500 was no longer on sale, having been replaced by the A600. Our reviews editor Neil Jackson was convinced that the A570 is a worthwhile purchase.
By this stage, however, the debate had moved on. Kelly Sumner, a vibrant 31-year- old who has worked for Commodore for his entire career, took over as MD of Commodore UK. We went up to interview him, and Kelly made it quite clear that Commodore was com- 1“ Would you upgrade to CDTV if it cost more than £300? YES - 50%99 Result from survey of readers conducted in November 1990 I* Will you buy a CD-ROM drive for your Amiga? (The price is currently expected to be around £300: it will play CDTV discs and audio Cds,) DEFINITELY - 5% POSSIBLY - 35%99 Result from survey of readers conducted in March
1991 “ I would say we confidently expect to sell in the 20,000 to 30,000 region99 Commodore UK boss Kelly Sumner on prospects for the £349 A570 CD drive in the first six months on sale, up to Christmas '92 mitted to seeing the future of the Amiga as a C CD-driven machine.
“We have been speaking to all the major software houses over the last month or two.
And I think CD really has to be the way to go,’’ explained Kelly. “If you look at the price of a Sega or Nintendo cartridge, it's very expensive. Any cartridge is always going to be more expensive, and it has a longer lead time.
You can press a CD in 48 hours, but a ROM cartridge takes three months. And that has lots of implications as far as software houses are concerned.’’ Software publishers we’ve spoken to seem to agree. Some are considering pulling out of all cartridge-based products, others look forward to being able to sell games at £20 on CD.
With CD making piracy less practicable, with prices coming down and therefore sales going up, and with the financial advantages of CD (cheap production and easier management of cashflow), the software houses have every incentive to force the hardware manufacturers' hands on the CD issue.
There’s been a pattern, then, to the two-and-a half years of CDTV’s existence. The rhetoric of revolution has faded, the ambition to produce software that changes the world has disappeared. Slowly it’s become obvious that CD is still the way ahead, but for different reasons. We'll still have the same old games, but we'll buy them on CD rather than floppy. The economics of the games industry' will improve, the price of games will come down.
And, of course, this reduction to the basics does not mean that the ambition has faded.
We’re still likely to see some impressive new departures in software, as people start using a bit more of the 550Mb available on a CD.
Over the last year, development work has been going ahead on CD-based software that will restore much of the original ‘Wow!’ factor with which the Amiga stunned people five years ago. Just wait and see - there's impressive stuff on the way in '93.
Other major advances could still be in the pipeline. The Motion Picture Expert Group (MPEG) has now defined a world-wide standard data compression method that will make it possible for videos to be played from CD.
The so-called FMV (full-motion video) standard could also be used to put film footage in games, and the technology that makes it possible will no doubt be incorporated into the Amiga CDTV at some stage. And then it could be computer, audio CD player and video player all rolled into one.
But expect at least one big change in 1993.
By next Christmas, the basic Amiga is likely to incorporate the double-A chip set from the Amiga 4000 and - this is the fun bit - to have a CD drive instead of a floppy disk drive. As changes go, they hardly come any more significant than this. Just wait and see.
SPOT THE SHOT 13 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
1 992 was a long year. It had one more day than most others and it had more than its fair share of incident. How much can you remember? Get all 101 answers and win a subscription to Amiga Format... Here are 101 questions that should tax your brain, and your back issues of Amiga Format for the next few weeks until the next Special Edition hits the newsstands. Ten erudite readers will win a year's subscription to the magazine, so get puzzling. Or you and your friends could just have a go at it for fun.
Whatever you fancy.
The majority of questions are Amiga- related. But we've also dropped in a few current affairs posers so you can get the entire family involved.
Sen0 your answers to The News Quiz.
Amiga Format Specials. 29 Monmouth Street.
Bath. Avon BA1 2DL. Answers should be received by Monday December 14. All the normal rules apply, so no Future Employees get to enter, no correspondence will be entered into regarding this competition and. As usual, the editor's decision is incrediblv final.
1 4 Former Tory MP Chris Patten lost his parliamentary seat at the general election. What is he doing now?
Fa) Governor of Hong Kong
(b) Governor of the Bank Of England
(c) Nothing 1 5 Commodore launched two models of the A600 this
year. There’s one significant difference between them -
what is it?
16 What are the names of the new A600’s custom chips?
1 7 What did EC member Great Britain pull out of in September?
(a) The Olympics
(b) The Exchange Rate Mechanism
(c) The Eurovision Song Contest 1 8 What did the British Home
Secretary not do for Derek Bentley?
WHO OR WHAT?
19 What is the name of the device pictured?
SPOT THE SHOT 1 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
37 rn o o s 2 Approximately what is the maximum data storage capacity of a read-only Compact Disc? Give your answer in Megabytes.
3 Amiga manufacturer Commodore and leisure software publisher Psygnosis collaborated on a CD game called Microcosm: name a film that has a similar theme to the game?
4 Racer Nigel Mansell won the Formula 1 world championship, then announced his retirement from the sport. What is the name of the last British driver to do that?
(a) James Hunt
(b) Stirling Moss
(c) Jackie Stewart 6 Issue 36 of Amiga Format certainly had a
lot of news to report - and was first with all the important
stuff, as per. But what superb software package was given
away with it as part of the Amiga Format Collection?
7 How many copies does Amiga Format officially sell on average each month, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulation?
8 How many gold medals did Great Britain manage to pick up at this year’s Olympics Games?
9 In w hat capacity is the former managing director of Commodore UK, Steve Franklin, now working?
10 In w hich countries is Commodore now manufacturing the Amiga?
11 Psycho Killer, Snoopy, Barney Bear and Asterix the Gaul all have something in common. What is it?
20 The first Amiga Format Special Edition was the Complete Software Guide. The one you’re reading is The Annual ’93. So what’s the next one going to be?
21 Commodore’s proper company name has the initials CBM. What do the B and the M stand for?
22 Commodore’s Amiga CDTV system can play back sounds and images that have been stored on Compact Disc via your television set. So what does CDTV stand for?
WHO OR WHAT?
5 What is the name of the model of Amiga pictured?
SPOT THE SHOT 12 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
23 Anyone using their Amiga for anything beyond the rudimentary will have come across the CLI. What do those letters stand for?
24 The compact cassette and Compact Disc w ere both pioneered by w hich well-known Dutch company? AMIGA FORMAT M ANNUAL 1993 3 7 The Amiga Format cow is writer Brian Larkman's pet way of demonstrating the amazing 3D modelling capabilities of the Amiga.
Which issue of the magazine featured it on the cover?
28 Todd Rundgren produces his rock videos using Amigas. What was the name of his former band?
(a) Inertia
(b) Utopia
(c) Metallica 29 Graphics fans will have come across the letters
IFF. What do they stand for?
(a) Interchange File Format
(b) Indefinite File Format
(c) Insidious File Format 30 Electronic Arts’ Deluxe Paint series
features the death mask of a famous former Egyptian king.
What does this king have in common with Batman?
31 Here’s one for the visuallv aware - if the British have got PAL, then what have the Americans got?
33 The A600 features a PCMCIA card slot in the side of the casing. What do the letters PCMCIA stand for?
34 Why would a Spaniard look at you strangely if you said you had been up all night playing with your Amiga?
3 5 What effect did media baron Robert Maxwell’s lack of buoyancy have on the software world?
36 Comedian Frankie Howerd died this year. What character did he play in the TV hit series Up Pompeii?
25 A past issue of Amiga Format provided ‘your guarantee of Lemmings’.
What was the issue number?
26 American hardware manufacturer GVP is renowned for its particularly excellent hard drives. What is the company’s name in full?
WHO OR WHAT?
27 Who is the dashing young chap pictured with Steve Franklin?
SPOT THE SHOT 32 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
38 Justified chart toppers The KLF disbanded amid great secrecy this year. What does KLF stand for?
(a) Klu Liberation Front
(b) Kilmarnock Liberation Front
(c) Kopyright Liberation Front 39 The clock speed, usually
measured in MegaHertz, is the speed at which the Amiga’s CPU
can process data. What is the speed of a standard A500 CPU?
40 Future Publishing, the company that brings you Amiga Format each and every month, is based in Bath.
% ' Name a Bath-based travel firm that went bust this year.
41 What graphic is missing from Workbench 2’s ‘insert disk’ screen that you would have been able to find on Workbench 1.3’s?
42 Pop duo Urban Shakedown, featured in Amiga Format issue 37, achieved chart success this year with which single?
WHO OR WHAT?
43 What is the name of the model of printer pictured?
48 On March 6, a particularly nasty computer virus activated itself. The date is the birthdav of a famous artist V after which the virus was named.
What’s his name?
(a) Michelangelo
(b) Salvador Dali
(c) Andy Warhol 49 Commodore’s A570 CD-ROM drive was originally
to be called something else. What was it?
50 What was the A600 originally to be called? Hint: lettering on the circuit board gives the game away.
51 Amiga Format staff writer Andrew Nuttall was appointed to the title this year. What is his nickname?
44 What piece of hardware do you need so you can link your Amiga to a video signal source?
45 What prayer did pop star David Bowie say at former Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury’s memorial concert?
46 Which software package was awarded Amiga Format’s highest-ever rating of 97 per cent in the November 1992 issue?
53 Which BBC soap opera, premiered this year, depicts the lives of a bunch of ordinary folk who happen to live in a Mediterranean holiday resort?
54 Which Formula 1 motor racing champion offered to race for the Williams team next year for no money whatsoever?
55 The Future Entertainment Show, featuring your very own Amiga Format, is to be held on November 5-8 at a famous venue in London. The name of the venue is... SPOT THE SHOT 47 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
52 What is the name of this intriguing looking fellow?
WHO OR WHAT?
WHAT?
56 Here’s a mathematically generated picture. What are its components?
(a) Raymond Revue Bar
(b) Earls Court
(c) Elephant and Castle 5 7 Classic space trading game Elite is
shortly to be followed by Elite 2. Name the chap who is
developing it.
58 Most dot matrix printers are capable of printing in NLQ mode. What do the letters NLQ stand for?
59 Collectors of public domain software should be familiar w ith a chap who goes by the name of Mr Fish.
What is his first name?
(a) Michael
(b) Fred
(c) Floyd 60 From which team did Blackburn Rovers manager Kenny
Dalglish sign his star striker Alan Shearer?
61 Which (dead) film star graced the cover of Amiga Format in 1992?
SPOT THE SHOT 62 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
63 What frequency of laser light is used to read information from a Compact Disc?
(a) Ultra violet
(b) Infra red
(c) Sparkling orange 64 Which development house produced the
fabulous dungeon adventure Eye of the Beholder 2?
65 Can you name the female who replaced Gary in the A600?
66 Which first-division football team is sponsored by Commodore and is also Prime Minister John Major’s favourite team?
(a) Chelsea
(b) Arsenal
(c) Accrington Stanley 67 This famous cartoon cat was used on the
cover of Amiga Format issue 33 - an animation special.
What is the moggy's name?
68 TV show Gamesmaster has proved such an enormous hit that Future Publishing is launching an eponymous magazine to go with the programme.
What is the name of the show’s Scottish presenter?
69 Name the person who’s credited with programming Virgin’s remarkably realistic snooker simulation Jimmy White’s Whirlwind Snooker.
70 From w hich State does the American presidential candidate Ross Perot originate?
(a) Britain
(b) Kansas
(c) Texas 71 Three letters w ere used to replace four in the new
A600. If the four are SCSI, what are the three?
72 What do Eric Schwartz, Tobias Richter and Walt Disney all have in common, aside from their rather unusual surnames?
WHO OR WHAT?
73 What is the name of the Amiga artist pictured?
74 Jimmy Connors recently w on a tennis match in straight sets without using his second services. What is the name of his unfortunate opponent?
75 Who, or what, are known as the Rexxons?
WHO OR SPOT THE SHOT 76 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
77 For which county did the former golden boy of English cricket Ian Botham play in the 1991-92 season?
(a) Durham
(b) Somerset
(c) Cornwall 78 In which film does Harrison Ford play a former
CIA man being hunted down by a gang of renegade Irish ter
rorists intent on exacting a terrible revenge?
(a) Patriot Games
(b) A League Of Their Own
(c) Unforgiven 39 no O O 79 The group of researchers who have
been busy pioneering the development of video on CDTV are
known collectively as MPEG. What do those initials stand
for?
5 80 Product placement has been creeping into video games recently. Do you know which well-known product forms part of the scenery in Millennium’s James Pond 2: Robocodl SPOT THE SHOT 81 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
82 What was the name of the actress with whom the former ‘Minister of Fun’, David Mellor, had an extremely well-documented affair?
83 Who is the head of Commodore worldwide?
84 Former bench engineer Kelly Sumner is now the managing director of Commodore UK. Which computer did he first work on as an engineer? I AMIGA FORMAT TM ANNUAL 1993 OS Meet platform hero Zool. He proved rather popular with the Amiga Format review team. What percentage rating did they give Gremlin's Zool ?
88 Which Italian football club bought Paul Gascoigne from Tottenham Hotspur for £5 million, even though he had badly injured his knee ligaments?
(a) Lazio
(b) Inter Milan
(c) Real Madrid 89 MIDI is a standard code by which MIDI-equipped
devices can communicate with each other (like a computer
and a synthesiser). What do the letters MIDI stand for?
90 Who took over as captain of the England football team after Gary Lineker decided to quit the domestic game and start a new career in Japan?
(a) Vinny Jones
(b) Stuart Pearce
(c) Chris Waddle 91 Who or w hat was FMG and what or who replaced
them?
SPOT THE SHOT 92 Can you name the game from which this segment of a screenshot comes?
93 What is the real name of ‘The Sinner From Pinner’, an actress dubbed such by the tabloid press for her steamy performance in the erotic, but otherw ise fiendishly boring, film The Lover?
94 Which national football team were last-minute entrants for the European Football Championships and ended up winning the competition after all?
(a) Denmark
(b) Iceland
(c) England 86 Which businessman had the extremely dubious honour
of being declared the UK’s biggest-ever bankrupt?
87 What do the initials FAST stand for and what is the purpose of the organisation?
85 What is the name of this innovative game designer ?
WHO OR WHAT?
96 The Steven Spielberg film Hook and the Ocean computer game of the same name are both based on a famous book. Who is the book’s author?
(a) J M Barrie
(b) D H Lawrence
(c) Jeffrey Archer 97 What is the name of the film in which
Madonna plays a member of an all-woman baseball team?
(a) Patriot Games
(b) A League Of Their Own
(c) Unforgiven 98 Which top American hardware manufacturer, which
makes the extraordinary 68040 accelerator for the A500, lost
a huge amount of stock when a fire recently destroyed its
warehouse?
99 Which former Olympic middle distance medallist was elected as a Conservative Member of Parliament in the 1992 General Election?
(a) Steve Ovett
(b) Seb Coe
(c) Roger Bannister 100 Christopher Columbus is generally held
responsible for discovering America, the country that brought
the w orld Big Macs, Ronald Reagan and Zippo cigarette
lighters. In which year did Columbus stumble across the con
tinent of America?
(a) 1492
(b) 1429
(c) 1664 So there you have it then, the Amiga Format quiz of the
year. You’ve got a few weeks to think about the answers
(don't forget, the closing date is December 14), but take
heart; most of them are in this special edition of Amiga
Format, or in previous issues of the magazine.
Well except for the general knowledge ones - but even we can get most of those.
There are 10 subscriptions up for grabs - that’s 12 free issues of the world’s best Amiga magazine (oh, and we’re the world’s biggest Amiga magazine as well) for the people who get all 101 right.
If, by some freak of chance, no one gets all 101 answers right, we will look at the next best and so on... So there is an outside chance that you might win a year’s subscription even if you don’t get every single answer correct.
Please make sure, for the sake of the poor old judges who’ll be trawling through all the entries, that you number all of your answers clearly, including the Spot the Shots, the Who or What’s, along with the questions given in the picture captions. And try to keep your answers as legible as possible because unreadable entries will be non-prize-winning entries
- perhaps it’s time to get that printer hooked up and send your
answers in on a printout.
The winners’ names will be published in the February edition of Amiga Format, so keep your eyes peeled when it comes out. We hope you have as much fun with this quiz as we had compiling it. Good luck 101 What is the name of this Greek character?
WHO OR WHAT?
OPINION CDTV and the A570 CD-ROM drive for the A500. But not any more. Not while Kelly's looking so smug.
No. Let's get down to harsh economic realities. That, after all. Is what is going to make the difference in the long run. Yep, money might not be able to buy you love, but it sure makes the world go round... Let's leave behind our narrow view of the Amiga for a moment and take a look at the computer games scene as a whole. If you If there’s one thing we can absolutely rely on, it's that the CD is the way to go. That's the opinion of Damien Noonan, editor of Amiga Format. But why so sure...?
Coming to fruition and the com- pany is slowly realising, day by day. That nothing can stop it now. You can see a pattern emerging as suddenly all kinds of 4 J decisions make sense. And you can imagine everyone else looking back in six months' time and realising they've been outsmarted. When others kick themselves. Commodore will be sitting there looking very, very smug.
J ¦ j Kelly is not a man for shades of grey and his favourite phrase right now. Though I don't think he realises it, is “No question”. It usually follows a sweeping generalisation so vast that you'd imagine there was plenty to question.
But not for Kelly.
And just a pan of his message is that CD is the future of the Amiga. No question.
To understand why. You don't have to go deep into the technological side of leisure computing at all. But to understand it in all its detail, it's worth knowing a little bit about why the CD has been hailed, in the past, as the medium of the future.
Essentially, the main advantage is simply storage space. A music CD works digitally, so it's a logical step to put data on one. And when you do you discover that it will store about 550Mb of information - the equivalent of 640 Amiga 880K floppy disks - it's obviously the only choice.
It's what you can do with all this storage space that's important, though. It offers masses of room for graphics, sound and animation which basically means that games like the fabulous Secret of Monkey Island could be done with full audio, full lip-svnc - in other words, much like movies. That's why a film- making firm like Lucasfilm (now LucasArts) got involved in games in the first place.
Right, so technologicallv CD might be w w * w desirable because it makes all kinds of things possible. Until a few months ago. That might have been enough to explain why Commodore had worked so hard to bring out the Amiga is here question 41 ANNUAL 1993 were looking in from the outside, where would you imagine all the money was being made and all the games were being sold in 1992? You would have to say the Sega and Nintendo consoles, of course.
Over the last couple of years, more and more games publishers have flocked to join the console publishing scene. But it's not easy, because both major console manufacturers keep tight control over how and when games for their machines are published.
So if you're a software publisher and you want your game to appear and sell well on a
* One major software house told me that it would not work on any
more software for cartridge formats once its last title was
finished in September. And there's evidence of other softies
being disillusioned with cart publishing » console, you find
that the console makers hold all the ace cards. First off they
have to approve your game. Then only they are allowed to
actually manufacture the cartridge on which the software comes,
so you have to buy it from them at their price. It proves
expensive and time-consuming, but you don't necessarily mind
them having a monopoly.
You don't mind, that is, as long as you've got a good chance of making more money than you were when you were publishing software on cassettes and floppy disks. The computer scene was (and still is) rife with piracy, which meant sales of only a couple of thousand copies on many of your floppy-based games.
Anvthing's better than that.
TWO LITTLE LETTERS are going to change the way we think about the Amiga over the next couple of years... and those two little letters are "CD'. The Compact Disc Revolution is just around the comer.
“But they've been saying that for ages!"
You protest. Fair enough, they have. They were talkins about technolosv. They were talk- ing about ideas, they were talking about concepts and ambitions. But I'm not. I'm talking about something a little more concrete.
I recently spent a long afternoon discussing the future of the Amiga and drinking with Kelly Sumner, who took over as managing director of Commodore UK just a few short months ago. He’s confident and buoyant at the moment, like the cat that got the cream, and the longer you talk with him, the more you can see why.
It's almost as if a long.
C ¦ secret plan by Commodore is tantly. Where an overestimate of ten per cent in how many cartridges you order could mean your entire profit is wiped out - and if you under-order you don't have time to prepare more stocks - CD-based publishing is cheap enough and flexible enough for you to get it right, every time. Wow!
This isn’t just speculation, either. One major UK software house told me that it would not work on any more software for cartridge formats once its last title was finished in September or October this year. And there's plenty of other evidence of software publishers being disillusioned with the financial restrictions of cartridge publishing.
So ask yourself this one question: which major computer format already has the capability of using programs published on CD?
Yes. With the Amiga CDTV and the A570 CD drive and - '"before Christmas'’, hopes Commodore - the A670 CD drive too, it's the Amiga. Of course.
Now I'm not saying rush out and buy yourself a CD drive as soon as possible. I'm just saying be aware of what's going on.
We've been criticised for giving too much coverage to CD. It was even suggested to me by the representative of a major serious software publisher - though only in jest - that my Swiss bank account was benefiting from Commodore's generosity. I wish.
But I still think we're right to attach great importance to CD, because it's going to be big. Commodore has already suggested to us that it would be possible to produce a machine with a CD drive rather than a floppy disk drive, and for the same price. It might not happen until this time next year. But it will happen. No question. D?
And then along comes someone and simply points out that you could be publishing your games on CD instead. Suddenly you realise that while you'll never go back to floppy disks, there is a lucrative alternative to cartridge software.
Where a cartridge could cost you in the region of eight quid just to produce, a CD can be mastered and packaged for £1.50. Where you have to order cartridges six months in advance, a CD can be produced and on sale inside a couple of weeks. And, most impor- WW The new HAM-supporting DeluxePaint IV will do more than turn a few heads.
It will also turn them inside out, upside down, spin them on an axis, or metamorphosise them into hairy rock stars before you can say "Tutankhamen'".
With Hold And Modify (HAM) video mode, DeluxePaint IV offers a staggering 4096 colours. This means gradients that are smoother, more versatile and easier to define.
Not only can you paint in HAM, you can animate in it, too.
Imagine brilliant images, rendered in 4096 colours, moving effortlessly across the screen.
DeluxePaint IV makes animation easy for you.
The special LightTable feature allows you to review the last frame of animation while previewing the next.
Or choose two different images - say a caterpillar and a butterfly - and DeluxePaint IV will carry out an amazing metamorphosis between them in as many frames as you wish.
All these features are directed from a new video-style Animation Control that makes animating as easy as pressing a button.
So whether painting or animating, you can now achieve smooth, seamless effects of unbelievable subtlety.
But don't take our word for it.
Steve Franklin, Managing Director of Commodore Business Machines, described DeluxePaint IV as "a stunning innovation and probably the best software package for this market".
Available 27th September 1991 £89.99 TO UPGRADE from previous versions of DeluxePaint, send the front cover of your manual with a cheque, postal order or credit card details including expiry date to the Direct Sales Department at Electronic Arts Ltd. An upgrade from DeluxePaint I costs £65, from II costs £55 and from III £45. Call 0753 549442 for details of this and the special videos which will help you make the most of DeluxePaint
IV.
Andy Storer examines the US Amiga scene and reveals just why Commodore laucnhed its 68040-based A4000 with the new chip set over there... aftbBb Commodore
ii) S4S IN AMERICA PEOPLE take their Amigas very seriously
indeed. Amiga games play second-fiddle to professional, or
should we say ‘serious’, Amiga software and hardware. Talk to
an American computer games enthusiast and he or she will rant
on profusely about video games and basically how one company
- Nintendo - totally dominates the market. Sega comes a very
poor second, and the Amiga probably doesn’t figure in the
running. But that doesn’t mean that the Amiga hasn't got a
significant following in the States, it’s just that to the
Yanks the Amiga is seen more as a serious, semi-professional
machine.
AMIGA 4000 040 Launched at the World of Commodore expo in Pasedena, California, this is Commodore's new, more powerful and expandable A4000.
ANNUAL 1993 If you take time to flick through a few back issues of Amiga Format. It won't take you long to realise that the majority of serious products come from the other side of the Atlantic: Professional Page, PageStream.
Imagine, Video Toaster, GYP hard drives.
So, because there is less of an emphasis on Amiga you have on your desk now and what ProWrite, Art Department Pro, Presentation Master, Caligari and Amax-II, to name but a few. It’s because the Amiga has such a widespread and dedicated professional-base that so many US firms manage to produce such quality products.
* The A4000 is our most exciting product ever- ifsthe ultimote in
Amiga powerm Jim Dionne, President of Commodore US games, there
is a different policy by which Amigas are released in the
States. You may be surprised to hear that in the US the A500
Plus and the A1500 have never even been launched, the A600 and
A570 have only just arrived and yet the new A4000 40 was
released two months before it was launched in the UK. The num
ber of Amigas in homes in the US is only 15% of the number in
Europe and the figures also show that 90 per cent of these are
A2000s and A3000s. By contrast, in the UK 1.2 million machines
have been sold since 1986 and 95 per cent of those are A500s.
These statistics reinforce the fundamental differences between the American Amiga market and our own, and those differences underpin the ways in which the machines are used, and subsequently the kind of peripheral hardware and applications software that's developed - and. Ultimately, the kind of you may have in the future. Because, numbers aside, the American market is what defines the state of the Amiga art in all its forms.
The fact that Commodore is based in the US, along with most of the leading devel- opers, means the light in which the US market is perceived dictates the design for current and future Amiga models.
Take the brand- new A4000 for instance. How many of these powerful graphics workstations do you think will sell in the UK? A few hundred at best? Maybe a thousand tops. In the States, it will probably sell tens of thousands. The reason is quite simple - the Amiga is a low-cost graphics workstation that’s the best deal in town in America when it comes to broadcast video and animation, and that's precisely why it has become so important over there.
Although the Amiga has markets in busi- ness software, sampling and sequencing, they are not what has made the Amiga big on the other side of the Atlantic. Over there video graphics is where it’s at and that’s the Amiga’s forte. It's a tool that professionals choose despite anything the competition offers.
The thing is, if you ask a computer-literate American what an Amiga is you'll just be met by a stony silence. There’s only two or three national US magazines dedicated to the Amiga and these have paltry circulations, yet the Video Toaster, the top-notch video graphics board, has its own 150-page glossy magazine that’s read by around 80,000 people IT'S AN OWL. NO IT'S A BABY. NO IT'S A MORPH... So why the big differences? After all, if the US is where the Amiga was bom, where the main developers live and where the most prominent hardware and software companies package up your next purchase, why
are there so few A500s, so many A2000s and so many Toaster users? The answers are largely to do with history and a little to do with technology.
Consider the success of the Amiga in the UK for a moment. What factors have combined to make it the biggest-selling home computer over here? Brilliant graphics? Yes. Great games? Yes. Best deal on the street for the price? Yes. More public domain software than any other machine? Yes. But all these factors are the same over in the States. So what's the difference? The answer lies in the historv of j competition. Because when you see that the competition comes from the likes of IBM.
Apple Macintosh and Nintendo, you know Commodore will have had a tough job selling machines in their own country.
Over here all the Amiga had to knock on the head was the rather inferior 8-bit machines and the somewhat overrated Atari ST. The games companies saw to it that the Amiga would win hands-down in terms of graphics and sound, though it was possibly the wide availability of pirated games that was crucial.
In the US, however. Commodore and its developers have been forced to tap into a niche market which IBM its PC-cloning followers, along with Apple and Nintendo, have been unable to exploit for technical reasons.
Nintendo has cornered the games arena.
IBM the business sector and Apple the personal productivity market. Which leaves a
* Our key markets are videography, computer-based training,
information kiosks and presentation systems99 David
Archambault, director of business marketing, Commodore US
couple of gaping holes: music and graphics.
Apple. PC cloners and Atari have pretty much managed to fill the vacuum in the sound department, leaving only graphics, animation and video to Commodore. That’s why so many American Aminas are A2000s and 3000s and why the Video Toaster's so popular. That's why there’s so many accelerator boards and high-capacity hard drives, 24-bit graphics cards and image-processing packages coming out of there. And that’s why there's so few A500s, no A500 Pluses and no A 1500s.
Or compare it with the UK in another way.
At September’s World of Commodore expo in Pasedena. California, 30 of the 50 exhibitors The Video Toaster, which enables amazing effects to be applied to video, has such a following in the US that a whole magazine is dedicated to it.
Showcased custom Amiga graphics hardware and software. The remainder were user groups, peripherals suppliers and desktop publishing word processing purveyors. There wasn't a games software house anywhere in sight. And the only A500s on show were those fitted up with 68030 accelerator boards. The Amiga range is being firmly pitched at the burgeoning video, presentation, training and multimedia markets and the new A4000 is at the sharp end of Commodore's medium-term marketing strategy.
45 no O o s But if Commodore's prime targets in the USA are these power-hungry professional markets, why should it bother releasing the A600 in the States - an entry-level Amiga based on the slowest chip of the lot?
It's true that the company is leaving the bulk of low-end sales to the UK and Europe where it rightly expects the A600 to sell in droves. But unlike its British division.
Commodore US is at least attempting to package the A600 as more than just a games machine. Potential US buyers can look forward to a basic A600 pack that includes the role-playing game Myth, and two arcade-based Continued on page 48 No doubt you’ve all seen Terminator 2 or the Michael Jackson videos. If you have then chances are you will have been impressed by amazing visual effects as one shape changes into another.
A few years ago these kind of effects were beyond film makers’ wildest dreams, but then they started using computers to do the huge quantities of calculation involved. Nowadays, however, the power to metamorphose cinematic images is starting to appear on the Amiga.
The next few months are to see the UK release of two very exciting products.
Both MorphPlus from ASDG and Cine Morph from GVP will bring cinematic- quality 24-bit morphing to the Amiga. To really appreciate these effects you have to see them ‘live’.
The big names in Amiga productivity come from the US. Here's a round-up of the leading practitioners pushing the boundaries of hardware and software... ASD G LOCATION: MADISON, WISCONSIN HOT PRODUCTS: MORPHPLUS, ART DEPARTMENT PRO MorphPlus is a stunning new still and full-motion morphing package which comes complete with interesting built-in video effects like warping, twirling, rotation, rippling and spherising.
Check out the full review of MorphPlus in Amiga Format 42.
It can be either be used on its own or in conjunction with Art Department Professional which has rapidly become the state-of-the-art Amiga image-processing system. It comes with some excellent animation features, Arexx programmability, JPEG compression and built-in 24-bit printing. ADP also incorporates quite literally thousands of image-manipulation functions.
BLACK BELT SYSTEMS LOCATION: GLASGOW, MONTANA HOT PRODUCT: IMAGEMASTER After the phenomenal success of its HAM-E extended graphics system for the Amiga, Black Belt is concentrating on Imagemaster, an advanced image-manipulation suite incorporating morphing capabilities, full 24-bit painting and processing facilities, image composition, analysis and extensive file- format conversion.
Along with 24-bit rendering of animated sequences, Imagemaster also features hundreds of other useful image effects.
CENTAUR LOCATION: LAWNDALE CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCT: OPALVISION Developer of the OpalVision 24-bit graphics and video system, Centaur delivers true 24-bit RGB graphics facilities including Reviewed in Issue 41 painting and image °f Amiga Format.
Processing using OpalPaint software and presentation software in the form of the forthcoming OpalPresents.
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INOVATRONICS LOCATION: DALLAS, TEXAS 0 Wit HOT PRODUCT: CANDO
As a multimedia authoring platform, enabling users to build
their own stand-alone Amiga applications incorporating any
text, graphic and sound data, the only problem that people
found with CanDo was its price. It wasn't that it was too
expensive, the problem was that it cost too little and
subsequently people thought it wasn't any good. However, as an
Amiga Format reader you'll know all about its power because we
gave it away on the cover of issue 36. The latest version,
CanDo 2, is even more powerful.
CanDo was given away on the cover of Amiga Format 36.
Moii f LOCATION: NEW YORK, NEW YORK HOT PRODUCTS: CALIGARI2, CALIGARI BROADCAST Caligari 2, and its high-end version, Caligari Broadcast for accelerated Amigas, offer realtime 3D modelling, rendering and animation with what must be one of the easiest-to-use interfaces of Caligari 2 - probably the easiest any such product. All you do is get program of its type to use.
A simple shape, put it on the screen and drag it around until you've got it into the right shape for what you need - as simple as the principles behind Domark's 3D Construction Kit. The neatest feature is the facility to manipulate fully rendered objects into animated sequences prior to ray-tracing.
OXXI -AEGIS LOCATION: LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCTS: PRESENTATION MANAGER, SUPERBASE, VIDEOSTAGE With Presentation Master secured as one of the Amiga's leading packages for the automated storylining and design of slide and video presentations, Oxxi has now moved on to video titling and presentation with VideoStage.
This is much more of a post production tool, for editing and planning cuts between different scenes. Although this has been done, Oxxi is putting an awfully big effort into making its new program the best in terms of user friendliness and ease.
¦ SCALA LOCATION: RESTON, VIRGINIA HOT PRODUCT: SCALAMM200 The update to the much-acclaimed 5ca a, MM200 features even better multimedia authoring with full graphics, animation, soundtrack and special screen transitions (often just called wipes).
In addition, MM200 can control external devices like the CDTV for playing normal music Cds, an ION still video camera, MIDI keyboards and synths and much, much more.
The idea is that you take all the elements and use them to produce combined 'multimedia' presentations for communicating ideas in a highly public, attractive way.
CSA LOCATION: SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCTS: MAGNUM 40 4, ROCKET LAUNCHER, MEGA MIDGET RACER, DERRINGER CSA's claim to fame is its impressive range of accelerator The Mega Midget cards for A500s and Rater accelerator.
2000s. The latest to be released, the $ 250 Derringer, plugs into an A500 and effectively transforms it into a powerful 25MHz 68030 A3000.
DIGITAL CREATIONS LOCATION: RANCHO CORDOVA, CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCT: DCTV With DCTV, stealing masses of magazine inches last year, Digital Creations is now extending its features with an RGB converter, making it possible to do mixedmode presentations and use a genlock with DCTV. Seizing on the demand for pro-video Amiga hardware, Digital is also readying Kitchen Sync - a dual-channel time base corrector - and Brilliance, a new 24-bit paint package with morphing capability and rumoured to surpass Deluxe Paint in all departments.
DCTV, the excellent video digitiser and paint package.
GVP LOCATION: KING OF PRUSSIA, PENNSYLVANIA HOT PRODUCTS: IV-24, CINEMORPH, G-LOCK, PHONEPAK, A530 Following the success of its IV-24 board which features built-in genlock, 24-bit frame grabber, real-time framegrabber and 24-bit paint software, GVP has moved into morphing with CneMorph, which handles 24-bit animated sequences, and G-Lock, a low-cost PAL standard genlock with on-board audio and video processors, display enhancers and on-board effects software. Latest in line is PhonePak, an all-in-one fax, voice and answering machine on a single card.
ICD LOCATION: ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS HOT PRODUCTS: ADSCSI, ADIDE, ADRAM, ADSPEED, TRIFECTA ICD's most successful release has been Flicker Free Video 2, a display enhancer (flicker fixer) for all Amigas except the A600. FFV2 is a smart enhancer, in that it looks at the current screen mode and corrects automatically for interlaced and non-interlaced screens. It comes with Video Prefs, a small utility that lets you tweak your Amiga display to your viewing system.
Following on from its low-cost power peripherals - SCSI and IDE adaptors, memory boards and accelerators comes ICD's latest star performer. Trifecta is a single board for all Amigas which features a fast SCSI-2 controller and a 16-bit IDE hard card.
GOLD DISK LOCATION: TORRANCE, CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCTS: PROFESSIONAL PAGE 3, PROFESSIONAL DRAW3, VIDEO DIRECTOR, SHOWMAKER King of Amiga productivity, Gold Disk has been busy extending its DTP prowess into the area of multimedia. New product VideoDirector is a low-cost editing system that will enable you to hook up your machine to a camcorder and VCR, while ShowMaker will enable you to take the results and sequence them up for multimedia presentations.
Multimedia goodies from Gold Disk.
47 NEWTEK LOCATION: TOPEKA, KANSAS NEW HORIZONS LOCATION: AUSTIN, TEXAS Hot products: PROWRITE 3.3, FLOW, QUICKWRITE, A-TALK III With Pro Write virtually established as the word processor for the Amiga, New Horizons has moved on through ideas processing (which is .
Basically a thoughts ln9 wl,h rlow- organiser or out- liner) with Flow, and into comms with the highly acclaimed A-Talk III ANNUAL 1993 HOT PRODUCTS: DIGI-VIEW, VIDEO TOASTER Not content with bringing high-quality digitising to the Amiga with Digi- View, NewTek surpassed all expectations by launching Video Toaster. W., Boasting a vast The Video Toaster - array of digital PAL verslon Yet- video effects.
Toaster transforms an A2000 into the edit controller of a $ 60,000 broadcast suite.
¦ SOFT-LOGIK LOCATION: ST. LOU IS, MISSOURI HOT PRODUCTS: PAGESTREAM, HOTLINKS EDITIONS, ART EXPRESSION With Soft-Logik's desktop publishing package PageStream vying for market leadership with Gold Disk's ProPage, the com- . ...... pany has upped the stakes with The Am'9° Format Gold-winning the introduction of Hotlinks PageStream 2.2. Editions, which brings integration for built-in photo editors, text processor and outliners to automate DTP productions.
Soft-Logik is now shipping its new illustration package Art Expression, which offers sophisticated drawing features and special text placement effects.
SUNRIZE LOCATION: CAMPBELL, CALIFORNIA HOT PRODUCTS: AD516, STUDIO 16 AD516 is a 16-bit, stereo digital audio card
- the only one on the Amiga market that features eight tracks -
which, in conjunction with Studio 16 2.0, enables direct to
hard disk recording with complete timecode support, giving
users professional-standard audio recording.
Sunrize is to continue to support and expand its proprietary hard disk sampling system, and with Commodore holding back any enhancements to the Amiga's sound chips, they have the professional sound market pretty well sewn up.
VIRTUAL REALITY LABS LOCATION: SAN LOUIS OBISPO, CAUFORNIA HOT PRODUCTS: DISTANT SUNS, VISTAPRO, TERRAMORPH The earlier astronomical 'observatory on a desktop' Distant Suns was pretty unique, but the fractal landscape generator VistaPro really turned a few heads. Its latest version, 3.0, provides advanced texturing, true 3D trees and the capability of saving left right views of landscapes for subsequent viewing with 3D glasses. With TerraMorph, however, Virtual Reality looks like pushing limits even further with 3D morphing animations in DCTV format.
“ Commodore's visibility should increase significantly during the next year as new programs, products, strategies and applications mature,.. * Although Toaster installed AMIGA FORMAT PI ANNUAL 1993 THE STATESIDE MAGAZINE SCENE - AND BUYING FROM THE USA out any problems, but nevertheless, despite all of the above, buying from the US can be a cost-effective solution.
So what about the user’s side of the scene in the states? The magazines? You’d think they’d be thick, glossy works of art like Amiga Format, bursting with high-resolution shots of the latest image packages. But you’d be wrong. For the most part they’re thin, poorly laid out and over-priced.
The two main American Amiga magazines are Amazing Amiga Computing and Amiga World. Both are available over here for £2.50 and £2.80 respectively - if you can find them - and both largely cater for semi-professional Amiga users with the occasional diversion into games round-ups.
Neither of them feature disks, a phenomenon which hasn’t appeared to reach the States yet, and both come in at around 100 pages. While, as you might expect, the editorial tends to weigh heavily in favour of US products, they provide a useful source of information on new hardware and applications which may, if taken up by UK distributors, find distribution over here.
Less well known, but still well worth a look, are Amiga News, a 95-cents monthly newspaper (® 0101-603 924 9455), The Amiga-Video Journal, a $ 3.95 specialist bi-monthly magazine available from Avid Publishing 0101-408-252-0508) and Video Toaster User, a $ 4 bi-monthly, also available from Avid, which may be of interest in the unlikely event that you have a Toaster.
Looking through some of the US prices in these magazines you might be tempted to order direct from the States rather than wait for local distribution, especially because by the time the product is available here, the dollar exchange rate is more often than not a straight 1$ =1£. But there’s a few points to bear in mind when ordering from the US - or anywhere overseas for that matter.
First, unless you want to get involved in money orders and the like, you’ll need a credit card such as Visa, American Express or Master Card (which includes Access cards) to buy the gear.
Secondly, once the item has been dispatched by overseas freight handlers like Federal Express or TNT Express couriers, you’ll have to add another three elements to the price that you’ve already paid. When the goods arrive at UK customs, both import duty of 9 per cent and VAT of 17.5 per cent is slapped on to the value of the items as stated in accompanying documentation, then, finally, the couriers will usually add approximately £10 as a ‘deferment processing fee’, regardless of whether postage and packing costs were quoted in the original sale price.
So as you can see, a product worth £100 in dollars can rapidly cost you over £135 by the time you receive it.
The other two main points to remember are that US power supplies run off 110 volt systems and any device featuring composite video inputs outputs will usually be configured for NTSC signals rather than our own PAL.
Of course, there are other points to think about too. Like what happens if anything’s faulty, what are your warranty rights and the extra costs of phone calls involved in sorting Reality Studio 2. It also includes a 40Mb hard drive rather than a 20Mb drive in the UK.
What both Commodore US and its overseas arms agree on, though, is the company's intention to capitalise on CD-ROM technology as a key part of its strategy. Indeed. When asked at the Pasedena press conference about the possibility of a portable Amiga, David Archambault.
Commodore US director of business marketing, replied that not only would this now be a distinct possibility given the ever-decreasing price of colour LCD screen technology, but such a machine could feature CD-ROM as integral. While in American parlance the A570 CD drive and CDTV are seen as 'multimedia delivery platforms’, it's only in the States where productivity software, as opposed to games conversions and PD collections. Is beginning to come out on CD.
But competition in the American computing market isn't the sole reason why the Amiga is so strongly associated with prominence in video graphics performance.
The chip set at the heart of the machine was.
Of course, designed from the outset with video graphics in mind and. Judging by a recent US survey of professional video users, it would appear to have succeeded - over 50 per cent of the video people who replied had an Amiga involved in post-production.
So when an enterprising bunch of hackers set up a company called NewTek and successfully launched the Video Toaster into US graphics markets you might think worldwide domination by the Amiga as the de facto video computer would follow. But no.
Amiga instantly gives your machine the postproduction effects capability of a $ 60,000 video editing suite, it will only do so as long as you're working with the US NTSC video standard. A UK PAL version is yet to appear and seems increasingly unlikely to. Bought as either a stand-alone system for $ 4,000 or a $ 2,600 add-on that fits straight into a A2000, The Toaster has four custom video chips, four video inputs and two video outputs. Lightwave 3D, the 3D modelling software bundled with the card, is also supplemented by ToasterCG, a character generator. ToasterPaint. A 24-bit paint package
and ChromaFX, a colour processing and keying package.
A single w board in an The heart of the suite is the Switcher interface which handles all the built-in digital effects.
Video signals can easily be combined, flipped, warped, dissolved, faded, chromakeyed - too many effects to name, really, as there are hundreds of combinations.
“ This is the most exciting time for Amiga computing Amanda Griffiths, communications specialist, Commodore US In short, what you have at B your fingertips is a means B of taking video signals, B manipulating them, adding B text and graphics and B outputting the results back B to tape. And all at US B broadcast quality. B Such are the revolution- ary capabilities of the B Toaster that it is now B .migrating to the Macintosh B platform. At Boston's MacWorld Expo last year, NewTek wowed showgoers with a Mac, hooked up to an A2000, processing live video events in real time. Great news
for the Amiga's profile, you might think, but ironically, the A2000's badge was covered over by the Video Toaster logo and no mention of the word 'Amiga' appeared in the accompanying documentation. Neither does any reference to the Amiga appear in the current Video Toaster publicity. The Toaster board is more and more being pushed as a stand-alone graphics workstation using the Amiga as a host device.
It may come as no surprise either that at a recent Los Angeles Area Video Toaster Users Group meeting running alongside the Pasadena show, a two-hour exhibition of current Toaster capabilities ended without a single mention of the Amiga as playing any part in the proceedings.
Given the emergence and tremendous growth of Video Toaster User magazine, it COMPANY ASDG 925 Stewart Street, Madison W1 53713 ® 0101-608 273 6585 BLACK BELT SYSTEMS 398 Johnson Road, RR-1 4272, Glasgow MT 59230 a 0101-406 367 5513 CENTAUR SOFTWARE PO Box 4400, Redondo, California 90278 a 0101-310 542 2226 CSA 7574 Trade Street, San Diego, California 92121 a 0101-619566 3912 DIGITAL CREATIONS 2865 Sunrise Boulevard, Suite 103 Rancho Cordova, California 95742 a 0101-916 344 4825 GVP 600 Clark Avenue, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, PA 19406 a 0101-215 337 8770 GOLD DISK Unit 5, 5155 Spectrum
Way, Mississagua, Ontario, Canada L4W 5A1 a 0101-416 602 4000 ICD 1220 Rock Street, Rockford, Illinois 61101 a 0101-815 968 2228 NEW HORIZONS 206 Wild Basin Road, Suite 109, Austin, Texas 78716 a 0101-512 328 6650 would seem this extraordinary hardware now has an independent life and identity of its own.
Perhaps it's too much of an exaggeration to say that NewTek has single-handedly pioneered the low-cost desktop video market.
But as far as the Amiga is concerned the Toaster has acted as a focal point for a growing number of quite stunning graphics manipulation packages.
The broadcast video market is only part of the Amiga's story in America. The other big area is 3D modelling and morphing, and this is why a machine with the power and graphics handling of the A4000 is now needed. Rendering and ray tracing are time-consuming and processorintensive pastimes and anything to cut production times is a benefit. Hence the proliferation of accelerator boards, high-capacity SCSI drives and compression utilities, all of which have been arriving in droves of late.
But the hardware is the tip of the iceberg.
Never has it been easier to produce ray-traced animations and graphical extravaganzas.
There's 24-bit digitisers. 24-bit paint packages, 24-bit image-manipulation applications and broadcast-standard video output devices to transfer the results for posterity.
Take a look at the map on the previous page and you will see what all the main US developers are working on. And if you count the number of graphics packages and peripherals about to hit the market, you'll see the choice is bewildering.
CONTACTS NEWTEK 215 SE, 8th St, Topeka, Kansas 66603 a 0101-913 354 1146 INOVATRONICS 8499 Greenville Avenue, Ste 209B, Dallas TX 75231 a 0101-619 729 5127 MICRO SYSTEMS SOFTWARE 12798 Forest Hill Boulevard, West Palm Beach, Florida 33414 a 0101 407 790 0770 OCTREE 311 W. 43rd St, Suite 904 New York NY 10036 a 0101-212 369 1733 OXXI-AEGIS PO Box 90309, Long Beach, California 90806 a 0101 310 427 1227 SCALA 12110 Sunset Hills Road STE 100 Reston Virginia 22090 a 0101-703 709 8043 SOFT-LOGIK PO BOX 515589, St Louis Missouri, MO 63123 a 0101-314 894 8608 SUNRIZE 2959 S Winchester Boulevard,
Campbell, California 95008 a 0101-408 374 4962 SOFTWOOD INC PO Box 50178, Phoenix, Arizona 85076 a 0101-602 431 9151 VIRTUAL REALITY LABS 2341 Ganador Court, San Luis Obispo California 93401 a 0101-805 545 8515 ASTOUNDING US AMIGA FACTS 1 Believe it or not, Lurch from The Addams Family was seen wandering around the Pasadena Show on the day of the launch of the A4000.
Apparently he’s a big Amiga fan and heavily into 3D graphics and animation.
2 Americans being Americans, there’s no opportunity missed for turning a dime into a dollar. How about 25 HAM images for $ 70 that ‘your bride has been waiting for’? Our This man was found lurking around fhe A4000 launch in California.
Wedding, as the disk is affectionately named, features clip art overlays which can be added to your wedding video.
« 0101-212-978-8508 for more.
3 How about a series of eight-disk sets, which comprise five to six megabytes of digitised Korean, Chinese and Japanese speech organised as talking-picture dictionaries? Audio Gallery provides just such a language service - it also has French, German, Russian and Spanish versions to boot. A boon to any budding linguist.
® 0101-703-820-1954 for more.
4 Because of cheaper phone call prices, the US has always managed to have a far stronger comms following than the United Kingdom. Portal, Internet, CompuServe and The Source are just some of the US bulletin boards that offer contacts with thousands of US Amiga users.
But what about a board that acts exclusively as an electronic mail-order service for Amiga products? The Computer Shopping Network, motto: ‘Never pay retail or mail-order prices again’ - provides just that.
49 Log on 0101-615 573 8888.
5 In its bid to make serious headway into a market dominated by the likes of IBM and Apple, Commodore US is now running a series of aggressive advertisements in all major US magazines and newspapers. The best headline? ‘Nothing will sell you on Commodore multimedia like a few minutes with Apple or IBM’.
ANNUAL 1993 6 The biggest craze in the American Amiga community at the moment is morphing. With Black Belt’s ImageMaster, GVP’s CineMorph and ASDG’s MorphPlus (see page 45) all selling by the bucket load, high-end picture transitions like those seen in The Abyss and Terminator 2, are now surfacing on PD disks.
Morphs of a... erm... far more exotic and less salubrious kind, are also starting to make an appearance.
7 American Amiga users have access to over 3,400 products from 676 manufacturers and software companies and can choose to join as many as 389 local user groups. Yet Commodore US publicly states that it’s sold seven times more machines in Europe than the States.
8 Such is the prominence of the Amiga in professional graphics that Warner Brothers TV is to run a new live-action sci-fi series, Babylon 5, which features ray-traced space combat sequences generated entirely by Video Toasters running NewTek’s Lightwave 3D modelling software. No word yet as to whether UK TV companies have bought the rights though.
9 The Video Toaster now has 18 user groups across the US, with the greatest concentration, surprise surprise, in the west.
The Toaster demo tape, Revolution, has currently shipped 125,000 copies and up to 60,000 toasters have been sold to date.
10 NewTek started business in a rented office in Topeka, Kansas, with a sign in the window stating ‘Nuclear Waste Disposal Facility’. Such is the attention to detail of the average Topekan that not one complaint was filed with the local authorities, even after a television crew turned up to interview local passers by.
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Must be taken out within 30 days of purchase.
TRILOGIC r SAVE UPTON £100 OR MORE.
With all AMIGAs, PRINTERS & MONITORS, w® Wl11 9*® you 10 discount each vouchers worth 40% off the manufacturers RRP of the Top 30 games. Eg a £24.99 game would cost just £14.99 x10 . = £100 saved. The dearer the a game-the more you save.
LOWER PRICE.
MONITORS & TV MONITORS PHILIPS CM8833mk2 £194.99 14" SCREEN STEREO SOUND RGB 4 COMPOSITE INPUTS ON SITE WARRANTY LOTUS TURBO CHALLENGE OFFICIAL UK MODS.
DUST COVER £7.99 CONNECTING LEAD £a99 COMMODORE 1084S £239.99 LATEST UK MODS.
14" ANTIGLARE SCREEN GREEN SCREEN SWTTCH STEREO SOUND RGB 4 COMPOSITE INPUTS DUST COVER £7.99 CONNECTING LEAD £3.99 GOLDSTAR TV MONITOR £179.99 14" SCREEN FULL REMOTE CONTROL SCART SOCKET (rgb Input) SUPERB PICTURE DUST COVER £7.99 CONNECTING LEAD £3.99 Pcs FROM ONLY £339 + VAT LOW COST TRILOGIC 'ATLAS’ Pcs 286-16 Inc Mono white VGA monitor, 1 meg ram, from £339*vat 386SX33 Inc 14“ svga colour monitor, 1 meg ram, from £476*vat 388dx40 Inc 14" svga colour monitor, 1 meg ram, from £519+vat 486sx2S Inc 14" svga colour monitor, 4 meg ram, from £659*vat 486dx50 Inc 14" svga colour monitor, 4 meg
ram, from £974+vat Prices above include 1x1,44meg 3.5* disk drk e, 256k VGA card, 2, serial, printer & games ports but no hard drive.
Add £120+vat for 40meg HD or £169+vat for 85meg HD; £20per meg fa extra ram. On site warranties & all other parts available. Eg Pc Mouse- L £14.00; 1 Meg Windows accelerator - £129.00. etc A TV TUNER - Suitable for use with Philips 4 Commodore monitors. - ONLY £3999 EXTERNAL DISK DRIVES MONO PRINTERS CITIZEN 1200* BUDGET MODEL ONLY £129.99 9 pin printer with 144cps draft & 25cps Near letter quality print speed. Pull tractor & friction feeds. Three fonts . Epson & Ibm em ulations. ' COLOUR PRINTERS CITIZEN SWIFT 224D COLOUR £219.99 192cps draft, 64cps NLQ, a simplified version of the Swift 24,
similar print quality.
ROCLITE RF382C Slimline drive £56.99 CUMANA CAX 354 3.5" DRIVE £54.99 All drives feature thru port & disable switch.
Using more than one external drive ? - you need our External Drive Dower unit - see opposite page for details.
CITIZEN SWIFT 9 SUPERB QUALITY FOR ONLY £169.99 9 pin prirrter capable of 192cps draft. 48cps NLQ printing speed. Four buiit-in fonts. Friction & tractor feeds. Paper park - saves having to remove continous paper when you want to use single sheets. Low cost ribbons. 2 year warranty.
Epson & IBM Proprinter em ulations. Low noise level CITIZEN SWIFT 9X Wide carriage version of above £319.99 CITIZEN SWIFT 240 SUPERB NEW MODEL 4 ONLY £264.99 24 pm printer with 240cps draft & 80 cps letter quality print speed. Nine letter quaSty fonts. 2 scalable letter quality fonts. Paper parking, push & pull tractor feed, friction teed. Epson LQ570, NEC P20 & IBM Proprinter24xe em ulations.
Ultra low noise level, + quiet m ode fa even lower noise. 2 year warranty.
CITIZEN PROJET INKJET LASER QUALITY PRINT £399.99 300dpi Laser quality 50 nozzle INK jet printer. Fast & very quiet. 360cps draft & 240 cps letter quality print speed.Three letter quality fonts + optional font cards.
HP Deskjet Plus em uiation. Optional 128k & 256k ram cards. 100 sheet CITIZEN SWIFT 9C SUPERB QUALITY FOR ONLY £184.99 9 pin printer capable of 192cps draft, 48cps NLQ printing speed. Four built-in fonts. Friction & tractor feeds. Paper park - saves having to remove continous paper when you want to use single sheets. Low cost ribbons. 2 year warranty. Epson & IBM Proprinter em ulations. Low noise level.
I crTIZEN SWIFT 240C SUPERB NEW MODEL 4 ONLY £284.99 S v 4 pin printer with 240cps draft & 80 cps letter quality print speed. Nine letter quality fonts. 2 scalable letter quality fonts. Paper parking, push & pul tractor feed, friction feed. Epson LQ570, NEC P20 & IBM proprinter24xe emulations. Uitra low noise level, + quiet mode fa even lower noise. 2 year warranty, incredible quality colour graphics.
MEMORY UPGRADES AMIGA 500 PLUS 1MEG MEMORY UPGRADE £39.99 Just plugs in. No soldering.Warranty unaffected.
A500 500+ 1 2meg upgrade without dock £21.99 A500 500* 1 2meg upgrade with clock 4 battery £24.99 Just plugs in. No soldering.Warranty unaffected.
AMIGA 600 1 meg upgrade + clock (unpopulated) £27.99 AMIGA 600 1meg upgrade + clock complete- now only £44.99 Just plugs in. No soldering.Warranty unaffected.
A500 500+ EXTERNAL MEMORY UPGRADES automatic feeder. Optional tracta feed & second sheet feeder.
RICOH LPI200 6PAGE MINUTE LASER PRINTER £799.99 Low price 6 page pa m inute, 300dpi laser printer. 400dpi capability with 2m eg ram upgrade (Windows 3 400dpi driver available). Sharp edged printing resolution enhancment. Full A4 graphics with standard 2Meg ram. HP LaserJet III compatible, with PCL5 4 HP GL 2 capability. 8 scalable resident fonts, 14 resident bit mapped fonts. Can print on OHP film & card upto 175gsm. Saial & Paralle ports & 1 yea on-site warranty. Low running costs.
2Meg Ram upgrade - £189.99 Tona - £79.00 OPC cartridge (drum) - £99.99 2nd paper feeder bin - £109.99
x. FREE DRIVER DISK WITH ALL CITIZEN PRINTERS_ AVAILABLE IN MONO
& COLOUR VERSIONS These new printers feature improved
perfamance. Iowa noise level, mae fonts, scalable fonts, easy
to use control panel & m ono of colour versions. With even
clearer print quality, & enhanced colour print quality, we
have yet to see a better printer fa even twice the price. Can
print on OHP film & envelopes, & the quarter size print
feature enables pages fa Personal aganiser to be prirted. Fa
mae com ptex printing, the internal 8k buffer cam be expanded
to 40k or 136K.
Fully com patible with the Am iga & virtually aH other com puters - drivers available fa Microsoft Windows too.
Printa lead just £3.99 extra with all printers.
SUPRA RAM 8Meg -1 Meg fitted £99.99 SUPRA RAM 8Meg - 2Meg fitted £139.99 SUPRA RAM 8Meg - 4Meg fitted £199.99 SUPRA RAM 8Meg - 8Meg fitted £299.99
1. 5 MEG A500 UPGRADE fully populated NOW ONLY £69.99 AMIGA
150CY2000 8 MEG MEMORY CARD £79.99 USES 1 MEG *9 SIMMS £24.99
EACH PRINTER & MONITOR LEADS GVP HD6 - NO DRIVE E194.
GVP SERIES II HD6+ 52 Meg fcx A500 - now only £339.99 GVP SERIES II HD6+ 120meg for A500-now only £429.99 GVP SERIES II HD6+ 240meg fa A500-now only £699.99 The HD8 series II can accept either 1 a 2a 4. 1 meg simms, or 2, 4 meg simms.
A530 52Meg Hard drive 4 68030 Accelerator for A500 £669.99 A530 1 20Meg Hard drive 4 88030 Accelerator for A500 £769.99 A530 240Meg Hard drive 4 68030 Accelerator for A500 £999.99The The A530 Com bcs feature a 68030 40MHz cpu, 1 m eg ram expandable to 8m egs, 68882 m aths co-processor socket, power supply, cooling fan, m ini- ex pans ion slot, SCSI hard disk control la & hard disk as specified above. The A530 run at 12MIPS com pared to standard Am iga's 0.87MIPS GVP 88882 MATHS CO-PROCESSOR KIT for A530 COMBO £209.99 GVP SERIES II HC8 for A1500 2000 - NO DRIVE £119.99 GVP SERIES R HC8+ 52meg
for A1500 2000-now only £279.99 GVP SERIES I HC8+ 120meg for A1500 2000- now only £409.99 GVP SERIES I HC8 + 240meg for A1500 2000-now only £649.99 The HC 8 Saies II can accept upto 8, 1 m eg x9 Sim m s in 2 m eg steps.
1 MEG SIMMS FOR GVP DRIVES £24.99 4MEG SIMMS FOR GVP DRIVES £89.99 GVP IMPACT EXTERNAL TWIN 51 4" HARD DRIVE CASE £174.99 COMMODORE A590 UPGRADES A590 52meg QUANTUM 9CSI upgrade -easy to fit £209.99 A590120meg QUANTUM SCSI upgrade - easy to ftt £349.99 A590 45meg NEC SCSI upgrade- easy to ftt £189.99 A590106m eg NEC SCSI upgrade-easy to ftt £299.99 A590 MEMORY CHIPS £24 99 MEG CUMANA C0M3CH gTSflfi WIVE IHTEBFACE-- Feature 1 2 meg ram & battery backed clock, plus ST506 hard drive interface fa old PC drives. (Cables & power supply required) CTRM.OGC 1992. EAOE Price ch«r$ *d are tho** current on
th* d«y you ord*r - occ*mlon*By, tom* m«y have chang* •rthsr way tine* this advartbamant mat comptoed (2 9192) ORDERS FROM PLCa, LOCAL GOVERNMENT & EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS WELCOME ACCELERATORS & EMULATORS rPRICES SUPERB GVP HARD DRIVES Vdown ;cs POWER PC CARD FOR AMIGA 500 4 500 PLUS £199.99 KCS ABOVE without MS Dos4 £189 99 KCS POWER PC EMULATOR CARD FOR AMIGA 600 £POA AMIGA 15002000 KCS ADAPTOR , £64.99 VORTEX AT ONCE PLUS 286 PC EMULATOR FOR A500 £219.99 This is a 16MHz PC card fa the Am iga500,500+,1500,2000, enabling your Am iga to run PC software. No soldering installation; VGA, EGA &
CGA PC graphics modes supported; runs as a task on the Am iga; supports hard drives.80287 socket.
VORTEX GOLDEN GATE 386 CARD FOR 15002000 £449.99 The very latest PC Card fa the A1500 2000, using a 386 cpu running A 25MHz. IDE drive interface, 1.44 2.88Mb FDD controller, CGA EGA VGA & Hacules em uiation, 80387 socket etc. Runs as a task, runs Windows 3 in 386 Mode. Hdds upto 16Mb ram - 4Mb can be used by Amiga MORE GVP HARDWARE GVP PC28616MHz EMULATOR fa Series H Had drives £229..99 This is a plug-in module fa the GVP HD8 Saies II hard drives. As it fits inside the GVP, there is no risk erf voiding the com puter warranty aas with otha intanally fitting emulators. Runs most PC software inc
Windows, & supports EGA VGA CGA, & Hacules graphics, uses the A500s intanal drive to reacV write MSDos disks (720k). 80287 socket G-FORCE030-25MHz Accelerator for A1500 2000. 1m ram £569.99 G-FORCE 03O-4OMHz Accelerator for A1500 200CL 4m ram £799.99 G-FORCE 040-33MHz Accelerator for A1500 200Q 4m ram £1569.99 GVP SIMM-32 32btt 1 meg 60ns simm fa A530 4 G-Force £55.99 GVP SIMM-32 32bk 1 meg 40ns slmm for A530 4 G-Face £154.99 GVP SIMM-32 32bit 4meg 60ns simm fa A530 4 G-Face £164.99 IV24 248IT PROFESSIONAL VIDEO CARD fa A3000 £1379.99 AMIGA 150Q2000 IV24 Adaptor £44.99 The IV24 features:
24bit= 16 Million colours; separate RGB & Composite Genlocks; Real tim e tram e grabba; Flick a dim insrfa - gives A1500 2000 owners the added bonus of a built in flicker fixa; Sim ulta eous RGB, composite & S-VHS outputs - makes video recording easy; Picture in picture display; Arexx supported. Full software control. Includes special IV24 versions of Scala, Caligari & Macropaint software.
AM PI 1.8m LONG PARALLEL PRINTER LEAD £9.99 AMP2 3m LONG PARALLEL PRINTER LEAD £1299 HARD DRIVES AMP3 5m LONG PARALLEL PRINTER LEAD £16.99 M FI 25WAY MALE -F EMALE LEAD 2m LONG £10.99 MM1 25WAY MALE -MALE LEAD 2m LONG £10.99 M M2 36W MALE -MALE LEAD 2m LONG 1299 PRINTER SHARER 2 WAY INC LEAD £21.99 2 PIECE UNIVERSLA PLASTIC PRINTER STAND £7.99 UNIVERSAL METAL PRINTER STAND 4 PAPER HOLDER £1299 1 ACROSS 8 adhesive LABELS approx 35"x1.5 10CX) for £7.99 CONTINUOUS60gm PAPER 11 "xa5" boxof2000for £21.99 RIBBON RE-INKING SPRAY-Jet black-saves £££a £11.99 MONO RIBBONS £4.99 esch for: CITIZEN
120D SWIFT 9 24 224 124; STARLC1 (V2CYLC15 24-1ONB24 1 CVNX1000; AMSTRAD DMP200CV 3000 315CV400OPCW8256; BROTHER HR1 M1008 M1224; COMMODORE MPS801 803; OK1182 192320 32; 1 PANASONIC KXPI 081 1090; SHINWA CP80; EPSON MX FX RX80 100 ORIGINAL COLOUR RIBBONS ALL AT £15.99 for: SWIFT 9 24 224 LC10 LC20 LC20QLC24-20Q (State which) TAILORED PVC PRINTER DUST COVERS E7.9& Fa popular Citizen & Star printers - please state printer when ordaing.
A LI FOR Tvs WITH SCART SOCKET (Not fa VCRs) £13.99 including Sony, Philips, Ferguson, Hitachi, Toshiba, Mitsubishi etc AL2 for Faguson McOI McOCVMcOSwlth 8 pin Din socket £1299 AL4 fa Hitachi Granada sets with 7pln Din RGB input £1299 AL6 fa Amstrad CPC464 6128 monitor (with no sound) £1299 AL6B fa new Amstrad CPC stereo monk or £1299 AL7 fa 1084s monitor with 8 pin Din socket £14.99 AL7P fa 1083'1084s 8833 with 9pln D socket £14.99 AL11 with 9 pin D plug fa multisync monitors £1299 AL12 with 15 pin 3row socket fa multisync monitors £13.99 AL13 wKh 15pln 3 row plug fa multisync monitas £13.99
FLICKER FIXER LEAD - 9 plug to 15way 3 row plug £13.99 MODULATOR EXTENSION LEAD eliminates avahang £10.99 MONITOR PLINTH 1 fits over Amiga 4 supports monitor £23.99 MONITOR PLINTH 2 as above plus shelf under monitor £33.99 DELUXE MONITOR STATION fits over Amiga £49.99 includes monrta computer 1 piece PVC dust cover, mouse mat& joystick mouse extension sockets. Both plinths have cut out fa drive access & holes fa mouse joystick extension sockets.
Monita Station has cut out fa had drive as well.
MOUSE 4 JOYSTICK EXTENSION KIT FOR PLINTH 1 4 2 £7.99 pair MONITOR TILT SWIVEL BASE fa upto 14“ monitors or Tvs £1299 yMOl NOW OPEN SUNDAY 10-4PM.
Callers welcome Open Mon Fri 8am-6pm, Sat 8am - 4pm. SUN 10-4pm WeTe easy to find, just 1 .Smiles from the M62. Easy parking Leave M62 at junction 26, take A638 to Bradford, uphill, after about 1.5 miles & just past the park, turn left once over a railway bridge. After 1 4mile, look for us on left opposite a PO mail box.
OdsalT TRILOGIC ROCGEN PLUS £129.99 A superb value Genlock with overlay & fader controls + RGB pass thru._ HANDY SCANNER £99.99 In our experience, this is by far the best B W hand scanner in this price bracket 400dpi. 64 level grey Scale + excellent Datascan professional 2 scrfhvare.
ROC KEY Chroma keying unit £229.99 The ideal partner for the RocGen Plus. This add-on 'Keying' unit enables professional effects such Chroma keying, luma keying. Key through, Graphics overlay, key window ete £94.98 Frame grabber digitiser. RGB Splitter & software £57.90 For use when digibsing colour signals with VidbrDig view £499.99 Frame grabber, colour digitiser & genlock in one unit £419.99 Frame grabber & colour digitiser in one unit £144.99 Low cost hispec budget genlock.
£499i99 Semiprofessional SVHS Genlock - excellent value.
VIDI12______ RGB SPLITTER Rom bo type.
SUPERPIC________ COLOURPIC____,__ REN DALE 8802 GENLOCK _ REN DALE SUPER 8802 SVHS.
Foreground & background modes; Super VHS input & output; Composite video input 4 output; hardware controlled fades; cross fade Amiga to video; fade to black; several powerful Wipes'.
G2 VIDEOCENTRE PLUS _£1049.90 Semipro SVHS Genlock, with fades 4 wipes etc. OPAL VISION 24b* Video system £79999 Complete with Opal paint 4 Opal Presents 24 bit graphics 4 presentation packages + King erf Karate - the first 24 bit game I DCTV-------------------------- £379.99 External graphics enhancer foraH Amigas.
EPSON GT 6000 COLOUR SCANNER £919.90 Professional quality Flat bed colour scanner capable cf reeolving 16.7 Miion colours; or 256 level grey scale, at 300dpi resolution.
MEDIA STATION------------------------ £129.99 Comprises DIGIV1EW GOLD video digitiser (the best for use with a cam era) + DK3IPAINT 3+ ELAN PERFORMER.
FLICKER FREE VIDEO 2_ £229.99 Fte inside your A500,500+ 1500 or 2000 4 eliminates annoying flicker. Latest improved version.
* Requires VGA or Multisync monitor. * Compatible with ALL Am iga
video m odes.
* Overscan cesjabiiity for full screen display. * No visible scan
lines.
COLOUR MONITOf
1) Order by phone using your credit charge, cr deb* card.
2) Order by Mai - sending cheque bankers draft or postal orders
made payable to TRILOGIC.
3) Please add part postage & packing of £1.00 to small orders
under £100 or £2.00 to small orders over £100.
Minimum p&p on heavy items eg Disk drives, Stereo system s etc - £3.50 (Parcelpost) 48hr delk ery any order +£3.50. Overnight carrier +£5.50. (May take longer for outlying, rem oter areas, Uk Mainland only).
Saturday delivery - add £12.00. Datapost service available P.O.A.
• Subject to goods being in stock & orders received before
2.30pm. Goods remain our property until paid for in fulL NB.
Credit card orders subject to 2% surcharge. Ncrt applicable to
Switch, Delta, Connect or other bank DEBIT cards.)
EXPORT ORDERS WELCOME Deduct 17.5% vat, contact us for carriage charges. We export daily to most countries. Payment in Sterling onty please.
R - Ffv2 & DCTV com pattole 14' Hires 0.28mm Dot pitch £229.99 SPECIAL TRILOGiC PRODUCTS STEREO SAMPLER 2 Our Superb sounding STEREO SAMPLER 2 uses an expenskre state of the art A D chip which samples so fast, it captures every detail erf the sound Easty adjusted level control, connecting lead suppled. Futy compatible with all popular sampling software.
FREE STEREO SAMPLING SOFTWARE wth variable sample rate (upto 48000 samples per second in mono, 23000 sampler per second In stereo), variable replay speed, 4 ad ting commands NOW ONLY £34.99 TOP 30 GAMES SUPERFI2 STEREO SYSTEM - HI FI QUALITY. [ 20 WATTS C H We've looked high 4 low tor a POWERFUL, TOP QUALrTY Stereo speaker system for use with Computers, keyboards, Stereo VCRs, SateSte Systems 4 Walkmans Now we've found one -1 is a20 watt per channel, directly mains powered, 3 way speaker system. It hasBasa, treble 4 volume controls 4 comes with connecting leads Frequency response: 32Hz -
20KHz_ ONLY £54.99 ALSO AVAILABLE • ZYF1 STEREO SYSTEM • Improved model • only £32.99 MICE & JOYSTICKS ULTIMATE PRO ANALOGUE JOYSTICK Superb low cost smooth action Analogue joystick with fire button on the end, plus presttable X 4 Y trimmers, Microswitch fire buttons; autofire (not all games support auterfire) Ideal for flight simulators etc (Not all games support analogue joysticks) Only £19.99 MOUSE IJ0V5TICK PART SWITCH £12.99 Has sockets for mouse 4 joystick.
Push button selects mouse or joystick.
Uses no power unike other types.
Compatible with many dongles.
Saves wear 4 tear on m ouse port SPARES , ACCESSORIES & MISC NAKSHA MOUSE + OPERATION STEALTH OUR PRICE - £24.99 Includes Mouse mat 4 holder £39.99 £39.99 £39.99 £15.99 £24.99 £89.99 £24.99 £29.99 BUDGET REPLACEMENT MOUSE £14.99 SQUICK MOUSE” . £15.99 CDTV KEYBOARD . £49.99 CD TV TRACKBALL CONTROLLER £69.99 GRAVIS MOUSE STICK ....£65.99 DELTA 3A ANALOGUE JOYSTICK £14.99 PRO QUALITY ANALOGU E JOYSTICK £19.99 ZIPST1CK AUTOFIRE . £13.99 MEGA STAR HEAVY DUTY JOYSTICK £26.99 SPEEDK1NG AUTOFIRE ...£11.99 OPTICAL MOUSE ..
£37.99 MOUSE MAT .. £3.99 MOUSE HOLDER .. £1.99 JOYSTICK EXTENSION LEAD (3m) £2.49 PC ANALOG JOYSTICK CONVERTER £7.99 £44.99 £29.99 r PRINTER PORT EXPANDERS FOR USE WITH PRINTERS, SAMPLERS, VIDEO DIGITISERS, SCANNERS ETC These com pact fuBy Switched Expansion boxes enable you to connect upto four peripherals to your computer. The connectors on the units are the same type as the Com puter's printer connector so your periperals just plug straight in. A connecting lead worth £10.99 - 2m or 300m m long (stale which) is supplied free, to link the Expander to
the com puter. All 25 connections are switehed, ensuring total isolation of al connected devices.
2way - £24.99 3way - £27.99 4way - £29.99 TWO WAY SC ART SWITCH
217. 99 This compact switch box converts most Tvs 4 Tv monitors
to DUAL SCART INPUT. Thus you can connect your Amiga 4 your
VCR to the one scart socket on your Tv. A push button switch
selects input one or input two - ie VCR or computer. RGB,
Audio 4 Video inputs are switched Also suitable for
connecting satellite recovers (VCR can then record direct
from satellite), whilst watching tv or satellite.
KICKSTART 1.3 ROM . £29.99 KICKSTART 2 ROM ...ONLY £39.99 OFFICIAL WKBNCH 2 UPGRADE KIT £79.99 FATTER AGNUS 8372A ..... SUPER DENISE ..... GARY .. 8520A I O CHIP (Drive 4 printer port) 1 MEG x 9 SIMMS .. 4MEGx 9 SIMMS .. 256Kx4 DRAMS tor A590 ete meg A520 MODULATOR ... AMIGA INTERNAL DRIVE NCW £59.99 MAINS SU PPRESSOR BLOCK 4WAY £12.99 UPRATED A500 POWER PACK EXTERNAL DRIVE POWER SUPPLY This new product powers up to 3 external Amiga floppy disk drk es, By
relieving the Amiga power suppty this burden, you w* increase its reliability considerably. Just plugs straight in.
Our Keyboard operated Two way Rom switch enables you to use either of 2 Workbench rom s. To switch over, just hold down ControVAm iga Am iga keys until you hear a bleep. (Release them before the Weep to ’warm start1 with the current rom. Fits A500 500+ 1500 2000.
SIMPLE TO FfT • NO SOLDERING.
Only £27.99 (excl roms) Fitting invalidates computer wananty unless fitted by us Fitting charge £15.00 Please state which you have Am iga when ordering.
5 PORT PRO-MIDI INTERFACE Our unique 5 port Midi interface has In, Out 4Thru sockets plus two additional switchatfe Out or Thru sockets for ingenious versatility. So you can have 1 In, 1 oil & 3 thru, or 1 In, 1 thru 4 3 out, or 11n, 2 outs 4 2thru !
Fully compatible with all Amiga Midi software, 4 most keyboards.
NOW ONLY £24.96 Extra Midi lead 1.2m £1.99 Extra Midi lead 3m £3.99 ANTISTATIC, LOCKABLE, WTTH TINTED LID & DIVIDERS.
20 SIZE FLIP TOP BOX ....£1.99 40 50 SIZE LOCKABLE BOX .... £6.99 80 SIZE LOCKABLE BOX £7.99 100 SIZE LOCKABLE BOX £a99 150 CAPACRY POSSO STACKABLE DRAWER TYPE .....£19.99 TDK BRANDED inc labels in Plastic storage box - pack erf ten ...£8.99 UN BRANDED inc labels £5.99 10
3. 5* DRIVE HEAD CLEANER .... £4.99 Use regularly for greater
reliability SPECIAL PRICES ROM SHARER & 1.3 ROM £54.99 ROM
SHARER & 2.01 ROM £64.99 DISKS & DISK BOXES UNIT 1, 253 NEW
WORKS RD, BRADFORD UK BD12 OOP SALES 0274 69 11 15 FAX 0274 60
01 50 ACCESS, VISA, SWITCH, DELTA CONNECT AMERICAN EXPRESS
FAST MAILORDER SERVICE SAMEDAY DESPATCH* SB AMIGA REPAIR
SERVICE Fixed price repairs - Am iga 500 500+ £44.99 inc parts
4 labour. (Excludes drve, psu 4 keyboard mechanical faults)
HOW TO AVOID REPAIR BILLS FOR 3 OR 5 YEARS Sim pie - take out
an Extended warranty on your computer, monitor or printer,
within 30 days of purchase, & ALL repair biBs - from
breakdowns 4 ACCIDENTS (eg spillages) are covered. Com puters
under £400 - 3year Extended warranty onty £44.99; 5year
warranty - only £69.99. Please enquire for other item s.
BETTER MATHS (12-16) ...£19.99 BETTER SPELUNG (8+)
...£19.99 COMPENDIUM 6 ...£29.99
DATAWORD ...£13.99 DINOSAUR DISCOVERY
KIT.... £19.99 FIRST SHAPES (3-8) ..£12.99 FIRST
LETERS 4 WORDS (3-8) £1299 FUN SCHOOL4 RANGE ...£19.99
FRENCH MISTRESS NEW .....£16.99 GERMAN
MASTER £16.99 ITALIAN TUTOR
....£16.99 JUNIOR TYPIST
(5-12) ......£19.99 KIDS TYPE
....£16.99 KID
TALK £1299 LETS SPELL
SERIES .£14.99 UNKWORD LANGUAGES .£21.99
MAGIC STORY BOOK ......£17.99 MAGIC
MATHS ......£17.99 MATHS TALK
(5-13YRS) ...£19.99 MATHS TALK FRACTIONS £19.99
MATHS MANIA ......£19.99 MATHS
ADVENTURE .£19.99 MAVIS BEACON
TYPING ..£24.99 MICRO MATHS .....£19.99 MICRO
FRENCH ....£19.99 MICRO
ENGLISH ...£19.99 MICRO
GERMAN ...£19.99 MEGA
MATHS £19.99 MONEY MATTERS
(4-7YRS).... £13.99 PAINT ME A STORY (3-10) ......£21.99
PLANETS £24.99 PUZZLE BOOKS 1
4 2 ......£17.99 RHYMING NOTEBOOK .....£1299 SPELL
BOOK .£19.99 SPANISH
TUTOR ...£16.99 TARGET MATHS (4+)
£13.99 THINGS TO DO WITH.. SERIES £16.99 VOYAGER
1.1 £69.99 WEATHER WATCHER
......£16.99 WORLD ATLAS ......£44.99
i ... BIRD'S OF
PREY ...£18.99 BOARD
GENIUS ....£20.99 CHAMPIONSHIP MANGERS
....£1699 CARL LEWIS CHALLENGES.....£18.99 CRAZY CARS II
.....£18.99
CIVILISATION .£25.99 EYE OF THE
BEHOLDER ..£25.99 FINAL
FLIGHT £1699 FLIGHT
COMMAND ...£1699 FOOTBALL
CRAZY £1699 GRAHAM TAYLORS SOCCER .. £1699
GLOBAL EFFECT ..£20.99 GUY
SPY .£20.99 HAGAR THE
HORRIBLE ....£1699 INTERNATLSPORTS CHALL.... £20.99 JOHN
BARNES FOOTBALL......£18.99 KNIGHTS OF THE
SKY .....£1699 MAN UTD IN EUROPE ......£1699 M1
TANK PLATOON ..£25.99 MEGATRAVELLERS
II £20.99 MEGAFORTESS ....£2299
MYTH £18 99 OMAR SHARIFS BRIDGE .£25.99 THE PERFECT
GENERAL .£21.99 PACIFIC ISLANDS TEAM YKEE £1699 PLAN 9
FROM OUTER SPACE . £21.99 PRO TENNIS
TOUR ...£1699 PUSHOVER____________ £1699 SENSIBLE
SOCCER ..£1699 SILENT
SERVICE ...£25.99
VIKINGS ..£25.99
ZOOL_______________________£1699 A DISK INCLUDED WrTH THESE
BOOKS AMIGA FOR BEGINNERS £14.99 AMIGA BASIC INSIDE 4 OUT ..
£21.99 C FOR BEGINNERS ..£17.95 DISKDRIVES INSIDE
4 OUT ... £27.95* DOS INSIDE 4 OUT ...£2295*
DESKTOP VIDEO ..£23.95* GRAPHICS INSIDE 4 OUT
£31.95 IMAGINE COMPANION .... £24.96* UTTLE BLUE
WKBENCH BK.... £14.95 MAKJN MUSIC ON THE AMIGA £27.99* MAPPING
THE AMIGA ..... £20.95 USING AREXX ON THE AMIGA £26.99*
USING DELUXE PAINT £19.95 USING IMAGINE 2
£24.95* USER INTERFACE MANUAL .... £1699 HARDWARE REF MANUAL
£21.95 ROM KERNEL REF MANUALS - THREE AVAILABLE EACH
. £2695 VIDIA PAGESTREAM GUIDE ... £4.95
VIDEOS - ALL £14.99 each HOT ROD YOUR AMIGA - covers adding
peripherals to your Am iga AMIGA PRIMER - covers what
beginners should know about A500 2000 4 3000.
AMIGA GRAPHICS • learn about creating graphic art ANIMATION VIDEO Vote 1 4 2 Useful demo videos showing animation techniques.
DESKTOP VIDEO Vol1 Leam the inside tory on Am iga desktop video. BOOKS & VIDEOS EDUCATIONAL OTHER DISK UTILITIES ACTION REPLAY FOR A500 £57.99 ACTION REPLAY FOR 2000__£87.99 NB. Making backups without the permteSon of the copyright holder is iegaL AMI SUPERCARD £34.99 (Requires an external drive) CYCLONE ADAPTOR £12.99 X COPY PRO £33.99 Latest version - completo with Cyclone Highly successful BACKUP UTILITIES W ALL SOFTWARE UK SOURCED ADVANTAGE . £69.99 AMI ALIGNMENT .. £4299 AMIBACK £44.99 AMAS2__________£79.99
AMOS . £34.99 AMOS - EASY £26.99 AMOS 3D £25.99 AMOS COMPILER £2299 AMOS PROFESSIONAL ... ??
ART DEPT PRO .... £149.99 AUDITION 4 £39.99 AUDIOMASTER 4 .. £54.99 AUDIO ENGINEER £179.99 BARS 4 PIPES ...... £109.99 BBC EMULATOR ... £30.99 BROADCAST TITLER 2 .... £169.99 CAN DO 1.6 ... £73.99 CASH BOOK CONTRLR ... £54.99 INCLUDING FINAL AC S CROSS DOS V5 inc PC emulator £29.99 DAY BY DAY .. £23.99 DELUXE PAINT 4.13 .. £64.99 DELUXE MUSIC .... £49.99 DELUXE VIDEO 3 ..
£74.99 DEVPAC 3 - new version ...£51.99 DG CALC £29.99 DIRECTORY OPUS ... £29.99 DISK MASTER ...... £39.99 DISK MASTER 2 .... £49.99 DR Ts TIGER CUB £79.99 DR T's KCS LEVEL II . £229.99 E TYPE .. £29.99 EXPERT DRAW ..... £49.99 EXPERT 4DJNR ... £37.99 EASY AMOS .. £26.99 EXCELLENCE £59.99 EXOTIC CARS FOR IMAGINE .. £34.99 FLOW v3.0 ....
£54.99 GB ROUTE PLUS________£4299 GALLERY - NEW___£5699 GOLD DISK OFRCE 2_____£77.99 HIGH SPEED PASCAL ...... £74.99 HISOFT BASIC PROFESS £59.99 HOME ACCOU NTS 2 . £39.99 HOMEBASE ... £24.99 HOTUNKS ..... £53.99 HYPERBOOK . £44.99 IMAGINE 2 ..... £189.99 IMAGINE OBJECTS DISK £84.99 IMAGEMASTER - NEW_£16699 INTROCAD PLUS .. £74.99 KINDWORDS 3 ..... £39.99 LATTICE C V5 SAS C £169.99 MACRO 68000 ASSEMBLER ... £39.99 MAILSHOT
PLUS .. £39.99 MAXIPLAN V4_________________________£4699 MEDIA SHOW £54.99 MEGAMIX MASTER NEW.... £29.99 MINI OFFICE________________________£41.99 MUSIC Xv 1.1 BARGAIN .... £54.99 MUSIC X JUNIOR .. £39.99 PAGESTEAM 22 ... £159.99 PAGE SETTER 2 ... £44.99 PEN PAL . £79.99 PERSONAL TAX PLANNER ..... £29.99 PERSONAL FINANCE MANG... £24.99 PROFESSIONAL CALC ..... £139.99 PRODATA ...... £75.99 PROFESSIONAL DRAW V3 .... £89.99 PROFESSIONAL PAGE
3____£12699 PROTEXT v 5.52 ... £99.99 PROWRITE v 3.2 ... £89.99 QUARTERBACK .... £44.99 QUARTERBACKTOOLS £49.99 QUARTET ...... £37.99 REAL 3D BEGINNERS ...... £94.99 SAXON PUBLISHER__________- £22699 SCALA 500 .... £74.99 SCALA PROFESSIONAL ... £199.99 SCULPT 3DXL £109.99 SCULP ANIMATE 4D JNR . £79.99 SONIX £34.99 SOUNDMASTER+Audtofliaster4 £9699 STEREO MASTER £29.99
SUPERJAM .... £69.99 SUPERBASE PROF 4 £199.99 SUPERPLAN .. £69.99 SYSTEM 3e ... £59.99 TAKE 2 ... £39.99 TECHNOSOUND ... £29.99 TOPFORM ..... £59.99 TRANSWRrTE £2699 TURBOPRINT PRO ONLY £37.99 TV SHOW ...... £57.99 VIDEO EFFECTS 3D .. £99.99 VIDEOSCAPE 3D .. £59.99 WORD PERFECT 4.1 . £159.99 WORDWORTH 1.1________£7699 WORDWORTH & MAILSHOT* „
£11499 XCAD2000 .... £149.99 30 PROFESSIONAL .. £149.99 SEAL n TYPE TYPE THRU KEYBOARD SKIN.
Don't risk spillages • they're guaranteed to Write off' your Amiga Waterprocrf & moulded to fit snugly over each key, but flexible enough to type thru.
AMIGA 500, 500+, 1500,2000 _. £1299 State which when ordering please.
ANTISTATIC DUST COVERS AMIGA 500 & 500 Plus ......£4.99 AMIGA 600 600HD .£4.99 AMIGA 1500 2000 2PIECE .£1299 AMIGA 150CY2000 KEYBOARD . £3.99
3. 5' EXTERNAL DRIVE ......£3.49 8633 1084
MONITOR £7.99 SWIFT 9, LC200 PRINTER .£7.99
SWIFT 24 LC24-200 ...£7.99 TOP AMIGA PROGRAMS
DUST COVERS GA EUROPE (Tj European unity is here, in one
sense: all Europe loves the Amiga. Stuart Dinsey surveys the
European Amiga scene... NO ONE ARGUES any more: the Amiga is
the dominant home computer across the whole of Europe and. In
truth, it's been that way for quite some time.
The machine that first arrived in spring 1986 is now better known than the Commodore brand itself across much of the continent.
Sure, things are going to get tougher during
1993. But at least 3.5 million of the things have w been sold
across Europe since launch - that's over 75 per cent of the
world total - with 2.5 million going into UK and German
homes alone. Not bad. Considering that the first Amiga. The
1000. Cost £1,475 for a single- drive machine and was
pitched at graphics animation, general business, educa
tion and music.
ANNUAL 1993 Yep, here was one of the biggest home computer companies in the world, with a dominant position in the games market, getting all snotty and trying to be a ’real' computer company.
Never mind that the world of serious computing was already chock-full of different proprietary systems struggling to beat the rising IBM PC standard - Commodore wanted to The Amiga has friends in many places - all over Europe really, from Lisbon to Helsinki.
Sell to grey suits.
One year on. Commodore had a re-think.
Sales had been poor everywhere except in Germany: in the UK just 13.000 units had shifted: and. Most dangerously, software publishers had been w'ooed on to Atari’s new AMIGA 500 600 - UK SALES 1987-1992 PERIOD AMIGAS SOLD
40. 000
160. 000 200,000
250. 000
300. 000
300. 000 July 1987-June 1988 July 1988-June 1989 July 1989-June
1990 July 1990-June 1991 July 1991-June 1992 July 1992-June
1993 (projected) TOTAL SALES (projected) by June ’93
1,250,000 Note: The total UK sales figure above is for Amiga
500 and 600 models only. Various higher configuration Amigas
have also been sold by Commodore since the brand was first
launched in May 1986. Overall Amiga sales are estimated at
around 1.2 million units, and should be around 1.4 million
by June 1993.
Flagship system - the ST. So the A500 arrived, getting its Euro-unveiling in Germany, which would remain the Amiga's strongest market for the next five years. Germans, always keen on high-end machines, loved this new affordable system that could do very professional things. The UK? Well, we loved the games we could play on the thing.
A new' UK boss called Steve Franklin arrived for Commodore around the same time as the A500, and set about convincing games publishers to support the thing. He called in favours, commissioned software investment, bashed a few heads. These days, he's given up the MD's seat, but he’s a got a new job with CDTV - calling in favours, commissioning softw'are investment, bashing a few heads.
After some ground-breaking games from the likes of Psygnosis and Electronic Arts, the machine soon emerged as the games machine
- everything big arrived on this system first, and looked and
played best on it too.
Things are a little different around Europe these days, with the arrival of Sega and Nintendo's machines and tough software licensing rules. There’s also high-spec games-playing Pcs and the greatly improved technical abilities of CD systems. Rife software piracy - virtually wiping out games sales in some countries - doesn’t help either. But the Amiga ain’t giving in - the Amiga 600 is testament to that.
It boasts improved features like better reliability, improved ergonomics, and, of course, a lower price.
The Amiga has always been pitched as the best machine for games, the one to aspire to.
This still works to a degree, but Commodore knows it has competition and to have stuck with a too-high price would have been suicide against all the cash that Nintendo and Sega are lavishing on TV ads.
The future of the Amiga is, quite simply, as a home machine with good games plus a heap of other capabilities. In the UK, Commodore is steering clear of an all-in fight with consoles, aiming at the older user who wants to get more out of the machine. That means no more sexy ads with a games wiz spinning in his chair to Zoe’s Sunshine on a Rainy Day.
Continued on page 54 53 no O o § AMIGA DEVELOPERS FRANCE TITUS MEUDON-LA-FORET, PARIS Built quite a reputation for itself since the original Crazy Cars a while back - recent successes have been Sonic-alike Titus the Fox and, of course, Crazy Cars III.
INFOGRAMES VILLE URBANNE, LYON Has consistently struggled to keep up any momentum in the UK. Hits have included North & South and Tintin on the Moon.
Recent stuff includes Alone in the Dark - complete with animated 3D characters - plus Shadow of the Comet, the first game from The Call of Cthulhu range.
LORICIEL PARIS Thoughts have turned very much to its console products and CD-ROM of late, but the Amiga hasn’t been ditched just yet. Most successful titles to date are Panza Kick Boxing and Tennis Cup.
DELPHINE PARIS Titles like Another World and Cruise for a Corpse have set Delphine apart from many of its rivals and earned it respect around the world - not to mention the rest of Europe. But during 1992 it lost both its general manager and the design team responsible for Another World to Virgin.
COKTEL VISION PARIS Publisher of typically French - that is to say, lavish but odd - titles, Coktel’s current batch of releases includes Inca, Gobliiins 2 and Ween - The Prophecy.
UBISOFT MONTREUIL, PARIS One of the big names and a distinctly cosmopolitan lot, UBI now has offices in London, San Francisco, Mulheim and Tokyo. Its releases for the second half of ’92 included Bat 2 and Spellcraft - Aspects of Valor.
GERMANY FACTOR 5 COLOGNE A relatively little known developer, Factor 5 made a name for itself by converting Hudson- soft’s PC Engine flagship, Bonk’s Adventure, on to the Amiga.
ATTIC STUTTGART Has come downstairs into the front room and scored great success in Germany with its computer game version of the successful board game Das Schwarze Auge (The Dark World). This has since been signed up for the UK by US Gold.
STARBYTE BOCHUM Corporate-type goings-on within the company have possibly held back the firm in recent months, but latest releases include Rebel Racer, Traps ’n’ Treasures, Warrior of Darkness and Hannibal. None of these has managed to match the success of Rolling Ronny - which was released in the UK via Virgin during 1991.
50FTWARE2000 PLON Producer of one of Germany’s biggest hits of 1992 - Bundesliga Manager Professional - a football management game which sold in quite extraordinary quantities and was renamed The Manager by US Gold when it was released in the UK.
RAINBOW ARTS DUSSELDORF In recent years things seem to have gone very quiet, but Rainbow Arts made a name for itself with the two Turricans and X-Out a couple of years back.
ITALY m SlfVIULJVtONDO
* ¦ BOLOGNA Italy’s biggest software publisher, but very little
known outside home territory except for a foray into footie.
Recent titles like Dylan Dog
- The Murderers (based on a comic hero), F1 Manager and Mille
Miglia (literally ‘A Thousand Miles’, based on a 1930s car
race) haven’t done much outside home territory.
M GENIAS ¦ BOLOGNA Released a game called World Cup ’90, incredibly, during the World Cup, which was only available on mail order. Recently did a C64 conversion of Chuck Rock for Core.
HUNGARY ARTGAME BUDAPEST Hungary’s finest (and loneliest); developed Abandoned Places, an RPG released in early '92 which won some good reviews. Unfortunately, it was handled in the UK by Electronic Zoo, which went bust soon after release.
DENMARK SILVER ROCK COPENHAGEN Had a Danish number one with a game called Hugo a couple of years ago. The fellow features on a TV show being hawked around Europe, and a revamped version of the game could appear in 1993.
SWITZERLAND LINEL APENZELL Famous for being Switzerland’s only games house. Success for Linel has always been thin on the ground. Most recent release was Traders- a cartoon-style Sim City clone.
FINLAND TE RRAMARQU E HELSINKI A new firm specialising in non-violent Amiga games. Galactic was launched in mid-1992 after 18 months of development, but Amiga owners were too busy killing things on screen to notice.
COMMODORE SUBSIDIARIES AUSTRIA Commodore Computer Gesellschaft, Vienna BELGIUM Commodore Computer N.V., St.Stevens-Woluwe DENMARK Commodore Data, Glostrup FRANCE Commodore France, Massy Cedex GERMANY Commodore Buromaschinen, Frankfurt HOLLAND Commodore B.V., Amsterdam ITALY Commodore Italiana, Milan NORWAY Commodore Norge, Oslo PORTUGAL Commodore Portuguesa Electronica, Lisbon SPAIN Commodore S.A., Madrid SWEDEN Commodore A.B., Spanga SWTTZERLAND Commodore (Schweiz), Aesch UK Commodore Business Machines, Maidenhead Continued from page 52 “What we're doing, which we slightly pulled away from
last year, is going out of our way to show that there's more to this than just games.
We're going to say that if you want to do something else, you can.” stated new UK boss Kelly Sumner pre-Christmas.
State of the Nations Strangely, in Germany, the pitch this year turned to leisure for the first time. Until the A600 arrived, all advertising and marketing had been to professionals, even though the majority of units sold went into homes as a computer for the kids (and that means games).
The Amiga in Europe has reached a watershed, and to succeed it must change. It's still strong in the UK and Germany, but in France, Scandinavia and Italy the machine is falling into second-class citizen status - an ageing games computer with a big software base. It's not a flagship games machine (where 16-bit consoles have moved in) or a state-of- the-art system for all types of home use (CD machines have claimed that ground).
But the Amiga could ride into a rosy future on the back of CDTV. Commodore UK cleverly came up with the idea of re-branding the CDTV as Amiga CDTV. Following the dis- astrous attempt to pitch the machine as a whole new ball game. That UK brainwave was utilised across the rest of Europe, as the CDTV slowly began making some progress during
1992. Germany then came up with the idea of a CDTV ‘computer
pack' - complete with keyboard, disc drive and mouse. A
trade-in offer in the summer, and. Lo! A new, sleek, black.
CD-playing Amiga is starting to pop up in people’s homes.
54 It won't be the A600 that wins an Amiga future in Europe, it will be a CD Amiga - at the right price (below £400), with the right software utilising the technical ability of the CDTV and all that room on CD discs, the Amiga could again re-emerge as the demon games-playing system across all Europe.
ANNUAL 1993 Publishers are keen to support Commodore if they can. And this year might just see the types of CD products emerge that can rebuild Amiga as the entertainment system to own. An example is Psygnosis' Microcosm.
It's a new project that should appear for CDTV - and remember, that’s Amiga CDTV these days - shortly after the new year.
Everyone who has seen it so far has said that it is a stunning quantum leap in games design.
And that sort of thing sells machines.
GERMANY This has traditionally been the most successful territory for the Amiga in Europe, but the UK has always been shadowing it closely. Indeed, such is the dominance of these two nations that between them they’ve seen 2.5 million Amigas sold since since launch - with the rest of Europe only managing another million in total.
Commodore has a strong name in Germany. Where it is perhaps given a little more credit for its consistent introduction of technical innovations than in the UK. Germans like technology - just take a look at their cars.
“The Amiga emerged as the games machine - everything arrived on it first, and looked and played best on it too, Now there's more to it than games99 Even their footballers play like robots. Thus the Amiga was welcomed from day one as a system that could do wonderful things with graphics, video and audio applications as well as play damn fine shoot-em-ups.
Even models like the Amiga 2000 get a slice of the marketing spend here, but the majority of the 1.3 million machines estimated to have been sold over the years are 500s, and
- just like everywhere else - these have largely become used as
games machines.
German gaming tastes were different from the UK’s until the console firms started successfully courting younger British gamers at the beginning of the ’90s - leaving the Amiga with a rather older set of purchasers.
Thus, the German market was the first to be dominated by the likes of MicroProse and Lucasfilm (now LucasArts), with simulations and role-playing games far more popular than straight arcade fare.
The most popular games during 1992 were Airbus (Thalion), Monkey Island II (Lucasfilm) and Bundesliga Manager Professional (Software 2000, later published by US Gold as The Manager in the UK).
An Amiga 600 retails at Dm700-800. And games bundling is just starting to take off. With an Airbus pack appearing for the run-in to the busy Christmas period.
The arrival of games packs is testament to Commodore Germany’s awareness that the Amiga is stalling a little under pressure from Pcs. Having once relied on its image as the technological leader. Commodore now finds its A600 outclassed by affordable 386s with great graphics and sound. Thus, the A600 has been re-positioned, with emphasis on its lower price and the number of games available.
Piracy is hindering the machine’s progress, however, with a hit game achieving only
20. 000 sales despite there being all those machines out there.
Boris Schneider, German mag veteran, laments: “The Amiga
definitely was the dominant home format, and it still is in
terms of hardware extensions and professional software, but
over the last few months the games market has stagnated. Pcs
will sooner or later take over.” Perhaps proof of the Amiga’s
problems in Germany came from exhibitions company AMI Shows,
when it decided to scale down October’s Amiga ’92 event to
business-only - chucking the Amiga entertainment side into
the pot with a new event running alongside it called
Entertainment ’92.
UK With all the talk about 16-bit consoles, Pcs and multimedia machines, it’s easy to picture the Amiga as being rather squished. The ’rad' teenagers and THE UK GAMES PACKS - PAST & PRESENT Air Miles Pack Available between April 1989 & October 1989 Featured Nebulus, Star Raid, Who Framed Roger Rabbit £500 of Air Miles vouchers Batman Pack Available between October 1989 & September 1990 Featured Batman, Deluxe Paint II, F-18 Interceptor, New Zealand Story Flight of Fantasy Available between April 1990 & September 1990 Featured F-29, Rainbow Islands, Escape From The Planet of the Robot Monsters,
Deluxe Paint II Screen Gems Available between September 1990 & July 1991 Featured Days of Thunder, Nightbreed, Back To The Future II, Shadow of the Beast II, Dpaint II Cartoon Classics Available between July 1991 & September 1992 Featured The Simpsons, Lemmings, Captain Planet, Deluxe Paint III The Wild, The Weird and The Wicked Available between September 1992 & the present Features Grand Prix, Putty, Pushover, Deluxe Paint III A popular compilation pack. Cartoon Classics saw sales of the Amiga rocket up to the 300,000 mark.
Enlightened twenty-somethings are supposed to be buying Megadrives and Super Nintendos.
The older lot? Well, they'll surely want either a sexy config PC because it’s compatible with their machine at work, or they‘11 want to be the talk of the neighbourhood by having a CD machine of some sort.
Why then was Commodore sailing into Christmas predicting its biggest-ever calendar year of sales for the Amiga (340,000 of them, in fact)? Well, for one thing, the machine is now improved, and cheaper. Secondly, it has a very strong brand name and can still offer great games plus the complete spectrum of 'serious' uses, from basic word processing to video digitizing.
The A570 drive finally arrived at the tail end of the summer to offer owners the chance to play CDTV software, and it's CD that should give the Amiga a ticket to ride until 1995 at least.
But Commodore won’t be expecting to repeat that 340.000 total in 1993, unless it’s got something very, very special tucked away and ready for launch.
ITALY Thanks to Italians' idiosyncratic gaming behaviour, the Amiga is fighting off the PC’s challenge to be the most popular computer games format - with sophisticated RPGs and simulations yet to really take off. Thus, arcade titles can still do well here. Indeed, the Christmas number one in 1991 starred those naff old Turtles in TMHT
- The Coin-Op.
Unfortunately, although total Amiga sales of 600,000 is very impressive, this is not matched by games sales, where piracy has been a problem for years.
For the record, Amiga CDTV has actually done rather better here than expected to - with around 10.000 sales up to September 1992, thanks to an unusual link-up with encyclopedia firm Grolier. Rather than selling the usual volumes of general knowledge door-to-door to unsuspecting parents, they’ve been offering the CD version - with a CDTV thrown in for good measure.
And. Of course, because most encyclopedias are usually sold on the never-never, the sales pitch definitely seems to be working rather well.
FRANCE This has never been a real winning territory for Commodore, although the Amiga was until very recently neck and neck with the PC as the dominant games system.
The Amiga has sold around 250.000 units in all, which is enough to have created a cell of wacko games publishers - from Delphine to Infogrames, Loriciel and Coktel Vision - who think nothing of breaking games design barriers only to come up with totally unfathomable products (Purple Saturn Day, Future Wars and so on), as well as the occasional stormer (Another World. Cruise for a Corpse. And the ground-breaking Sim City).
Historical reasons for the Amiga's poor performance here compared to the UK and Germany include the serious competition from machines such as the ST. France's own Thomson, and the Amstrad CPC (yes, it sold somewhere), plus Commodore's management bias towards selling its Pcs into business rather than Amigas into homes. In the year to July 1992, it sold around 60.000 Pcs - making it the fourth-largest PC vendor in France - while only shifting around 40.000 Amigas.
These days, the bottom end of the games market has been gobbled up by consoles, while Pcs have surged ahead in popularity among ‘serious’ games players. 33MHz 386s with SuperVGA and 4Mb were going for just 8.000 francs (£800) in the spring of '92, and - with price-cutting rife - this was expected to drop to
6. 000 to 7,000 Francs by the new year.
EASTERN PROMISE In western Europe, the Amiga’s flame is most definitely flickering from the wind of change that is blowing through home computing. With luck, though, it will bum as brightly as ever once a new upgraded Amiga emerges during 1993, re-establishing it as the state-of-the-art home system.
In Eastern Europe, however, there is potential for huge sales of existing Amiga hardware and software. Countries like Poland.
Czechoslovakia and Hungary are quickly becoming market economies, with the public keen to splash out on consumer goods - particularly electronic ones.
The C64 has historically done well in the east, thanks to its low price, but the arrival of the A600 at a low price - and the fact that it’s ultimately a better machine - must mean that the Amiga is in line for some success.
Sales into the emerging nations are largely handled by Commodore Germany, with any number of imported machines following official orders across the border.
Poland is the most advanced country', with around 60.000 Amigas believed to be installed (all of which would appear on the books as machines sold to Germans). The passion for games is growing at some pace, and a dedicated TV show kicked off in the autumn - its expected audience of up to 10 million viewers putting Channel 4’s Gamesmaster to shame.
An official distribution network was set up in Poland earlier in the year, with 15,000 Amiga sales expected during the Christmas season. Distributors were also recently appointed in Czechoslovakia and Hungary.
As gaming takes hold, development teams will no doubt start springing up - as they did in the UK all those years ago. Products will be primitive at first, but ‘formula’ writing might be beaten by good old-fashioned innovation and enthusiasm.
The most noteworthy Eastern European Amiga game to date is Abandoned Places, a role-playing game by Artgame of Budapest.
Unfortunately it fell into the hands of Electronic Zoo. Which went bust only a matter of weeks after releasing it in the UK. But with better luck, the east could rise again.
10 TOTALLY AMAZING EURO-AMIGA FACTS 1 Yes, you can buy British these days when j it comes to Amigas. §V f • Once all Amiga 500s r were imported from the Far East but, in September, production of Amiga 600s began in Irvine, Scotland. The first A600 ever made in the UK - serial number .,AA , . , c *¦ j . .. . The A600 - made in bonny Scotland.
00001 - takes pride of place in Commodore UK MD Kelly Sumner’s office.
2 Commodore’s 1992 calendar year sales forecast for the Amiga was 340,000 units - that figure being revised up by 40,000 in September after a good public reaction to the £100 cut in the price of the A600.
3 A software house in Finland has styled itself as a specialist in non-violent Amiga games. The firm, called Terramarque, is convinced that a stand has to be taken. “Games that display acts of meaningless slaughter are simply irresponsible and should not exist,” says the firm. Terramarque’s debut release was an arcade game called Galactic, which came out (and did nothing) during the summer.
4 Commodore has no less than 13 European subsidiaries - with headquarters in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.
5 Commodore’s UK turnover to July 1992 topped £85 million.
55 6 Commodore’s own figures give the Amiga 500 a failure under warranty rate of 8.25 per cent. The Amiga 600’s figure is apparently 0.78 per cent - meaning 22,000 less broken machines this year.
ANNUAL 1993 7 Amiga game music made it into the German album chart during the summer of 1992. A 70-minute collection of remixes from ‘classic’ game themes composed by Chris Hulsbeck apparently sold over 10,000 copies on CD. Called ‘Shades’, the album’s most impressive cut is apparently a Turrican medley - featuring themes from the two Turrican games. A second album was due for release in Germany at press-time.
8 The Amiga has never done very well in Spain. Ironic, considering that the word ‘amiga’ is Spanish for ‘girlfriend’.
9 Most of the Amiga 600s sold outside the UK are still imported from the Far East. But some A2000s are still made in a German factory.
10 The UK has far more Amiga magazines than any other European country. The biggest outside the UK is Germany’s PC Joker - which manages a paltry 60,000 against Amiga Format’s rival-smashing 161,256 (ABC). Could it be the odd title?
EUROPEAN AMIGA OWNERS Germany 1,300,000 UK 1,200,000 Italy 600,000 France 250,000 Scandinavia 80,000 Benelux 40,000 Rest of Europe 30,000 European total 3,500,000 owners Worldwide total 4,500,000 owners RLDS CARTRIDGE IS NOW WITH A MASSI ROM OFFERING MK II JUST LOOK AT THE UNMATCHED RANGE OF FEATURES
• SAVE THE ENTIRE PROGRAM IN MEMORY TO DISK Special compacting
techniques enable up to 3 programs to fit on one disk. Now
saves directly to disk as Amiga Dos - reloads independently of
the cartridge - even transfer to hard drive! Works with up to 2
Megs of Ram ¦ even 1 Meg Chip Mem (Fatter Agnus).
SUPER POWERFUL TRAINER MODE - now with DEEP trainer. Even better than before - allows you to generate more or even infinite lives, fuel, ammo.
Perfect as a Trainer Mode to get you past that "impossible" level.
Easy to use.
B IMPROVED SPRITE EDITOR C ¦- fe j- j- The full Sprite Editor allows you to view modify the whole sprite set including any "attached" sprites. PLUS A RANGE OF IMPROVED FEATURES.
• •• VIRUS DETECTION K Comprehensive virus detection and
removal features to protect your software investment. Works
with all presently known viruses.
BURST NIBBLER.
Now this super disk copier program is built into Action Replay Mk III. Just imagine a superfast, efficient disk copier program at the press of a key - no more waiting, tf SAVE PICTURES AND MUSIC TO DISK pictures and sound samples can be saved to disk. Files are saved tly in IFF format suitable for use with all the major graphic and tages. Samples are displayed as screen waveform.
SC MODES SELECTABLE - Removing ugly borders when using NTSC gnly with newer Agnus chips).
HS? J mBfe tion to your own pace. Easily Wo speed. Ideal to help you through
• POWERFUL PICTURE EDITOR Now you can manipulate and search for
screens throughout memory. Over 50 commands to edit the picture
plus unique on screen status "overlay" shows ail the
information you could ever need to work on screens. No other
product comes close to offering such dynamic screen handling of
frozen programs!!
JOYSTICK HANDLER - allows the user to select Joystick instead of Keypresses - very useful for many keyboard programs.
MUSIC SOUND TRACKER With Sound Tracker you can find the complete music in programs , demos,etc. And save them to disk. Saves in format suitable for most track player programs. Works with loads of programs!!
• AUTOFIRE MANAGER From the Action Replay III preference screen
you can now set up autofire from 0 to 100%. Just imagine
continuous fire power?
Joystick 1 and 2 are set separately for that extra advantage!
IMPROVED RAM EXPANSION SUPPORT.
Now many more external Ram Expansions will work with all Action Replay 111 commands.
DOS COMMANDS Now you have a selection of DOS commands available at all times - DIR, FORMAT, COPY, DEVICE, etc. FILE REQUESTOR • if you enter a command without a filename, then a file requestor is displayed.
DISK COPY Disk Copy at the press of a button - faster than Dos Copy. No need to load Workbench - available at ail times.
• BOOT SELECTOR Either DF0 or DF1 can be selected as the boot
drive when working with Amiga Dos disks. Very useful to be able
to boot from your external drive.
PLUS IMPROVED DEBUGGER COMMANDS - including Mem Watch Points and Trace.
• DISKCODER With the new "Diskcoder" option you can now tag1 your
disks unique code that will prevent the disk from being loaded
by
e. Tagged" disks will only reload when you enter the ui for
security.
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VE 256k operating system A WHOLE NEW RANGE OF I FEATURES AMIGA A500 500+ FOR 1500 2000 VERSION £69.99 AMIGA ACTION REPLAY SIMPLY PLUGS INTO THE EXPANSION PORT OF YOUR AMIGA AND GIVES YOU THE POWER TO FREEZE MOST ANY PROGRAM SET MAP ¦ % ;j allows you to Load Save Edit a Keymap.
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WARNING 1988 COPYRIGHT ACT WARNING Datel Electronics Ltd., neither condones or authorises the use of it's products for the reproduction of copyright material.The backup facilities of this product are designed to reproduce only software such as Public Domain material the users own programs or software where permission to make backups has been clearly given.
It is illegal to make copies, even for your own use. Of copyright material, without the clear permission of the copyright owner, or the licencee thereof.
Around 20 per cent of the market would either have a high enough wage or be suitably computer literate to be considered as potential Amiga owners.
There is, however, a huge grey market in Turkey, thanks largely to the high numbers of people who work in Germany. Official imports would be faced with a high import duty, but machines often come into the country with no tax being paid by the long-distance commuters returning with high-tec goodies for their loved ones (and themselves, of course). As a result, some 75.000 Amigas are believed to be dotted about here, although there aren't any official figures - thanks to most sales actually being on Commodore Germany's books.
Around six out of every 10 Amigas in Turkey are believed to be grey imports, so official sales figures don't reflect the market's potential. Commodore simply can't compete with the importers at present because its prices are too high, but the firm is looking at ways to actually co-operate with some of the larger outfits. Schools in Turkey are apparently keen on the Amiga too. And sales are even begin- ning to open up in some of the new republic areas such as Uzbekistan.
In neighbouring Greece official sales should be a tad easier to come by, thanks to the country’s EC membership and lack of trade barriers, but this has traditionally been a struggling Amiga market. Recently, though, a the price of an Amiga pack to go up at all, consumers just wouldn’t want to know. Instead, Commodore tries to give dealers incentives, offering them nice profit margins, or adding peripherals and suchlike.
As far as the rest of the mediterranean goes, well, there's a pocket of users in Malta - like Cyprus, a country with a decent contingent of English speakers, thus making exports somewhat easier.
ANNUAL 1993 “In Greece, the Amiga is marketed as an 'aspirational' purchase - the sexiest home machine you can buy - but bundled software isn't an option99 The African market for the Amiga is. As you might expect, small and neatly split into two - South Africa and ‘the rest of Africa’.
South Africa is actually causing a stir of excitement among some Commodore notables, who mutter earnest things like “the time to get in is now". With the dismantling of apartheid continuing, multi-national companies have woken up to the fact that there are some very advanced parts of the South African economy, with some very rich potential customers.
In all. The nation consists of around seven million whites and 27 million blacks, and is - as one Commodore spokesman puts it - “a third-world country with a first-world infrastructure”. That means it’s got the type of inner cities, marketing and retail techniques that have more in common with the US and Europe than the rest of Africa.
Amiga sales in South Africa are growing slowly at present, but are under pressure from new distributor has been signed up and sales hit the dizzy heights of 1.000 units during a recent quarter. Greece and Cyprus together are estimated to have around 30.000 Amiga owners. Ownership here, and in Turkey, is centralised very much in the big cities such as Athens, Lamaca, Istanbul and Ankara.
Commodore's biggest threat in Greece - as it is everywhere else - is from the cheapie PC clones coming in from Taiwan with alarming frequency. The Amiga is thus marketed as an ‘aspirational’ purchase - the sexiest home machine you can buy - but bundled software isn’t as much of an option as it is in the UK because piracy is so rife that software has hardly any value. If bundled software caused AS WITH CARS and most electronics equipment, the Japanese have carved up the games market in the US. Nintendo and then Sega laid claim to the territory and prevented the Amiga, when it was introduced
in 1987, from inheriting the once dominant position of the C64.
Leaving the Amiga in a very weak position in its US home territory.
As an alternative, Commodore US got hung up on being a real competitor for the likes of Apple and IBM, marketing the Amiga as a ‘workstation’ from the off - with its multi-tasking abilities and relatively low cost being pushed heavily. This has helped the Amiga become a well-supported professional machine, with US publishers offering top- notch graphics, video and business software.
That’s good news for Amiga owners who want to do more than just play games, but it hasn’t helped sales much in the Amiga's PC- dominated homeland. In 1990, US sales made up only 18 per cent of worldwide turnover.
Commodore has persevered, however, and produced top-spec launches such as the Amiga 2500 30 (running at 25MHz and boasting a Motorola 68030 microprocessor) and the Amiga 3000, with full 32-bit architecture.
These have briefly raised hopes, thanks to warm press receptions, but sales have continued to disappoint. Europe, ultimately, is the real success story for the Amiga - and if you’ve ever wondered why Commodore bothers to make boring old Pcs, the Amiga’s US troubles are the answer.
With Europe accounting for the vast majority of the Amiga’s worldwide success, and the US forever coming up with new ideas or upgraded models to try to squeeze out a few more thousand owners, there aren’t going to be huge numbers of Amiga owners elsewhere.
That said, there are a few countries of note: Australasia, Turkey and South Africa.
Thanks to their ability to copy the UK’s marketing activity in English, with some ease, Australia and New Zealand have always been fairly strong. Along with the rest of the Far East, sales make up around seven per cent of Commodore’s worldwide turnover. Total Amiga sales here are hard to ascertain, but are probably in excess of 100,000 machines in all.
Like many lower-level export markets, Turkey has a massive population, but only Stuart Dinsey ranges across the planet and accounts for the national boundary- busting popularity of the Amiga... Pcs. With large chainstores such as Pick ’n’ Pay, however.
Commodore is confident that it can replicate some of its successful European sales and marketing projects - and ultimately believes that the territory could be worth around £10 million a year. Big computer manufacturers like IBM, Apple and Bull have all set up dedicated offices, and a similar move from Commodore may come during 1993.
The rest of Africa, meanwhile, has hardly any Amiga owners to speak of, and very little potential at present. Few firms - Commodore included are willing to invest in an area where governments are either full of red tape or don't last five minutes. But for the record.
Commodore does have a deal with a firm in Malawi - which imports all kinds of European goods, including grass seed for golf courses.
Commodore also ships a few Amigas off the African coast to Mauritius, where the C64 was once apparently king Annual sales here, about 200, are arounc the same as a single decentsized Amiga dealer in the UK, Last, there’s India and Pakistan to consider - jam-packed with people, but again with low incomes and only a small percentage oi rich people to sell to. Import duties running as high as 200 per cent currently thwart all attempts to get sales going, so Commodore is considering a system known as ‘semi knockdown’, which means it would ship the parts into the country and then have them
assembled there - thus paying a far lower import duty.
Ultimately, the hope for Commodore must be that some of the poorer countries will soon start to embark on computer literacy projects for their schools, similar to the type that took a million Acorn BBCs into English classrooms during the early eighties. The cheap, technically excellent, easy-to-use Amiga must be in with a sood chance.
Commodore is acutely aware of the opportunities - after all, even the-10-year old C64 is still being manufactured. But with Pcs getting cheaper by the minute, the Amiga winning any new markets certainly ain’t gonna be easy.
COMMODORE COMMANDS LOCATIONS PRODUCTION PLANTS 1 Irvine, Scotland 2 Braunschweig, Germany 3 Kwai Chung, New Territories, Hong Kong 4 Philippines OFFICES 5 West Chester, Pennsylvania, USA 6 Auckland, New Zealand 7 Kwai Chung, New Territories, Hong Kong 8 Nassau, Bahamas 9 Tokyo, Japan 10 Lane Cove, New South Wales, Australia 11 Agincourt, Ontario, Canada US BITS JVUAfAl 12 The Miami Dolphins’ stadium uses an Amiga to drive the 40-foot animated scoreboard.
13 ATLANTA An Amiga helped the city succeed in its bid to host the 1996 Summer Olympics by controlling an interactive multimedia tour of the proposed Olympic Village.
AMAZING AMIGA FACTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD 59 1 The slang for 3.5 inch disks in South Africa is ‘stiffies5.
ANNUAL 1993 2 Commodore’s worldwide turnover in the year to July 1992 was $ 960 million. This a serious amount of cash, but it’s actually a dip on last year, when the firm topped the $ 1 billion mark for the first time in years.
3 Commodore’s worldwide research HQ is in West Chester, Pennsylvania. It has 19 subsidiaries outside the US - 13 in Europe, plus offices in Australia, the Bahamas, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan and New Zealand.
4 There are four Amiga production plants in the world - in Hong Kong, the Philippines, Germany and (a new one just opened) at Irvine in Scotland.
» 5 A D-RAM chip shortage hit production of computers all over the world in 1988. But it didn’t hit the Amiga. Indeed, the firm took adverts in the quality press claiming that it had 40 per cent of all D-RAM chips in the world - and poked fun at Amstrad’s Alan Sugar for not having any.
6 The Amiga accounted for over 50 per cent of Commodore’s total worldwide turnover for the first time in 1990.
7 There is an Amiga Users Club in Japan - with around 200 devoted members.
8 Amiga sales in Saudi Arabia and Iran are handled from Commodore’s subsidiary in Amsterdam, Holland - because the boss there said he could sell more than anyone else.
9 Regular Amiga shipments are sent out to Mauritius - where sales currently run at around 200 machines a year.
10 The Amiga is sold in over 70 different countries around the world. Worldwide sales since the machine’s launch in 1987 have topped 4.5 million units.
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Registration White Yellov flan p.-1 Weve had many requests from
people who want to know how Amiga Format is put together.
So here editor Damien Noonan reveals the techniques used to create the best-selling computer magazine in Britain, and offers a glimpse of our own tastes in games, music, films and more... 61 HOW MANY DOES IT TAKE?
The staff of the magazine is usually thought of as the writers and the designers who put it together, but it’s actually the combined efforts of many teams of people that makes it happen... The editorial team These are the chaps you normally think of as Amiga Format - the writers, the editor and the sub-editors who create the words.
The design team The people who combine words and pictures into finished pages, the layout or art chaps are actually part of the editorial team.
The advertising sales team Most magazines can only be economically viable through the sale of advertising space, and so a large group of people is dedicated to making this happen.
The production crew Production is the physical realisation of the magazine, preparing the ‘film’ from which the magazine is printed. This involves ‘typesetting’ and ‘imagesetting’ all the editorial pages and many of the advertisements, as well as chasing up for the film of the adverts.
The publishing team This includes the publisher, who is the editor’s boss, as well as the promotions team which organises programs for the Coverdisk.
Subscription mail order department Based in Somerset, this department is where subscribers’ copies and anything you buy through the mag are packed and mailed out.
1. Fixing the figures Decisions affecting a specific issue of the
magazine start being made months in advance, and usually
stan with the publisher. Greg Ingham.
Greg's been working with computer magazines for years, and used to edit the computer leisure industry's own trade magazine.
Computer Trade Weekly. His decisions affect the whole financial viability of the magazine.
Three months or more in advance. Greg is deciding how many copies of an issue will be printed. Factors affecting his decision are the time of year - the Autumn and Winter are the times of greatest growth in circulation - and the general state of the market. The Amiga market, and the circulation of Amiga Format.
Have been growing steadily for years.
ANNUAL 1993 As well as setting the print run. Greg is overall mastermind of the promotions strategy.
Promotions is stuff like free gifts on the cover of magazines. In the case of Amiga Format, this mostly means the Coverdisks.
It was Greg's idea, for example, to include a second Coverdisk on Amiga Format and to put complete software packages on that disk, a strategy which has so far proved very popular with readers.
So, well in advance. Greg is juggling the figures and setting how many copies of the magazine will be printed. But in actual fact, the very first factor to be set is that of deadlines. Judith Middleton, the company's production manager, books dates on which Amiga Format will be printed an amazing 18 months in advance.
Printers work 24 hours a day on almost every day of the year and their schedules are carefully organised. Even though a print date is set 18 months ahead, this means that if we deliver the 'film' to the printers just a couple of hours late we can be fined several thousand pounds an hour for keeping them waiting! *
2. Disk discussions The Coverdisk is a very important part of
Amiga Format, and one major concern is to bring you the very
best demos of games and commercially-available software. And
also, with the Amiga Format Collection, there's a lot of work
to be done lining up high-quality complete packages, too.
So this is another job that's done well in advance. Neil Jackson. AF's reviews editor, and Damien, the editor, are closely in touch with all the major software companies and are always keeping an eye and an ear out for the next big hit game.
They make recommendations to the promotions team. Michele Harris and Tamara Ward, who then contact the software companies and arrange for demos of the games to be booked in for the Coverdisk. Again, all this requires considerable organisation and must be done several months in advance.
It's a similar process with complete programs for the Amiga Format Collection. Damien and Neil recommend the best ones to Duncan Ferguson, Amiga Format's advertising manager, who then approaches the software companies and negotiates with them for the rights to publish the program on our Coverdisk. And no. We're not going to tell you how much it costs us! Although, as you can imagine, it doesn't come cheap...
3. Size matters We're now a bit further on in time, right at the
start of the monthly schedule. Amiga Format goes on sale on
the second Thursday of every month but it takes about two
weeks for the mag to be printed and distributed around the
country, so we send it off to the printers on the last Tuesday
of the previous month. Which means our monthly schedule starts
more or less on the first day of the calendar month.
4. Balancing act One of the things we have always felt was most
important in Amiga Format is achieving a balance of contents,
so the first thing on the priorities list for the editorial
team, once we know how many pages we have to play with, is
setting up the contents list of the issue.
There are three parts to the content of the magazine. First up are the regulars, like PD Update, Gamebusters. Workbench and Letters.
These are generally easy to deal with, because they stay the same size from issue to issue, though we do often discuss changes according to feedback from readers. Recently we increased the size of the Workbench advice section to six pages, for example.
Secondly, there are the reviews sections.
Both games reviews and 'serious' hardware and software reviews are under the aegis of reviews editor Neil Jackson, so at this stage Damien will be saying to Neil: “Right, how AMIGA FORMAT WTM ANNUAL 1993 Tamara (above) and Michele (above right) organise the Coverdisk game demos, while Duncan (right) arranges the Amiga Format Collection complete programs.
Favourite music of 1992
1. Innes Sibun Blues Explosion
2. The Singing Detective
3. 10,000 Maniacs Favourite hardware of '92 GVP A530 Turbo
Favourite music of 1992
1. Anything by Crowded House
2. Tired of being alone - Texas
3. Highway 5 - The Blessing Favourite hardware of '92 Logitech
Kidz Mouse people magazine GARY LORD, PRODUCTION EDITOR people
magazine DAMIEN NOONAN, EDITOR Favourite games of 1992
1. Push-Over
2. Lotus 3
3. Project-X
4. Volfied
5. Pinball Fantasy Favourite games of 1992
1. Secret of Monkey Island 2
2. Wizkid
3. Populous 2
4. Oh no! More Lemmings
5. PGA Tour Courses Favourite book or other publication of 1992
Espedair Street - Banks Favourite book or other publication of
1992 Faber Book of Football Favourite creative software of
1992 VistaPro 2 Favourite creative software of 1992
Presentation Master So. At the beginning of the month, the
first decision to be taken is how many pages the issue will
have. Ad manaser Duncan esti- mates roughly how many pages of
advertising he thinks will be sold and then publisher Greg
sets an issue size in consultation with Damien, the editor.
We've often had letters from readers complaining about the number of pages of advertisements in the magazine, but in actual fact the more ads there are. The more pages of editorial we can have. Plus, of course, the fact that ads are a useful resource if you need to buy anything.
Generally Damien will be arguing for more pages of editorial content than he's offered, even thoush it means extra work for the edito- rial team. We always seem to have more interesting stuff than we have space to cover it, but we try to squeeze it all in.
The issue size (also called a 'page count' ) is also of importance to the advertising team because it is a target for them. If they reach that target and also hit a target for 'yield' - the average amount of money earned by each page of advertising - they get a bonus.
Many pages do we need for reviews?” and we'll reach a decision on how many pages we need to set aside.
Anything that’s left over we put under the general heading of features and these pages are under the control of features editor Tim Smith.
That may make it sound as if features are an afterthought, but in actual fact the features are the most important and most carefully constructed part of the magazine and are often planned several months in advance.
Features include buyers' guides and comparisons. Where we test all the different makes of. Say, disk drives or word processors available and pick out the best. They also include ‘subject guides', wLich are really meant to show you that there's lots of fun to be had in the creative areas of the Amiga, as well as to introduce basic techniques, covering subjects like graphics, animation and video.
The whole team gets involved in suggesting ideas and planning features, particularly the cover feature. There's always one main subject on the cover of the magazine and we have to make sure that it's something the majority of readers will find interesting, so fresh ideas are important.
5. Who writes what?
After the contents list is put together, we know what we want, so now it's time to make it happen. Already, with four weeks to go. Deadlines are a pressing consideration, so it's important to get this sorted out pretty rapidly.
File Edjf Layout Rrrange Pen Font Size Style Much of the writing is done by the in- house writers, those on the editorial staff: Nutts, Neil. Pat and Tim. Damien also writes a lot. Gary helps out and Marcus is a great game reviewer, but there's still a good deal too much for us to do it all so a proportion of the writing is done by out-of-house freelancers.
As technical editor, Pat McDonald has a very regular workload. He's responsible for the Workbench hints, tips and advice section as well as the PD reviews of games and utilities and putting together the Coverdisk. But he'll also help out on hardware reviews as well as testing ‘serious' software - and if there happens to be a good strategy or wargame in the Gary (left) and Damien discuss the flatpian on which every page is laid out so that we can see what's where in the magazine. LlJ I The flatpian is created using a simple structured drawing program (right).
HF41 Flatpian -Layer !
FC 1 ! « Back ; Coys': | 266 2«* I iover- ¦ New- imi'ga- t 29 21 22 ' 23 i “calaj prgO£.‘;i ;Catai ?gue;.
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IGarrrf Review :T:t: .... 40 Foyer 32 93 94 99 99 ¦ Ney:- Amiga.
24 26 : 66 6T 62 66 iQarrre; Reviev :Sabre 1 22 ' 26 66 611 62 I Favourite games of 1992
1. Legend
2. Space Crusade
3. MS Windows Minesweeper
4. Forty Thieves
5. Magazines Favourite creative software of 1992 C-Lab Creator
3.summit Favourite hardware of '92 Apple Macintosh people
magazine TIM SMITH, FEATURES EDITOR Favourite games of 1992
1. Secret of Monkey Island 2
2. Sensible Soccer
3. Legend
4. Volfied
5. Pinball Fantasies Favourite creative software of 1992
OpalVision Favourite hardware of '92 Kidz Mouse Favourite
films of 1992
1. Bladerunner 2 - the concept
2. Alien3
3. Fuji Favourite music of 1992
1. Skinny Puppy
2. Golgotha
3. Black Sabbath Favourite book or other publication of 1992 AF
Annual ’93 Favourite films of 1992
1. Naked Lunch
2. Bristol v Sunderland (away)
3. Everyone for Dennis Favourite music of 1992
1. Body Count - Ice T
2. Mr Lucky - John L Hooker
3. Unmaker - Golgotha Favourite book or other publication of 1992
Whose Game Is It Anyway?
Offing, you can bet your bottom dollar that he'll want to review it.
People magazine l ARL FOSTER, SPECIALS EDITOR Andrew Nuttall (Nutts) is in charge of the Gamebusters section and also the PD Demos reviews, on top of which he's a games reviewer so he'll get pretty involved with the Screenplay section. He's also a keen musician, a dab hand with Deluxe Paint and flexible enough to get involved with such stuff as mouse round-ups.
Damien writes Letters and news stories and often helps out with features, while both Neil and Tim write reviews and features material, although a major task for the latter pair is organising who writes what and commissioning freelancers.
Commissioning is a surprisingly difficult task. Not only do you have to make sure that the writers get over the information you want them to. But their opinions must also be carefully checked to make sure they tally with the Amiga Format world view. Plus, amazingly, freelance writers are very poor at writing in the style of the magazine: providing ratings in all the right categories in a serious software review, for example.
So written commissions sivins careful instructions are vital. Then the freelance writers must be chased to make sure that they stick to the deadlines they have been given. And when their copy arrives, it has to be checked to make sure it fulfils the commission.
6. Planning every page So. We know what we're 2oin2 to write
about this month and we know who's doing the writing. Next
step is to decide where in the magazine each article will
appear.
We have to create a flatpian. A flatpian is simply a diagram of all the pages in order, showing what will be printed where. This is a job for the production editor. Gary Lord, working with a structured drawing package on the Macintosh called MacDraw.
One major restriction comes into play at this point. Magazines like ours are printed in ‘sections' of 16, 24 or 32 pages at a time, so we have to break up the issue size into these sections. On top of this there is the cover section which, because the cover is printed on heavier paper and also varnished, has to be a four-page section on its own. So for example, a 276-page issue would have a four-page cover section, seven 32-page sections and one 16- page section.
Amiga Format is what's known as ‘perfect bound' - it's stuck t02ether with 2lue and has a spine, a bit like a book, and the pages in the sections run in the same order as the magazine appears. However, other magazines are stapled together or ‘saddle-stitched', and the sections run half in the back and half in the front of the mag. Which makes flatplanning more difficult.
63 no O 0s Flatplanning is an important art. Because where the pages fall in the magazine gives individual articles a certain feel. Major features will be near the front of the magazine.
Important games will get two facing pages (a double-page spread, or DPS) to give them more impact. No article will ever start on a left-hand page: some articles can be quite spread out, with lots of ads in between, whereas others will need to be very compact.
Once the flatpian is finished, everyone on the editorial and art teams gets a copy and this is an important psychological step because it gives us all a feel for the issue.. Now we can buckle down to work, though Gary has one more important preparatory task...
7. Running on time Hopefully the contents list and the flatpian
will be finished on the first day of the monthly schedule, so
we've got plenty of time to make sure everything else runs on
time. So it's over to Gary once more for the tricky and
unpopular job of scheduling.
Essentially this is just a matter of setting deadlines for the in-house writers and coordinating the deadlines of the freelancers, to make sure that everything arrives in time. One problem is the amount of information that has to be juggled, but the most difficult bit is achieving a steady flow of copy into the*office during the course of the month. It's no use if we get everything at the same time, two days before the magazine has to be printed. Gary is also responsible for making writers stick to the schedule. Most writers fear a call from the prod ed saying: “Where's your copy, then?" I m
19.07 on the 5th of May 1980 John Dellow of the Metropolitan Police signed a document passing control of the Iranian Embassy siege to LT. COL H.M.Ross. He sent in three, four-man teams (Sabre teams) of 22
S. A.S, the rest is history.
For many the S.A.S are the black-clad rescuers of Princes Street depicted by the B.B.C as the pictures of the last minutes of the siege were relayed live around the world We as mere mortals can only wonder at the exploits of this most professional and highly trained fighting force as officially it does not exist.
This simulation is based on the information that is available and is produced by people who have a great deal of admiration for the people they will never know.
AMIGA 1 m ATARI ST Ime €25.99on © KRISAUS SOFTWARE LTD. TEQUE HOUSE, MASONS DOWNS ROW, MQORGATE,
8. Ear to the ground Reviews of new products are a major pan of
the magazine and the amount of work it takes to get them
together shouldn't be underestimated. Neil has to chase at
even' stage.
Neil regularly telephones the major games, software and hardware manufacturers and distributors to keep in touch with the news of their latest releases. Some companies have PR and publicity departments, but in many cases we deal with marketing people, product managers or even the company's owner.
Most of the firms are in the UK but many are in the US of A, which causes its own problems. It's strange ’phoning them at four in the afternoon and knowing it’s nine in the morning over there... you’re tired after a hard day at the office and they’re all bright and breezy.
Anyway, what with regular phone calls, press releases coming in and so on, Neil has a good idea of what's due to be released in three people magazine PAT MCDONALD, TECH EDITOR Favourite games of 1992 Favourite films of 1992
1. Huillam de Poisson
2. Alien 3
3. Hook Favourite music of 1992
1. Angel Dust (Faith no more)
2. Autopsy’s last album
3. Bleach (Re-release) Fave publication of 1992 The Citizen's
Charter! It's ridiculously funny.
1. Eye of the Beholder 2
2. Links
3. Secret of Monkey Island 2
4. Putty
5. Act of War (PD) Favourite creative software of 1992 Imagine V2
Favourite hardware of '92 The A4000 people magazine NEIL
JACKSON, REVIEWS EDITOR Favourite games of 1992
1. Formula One Grand Prix
2. Secret of Monkey Island 2
3. Civilization
4. Pinball Dreams
5. John Madden A Football Favourite creative software of 1992
Pagestream 2.2 Favourite hardware of '92 GVP A530 Turbo
Favourite films of 1992
1. JFK
2. Batman Returns
3. Unforgiven Favourite music of 1992
1. Ebenezer Goode - Shamen
2. Wish - The Cure
3. Bouncing off the Satellites - B52s Fave publication of '92 The
Nose (US satirical mag)
9. Chase it up Even while chasing up news of new products, Neil
has to be keeping a close rein on what we can expect in for
review. With serious products, both hardware and software,
this is easier, because the companies producing the stuff
allow more time. But with games, it can be wildly
unpredictable whether a game will be finished and in for
review, or not.
Obviously we can't print empty pages, so there's a lot of juggling to be done. As ever, it's down to Neil to keep those phone calls going and suss the latest state of play.
Naturally there's a thin line to walk here, because we want to make the magazine as up- to-date as possible and bring you the latest reviews every month. In some cases, where there's a big game on the way. This can mean waiting as late as three or four days before print deadline until a review copy arrives.
But sooner or later the packages start rolling in. Hardware we generally just ask for on loan, but software has very little material cost to a software house and so does not normally have to be returned.
Many games come in pre-production form.
On plain disks with photocopied manuals, not all packaged up in the boxes as they appear on the shelves. These often have to be carefullv * locked away because they don't have the copy protection systems of the finished versions: though it should be stressed that the games themselves are complete in all other respects.
During the course of the month, in fits and starts, the review product we need trickles in.
And then it's time for Neil to pass it over to the writers to see how it performs.
10. On test If only we could just write whatever we wanted, off
the top of our heads, it would be so easy producing Amiga
Format. Ah, well.
Instead we have to provide hard, reliable information which in the case of reviews, means that we spend a lot more time researching and testing a product than is actually spent writing.
Three years in a row - as long as the magazine has been in existence - it has been voted 'magazine most aiding stocking decisions' by computer retailers in the industry magazine CTW. Which essentially means that when a computer shop is deciding what games, hardware and software to stock, the magazine whose opinions they trust the most is ours.
We're not saying all our reviews are perfectly correct all the time. We all make mistakes, like the time we criticised a video titling package for not being able to justify text when there was an icon to do just that clearly visible on the screen-shot. Oops!
But generally Amiga Format's reviews are the most reliable because we put time and effort into getting it right.
V This means lots of time spent testing hardware. Trying out software and playing games.
Yes. I know it sounds like a holiday for most people, but you have to play games lots and play them hard before you can make a judgement. It's not always pleasant.
Inevitably one major factor is experience.
Whether you're testing word processors or RAM expansions, you have to know what makes a good one and see how the one you're working on now matches up to the criteria.
When the difference between a good program 65 no o o and a great one can be something as nebulous as the ease of use or the ‘look and feel’, you have to know what you're talking about, and that comes only with experience.
Most of the research takes the form of testing, and most of the testing process is taken up trying to find particular features. Frequently a criticism of a program might be that it can't do something that you would expect it to be able to do and often you will have to try and discover whether a program has an unusual way of dealing with its own shortcomings. In the course of a couple of days, you have to become an expert user of any particular piece of software, which is no easy task.
Exactly how much time is spent researching each piece it's difficult to say, because it will very often involve a writer taking home a piece of kit or a game and messing around with it late into the evening. But sooner or later, it's time to get it written up...I "Lai AnlTin Ki-v 14 la vir'j W-ii.ti-i- '.mm r;: D7:71 No lurli-f. *.i-l UH Ur .if V.k
I. ini- 6 Col !
Lu-.iily Oil Where can I get a CDIV nenory upgrade?
Tim Smith, features editor and writer, errm... writing.
AMIGA FORMAT Wm ANNUAL 1993 Favourite games off 1992
1. Putty
2. Sensible Soccer
3. Secret of Monkey Island 2
4. Pinball Fantasies
5. Zool Favourite creative software off 1992 Directory Opus
Favourite hardware off '92 DCTV Favourite ffilms off 1992
1. Unforgiven
2. Bill & Ted’s Bogus Journey
3. Delicatessen Favourite music off 1992
1. Lynyrd Skynyrd at the T & C
2. Peter Gabriel - Us
3. The Cure - Wish Favourite book of 1992 Haynes Owners Workshop
Manual - Ford Fiesta
11. Wordsmithery!
Writing is done on either Amigas. Using the word processor package ProText 5.5. or on a Macintosh using a similar program. And apart from that, what else can we say about this mysterious process? Well, quite a lot. Actually.
The first thing that surprises most new writers is that what seems to be an enormous word count actually turns out to be very little space in which to get your points over.
Each page of Amiga Format contains something in the region of a thousand words, so even a two-page article is running to a couple of thousand words. Once you’ve got yourself sorted out, however, with some good research behind you, this may take only a couple of hours to write.
With limited space to make your points, being concise is the first rule of magazine writing. As with any other process that is considered creative, there are as many opinions Favourite ffilms off 1992
1. Delicatessen
2. Unforgiven
3. People Under The Stairs Favourite music off 1992
1. TNI - Front Line Assembly
2. Last Rights - Skinny Puppy
3. TV Sky - Young Gods Favourite book or other publication off
1992 Carpet People - Terry Pratchett Favourite games off 1992
1. Secret of Monkey Island 2
2. Putty
3. Lotus 3
4. Dynablaster
5. Pinball Dreams Favourite creative software of 1992 Quark
Xpress Favourite hardware off '92 Distributor Cap on Ford
Fiesta people magazine ANDY NUTTALL, STAFF WRITER people
magazine SUE NtyHITE, ART ASSISTANT about what makes good
writing as there are writers, but in the computer magazine
business information is more important than style.
A good review will explain what is expected of a particular kind of hardware or software, and then go on to describe how the item being reviewed succeeds or fails in reaching these targets.
It’s also useful to be able to pick out something that sets this item apart, very much like getting an ‘angle* on a news story: This is the first accelerator under £100’, for example, or ‘this paint program has more painting modes than any other*. This gives the reader a good idea, right from the word go. Of what kind of thing is under consideration.
Intro paragraphs are very important, because if there’s nothing that interests you in the first two sentences, you're not going to read the article. It’s simply not true that there are some pages in the magazine that some people won’t find interesting - if we make it interesting and accessible enough, everyone should want to read every page. It's idealistic, but it's a target.
Anyway, the target for the writer is to provide good copy, written to the right length and on time. Time to sort out the pictures...
12. Get me a picture!
Reviewers are responsible for providing their own illustrations, in the form of screen-grabs, for software and game reviews. After all, who knows better which points need illustrating than the person who wrote the review?
Essentially, screen-grabbing means getting a picture on the screen and. Rather than taking a photograph of it (which is called ‘screen- shotting’), storing that screen display as a picture file. This can then be transferred over to the Macintosh computers we use to lay the magazine out.
There are three ways of doing this. If a program runs from Workbench and is multi-tasking, we can use a little program that also runs on Workbench. This program, when activated, grabs the screen display as it is stored in memory and saves it as an IFF picture to disk.
The only problem with this method is that it can't be used for menus or requester screens and it's no use for programs that don’t run from Workbench, like games. In this case we use an Action Replay III cartridge attached to Mac word processor Microsoft Wordon the left, and Amiga WP system Protext, on the right. We use both in writing Amiga Format.
An A500. Which lets us freeze the screen at any point, even when a menu is being held down, and save it out of RAM to disk, again as an IFF picture file.
Because of the clever things programmers can do with the Amiga’s screen to make it look better, it’s not always possible to do it this way, either. For instance, one common technique is to swap palettes half-way down the screen, so even though a game is, strictly speaking, sticking to the 32-colour limit, it might use a different 32 colours at the bottom of the screen from those used at the top.
Another very common technique is the ‘copper list’ colour trick, where the Amiga thinks it's just dealing with a single background colour but the copper co-processor (which is inside the 'blitter' on the Agnus chip) puts in a cycle of colours instead, giving those multi-coloured skies so common in Amiga games.
Trouble is, we can't grab games that use these fancy techniques. What we do instead is to take the RGB output of the Amiga and plug it into a real-time framegrabber (which happens to run off a Macintosh computer, but could just as easily be run on an Amiga).
And that’s how we do screen images. If there's hardware under consideration, however, it's back to traditional methods. Get the hardware together and send it down to our friendly neighbourhood photographer. Ashton James, at his studio about 15 miles from Bath.
One of our design team, probably Sue. Will go with it to tell Ashton how we want it pictured
- from what angle, with what kind of background and so on.
Ashton will shoot the pictures as ‘transparencies’ (on colour slide film) which then go to a firm in Bristol where they will be developed overnight or, if need be, in two hours.
Occasionally we will use ordinary 35mm film, but mostly we use medium format 6-inch by 5- inch pictures, for greater quality.
1 3. Over to the sub!
With photography organised, screen grabs taken and the copy written, it's time to pass words and pictures over to Gary, the production editor. Gary will turn the words into proper English, but first there's a computer compatibility problem to sort out.
We lay out the magazine using a DTP program called Quark Xpress running on an Apple Macintosh computer. Even if it weren’t true that the program is several times better than anything available for the Amiga, we’d still use Macs rather than Amigas simply because they are the standard across the company, which produces nearly 20 magazines and owns around 150 Macs.
So Amiga text and picture files have to be translated across to the Mac. We use the program CrossDOS to write the data to PC format disks, which we can read in the Mac drives using the Apple File Exchange program supplied with all Macs. It's good news that CrossDOS is going to be supplied with Workbench from Version 3 onwards.
When the text files are physically on the Mac. All we have to do is turn them from Amiga files into Mac files. This is pretty straightforward using either a couple of programs we've written ourselves (PtoMac on the Amiga, converts Protext files to Mac: Convert on the Mac. Which translates graphics files to Mac PICT format) or simply reading them in to Mac word processors and graphics packages that can read Amiga files.
The typeface Times at a size of eight-point with a line-spacing of 10- point leading.
Laying out the page is mostly just a question of changing the size of the headline type and shifting the picture boxes around until evervthing looks Once he's got the words into his Mac word processor (Microsoft Word) Gary then sets about ‘subbing* the words: correcting bad spelling and grammar, rewriting passages that don't quite make sense, querying with the writer anything that might need more explanation for the reader's benefit. Very often he'll do this on a print-out from our office laser printer, because it's easier to work with words on paper than it is to do it all on-screen.
14. Over to art Once the words are ready, they are passed over to
the art department along with all the pictures. All our
Macs are connected on one network, so the layout designer can
access Gary's hard drive to pull the text and picture files
over.
Laying out the page on the DTP package is really quite simple. Essentially, both text and pictures are pulled into boxes on the page and then can be rearranged at will. Pictures can be V resized, cropped, rotated, put in funny-shaped boxes and have their colour balance altered.
Text can be put into different styles of type (typefaces) and made different sizes.
We work from a very strict style for all our type, which is set up in advance on 'style sheets' on each of the basic ‘grids' or pages.
Our ‘body text' or main copy, for example, is right. At least, it seems that simple if you don't know what's going on.
Designers like our Sue go to college for vears w w J to learn about the balance and proportions of elements on a page, so there's more to it than meets the eye. And, of course, a lot of work was done by the art editor Marcus when he set up the text styles in the first place.
To a large extent we are able to work with ‘total page make-up', including the pictures, because we use screengrabs so much. But if there's a photograph to be included as well, we have to leave a coloured block instead of a picture. The transparency will later be 'scanned' in and put into place, as explained later.
15. Proof of the pudding Once the page is laid out. It's unlikely
to be finished. The text might be a line or two too short or
long and need a bit of tweaking, and then ‘styles' like
putting the titles of programs into italics need to be added.
This is a job for the production editor, so the page is
passed back to Gary.
After a quick look over on-screen to make the text fit and do the styling. Gary prints out a ‘proof of the page on our laser printer. This he then checks over again for mistakes, before passing it over to the editor for a final check over. Then there's one last thins to do before we print it...
16. Stick in the pictures!
Remember those transparencies that we just had to leave spaces for? Well, now it's time to put them on the page along with the text.
Until only a few months ago. We couldn't j do this job in-house at all. Colour transparency scanners capable of giving the required quality- used to be unbelievably expensive, up to a quarter of a million pounds. What we would do would be send the whole lot to a repro house, a firm that would do the scanning and then imageset the page to produce the finished film. Which was very expensive.
But not any more. We now have an in- house transparency scanner. So all our art people have to do is measure the transparency, work out what percentage it will have to be magnified by to fit into the box on the page, and write all this information on a laser-print proof. They then take it down to our scanning department, where the trannies are scanned and put on the page. Simple as that! I 67 no O O FROM SCREEN, TO PROOF, TO PRINT... Item Page Uiem Utilities BF40 -;1;2;all;lotus 5 111,1 Srwte1 ate tflTfeu dummy Andy Nuttall taksasin in Gremlin's ne 'superar.
Lotus Tur Challenge m U*m «Mt«* ItOc tlAk*. Frw- l4B7 4 l yvBotf tl v Wr - n o rvr k taeo'feA • »*• !•» mm *' ttaw K »mi i*i*m mmr W • rox .o*.*x « Top gw t r- » • »' •- •»!•«» ¦
* **« tX»«4 • V
* lf you own Lotus II I'd think twice about m"« ...T.7 , buying
this version * .. Wnn ild ac'w vdyada* • tlti tw «Ur
WtikvianiNitJi oxUrui «p V* M l*w W a tn i Owe * ». N « •riyii
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* • mi, «)¦ o' H » ¦ nil u« ¦mm. **• r«*i «««.
After the page is laid out on our DTP program (above), it's printed out as a 'proof' on a laser printer (near right). Only once all the corrections and tweaks marked in red are made will it go to be printed (far right).
17. Imagesetting (what?)
To get the quality of print for a professional magazine, you need something a little bit sharper than a laser print-out. So magazines, like most forms of design, are typeset.
Typesetting is a kind of photographic process that produces clean, sharp, black lettering, but as the name implies it only refers to type.
Nowadays, we design the whole page onscreen, with the pictures in, and typeset the whole lot. Because it's got images as well, though, it's called imagesetting.
Essentially the process is very similar to printing out a laser print, except that the printer is a Linotronic or Scantext imagesetter, which costs around £40.000. and that we're not printing on to paper, we're printing on to a kind of photographic film, so the image has to be developed after it's printed.
It's not terribly glamourous, but the end product of all our work is film - see-through.
Acetate-like stuff with words and bits of pictures printed on it. Each page has four films, one for each of the coloured inks with which a full-colour magazine is printed - cyan, magenta, yellow and black.
If you're not familiar with the idea of four- colour printing, it's really very simple. In exactly the same way that red. Green and blue can be mixed by a television to make any other colour, the ‘subtractive' primaries of ink - cyan (pale blue), magenta (pink) and yellow -
19. The really difficult bit One of the unsung heroes of the
magazine is the ad production person. Tracy. After the ads
have been booked in by the sales people, it's up to Tracy to
chase up the film for the advertisements in time for the
print deadline.
In many cases, the typesetting and design will be handled by our ad production team. In this case it's up to Tracy to turn handwritten copy into a nice design, get it approved by the advertiser, and finish in time for the deadline.
Favourite games of 1992
1. Zool
2. WizKid
3. Parasol Stars
4. Secret of Monkey Island 2
5. Pinball Fantasy Favourite creative software of 1992 Pagestream
2.2 Favourite hardware of '92 DCTV people magazine SALLY
MEDDINGS, SPECIALS ART ED Favourite games of 1992
1. Titus the Fox
2. Pinball Dreams
3. Parasol Stars
4. Secret of Monkey Island 2
5. Kick Off 2 Favourite creative software of 1992 Pagestream 2.2
Favourite hardware of '92 Apple Mac llci Favourite films of
1992
1. Naked Lunch
2. Batman Returns
3. The Hand that Rocks the Cradle Favourite music of 1992
1. Buffalo Tom
2. The Lemonheads
3. Mudhoney Favourite book 1992 The Curious Case of Sidd Finch
Favourite films of 1992
1. Beauty and the Beast
2. The Sound of Music
3. To Kill a Mockingbird Favourite music of 1992
1. KD Lang
2. Dusty Springfield
3. Rolf Harris Favourite book or other publication of 1992 Donald
Duck and Friends John the imagesetter operator loading another
cartridge of pages into the film processor.
People magazine MARCUS DYSON, ART EDITOR AMIGA FORMAT Wm ANNUAL 1993 can be printed on paper to make any other colour. Almost. If you just use C. M and Y you can't get a deep enough black, so black is also used - and there's a surprising amount of black in the average picture.
So. Anyway, our finished product is four sheets of film for each page of the magazine.
But hold on a minute - what about all those advertising pages?
18. Soft sell Well, the story of advertisements starts with the
ad sales team - Duncan. Louise. Cheryl and Rob. These chaps
are in constant touch with almost everyone who is making,
marketing or selling products for the Amiga and work hard
to supply the Amiga industry's advertising needs.
Essentially what they are required to do is telephone their ‘clients' every month and check whether new products are being released and if - hopefully - more advertising may be required. Like many sales jobs, it's thought of as being pressurising people into spending money they don't want to - selling fridges to eskimos - but in fact that's untrue.
Ad sales is mostly a matter of negotiating the right price with people who know what kind of advertising they need - and making sure that the clients' money brings effective returns.
Otherwise, they won't want to advertise again.
When the ad sales executive comes to an agreement with a client, the ad is booked in and written confirmation is sent out. At this stage, the confirmation can be copied over to our accounts department to make sure that the payment comes in.
Tracy trying to pretend she's checking film, while giggling because she's having her piccie taken.
But finally she has the satisfaction of packing the whole thing up in boxes and giving it to a despatch rider to take to the printers in Plymouth. Now we can get some sleep...
20. To the shops When it's printed and bound, the mag travels to
a distribution warehouse. From here it passes to wholesalers
who then pass copies on to the local shops. It's a
complicated process and to make sure it happens smoothly, and
that your local shop doesn't run out of copies, we have our
own in-house circulation team.
And so eventually, two weeks after our print deadline and six weeks after we started writing it. The issue goes on sale: only thanks to all the hard work of all these people. £?
Available for: Hgf IBM PC and 100% compatibles, Amiga and Atari ST. ‘ Okav toads!* Let s get EVEN! When the evil Dark Queen kidnaps your best buddv.
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FOR YOUR LOCAL DEALER CONTACT - MINDSCAPE INTERNATIONAL, PRIORITY HOUSE, CHARLES AVENUE, BURGESS HILL, WEST SUSSEX RHI5 9PQ. TEL: 0444 246333 FAX: 0444 248996 Lotus III is the ultimate racing experience, incorporating the awesome power of RECS , a revolutionary concept giving you the power to generate a virtually infinite number Mil VII Mb THE FINAL CHALLENGE give you the drive of your life.
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Publisher Greg Ingham attempts to explain how Amiga Format will meet the challenges of the coming year, which is not as easy a task as it first appears... more 71 ANNUAL 1993 44 In 1993, Amiga Format will only be available on CD. So if you want to be able to read about this protean Amiga scene™ then you'll have to buy a CDTV or A570, or even a new model of CD-driven Amiga 99 MAGAZINES - THICK, THIN, dull or bright, weekly, monthly, quarterly, fortnightly or bi-monthly; titles - cheap, glossy, sexy, dismal, powerful or flimsy; organs - epoch- making, squirm-inducing, time-wasting, Zeitgeist
-defining; periodicals - for women, for men, TV watchers, music listeners or car drivers; magazines that innovate, imitate, survive or swa22er - so where the hell does Amiga Format fit in?
Well, aside from self-serving subjective judgements about it being the greatest magazine in the world (which is quite possible: something has to be), the following are rock-solid statements:
• It's the bi22est-sellin2 leisure com- puting magazine in the
world.
• It's Europe's biggest-selling computer magazine.
• It now outsells all music and car ma2azines. And is the
Iar2est-sellin2 male ma2azine in Britain outside the skin mags.
(It also entirely duffs up the likes of GQ, Sky, Empire and
Vox.)
• It's the 51st 2reatest-sellin2 magazine in the UK (just behind
TV Hits, but ahead of 0).
• It's the fifth-largest billing monthly in Britain (multiply the
cover price by the avera2e number of issues sold in a month and
it's just ahead of Good Housekeeping and just behind BBC Good
Food).
• It's usefully in possession of a 60.000 lead over its nearest
Amiga magazine rival - the biggest lead it's ever posessed.
• If s occasionally quite good.
So what’s next? A man with a clear idea of what he will be doing in a year’s time is one of three things: a fool, a genius or a bore. And so it is with trying to anticipate the future of Amiga Format. You might as well attempt to juggle sand as try to explain in any detail what it will be doing in 1993. _ (Go read something else. I |||| would. This is all made up and Blii is not to be trusted. Believe ¦& me...) OK, here 2oes. BH Take two: try again. As next year develops, Amiga Format will go fortnightly from sometime around the be2innin2 of the fourth month.
This bold increase in frequency will better enable us to cover the protean" Amiga scene™. So it’ll cost you £7.90 a month, but no-one said knowledge comes cheap, right?
Obviously bonkers. And yet, and yet... Just look at the last two years and see if you can make sense of it all. In 1991, we had the temerity to launch Amiga Shopper, for those readers wishing for an exclusively serious magazine, and Amiga Power for games fans.
Take one: Amiga Format in 1993 will continue to pioneer, innovate, entertain and inform.
It will lead the Amiga maga- H zine market by... (yep. You can probably imagine the rest, plodding its way glumly to the foot of this page.)
So, given the more-mags-plus-Show routine in
* 91, and the more programs and more mags and even bigger Show
caboodle in ’92, what are we 2oin2 to do for an encore?
(It's curious, but do you get the impression I'm finding ways of avoiding answering this particular question? Well, I could say that I can't go into detail for fear of our rival publishers copying us - which they do. Inevitably and badly - but that's quite implausible. The truth is, I honestly do not know yet. We make it all up as we go along: I cannot tell a lie. But without further ado. Back to the show...) Take three: try yet again. By the end of 1993.
Amiga Format will only be available on CD.
And then this year, we have not only added these Amiga Format Specials but we've also pioneered the full program on the second Coverdisk malarkey. Sales promptly- popped up to 161.256 for the first half of the year. This level of sales means that a singleformat computer magazine now manages to outsell all music magazines. And it terms of retail revenue, it's the fifth bi22est-billin2 monthly of any sort in Britain. Crazy, but there you have it... And that's all prior to tripling the World of Commodore into this year's Future Entertainment Show.
Amiga Format will ineluctably suffer', said rivals, critics and a sceptical computer trade.
An contraire, we chirrupped. (Actually, we did nothing of the sort. I told you this is all made up. And the others have no notion of something ‘ineluctably’ suffering. But we’ll just let that one pass.) Amiga Format carried on regardless, soaring from 81.234 sales ever}' month in the first half of the year to 130,143.
In the second, aided no doubt by the tremendous World of Commodore Show that was held at Earls Court last November.
Told you before not to believe me. Onwards, upwards, etc... Take four: Amiga Format will temporarily close next year, faced with the Gadarene rush towards consoles. The efforts of Gremlin with Zool, Millennium with sundry fish-tastic efforts, Ocean with Bub & Bob-type cutesiness and Psygnosis with Lemmings-dcnvaiives will all come to nau2ht: consoles rule.
Yeah, so this is a pretty dismal scenario.
But what's a wee mag supposed to do, beyond hibernating until the computer cycle comes around again and Nintendos and Segas become the Atari VCSs of the ’90s? Don’t worry, we’ll be open for business once more in September 1995.
Take five: Amiga Format will move into overdrive. Massive issues, valuable cover- mounts, innovative adoption of CD, books, spin-off mags, bi-monthly Specials, Amiga- specific shows, tutorials, videos, magazines inside all Amiga boxes, T-shirts, mugs - Amiga everything. So maybe one or two of those may not happen: so sue me already.
But one thing’s for certain: Amiga Format in 1993 will be some kind of wonderful.
Notes: Greg is our publisher, and therefore our boss. He also uses interesting words. We looked them up. Here is what they mean: Zeitgeist - a vintage Cognac.
’ Ineluctably - inescapably silly.
Protean - a complex nitrogenous chemical nutrient found in milk, fish and eggs.
Gadarene - indicative of mass panic and headlong flight towards disaster [from the swine of Gadara, Matt, viii 28] and nothing like the AF team near deadline.
So if you want to be able to read about this protean Amiga scene™ in your favourite magazine, then you'll have to go out and buy a CDTV or 570 drive, or possibly even some new model of CD-driven Ami2a. There - that
* __ should please Commodore.
Hmmm. There could be a smidgen of truth lurking in here. Just what will Format do next year if when CD takes off? Probably agonise over whether it should follow the market as it is maturing, or lead it and make it all happen.
My guess is that we'll go for it. Big time. But I WW 2 2 72 5 r~ 3 vO LU WITH IMIGEL MANSELL dominating the Formula One season, it's appropriate that we started the year with a classic like FI Grand Prix from MicroProse, surely the best driving simulation ever to appear. From there on in it's been a story of the most amazing technical advances in gaming, ending up with Zool, probably the ultimate arcade game. But there's more to come!
FROM FI GP to Zool is almost from one extreme to bringing something new to what is possibly the oldest another, but there's been plenty of shades of grey in game style.
Between. Over the course of the year, there's probably Serious strategists went from primitive to sophisti- at least one game that you will remember as a total clas- cated with Civilisation, while arcade fans were spoilt for sic. Whatever your personal tastes. Choice - Wizkid and Putty both demanding attention and Spoils sim fans could not fail to have been hooked both as different from each other as they were from by John Madden's Football. Those who like their Zool. And last, but in so many ways first. The Secret of games to be action rather than tactics will have been Monkex Island 2 is a
same that no-one. But no-one.
Knocked out by Sensible Soccer. Adventure fans were could possibly avoid being entranced by.
Particularly well off for something to explore, with Eye The Amiga was supposed to be under threat from of the Beholder 2. Lure of the Temptress and Legend all the popular games consoles (mere toys! ) in 1992, but instead what we've seen is that those sreat sames we all played a year or two ago - Lemmings. Robocod.
Populous, et al - have been snapped up by console devotees eager to get something decent to play. Two- year-old games? Not on the Amiga, mate!
So with all the real talent working on Amiga games first and foremost, what innovations can we expect to see on the games scene next year? Well, who better to ask than the programmers, software people, and software house directors. And so ask them we did, kicking off with First Samurai man Mev Dine.
We could have settled for the easy questions, like 'What games are you doin' next year, then?' - but there's more to the Amiga than that. Over the last year, we've seen major changes that are going to change the face of software as we know it. So we've asked them about that, as well.
Will the defeat of piracy bring us all cheaper games? How is the arrival of CD going to affect us all?
Will we be getting software on smart cards? Was the A600 a good idea? Is the amazing graphics capacity of the A4000 going to change the face of games?
We're not promising that all these questions will be answered in the next few pages. But a few of the most valid opinions in the Amiga world await you... IWIEV DINC VIVID IMAGE DEVELOPMENT "Obviously I’ve been working hard to recover from the demise of Mirrorsoft at the besinnins of V ¦ the year [Mev’s First Samurai had just been released on Mirrorsoft’s Image Works label shortly before its demise].
We finally got over that, got First Samurai re-released by UBI Soft, and now we've got two projects in development for the Amisa. Second Samurai is *s currently without a publisher, while our other title, a Grand Prix management and racing sim, is being developed for Virgin. Both games are scheduled for a release in Spring '93.
“As we haven’t really had anything new published this year, we're not too aware what sales are at the moment. But it is obvious that piracy is affecting Amiga sales very badly - CD is definitely the right way to go forward. I believe that the technology will provide the main bulk of the market in the next couple of years. As for Commodore’s A4000. Our main concern with it at the moment concerns product compatibility.
We just recently learned that changes were necessary to the Second Samurai code to make it operate on the machine.
“I’m very dubious about the pricing of the A4000. Amigas are too expensive. Although it's a computer, and capable of much more than a console.
The Amiga is mainly used as a games machine. And as a sames machine it - just costs too much when compared to the 16-bit consoles. I think people are beginning to think twice before buying an Amiga. Commodore should just accept that Amigas are used primarily as sames machines, and market the Is machines accordingly.” From early demos of Second Samurai it certainly looks impressive enough to put Mev and the Vivid Image boys right back on the commercial map, but his points about Commodore's pricing are certainly food for thought. Mev also seems to be echoing what many others in the industry are
saying about the move towards CD to combat piracy. I GAMES DIARY 73 THAT WAS 1992, THAT WAS m o $ JANUARY It was the Amiga's finest hour, the year in which Commodore released another model of its beloved machine, when the CD-ROM drive saw the light of day, and when software reached heights nobody could have dreamed of back in 1985, when the Amiga was launched.
Over the next few pages we take a look at the events of the year, we find out just what the industry thought of it all, and then take a look towards 1993.
We also delve into the anatomy of those cute Lemmings to find out what really makes them tick, and guide you through the plethora of gadgets, wodgets and widgets, which you really must have. And here is your host is Mark Ramshaw... The year began shakily with concerns over software compatibility between the A500 and A500 Plus.
The situation wasn't as bad as initially suspected, and subsequent game releases had no such problems, but for a moment the A500 Plus seemed like a very strange idea.
The big game of the month was Bullfrog's Populous 2. God-sim guru Peter Molyneux refined the original concept of its predecessor, and redefined the god sim market in the process. The cynical accused Bullfrog of reselling the same game in a new box, but its success put paid to such catcalls. Amiga Format reviewer Trenton Webb announced that "the game of the year is here!" - presumptuous, but not far off.
Aside from the reappearance of everyone's favourite suicide cases in Oh No! More Lemmings, January was something of a heavy month all round, with the strategic Celtic Legends from UBI Soft striking a chord with critics everywhere - though not the buying public.
Licensed games failed to make the grade, with the appalling Captain Planet from Mindscape and Image Work's shameful conversion of the Cisco Heat arcade game. Weeks later, Mirrorsoft went under (ahem) in spectacular fashion. The only downside was the disappearance of Mega lo Mania. Thankfully reports of its demise were exaggerated and, thanks to UBI Soft, it's now alive and available in a special price doublepack with First Samurai.
FEBRUARY Only one month in and already things seemed to be falling into familiar patterns with the good - US Gold's Another World, the bad - WWF (with Space Ace II not far behind), and the ugly - Mercenary III.
Paul Woake's third installment (which despite appearances contained a bit of depth) in the series was to be his, and the publisher, Novagen's, last as they quietly slipped away.
The 'oohs' and the 'aahs' which Another World was extracting aside, February was less spectacular than the previous month. No new companies emerged, none went under, and dodgy licences continued to plague the Amiga games-buying public (remember The Godfather?).
ANDREW BRAYBROOK GRAFTGOLD “How was 1992 for me? Very good.
It started off dismally with the downfall of Mirrorsoft who were originally destined to be the publishers of our Fire And Ice project, but we've managed to come up trumps by signing up with Renegade.
“Fire And Ice seems to have been fairly well accepted, so now I’m just waiting for all the money to come rolling in. Meanwhile though. I'm well down the road on Uridium 2. It's a case of taking the original over on to the Amiga, and saying ‘where do we go from here.' I've got most of the code in there, now' it's just a matter of sorting out the graphics and deciding exactly what to put in there.
“This year seems to have been very quiet. From what I’ve seen of The Chaos Engine, it looks very promising, although in general arcade games seem to be a lot less popular on the Amiga compared to the consoles - role-playing games are becoming far more promi- Amiga Format thought Fire and Ice was so good it was awarded it 89 per cent.
Nent. I guess in the past year the Sega and Nintendo systems have really started to eat up that area of the market.
What I find really astonishing, though, is the amount of disks which games manage to consume these days. I'm certainly not expecting Uridium 2 to take up more than two disks.
“I'd like to get in there and get working on the likes of the A4000.
Though we don't really have that much contact with Commodore - everything tends to filter down through the publishers. The rumours of a baby A4000 sounds quite promising. Of course the advantage of developing a new Amiga, is that you get all that extra power but things are relatively easy to alter. I've actually had to sell my Amiga 1000 this year, so when I get the chance [when the royalties from Fire and Ice come along?] I may well buy a new Amiga.” DAVID BRABEN AUTHOR OF ELITE AND FRONTIER David Braben shot to fame back in 1984 with the award-winning Elite for the BBC Micro.
I Converted to the Amiga in 1987, Elite still remains a landmark in computer gaming. Mr Braben is now putting the finishing touches to Frontier. The long- awaited follow-up to Elite.
“It’s definitely been a very busy year for me. After working away on the sequel to Elite for four years, it’s just about ready for release. It’s already got the tag Elite 2, which I'm not particularly keen on. I don't really want people to have any preconceptions about the game. Although Elite will get some kind c- w of mention on the box, the official name is simply Frontier.
“Looking around at the Amiga industry I think that things have degenerated quite a bit. Which is rather sad when you think of what the alternative is. Piracy is now forcing developers to leave the Amiga, although the impending release of the A4000 is a good sign " JJ ) f m v y X G23K3 .-att.fsu V-! T-:S David has been working on this epic for four years - let's hope it's a goodie.
For the industry. It will provide an upgrade path for existing Amiga owners. Ensuring that the Amiga survives for quite some time to come. The software developers will be able to take advantage of the new; technology while still catering for existing owners, and of course all those people who manage to upgrade will already have a collection of compatible software.” GAMES DIARY 74 z o •o OJ MARCH APRIL March was an altogether more- together month. The big news for games-heads came from programming supremo Sensible Software, with the announcement that Mega lo Mania II was on the way.
Sadly, it was to be abandoned by mid-summer, but fear not - work on the project has recommenced, and a release is scheduled for Spring '93.
Release-wise, all tastes were catered for. A respectable conversion of EA's classic Mega Drive game John Madden Football catered for the sporty types and Americana fiends, while Gremlin's Harlequin temporarily satisfied the eternal hunger of the platform fan, and Domark's Shadowlands confused and delighted adventure fans with its bizarre light-sourced 3D routines.
The same graphic style has since been implemented (to greater effect) on Krisalis' Shadow Worlds, with a more suitable A en-style scenario replacing the fantasy plot of the first game.
Meanwhile, software houses were offering the very first tasters of potential number ones, with Titus The Fox (from Titus, logically enough) and Team 17's Project X peeking out from under the programming covers. Ahh yes, by March the year was shaping up rather nicely thank you.
The CDTV beast reared its head in April, with confirmation of support from Virgin and Electronic Arts.
Music Cds with accompanying graphics were also touted for the first time. Beyond their novelty value it was hard to think of a use for the idea, but it was to re-emerge later in the year with one CDTV supporter scooping an award for a Karaoke system.
Also meant to be showing out was Empire's long-awaited tank- based action strategy war epic Campaign. "Watch out for this next month", said Neil Jackson.
Programmer Jonathan Griffiths obviously had very different ideas and the game has only just seen the light of day.
One game which suffered no such problems in slippage was Pinball Dreams from 21st Century.
An outstanding representation of arcade pinball tables, nobody could have guessed just what a games- players' favourite this would become. The programmers are about to serve up another slice in the form of Pinball Magic, but it remains to be seen whether it'll find a place in gamespiayers' hearts in quite the same way the first game did.
Hare Raising Havoc was perhaps the most lamentable release of the month. Catering for hard-drive owners only, Infogrames bash at offering a Roger Rabbit cartoon experience looked and sounded great.
Unfortunately, in play it fell flat on its face, and held about as much life as rabbit pie.
Another comparative baby of the software industry is Core Design, which 7 has transformed from a product development team into a fully-fledged software house with apparently little pain.
“The end of 1992 will be our third Christmas as a fully fledged software publisher, which of course is personally very exiting for us all. From releasing Corporation just three years ago to releasing the likes of Curse Of Enchantia this Christmas, we just keep on expanding and growing beyond all of our expectations. It's quite simply tremendous.
“As for the computer industry as a whole, the console is admittedly more important at the moment - it seems to have been Sega and Nintendo’s year.
Having said that, though, we’ll be main- taining our strong commitment to the V ¦ w Amiga, and to CD. 1993 will see the release of our first CD software for the machine. One or two of our existing titles (such as Enchantia) are in development for CD, as well as a couple of dedicated games.” JEREMY SfVIITH MD OF CORE DESIGN TOM WATSON RENEGADE Core's views seem to reflect those of the entire Amiga industry at the moment. Everybody is worried about the scourge of piracy and the prominence that the consoles have taken, but people remain optimistic about CD formats and the new ‘super
Amigas’.
One company which has certainlv estab- I lished itself as a prominent publishing house during 1992 has been Renegade.
Having gone from industry outsider to a high-profile, reasonably high-output software house, it is interesting to hear what top man Tom Watson's views are on the year.
“The great thing about 1992 has been the release of Fire And Ice.
Sensible Soccer and The Chaos Engine
- all three of which are great products, and are released by us,
incidentally. And of course we’ve got Ruff And Tumble and
Andrew Bray brook's Uridium 2 off the ground too. Looking
around at the rest of the industry, CD is certainly looking
very promising and could be the way to go. We'll be releasing
Sensible Soccer on CD - it'll be interesting to see how that
one comes off.
“We're not really involved with the Amiga 4000 as yet, but that will possibly change as 1993 bears upon us. One The Chaos Engine has yet to be released, but the demo was more that promising.
Of the more interesting aspects of 1992 was the announcement of the next generation of hardware technology. It feels like we actually have machines and specifications which will take us to a new level over the next few years. Of particular interest and promise I think is Atari's Falcon, which certainly looks capable of putting Atari back into the running (laughs).
“There have been three main points of interest about the year for us. First of all the products, second the establishment of Renegade as a creative force in the software industry - with a cream of programming that has come in the form of the Bitmap Brothers, Graftgold and Sensible, etc. “And finally, with new technologies coming through, the industry finally has got some 'arrows’ pointing towards the way ahead." I GAMES DIARY 75 m o o C;u 3i.fyiv o 2'’9"3S C-F i Poi § Titus' eponymous Fox was another great cutie platformer.
Vroom wasn't based on one particular game, but it was great fun.
EOTB2: the eagerly awaited sequel delivered the goods.
Might and Magic 3, another RPGer full of strategic and combative action.
JUNE MAY A month of BIG things is perhaps the best way to describe May. As if sister magazine Amiga Shopper's sellout computer show wasn't news enough. Commodore bowled one and all over with the announcement of the A600. Featuring a new Workbench, a new edge connector but lacking a numeric keypad, the A600 once again raised that good old compatibility problem. Thankfully, aside from games requiring a numeric keypad, the A600 was fully compatible with the A500 Plus at least. Phew!
And the A50Q Plus? Consigned to an early grave, would you believe. Who can follow the whims and ways of Commodore sometimes? Luckily, CDTV owners were having more luck, with MicroProse, Mindscape and Psygnosis all pledging support for the remarkable silver disc. None of them have yet produced anything of note for CDTV, but presumably 1993 will change all that.
After sticking its head out for a brief moment back in March, France's Titus The Fox finally burst on to the scene, impressing one and all with its cartoon antics. But the show was really stolen by two titles from another French outfit, namely UBI Soft. Vroom entered the 3D track racing arena and proved that there was none faster, while Dynablaster (also known as Bomberman, for reasons which really aren't interesting enough to go into here) broke new ground in terms of multi-player fun.
Offering not one, not two, not three, but five simultaneous player fun, Dynablaster gave the Amiga games scene a much needed social boost.
It's a shame that Dynablaster never received the success it deserved.
Smart cards for the forthcoming A600 were the talking point for the industry in June. Although potentially piracy free, it seemed nobody was prepared to commit themselves, opting instead to wait and see.
Games-wise, adventures and shoot-'em-ups were in abundance.
They ranged from the atrocious - Sierra's Leisure Suit Larry 1 (a rewritten version of the first in the Larry series) and Space Quest IV, to unspectacular yet satisfying - US Gold's Eye Of The Beholder 2 and Might & Magic 3. Role-playing games seem to suffer from sequel-itis more than any other genre, and June was a perfect example of great adventure games, but a lack of new ideas.
Kevin Bulmer's Legend Of Valour is due for release soon, boasting texture-mapping, intelligent characters and other breakthrough techniques.
The shoot-'em-up contingent didn't have anything to complain about, with the stunning (but overly difficult) Project X from rising stars Team 17, and Apidya from German software house PlayByte. With its myriad of soundtracks, user-defin- ability and lovingly created levels, Apidya instantly gained the status of the ultimate Amiga shoot-'em-up.
June was notable for Empire's excellent tank strategy blast Pacific Islands and Ocean's magnificent Addams Family. The odds were against them, with the choice to base a platform game around a tenuous movie licence, but its success couldn't be argued. What with this and RoboCop 3, it seemed like the software industry was finally getting the hang of movie licences.
MOLYNEUX BULLFROO Peter Molyneux and his team of B ul lfroggers made their mark with the archetypal god sim Populous. The offered ambitious (for the time) isometric 3D views of a game world where computerised people went about their lives under a sort of indirect control by the player.
Bullfrog followed this with Powermonger, a wargame extolling the same virtues as its first hit. Some failed to the see the attraction of ‘indirect control', thinking it a strangely cold way to play games - but the commercial success of Bullfrog is beyond doubt.
“1992? Well, we've expanded to 20 people, which can't be bad. But it's been something of a mixed year, with disappointments and surprises. CDTV was a disappointment. I'd hoped to see it become more successful. But at the same time, Commodore have excited me with their new A4000 machine - although details at the moment seem to be a little hazy. In fact, everyone seems game to be releasing machines at the moment.
“The Amiga 600 has been good, although it caused loads of hassle because of the absence of a keypad.
And I've been really pleased that CD is really starting to happen for some machines, and I think it will eventuallv j catch on for the Amiga. And of course, the other great thing for me personally the success of Populous 2 - as we speak it's still number five in Virgin's chart. Plus we'll hopefully have Syndicate released in the near future .
“The most amazing thing about 1992 has been the number of football games! On the positive side. WizKid was pretty wacky, which is a good thing. The one I'm really waiting for though is Elite II. The original Elite was probably the first computer game I ever played, so this a real event for me.” GAMES DIARY 76 ANNUAL 1993 JULY July and the A600 finally happened, and the A500 Plus was dropped. In reality, it hardly effected the Amiga world, but was a positive step in the long term. Fun-wise, one game stood head and shoulders above the crowd. Eagerly awaited for the best part of the year. Monkey
Island 2: LeChuck's Revenge finally materialised and, despite the hiccup of sprawling itself over 11 disks, it instantly found a place in Amiga owners' hearts. This sequel managed to outdo its predecessor in every area, without losing the elements which established the original in the first place. If you only ever buy one graphic adventure game, then Monkey Island 2 has to be the one.
US Gold's much vaunted Links finally emerged and, although by no means the last word in golf sims, its visual style couldn't be faulted.
The job of filling the slot for Obligatory Role Playing Game for the month fell to Mindscape with Legend, from cult programmer Tag.
Thankfully, Legend offered so much more than its contemporaries, with a mixture of classy 3D isometric graphics, mouse control system and an accessibility rarely seen in games of this depth. A real classic.
Not to be outdone. Virgin got all hot under the collar with the 'Monkey Island beating' Lure Of The Temptress. It didn't, but it was a damn fine game anyway. Oh yes, and Cover Girl Poker was unleashed, with accompanying tacky coverage in the gutter press and bad reviews all-round. It's not really worth wasting column space on, so let's not.
Mindscape got courageous, releasing its isometric arcade exploration fest D-generation at £19.95. Controversy still rages as to whether this is simply because the game is sub-standard - Amiga Format awarded it just 66 per cent - or whether it was a genuine stab at introducing quality titles at a reasonable price - Amiga Power gave the game 88 per cent urging all readers to support the pricing move.
Core let its Jaguar game out of the cage, pitting it against Gremlin's Lotus games. Undeniably neat Jaguar didn't fulfil its potential, and, a track designer aside, it failed to significantly improve upon Lotus II.
August also saw the first WizKid reviews, although the game itself was delayed until September.
Ten months after it was first touted.
Ocean's Epic went to the top of the charts. The subsequent reviews and buyers' responses painted a different picture, however. Suffice to say that it didn't fulfil its potential.
One game which exceeded expectation was Graham Taylor's Soccer Challenge. Football management games are hit and miss at the best of times, and given Graham Taylor's reputation at the time, the game was almost a laughable concept. Yet, it succeeded, offering the best slice of footy management Amiga owners have yet seen.
Other grooves of the month included The Perfect General - a hard-core wargame which managed good reviews, and Ashes Of Empire - a 3D strategy arcade adventure which mirrored the social and political events in the Soviet Union.
ARCHER JvtACLEAN AUTHOR OF IK+, JIMMY WHITE'S WHIRLWIND SNOOKER AND POOL Archer Maclean must be now one of the most established programmers in the industry. He rose to fame in the mid- Eighties with a beautiful C64 game that went by the name of Dropzone. Since then Archer's written the ultimate martial arts celebration of violence, IK+ for System 3 on the C64 and the Amiga, and achieved huge commercial success with Jimmy White's Whirlwind Snooker, one of the 11 ) 1" d ever to appear on either home computer or console formats.
"This year has been seriously hectic for me, and I'm only now managing to if °;BaiI get Pool finished. I don't know where to start at the moment. What with jug- Poo uses the same tried-and-tested formula that made Whirlwind Snooker such a big . Hit. Can it match its success though? Will it still be in the Top 20 this time next year?
Ghng PR. Games writing and project managing tasks (other versions of Amiga, which can only be a good sign.
Snooker). It's most certainly been a At the moment everything seems to busy year. And then of course there's healthy enough on the Amiga, it's still a my very active social life, but we'd bet- major platform for launching new ter not go into that. Games. Economically at least, the "I don't really think things in the Amiga is still a very worthwhile Amiga games market have changed a machine to develop for. I know that, great deal throughout the year, although although I'm keen to work on other there have been a fair few problems machines. I intend to develop software with the Amiga
hardware-wise. On the for the Amiga for quite some time, software side of things, there are defi- "It's very important that users don't nitely more products making it on to the fall for the Japanese consoles too much.
If you look right back to console days of 1983, everybody did the same with Atari's VCS system, then the market was bled dry and it soon collapsed because of it.
'The next thing that I've got planned is something I've been planning for some time: a holiday. Then I've got Snooker and Pool to produce on countless different formats. Then maybe. I might finally get around to programming Super Dropzone." I GAMES DIARY 77 no o o § "You won't notice Lotus, and Jag's a PushOver. Very much in the Lemmings drag compared to Crazy Cars III.” vein, and almost as addictive.
SEPTEMBER nrrnDCD By the end of the summer Commodore's long-awaited A570 CD-ROM drive finally went on sale, though we've yet to see anything of significance appear. Certainly the likes of Psygnosis' Microcosm and Virgin's 7th Guest promise much, but so far there has been a lack of CD-only titles worth mentioning.
Direct ports and CD-enhanced versions of older games will not be sufficient to push CD technology through, and 1993 will be the make or break year for Amiga CD.
Meanwhile, in the world of games releases, Titus claimed Crazy Cars III was astounding, and it was.
Pushing arcade playability to the limits, CCIII really is something special - instantly pushing its way to the top of the driving pile.
Ocean meanwhile was playing with new game ideas and marketing concepts. Its neat platform puzzler PushOver found its way into a Quavers TV ad, along with a little help from Commodore. Nice promotion if you can get it. Hook was its other biggie of the month - another game to cause controversy. Some compare this graphics adventure quite favourably to US Gold's Monkey Island, others slam it as small, superficial and unfunny. The adverse criticism is probably because Hook is aimed at younger adventure players - at least it captured the feel of the movie.
Civilization was the only other real 'name' of September. A global strategy game of conquest, discovery and progress, this effort from Sid Meier at MicroProse was over ambitious, but with patience, the results could prove very satisfying.
Commodore was at it again by October, putting the cat among the pigeons with news of an A600 price cut to £299, and Christmas packs were launched, containing such choice games as Putty, and Formula One Grand Prix (not to mention some great serious products in the shape of Deluxe Paint III). This answered many calls from the industry that the price of home computers had to come down to beat off the invasion of the consoles.
The manic cartoon panic of Putty also got a solo airing in the same month, instantly (and rather surprisingly) gaining a substantial amount of critical acclaim along the way.
Amiga Format awarded it 95 per cent
- a rarity indeed. Strangely, one of few games to receive this
magical number was Zool, also finally released in October, some
four months from its scheduled release.
Luckily, Virgin made amends with Archer Maclean's Pool.
Essentially Jimmy White's Whirlwind Snooker with new rules and other extra features, there's no doubting its excellence. Whether owners of Snooker will be keen to fork out for Pool is a matter of considerable debate, though.
And finally, at the time of writing Future Publishing (the company behind Amiga Format, Amiga Power and Amiga Shopper) is gearing up for the biggest computer exhibition in the UK in the form of The Future Entertainment Show at Earls Court, London. If you read this before you go to the show, be assured it'll blow your mind.
PAUL WALKER ARC DEVELOPMENTS L-JEIGHT 30 5 LBS FROM: VEHICE BE-CH _riL(F Oi .TllM BIRTHDfiy = ft -JCUS ~ 11 TRADEMARK HOLD: P LE Of: vE; Knoun for=cart _ ra nc the L-JLF CHPf'TPlOR'E-HlP TITLE FOR hT UnPRECEDERTED THRO TfHE nT WRE = “_EriPniN vu FAVOURITE QUOTE: UhftTCHft CORRft DO UHER THE LARGEST RRHE in THE UORLD b'-tPD HULKRf'lR" i ft RUH U ’ LD OR rOU Almost as popular as computer games in 1992 was WWF, so what better idea than to combine the two. Come back Giant Haystacks and Shirley Crabtree, that's what I say.
'Things have been progressing for us in 1992. The industry doesn't seem to have been hit by recession like others have, and products seem to have been a lot better this year.
"The Amiga market seems to be going from strength to strength. And of course we're looking forward to the new machines. Commodore has a good foothold, and with the low price A600 it’s more accessible than ever (and there are so many good products out there).
"Piracy seems to have almost disappeared. It’s as though people have lost This one will get everyone huddled round the Amiga on Christmas day.
All interest in it. Plus there's less mention of it in the press.
"We've had a good year, although it’s only towards the end of the year that we’ve actually got our products out there. Liverpool has just been released on the Amiga, but at the moment we’ve still got lots in production. We'll probably know after Christmas how successful it all has been.
“Looking at our forthcoming titles, Nick Faldo's Golf is looking fantastic.
The whole thing just looks so clean. It's possible to dive straight in or approach things more technically, taking your time over shots and choosing the right club. It should definitely be powerful enough to satisfy more hardened golf fans. We’re also working on WWF2 for Ocean. For that one we sat down and spent ages examining real wrestling action. We've tried to make it as true to life as possible, rather than going for a cartoon style. Everything is different from the original WWF, it’s not a simple reworking. We've gone all out on the animation frames for each character making it all as
smooth as possible.
“We’ve got other things on the boil.
O’ * including Bart Vs The World. And that old board-game favourite, Scrabble, for US Gold - which is amazingly powerful. Plus Virgin’s McDonaldland is one of ours. We have got more products ready, but they are a bit hush hush.” GAMES DIARY - THE MADE-UP BIT 78 ANNUAL 1993 NOVEMBER DECEMBER Time for a little speculation, because November hasn't actually happened yet (at least not to me). Here's what I think is likely... The games market always hots up as Christmas approaches. Thus it is no surprise to find a clutch of minor classics and respectable titles crowding store shelves, hoping to
last until they could stand and be counted in the end-of-year chart.
Team M's Assassin slips out early, offering a slick scrolling-platform arcade-adventure thang (Project X on foot). Even Mirage releases its (not very Lemmings- esque) Humans, a puzzle platform game of prehistoric folk. And Virgin gets Shuttle on to the launch pad.
BAT2 from UBI Soft touches down, an atmospheric adventure with some wonderful French touches. Krisalis decides to get into strategy with two 3D exploration and destruction games: Sabre Team resembles the ancient (but excellent) Laser Squad, while Shadow Worlds offers an A ens-style update of the 'Photoscaped' game system used in Domark's Shadow Lands. Krisalis is hard at work with the potentially huge Soccer Kid and Arabian Nights.
Finally Thalion and Core brings up the vanguard, with the 3D vector motorbike racer No Second Place and the cartoon adventure Curse Of Enchantia respectively. Thai ion's Lionheart should be hitting the shelves right about... thwack!... now, while the programmers at Core are beavering away with the sequel to 1991's acclaimed Chuck Rock.
Expect results in spring of '93.
Contenders for the Xmas number 1 include Electronic Arts' conversion of the MegaDrive hit Road Rash (the Amiga one improves on the original), MicroProse with the long-delayed Gunship 2000 flight simulation, and Virgin with the highflying Reach For The Skies. Of the two airborne epics, my money's on Gunship (its landscaping technology is truly impressive).
US Gold Delphine's Another World was a surprise hit of '92, so it comes as no surprise to find them using the same graphic system on Flashback. Criticisms of Another World have been taken into account and a more detailed, more interactive and - importantly - a bigger game results. It may lack a licencee, but it's awash with good ideas.
There won't be any competition for the top chart placing from David Braben's Frontier, the sequel to Elite. The release date of that big name has been put back until mid- January (that's a hint in publisher Konami's direction by the way - we want Frontier and we want it now!).
And what of Lemmings 21 The sequel of the year, it'll be interesting to see if DMA can match the original. Certainly the novelty value has worn off, so it'll be down to playability, and that other secret ingredient - hype.
And so there we have it - a year of big names, great games, some failures, but the promise of a great
1993. See you next year.
Tonight you could prang an F-19, shatter enemies from your Ml tank or have a smashing dogfight in your FI 5 Alternatively you could crash out in front of the TV With incredible animated graphics finely honed skills to decide on putting you squarely in the hot seat, strategy, missions and campaigns.
There's no excuse to be sluggish! More of a challenge than waiting for a ...... . Rerun of Top Gun, really.
Ihese realistic simulations give you a r 1 3D perspective of combat in the sky from your jet fighter cockpit or on the ground from your tank turret. Each game demands that you use your Seriously Fun Software PROSE SIMULATION • SOFTWARE F-19 Stealth Fighter, Ml Tank Platoon, F-15 Strike Eagle II - all classic games from Europe's Number One Software Publisher MicroProse Ltd. Unit 1 Hampton Road Industrial Estate, Tetburv, Glos. GL8 8LD. UK ANATOMY OF A GAME CT- Probably the classic Amiga game of all time: original, absorbing, amusing and entertaining, what can we say about Lemmings that hasn't
been said already? Well, the man to ask for an original thought on the topic is Dave Jones, who created the original and is now polishing off the seguel.
Mark Ramshaw asks him how it's going... DEVISED BY DAVID Jones and his team at DMA design, Lemmings finally reached an appreciative audience back in January 1991.
After months of demo disks and witty advertising from publisher Psygnosis, the Amiga games world could finally play the phenomenon in full. The verdict was an almost-universal thumbs-up.
AMIGA FORMAT Wm ANNUAL 1993 Reasons for its success are hard to pinpoint. The cute characterisation and vulnerability of the lemmings themselves? The unique 'save-'em-up' game concept? Perhaps it was simply a fluke of design that resulted in an utterly addictive puzzle-cum-platform game.
It's likely that all of these element contributed to its success but, as with all classics, it's not really possible to pinpoint exactly why Lemmings is so good. It just is.
Lemmings spans 100 screens where the objective is simply to guide the lemmings from an opening to an exit. The route between these two points is more often than not fraught with dangers, including water, chasms, solid walls, forming puzzles which must be solved by 2ivin2 the lemmin2S functions: to di2. To build a bridge, to tunnel sideways, to unfurl an umbrella, and so on.
It's all mighty bizarre stuff, that's for sure, and with the timely release of Lemmings 2 - The Tribes this Christmas, who better to help us trace the ori2ins and 2rowth of the creatures than David Jones himself? So here he is. Talking about Lemmings in his own words... Why lemmings? What’s special about suicidal creatures with blue bodies and green hair?
Well, with Lemmings the visual side came first of all and then the concept followed on from that. Somebody was playing about with a small animation in Dpaint. It showed a bunch of very small guys walking to the top of a cliff, then getting blasted by a gun.
I just saw a game in it.
And so soon we settled on the idea of trying to save these little guys, who then became these lemmin2 creatures.
How did the bizarre game-playing concept come about?
We decided to control them indirectly to make it easier to use. Most games you control directly; we just though it would be nice to set them a task, then let them go off and do something. It makes it nice to just try things out.
Building any way, bashing any way, that sort of thing. We wanted to make it possible to manipulate the entire playing area.
Were God sim games along the lines of Populous an influence?
Not really, we went our own way. Although Lemmings shares the indirect control method with them, we weren't really influenced.
What brought about the idea of having various lemming types?
Ease of programming, to be honest. One of the main criteria was that we thou2ht there was no way to dig upwards. That would have removed the puzzle element from a lot of the levels.
Just by being selective like this, and combin- in2 them with the level desi2ns. We found the best balance for the 2ame.
Did you expect it to be such a hit?
No. Not really. We did expect success with it, but we never anticipated such a level of success. It was fun to do though, and never 20t boring even towards the end of the project, so obviously we knew we'd got something right.
FTj ANATOMY OF A GAME Lemmings, there wasn't much incentive to go O ’ o back to a level once it was completed. With Lemmings 2 things aren't so straightforward.
O o o Lemmings saved in one level now get taken to the next level, for instance.
We want to get away from the ‘you complete a level or you don't". In Lemmings 2 everything is so much more variable. Having said that we see Lemmings 2 complementing the original rather than superceding it. I think people will still want to go back, and try to tackle those harder levels of the original game O ‘w-
- and of course Oh No! More Lemmings.
We are worried a little, yes. If you look at the screenshots, then Lemmings 2 doesn't really look that special, or that different from the first game. But remember that the first Lemmings never really looked much on screen shots. It wasn't until people played the game that it became apparent how much fun it was. Once again, we're producing playable demos of a few levels, so people wall get a chance to try it out. I think the demo will sell the game.
Just one. I can't think of a way to do a two- player version. It's a shame, I'm a fan of head-to-head games. We may produce a completely different version of the game with a two-player option, if only we can figure a way to alter the concept to accommodate it.
There's just much more in there - a lot more interactivity with things in the background, and a lot of interaction between the lemmings.
O' which wasn't really a feature of the first game.
There are now 64 different lemming skills.
O with thousands of possibilities for combining them. Completing levels is no longer I've no doubt that there will be a third Lemmings product. But it may be some time yet - it was hard enough coming 81 ANNUAL 1993 How much pressure was there on you to do a Lemmings 2 and make it even better?
It was inevitable that there had to be one. But the problem was how to make it different, how to improve it, but make it still identifiably a Lemmings game. We tried making the lemmings bigger, making it more of an arcade game, that sort of thing. In the end. Though, we decided not to mess with the basic concept too Yes, you can still kill lemmings, but they have to fall a much greater height to get wiped out.
They can now be stunned, or knocked out.
We've given their injuries more variety!
Do you think the success of the new game will match that of the first?
I would hope so. I don't see why not. It can be a lot more rewarding. Playing the original The playable demo of Lemmings 2 will be available exclusively on the Coverdisk of the Januaiy issue of Amiga Format, out in December.
THERE'S ONLY ONE LEMMINGS! (No, there's four...) LEMMINGS - THE ORIGINAL The buzz started round the computer industry in autumn 1990, when Psygnosis took the unusual step of circulating a demo disk via computer trade paper CTW. A demo on the Coverdisk of Amiga Format, a place in several Amiga bundles and the Game of the Year award followed.
OH NO! MORE LEMMINGS!
The follow-up came in time for Xmas 1991 in the form of a batch of new levels which could be bought either as an add-on for the original or as a stand-alone game. Strangely, it was not quite as enthusiastically received by the magazine reviewers because Lemmings had covered that ground.
CHRISTMAS LEMMINGS If More Lemmings lacked originality, this made up for it. Only available on the Coverdisk of the January 1992 issue of Amiga Format, this lovely piece of mischief from Dave Jones saw the lemmings dressed in Santa garb, making their way across a snowscape to e-scape. Great!
LEMMINGS 2 - THE TRIBES What the people wanted was new graphics and a new twist on the gameplay and they’ll get it: with a vengeance. The new game will be out this Xmas and features whole new lemming nations as well as new abilities. Dave Jones promises a new style of play to test your wits.
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The above building was designed by Architect David Bishop, modelled by Xcad and rendered with Imagine.
Xcad SPEED - An Amiga 600 is 6 times faster on zoom and redraw than AutoCAD running on a fast '386.
PRACTICALITY - Ideal for design in architecture, electronic and or mechanical engineering.
COMPATIBILITY - AutoCAD DXF import export comes complete across the Xcad range. Print to plotters, laser or dot-matrix printers.
MODULAR - Simple upgrade from Xcad 2000 to Xcad 3000.
Xcad harnesses the incredible power of the Amiga to deliver a draughting tool to beat all others.
Processing times are cut to a fraction of most PC based systems.
Plans, designs and blueprints can easily be produced using simple, flexible menus or commands.
The Xcad range starts from as little as £129 for Xcad 2000 (1 Mb RAM minimum) which includes both 2D Detailing and 3D Modelling plus automatic perspective views.
Imagine The 24 bit image above was completely originated on an Amiga computer. The drawings were designed with Xcad, the 3D model was created from the 2D drawings and the 24 bit image (1280 x 1024 resolution) was rendered with imagine - in fact this whole article was put together using Professional Page, Xcad and Imagine. These Amiga products would amount to £777 (RRP), compared to AutoCAD, 3D Studio and Ventura on a PC which comes in at £5100 - and that's just for the software! Imagine 2.0 has a retail price of £269.
Never before has the Amiga been so well complemented. Never before has the Designer been given so much power, speed and flexibility at such an affordable price.
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3. 5 DSDD SPECIALS BANX OFFER GAME GADGETS fTz IS THAT LAST space
invader bugging you?
Do you tremble at the sight of that final screen in Another World? Are your attempts at being a knight of the sky dogged by a curious attraction to the ground? Fear not! A solution is at hand. What you need is a gadget. Gadgets are fun. Sometimes funny, and quite inexpensive.
And even though they don't help you improve your scores, they’re fun to have around.
Get more out of gaming with gadgets. Be they wacky joysticks, light pistols, screen freezers or even two-player tussles, there's so much fun to be had. Here are the greatest gadgets of the year as recommended by Mark Ramshaw. .. But what precisely is a gadget? Let's throwaway that dictionary and just say that a gadget is a desirable extra, an oddment, a curio that opens up new vistas of gaming mayhem.
We've trawled up some great ways of getting more out of gaming - waggling a wheel, yanking a yoke, programming your own games or peeking into the code of others'. Or even downright cheating. Here's the best and most entertaining gamer's gadgets that we’ve come across all year... 86 QUIT BUGGING IVIE THE CHEETAH BUG CHEETAH £ 14.99 NO ou Something of a controversial choice this one.
People either take to the quirky styling and ergonomics of The Bug straight away and vow to use it for life, or they toss it to one side and grab that trusty Competition Pro. Our advice is to pop into your local joystick supplier, ask for a quick bash on a game (or at least a few seconds gripping the little beggar). If you think that a palm-friendly creature might be for you, then you won't do better than The Bug. And hey. It just looks so cute.
The Cheetah Turbo Fighter - now this is what I call a joystick, very good for those 'Thunderbirds are go'- type poses.
GONNA TAKE YOU HIGHER THE CHEETAH TURBO FIGHTER CHEETAH £49.99 High flying and fast driving figure in the lives of most games players, particularly with the success of MicroProse games such as Knights Of The Sky and Formula One Grand Pri.x. The problem with these games, though, is that no matter how realistic they manage to look, they never seem to feel quite right.
Enter Cheetah's Turbo Fighter - perfect for Thunderbirds-style poses and believable plane and car control. There are other respectable flight sticks on the market, but we chose this one for the inclusion of a desk clamp
- essential for when things get a bit physical on that final lap.
DON'T PLAY WITH YOURSELF DYNABLASTER UBI SOFT £29.99 There's really no excuse for computer gaming to be a solitary pastime. There's nothing that can bond people more than sitting around the Amiga with a bunch of friends. And that's where Dynablaster comes in. Not since Pacman has a game been so simple and yet so deliciously compulsive (and in fact if you imagine Pacman with the added danger of bombs, you're half way to understanding the wonderfulness of Dynablaster). Its real masterstroke. Though, is the inclusion of an adaptor which makes it possible for up to five people to play
simultaneously.
Forget computerised competition, the real fun lies in ruthlessly thrashing all your friends, then smugly hurling masses of abuse at them.
In multi-player mode though, there are very few games which can match Dynablaster for sheer fun. And even as a one-player game it ain't half bad.
Two's company and three's an absolute scream when you start playing Dynablaster.
GAME GADGETS GET YOUR JVUTTS ROUND THESE CHARACTER STICKS CHEETAH £ 1 2.99 EACH Whatever your choice, FI or Indy 500, Freewheeling will add a third dimension to your game.
S Now set serious! Totally ridiculous and vet w « j utterly fantastic to look at. There's just something strangely appealing about the idea of using Bart to play The Simpsons game (or any other game for that matter) that appeals.
Not a Simpsons fan? Then for something a little more aesthetically pleasing, how about that Alien joystick, or perhaps The Terminator stick is more your thing, or do you fancy a Batstick? One of the weirdest ideas doing the rounds in the sadsets market, these Character Sticks are nevertheless exactly the kind of thing people love to receive as a present.
Gadgets just don't come much sillier, unnecessary. Or downright cool.
LIGHT ARJVIS UGHTPHAZER TROJAN £39.99 If you're looking for fun gadgets, then look no further. Trojan's Lightphazer is the ideal partner to all those Operation Wolf-style games, finally giving you the chance to really ‘take aim and fire'. With a range of about four feet and a surprising degree of accuracy.
Lightphazer makes an excellent change from all that joystick waggling. It even comes with a couple of reasonable games, of which the shooting gallery antics of The Enforcer is by far the most fun. The downside to the gun is the lack of software support out there (Ocean's Space Gun is one of the few games that supports it), but if it's laugh-a-minute family entertainment you're after, then this certainly does the trick.
THE ACTION REPLAY CARTRIDGE III DATEL £59.99 Still struggling with your favourite games?
Then there's only one answer: cheat. Action Replay lets you 'freeze' a game at any point, then hack through the code to make yourself invincible, give yourself extra lives, ammunition or whatever.
Of course, it's not quite that simple, and some kind of knowledge of your Amiga comes in handy, but Amiga Format prints ready-to use cheats for most games tv try issue. And don't forget that you get a lot more for your money too. The Action Replay III also includes a simple assembler, screen grabbing utilities X 'WO- and memory saving capabilities. The ultimate hacker's tool, the Action Replay could even encourage you to learn a little more about how w J those games are put together.
WHEEL JvtEET AGAIN NIGEL MANSELL'S FREEWHEEL SPECTRAVI DEO £29.99 Of course, if you want to tackle those racing games in an even more convincing fashion, then this bizarre gadget is the baby for you. Not actually a joystick in the conventional sense. The Freewheel lacks any kind of base. By holding and turning this detached steering w wheel, gravity sensors are tripped, and so it sends standard joystick signals to vour beloved Amiga. A lit-
• ' w tie bizarre at first, after a few hours you won't think
twice about the disembodied piece of plastic in your hands.
AND HERE'S ONE I JvtADE EARLIER AMOS EUROPRESS SOFTWARE £39.99 SHOOT 'EM UP CONSTRUCTION KIT GBH £9.99 The last step in a games gadget fan plan has to be to make a game from scratch. Programming w w w is a pretty complex affair though, so it's good that programs such as AMOS and Shoot 'em Up Construction Kit are available to help out. Of the two. SEUCK is the most limited, but then it's also the most accessible and has the benefit of a great new budget price.
As the title suggests, the SEUCK offers a w u- headache-free route to producing mightily playable shoot-'em-up games. The results won't win awards, but you could well make a bob or two in the world of PD. AMOS offers something closer to real programming, but again guides the user through step by step. It's COMPANY CONTACTS CHEETAH, Bedwas Business Park, Bedwas, Gwent NP1 8DU. ® 0222 867777 DATEL, Govan Road, Fenton Industrial Estate, Fenton, Stoke on Trent ST4 2RS.
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every big (and not so big) game out there. When the honourable way seems impossible and a cheat is needed, then you need look no further.
Worth noting that some AMOS users have actu- w ally had their games published. But even if you just want to mess around and impress your friends, then AMOS will ease you into the sometimes complex world of programming smoothly and enjoyably.
& THEY'RE BACK... with new skills, for a new world!!!
A ? 12 Brand New Tribes of Lemmings, each with their own skills.
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FOR THE FIRST time CD technology is available for a major home computer format, the Amiga. The A570 (and A670) are set to usher in a whole new generation of games.
Games that are finally freed from the shackles of disk-based data storage. Yet, even now, there is a fifth column working within the Amiga games community to betray this revolution before it starts. These are games that insist on competing with the console ‘toys' that are enjoying temporary popularity.
The chief culprit is Zool. Gremlin's Sonic the Hedgehog-bashing platform romp. Zool is a good game, no doubt about it. It's fast, it’s slick, it's inventive and. Above all.
It's a thrilling test of reactions and guess-work. Yet no game has ever split the Amiga Format team so decisively, so desperately, so that they still fly at each others’ throats after hours of debate.
Trenton Webb, erstwhile Amiga Format ScreenPlay editor, argues that we have to move away from colourful console-style platform games and get behind CD... Zool fans sing its praises fervently; Zool bashers don't deride the game, just the path it seems to be leading us down.
P the volution In 1992 there has been a complete turnabout in the nature of premier Amiga games. The year kicked off with Eye of the Beholder 2 and Monkey Island 2 storming on to the scene. Both sequels boasted stronger game- play than their parents, better graphics, more involved plots and much more addictive power. These games have sold in thousands and forced more folk to take ‘sickies’ from work than your average flu bug. As gamers struggle to master epic gaming challenges.
Both games - and their horde of generic clones - stressed huge wodges of data, pixel- perfect mouse control and a long-term play.
They have created interactive worlds that grow with you. The more you leam, the more you explore, the more outrageous your solutions, then the more the game gives you back.
Monkey Island pays you dividends in belly laughs and
* 1993 will be different, The economic hi-jinks of the last
months and the proliferation of games machines means there's
less development cash around, so a string of platform games
could be all we have to look forward to,,,99 EOTB2 has an ever
more complex plot. They have made their mark, in terms of
playability and quality, nudging Amiga games closer to a hard
drive, if not a CD base.
Now, as the year draws to a close, Zool appears, swiftly erasing all memories of pirates and paladins. Zool should sell by the skip load, if foam-jawed reviewers are anything to go by, but this is not necessarily a good thing. That may sound contrived, but it's true. The same Pavlovian publishing response seems sure to follow the big Z’s success as it did EOTB.
Software publishing is, after all, a commercial enterprise with its fair share of imagination - albeit spread somewhat unevenly. So when somebody else's game sells, other publishers see it as a ‘trend' and happily commit their resources to future clones of the current hit.
The games trade, though, is a perilous one.
Especially in a recession-ravaged world. Huge sums of cash must be sunk into game projects months - even years - before release. Then if the title turns out to be a real dog, or fatally flawed (take Ocean's Epic for example), the the return hasn't a hope of recovering the initial investment. So publishers are always on the lookout for trends which, if joined early on. Guarantee a profit by virtue of popular hype. These trends are usually spotted at the review stage, when word spreads through the games world of just how good or different a new game really is.
Zool is one such success. With the wild reviews singing its praises from the rooftops, less imaginative publishers are now honour-bound to follow suit. They won’t see Zool for what it is - a damned fine plat- former - but as a ‘success’ in which they can share if a similar game can be knocked out real quick. The result will be a glut of Sonic bashers in the new year, most of which can't hold a candle (or anything else for that matter) to the ninja from the nth dimension.
Normally such trends are easily dismissed, with a round of scathing reviews when the imi- tators finally hit the streets. Yet 1993 will be different. The economic hi-jinks of the last few months and the proliferation of games platforms (as opposed to platform games) means there’s less development cash around, so a string of platform games could be all we have to look forward to. When they fail, because they can't top Zool. Burnt-fingered publishers may conclude that the machine, and not the game, is at fault and move on to formats new.
Such short-term thinking frustrates the long-term potential of the Amiga. Only by exploring new areas, new game styles and new technologies, such as CDTV. Will computer games really prosper. Yet Zool, with its crossformat potential, stands a chance of arresting any such development. Zool uses existing game styles and. While it uses every lump of solder on the motherboard to maximum effect, it doesn't demand any more. Its primary control system, for example, consists of nine commands: eight directions and one fire- button. Would Zool benefit by running from a hard drive? Would it benefit
from an accelerator? How could it be improved if the disc was compact and not floppy? It would, if anything, be hampered by such changes.
If this style of game is allowed to dominate the Amiga in 1993, then the machine will WW ossify and die, like the Spectrum, the CPC, VIC-20. Oric Atmos and Dragon 32s of the past, and the way that the inflexible console platforms will surely perish in the future.
The Amiga has a real chance at becoming the first home computer to evolve its way out of this creeping technical obsolescence. It has the potential to become a massively popular CD-driven machine. This medium surely has to be the way of the future, but it will only happen if the industry7 that has grown rich from publishing Amiga games supports it.
They must take the plunge and look beyond the end of the next financial year; seek to make trends, not follow them.
ANNUAL 1993 Some companies, such as LucasArts, have enough courage to commit themselves, adapting old games to work with new systems.
LucasArts' purpose, though, is not a quick buck for a re-hashed game, but to see what improvements it can make within an existing gaming environment. The reward is to gain a knowledge of CD technology that should ensure its own games make the most of the A570 and friends.
We should celebrate Zool for what it is, a fine game, and because it beats the Sonics and Marios, of this world. Zool has reached the summit of current Amiga technology. But both software publishers and purchasers now have a duty to explore the new horizons visible from this lofty perch. The narrow-minded will be happy to sit and admire the view; the cowardly will run down the mountainside to climb the console range. The brave, though, will welcome new technologies and attempt to scale new heights. And if you think the view’s good from where we are now, imagine what it will be like when the
brave reach the summit.
Gary Whiteley casts an experienced eye over the Amiga graphics scene and sees a picture of health, provided the Amiga's new chip set lives up to its promise... FALLING PRICES AND major innovations in both soft and hardware seem to have been the flavour of the last 12 months for the Amisa graphics enthusiast. Despite the recession, we’ve seen plenty of new and exciting kit coming out and. Perhaps because of the recession. Prices have come a-tumbling down.
Interestingly, users in the UK have borne witness to an abundance of high-end graphics cards hitting the marketplace - the thrilling DCTV, with its paint software, digitiser and animation playback capabilities, and French company Archos’ budget A Video 12 and 24 cards. A very promising development when you remember that Avideo24 includes a version of the previously mega-priced, but rather good. TVPciint.
The gorgeous, if slightly unfinished- looking, Marilyn graced the cover of Amiga Format 35 - an issue dedicated to getting those artistic juices flowing. And if Gary's observations on the future of Amiga graphics are anything to go by, next year looks particularly juicy.
In June Progressive Peripherals wowed the Amiga Shopper Show crowd with the Rambrant graphics card, but a devastating fire at the company's headquarters in Colorado meant that production was seriously delayed.
GYP announced both the EGS (Enhanced Graphics) and ADDI systems, though they too were more paperware than reality and. While the Impact Vision 24 shipped in quantity, it was let down by a poor-quality software bundle. In the last quarter of the year, the much vaunted OpalVision hit the streets and those of us fortunate enough to be able to play with one were immediately smitten. So a good year for graphics cards, at least.
SO O UJ On the software side. Electronic Arts made improvements to its evergreen Deluxe Pciint IV program, though DC7V Paint was an early contender for becoming best-featured paint program of the year, even though it needs DCTV hardware to run. ASDG and BlackBelt both unleashed bigger and better image processing and manipulation programs. We saw' new versions of Impulse's Imagine and Activa's Real 3D. As well as several collections of textures (both bitmapped and algorithmic) for surface mapping onto 3D objects. One of the highlights was when US firm Scala finally got its long-aw'aited
MM200 multimedia package out of the door. Another was when Opal Paint (the OpalVision paint program) effectively closed down DCTV Paint's challenge for top paint banana.
With KickStart Workbench 2.04 upgrades finally becoming available in big numbers, the conversion and release of loads of public domain Adobe fonts in an Amiga-accessible Compugraphic format meant that Amiga users now have affordable access to a huee ranse of typefaces. The best thing is that any program that can use Outline fonts will be able to use “ Brilliance, Digital Creation's standalone version of DCTV Paint, promises to be a real blockbuster in 1993, especially as it will support the new AGA graphics modes99 Ben Vost, technical manager, MicroPACE UK any of these PD fonts - once
they’ve been converted with WB2’s Fountain program.
Not everyone wants (or is able) to produce graphics from scratch, so there are times when a helping hand is welcomed. Grabbing a video still or scanning in a photograph are quick and easy ways of making a good impression.
For price and quality, the best digitiser I’ve seen this year has to be MacroSystem's Vlab.
JCL pitched in with a new ColorPic, while a new Rombo digitiser is imminent. I'm also very impressed with a German digitiser, Klaus Tute's DiaiTiaer. Which is the fastest slow- scan (not real-time) digitiser I’ve seen.
A more esoteric phenomenon is the widespread introduction of JPEG compression routines which make it possible to store an image at a fraction of its uncompressed size with minimal losses after decompression. The routines, dreamt up by the Joint Picture Expert Group, offer typical space savings of as much as 80 per cent. BlackBelt claimed to be the first to include JPEG in its ImageMaster software. But the technique has since become a 'must-have' in many graphics products.
The one thing we'd all like is a packed-to-the- gills. Fully supercharged, mega-fast Amiga for £50. I think I can safely predict that this won’t happen in 1993. Though you may like to see Damien's predictions on this score on page 28.
What does look likely is that the advent of the new double-A chip set-based Amigas will attract serious attention from graphics and desktop video users - professionals and enthu- SOFT OPTIONS - THE BEST OF '92 DELUXE PAINT IV IMAGINE 2.0 ELECTRONIC ARTS £89.99 IMPULSE ALTERNATIVE IMAGE £269 DCTV PAINT REAL 3D DIGITAL CREATIONS £499 with DCTV ACTTVA INTERNATIONAL 91 no O O s siasts alike - which can onlv be a good thing.
With its new HAMS mode (for 256.000 onscreen colours), improved screen resolutions and animation support, many of the ingredients for the future of Amiga graphics are already in place and. If there is a fair Dollar to Pound price translation, then prospective Mac and PC users may just be tempted.
The fact that Commodore now seems to be opening up to criticism and is also becoming more vocal in its press announcements seems to bode well for the Amiga in general, and graphics in particular. But this is not the entire story... The computer is only part of the larger graphics equation. The most popular Amigas (the 500s and 600s) and the larger 1500 2000 machines may all require various expansions - to add more RAM. Bigger storage devices.
SCSI scanners, faster processors, graphics display devices - and. Of course, excellent software. This is where the future of the Amiga has so often been secured in the past, and it will continue to be so in the foreseeable future. Without the likes of GVP. ASDG.
Electronic Arts. Scala, BlackBelt, Digital Continued overleaf Harking back to late September last year, we’ve that sterling paint program Deluxe Paint IV. Unless you’ve just been released from cryogenic suspension, there’s nothing new to tell you, so I’ll just say that it is the latest in a line of popular paint and 2D animation programs - if you flick to page 133 you’ll see what the Amiga Format team and all you readers think of it.
We also have to mention DCTV Paint, as supplied with Digital Creation’s DCTV display hardware.
Although it can only be bought with DCTV it really is an excellent program, providing a treasure trove of functions which remain unsurpassed (except by the true 24-bit paint programs).
Speaking of 24-bit, my money (if I had enough of it) would go on OpalPaint, the software bundled with Opal Technology’s OpalVision card. It has a lot of innovative features - a range of artist’s tools, paper types, multiple screens, fast response, thumbnails, backdrops for Amiga graphics and so on. It should prove extremely popular. As a top-end graphics product OpalVision has a lot of potential, but being so new it remains to be seen how it will be supported by both developers and the graphics fraternity.
REVERSER PARCSOFT ALTERNATIVE IMAGE £10 A little lifesaver for animators who have to pass large sequences of image files back and forth between different programs. There isn’t a standard file name format for adding numbers to the end of each frame of a sequence, so Reverser can re-name a batch of related files in one go - which is a lot better than the old ‘re-name one-at-a-time CLIISIDIDirectory Opus’ method. Current file types includes Dpaint, Video Toaster, Imagine, Real 3D, Caligari, VideoScape, 3D Professional, Draw 4D, Sculpt and Vista numbering systems. Consider Reverser next time
you’ve got 300 Imagine frames that need renumbering into Dpaint.
The choice of 3D modelling software is quite a personal thing, even though it is swayed by both cost and features. My favourite is Impulse’s Imagine 2, though others swear by Activa’s Real 3D (latest version is
1. 4.2). Both can produce excellent ray-traced results, either in
24-bit or other Amiga and proprietary formats.
Imagine has loads of good features - extensive modelling functions, build cycling objects, manipulate textures and surfaces, make fog, make objects as light sources and animate the results either as series of still images or compiled into Amiga-playable animations.
But it is tricky to get to grips with and can be quirky.
I find Real 3D a little too ‘simplistic’ - which is probably why it finds favour with so many 3D users.
Certainly, Real 3D makes such things as image mapping extremely easy in comparison with Imagine, and there’s no doubt that it can produce absolutely stunning results, but it’s just not my cup of tea.
Another close-run thing. ASDG’s Art Department was the leader, and it was subsequently upgraded to Art Department Pro. Then, shortly after, BlackBelt’s ImageMaster came into contention. While both programs can perform a wide range of image processing functions, there are enough important differences between them to justify buying both.
One big draw of ImageMaster is its morphing function, which can transform one image into another over a range of frames. Of the two, ADPro is the easiest to use, though it eats memory. ImageMaster needs lots of memory too - 4Mb is the sensible minimum.
ART DEPARTMENT PROFESSIONAL 2 ASDG HB MARKETING £211.50 liyiAGERIASTER BLACK BELT ACS £1 TS Creations, and all the other manufacturers and developers too numerous to name, the Amiga would probably have fizzled out long ago.
By providing the marvellous add-ons and clever software that keep so many of us enthralled with the Amiga, despite the machine's many frustrating eccentricities, it is the third-party manufacturers that have contributed enormously to its success. I see little reason for this to change as long as the Amiga itself evolves to meet the needs of its public - whether the introduction of the A600 and A4000 are appropriate to those needs, only- time will tell.
The next 12 months will likely continue at the same frantic pace as the last. One promising development is the imminent release of Brilliance, a stand-alone paint program from the maker of DCTV, which promises full double-A chip support for almost photorealistic graphics. I wonder if there will be a Deluxe Paint Vas well.
We should also see the full release of the Opal Vision expansions (more of which in the Video section on page 94), an external version of OpalVision for the A500 and. No doubt, lots more newer, cheaper, bigger, better graphics cards and software. With the ongoing developments of faster processors and memory chips we'll continue to see many aspects of high-end graphics production systems becoming available on the Amiga.
Applications such as image morphing (for those Terminator 2-style effects) are becoming almost commonplace, what with BlackBelt's ImageMaster. ASDG's Morph Plus and GVP's new CineMorph products all promising 'professional quality*.
Integration of hardware and software will doubtless continue, with one party's hardware offering support for another's software. If the much-touted but still very- theoretical SAGE (Standard Amiga Graphics Extension) concept
* Image morphing is not just a fad, but one of a number of
serious video graphics applications which are being brought to
the Amiga. I think it will become a classic graphics
technique99 Martin Lowe, Amiga Centre Scotland takes off, then
a standard might emerge based around the tricksy TI34020
graphics chip, and that could go on to great things.
GVP will no doubt continue to build what are effectively sub-chassis expansion devices on which more GVP products will hang - a prime example being the EGS card which will require a GVP Combo accelerator card. For 3D buffs there are a few more treats in store.
A new, third version of Impulse's very popular Imagine program is due out any day. And there will be a bunch of nice new features on board.
1993 will also see the release of Activa's Reality- software which, by all accounts, will be a vast improvement on the popular Real 3D program - though reputedly with a price tag to match. The word is that Reality will burn holes in the opposition, but how many times have you heard that?
Perhaps we'll see NewTek's Lighnvave separated from the Video Toaster as well. But what would be reallv great would be the intro- J w duction of an affordable 3D digitiser to make object modelling that much easier.
Graphics will continue to improve on the Amiga when a DSP (Digital Signal Processor) chip is incorporated. The advantage of such a chip is that it comes with built-in libraries for graphics, sound, modem and other applications and works in parallel with the Amiga's own processor so there is no slowing of operations.
By writing software that calls these libraries directly, graphics and 3D applications. As well as many others, could benefit from huge speed increases and productivity would be immensely improved. Unfortunately, it may be some time (if ever) before such DSP chips will be available for retro-fitting' to older Amigas.
There is also talk of re-targetable graphics becoming a standard feature in a future version SOLID VALUE - THE HARDEST WARE OF '92 92 FLICKER FREE VIDEO 2 OPALVISION OPAL TECHIMOLOGY ZCL £762.58 ICD SILICA £229.95 o SO u ICD is renowned for its amazing hardware gadgetry, for the simple reason that it does something no other company does - it specialises in miniature extras that will fit inside an A500 and yet are still of the finest quality. ICD can do you a 120Mb hard drive and 8Mb of RAM, all kept neatly within the confines of an A500’s case.
Which means that ICD can do something for the graphics enthusiast that no-one else can do - fit you up with a flicker fixer!
As any graphics fan would know, if you want to work in detail you have to work in high resolution and that means switching to Interlace mode.
Interlace is also absolutely vital for video work. But it’s such a pain in the eyes! It flickers like mad, which is no way to work.
This is the perfect way to solve Interlace flicker and now comes with various enhancements, including the capacity to have an ‘off’ switch fitted for use with normal resolutions. It’s just the job!
OpalPaint, bundled with the OpalVision board offers much for the 24-bit-bashing buff.
From all the pre-release gossip I heard, I suspected the 24-bit OpalVision card was going to turn out to be more hype than hip. Well, I’m glad that I was proved wrong; I was fair knocked out by both the quality and depth of the paint and display features of the Mother Board - the first (and main) part of the OpalVision suite. OK, it needs a pretty well-stuffed Amiga to get the best out of it - like at least 1 Mb Chip RAM, and maybe 4Mb (or more) FAST RAM. A hard disk is obligatory too, if you want to store the massive files that 24-bit images produce.
With loads of painting tools, image processing techniques, plenty of neat tricks up its sleeve and a few rough edges, OpalPaint will certainly keep the fires burning in the 24-bit hearths for a good while.
Expect to see an external version for A500 A600 owners in the near future, and lots of developer support. US firm Scala is already working on an MM200 EX to tie-in with OpalVision, so great things could be in store for the future.
EPSON 6T-6000 EPSON HB MARKETING £1,175 The high end of scanning is covered by two items: the small Sharp JX-100 and the Epson GT-6000. One problem: the Sharp, although good and cheaper than any other sort of flatbed colour scanner, is not just last year’s model, but the previous year’s.
The GT-6000 is an expensive alternative, but if you really need scans to 24-bit quality you’re in a very expensive line of business anyway, namely the professional colour DTP market.
The Epson is not new to the field of scanning, but the hot thing is that ASDG, the champion of 24- bit Amiga scanning, has generated a driver for this high-quality chunk of gear in the form of a bolt-on for their Art Department Professional software. A standalone version is included with the scanner to get you going, but it lacks all the other functions of ADPro.
This software really makes the GT-6000 sing along, although be warned that you can’t run it on a base-level Amiga because the file sizes of A4 24-bit images demand serious memory.
Of AmigaDOS (Workbench 4. Perhaps!) Which would mean that software and hardware that conform to DOS requirements will be able to display and or manipulate each other's graphic outputs - for instance, a 3D rendering program could output a 24-bit image to any display device capable of displaying that image.
COMPANY CONTACTS But all that is way off in the distant future, which is why another standard, called GRAFEXA. Has been proposed by Index Information Systems. The idea is to produce a system of integration which can be adopted by present hardware and software manufacturers and will lead to compatibility between graphics products which include the GRAFEXA library and low-level hardware interface. The * advantage of such a system is that the plethora of currently non-communicating graphics hardware and software will become integrated into a much more accessible environment, giving buyers
more confidence in new products.
GRAFEXA can operate without a TI34020 graphics chip (unlike SAGE), though it will probably be faster if one is present.
Amiga graphics and video production will continue to become increasingly entwined.
Multimedia and CD developments will continue to blur the boundaries between previously distinct media - blending DTP.
Photography, video, graphics and animation into new forms. It could be hard to keep track of all the possibilities, unless you keep your eye on future issues of Amiga Format. O ACTIVA INTERNATIONAL PO Box 23260,1100 DT Amsterdam, Netherlands
* 010-31 2069 11914 ALTERNATIVE IMAGE 6 Lothair Road, Leicester
LE2 7QB W 0533 440041 AMIGA CENTRE SCOTLAND Harlequin House,
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ARCHOS via CHECKMATE DIGITAL Unit 11, The Enterprise Centre,
Cranborne Road, Potters Bar, Herts, EN6 3DQ
* 0707 660992 ASDG 925 Stewart Street, Madison, Wl 53713 USA «
0101-608 273 6585 BLACK BELT SYSTEMS 398 Johnson Rd, RR-1 Box
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W 0895 72621 DIGITAL CREATIONS 2865 Sunrise Boulevard, Suite
103 Rancho Cordova, California 95742 USA « 0101-916 344 4825
ELECTRONIC ARTS 90 Heron Drive, Langley, Berks SL3 8XP
* 0753 549442 GVP (GREAT VALLEY PRODUCTS) 600 Clark Avenue, King
of Prussia, ] Pennsylvania PA 19406 USA ® 0101-215 337 8770 HB
MARKETING Unit 3, Poyle 14, Newlands Drive, Colnbrook, Slough
SL3 0DX « 0753 686000 IMPULSE 8416 Xerxes Ave North, Brooklyn
Park, MN 55444 USA « 0101 612 425 0557 JCL 71 St John's Road,
Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN4 9TT tr 0892 510845 NEWTEK 215 SE, 8th
Street, Topeka, Kansas 66603 « 0101-913 354 1146 POWER
COMPUTING Unit 8, Railton Road, Woburn Road Industrial Estate,
Kempston, Bedford, MK42 7PN
* 0234 843388 PROGRESSIVE PERIPHERALS 938 Quail Street, Lakewood,
Colorado CO 80215 USA « 0101-303-238 5555 ROMBO Baird Road,
Livingston, Scotland EH54 7AZ
* 0506 466601 SCALA 12110 Sunset Hills Rd, Ste 100, Reston
VA22090, USA
* 0101-703 709 8043 SILICA 1-4 The Mews, Hatherley Road, Sidcup,
Kent DA14 4DX » 081-309 1111 ZCL via CALCULUS Telephone for
details of local supplier
* 0543 251275 93 EPSON EPL-4000 £435 EPSON POWER COMPUTING £639
POWERSCAN PRO 2 CITIZEN 240C POWER COMPUTING £99 CITIZEN ANNUAL
1993 The PowerScan is a powerful hand scanner which takes full
advantage of the facilities of the Amiga, including the new
screen resolutions of Workbench
2. The scans obtained can be black and white or, better yet, full
greyscale images reproduced as dithered 16-shade IFF ILBM
bitmaps. These are so much better-looking on the page than
those silly two-colour dithery things we’re used to from hand
scanners. Most scanners these days feature some kind of grey
scale effect, it’s true, but the PowerScan offers the best.
The difference is in the software. Once an image has been scanned in, in a dithered format, it is rescanned by the software and each area of dots is translated into a shade of grey corresponding to its apparent shade on the screen. The only thing that comes close to the PowerScan software is Touch-Up by Migraph which comes with, among other things, the Naksha hand scanner. The Power software is excellent and its resemblance to Dpaint helps!
The Citizen 240C offers exceptional colour clarity and excellent mono output to boot.
Colour dot matrix printers have always been a bit of a let-down. The blurry images you get from them often fail to do justice to the original artwork. And when the colours bleed, you’ve got a mess on your hands. But things might be changing for the better.
The Citizen 240C (which is ousting the old Swift range of 9- and 24-pin printers in the colour stakes) gives great results, especially when using the special Citizen Print Manager software. This enables you to print colour images of very high clarity, not the muddy and blurry images you expect, and with reduced amounts of banding.
Aside from being an excellent colour printer, the 240C is also very good at black-and-white output, complete with eight NLQ and two scalable fonts - the first time such technology has been used in a printer of this kind. A new driver is required for the new functions of the printer before it can be used with the Amiga, although users of such programs as Protext will be able to configure their own drivers.
This is a great HP LaserJet clone and, although it is happiest in this mode, it also emulates both Epson X and IBM Proprinters (like just about every other printer on the planet.) This is the top end, the ‘jet set’. Gone are the low-definition days of your dot matrix and lowly inkjet. Now you have high definition dots and superb crisp fonts - though you only get two on the printer when you buy it, and if you add PostScript you will need to add quite a few more fonts to bring it up to the standard Postscript 35.
By plugging in a PostScript cartridge you can upgrade the machine to full PostScript spec, although you’ll have to add more memory too.
PostScript printers are more like computers in their own right, and printing complex graphics can require large amounts of printer memory. An alternative would be Adrian Aylward’s Post program because it is happier with LaserJets than almost any other type of printer, but you still need a pile of memory to make it work successfully.
VIDEO IF THERE IS anything which characterises 1992 and Amiga video it must be the abun- dance of rumours which surfaced during the year, some of which spread far and wide.
Some said that the Amiga was dead. Others that there were several secret Amigas in the pipeline. There were continual stories speculat- in2 that a PAL Video Toaster was about to be released. And there was even a rumour that Elvis was alive and running Commodore - oops, wrong publication! Of course not all of these stories have proved true - yet! - but Amiga video goes from strength to strength.
Amateur and professional video users are turning to the Amiga as a cheap and powerful alternative. Gary Whiteley on 1992's releases and what ! 993 promises.
Lights, video, act The demarcation between video and graphics on the Amiga became far more blurred over the past year. Hardware which would previously have been regarded as pure video equipment, such as vision mixers, chroma keyers, time base correctors and digital video effects generators have all been produced in forms which integrate with, or even install inside, the Amiga. It's now possible to equip an Amiga with enough hardware and software to make it a full-spec, broadcast- quality graphics and animation station - though real-time, full broadcast quality digital video effects are still
some way off.
ZVP's VideoStudio 3 and Zen's Prompter teleprompting software.
We've seen JPEG compression available as software for some time now. And it has just begun to appear in hardware form in the United States, where Digital Micronics has recently released its EditMaster system. JPEG is a compression format which can be used to drastically reduce the size of image files, while sacrificing relatively little in the way of detail.
* The Amiga has continued to be used in television and film - its
credits include Minder, Taggart, Running Late and Lloyds Bank
commercials as well as Gamesmaster and Catchword 99 The
advantage of using JPEG hardware is that extremely fast
compression (and decompression) can be performed - much
faster than using software and effectively in real time when
the right hardware is used - which means that fully fledged
offline editing sys- terns could appear on the Amiga which will
rival those already available on Mac, PC and other platforms.
Initial prices will be relatively high (EditMaster is around
S2.500). as the technology is still expensive, and high-speed.
It's not only professional video producers who have been well catered for. Only a fool would overlook such a lucrative market, and there were a number of new products that were aimed specifically at the semi-professional, amateur or home-video enthusiast, including the first budget chroma keyer - RocTec's RocKey - as well as continuing support for well-established products.
Products like Digital Creation's DCTV, GVP’s Impact Vision 24, Archos' Avideo24.
Progressive Peripherals’ Video Blender and Rambrant devices, Opal Technology’s OpalVision and, of course, NewTek’s Video Toaster all kept the interest in Amiga video bubbling strongly, while earlier hardware such as the Harlequin card was improved and supported further.
Video being a somewhat specialised area, there certainly wasn't an overabundance of video production software launched in 1992.
Though there were some excellent releases, across a range of applications. Probably the most important new software was Scala's MM200, a multimedia package aimed at high- quality, professional desk top video productions. Other notable releases were high-cost, mass storage devices are required to save the vast amount of data generated.
However, the time savings when grabbing W W frame by frame from- video can be enormous, turning hours into minutes, so EditMaster is likely to become popular with CDTV producers who need to transfer video to CD.
The Amiga throughout 1992 has contin- ued to be used in many television, film and video productions during 1992. Its TV credits include Minder, Taggart, Running Late.
Lloyds Bank commercials and many more.
Many video companies are realising the benefits of using Amigas for pop videos, titling, animation and lots more. One example of the Amiga's success has been the Dr Devious VR Dance In Cyberspace video, which has sold around 10.000 tapes. Real Time Graphics produced Amiga graphics for another series of GamesMcister while BBC 2's CatehWord used Amigas to generate sound and animated graphics.
The continuing economic difficulties which are severely affecting the television, video and advertising industries could well be turned in to an advantage for the Amiga if Commodore can persuade producers that they can buy a well-equipped Amiga 3000 or 4000. Put it to good use for titling, graphics and animation and still show a return on their investment.
With several major animation companies (including Disney) and a number of broadcast The RocKey is the first budget chroma keyer for the Amiga. OK, it needs connecting to a genlock, and it’s aimed at the home-video enthusiast, but if it’s VHS you’re working with it might be just what you need.
As well as chroma keying (ie replacing a colour in a video picture with another image) it can do luma keying (keying based on brightness, rather than colour) and some unique effects which are a result of the keyer genlock combination.
If care is taken with the quality of the video signal then reasonable results can be obtained, though they aren’t perfect. If you want to put your actors in another world but haven’t got the budget you could do worse than video them on a blue background and use a RocKey to superimpose them over an animation.
95 ANNUAL 1993 VIDEOSTUDIO 3 ZVP £149 You con get scaled down versions of Scala MM200 in the form of Scala VS113 (Video Studio) and HT100 (Titling).
The original Scala has exploded into a wide-ranging titling and presentation package. It retains the features which made it so popular but it has been markedly improved and expanded into a professional product.
The new Scala EX modules are a series of control programs. Six Exs are provided which can control MIDI equipment, CDTV, LaserDisc players, Canon’s ION and VideoComp’s DVE-10 genlock vision mixer, so you can play CD sound while showing a presentation - which can include animations, text and normal graphics - integrate LaserDisc sequences, Canon Ion stills and control a genlock for wiping and placing graphics over video. If you want professional presentation, get an Amiga and Scala MM200. Just make sure that you also get a hard drive and at least 3Mb of memory.
Production companies regularly using Amigas there should be no excuse (excepting ignorance) for not taking them seriously.
Now that JPEG hardware has appeared, how long before MPEG (motion picture, as opposed to JPEG's still-image format) compression and decompression systems become commercially viable at the Amiga level? Chips are being produced right now, but until the costs drop substantially we won’t see full motion video (FMV) on either CDTV or its rival. CD-i. Expect MPEG to be fitted to Amigas within two years, at the outside.
However, we should see the introduction of the Advanced Video Mode (AVM) card for CDTV rather sooner. Based on DCTV, though without its digitising capability, this slot-in card should go a long way to providing more realistic video replay for CDTV, something which I think is sorely lacking at the moment.
The bad news is that it won't be selling for the £50 which was being rumoured by some, though producer Digital Creations may well bundle the DCT l Paint program with it.
It's worth speculating at this point that since a new generation of CDTV machines will undoubtedly contain the AGA chip set there was probably no need for Commodore itself to continue to actively pursue AVM - but at least current CDTV owners will be able to improve their output, even if AVM doesn’t get too much support from third parties.
As I mentioned at the start of the article, rumours of a PAL Video Toaster have been rife. In the US this is one product which helps to keep the Amiga afloat, though NewTek has always been a bit shy of speaking about PAL developments beyond general, and inconclusive, mutterings. But I did hear that Tim Jenison, NewTek supremo and one of the Toaster’s creators, mentioned at the recent World Of Amiga show in Pasadena that they were preparing PAL chips for the Toaster, but that it 'wouldn't be ready for “another 18 months”. At least they're consistent - it's always 18 months away!
The trouble for NewTek may well be that it is going to be too late hitting the PAL market. If the OpalVision lives up to its promise of providing the Roaster chip, genlock and framegrabber modules then I would think that unless the PAL Toaster is really something special (and ready for a fairly sharpish release) it will almost certainly miss the boat. I’m also somewhat surprised that we’ve seen no contenders from the UK or Germany either, though I reckon that OpalVision is just a taste of things to come.
For those who don’t yet know, the expansion modules for OpalVision are intended to provide plug-in hardware which will do real time video effects, frame grabbing, genlocking of both S-Video and composite video signals, flips, tumbles, wipes and the like, as well as adding deinterlacing to produce flickerless video output on multisync monitors.
In fact, with the current advances in integrated circuits which enable them to perform video functions previously done by much larger devices, we should see expansion Continued overleaf VIDEO HARDWARE 1 992 ROCKEY DIGITAL CREATIONS ROCTEC ELECTRONICS SILICA £499 HB MARKETING £299 ZVP's VideoStudio 3 features high-resolution titling, graphics, wipes test patterns, clocks and loads of sperial effects.
ZVP launched a new version oiVideoStudio aimed at the lower end of the video production market - it's advertised directly at video enthusiasts via video magazines, rather than at Amiga owners. Though not a blockbuster, it’s the only new commercial titling package released this year, which is how it gets to be here.
While VideoStudio3 packs a lot of features, and runs OK, there are a lot of rough edges in it. I was told that this is because compromises had to be made to accommodate low-memory machines, so who am I to argue. But with tons of test patterns, quick text entry, a few nice fonts, lots of special effects and basic wipe patterns, VT3 is probably all that many video makers require. It’s quirky, but it gets the job done - in its own unique way.
DCTV can display graphics and animations in several million colours by using special image formats. These images can be displayed by any Amiga software which can show IFF images so long as the DCTV is connected. Because the files are small, compared to IFF24 files, they load quickly and require less storage space.
Included with DCTV is a great paint program and a digitising facility which can capture a still video image in a matter of seconds. Images can also be saved in 24- bit or JPEG formats for storage or transfer to other software. Sadly, despite its unique functions, DCTV falls down slightly with its video output - which is a slightly out-of-spec composite signal. But weighed against the price and facilities offered, DCTV is great for low-budget, high-class graphics and animations.
VIDEO SOFTWARE 1992 SCALA via SILICA information VideoStudio loaded screencentre set realtime clock titling-only vs2 VS autostart WB start devices which will be revolutionary even by present standards. We’re already seeing the Sony digital video chips being incorporated into frame grabbers, and the Texas 34020 graphics chips have been around for some time now and are being used in high-end graphics cards. So how long will it be before one card contains all the vision mixing, time base correction. Graphics display, video processing, standards conversion and auxiliary features needed to drive
a fully digital video studio on the desktop?
Speaking of high-end applications. GVP will soon be launching a professional graphics-and- video manipulation system which appears to be a Quantel Harry-tvpe set up. It will be based around an accelerated Amiga (50MHz 68030 with 16Mb 32-bit RAM), 420Mb hard drive and 1 Gigabyte removable optical drive.
Impact Vision 24, video device controller and software which includes functions for compositing, filtering, matte generation and rotoscoping. It won't do real-time effects, instead the effects are based on manipulating an image frame by frame after it has been grabbed from its source and then saving it on to video tape again, but even so. When compared to the cost of a Harry system (they can cost in excess of £250.000), ADDI’s approximate cost of a mere £12.000 doesn't seem too bad by comparison. It's simply a case of less money, more time.
AMIGA FORMAT mm ANNUAL 1993 At the time of writing Progressive Peripheral's Rambrant card still hasn't arrived on the market, likewise its Video Blender.
Although a small number of Blenders were on sale at the Amiga Shopper Show, they seem to be in short supply - which is curious judging by the excellent comments that have been made about it. Hopefully we can expect to see both products sooner, rather than later.
Another promising video graphics product which has been in the pipeline for some time is G2 Systems' Image Engine card, which will carry the same TI34020 graphics chip as the Rambrant and other top-price cards. Details are scarce at the moment, but testing is almost complete and production should start soon.
Expect to see a product which will have 24-bit graphics with up to 1.024x1.024 pixels, composite RGB and Y C video connections, on-board frame grabbing, fully fledged graphics capabilities, video keying and a load of other features. Then start saving up, because, like the Rambrant. This British baby won't be cheap. But it will be professional - and that's important because Amigas are still too widely regarded as just games machines, despite the
* As the major television companies increasingly turn to
corporate and business programming to bolster their revenues,
we'll doubtless see the Amiga being used for cost-effective,
quality video applications ** Barry Thurston, Scala UK best
efforts of many of us to persuade the right people otherwise.
Further exciting announcements are expected from Scala, who will be releasing a wide range of new EX modules for its Scala MM product. This will enable Scala to control a wide range of video decks, including the Panasonic Mil broadcast decks (though oddly COMPANY ALTERNATIVE IMAGE 6 Lothair Road, Leicester LE2 7QB 0533 440041 CENTAUR SOFTWARE (OPAL TECH) PO Box 4400, Redondo, California 90278.
® 0101-310-542-2226 DIGITAL CREATIONS 2865 Sunrize Boulevard 103 Rancho Cordova, CA 95742. 0101916-344-4825 DIGITAL MICRONICS 5674-P El Camino Real Carlsbad, CA 95742 ® 0101-916-344-4825 GVP 600 Clark Avenue, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, PA 19406.
0101-215-337-8770 G2 SYSTEMS 5 Mead Lane, Farnham Surrey GU9 7D ® 0252 737151 HB MARKETING Unit 13, Poyle 14 Colnbrook Slough, Sony VTRs aren't included in immediate plans). Impact Vision 24, OpalVision and Harlequin graphics cards, several genlocks including the Magni and G2's VideoCentres.
Video Toaster and Vlan Exs are also planned, as is one to interface with the Phantom SMPTE time code unit. With all these Exs forthcoming. I wouldn't be surprised if we soon saw a full-blown video edit controller either built into Scala. Or at least released to compliment it. It seems like an obvious step once it has become possible to control such a range of multimedia devices.
There's also a new version of Alternative Image's popular Big Alternative Scroller budget titling software in production. Early accounts of it sound interesting, to say the least, with many more features the the original BAS offered - which I'd expect, since the original is getting on for two years old.
What advantages will the new Double-A chips bring for video users? Better resolutions, more colours and higher frequencies for less flicker, that's what. With the new HAM8 mode 256.000 colours will be available simultaneously from a palette of 16.8 million in a range of screen sizes including 1024x512 and 800x600 among others - which will obviously produce superb, almost photo-realistic, quality.
With the appropriate hardware it will be possible to animate such images as well. Expect to see new software which takes advantage of the new modes as a matter of course.
Looking slightly further into the future we should expect to see even better resolution and full 24-bit support becoming available as the chip set is developed further, so maybe we'll see a 24-bit version of Deluxe Paint appearing on the scene. While all this is obviously good news, the down side is that there appears to be no way to upgrade current. Non-AGA machines to work with the new chips.
It seems that the Amiga has begun to move forward at a rapid pace once more.
Commodore seems to be committed to innovation and technical breakthroughs, which should give rise to machines that will be invaluable to the video (and graphics) communities. But we've been here before. It's time to back up the talk and deliver the product.
CONTACTS SL30DY ® 0753 686000 PROGRESSIVE PERIPHERALS 938 Quail Street Lakewood, Colorado CO 80215 ® 0101-303-238-5555 NEWTEK 215 SE, 8th St, Topeka, Kansas 66603.
® 0101-913-354-1146 ROCTEC 9 F Win Win Building, 18 Lee Chung Street, Chai Wan, Hong Kong.
® 0101-852-897-3869 SCALA 12110 Sunset Hills Road STE 100 Reston Virginia 22090. * 0101-703-709-8043 ZCL Ringway Estate, Eastern Avenue, Lichfield Staffs WS13 7SF.
® 0543 251275 ZVP 11 Danacre Laindon, Basildon Essex SS15 5PT ® 0268 411719 LASER Ricoh UK Ltd is part of the worldwide Ricoh Group of companies, originally established in Japan, in 1936. With a turnover of over $ 5 billion and 37,000 employees, Ricoh have been producing computers and peripherals since 1971 and are the world’s second largest manufacturer of Laser Printer engines. Ricoh have employed their expertise to produce a ‘first’ in laser printers for the world market, the LP1200 with FLASH ROM.
Fully HP LaserJet ™ compatible, the new LP1200 employs industry proven laser technology. Unlike LED page printers, which use light emitting diodes, the LP1200’s laser lightsource, focussed by high quality lenses, is able to produce the most accurate and intense printed images. It has 2Mb of RAM built-in and requires no additional RAM to print a full A4 page of graphics at 300dpi. Its fast, efficient processor and engine, together with a straight paper path design, allows printing at a full 6 pages per minute. Unlike its competitors, this advanced 0 laser engine enables the LP1200 to address
a range of print resolutions up Bf to 400dpi. A special driver, combined with the 2m RAM upgrade, enables M i the Ricoh LP1200 to print at 400dpi from Windows 3. M3 , £ Again, unlike the competition, the LP1200 includes a powerful M0 document description language as standard. This language, ‘LAYOUT’, offers unique opportunities to develop custom-made mjf rifm printing systems. Forms and document templates can be designed MB' and stored electronically in the LP1200’s FLASH ROM, MM 5*0 alleviating the need forpre-printed forms! Wf FULLY HP LASERJET III™ COMPATIBLE Mb RAM FLASH ROM UPGRADEABLE!
I SHOWN WITH UNIVERSAL FEEDER TOP TRAY (OPTIONAL EXTRA) The Ricoh LP1200 is a genuine laser printer and not an LED printer. Make sure you check out the competition!
See how the Ricoh LP1200 compares to its Laser Printer Competitors (“PS0N EPL4100 FEATURES Average Street Price (excl. VAT) (-expected) Official RRP (excl. VAT) Maximum resolution in dots per inch Windows 3 Driver @ 400 dpi PCL 5 Printer Command Language HP-GL 2 Vector Graphics included Resolution Improvement Enhancement Standard RAM Full A4 300 dpi graphics with standard RAM Warm Up Time First Page of Text Output Document Description Language included Upgradable Firmware Scalable Resident Fonts - in HP LJ III Emulation Resident Bit-Mapped Fonts M’MAN TALLY MT904+ RICOH LP1200 300x300
0. 5Mb AGFA Intellifont Scalable Font Technology Consumables +
Accessories LP1200 WITH SINGLE BIN & 2Mb RAM SILICA PRICE HP
LaserJet III Emulation Included CODE PRODUCT PRICE Exc VAT CAB
7500 Cable for PC ST Amiga .. £8.47 LAA 5238
Universal Feeder (2nd Tray) £100.00 LAA 5262 2Mb RAM
Module £149.00 LAA 5210
Developer Toner Cartridge £65.00 LAA 5225 OPC Cartridge
(Drum) £89.00 LAA 5334 Letter Paper Tray
(100 Sheets) .... £35.00 LAA 5323 Legal Paper Tray (100
Sheets) .... £35.00 LAA 5312 A4 Paper Tray (100 Sheets) £35.00
CALL FOR A FULL PRICE LIST EPSON FX Emulation Included IBM
ProPrinter Emulation Included Standard Tray Capacity
Protective cover on standard tray Min-Max Paper Weight in gsm
60-131 60-157 +VAT= £821.33 Ref: LAS 5200 Able to print on
card (157gsm - Manual Feed) Standby -Noise Level 40dB 35dB
38dB CORPORATE SALES TEAM Tel: 081-308 0888 Fax: 081-308 0608
Printing -Noise Level 50dB 46dB 48dB 'Note: A4 pape- tray
is already included m the £699 price. More A4 trays can be
purchased to feed different coloured stationery.
As quoted by manufacturers - 2 4 92 All Trademarks are acknowledged 2109920900 SILICA SYSTEMS OFFER YOU
• FREE OVERNIGHT DELIVERY: On all hardware orders shipped in the
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Before you decide when to buy your new laser printer, we suggest you think very carefully about WHERE you buy it. Consider what it will be like a few months after you have made your purchase, when you may require additional peripherals or consumables, or help and advice with your new purchase.
And, will the company you buy from contact you with details of new products? At Silica Systems, we ensure that you will have nothing to worry about. We have been established for almost 14 years and, with our unrivalled experience and expertise, we can now claim to meet our customers’ requirements with an understanding which is second to none. But don’t just take our word for it. Complete and return the coupon now for our latest FREE literature and begin to experience the “Silica Systems Service”.
MAIL ORDER: 1-4 The Mews, Hatherley Rd, Sidcup, Kent. DA14 4DX Tel: 081-309 1111 Order Lines Open: Mon-Sat 9.00am-6.00pm_ No Late Night Opening Fax No: 081-308 0608 LONDON SHOP: 52 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1P OBA Tel: 071-580 4000 Opening Hours: Mon-Sat 9.30am-6.00pm_No Late Night Opening_Fax No: 071-323 4737 LONDON SHOP: Selfridges (1st Roor), Oxford Street. London. W1A 1AB Tel: 071-629 1234 Opening Hours: Mon-Fri 9.30am-7.00pm (Sat close 6.30pm) Late Night: Thursday - 8pm Extension: 3914 SIDCUP SHOP: 1-4 The Mews, Hatherley Rd. Sidcup, Kent, DA14 4DX Tel: 081-302 8811 Opening Hours:
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WELL WHAT A year 1992 has been for Amiga DTP. Both the top two programs.
Professional Page from Gold Disk and PageStream from Soft Logik. Have been released in new and improved forms, and true professional-quality DTP is at last a reality on the Amiga. These two have been waging a running battle for vears now.
W j AMIGA FORMAT WM ANNUAL 1993 ProPage was the first program for the Amiga that could even pretend to be even near professional quality. PageSrream followed, bringing with it many innovations that gave ProPage a true run for the money, but our comparative tests always found ProPage to be the better program of the two. This year, however, we were not alone in concluding that the new release of PageStream had finally taken the first place, and with it become the best Amiga DTP package and the easiest to use.
Xhei2ht.
Yet the old adversary ProPage is not to be written off: the new release, version 3. Features a revolutionary new macro system that harnesses the power of the AREXX language packaged with Workbench 2 to enable very easy control of complex DTP functions.
Recognise the illustration? It's from our definitive DTP issue, Amiga Format 34 where not only dichwe tell you all the ins and outs of Amiga DTP, but we reviewed the two top programs and even gave away PageFxeileii on the Coverdisk!
Page lavout is still not the Amiga's strongest field, however. Speed is still against the Amiga, running on an A2000 neither of the two main contenders match the speed of an Apple Macintosh-based DTP system. But the recent drop in price of the A3000 means a DTP is becoming a reality on the Amiga. Marcus Dyson has found plenty of reasons during 1992 to sing its praises, and with some excellent scanners and layout software becoming available for the Amiga you can see why... ProPage 3 was the program that defined serious Amiga DTP and it's still a strong performer.
Workable Amiga DTP system is now an affordable possibility. And price is one area where the Amiga retains a big advantage over competitors, its DTP programs costing around £200 as opposed to £500 on a Mac.
The release of the Amiga 4000 should see a hardware platform capable of competing with other machines on an equal basis in terms of processing power and speed while hopefully retaining the edge on price. What Amiga DTP lacks, though, is quality on-screen representation of scanned images. The hardware and software now exists for full-colour DTP on the Amiga. But once an image is scanned, the current programs only give a poor monochrome on-screen preview of the raster image. Amiga DTP programs tend to run in four or eight colours as well, which is simply not adequate for a good impression of
the finished document to be gained from the screen image. The true future for DTP has to be comprehensive support of 24-bit cards to enable true WYSIWYG screen representations. The technology exists, but the software isn't exploiting it.
Obtaining high-quality images for the Amiga has never been easier, or cheaper. The release of the ASDG driver for the Epson GT- 6000 brought the price of 24-bit colour scanning to affordable levels, the quality is great, and the resolution is a stunning 600 dpi.
This is pro-quality equipment, and no mistake.
Being able to scan images is one thing, turning them into something you can print and use to best effect in your document is another thing altogether. For this you need an image- processing package, so that you can manipulate an image to take it out of the mundane and lift it into the truly dramatic.
Fortunately the software that drives the Epson GT-6000 scanner is an extension of ASDG's Art Department Professional, which appeared this year in a new release, taking image processing on the Amiga to new heights. ADPro was not alone in the image-processing stakes though, and Black Belt Systems (whose PROFESSIONAL DRAW IT S THE PICK OF THE YEAR GOLD DISK £99.99 The area of structured drawing has seen a lively year, with the release of Gold Disk’s old stager Professional Draw in the tasty shape of version number 3 and at the same time strong competition from GeniSoft’s bargain offering Expert
Draw (see 'Pick of the Year', left). The latter has brought all the features we’ve come to expect from ProfessionalDrawto us at a cheaper price.
ProDraw 3 has raised the stakes by bringing us a whole new set of standards by which to judge a structured drawing package. The only drawback of ProDraw, in common with its DTP equivalent ProPage, 'LEUaBBB'* ’«£ Lia«jr AahIc t£UI'‘ ; NvmUr 01 gJB HUB lo-TJ HF 11 is that it requires a hard drive to run.
Masses of RAM just won’t do: you have to have one of the big expensive fellers. If you do own a hard drive then go for ProDraw 3; if not, then you will find that Expert Draw will serve you admirably.
If you're going to do serious DTP on the Amiga, PageStream 2.2. now fractionally pips ProPage 3 at the post. But it's a close thing.
PAGESTREAM 2.2 SOFT LOGIK HB MARKETING £1,175 Prior to this release of PageStream the DTP crown really had to go to ProfessionalPage. But this revision to version 2.1 manages to just pip ProPage at the post. The new software has an attractive and familiar front end, which means new users will find the program less daunting. The interface has a far friendlier feel to it, all the features are accessible through the menus and requester boxes and arcane typographic jargon is avoided in favour of logical terminology.
What makes it the DTP package to go for, though, is its ability to run on a standard Amiga from floppy disks and run comfortably in a 1Mb environment. You also get a quality range of fonts and it is compatible with both Adobe Type One fonts and Agfa Compugraphic typefaces. PageStream also supports a variety of word processing and structured-drawing packages, and text and pictures can be dramatically manipulated once they are in the program. The colour output facilities are powerful because the package is fully PostScript compatible and has Pantone colour specifications. Not only all this,
but PageStream is £50 cheaper than its direct competitor.
Expert Draw has the same features as Professional Draw 2, but it gives you fast structured drawing at a remarkably low price.
EXPERT DRAW COMPANY CONTACTS GEIMISOFT HB MARKETING £69.95 It must be said that Expert Draw is the second-best structured drawing package available on the Amiga. Then why recommend it here? Well, the best structured drawing package is mentioned above - ProfessionalDraw 3 - but unless you have a hard drive (and in Issue 37 our reader survey results revealed that less than 20 per cent of you do) you cannot use that program.
Expert Draw is no disappointment, though: it offers the same features as the previous release of ProDraw but for a lower price.
Its only failing is that it is not directly compatible with Agfa Compugraphic outline fonts. A conversion program is available, and though this costs £30 more, it leaves the price comfortably below that of ProDraw. Expert Draw delivers in all the most important factors: features, presentation and speed of operation.
Excellent pseudo 24-bit system HAM-E disappeared from the market place this year amid rumours of it having been incorporated into the double-A chip set) emerged with ImageMaster
- a new version of the Image Professional software that was
bundled with HAM-E.
It has a confusing interface hiding a powerful package that pushes the power of image manipulation to new levels. Incredible effects can now be applied to an image, either by warping or distorting its shape, or by combining it with another image. ImageMaster is an incredible program, let down only by its small range of file formats and poor front end. Black Belt is currently working on the interface, however, and the next release of Image Master should see it vastly improved.
The interface of ADPro. By contrast, excels, and ASDG is aware of this to the extent that it has now made the libraries to the Art Department's user interface available to developers, so we should see a common look to image processing and manipulation software starting to appear in the next year or so.
Another form of data input making its Amiga debut this year was the AlfaData OCR hand scanner. Optical character recognition software can analyse a scanned file and turn it from a picture into ASCII text characters. This is a boon when entering text into a word processor for use in DTP: instead of all the monotonous typing, all you have to do is run the scanned file through the software, then spell check it in your word processor. The AlfaData scanner is an adequate performer, yet the price is amazingly high: the expense is due entirely to the OCR software which is bundled with it. While
this is no improvement over similar systems on BLACK BELT SYSTEMS 398 Johnson Road, RR-1 Box 4272, Glasgow, MT 59230, USA.
® 0101-406-367-5513 EPSON ® 0800 220546 GENISOFT Unit 3, Poyle 14, Newlands Drive, Colnbrook, Berks SL3 ODX. ® 0753 686000 GOLD DISK Unit 5, 5155 Spectrum Way, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4W 5A1.
® 0101-416-602-4000 other computers, it is accurate enough all the same and is worth a look for users who have to key in a lot of typewritten text.
The other interestina feature of the AlfaData is Merge-It. This package attempts to get round the restrictive scan width of all hand-held scanners by joining the images of two adjacent scan passes. The results are adequate, but if you’re scanning bigger than A5 it's probably best to get a flatbed scanner.
ANNUAL 1993 WPM AMIGA Fi At the other end of the hand scanner price range is the bargain priced PowerScan. This retails for under £100, a feat unprecedented in the Amiga market. But many were surprised when it turned out to be the best hand-held mono scanner we’ve ever seen. It has to be said that though all hand scanners are virtually identical in terms of hardware, it's the software that sorts the men from the boys.
The year ahead looks good for image input.
Not only has the GT-6000 brought superb quality within the Amiga owner’s reach, but other manufacturers are planning to launch Amiga drivers for their hardware. What the Amiga lacks is a good transparency scanner - ASDG and Nikon please take note.
ARTISTIC Times!
TcmlHucI Colombia O Garamond Triumvirate LtrGoth UnivDmn Oriental Saturn The variety of fonts that comes with the package is a strong point of PageStream 2.2. HB MARKETING Unit 3, Poyle 14, Newlands Drive, Colnbrook, Berks SL3 ODY 0753 686000 POWER COMPUTING Unit 8 Railton Road, Woburn Road Estate, Kempston, Bedford, MK427PN.
® 0234 840234 SOFT LOGIK PO BOX 510589, St Louis, MO 63123, USA ® 0101-314-894-8608 ASDG 925 Stewart Street, Madison, Wl 53713 USA 0101-608-273-6585 Software Supreme 139 High Road Loughton Essex IG10 4LT Tel 081-365-0344 (2 lines) Fax 081-365 1650 A Train ..23.49 A320 Airbus 24.49 A10 Tank Killer Enhanced ....21.49 Abandoned Places .17.49 Adams Family .....16.49 Adv. Tennis ..16.49 Agony ..16.49 Air Support .16.49 Air
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Father .18.99
Gods 15.49 Golden
Shot ......16.99 Graham Gooch Cricket 20.99
Graham Taylor ....16.49 Gunship
2000 ....21.99
Goblins 16.99 Guy Spy
.....20.99 Hagar the Horrible
15.99 Hard Drivin
II ......12.99
Harlequin ....16.49 Harpoon I
meg ...18.99 Heart of
China ....24.99
Heimdall ......19.49 Head to
Head ....23.99 Heros
Quest 16.99 Home
Alone ......17.99
Hook 15.99 Hostile
Breed .....17.99
Humans 16.99 Ian Bothams
Cricket 17.99 Indy
Heat ....16.99 Ishar Legend
Fortress ....17.99 I Jones Fate of
Atlantis ..18.99 International Sports Challenge... 16.99
Jaguar XJ220 ......17.49 Jimmy White
Snooker ....15.99 John
Bames 15.99
J. Madden Football 16.49 Jim
Power ...16.99
Kaiser ...16.49 Kick Off
II ....13.49 Kick Off Winning Tactics
7.99 Kid Gloves II 15.49 Kings Quest
IV ....22.99 Kings Quest
V .....23.49
Knightmare ..16.99 Knight of the
Sky 23.49 Last Ninja
III .16.49 Lazer squad
2 ....16.99
Leander ......15.99
Legend .18.49 Larry
1 ..23.99 Larry
2 ..14.99 Larry
3 ..24.99 Larry
5 .23.49
Lemmings ....15.99 Lemmings
2 .15.99 Lemmings Data
Disk 13.49 Lemmings Stand Alone 15.99 Ufe& Death
II .....16.49 Lord of the
Rings 20.49 Lord of the Rising
Sun ...15.99 Lotus Turbo Challenge II 16.49 Lotus
Turbo Challenge III......16.99 Lure of the
Temptress ...19.99 Links
H.D .....23.99
Liverpool .....16.49
M. 1 Tank Platoon ...19.99 Maddog
Williams 20.99 Magic
Pockets ....15.99 Man Utd
Europe .15.99
M. Ditka Ult F Ball 18.49 Megatraveller
2 ..20.99
Megasports .16.99
Megatwins ...16.49 Mercenary
3 20.99 Merchant
Colony 20.99 Microprose
Golf .23.49 Midwinter
2 23.49 Mig 29
Fulcrum ...16.99 Mig 29 Super Fulcrum 19.99
Might & Magic 3 .19.99
Moonfall ......15.99
Moonstone .19.99 Monkey
Island ....15.99 Monkey Island
2 .24.49
Mystical 15.49
Myth .15.99 Meg Lo
Mania .....20.49
Narc ...7.99 Navy
Seals ...15.99 Nebulas
2 ....15.99 Nigel Mansels World Champ
.21.49 Ninja Collection ..13.99 No Greater
Glory ...23.99 Nova
9 .22.99 Omar Shariffs
Bridge ......23.49 Operation
Stealth ..16.49 Outrun
Europa ...16.49
Orbitus .12.99
Ork ..15.99 Pacific
Islands .....18.99 Paperboy
2 .16.49 Parasel
stars 15.99
Pegasus 16.49 PGA Golf Tour
+ .17.99 PGA Course
Disks ...10.99 Pinball
Dreams ....15.99
Pitfighter .....16.49
Plotting 15.49 Populous
2 ..19.49 Predator
2 .....9.99 Prince of
Persia ..15.99 Project
X .....16.49 Push
Over ...15.99 Perfect
General ..19.99
Premier 20.99 Plan 9 Outer
Space 20.99 Player
Manager ...13.99
ProFlight ......29.99 Pools of
Darkness ...18.49
Powermonger ....17.99 Populus Sim
City .20.49 Quest for
Glory ..20.99 Race
Drivin ..11.49 Railroad
Tycoon .22.49 RBI 2
Baseball .....15.99
Realms ..20.49 Red
Baron ...23.49 Red
Zone ....15.99 Rise of the
Dragon ..24.49 Risky
Woods 16.99 Robin
Hood 16.49
Robocod .....15.99 Robocop
2 ..14.99 Robocop
3 ..15.99
Robosports .23.49 BUDGET TITLES
Rodland ......16.49
Rookies 17.49 R Type
2 ......14.99
Rubicon ......16.99 Rugby World
Cup ...15.99 Rules of Engagement 16.99 Savage
Empire ....22.99 Secret of the Silver
Blades....21.99 Sensible Soccer .16.49
Shadowlands .....20.49 Shuttle the
Sim ...28.49 Silent
Service .....21.49 Sim
Ant ......22.99 Sim
Earth .....20.99
Simpsons .....15.99 Sleep
Walker ......15.99 Smash
TV .....15.99 Space
1889 .19.49 Space Ace
2 ......25.49 Space
Gun ..15.99 Space
Crusade ...16.99 Space Quest 1, 2, 3,
4 ..23.99 Special Forces ....22.49
Spirit of Excalibur ...14.99 Starfighter
2 16.99 Steel
Empire 17.49 Stereo
Master ....26.49 Storm
Master ......16.99 Strike
Fleet ..16.99
Striker ..16.99 Super
Tetris .21.49 Super Ski
2 ..16.99 Super
Cars ...15.99 Super Space Invaders
16.99 Supremacy ..18.99 Suspicious
Cargo 16.49 Switchblade
2 ....15.99 Sword of
Honour ...16.49 Silly
Putty .....16.49
Terminator ...15.99 Test Drive
3 .15.99 Their Finest
Hour 19.49 Their Finest
Mission 10.49 The
Manager ......20.99 Thunder
Hawk ...21.49 Thunder
Jaws .....16.49 Tipp
off 16.99 Titus The
Fox ......16.99 Tearaway
Thomas ...15.99 Team
Yankee ......19.49 Team Yankee
2 ...22.99 Tennis Cup
2 ......16.99 Terminator
2 16.49 COMPILATIONS The Games
Espania 18.49 The
Godfather ...17.49 The Perfect
General ......21.49
Toki ..14.99 Top
Wrestling .....16.99 Top
Banana .16.99
Troddlers .....16.49 Twilight
2000 ......23.99
T. V. Sports Baseball .16.99 Ultima
Underworld 20.99 Ultima
V 19.99 Ultima
VI ......20.49 Ultima
VII .....20.99 UMS
II ...23.49 UMS Planet
Editor ..20.99 Under
Pressure ...17.49
Utopia ..20.49 Utopia The New
World 14.49 Vengeance of Excalibur 12.99 Video
Kid ....15.99
Volified .20.99
Vroom ..16.49
Vikings .17.99 White
Death 19.99 Winter
Sports .....17.49
WizKid .15.99 Wolf
Child ....16.49 Wolf
Pack ....11.49
WWF .15.99 Wing Commander
1 .19.99 Willy
Beamish ......21.49
Zool .16.99 24 Hour
Ordering Service 3D Pool ....6.99
Advanced Fruit Machine ...6.99 After
Burner ....6.99 Altered
Beast ..6.99
Arkanoid ..4.50 Arkanoid
2 ......6.99
Awesome .8.99
Baal ...5.99 Batman The
Movie ......6.99 Beach Volley ....6.99
Blood Money ..6.99
Boulderdash ....6.99
Cabal .6.99 California
Games .6.99 Carrier Command 6.99
Carthage ..7.99 Celtica GT4
Rally ..6.99 Centrefold Squares ....6.99
Chase HQ .7.99 Cloud
Kingdom ...6.99 Colossus
Chess 6.99 Conflict in
Europe ......7.99 Crackdown .....6.99
Crazy Cars 6.99 CJ in the
USA ..6.99 Defender of the Crown 7.99 Deluxe
Strip Poker .....6.99 Double Dragon 1 or 2 6.99
Dragon Ninja ...6.99 Emlyn Hughes Soccer 6.99
F16 Combat Pilot .6.99 Fantasy World
Dizzy ...5.99 Gauntlet 2 6.99
Ghouls & Ghosts .6.99 Ghost Busters
2 ...6.99 Golden Axe ....6.99
Hard Drivin ......6.99 Head over
Heels .6.99 James Pond .....6.99
Jet Set Willy .....7.99 John Lowe Ultimate
Darts .6.99 Kid Gloves 5.99 KQ2 Final
Whistle 8.49 Award Winners ..16.99
Air Combat Aces ......18.99 Action
Pack ...15.99 Air Land and
Sea ......23.99 Bitmap Bros Vol 1 .....16.99
Bitmap Bros Vol 2 .....16.99 Big
Box ...15.99 Board
Genius 16.99
Champions ....13.99 Cartoon
Collection ...16.99 Double Double Bill ...14.99
Falcon Classic Collection .21.99 Flight
Command 14.99
Grandstand ...17.99 Hollywood Collection
18.99 2 Hot 2 Handle .18.99 MONEY OFF VOUCHER
WITH 1ST ORDER K02 Giants of Europe .8.49 K02 Return to
Europe ......8.49 Last Ninja 2 .....6.99
Licence to Kill .5.99 Lombard RAC
Rally .....6.99 Lotus Esprit .....6.99
Manchester United .....6.99 Manic
Minor ....7.99 Michael Jackson
Moonwalker.6.99 Midnight Resistance ...6.99 Moonshine
Races 6.99 New Zealand Story ....6.99
Operation Thunderbolt.....6.99 Operation
Wolf ...6.99
Outrun .....6.99
Pang ..6.99 Panza Kick
Boxing ......6.99 Pipe Mania ......6.99
Platoon ....5.99
Predator ...6.99 Pro Tennis
Tour 6.99
Puzznic ....6.99 Rainbow
Islands ..6.99 Rambo
3 ..6.99 Resolution
101 6.99 Rocket Ranger .8.49
Robocop ..6.99 Rolling
Ronny ..9.99
R-Type ......6.99 Run the
Gauntlet .6.99 Shadow of the Beast 6.99 Shadow
Warrior ..6.99 Sky or
Die .8.99
Speedball 7.99 Starglider
2 .....6.99
Superplex 6.99 Super Off
Road ...9.99 Sherman M4 ....6.99
Shinobi ....6.99 Shuttle Puck
Cafe 6.99 Strike Force Harrier ....6.99
Stunt Car Racer ...6.99 Max
Extra ......17.99 Magnum
4 .....16.99 Mind
Games ..14.99 Ninja
Collection .13.99 Power
Up .....16.99 Power
Pack ...14.99 Rainbow
Collection ..13.99 Soccer Mania 11.99
Super Sim Pack .21.99 Super
Sega ....20.99 Super
Heroes 17.99 Sports
Best ....20.99 TNT
2 ......20.99 Test Drive 2
Collection.....20.99 4 Wheel Drive 17.99
Quest for Adventure 23.99 Please make cheques & P.O's
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Name.... Price Title Address Tel Card No ....Exp Date Access Visa Ch P & P PO TOTAL B20 A standard true-colour platform is needed to re-establish the Amiga as the supreme graphics machine, says Amiga Format art editor Marcus Dyson... Amiga: on top?"
101 ANNUAL 1993 “ Computer graphics are improving on virtually every platform, but in an industry where you have to run very fast just to stand still, it seems Commodore hasn't yet taken to the starting blocks99 CHANCES ARE, IF you're reading this, then you've got an Amiga. If that's so. Then you might have bought it to create music using the incredible power of Dr T'S KCS. Or you may have bought it to do your accounts utilising the impressive facilities of Professional Calc. It's even possible that you got it so you could catalogue your CD collection, complete with pictures of each cover
and samples of every track using the multimedia capabilities of Superbase Professional 4.
However, I would put money on the chance that you got your Amiga because of its graphics capability. It may have been because you had an 8-bit machine before and you realised that games in 32. 64 or 4.096 colours (yes, there has been at least one HAM game) could knock the spots off anything the other machines could do.
You may have been attracted by the Amiga's graphical capabilities, if you are an artist or video producer. But all in all the chances are that you were hooked into the universal club of Amiga ownership by what the Amiga could muster on a monitor screen. You weren't wrong.
The Amiga has always been better graphically than any other computer in its field, and it still is.
The only problem, though, is that the other machines are catching up. The once pathetic PC now boasts 256 colours on all but the most basic models: the DTP staple Apple Macintosh has had 256 colours for an age. And
16. 700.000-colour 24-bit models are becoming a very common sight
in the design studios of the land. OK, so they're
professional machines, and they don't really count, but what
about the Atari ST? The Amiga's arch rival has just come out
in a new form: all right, it's not actually an ST. but it is
Atari's bid for the home computer market, and it does have
more colours than Jason Donovan's biblical anorak.
Oh, remember a few lines back when I said the PC and the Mac don't count, because they are professional machines? Well I lied. Of course they count - just because you have a 500 is no reason to desert the Amiga owners who are lucky, rich, or professional enough to have a 3000. The thing is, computer graphics are improving on virtually every platform. But in an industry where you have to run very fast just to stand still, it sometimes seems as if Commodore hasn't yet taken to the starting blocks.
Hasn’t it always been the third party developers who have forged new paths on the route to graphical heaven on the Amiga? Did Commodore develop the Amiga's first 24-bit card? Nope, the Amiga Centre Scotland, with Harlequin, did. Did Commodore take existing 24-bit technology and make it affordable? No.
Archos with their Avideo card did. Did Commodore develop alternative technology to the price their software will be because it reflects the cost of coding the necessary support. As more cards like Avideo, Harlequin, FireCracker. OpalVision et al are being developed with each passing day. The situation will not improve.
But can anyone do anvthine to create a stan- dard true-colour platform for the Amiga to establish itself once more as the cle facto supreme graphics machine?
Well if anyone can. Commodore can. Now is the time for Commodore to take the Amiga back under its wing and develop a universal standard for 24-bit graphics. Having done that.
Commodore should then put that technology in bring pseudo 24-bit imager}' to Amiga owners? No. Digital Creations did. With DCTV.
So what am I trying to say here? That Commodore is crap? Far from it. After all.
Commodore did bring us the Amiga in the first place, and has just improved the base model and reduced the price. But the penalty that is being exacted for having all the graphics technology breakthroughs made by third-party developers is one of incompatibility. If you use the unrivalled image compositing abilities of DCTV Paint to produce a drop-dead gorgeous image, you can't bung it on a disk and send it to one of your Amisa-ownins friends - not unless he or she has DCTV too. And if you have a particularly fabulous piece of software like VistaPro2 and a stupendous piece of hardware like
an Avideo card, it doesn't necessarily mean that one will be able to exploit the abilities of another.
Software developers are faced with a plethora of graphics protocols from which they must decide which 24-bit card to support. The more compatibility they incorporate, the higher which uses 32-bit architecture throughout, enabling it to throw' data around at least twice as fast as a ‘normal’ Amiga. And throw' data around it will have to. Because the new- chipset has several new graphics modes that are extremely interesting. The Super HAM mode, rumoured in some circles to be essentially a version of HAM-E. Will offer 262,144 colours on screen, selected from a palette of
16. 777.216. And this palette, unlike previous HAM modes, will
work on a super high resolution screen.
But what about you and me. The humble A500 Plus 600 owners? Well, it wasn’t such a long time before the ECS made its way from the none-too-affordable A3000 into the absolute bargain A600. The Double-A chipset may seem like pie in the sky at present, but one day the Amiga games variant may sport it too. And that new A570 CD drive that Commodore has just given us all the opportunity of hanging from the left-hand end of our Amigas. Many people say they can't see anyone writing a 600Mb game for it, and I agree, but I think a game with 2Mb of operating code and 598Mb of super-sexy 24-bit graphics
may not be such a long way off.
Serious users would also benefit massively from improved graphics modes. DTP programs on the Amiga are great now', except for one thing - they can't display pictures in colour. That hurdle would be vaulted in next to no time if true colour machines were commonplace. Once 24-bit technology is standardised. The marketplace for scanners and digitisers will open up massively. And the laws of economics say: bigger market place, lower prices.
All its machines. Once the user base is there, the immense innovative skill which until now has mainly been devoted to enhancing the Amiga's graphics capabilities, can be turned to writing software to extract the very best from the new standard.
All well and good, but will this ever happen? Well for once the signs are not too bad.
As we go to press, our review model of the A4000 has arrived and. By the time you read this, it may even be on sale near you. The new- machine has Commodore's Double-A chip set.
WTS Electronics Ltd, Chaul End Lane, Luto Amiga 1500 2000 Pack Amiga 600 Pack
• UK specification
• 1 MB system RAM
• Mouse
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• Free game included in pack
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• 100 capacity lockable disk box £295 EQyETTiTilTTiTiETr H
• As above
• Plus integral 20MB hard drive £395
• 1MB System RAM • Workbench 2.04 • Mouse
• Twin Floppy • Works (Platinum addition) • Deluxe Paint III •
Home Accounts • Alf game • Toki game • Puzznic game • Two
Python joysticks • 100 capacity lockable disk box
• Amiga 1500 2000 Pack £489
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• With 2MB Chip Memory add £129 Emulators Accelerators Hard
Drives Philips 8833 MKII Monitor Star Printers
• GVP A500 A2000
• High quality, high reliability
• Easily expandable memory capability using low power simms
• Complete with installation software and power supply
• A500 52MBHD £344
• A500 52MB & 2MB Fast Memory £384
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• A1500 2000 52MB & 2MB RAM £319
• A1 500 2000 52MB & 4MB RAM £359
• The professionals and hobbyist tools
• KC5 Powerboard Emulator £179
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• 180 characters per second, NLQ mode, multi Font, 9 pin head
£144 Star LC200 Colour
• 225 characters per second, NLQ mode, multi font, 9 pin head
£204 Star LC24-200 Mono
• 222 characters per second, LQ mode, 10 fonts, 24 pin head £229
Star LC24-200 Colour
• 222 characters per second, LQ mode, 10 fonts, 24 pin head £294
Star AJ48 Bubble Jet
• Quality comparable with a laser printer, very quiet and
portable. Mains and bat tery powered, adaptor supplied £249
• 14 inch high resolution colour display
• High clarity stereo sound output
• Full RGB and composite inputs
• Free 1.5 metre long RGB cable
• Full UK warranty
• 3 Free games
• Philips 8833 MKII Monitor £199
• When purchased with an Amiga £189
• G Force 68030 25MHz & 1 MB £579
• G Force 68030 40MHz & 2MB £844
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• G Force 68030 28MHz A3000 £1669
• G Force 68030 33MHz A2000 £1669 Workstations Music Peripherals
100 Capacity lockable disk box £4.99 Squick mouse £13.99 Mouse
mat £2.50 TDK high quality DSD (10) disks £9.99 1000 colour
disk labels £12 LC20 printer ribbon £3.49 Jet Fighter joystick
£13.99 Apache joystick £6.99 Python joystick £9.99 Zipstick
joystick £14.99 A500 A500+ Internal replacement disk £39 Vast
range of leads for many applications - Please call
• Allows image processing in a useful and unique fashion
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processing software
• One of the fastest growing applications for home and
professional users
• High specification coupled with cost effective pricing
• Power Hand Scanner
• 64 greyscales 100-400 DPI
• Thru'port to printer
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• Power Hand Scanner £96.99
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• GVP Digital Sound Studio £49
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the Amiga)
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• Supplied complete and assembled with free mouse mat
• A500 Workstation £36
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• Swivel and tilt monitor stand for the above £5 Seasonel Sale •
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Agnus 2MB Memory Expansions
• Provides a full 2MB of Chip Memory for the Amiga 500 and
A1500 2000 • Designed and built in England • Supplied with 8375
Obese Agnus • Includes 2Mb Memory on board in the form of low
power Zips • Allows the processing of elaborate animation and
sound sampling • Provides the same max. chipmem as the
A3000 A600 &500+ • Increases addressable memory space from 9MB
to 10MB • Complete with full instructions • British made A500
Pro-RAM 0.5 Meg. Upgrade
• Chip memory compatible • British made
• Without clock £16 • With clock £19 A500 Pro-RAM 1.5MB Memory
Upgrade
• Gives a full 2MB of internal memory £79 A500+ 1MB Memory
upgrade £39 Supra RX500 (2MB-8MB)
• 2MB £138 • 4MB £194 • 8MB £299 A600 1MB Memory upgrade £49 10MB
Memory upgrade A500 £408 £139 £159
• Pro Agnus 2MB
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will ensure total peace of mind now and for the future
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• A500 Power supply unit £44.95
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• High Quality
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• Cumana external drive £54
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• Utilise hundreds of PD Bulletin Boards
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• Free Corns software £84 £129 £148 £258
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control)
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Head Office WTS Electronic Ltd Chaul End Lane Luton 0582 491949 Computer Mall Bedford No. 16 Downstairs The Harpur Centre Bedford 0234 218228 Computer Mall St. Neots No.6 Priory Mall Shopping Centre St. Neots 0480 471117 Computer Mall Hertford 49 Railway St. Hertford 0992 503606 Computer Mall Dunstable Opening Soon 84 High Street North Dunstable All prices quoted or products stocked are subject to stocking levels and availability. WTS cannot be held liable for force majeure, or items, which are out of stock due to demand or low stock at its suppliers. WTS reserve the right to amend prices or
revise packs or specifications without prior notice at any time without liability upon itself.
?asonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale • Seasonal Sale Music on the Amiga powers ahead - loads of new, high-quality programs are cropping up with increasing regularity.
Andy Nuttall plugs in, switches on and samples what we can look forward to in the coming months... The times t are a-changi RAVE DIGITAL NEWS SOFTWARE BUSINESS £49.95 This is a low-cost MIDI sequencing package which is being developed in the style of Music-X. It will use a similar graphical display. In which notes are entered on a scrolling grid, but it promises to be a great deal easier to use than even Music-X. Which is currently the most popular and user-friendly Amiga sequencer around.
Other details are still sketchy, but it will certainly be released before Christmas and very competitively priced at around £49.95. NOTATOR-X DESERT SOFTWARE SOFTWARE BUSINESS £N A As its name suggests, this is a software program which is compatible with the incredibly popular sequencer Music-X. And enables full musical scores to be created, edited and printed out. The program will enable the user to load and save Music-X files. MIDI files and 104 SO SO ou WHAT THE MUSIC INDUSTRY THINKS... “The ST has got an established software base because of its MIDI ports, but it isn’t that powerful a
computer. It’s more luck than anything that it’s got where it has. The Apple Mac is very powerful, but expensive; while the PC is the most widely used, and its software base is growing, but its hardware is relatively archaic.
“The Amiga, by contrast, is cheap and powerful - just look at the new A600 - and everything that is available on the ST is available for the Amiga.
“KCS started out on the ST, but with the incredible popularity of the Amiga it was converted for that machine. Now it’s more powerful and looks better - this is a good example of the way that the Amiga is taking over from the ST in terms of high-end music hardware and software.” Christian Simpson, Zone Distribution IT'S BEEN AN exciting year for music and the Amiga. While hardware and software manufacturers have been developing music gear for the Amiga since day one. It has unfortunately always played second fiddle to the Atari ST because of the latter's built-in MIDI ports.
It’s true to say that any computer can do a perfectly good job of running a MIDI studio, provided it's running the right software. The problem is getting hold of the right software, and Amiga owners have, in the past, suffered from a dearth of quality music programs compared to those that are available for the ST and Apple Macintosh.
Well, times they are a-changing. Recently the Amiga has been building up a reputation as a machine to be reckoned with. What with the massive number of existing Amiga owners, and the fact that the A600 is set to make the Amiga grow even stronger in the marketplace, developers have started to sit up and take notice. The result of this is the Amiga is now finding its way into many professional music studios, as well as becoming more and more popular with the amateur musician.
Such support from musicians inevitably leads to interest from software developers who are keen to tap into a lucrative new market, so now we have more music programs than ever becoming available. Now’s the time to take a snapshot of the current scene: to look at what is just becoming available and what new packages we can look forward to as we head gamely for 1993.
During the next few months, several new packages are due to be released on to the Amiga music market. Let’s have a sniff around and see what exciting new programs are coming up.
PHANTOM DR rS ZONE £249 Phantom is a MIDI interface that can be used with the entire range of Amigas. It has a built- in tape sync unit (SMPTE) so that you can link up your multitrack tape recorder to your sequencer (it’s compatible with KCS. Too). It's priced at around £249 and has a ‘serial through' port which means that you can plug in another serial device while Phantom is still connected up.
“In the sequencer market the Amiga’s quite strong, but it needs a Cubase-compatible sequencer before people will view it as an alternative to the Mac, PC and ST. “The new 16-bit samplers could prove to be very good. But the Amiga could also do with an Akai sample editor and other general sample utilities.” Maff Evans, Future Music magazine “In the UK there’s a huge base of Amigas, and its advantage over other music computers is that it can play samples without external hardware.” Steve Thomas, Dr T's Music Software “The Amiga has gained ground over more established computers in the
professional music market.” Alan Ackers, Gajits Music Software SUPERJAM STYLES DISKS BLUE RIBBON SOUNDWORKS ZONE £25 EACH Styles disks are now available from Blue Ribbon that enable Super Jam music creation software to extend its repertoire to three more musical styles: Classical Pop & Rock and Cutting Edge. The first two speak for themselves. While the latter has a sort of ‘New Age’ feel. Each disk costs £25, but if you want to buy all three you can get hold of them for £65.
TRIPLE PLAY PLUS BLUE RIBBON SOUNDWORKS ZONE £149 While most MIDI interfaces offer 16 channels with which to organise your MIDI sounds.
Triple Play Plus offers 48 channels when used with Blue Ribbon’s popular Bars & Pipes sequencing package. Plugging into the serial port of the Amiga, the unit also doubles as a normal 16-channel MIDI interface when used with other packages, and for £149 it’s a snip.
Notator-X files, and it will copy MIDI data to and from Music-X without having to save to disk first.
Scores can be edited or created either in a page format, or in a 'continuous stave' format, which means that a musical piece that is larger than the screen display may be created, and the program will scroll along as required. The staves may have one or two tracks assigned to them, which means that two different instruments may be displayed on one stave.
The notes which are entered are automatically aligned to fit on the staves, while an auto-spacing routine ensures that notes and rests with small durations don't overlap and blur, and large durations don't take up too much space. The full score may be viewed in one of three sizes on screen, and may be printed using any standard Amiga printer driver, including laser printers. The results of a hard copy from a laser printer are very impressive indeed.
Lyrics are also supported. ASCII files containing song words can be loaded into moveable frames, so that blocks of text may be easily positioned on a page.
Notator-X is a stand-alone program, which means that it doesn't need Music-X to run.
Although unfortunately it will only be available with Music-X version 2.0. which is going to be released soon.
CLARITY 16 MICRODEAL £ 149.95 Microdeal, maker of such fine Amiga sam- pling equipment as Stereo Master, has again come up trumps with the imminent release of a 16-bit stereo sampler for the Amiga. Using 16 bits both on the input and the output side, the unit plugs into the serial and printer ports, so it can be used with the entire range of Amiga computers - including the A600. This is a definite plus, because most of the quality sampling equipment to date has been configured as a Zorro II card which plugs into the A1500 - A3000 ranse.
Could this be the start of another sampling revolution? 16-bit sampling for £150 - looking good... As if this isn't enough, Clarity 16 also contains a full specification MIDI interface, so that it may be easily connected to a MIDI keyboard or external sequencer. Does this hardware specification sound too good to be true? We shall see... The software which comes with the package also promises to be quite a high specification. Along with the normal 'cut and paste'-type options there is a stereo panning facility, digital filtering, sample re-synthesis (mixing other sounds with the current
sample), and a whole range of functions which may be applied to the sample including echo, flange, reverb, chorus and distortion. The latter functions may also be applied in real-time to the stereo audio input.
The program also features a one track sample sequencer, which can be useful if you don't have a separate sequencer and you would like to arrange your samples into a basic pattern.
Expect to find Clarity 16 in the shops sometime in November at just under £150 .
BOOJVI BOX DR T'S ZONE £45 Billed as an 'exciting interactive music program', Boom Box is the latest program from Dr T's. It has a basic mixing desk, effects generator and sample player all in one. And it will enable you to create all sorts of techno dance tunes using just your Amiga.
Although it won't be MIDI compatible, it's possible to loop sections of IFF samples, add echo, reverb and other effects to the music, and jam along to your favourite tunes using the joystick. Any non-musicians interested in making some decent music - watch this space.
X-OR PROFILE DISKS DR T'S ZONE £5 EACH Due for release soon are four disks for use in conjunction with the X-oR generic patch editor from Dr T's, which increase the range of synthesisers and sound modules which the program can recognise. Almost ever}- synth available may be edited via X-oR and your Amiga. The disks cost £5 each and will be available before Christmas.
AD51 D STUDIO ID SUNRIZE INDUSTRIES The AD516 is the 'Big Brother' to the AD 1012 direct-to-hard disk recording system for the Amiga. Packaged with the latest version (2.0) of the Studio 16 sample editing software (which was reviewed in Amiga Format 38), the AD516 offers up to eight tracks of 16-bit sampled sound. A SMPTE time code reader is also included, and a dedicated DSP chip handles the main sound editing functions. The AD516 is configured on one Zorro II card for the A1500 or above. It will enable up to 48KHz sampling rate, making it compatible with both DAT and CD. And 64 times
oversampling, which means that it will easily correct any glitches that may occur on your samples as they are played back.
Currently available in the US for SI.495, it's due for release in the UK before Christmas.
105 ANNUAL 1993 SUNRIZE INDUSTRIES £TBA Also up for release in around six months' time from SunRize is the DD524 card for the A1500 or above, which will enable digital music data to be ported directly to or from hard disk via a digital connection on your CD or DAT player - useful if you use the card to port the data on to your hard drive and edit it using Studio 16 software. The price and release date are not yet available.
& COMPANY CONTACTS DR T’S MUSIC SOFTWARE & BLUE RIBBON SOUNDWORKS from ZONE DISTRIBUTION, Eurolink Business Centre, Unit 70, 49 Essra Road, London SW2 1BZ ® 071-738 5444 DESERT SOFTWARE & DIGITAL NEWS from SOFTWARE BUSINESS, Suite 1, Unit 1, Cromwell Business Centre, New Road, St Ives ® 0480 496497 MICRODEAL, PO box 68, St Austell, Cornwall PL25 4YB ® 0726 68020 SUNRIZE INDUSTRIES from HB MARKETING, Unit 3, Poyle 14, Colnbrook, Slough SL3 0DY ® 0753 686000 UGA SOFTWARE POWERPACKER PRO vrs4 allows you to compress a disks contents into less than two-thirds of the space it would normally
require ..only £14.95 POWERBASE is a simple but powerful database, featuring simple to use interface; full sorting and selection plus report printings ., ...only £19.95 POWERWAVES vrs3.0 is not just another graphic utility, it runs on all Amigas with 1Mb and features 40 different math functions, supports Sculp-Animate 3D 4D,and Videoscape object and script file formats, generates IFF animations from single frame IFF pictures plus
mora ...only £17.95 Tel: 0634 710788 ALL PRICES INC VAT AND P&P. VISA AND ACCESS TAKEN 16 32 35 Northcote Road Strood, Kent, ME22DH POWERMENU vrs2.0 is a complete menu designer for floppy and hard disk users only £17.95 DRIVE-X vrsl.0 is a powerful disk monitor that can be used to change text or blocks of a disk or files and also create menus on hard disks .....only £14.95 HUGE vrs2.0 is the complete program for producing icons, sprites, brushes and
bobs .only £17.95 KILL DA VIRUS is a professional virus killer which reconises more than 138 different viruses ....only £14.95 Maxell Disks PRICE PER BOX OF 10 MD1-DD 5.25" DD £5.80 MD2-DD 5.25 DS DD £ 6.00 MD2-DD 5.25" HD £8.36 MF2-DD 3.5" DS DD 1Mb £ 6.00 MF2-HD 3.5" HD 2Mb £12.50 PRESS. E&OE.ALL TRADEMARKS RESPECTED 16 32 also supply a large range of Educational Software, send an SAE for more details ALL PRICES ARE CORRECT AT TIME OF GOING TO JOIN THE AMIGA ROBOTICS REVOLUTION DID YOU KNOW YOUR AMIGA CAN CONTROL A ROBOT ARM OR MOBILE ROBOT? IT
CAN ALSO CONTROL HEATING, LIGHTING AND INTRUDER ALARMS IN YOUR HOME. IN FACT, ABSOLUTELY ANY ELECTRICAL OR ELECTRONIC DEVICE CAN BE HOOKED UP TO THE AMIGA USING THE SWITCHSOFT INPUT OUTPUT PORT.
DON'T GET LEFT BEHIND! COMPUTER CONTROL IS A VAST NEW EXCITING FIELD TO EXPLORE. BRING YOUR AMIGA INTO THE REAL WORLD. PHONE OR WRITE FOR FREE INFORMATION PACK.
LIGHT EXPERIMENTERS KIT £11.95 Thermo & Photo sensors plug into analog inputs + superb "Amitrol" software.
AMIGA INPUT OUTPUT PORT £27.95 | Now you can use your Amiga to switch fT ’ electric motors, respond to sensors and ||jlg£7T.' Control robotic devices. 11 Outputs for §pjy:; motors etc. Up to 13 inputs for sensors + 2 analog inputs. Easy to program in AMIGA BASIC, AMOS, GFA & HISOFT. 21 page User Manual. "An outstanding value for money product". Amiga Computing.
JUST RELEASED ... ROBOT BUGGY KIT £17.95 Easily programmed to move forward, reverse, turn, draw shapes etc. Requires I O Port +Dual Motor Controller (£17.95) + Mains adapter (£7.50)-? Buggy disk (£4): complete buggy package (excl. I O Port) £44 MAINS CONTROLLER MODULE £22.95 (Standard mains socket). Handles 15 amps.
AMAZING SENSOR AND CONTROL EXPERIMENTERS KIT £27.95 £1 OFF if purchased with I O Port 6 plug-in Projects. No soldering required.
Includes relay module, motor, tilt sensor, reed switch, light bulb. 4 LEDs, powerful software on disk and FREE "GUIDE TO AMIGA INTERFACING" PSION SERIES 3 £170 INC The worlds most powerful pocket computer.
Hotor Pcwer II-J4. &CJ If not satisfied, return any product within 10 days for a full refund.
FfcOMO PLJ5S lie x»»? !«ri Fort) Hster Controller Csis limed* tH« 61.)
VISA BiitlGi fits (T* th* I C PortJ A break-through for Amiga Robot Constructors.
A single Motor driver Module can fully control 2 motors: it plugs into iust 4 channels on the Swiichsoft IO Port and each Motor can be controlled independandy forward or reverse at variable speed. There is automatic fast braking of the motors when stopped. Virtually any small DC Motor can be connected directly. Ideal for use with the Swiichsoft Buggy. The power supply for both motors can be any DC voltage between 6v and 36v. A suitable plug-in mains transformer is available.
FREE INFORMATION PACK ON ALL PRODUCTS: PLEASE PHONE OR WRITE IT’S ALREADY BEEN proven this year that punk music has gone techno. Remember, punk is an ethic - it's about doing it with no money but with bags of attitude. And in this day and age. What better way to do it than with a computer costing £400. Taking on the studios that do it with many thousands of pounds?
Urban Shakedown are two guys with two Amiga 500s. Public domain software that cost nothing, and heaps of ideas. Linking up two Amigas with a simple click track, they produced a sample-based hardcore dance track that got them into the Top 40 singles chart.
But financial success is of little consequence. Sales of records are falling so rapidly that, in comparison to the 4 ¦ computer games industry, even respected organs like O magazine have started suggesting that pop music is on its last lees. Yet all around the country, people are Catherine to dance to music essentially created by the peo- Andrew Nuttall, musician, studio engineer and Amiga Format writer, sees a vision of a musical future where everyone will take part in creating a new music for a new age... The punk "volution" V: £ pie and for the people.
In the future, many more buddine musicians are eoine to do what Urban Shakedown have done - put together their own sounds using the absolute minimum of equipment and discover that people like it. In villaee halls, clubs and minor venues all round the country, new sounds will spring up. Created by people who don't aspire to being interviewed on Saturday morning kids' TV - they just want to entertain the people around them. Yes, my friends. I am offering you musical anarchy, courtesy of the free availability of the means of production - a 16-bit computer with sampled sound.
And, let's face it. The Amiga doesn't just stop at sounds, either. We already know of several people who are using Amigas to provide the visuals for raves and all-nighters. If it's colour, movement and vibrancy you're after, a little bit of Amiga graphics is what you need. Party, as they say. On.
* Yes, my friends, i am offering you musical anarchy, courtesy of
the free availability of the means of production - a 16-bit
computer with sampled sound, And, let's face it, the Amiga
doesn't just stop at sounds,,,99 However, that’s not to say
that the Amiga is just a guerrilla weapon in the music of the
future - the music hardware equivalent of the AK-47 assault
rifle. It does have a future in the studio, too, as more and
more people realise that you can replace a lot of expensive
dedicated equipment with a single, cheap, flexible computer.
If you cast your mind back, say. Seven years ago, you may remember that the Apple Mac and the IBM PC were the main tools musicians used for computer sequencing. Then along came the ST and the Amiga, and the ST was instantly taken in by the music community as a cheap alternative - leaving the Amiga behind simply because the ST had a built-in MIDI interface. If there's one thing that will make a big difference to the Amiga it would be built-in MIDI and I hope we see it happen very soon.
Some developers did work on sequencing packages for the Amiga, realising its potential to play up to four internal samples and numerous MIDI tracks simultaneously without the need for extra hardware. The most notable package that appeared was Aegis' Sonix.
Released around 1987. This was a really quite high specification sequencer which made use of the mouse to enable users to enter notes directlv on to a musical stave and. As such, was mf a predecessor to such popular packages as Sequencer One and Music-X. Sonix is still available and is still very popular, even though it looks very dated.
Looking at the situation now, the Amiga has never been in a better position to cash in on the sampling and sequencing market.
Musicians are now beginning to realise that the Amiga is inexpensive and yet still incredibly versatile, and that they can not only use it to sample and sequence but also to design their record sleeves and play some mean games.
Yep. Let's face it - the fact that you can get a wide range of darned good games for the Amiga is going to mean a lot of small studios and home musicians will get an Amiga, so long as they know it can still run a good sequencing package as well. Musicians are human too, you know.
But as far as software and hardware for the Amiga goes, the best is yet to come. Given the vast catalogue of new music software and hardware which is even now lined up for release, the Amiga is to enjoy more powerful packages with more and more power for less and less cost.
Take as an example the new 16-bit sampler from Microdeal. Clarity 16. Which enables you to sample CD-quality stereo sounds. What other machine can you buy which will enable you to add on a sampler of that sort of quality for 150 quid? Another astonishing example is the AD 1012 16-bit direct-to-hard-disk recorder from SunRize Industries of California. Normally, direct-to-disk recording is the domain of dedicated hardware systems costing thousands, but with the Amiga it will soon be possible for under a grand.
Even the public domain software libraries are packed with quality music products. Take the MED and OctaMED Professional programs for example. For around £10 you can pick up a sample-playing program which will enable you to sequence up to four channels of internal Amiga samples, and add effects such as pitch slide and volume ramping to them.
£20 will buy you the Pro version, which uses a nifty piece of coding to trick the Amiga into believing it can play eight tracks of samples.
107 m o 0s s While on the subject of internal Amiga samples, there are also several sound libraries available from various sources. They generally consist of Amiga disks crammed with IFF samples (which can be loaded into most sequencers and sample trackers such as MED), and usually cost only a few pounds each. What a fine resource for the punk musician.
While the PC. Macintosh and ST are far from dead in the recording studio, the Amiga is rapidly catching up.
We've heard tale after tale of studios discovering that an Amiga can do amazing things W- V W ' and with a professional-standard sequencer like Dr T's KCS. They don't lose any of the power of more expensive systems. Watch this space, and the Amiga will rocket.
For now, though, the Amiga is in a very strong position and is getting stronger by the day. Commodore has shown itself to be committed to updating the Amiga on a regular basis, while retaining a good percentage of compatibility with previous models.
This means that the Amiga is going to continue to be the machine to have, and that companies such as Dr T's, Blue Ribbon.
SunRize, Microdeal, Gajits and all the others will continue to develop music software for years to come. And believe me, for Amiga- owning musicians, the future has never looked more rosy. So dust off your Amiga, treat it to a new sampler and. Er, shake your funky stuff - or whatever passes for dancerly exhortation these days... ST ALBANS OPEN SUNDAYS
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CALLERS WELCOME AT OUR BRANCHES OPEN 9-5.30, MONDAY TO SATU s i 41396 LUTON Dual Drive DD+GVP+20MB HD DD+GVP+52MB HD DD+GVP+120MB HD Per extra 2MB fitted to GVP Also with Kickstart 1.3 + ROM Sharer Also with XT AT BB for PC compatibility ¥ £2259 inc. VAT TRAPUlE £2429 inc. VAT aVAILAblc Microswitched Joystick 80 cap. Lockable disc box PLUS 10 blank discs 4 great boxed games Phone for current choice OR Home Accounts OR Dpaint III +700 Clip Art Pics graphics Mouse Mat and Dust Cover TOTAL VALUE WITH AMIGA 49.99 SEPARATELY 69.99 SPECIAL: ALSO 10 extra great games ADD 25.00 WWW PACK EXTRA
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19.99 SEPARATELY 29.99 MAX VALUE RRP [
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196. 91 AMIGA 4000 24 Bn MULTIMEDIA AMIGA New A6A Chip Set +
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16. 6 million, scan doubling for flicker tree display. 25 Mhz,
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between Amiga DOS +MS DOS, 2 rear + 2 front 3.5" bays, Ix
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utilities, Gold Service Warranty ALONE 120MB HD 2 +4MB 120MB
HD 2 +8MB 240MB HD 2 +8MB PHONE With SVGA low radiation
high-res 28 dot pitch col. Monitor inc tilt and swivel £259
AMIGA 600 A600 with 12 month on-site warranty, 1MB, WB
2.05,3.5" FD + Smart Card Interface WITH ALONE UK 8833 CBM
1084 A600 264.00 444.00 A600 20MBHD 419.00 599.00 A600 20MB*
394.00 574.00 A600 60MB* 494.00 674.00 A600 80MB* 534.00
714.00 A600 120MB* 594.00 774.00 2MB VERSION ADD £39.95 WITH
DELUXE PAINT III + GAME ADD £5 See below across for
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* Top quality 3rd party drives, covered by full 12 month return-
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* 4 disc 700 Clip Art pics graphics for Dpaint III 9.99
* Puzznic OR Lemmings 24.99
* Toki Captain Planet 24.99
* Elf The Simpsons 29.99
* Digita Home Accounts 29.99 TOTAL VALUE 429.82 WITH AMIGA CDTV
49.99 SEPARATELY 69.99 PLUS Starter Pack 67.99 Dr Darrel Maddy
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David J Thomas - Wolverhampton "I was very impressed with the service I received in the first instance, I really appreciated how quickly you managed to get the printer despatched from your Luton branch for me." . R. ,. . , J S Cozadinos - Amersnam S T |A f L| I 5 h[ E D 8 |10 MARKET PllACE ST ALBANS HERTS AL3I5DG TEL: (0727) 56005 41396 the Gallery arnpa e centre Iluton BEDS! LU1 2PG TELl: (0582)1457195 411281 WHAT THE CUSTOMERS SAY ..."extremely courteous and rapid response to my problem”...”! Will not hesitate to recommend you to my colleagues.
'AMIGA 1500 2000 Full UK spec, with 1MB RAM, mouse, expansion as 2000, leads, manuals. New including Kickstart & Workbench 2.04. Hard disc configuration inc the high performance GVPII controller cord, EXPANDABLE TO 8MB. Fast reliable 52MB +120MB Quantum Drives are used.
ALONE WITH WITH 7CM 8833 1084 +M W FFIXER
485. 00 662.00 889.00
699. 00 879.00 1099.00
765. 00 949.00 1169.00
908. 00 1092.00 1299.00 THE HOTTEST LOT PACK VALUE RRP All as
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80 Prog. Hobbyte PD Greats Pack II - Includes top games like Battlecars, Star Trek, Computer Conflict, Megaball, c classics, board classics ana 'shoot-em-ups', Dpaint c T ...... Word Processor, Spreadsheet, Database + Desktop Publisher and tne ultimate virus killers - a must for every new Amiga owner! 39.99 TOTAL VALUE 506.72 EPIC PACK EXTRA VALUE RRP Epic Pack: Trivial Pursuit language Lab 29.99 Amiga text Epic, Rome, Myth 77.97 Dpaint III with animation 79.99 700 dip art pics graphics for Dpaintlll 9.99 3 disc Home Pack ina. W Processor, Dbase, Spreadsheet 9.99 Virus Killer 4.99 TOTAL VALUE
212.92 WITH AMIGA CDTV 39.99 SEPARATELY 59.99 1MB, with Disc Caddy, Welcome CD + tutorial + remote control unit.
AS ABOVE WITH MATCHING DRIVE KEYBOARD, MOUSE + WB 1.3 As above £369* £459 With Goldstar Black TV £549* £639 monitor + remote control Extra RAM £POA
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software packs i • WWW gomes: Formula 1 Grand Prix Pushover
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PROFESSIONAL FAMILY PACK (1 MB REQUIRED) VALUE RRP ABSOLUTE BEGINNERS PACK 3-9 YEARS VALUE RRP Fun School 2, under 6 years, 6-8 years or 8+ years 19.99 Fun School 3 or 4, specify under 5 years, 5 to 7 years or 7+years.
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Conform to National Curriculum requirements. 24.99 Postman Pat (1.3 only), OR Edd the Duck (7+ years) OR ¦ ' ..... ' ' ' '¦ * 14.99 Cartoon Classics Games: Lemmings OR Elf The Simpsons Toki Captain Planet Puzznic Deluxe Paint III with animation The Works Platinum Word Processor, Spreadsheet and Database Ed the Duck OR Back to the Future and Postman Pat (1.3 only) OR Digital Home Accounts Virus Killer Disk
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19. 99
• 80 Prog. Hobbyte PD Greats Pack - see 'Hottest Lot Pack'39.99
• 4 disc DP pack inc. Fonts, Gp Art and Disc Tutor 9.99
• Hobbyte Infant, Junior (specify) or Secondary Educational Pack
19.99
• 10 Blank Discs + 80 Capacity lockable disc box 26.98
• Mouse Mat + Dust Cover 9.98
• Joystick 9.99 TOTAL VALUE 478.85 WITH AMIGA CDTV 79.99
SEPARATELY 99.99 SPECIAL Also with Star LC 200 9 PIN Colour
Printer and Starter Pock ADD 179.00 Also with Citizen 224+24
Pin Colour Printer and Starter Pack ADD 230.00 Hobbyte 30 Easy
Children's Games, 10 pack disc induaina Train bet and other top
entertaining PD titles 19.99
6. 99
9. 99
89. 99
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216. 91
49. 99
69. 99 Deluxe Paint 11 Photon Paint II or Elf or Puzznic Hobbyte
Infont Educational PD Pack, containing 10 fun while you learn
aames dren's Games Pack Box, Joystick, Mouse Mat 4 disc DP
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VALUE 80.60 ADD 16.99
89. 99
19. 99 Hobbyte 30 Easy Chi 10 Blank Discs, Disc
19. 99
26. 96*
9. 99
231. 89
49. 99
69. 99 SPECIAL: With 3 great boxed games and Dpaint III animation
instead of Dpaint 11 Photon Paint II (1MB reg.)
VALUE 80.00 ADD 16.99 AMOS PROGRAMMER'S PACK (1MB REQ.)
VALUE RR1
• EASY AMOS - complete, simplest possible, fun-to-use beginners
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OR Amos the Creator. 34.991
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• 80 Prog. Hobbyte PD Greats Pack - see 'Hottest Lot Pack'39.99
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• Mouse Mat, Dust Cover & Microswitch Turbo Joystick 19.97
• 'Get the Most out of Your Amiga' book 9.95 TOTAL VALUE 215.84
WITH AMIGA CDTV 64.99 SEPARATELY 79.99 A3000 24 BIT SYSTEM THE
ULTIMATE!!
• Extra 4MB Fast RAM • Progressive 68040 accelerator 124 bit
colour card • Vlab 24 Dit colour real time digitize
• 24 bit 3D Art + animation s w
• Fitting and Free 1 2 day customised training TOTAL RETAIL PRICE
OVER £6,000 HOBBYTE PRICE £3995 INC VAT MITSUBISHI SCANNER
G650 40 A3 postscript colour ink jet printer, 8MB with starter
kit HOBBYTE PRICE £7349 INC VAT ARTISTS DTP CAD PACK VALUE RRP
79. 99
99. 99
• Deluxe Paint III with animation (upgradeable to DP IV)
• Power 400dpi scanner with Powerscan professional s w
• 10 disc Hobbyte PD Graphics Pack inc. clip art + utilities
39.99
• Cartoon Classics Games: OR Lemmings Elf 25.99 Captain Planet
Puzznik 25.99 The Simpsons Digita Home Accounts 24.99
• 80 Prog. Hobbyte PD Greats Pack - see 'Hottest Lot Pack' 39.99
• 20 Blank Discs + 80 Capacity LockableDisc Box 33.97
• Mouse Mat,Dust Cover & Microswitch Turbo Joystick 19.97
• 'Get the Most out of Your Amiga' book 9.95 TOTAL VALUE 400.82
WITH AMIGA CDTV 139.99 SEPARATELY 169.99 AS ABOVE, PLUS PRO
PAGE 3 AND PRO DRAW 3 VALUE 449.00 ADD 149.00 ACCESSORIES Blitz
virus protector + backup device for any external drive 23.99
A520
Modulator ...19.99
A500 Deluxe control
centre .44.99
A600 Control
Centre ....29.90
CDTV
Keyboard .39.99
Golden Image
Mouse ....POA
MODEMS Amstrad SM 2400
Modem 118.99
Supra Fax 2400 + 5 year
warranty 78.95
Supra Fax 2400 Plus + 5 year
warranty ...137.95 FLOPPY
DRIVES Zydec 3.5 external drive, daisychain +
on off .48.95 Cumana CAX 354 3.5
external drive, beige .... 52.99 CDTV
external 3.5 drive,
black, .....49.99
PC 880B with anti click + Blitz back up and virus protector
67.95 PC 880B as above, Cyclone
compatible ..78.99
Dual drive as PC
880B ......115.95
MONITORS ACCESSORIES CBM 1084SDI monitor +
leads .....189.00
Philips UK 8833 MKII mon.+leads+(Turbo Challenge + on-site)
199.00 Tilt + swivel stand for Philips
8833 .12.99
Philips 3332 FST
TV Monitor .238.99
CBM 1960 High res monitor 379.99 Philips 7CM
Hi-res SVGA .28dp inc. tilt &
swivel ....259.99 NEC 4FG
Multi-Sync ...544.99
Microway Flicker
Fixer ......135.99
ICD Flicker Free Video
2-A500 .....197.90
SCANNERS & DIGITISERS Epson GT 6000,600dpi 24 bit
A4 ._...982.99 Epson
GT 8000,800dpi 24 bit
A4 ......1192.99 Power
Hand Scanner, 400 dpi, 64 Greyscale, Powerscan software 88.99
Power Colour Hand
Scanner .219.49
Sharp JX 100 A6 Scanner + scanlab s w up to 18
bit ...469.99 Sharp JX 320A6 Scanner + s w up
to 24 bit ..898.99 Vidi Amiga
12 ...77.99
Summa Sketch II A4 Tablet
Digitiser ....319.99
Summa Sketch II A3Tablet
Digitiser .....529.99
GENLOCKS CBM Rendale 8802 8806 ...-...POA Rocgen
Plus________114.49 CBM Rendob 8802 SVHS .....529.99
Progen ..... 85.99 Rocgen 78.95 Video Pilot v330
_______________994.94 DISCS 10 Blank DS DD discs in box..6.99
50 Blank DS DD discs ..17.99 10 Blank DS HD
discs ....8.99 50 Blank DS HD discs .27.99 SOFTWARE
EDUCATIONAL Any Fun School 15.50 Any ADI 17.50 See also
software packs UTILITIES LANGUAGES AMAXII Plus 289.99 Amos
3D .21.49 Amos the Creator..30.95 Amos
Compiler......19.49 Easy Amos .....22.49 Cross Dos
v5 ..22.75 Disk Master II 43.75 GFA
Basic 17.99 Lattice Cv5.7 147.99 Quarter back
34.50 Quarter back Tools 44.99 APPLICATION Arena Accounts 89.50
Excellence 3 ...88.99 Final Copy .....47.49 Kind
Words III 35.99 Maxiplan Plus v4 ..38.99 Mini Office
43.99 Pagestream 2.2..122.99 Pagesetter II 42.49 Pen Pall
.4 ....52.50 Personal Finance Manager Plus 31.99 Pro.
Page v3 137.99 Saxon Publisher POA Superbase Pro 4.148.99
Wordsworth 69.99 Works Platinum ....49.95 ACCELERATORS HD
A500 600 GRAPHKS CAD ArrugaVtsfon 47.50 Art Dept. Pro 2.1
....98.99 Deluxe Paint III 9.49 Deluxe PaintIV 53.99 Expert 4D
Junior...36.99 Expert Draw 48.99 Imagine v2 186.99 Pro. Draw
3 ...69.99 Real 3D Beg 1.4 ...83.99 Real 3D Turbo Pro 1.4
...229.50 Scala 500 ......68.99 Scala MM200 434.99 Scala
Pro 1.13.. .173.50 Sculpt Animate 4D 198.99 Spectra Colour
57.99 X CAD 2000 ...89.50 X CAD 3000 238.90 VIDEO
PRODUCTION TITLING AmigaVision 47.50 Broadcast Tirier II
148.99 Deluxe Photolab ...51.49 Pro Video Plus ....137.99 TV
Show Pro 51.39 TV Text Pro 68.99 Video Director 106.99 Walt
Disney Animator 63.99 MUSIC AD 10 12 Studio 16
Sampler ....349.95 Audio Engineer Plus 2 Sampler.188.99
Audio Master 4 44.49 Bars & Pipes Pro 1.0E ....172.13 GVP
Digital Sound Studio......48.99 Midi Interface 19.95
Rombo Megamix...23.99 24 BIT A Video 24 with TV Paint for
500 .....588.90 Art Dept. Pro 2.1 A ...174.99
DCTV 395.99 Firecracker ......POA GVP
Impact Vision 24bit card......1369.00 Harlequin 4000 24 bit
card.....1498.95 Image Master... 1069.00 Opal Vision 24 bit
board + Opal Paint, Opal Presents, Karate 24 bit
software ....699.95 Rembrandt 24 bit board...2489,99 V
lab 24 bit real time digitiser .....279.99 A590
20MB .....259.99 A570 for 2.04 1MB 500 309.99
IVS Trumpcard 42MB HD....279.99 Roctec Rochard 120MB 362.99
Microbotics VXL30 25MHz..219.99 2MB Burst RAM for above 179.99
Extra 2MB fitted to any above.62.99 A5301MB
52MB___________658.99 A5301MB105MB___________827.99 A530 1MB
240MB ....1017.99 A530 68882 ....227.99
GVPHD8 52MB 344.50 GVP
HD8120MB ..463.99 GVPHD8
240MB ..725.99 ACCELERATORS HD A1500 20000 3000
GVP Series II52MB_____278.99 G Force 030 40MHZ 4MB 889.99
GVPSeriesIl 105MB_______416.99 Gforce 03050MHZ4MB 1259.99 GVP
Series II240MB_______643.99 PkqgZuO«)2BMHZ4MB 1739.99 G Force
030 25MHZ1MB 539.99 PriogMeraiy04028MHZ(3000) 1349.99 Sysquest
removable HD 88MB .579.99 Extra 2MB fitted to any above.62.99
EXPANSION A500 512k Ram
Exp+Clock 19.90
CBMA501 exp
....29.00
A500+ 1MB
exp - 28.99
A500+ Switch 1MB
exp ......37.99
1MB exp for A600
......49.99
Chip fitting and board upgrade available, by our qualified
engineers or DIY
kit ....POA EMULATION
KCS Powerboard 174.99 GVP 286 for GVPII +530
....216.99 KCS Powerboard with DOS ..199.95 XT Bridgeboard for
1500 99.00 KCS adaptor .69.50 AT
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SJ 48 20*99 HPL Jet 4 ...1319.99
Gtizen 120+D ....108.99 Star LC20 ... Star
LC200 col ...J6725 Citizen Swift 9 ....167.25 Star
LC 24-20 .....17725 Star LC 24-200 ..09735 Star LC
24-200 col.....23939 Gtizen 124D ......176.99 Epson LQ
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STARTER PACK: 500 Sheets A4 or continuous paper, Amiga to printer lead & Universal Printer Stand • with new driver Amiga prices, except where stated are inc. VAT. E.&O.E CITIZEN DEALER PLUS HP AUTHORISED DEALER Whatevc JAN 1992 FEB 1992 MAR 1992 APR 1992 - Complete Vista MAY 1992 - Complete PageSetter AUG 1992 - Animation Station SEP 1992 - Complete IntroCAD Well, how about this... SCRIBBLE! - complete word processing package!!!
Platinun Scribble! 8 Copyright 1988-91 Nicro-Systeas Software, Inc. @ C3 IN THE MAG: Wow! Two new Amigas revealed, including a hands- on test of the A4000 plus an all-new Amiga!
GET YOUR COPY ON NOVEMBER 12th!
R will AMIGA FORMAT do next in 1992?
AMIGA JUN 1992 - Complete SpectraColor JUL 1992 - Complete CanDo!
Isters 01:88888888 2 **24 8514 8888 8678 A1188888888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88rC 8818 02:88888888 1 8824 8514 8888 8676 A2:88888888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88FC 8818 03:88888888 2 8824 8514 8888 8676 A3:88888888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88FC 8818 S4:88888888 1 8824 8514 8888 8676 A4:88888888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88FC 8818 5:88888888 3 8824 8514 8888 8676 A5:MII8888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88FC 8818 06:88888888 t 8824 8514 8888 8676 A6:88888888 8824 8514 8888 8676 88FC 8818 Fabulous!
Crmptftr 140 07:88888888 $ 8824 8514 8888 8676 A7:882A2194 8824 78C8 8888 8FF8 4648 383A SR:8888 U A7'888FFFFA 8888 8824 B1F8 ************ K:8824EBD8 PFA 524FDA2(PC)_ 2 Disassenbly PC OCT 1992 - Complete DevPac 2 NOV 1992 - TV*Text and CrossDOS and how about this!
IN THE MAG: Pages of ideas for creating your own software with AMOS, plus an amazing game tip special!
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GET YOUR COPY ON DECEMBER 10th!
Pcs rule the roost in the business world, but the Amiga is finding niche markets where the PC doesn't stand a chance.
Mark Smiddy reports... I i .
. ’Vbi ANNUAL 1993 THE LAUNCH OF the A500 Plus and the A600 forced developers to treat Workbench 2 with the respect it deserves. No longer is it the exclusive preserve of the rich - it packs features that ‘the person in the street' demands.
One of the first developers to realise Workbench's coming of age was Digita, which devised its own variation on the theme in its Wordworth application called the ‘Human Interface Protocol’ (HIP).
A lot of thought went into the design of HIP and it shows in the company’s new products. An inevitable marketing side-effect of HIP is that it does not require Workbench 2 in order to function, and will happily work on any machine running Kickstart 2 or higher.
Nevertheless, it does work better on true Workbench 2 machines. This is just one more reason why prospective business users should update all their machines to version 2 ROMs as soon as it is economically viable.
Workbench 3 is on the way now and.
Although a low-end machine is still some way off, the question must be posed: update now or wait? There is little doubt Workbench 3 will be better, but it will take software developers time to catch up. Just think how long it has taken them to get used to Workbench 2... Even now, over a year after it became widely available, few programs support Workbench 2 facilities - although many more have the Workbench 2 look and feel.
Workbench 2 was the update that the Amiga badly needed and. Apart from a few bug fixes, it will remain the de facto standard for some years yet. After all. Replacing a ROM and custom chipset is neither a simple nor cheap exercise. Especially considering that the A600 is the low-end mass-market machine.
Some ‘experts’ might scoff at the thought of using a machine with an integral keyboard as a serious computer, especially when you consider the Olivetti Prodest or Amstrad PPC - neither of which succeeded in forming niches.
But let's not forget the huge market in laptop Pcs; although the Amiga 600 does not have a monitor, it remains a highly portable machine which can be plugged into any television, unlike the PC which needs a separate monitor.
PC systems get faster all the time and the latest batch is already hitting the 50MHz bar- The PC was launched as a business machine and is now trying to get into games. The Amiga was always planned as a multi-talented micro and is now proving it.
Rier in a world where 33MHz at 32 bits is already commonplace. By direct comparison.
The standard Amiga running at 7MHz with a 16-bit processor seems crude. But remember, Amiga software is able to use all available memory without any special restrictions.
Add to this the fact that there is no real requirement for the CPU to handle the display, or to control how many programs are running, and you have a very capable computer. It is precisely this technique (multitasking) that PC developers have been clutching for with the recent preference for the Windows graphic user interface over the CLI of MS-DOS. But, I* Although the Amiga 600 does not have a monitor, it remains a highly portable machine which can be plugged into any television, unlike the PC which needs a separate monitor99 unlike the Motorola processors and object-orientated O S at the
core of the Amiga, the Intel 80386 486 are incapable of true multitasking.
Any Amiga can multitask, and a program written correctly for one model will run perfectly well on any other. The one thing that has let the machine down to date is software - but all of that is set to change. Even though the C O major players on the PC platform such as Microsoft and Lotus don't regard the machine as a serious competitor. Amiga developers do.
The Amiga has managed to be considered a serious contender in the business market by creating a niche in areas such as music, graphics and video. In desktop video and multimedia the Amiga is dominating the mar- ket, with applications such as Scala and CanDo. These are excellent for combining graphics, text and video footage for in-house training programmes or business presentations at trade fairs. Not only this, but more and more professional musicians are using the Amiga for sequencing and sampling.
In the more conventional fields of business software though, the Amiga can easily compete with the IBM PC. Hot from the works at Gold Disk, for example comes the follow-up to Home Office 2, a suite of separate programs.
The Write word processor, a faster, more powerful version of Transcript, is included and now has a 90.000 word spelling checker.
This integrates with the Page DTP program - basically PageSetter 2 - to give a complete page make-up and word processing system.
Add to this the power of a stripped down version of the Professional Calc spreadsheet (now simply called Calc) and a powerful flat- file database (File) - and you have a force to be reckoned with.
WORD AND DOCUMENT PROCESSING Word processing has seen some developments in 1992. Softwood’s Pen Pal has dropped to £49.99: having been superseded by Final Copy and Final Copy 2 an internationally licensed version of the Pen Pal is available with a British dictionary and thesaurus.
Final Copy 2 is impressive because it brings the power of programs you would usually only see on the Mac down to an affordable price. Central to the application is the inclusion of ‘Nimbus Q' font architecture which enables the program to display and print any font at the full device resolution in sizes up to 400 points high. The program will ship over here with 20 styles from several font families.
Algorithmic bold and obliquing have been removed to give the program a more professional appeal. Instead, users can choose custom-defined italic or bold fonts, provided the family supports them.
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Offer true text flow. Protlrite uses the rather fiddly nethod of adjusting paragraph indents rfiile KindMords allows absolutely nothing else in the horizontal band containing a picture except the picture itself and Excellence treats a picture rather like an oversized character.
Left: Kindwords got its much needed update but it's basically a stripped down version of Wordworth.
Right: Pro Calc is an absolute gem, it's so easy to get the hang of, it's a joy to use.
Far right: Order is very powerful, but it has an awkward interface.
LEVEL [8 3] DATABASE U I i FORM SIM1ARY I I . ___ r t n rr i i 1 l LZ.VLL 1 J Database ..... Fornat Enterable Fields.... Auto Query ... __r i n ri o i CATEGORY SCROLL 1 Y
- -----1 LLVLL l j Database ..... VIDEOS
Fornat SCROLL Enterable Fields.... Auto
Query ...
- ------f level 3 1 Database ..... Fornat
Enterable Fields.... Auto Query ... 3 Y DESCRIBE FIXED 2
Y Harwoods is offering an ‘Amnesty Upgrade* to the official UK
release, although the price has not yet been announced.
The Disc Company’s Kindwords got a much- needed update to version 3 this year. Rather than being a re-code of the original, it's a smaller version of Diaita's Wordworth.
Although it is a cut-down version. Kindwords 3 inherits usability and user-friendliness from Digita's HIP system. It isn't clear why The Disc Company bought the rights to produce this mini-Wordworth. But it does that ensure users have a document processor on a budget.
Digita is predicting that the product will be a big hit. Managing director Jeremy Rihll says: 4 S_ • J "Kindwords 3 will make a major impact, after all look at its parentage ’ The biggest problem with Kindwords 3 and Wordworth is that Digita has used ROM rou- tines to handle the graphics work. This should ensure a high degree of compatibility with future machines but users with earlier models will suffer as a consequence. Wordworth is safe even on Kickstart 1.2 but it was developed on later 2.xx machines - and it shows.
Routines that handle graphic images (including text) are improved in Kickstart 2.
Floating objects (tab markers etc) follow the mouse easily on Kickstart 2 but play a slothlike game of catch-up on earlier machines.
Later versions should see all this improved.
Possibly the best thing about word processors in 1992 is Amiga Format issue 41. Why?
Because a complete and workable version of Scribble! Is on the Coverdisk as well as a demo version of WordWorth 2.
SPREADSHEETS This market has been quiet over the last year, with just two ‘power* spreadsheets released - and both of them are updates of existing products. Gold Disk's acclaimed Home Office Advantage has been upgraded and re-released as Professional Calc. The name change was probably not a good idea because Advantage was already synonymous with easy-to-use and powerful spreadsheets.
Professional Calc retains the user-friendly features of the original but has a redesigned front end. With a new toolbox. Arexx support has been extended, and functions missing from the original (such as FILL) have been implemented now. Also the Cut. Copy and Paste operations have been given more logical formats. Many options have been added to the graphics facilities, but the package still lacks the facility to display two different graphs on one scale.
A Gold Disk spokesman was unable to comment on the plans for next year, but did say that the company had a policy to upgrade products every year. So, a new version of Professional Calc may arrive mid-93.
The other power spreadsheet release was from The Disc Company. Written by Intuitive Technologies. Maxiplan has suffered from changing distributors and names. The latest version carries the Maxiplan banner once more, but at version 4 it seems little has changed. In retains the outdated interface it had in 1989. Maxiplan 4 is, in some respects.
* In the last year, strange things have been happening to
all-time favourite database, Superbase,., Rumour had it that
the Amiga version had vanished99 more powerful than ProCalc.
It’s certainly cheaper (by £30). But overall the Gold Disk
solution is easier to use and a lot more stable.
DATABASES In the last year strange things have been happening to that all-time favourite database.
Superbase. The original developer Precision Software is no more. Rumour had it that Superbase for the Amiga had vanished, but this was quickly scuttled by Oxxi-Aegis which snapped up the rights.
As far back as July. Oxxi was screaming from the rooftops about both Superbase Personal 2 and Superbase Professional 4 LAN.
Superbase Personal 2 adds yet more powerful reporting facilities and a mailing label editor to the original. Queries have been extended significantly too.
It seems strange to have a LAN (Local Area Networking) version for a machine that is perceived primarily as a games machine - surely a point more than well made. What this system enables users to do. Though, is to share data from PC and Macintosh systems where anyone machine is a fileserver and all others work COMPANY THE PROFILE (for Disc Company releases), Blue Cedar House, Marston Doles, Priors Hardwick, Nr Southam, Warwickshire CV23 8SS ® 0926 815855 DIGITA INTERNATIONAL LTD Black Horse House, Exmouth, Devon EX3 1LJ « 0395 270273 GORDON HARWOOD COMPUTERS New Street, Alfreton ,
Derbyshire DE5 7BP » 0773 836781 HB MARKETING (suppliers for Gold Disk), Unit 3, Poyle 14, Newlands Drive, Colnbrook, Slough, Berkshire SL3 0DX as terminals sharing access to the data.
Whether or not the PC-using crowd likes or even accepts this, it catapults the Amiga forward into the realms of bia-business use - and once there, it will not (and cannot) be ignored.
Oxxi President, John Huston says: “Networking of computers is the hallmark of today's corporate user... Superbase Professional 4 LAN brings the Amiga into this vital arena."
A brand new player in the database market came in the form of Order 2.1. Economically priced at £69.95, it comes from the previously unheard of South Hams Software. It's a powerful relational database (like Superbase) but takes a lot of ideas from Omnis 5 on the PC.
The Superbase series was designed for windowing environments from the start, and Order was not. This means that a new user has to cope with a weird system of rolling menus that should, by this stage in computing, be extinct. It is slow from floppy.
INTEGRATED SYSTEMS Mini Office is the new kid on the block.
Europress Software's Amiga version of this stripped-down suite of business applications is competitively priced at £59.95. Happily, a fair amount of time has been spent on the common interface (a few Workbench 2 idioms have been broken with which I would debate), no O O 5 Shortly after this launch, Micro Systems Software announced a hefty price cut for The Works, dropping it from over £90 to below £60. The Works offers more power and functionality, though the learning curve is steeper.
MSS used to offer each main module in The Works as a separate package - indeed Scribble is still available as such - and Organise (the database) can be obtained from a few dealers.
The latest version offers a menu-driven frontend accessing a w'ord processor, database, graphical spreadsheet and a communications system. Each one is a complete program in its own right, brought together they form a remarkable pack.
W 0753 686000 MICRO SYSTEMS SOFTWARE, 12798 Forest Hill Blvd, West Palm Beach, Florida 33414 USA « 0101 407 790 0770 GOLD DISK INC, Missisagua, Ontario, Canada « 0101 416 602 4000 OXXI-AEGIS, PO Box 90309, Long Beach, California 90806, USA « 0101 310 427 1227 SOFTWOOD INC. PO Box 50178,Phoenix, Arizona 85076 USA « 0101-602-431-9151 C" Commodore fjgjpfjy OK, here's the deal.
The Future Entertainment Show is the biggest computer games event ever seen in the UK. We've got all the leading names showing off big time - Commodore, Nintendo, Sega, Philips, Ocean, Electronic Arts, Acclaim, Psygnosis, Domark, Gremlin, Microprose and scores of others. Oh, and there's a video wall the size of a house and competitions and huge arcades and serious bargains and TV film crews and - but, hey, let's not worry about detail.
(Nintendo) All you have to do is be there.
Then we'll blow your mind.
Earls Court November 5-8 *1992 Helluva deal... Phone 051*356 5085 to guarantee your ticket (£5.95 for adults & £3.95 for under 14s in advance, or £7 & £5 on the day) It’s easier to travel by train. If you live in the Network SouthEast area, travel by train and avoid traffic jams and parking problems, jump huge queues and save on admission (Adults £5.95, Under 14’s £3.95), when you buy the all in One Mo’KaH’M‘1 ' Qoi lthp9Ct Day Travelcard Admission ticket. From any staffed Network SouthEast station. I ClWUlK OUUll lUdOl Can't find the right program? Why not just write it yourself! Mark Smiddy
explores a year of programming on the Amiga... Checksum 824E.Bt,» 02 4gm 824EBE6 824EBE?
Routi DESPITE COMMODORE’S EFFORTS to sell the Amiga as a games console, it has always been a true enthusiast's machine, just like the Acom BBC used to be years ago. It can turn its hand just as well to graphics, desktop publishing and business uses - any computing you want to try. Unlike the BBC.
Though, the Amiga has become the computer to have, a machine for the masses - like Sinclair's Spectrum and ZX81 before it - and where Sinclair produced a machine for the '80s. Commodore has a machine for the '90s.
But it is not high-performance hardware that sells a machine - it's software. The small number of devotees to the hugely powerful Archimedes compared with the massive mar- ket-share for the relatively modest PC proves that. However, someone has to write all that software, and software cannot exist without the tools to create it - but, thanks to the circular AMIGA FORMAT ANNUAL 1993 vast majority. Expert programmers often describe BASIC as unwieldy and unstructured, but modem BASICs like HiSoft and AMOS are anything but. Nowadays the charge is more often true of C. BASIC is a simple language -
as befits something whose full title is Beginners' Allpurpose Symbolic Instruction Code - and although it was originally designed with HISOFT'S TOO... AMOS started life on the Atari ST as STOS, a simple BASIC language specifically intended for games applications, with features like a specially designed sprite creator. According to its author Francois Lionet (pronounced ‘Frans-waa Leonay’), STOS nearly didn’t make it. “When we wrote STOS for the ST we didn’t market it right. I think we sold 50 copies! Europress took over the product and gave it the marketing muscle it needed.” The power of
advertising showed and catapulted STOS to the top of the software charts. Despite being a programming language in its own right, it was hailed as the best utility ever. Call it what you will, STOS sales have exceeded 35,000.
STOS’s unprecedented success gave Lionet the push necessary to try out the Amiga - and he initially wished he hadn’t. Recalling his first exploits with the machine, Lionet is quoted as saying: “The Amiga rs like a cat if you don’t stroke it in the direction of the hair it gets very upset.” HowIn a market where only the best will do, HiSoft BASIC lost ground with a simplistic editor and lack of decent system support - features enjoyed by AMOS and GFA BASIC users. Even though both those require a separate compiler (HiSoft BASIC is an integrated compiler and a perfect complement to Devpac)
it comes a poor third.
All that may change as HiSoft is set to release the product with a complete facelift. HiSoft BASIC 2 will have a new editor similar to that found in the acclaimed Devpac 3, plus Workbench 2 compatibility and, of course, more commands and more speed to boot. HiSoft’s David Link describes the upgraded version as: “a solid, modern Workbench 2-compatible BASIC.” It is difficult to predict whether this will be enough to compete in a market already dominated by AMOS, but with the Amiga’s renewed push into the area of ‘serious’ computing the time could be right. HiSoft BASIC 2 is due for release in
time for Christmas.
Ever, it’s just as well he stuck with it. Sales of AMOS - The Creator since its introduction in 1990 have exceeded the magical 50,000 mark. Comments Lionet wryly: “AMOS has always been very successful - more so this year. Amiga people are very fond of using their machines for more than playing games and I expect AMOS Professional will be a big hit.” What of AMOS Professional then? The product had not even reached the shops at the time of writing, but AMOS enthusiasts are already expecting great things. Apart from having many more commands (even the original had over 500) AMOS
Professional has a greatly improved, Workbench 2 work-alike editor. “I prefer the new editor to the old one,” says Lionet. “It’s much nicer to work with.” By early next year AMOS Professional will receive a compiler to bring the whole system up to speed. Another addition will be an Interface builder
- a separate utility to construct the text strings required by
AMOS Pro’s interface language.
But what about the A600 and future developments of the AMOS system? “The A600 is a toy - at least it’s not too expensive,” Lionet replies. “Atari has a great machine with the new Falcon -1 wonder what Commodore will do next? Whatever it is, AMOS will support it - provided piracy doesn’t prevent us doing a new version.” AMOS is not the only BASIC to receive a facelift. Although a well-structured, compatible and easy-to-use system, HiSoft BASIC has never received the acclaim it deserves. Overshadowed mainly by the huge success of AMOS, HiSoft scored over its rivals because it was 100 per
cent compatible with the original AmigaBASIC without the bugs. It runs a lot faster too.
Nature of the beast, tools for creating software are themselves software, created in turn with precisely the same sort of tools - we're talking programming languages.
The most infamous programming language of them all has got to be BASIC.
Although people talk about C and Assembler in hushed voices as if they had some mystical property. BASIC is an accepted norm for the LET'S GET BASIC... If you got Amiga Format Issue 39 you'll recognise this cover image and no doubt be well on the way to coding your own programs with the superb coverdisk giveaway of HiSoft's complete Devpac 2 assembler.
FTi la I Elia System Monitors Expansi Shell Prefs UBStartup Workbench 2 brought Arexx to a much wider audience, making it a language hard to ignore.
Beginners in mind, the idea has spread far beyond its designers' original intentions.
The whole point to BASIC is that it is a programming language that is easy to understand. Taken to the extreme, this implies that you can access everything the computer can possibly do via one simple command. For instance, displaying a moving graphic image on the screen should be no more tricky than displaying some text. The difficulty of these operations increases geometrically as the level at which the programming language operates decreases - that is to say, the closer you get to the computer’s own level of language - so something like BASIC can save you a whole lot of trouble. It’s all
too easy to give BASIC a nostalgic and patronising pat on the metaphorical head, but it has got a place in modem programming no matter what.
The future of any language is never certain - trends come and go all the time. You might be popular one day and forgotten the next - rather like a Stock. Aitken and Waterman track.
AMOS, which is essentially a BASIC in operation, is now king of the Amiga programming lansuases, but who knows how lon2 it can stay at the top? Someone may release a new- programming language which knocks AMOS from its perch - and the higher you get... Personally, I rather doubt that scenario - I suspect that AMOS will grow and grow.
Eventually perhaps the balloon will burst, but for the foreseeable future at least. AMOS's destiny is secure. The reason for this is quite mam simple - AMOS is easy to leam. Fast enough to be adequate for many purposes, and cheap.
Coming in a close second in the Amiga prosrammins lansuase stakes are 2oin2 to be r w w w w w w the more practical and traditional professional languages like Assembler and C. At the top of this pile will be the ever-popular Devpac series and SAS C. HiSoft's C interpreter could shake up that lot before too long though. Below those are the fringe languages such as Pascal.
Modula II. Oberon (all designed by Nicholas Wirth) plus other oddities like FORTH. LOGO and APL.
At the same time, let's not fomet the w Arexx influence. Mike Cowlishaw's stran2e w ‘king’ of languages for the IBM mainframes of years gone by has come to the Amiga in fine form. Translated for the Amiga's multi-tasking environment by William Hawes. Arexx now comes bundled with Workbench 2 and (unlike AmigaBASIC before it) cannot be ignored as a passing fad.
A lot of copies of Arexx are already out there and publishers have been quick to realise the importance of the system. Although it is admittedly a slow, interpreted language, the remarkable thing about Arexx is that it can be used to extend the functions and features of any application which supports it - and that offers a potential no other language can afford to ignore. If you were a betting man. You could put money on the concept that the next version of AMOS will not only include Arexx support, but will probably serve as a dummy Arexx host - now there's an idea.
ASSEMBLER COMPANY CONTACTS EUROPRESS SOFTWARE LTD Europa House, Adlington Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK10 4NP ® 0625 859333 GFA DATA MEDIA PO Box 121, Wokingham, Berks RG11 5XT « 0734 794941 HISOFT The Old School, Greenfield Bedford, MK45 5DE ® 0525 718181 BORLAND INTERNATIONAL 8 Pavilions, Ruscombe Bus Park, Twyford Berks RG10 9NN
* 0734 320022 & PASCAL Tools MonitorStore Utilities ion I *, o I*
Svsten2.8 57X full, 2662K free, 3491K in use Clurs Bits
Pictures Sys i flniga Workbench 1582992 graphics nen 0 other
nen Ml Ran Disk dI Workbench ISM OE VS.ID: Currently, LB: is
assigned to Bisk 2, iri INCLUDE: to Disk 4. Hut the script
s:insta31_floppy 35 descrthefl in the RE®,HE file to set up a
disk containing coHpresseS header files and vital libraries Ike
CoHPi er, Linker. Assehbler, Editor, and nany other tools
pracided vith Sas C can be naae resident. It is recoHHended if
your systen has Hore than 512K evtes of mar*. I.E.; resident
lc:lcl resident lc:ic2 resident lc:blink PCFCLI III by John
Tiebes - Copyright 19B7 Ihe Softnare Distillery 217
Livingstone Dr.. Cary HC 27513 3&: 919 -«3-7438 To invoke a nen
CLI. Hold the Je. T-ftTis; m and press e-z .
Ihe Streen-Saver feature of ?npCLI 131 viil blank the screen if there is no House or keyboard activity for 2 runotes.
Pc?lLI HI is documented in the 'Exiles' directory on disk 4.
Ihe Cc-rvlan console handler has been installed to provide comand-line editing capabilities on f,ev console .lindovs. Hstfu is a shamjcre product by Bill Haves.
|l«.,h'.prrd PiM tor t|,r (Vi m o o ft •••¦»- C hrt k «.
N .rr iih cv v' 1U Irror V V 5« r.i.M ».«¦«- fc* |u..rh r-iM.il St Pnnt Pp . **.»•. ’ . ' . I « I ».
Fj II 4 Pum r«**. 1 * hen ln%r l(*!r««r (7 P..n. Po-.l.l • . I I ii(4 l.nud - I • I fN nr * r *.
.1 ; *;* i pi . Ululp I rngthM iIpM.ap) YA do L 0.4 I.(••)«! I i I rft nr ;
* h.. I,’: Ol o.l I I SAS C: a traditional implementation of
the C language - and no, you don't have to join the SAS to use
it.
The lads at HiSoft have had a total brainwave and reverse-engineered C. Just as BASIC is classically an interpreted language, C is compiled. Compilers take time to learn and are tricky to use, so HiSoft has come up with an unusual and provocative solution: a C interpreter. This cuts out all the faffing around with the “compile, [syntax debug], link, run, debug” cycle. Well done, HiSoft, for thinking this one up in the first place, having the guts to do it and pulling it off. It deserves to do well in education and is a ‘must try’ for novice C programmers everywhere. It should be released
some time in 1993 - exactly when is not yet known.
If your idea of C is more traditional, then the launch of SAS (aka Lattice) C v6 will be good news.
Just some of the many new features: Workbench 2 support, improved global optimiser, message browser, on-line help and Amiga-Amiga cross development. SAS C should be available by the time you read this and costs a professional £320.
Few things are as mysterious to the average person as assembly language, but Devpac 3 does it best.
HiSoft’s Devpac has always been by far the best assembly language development system for the Amiga, and Francois Lionet is still using Devpac 2 to code AMOS and AMOS Pro - despite a brief defection to Argasm, about which he comments: “Argasm was fast, but it had too many bugs.” It still lacks a debugger, which is rather like driving a Ferrari without brakes... so Devpac remains king.
Sales of Devpac have exceeded 25,000 copies across the globe - staggering for an assembly language programming system. Devpac 3.00 was released in January 1992 to universal acclaim. The whole system was revised and updated with a new Workbench 2.0 look and feel interface. Several new processors were added to the assembler, the kludgey editor was replaced with a spiffing multiwindow affair (the only thing previous versions lost to Argasm) and the debugger was further improved
- if that was possible. Best of all, Devpac 3 is easier to user
and faster than ever before.
Pascal may never become the language of choice on the Amiga, but HiSoft's Highspeed Pascal is worth trying.
C, Assembler and BASIC have always dominated Amiga programming, but there are a lot of other systems that should not be ignored. Nicholas Wirth’s Pascal is one example. Borland made the language famous in the PC world with Turbo Pascal and now HiSoft brings the system to the Amiga.
Using Borland’s Turbo Pascal 5 model, Highspeed Pascal features a single-pass compiler with performance exceeding 20,000 lines a minute.
Code should be fairly portable between computers since HiSoft has implemented a graphics system based on existing BGI conventions. This gives programmers access to graphics without actually calling specific ROM calls. In-line assembly and a SAS C-compatible linker are also supplied, offering a vast range of programming possibilities.
The Debugger supplied is based on the powerful system found in Devpac 3 and, although operating at assembly level, offers unsurpassed power. A safe alternative to conventional languages.
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DISKS DD £6.50 HD £10.50' ) DISKS + BANX STORAGE BOXES 100%
CERTIFIED ERROR FREE 50 3.5" DS DD + 80 Cap Banx
Box 100 3.5" DS DD + 80 Cap Banx
Box ... 150 3.5" DS DD + 2 x 80 Cap Banx
Boxes . 200 3.5" DS DD + 2 x 80 Cap Banx Boxes .
500 3.5" DS DD + 6 x 80 Cap Banx Boxes ..£216.99 All
prices include VAT Free labels & free delivery
3. 5" Cleaning Kit .£2.75 Parallel
Head ......£8.00 Zipstick
Joystick ...£11.50 QS Python 1M
Joystick ..£9.50 Cheetah 125 + Joystick .£7.50
Black Cruser Joystick ...£10.00 ACCESSORIES JOYSTICKS
NEW AMIGA 600 The Wild, The Weird, The Wicked Pack.
A6001MB FDD Deluxe Paint III Microprose Grand Prix Silly Putty Pushover Mouse etc On-Site Warranty Only 6319 Now Including Superbase Personal J Citizen Swift 24E colour . NEW Citizen 240 mono .. Citizen Swift 200 mono .. Citizen Swift 200 colour . Star LC-200 9 Pin colour Star LC-24 200 24 Pin colour NEW Citizen 240 colour . st NEW AMIGA 600 fi0 MB HD X EMC RACK A600 1MB Trivial Pursuits Epic, Rome Myth Amiga Text WP Dictionary, Mouse etc & On Site Warranty Only £455 Now Including Superbase Personal 'NEW AMIGA 600 BCS PACK A600 1MB FDD Deluxe Paint III
Mystery Game Superfcase Personal Mouse etc On-Site Warranty 10 3? DS DD Disks Disk Box Mouse Mat Tailored Dust cover Microswitch Joystick Only 6889-99 J .£245.00 .£249.00 .£239.00 .£249.00 .£199.00 .£258.00 .£268.00 PHILIPS CM8833 Mkll PACK r v Philips CM8833 Mk II Colour Monitor UK Spec, lead, Lotus Turbo Challenge + 1 year on-site warranty + dust cover ONLY 6199 rAMIGA BITS N' BOBS A500 MB Upgrade £29.00 A600 1MB Upgrade .....£42.99 A600 2 MB Upgrade ...£115.00 A600 4 MB Upgrade..... £135 00 Y GVP Series II HC8
Hard 1 I Drives for A1500 2000 I GVP HC 8 II 52 MB ...£265.99 A520 TV Modulator ......£29.99 GVP HC 8 II 120 MB £395 00 . At Once Classic PC 286Emulator ...£119.99 .5 Cumana Disk Drive ..£52.9 J VP HC 8 II 240 MB .£615.00i All prices include VAT* Add 64 P&P add 68 2 day 610 next day Call in or send cheques postal orders to: BCS Ltd*, 349 Ditchlins Road, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 6JJ i I ORDER HOTLINE: fT_ B Tel 0273 506269 or 0831 279084 jj£ Access All offers subject to availability* Prices may
change without notice* EMULATION fTz EMULATION IS A technique by which one computer is imitated by another, and 1992 has been a year of changing fortunes for the limited number of players in this specialist field.
Let's pretend... equipped with the correct card, your Amiga can be fooled into thinking that it's an ST. And this opens up whole new ranges of software to you.
The field is split four ways: Three of these are (1) KCS in Holland which is constantly battle it out with (2) Vortex in Germany for the status of topdog in PC emulation while (3) Commodore sits on the fence and appears to do very little.
The fourth, much smaller slice of pie is dedicated to 'everyone else': Readysoft, and newcomer Utilities Unlimited both have Apple Macintosh emulators.
80386SX (PC-AT) In 1992 Vortex announced the Golden Gate - a follow up to the successful AT-Once and AT-Once+ 286 PC emulators.
Golden Gate is basically a PC card based around an Intel 80386SX processors running at 25MHz. With 512K RAM and its own IDE (hard disk) interface it sounds great, but at about £500 - without a hard drive or decent video - things start to turn sour.
Whichever way you look at it, getting the best from the Golden Gate is 2oin2 to cost real c- o money. For instance, most true EGA (Enhanced Graphics Adaptor) and VGA irauuurann;r,n"r.;rL m 1 T .I i" EM* t R a1- - - ¦ -c ft - (Video Graphics Array) modes cannot be displayed on a standard Amiga monitor. This means that you'll need a VGA card plus a VGA or multi-scan monitor.
Even if you shop around, this sort of kit can cost £400 or more. Interestingly though, a new piece of hardware appeared recently which claims to display VGA on a standard TV.
However, for a little more you can get the real thing: hard and floppy disks, Super VGA and so on, all built to your own specification.
There is little doubt the Golden Gate will sell during 1993, but in what numbers remains to be seen.
Much the same applies to Commodore's own 386 PC bridgeboard, and my guess is that financial prudence will force people to look further afield. Let's not forget the 80386SX is a 16-bit machine and has little advanta2e over the smaller 80286 apart from the option to support multi-tasking.
80286 (PC-AT) Here again the third-party suppliers have the jump on Commodore, whose own attempt at PC-AT emulation came in the form of the AT bridgeboard: a 1Mb, 80286 system for the A2000 series machines with just CGA graphics handled in software. EGA and VGA could be addressed with PC cards, however.
By 1992 Vortex had already announced AT-Once: an AT emulator which ran from the Amiga's own clock at about 8MHz and AT- Once Plus - a 16MHz PC-AT daughterboard with space for an 80287 maths co-processor.
Vortex's problem was. And still is. The software does not match the hardware in terms of quality or sophistication. Early in 1992.
Dutch-based KCS had demonstrated 16-colour EGA and VGA although the software didn't start shipping until much later.
123 ANNUAL 1 993 Vortex still lagged behind with only partially compatible (IBM legal) monochrome EGA and VGA. During this time Vortex coined a deal with hard disk experts GVP to supply a special version of AT-Once to fit inside GVP's famous Impact Series II for the Amiga 500 models.
As this was happening, the A500 was on its last legs as far as Commodore was concerned.
Progress, as with everything had pushed the machine into the realms of obsolescence.
The time-honoured tradition of throu2h- c soldered components had not proved reliable enough and the machine was replaced by a new surface-mounted design, launched as the A600. This put paid to the daughterboard mounting method of emulations used by AT- Once (and many other cards too) and almost killed a thriving industry overnight.
The A600 carries the industry standard PCMCIA slot which might support hard disks and some future variant of the GVP AT-Once
- but this seems unlikely now.
8088 (PC-XT) At the other end of the hardware spectrum lies the KCS Power PC board. Viewed by some I EMULATION (Tl THE CASE AGAINST... The first kind of emulation is software-only, like the BBC and C64 emulators available for the Amiga. Software emulators are almost inevitably slow and clumsy, simply because the programs for, say, a BBC computer are meant to be run on a BBC’s central processor: not on an Amiga’s 68000.
So the other option, as used by the Macintosh and PC emulators for the Amiga, is to use a combination of hardware and software, the hardware being based around the actual CPU of the machine being emulated. Since the code is being executed by a real processor, it runs at full speed. But there is still a problem.
Because all the rest of the computer, apart from the CPU, doesn’t match up (you have a PC CPU, but an Amiga everything else) the software is called upon to handle the interfacing and peripheral simulation.
The quality of emulation will, therefore, stand or fall by the quality of the software.
These problems affect different emulators to different extents. The most popular emulators are the PC emulators and the PC is probably the most difficult machine to emulate, because it’s such a mess: the PC has dozens of graphics modes split over several different standards, many of which are not directly compatible with the graphics handling that is built in to Amiga hardware.
124 Worse still, few PC programs follow the rules: most avoid the operating system and write directly to the hardware. And since the screen layout is also physically different, every byte written to the PC pseudo screen has to be re-mapped to the Amiga: and that takes time. So you are back to buying a real PC VGA card and you’ll need at least an A1500 to do that. Might as well, buy a hard disk while your on since most PC applications are hard disk greedy. Oh, hang it - why bother emulating these things at all?
ANNUAL 1993 KCS leads the way in PC emulation with its range of high quality boards. But where's the 486 eh?
As the poor man’s answer to PC emulation. In spite of being scoffed at as an XT emulation, the Power PC card has estimated world-wide sales approaching 30,000 units.
Commenting on this great success UK dis- tributor. Jack Kaufman told me: “It’s all there.
It’s simple to set it up, it has a good back-up service and it’s w'idely available...” But we wouldn't expect him to say anything less.
Happily though, the board is a fine piece of Amiga equipment, and well worth a look.
KCS’s solution is unique. Rather than relying on direct access to the CPU slot (which THE CASE FOR... Stretching the pound in your pocket by getting several computers in one is the name of the game: emulators normally cost less than the machines they are emulating. This is mainly because when you buy an emulator, you only buy the guts of a computer: so you’re saving the cost of cases, keyboards, interface devices and all the other expensive bits and bobs.
Software can be cheaper too. The most common emulators are for the PC - not because PC emulators are easy to make but because PC software is readily available and, with the exception of some high-end packages, quite cheap too.
Absolute speed of emulation is less important for most PC applications since developers consider an XT as the lowest common denominator. Unlike the A500, the XT is quite a slow machine with limited graphics - so provided an emulator can perform like a fast XT most applications will be perfectly adequate.
But the less obvious consideration is probably huddled in a corner of your bedroom office den (call it what you will) already: every computer occupies room. Space for the keyboard, monitor and the case of a second computer will require another desk, more expense and more redundant usage of valuable bedroom real-estate. By emulating one or two computers you get the best of all worlds in the space of one.
A typical Amiga could house at least two Pcs (AT- Once and Powerboard); a Macintosh (A-Max); a BBC Micro; and a C64. All for less than the price of an Apple Mac. And apart from those of us lucky enough to be ambidextrous, most people can only use one machine at a time anyway. Yep, you might need to swap files from one to another, but with partitioning of drives you can do that now anyway. So if you need to use another machine’s software, why bother using another machine?
Commodore didn’t recommend) or on the expansion slot (which was designed for the job) it used the ‘trapdoor’ slot.
The arrival of the A600 dropped most developers right in the mire. Most but not all, and especially not KCS.
Although the design of the trapdoor expansion has changed somewhat - KCS has been able to adapt its design to accommodate this.
As far as the emulation is concerned. KCS has always been way ahead of the competition. It was the first to offer colour EGA and VGA.
And although shaky at first, recent bug fixes have made the KCS PowerPC board much more reliable and more usable too. There's still nothing quite like the real thing.
Given the arrival of the A600 and death of the A500 I suspect AT-Once will start to fade away by the latter part of next year, although the GVP variant should be around for a while yet. A600 owners, who are looking for an upgrade path to semi-PC compatibility are limited to KCS’ product or a new machine entirely. Given the relative cheapness of the KCS card, this is probably the option many will take. This should also lead to KCS updating the software screen emulation to some variation of 256 colour VGA. Vortex. I suspect, will concentrate more on the Golden Gate, which is a true
bridgeboard and the only choice for power users with lots of money and limited desk space.
EMULATION - THE PROS AND CONS KCS might not have the PC market completely covered though - a new PC emulator is about to appear which could change all that.
CrossDOS 5, the latest commercial version of a popular PC file transfer utility, will include a software PC emulation (an earlier version also featured on the Coverdisk of Amiga Format issue 40).
The newcomer is Emplant - the emulation platform. Utilities Unlimited, producers of Emplant, has already caused a stir with its Mac emulation and promises an 80486 PC version before the year is up. However, Emplant, like A-Max and the ST Emulator, is sailing very close to the wind on the legal issue.
More advanced than A-Max II, Emplant allows full colour Macintosh applications but has not been developed to commercial release stage yet. It is not an emulator in the truest sense of the word - it requires users to have Macintosh ROMs. This in itself is quite clearly in direct contradiction of the 1987 Design, Copyright and Patents Act, and Apple will be within its rights to take legal action against anyone using it.
The reason no one has properly cloned an Apple Mac (or an Amiga come to that) is because the respective ROM-based operating systems are far too large and complicated. The PC on the other hand is far simpler, and clone operating systems by Phoenix and AMI are widely available. In the final reckoning, remember this: emulators are by no means an ideal solution. If you need to run power applications the only solution is to get the machine they were intended for. & COMPANY CONTACTS Golden Gate AT-Once SILICA SYSTEMS 1-4 The Mews, Hatherly Road, Sidcup, Kent DA141DX ® 081-309 1111 Emplant BITSOFT
6 Dorney Place, Bradwell Common, Milton Keynes, Bucks MK13 8EL ® 0908 666265 A-Max II+ ENTERTAINMENT INTERNATIONAL Unit 4-6, The Stannetts, Laindon North Trade Centre, Basildon, Essex SS15 6DJ ® 0268 541212 KCS Power PC Board BITCON DEVICES LTD 88 Bewick Road, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear NE8 1RS ® 091-4901919 Independent KCS User Group 6 Moorfoot Gardens, Lobley Hill, Gateshead, Tyneside NE11 9LA ® 091-460 7814 PACK: titles: £24.99 £24.95 £24.95 £19.99 £24.99 . £24.99 ______ £24.99 . £19.99 £19.99 £19.95 PRODUCTIVITY: PHOTON PAINT 2.0 £89.95 The recommended paint package GFA BASIC
V3.5 £50.00 A powerful basic interpreter _ TOTAL VALUE: £369.73 16 NIGHTS HOLIDAY HOTEL ACCOMMODATION Every Amiga 500 and 600 from Silica comes supplied with a free 72 page colour brochure with accommodation vouchers. These entitle 2 people to stay up to a total of 16 nights in any of 250 hotels with accommodation FREE. All you have to pay for are your meals (prices are listed in the brochure).
A600 + “LEMMINGS PACK” £299 INC VAT - Ref: AMC 0666 PLUS! FREE FROM SILICA
• PHOTON PAINT v2.0... £89.95
• ARCADE ACTION GAMES PACK £219.78
• GFA BASIC INTERPRETER v3.5 £50.00 A600 PACK £349 We are pleased
to offer the original 1Mb Amiga 500 Plus with built-in 18- key
numeric keypad and Cartoon Classics pack software at the
unbeatable price of only £299. The Amiga 500 Plus can be
upgraded, using any of the hundreds of existing peripherals
that are now available including the EPIC 'HARD DRIVE' PACK For
the more serious user, the £499 Epic Language Pack is based
around the A600HD, the A600 with 20Mb hard drive. It includes
challenging adventure games and software for the linguistically
minded! Details are shown below along with a list of the FREE
gifts you will receive from Silica with every Amiga 600
purchased.
PERIPHERALS COLOUR MONITOR 1084S INC CABLE 0Mb Hard Drive 20Mb HD STANDALONE WWW PACK EPIC PACK £299.99 £79.99 £25.99 £299.99 £79.99 £34.99 £25.99 £25.99 £299.99 £299.00 £29.99 £25.99 £19.99 £29.99 ?
£89.95 £229.78 £50.00 £89.95 £229.78 £50.00 £89.95 £229.78 £50.00 £775.70 £476.70 £299 £836.68 £487.68 £349 £1074.68 £575.68 £499 ROM UPGRADE RAM £344 £394 £544 RAM UPGRADES CODE DESCRIPTION RRP SILICA PRICE RAM 0560 CBM 512k Board -A600 £24.99 £24.99 RAM 0600 AMITEK - OK Populated - A600 £27.95 £27.95 RAM 0605 AMITEK - 512k Populated - A600 £37.95 £37.95 RAM 0610 AMITEK - 1uo Populated - A600 £45.00 £45.00 RAM 0501 CBM - 512k Board-A500 £99.99 £49.99 RAM 0505 AMITEK 512k Brd - No Clock - A500 £18.95 £18.95 RAM 0510 AMITEK 512k Brd -Inc Clock-A500 £23.99 £23.95 EXTERNAL DISK DRIVES DRI0555
SLIMLINE - 3'A' 1Mb - Ivory Colour £79.00 £54.95 DRI2956 ROCLITE - 3'i' 1 Mb - Ivory Colour £69.95 £64.95 CCA 6011 ROCLITE - 3'ff 1ms • Black Colour £69.95 £64.95 PRINTERS PRI 3700 CBM MPS 1270 Ink Jet Printer £149.99 £129.00 PR! 3230 CBM MPS 1230 9 Pin Dot Matrix £169.99 £139.00 [ UPG HOP ICD Kickback K'bd ROM Swapper | £24.95 £19.95 [ FREE! FROM SILICA TOTAL VALUE NEARLY £370!
AMIGA 500 Plus CARTOON CLASSICS award winning range of GVP hard drives which can also provide PC emulation, further RAM expansion, processor acceleration and extra hard drive storage space. There is also a wide range of other expansions which give the A500 Plus higher resolutions, more colour and genlocking capabilities.
ARCADE ACTION 10 Superb entertainment ASTERIX_______________________ CHESS PLAYER 2150... DRIVIN' FORCE ..... LIVE AND LET DIE...... ONSLAUGHT ... PIPE MANIA . RICK DANGEROUS ROCK ‘AT ROLL__________ SKWEEK ______________ TRIVIAL PURSUIT_________ £199 The new Amiga 600 uses state-of-the-art surface mount technology, for maximum reliability and features a 3'A" floppy drive, mouse, TV modulator and smart card slot all as standard. The innovative smart card slot accepts games, ROM or RAM cards (from 1Mb up to 4Mb) and will take advantage of many future new
developments. The very latest version of the operating system, Kickstart Workbench v2.05 is used in the Amiga 600 and its enhanced chip set facilities include improved graphics resolution, increased genlock support and the facility for up to 2Mb of chip memory. The Amiga 600 is fully compatible with the A670 CD-ROM Drive and Interface which will give it access to a full range of CDTV titles and audio Cds.The Amiga 600 is available from Silica in several configurations including a special 2Mb RAM upgrade optional extra - see the chart below.
• 1Mb AMIGA 600 + MOUSE. 3i£ Disk Drive, TV Modulator, Smart Card
Slot
• 20ws HARD DISK - Very fast, mass storage for progams and data
• DELUXE PAINT III - Award winning graphics and animation package
• LEMMINGS - Save the Lemmings as they drop into 100 screens of
danger
• MICR0PR0SE GRAND PRIX - Racing Simulation with all the thrills
and spills of the track
• SILLY PUTTY - The pliable arcade game of immense playability
• PUSH OVER - A game of puzzles. Can G.l. Ant save Colin Curly's
Quavers?
• EPIC - A Sci-fi adventure. Can you guide a space fleet across
the solar system?
• ROME - Your goal is to become Emperor in this role playing
adventure
• MYTH - Can you stop the spread of evil and question the
judgements of the gods?
• TRIVIAL PURSUIT (in 3 languages) - The great trivia quiz game
for the Amiga
• WORD PROCESSOR + DICTIONARY (in 5 languages) - For creating
documents
• 1 YEAR ON-SITE WARRANTY PLUS! - FREE FROM SILICA (see top left
hand panel)
• PHOTON PAINT v2.0 - An art package with numerous features and
special effects
• ARCADE ACTION PACK -Ten classic games; shoot'em ups. Puzzles,
strategy
• GFA BASIC INTERPRETER v3.5 -A language for programmers of all
levels AMIGA 600 COMPUTER WITH FREE! LEMMINGS & DELUXE PAINT
III PLUS! FREE GIFTS FROM SILICA WILD, WEIRD & WICKED The Wild,
The Weird and The Wicked (WWW) is the title of Commodore’s new
Amiga 600 games pack. Priced at £349. It comes complete with
Amiga 600 computer and mouse, plus a range of high quality
entertainment software. For pack contents, plus a list of the
FREE gifts from Silica with every Amiga 600, see the chart
below.
AMIGA 600 COMPUTER OPTIONS TOTAL PACK VALUE: LESS PACK SAVING: SILICA PRICE: PRICE OF PACK INCLUDING UPGRADE TO 2Mb RAM WITH BATTERY BACKED CLOCK ALL PRICES INCLUDE VAT - DELIVERY IS FREE OF CHARGE IN THE UK MAINLAND Tel: 081-309 1111 Fax No: 081-308 0608 52 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1P OBA No Late Night Opening Tel: 071-580 4000 Fax No: 071-323 4737 LONDON SHOP: Opening Hours: Tel: 071-629 1234 Extension: 3914 SIDCUP SHOP: Opening Hours:
• FREE OVERNIGHT DELIVERY: On all hardware orders shipped in the
UK mainland.
• TECHNICAL SUPPORT HELPLINE: Team of technical experts at your
service.
• PRICE MATCH: We normally match competitors on a ‘•Same product
- Same price" basis.
• ESTABLISHED 14 YEARS: Proven track record in professional
computer sales.
• £12 MILLION TURNOVER (with 60 staff): Solid, reliable and
profitable.
• BUSINESS + EDUCATION + GOVERNMENT: Volume discounts available
081-308 0888.
• SHOWROOMS: Demonstration and training facilities at our London
& Sidcup branches.
• THE FULL STOCK RANGE: All of your requirements from one
supplier.
• FREE CATALOGUES: Will be mailed to you with offers + software
and peripheral details.
• PA YMENT: Major credit cards, cash, cheque or monthly terms.
Before you decide when to buy your new Amiga computer, we suggest you think very carefully about WHERE you buy it. Consider what it will be like a few months after buying your Amiga, when you may require additional peripherals or software, or help and advice with your new purchase. And, will the company you buy from contact you with details of new products? At Silica Systems, we ensure that you will have nothing to worry about. We have been established for almost 14 years and, with our unrivalled experience and expertise, we can now claim to meet our customers’ requirements with an
understanding which is second to none. But don’t just take our word for it. Complete and return the coupon now for our latest FREE literature and begin to experience the “Silica Systems Service".
SILICA SYSTEMS OFFER YOU 2209921145 MAIL ORDER: 1-4 The Mews. Hatherley Rd, Sidcup, Kent. DA14 4DX Order Lines Open: Mon-Sat 9.00am-6.00pm No Late Night Opening LONDON SHOP: Opening Hours: PLEASE SEND A _ 64 PAGE AMIGA COLOUR CATALOGUE To: Silica Systems, AMFOS-1192-80, 1-4 The Mews, Hatherley Rd, Sidcup, Kent, DA14 4d7 Mr Mrs Miss Ms: Initials: . Surname: Company Name (if applicable): . Address: ...... 1-4 The Mews, Hatherley Rd, Sidcup, Kent, DA14 4DX Tel: 081-302 8811
Mon-Sat 9.00am-5.30pm Late Night: Friday - 7pm Fax No: 081-309 0017 Selfridges (1st Floor). Oxford Street, London, W1A 1AB Mon-Fri 9.30am-7.00pm (Sat close 6.30pm) Late Night: Thursday - 8pm Mon-Sat 9.30am-6.00pm A7=T MAIL ORDER HOTLINE SILICA SYSTEMS WS 081-309 1111 - ... Postcode: .. Tel (Home): ..... Tel (Work): | Which computer(s), if any, do you own? ....80F j E&OE - Advertised
prices and specifications may change - Please return the coupon for the latest information.
Repairs from £23.00 inclusive.
Free registered carrier pickup and return despatch for ultimate peace of mind, anywhere in the UK mainland!
Free diagnostic inspection.
Terms and conditions available on request.
All repairs carried out are covered by free 90 day warranty.
Fast efficient service, average diagnostic and repair time
- 24 hours!
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Any upgrade fitting, fixed price £15.00 inclusive.
Business Enterprise Centre, Eidon Street, .....| South Shields, Tyne 8c Wear, NE33 5JE.
ACS A Telephone: 091-455 4300 ELECTRONICS V HIGH PRICES
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E oe Personal callers welcome by arrangement E 0E All prices include V.A.T. and delivery but add £2.95 for orders less than £20.00 (Super 24hr next day delivery only £12.00 - 48hr delivery only £6.00) Roclite Drive Only £52.95 Cumana Zydec Drive....£49.95 Mouse Mats ..£2.95 Amiga Dust Covers £3.95
3. 5" 10 Cap boxes £1.00 Roll of 1000 Multi col labels £10.00
Re-Ink - the wonder product to renew your Ribbons with
fantastic savings...£12.95 Ribbons Ribbons....Ribbons Please
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Box ...£26.50 100 DSDD 3.5" Plus 1 Lockable
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Prices include VAT & Delivery.
Only 61 p each or £58.50 for 100 ® ?STAR OFFERS ? |® 50 3.5" 1.44 HD DISKS PLUS LOCKABLE BOX ONLY £34.95 100 3.5" 1.44 HD DISKS PLUS LOCKABLE BOX ONLY £62.95 SUPERB 3.5 HD DISKS 1.44 Meg
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£9.95 id BANX BOXES 1992 WAS THE year Commodore killed off the still sprightly A500 and reincarnated it in the form of the ‘toy piano’ lookalike A600.
Cut down seemingly in its prime, the A500's demise may have been the mercy killing which saved both the Amiga and Commodore.
More than three million Amigas were sold worldwide over the six-year A500 lifespan, a fair innings for any high-tech machine. But though popular, it was expensive to build and expensive to buy, especially in a recession.
The A500 had to die; the confusing variations in the breed - in the form of the A500 Plus - were on the verge of looking as embarrassing as Atari’s STE fiasco. The cheaper, more reliable A600 breathed life back into the Amiga, but at the same time took some of the character away too. The tradition of Amigas which you could expand to the ?th degree was lost.
Only the boxy A1500 (itself supporting the remnants of the fast-expiring A2000) and the super-fast, super-pricey A3000 were left to prove you could make an Amiga system to reckon with. But compared to the level of the A500 population, the designated ‘expansion machines’ were little fish - the A500 was still the thing to have.
So with the passing of the A500, we’re left with the diminutive A600 to carry the Amiga legend into the future. But is it up to the task?
Without an expansion port and instead a new (and as yet unproven) smart card slot, can the A600 really make as bold a mark as its predecessor in the serious market? Time will tell, but probably not at least until summer '93.
Meanwhile, plenty of additions to the range of serious packages and expansions continue to be made for the old A500. Software and hardware developers know that machine is still the one to support - most business users’ systems are based on it. Of course the high-end machines have a following, but not one large enough to dent the pre-eminence of the A500.
For the business user with an A500-based system, there have been some excellent new products which improve the Amiga’s position as a ‘business’ machine, but probably not in the businesses Commodore originally intended. Because the A500 is not generally considered a rival to the businessman’s usual choice (the IBM PC), it’s more difficult for it to cut much ice. But A500 users know that it’s just as capable with the right add-ons - there just isn’t the same level of business support.
That in itself could be a 2c od thing. The lack of a vast range of business software at inflated prices and of variable quality means there is a more streamlined, more dependable albeit smaller range available. Junk products just don’t survive on the A500, whereas they proliferate on the PC.
There are some excellent spreadsheet programs from the American big-guns Gold Disk, Can the A600 keep alive the Amiga's aspirations as a business machine? Neil Jackson, Amiga Format reviews editor, thinks the tide of progress should not be held back... The had to die 127 ANNUAL 1993 make it in the business world without relying on ultra-expensive PC software. An Amiga will balance your books and take a letter just as quickly, and often quicker thanks to its multitasking capabilities.
It’s possible that many people turn to the PC because of its hype and its ‘everything’s compatible’ myth (which we all know is impossible), and because it’s fashionable.
Even an Amiga-owner can benefit from the PC
- the Amiga proved its versatility again this year, thanks to
Commodore's excellent new “...no foreign format is safe from
the Amiga, and few of its rival machines can bridge the gap,,,
The Amiga can handle being pushed and squeezed into places it
wasn't designed to go, but conversely, it's difficult to
emulate99 386 Bridgeboard, which enables you to plug PC cards
straight into an A2000. High-end users can now take their pick
from most of the major ‘rival’ formats. With new programs like
CrossDos 5, reading PC disks on an Amiga is as easy as reading
them on a PC. With GVP’s new MiniSlot PC286, A500 owners with a
GVP hard drive can turn their Amigas into fully functioning, if
low-spec, PC-compatibles.
Even the Apple Mac’s territory isn’t safe from the Amiga now that A-Max 2 Plus is here.
It seems no foreign format is safe from the Amiga, and few of its rival machines can bridge the gap. Perhaps that says more for the Amiga’s flexibility than anything else. The Amiga can handle being pushed and squeezed though there are few decent accounts packages to help you with your profits and loss tot-ups.
1992 saw the introduction of Michtron's Personal Finance Manager Plus. An accounts package aimed at home users, but equally as viable for small business users. This type of business user is the most common - single- trader operations, often run from home, or a small office - and for them, the Amiga is ideal.
For them, the kind of low-cost, high quality programs like Europress’s Mini Office and Digita’s Wordworth prove that you can hang of it. The Amiga has always been a multitasking machine, and at a price that budding programmers can afford.
So the Amiga's been the mascot of many a first-time programmer. An easy machine with plenty of gutsy power. Why else do you think its closest rival, the ST, died so quickly? And now 1992 sees a new wave of programming software to help developers take the Amiga further into the future. If Europress’s Easy AMOS opens the door to top-quality, powerful programs that are as simple as BASIC, then Professional AMOS takes you right to the top of the stairs. HiSoft’s new BASIC should just make it out in time to be a 1992 product, and it also promises to unleash even more power from the dynamic beast we
know and love.
The Amiga’s a special machine. It may be changing and we may be getting a few jitters wondering about compatibility, upgradability and whether we will still be able to recognise our machine in a few years’ time. But there’s more life left in the Amiga. 1992 was the year of streamlining and consolidation, as Commodore tightened its belt to fight the recession. But the software developers and the peripheral manufacturers were still riding on the crest of the wave that Commodore made when it pushed the boat out in 1986.
Now it’s the A600’s (and the A4000’s) turn to carry on the Amiga tradition. It’s a rich one, where being different is normal, but that’s why it’s better than the rest. To an outsider, the Amiga is a games machine, but to an Amiga-owner it’s also a business machine, a programmer’s machine, a multimedia machine, a graphics machine - the works. Six years old, dead, reborn, and it’s still ahead of the more expensive pack. Life’s full of surprises.
Into places it wasn’t originally designed to go, but conversely, it’s difficult to emulate.
Is that why it's such a favourite with programmers? It’s certainly the best machine you can learn on. With the power of multitasking, which cuts out much of the time you waste waiting for one program to finish before you start another, the Amiga is way ahead of the competition. The PC's only just learning how to do it (and having problems with it), the Atari ST can’t do it, the Falcon’s got a lot to prove, and the Apple Mac’s only just got the Description Amiga A1500 Amiga A600 The Amiga W A1500 Pack 14.* I 1 LLLIaII1 The NEW Commodore Amiga 1500 Pack features a 7.14MHz 68000 processor
with §TS;(®L|j 1Mb RAM as standard |||s|[l| ~ (expandable to 41Mb T iECPSPJrEJr personal via expansion cards). * A M P It includes two 880K BbK:BBRH1 PI C
3. 5" floppy disk drives XT AT bridgeboard or Atonce Plus. The
tocohe -.. _~- Amiga 1500 contains tfi i B 1 3 co-processors
'’’ , 1 I Jr“) (Denise. Agnus. PjjjB T.i BRTIlJSWC- Paula) to
enhance j ,- ||| v [.ir r-fr f)g gaa I sound, graphics and
animation. It also **** includes 9 internal expansion slots.
Kf Interfaces include: Parallel - Centronics.
Serial - RS232, Video 1
- RGB Analogue, RGB - Digital and mono Composite, Right and Left
Audio, 2 x Mouse Joystick controller ports and an external
drive port. It also includes a multi-tasking WIMP operating
system, a colour palette of 4096 colours, high quality stereo
sound with 4 channels and 9 octaves and text to voice
synthesis. This package does not include a hard drive and is
available with or without a monitor.
Cr Commod Description The new super compact Amiga 600 featuring:
• Smart new compact design with built-in TV modulator
• 1Mb chip RAM memory expandable to 2Mb chip RAM with 601, total
memory capacity 10Mb RAM
• Industry standard smart card interface PCMCIA interface for
memory and peripheral upgrades
• Integrated industry standard IDE (AT) interface, with optional
2.5" 20Mb hard drive
• New Workbench 2 with Kickstart 2.05 ROM
• 12 months on-site warranty for total peace of mind
• The Amiga 600 is available in two versions, single drive and
20Mb hard drive
• FREE at home service Amiga 1500 Starter Pack Monitor not
included As shown with 1084 Stereo Colour Monitor Latest A600hd
epic langgage lab
• Amiga 600 Computer with 20Mb Hard disk
• Trivial Pursuit - 3 language version (Domark)
• Epic (Ocean)
• Rome (Millenium)
• Myth (System 3) Please telephone for price. Includes free 12
month warranty. Free next day delivery New Amiga A600 £279 New
Amiga A600 HD rioo Latest Amiga 600 pack Amiga 600 - The Wild,
the Weird and the Wicked
• Amiga 600 Computer
• Deluxe Paint III (Electronic Arts)
• Grand Prix (Microprose)
• Putty (System 3)
• Pushover (Ocean) Please telephone for price. Includes free 12
month warranty. Free next day delivery Same spec as the A600
but with a built in 20Mb hard drive v Description Description
Star Printers LC 20
Mono ....Ll y.o LC200 Colour
......£190 .0 LC24-200
Mono ..£218.0 LC24-200
Colour .. £275.0 SG 48
InkJet ... £226.0 Telephone for any
other Star printer price Philips 8833 MKII 14" Colour Monitor
• 0.42mm Dot Pitch
• Analogue and RGB Inputs
• Controls for: Volume, Brightness, Contrast, Green Switch
Horizontal Shift, On Off
• FREE Amiga cable included
• FREE F19 Stealth Fighter Software Philips Monitor Inc FREE next
day delivery Commodore 1084S 14" Stereo Colour Monitor
• 0.42mm Dot Pitch
• Analogue, RGB, Digital RGB & Composite Video Inputs
• Controls for: Centring, Height, Contrast, Brightness, Colour,
Volume, On Off
• Amiga Cables Supplied Commodore Monitor Inc FREE next day
delivery PLEASE NOTE FREE NEXT DAY DELIVERY ON ALL PRODUCTS
SHOWN (UK MAINLAND) SA TURDA Y DELIVERY ADD £10 HOW TO ORDER
ALL PRICES INCLUDE VAT We are not just another mail order
company here for the busy period - we are here all year, and
you are welcome to call and see us when you are in Blackpool
Come and see Blackpool Illuminations, "The Greatest FREE Show
on Earth' © By Phone FREE next working day delivery on all
items shown and for credit card orders over £200 placed before
3pm (UK mainland only).
Saturday delivery add £10.00 Sega Megadrive UK spec, with FREE £14.99 converter to play all import games and includes FREE Sonic the Hedgehog
• FREE next day delivery £129.
MU ©UR MUVERmm PRODUCTS MREUKSPEG, NO GREY IMPORTS Official UK Super Nintendo £129.99 includes FREE Super Marioworld
• FREE next day delivery In addition to computer hardware we
stock a full
* V- ; ' : : range of computer and games console software
including Amiga, Atari, Sega and Nintendo.
© By Post Send a cheque postal order with your order made payable to "Computaworld Ltd" and post to: Computaworld Ltd 174 Church Street Blackpool Lancs FY1 3PS © Visit Our Shop Our computer and games centre is situated in Blackpool town centre, where we would be pleased to see you. We are open six days a week, xMonday to Saturday from 9am to 6pm SWITCH Remember, when you buy from Computaworld you receive: Sega Gamegear includes Sonic the Hedgehog game
• FREE next day delivery
• Lowest Prices • £129.
• Full after sales service and advice • Prices and spec subject
to change without notice, check when ordering. E&OE UP TO 80%
BUY BACK GUARANTEE Within the first 12 months of your purchase
from us.
All you have to do to qualify for buy back is purchase new goods at the same or higher price as original purchase.
Example: Original purchase of Amiga A600 Computer £-279.00 Buy back price £223.20 New purchase of Amiga A600 Hard Drive Computer £429.00 Buy Back Allowance £223.20 You Pay £205.80 Buy back goods must be in pristine condition, complete with all extras as supplied on original purchase.
Fax 0253 23005
• Free next day delivery •
• Fully inclusive, no hidden extra prices • Product Name...
Address Postcode (n©MiiPwmw©mTiTi M 0253 291910 rr- THE
COMPLETE AMIGA SOFTWARE GUIDE There"s still time to get hold of
this essential resource for all Amiga owners. All types of
software reviewed and rated NEW! AMAZING THREE- MAGAZINE
SPECIAL OFFER Subscribe to all three Amiga magazines and get
the complete low-down on the Amiga every month for only £84.95
- worth £1 1 0.40 in the shops! Please note: free gifts are not
included.
130 BRITAIN'S BEST-SELLING AMIGA GAMES MAGAZINE THE MAGAZINE THAT TAKES THE AMIGA SERIOUSLY FREE GIFT!
Choose from one of these three excellent games or compilations, free when you subscribe!
Harlequin v R w ww vl ?' - *-* flmgL' A a. msi FREE GIFT!
Worth £4.95, this lovely Amiga Shopper binder is the ideal thing for keeping your issues of the magazine safe, clean and find- able during the year.
Surely the ideal way to build your collection.
SUBSCRIBE TO THE SPECIALS Get every bi-monthly special delivered to your door - that's six in-depth Amiga Format special editions for £19.95! (UK only]
* : , i . P : “r: : : 1 _ ¦3 131 ANNUAL 1993 Subscription Form
Yes! Please enter renew my subscription to Amiga
Format Power Shopper and send me the gift of my choice (tick as
appropriate) AMIGA FORMAT ? UK £44.95 ? Europe £74.95 ? Rest of
the World £104.95 AFFREE GIFT ? Chart Attack ? Harlequin ? Home
Accounts ? 2 Extra Issues AMIGA POWER ? UK £34.95 ? Europe
£56.10 ? Rest of the World £76.75 APFREE GIFT ? Chart Attack ?
Harlequin ? First Samurai Megalomania AMIGA SHOPPER ? UK £17.95
? Europe £37.95 ? Rest of the World £60.95 AS FREE GIFT: Amiga
Shopper Official Binder SOFTWARE GUIDE ? UK £3.95 ? Europe
£4.95 ? Rest of the World £5.95 ? 6 AFSPECIALS ? UK £19.95 ?
AMIGA FORMAT, POWER & SHOPPER £84.95 THE WORLD'S BEST-SELLING
AMIGA MAG Name_ Address Subscribe and choose one of these
pieces of software, or get 14 issues for the price of 12!
Chart Attack compilation Harlequin Home Accounts I Post Code_ Telephone number Method of Payment (please tick) ? Access ? Visa ? Cheque ? PO Please make all cheques payable to: Future Publishing Limited Credit Card Number__ Signature__ Expiry Date Amiga Format Special Subscription Future Publishing Limited Somerton, Somerset TA11 6TB Send this form to: Predator .....£699 Predator II ...... £9.99 Ram bo III ...£699 Resolution 101 ..£699 RolBng Ronny ....£9.99
R-Type £699 Run The Gauntlet ..£699 Shadcw of the Beast ...£699 Shadow Warrior £699 Sherman M4 ....£699 Shinobi .....£699 Shuffle Puck Cafe £699 Speedball ...£7.99 StargHder II ......£699 Strike Force Harrier .....£699 Stunt Car Racer £699 Supaplex . £699 Super Hang On £699 Switch Blade ......£699 Teenage Mutant Turtles £699
Thunderstrike ....£699 Toobin' £699 TV Sports Football £7.99 Vigilante .....£699 War Zone .£699 Waterloo ...£699 Wings of Fury(Amiga only) .. £699 WC Leaderboard ..£699 Xenon II .....£7.99 ST & AMIGA BUDGET TITLES UNDER £10 Eagle Software 118a Palmers Road New Southgate LONDON N11 1SL Gauntlet II .£699 Ghostbusters II ..£6.99 Ghouls'n'Ghosts £6.99 Golden
Axe ......£6.99 Hard Drivin' ......£6.99 Head over Heels ..£6.99
H. H. Guide to Galaxy .£7.99 IK+
£6.99 Impossible Mission
II ...£6.99 James Pond ......£699 Jet
SetWily (Amiga only) .. £7.99 Kid
Gloves .£5.99 Last Ninja
II ......£699 Licence to Kill
..£5.99 Lombard RAC Rally .....£6.99
Lotus Esprit ......£6.99 Manic Miner (Amiga
only) ..£7.99
M. Jackson Moonwafcer......£699 Moonshine
Racers £699 New Zealand Story £699
North & South ..£699 Out
Run .....£6.99 Operation
Thunderbolt...... £699 Operation Wolf ..£699
Pang ..£699 Panza Kick
boxing ..... £699 Platoon
.....£5.99 1 Meg Cricket (Amiga only)
£3.99 3D Pool .....£6.99 Afterburner
......£6.99 Altered
Beast ....£6.99 Arkanoid
II .£6.99 Baal
..£5.99
Barbarian ...£5.99 Barbarian
II ......£6.99 Batman The
Movie £6.99 Beach
Volley ....£699 Blood
Money ....£699 Cabal
£699 California
Games ..£6.99 Carrier Command £8.99
CeBcaGT4 Ratty ..£699 Centrefold Squares £6.99
Cloud Kingdom £6.99 Colossus
Chess £6.99 Combo Racer
£6.99 Conflict in Europe £7.99 Continental
Circus £5.99 Defender of the Crcwn £7.99 Deluxe
Strip Poker £6.99 Double Dragon I or II £6.99
Dragon Ninja ....£699 Fantasy World Dizzy
£5.99 F16 Combat Pilot ..£7.99 CHRISTMAS OFFER
10% OFF .ORDERS OVER - £75 (10 am -6pm 6 days) Tel: 081-361
2733 5730 (2733 Faxline after 6pm) CREDIT CARD HOTLINE: ® 081
889 9172 rr II ti TOP TITLES ST AMIGA Space Ace II
.... N A £3699 Space
Gun ......£1599 £1599 Space
Crusade £1699 £1699 Space Quest UUH.or
IV...... N A £2699 Special Forces £2699 £2699
Speedball II ....£1599 £1599 Spirit of
Excalibur £2699 £14.99 Steel Empire
..£20.99 £20.99 Stereo Master
.. £2699 £2699 Storm
Master ..£1699 £1699 Street Fighter II* £1699
£1699 Strider II ...£1599 £1599 Strike
Fleet ....£1699 £1699
Striker .....£1699 £16.99 Super Cars
II ....£699 £&99 Super Off
Road .. £699 £699 Super Space Invaders
......£1699 £1699 Super SWIV* ..£1699 £1699
Supremacy ......£1699 £18 99 Switch Blade
II ..£699 £699 Sword of
Honour* ..N A £1699 Take
2 ..... N A £6699 Tear Away Thomas
N A £1599 Tennis Cup 2 ..£1699
£1699 Terminator II ..£1599 £1599 Test Drive
III .... N A £1599 The Games 92 Espana ....
£20.99 £20.99 Their Finest Hour £19.99 £19.99 The
Manager ..£20.99 £20.99
ThunderhawkAH-73M .£21.99 £21.99 Thunder
Jaws ..£1699 £1699 Tip
Off .....£1699 £1699
Toki ..£14.99 £14.99
Troddlers .....N A £1699 TV Sports
Baseball N A £1599 TV Sports Boxing N A £1599
Turrican II ...... £7.99 £7.99 Twilight
2000 ..£2699 £2699
Ugh! ..N A £1599 Uroma
Martian Dreams* .. £20.99 £20.99 Ultima Underworld
* ...£20.99 £20.99 Ultima
V .£19.99 £19.99 Ultima
VI .£20.99 £20.99 ULTIMA
VII* ..£20.99 £20.99 ULTIMATE
RIDE £699 £699 UMS
II .....£2699 £2699 UMS II Planet
Editor* ......£20.99 £20.99 Untouchables ..
£699 £699 Uridium II* ...N A £17.99
Utopia .....£20.99 £20.99 Utopia New
World .....£11.99 £11.99 Vengeance of ExcaD ....
N A £1299 Video Kid .£1599 £1599
Viking Fields of Conquest.. £1699 £1699
Votfied .....£10.99 £10.99 Vroom
.....£16.99 £1699 White Death (1 Meg)
.£1299 £1299 Wild Wheels ....£14.99
£7.99 Willy Beamish* N A £2699 Wing
Commander I * N A £19.99 WrzKid
...£1599 £1599 Wolf Child
......£1699 £1699 World Championship Boxing
£699 £6.99
W. W.F ....£15.99 £1599
W. W.F. II .£15.99 £1599
Zool ..£1699 £1699 TOPTfTLES ST
AMIGA Mouse (Swrtchable) £14.99 £14.99 Myth
£1699 £1699 Narc
..£699 £699 Navy Seals
....£1599 £1599
N. Manse! World Champ .. £20.99 £20.99 ORBITUS
......£1299 £1299 Ork
..£1599 £15.99
Outlanders* . N A £19.99 Pacific
Islands - T.Yankee ll£20.99 £20.99 Paperboy II
....£1699 £&99 Parasol
Stars ..£1599 £1599 Perfect
General .. N A £20.99 PGA Golf Tour
+ .. N A £20.99 PGA Courses Disk
N A £10.99 Pinball Dreams N A £1599 Pinball
Dreams II* .. N A £1699
Prtfighter . £9.99 £9.99 Plan 9 Outer
Space £20.99 £20.99 Plotting ...£1599
£1599 Populous II (1 or 0.5 Meg) £20.99 £20.99
Premiere ..... N A £20.99 Prince of
Persia ..£15.99 £1599 Pro
Flight .£30.99 £30.99 Pro Tennis
Tour £699 £699 Project
X .£1699 £1699
PushOver ......£15.99 £15.99
Puzznic ... £699 £6.99 QUEST AND GLORY
......£20.99 £20.99 Railroad Tycoon ..£2699 £2699
Rainbow Islands .. £699 £699
R. B.I. 2 Baseball £1599 £1599 Realms
...£20.99 £20.99 Red
Zone .£1599 £1599 Rise of the
Dragon N A £24.99 Risky
Woods ..£1699 £16.99 Robin
Hood ....£1699 £16.99 Robocod
.£15.99 £1599 Robocop
. £699 £6.99 Robocop
II ......£14.99 £14.99 Robocop III
....£1699 £1699 Robo
Sports* ...... N A £2699 Rod
Land .£16.99 £1699
Rookies* .£17.99 £17.99 ST AMIGA ST
AMIGA TOP TITLES ST AMIGA TOPTfTLES TOPTrTLES A50CL 1M
Hoi .. N A Home Atone
.... N A Home Alone Colouring Book * N A
Hook £1599 Hudson Hawk
£1599
I. Bothams Cricket £19.99 Indy
Heat .£1699 International Sports ChalL
£1699 Ishar* Legend Fortress .... £20.99 Jack
NicklaiisUnlifn'rted Clip. N A JaguarXJ220
£1699 Jim Power * .. £1699
J. Khan Squash £699
J. White s Whirlwind £1699
J. Barnes (1 Meg) £1599
J. Madden's Football N A KGB * .....
£20.99 £1599 £2699 £14.99 £1599 £1599 £19.99 £1699 £1699
£20.99 £10.99 £1699 £1699 £699 £1699 £1599 £1699 £20.99 £1599
£14.99 £1699 £9.99 £1699 £11.99 £699 £2299 £26.99 £19.99 £2699
£7.99 £1699 £15.99 £1699 £19.99 £25.99 .. N A £14.99 £25.99
£2699 £1599 £21.99 £1699 £15.99 £20.99 £2699 £16.99 £1299
£1699 £16.99 £19.99 £19.99 £15.99 £1599 £1699 £1699 £16.99
£20.99 £11.99 £1699 £2699 £6.99 £23.99 £1699 £23.99 £19.99
£15.99 £25.99 Cover Girl Poker N A £1699
Covert Action £2699 £2699 Crazy Cars
III £1699 £1699 Cruise for a Corpse £17.99
£17.99 Curse of the Enchanter N A £2699
Darkmere ...... £1699 £1699 Dark Queen of
Krynn ..... N A £2299 Das
Boot ..... N A £11.99 Days of
Thunder £1299 £699
Delverance .... £15.99 £1599
D Generation .. £11.99 £11.99 Disciples of
Steel ..... £17.99 £17.99 Double Dragon III
..... £1699 £1699 Dreadnoughts £2299
£2299 Duel .. £699 £699
Dune £19.99 £19.99 Dungeon I
Chaos £19.99 £19.99 Dyna Blast
.... £20.99 £20.99 Ewira Mistress Dark
. £21.99 £21.99 Elvira II - Cerberus ... £2699
£2699 Epic £19.99 £19.99 Eye
of the Beholder ..... N A £19.99 Eye of the Beholder II
. N A £2699 F14 Tom Cat* .. £1899 £18.99
F15 Strike Eagle II ... £2699 £2699 F117AStealth
Fighter*.... £21.99 £21.99 F19 Stealth Fighter £19.99 £19.99
F29 Retaiator £1599 £15.99 Face Oft-Ice
Hockey £15.99 £1599 Falcon .....
£11.99 £11.99 Falcon Mission Disk I £8.99 £699 Falcon Mission
Disk II £699 £8.99 Falcon 3.0* .... £2699
£2699 Fantastic Vcyage £1699 £1699 Fate of
Atlantis (Adv) * ...... N A £17.99 Fate of Atlantis (Arc)* N A
£17.99
F. of Free Traders £699 £699 Final Blow ......
£1699 £1699 Final Fight ...... £1699 £1699
Fire and Ice .... £1599 £1599 First
Samu MegaLoMan.... £20.99 £20.99 FireStone HD
Scenery ... N A £1699 Flashback * ..
£1699 £1699 Fsght of the Intruder . £14.99 £1699 Floor
13 . £19.99 £19.99 Football
Crazy £1699 £1699 Football Manager III
. £14.99 £14.99 Free DC .....
N A £1699 Gauntlet III .... £1699 £1299
Global Effect .. £1699 £1699 Gobliins
, £1699 £1699
Gods £1699 £1699 Go for
Gold ...... £699 £8.99 Golden
Shot .. £1699 £1699 G Gooch Cricket*
... £21.99 £21.99 Graham Taylor .. £1599
£1599 Grand Prix (Formula) £2699 £2699
Gunship2000* .. £21.99 £21.99 Guy
Spy ..... N A £20.99 Hagar the
Horrible ..... N A £15.99 Hard Drivin
II .. £15.99 £1299 Harlequin
...... £1699 £1699 Harpoon (1
Meg) N A £19.99
Heimdall . £2699 £2699 Hero's Quest
(Grem) £1699 £1699 Hill Street Blues £1599
£1599 N A A6001 MegUpgfade + clock .. N A
0. 5 Meg Upgrade + clock N A
W. Series Cricket N A 3D Construction Kit II * ....
£3699 4D Sports Boxing N A 4D Sports
Driving .. N A
A-Train* ..... N A Action
Stations .. £1299 AddamsFamiy ..
£1699 Agony ..... £15.99 Air
Support .... £1599 Aliens III
* ...... £1699 A Maclean's Pool .....
£17.99 AMNIOS . £1599 Amos
(Easy) ...... N A Amos 3D
... N A Amos Com
pier .. N A Amos The Creator ..
N A Another World £17.99
Apidga ... £1699
Aquaventura .N A Armourgeddon
.. £15.99 Armourgeddon Upgrade * £10.99 Ashes
erf Empire £20.99
A. T.A.C. * ...... £23.99 ATOMINO
.... £&99 AWSOME ......
£699 B17 Flying Fortress* ...... £23.99 Bane of the Cosmic
Forge N A BARBARIAN II (Psyg) .... £1299 Bard's Tale
III .... N A Bards Tale Trilogy *
N A BAT. II . £2299
Battle Chess II ...... N A Battle
Isle ...... £1699 Battle Isle Data
Disc ..... N A BATTLE MASTER N A Battle
Toads* £1699 Big Run
. £1699 Birds of
Prey ...... N A Black
Crypt ...... N A Blue Max
...... £19.99 Bountiful HD
S »nery .....N A Buck Rogers .. £19.99
Buck Rogers II ....N A
Cadaver . £1699 Cadaver - the pay off
£10.99 Captive ... £15.99 Carl Lewis
Challenge .... £15.99 CARTHAGE .... N A Carve
Up ...... £7.99
Castles ... £1699 Castle of Dr Brain
* ..N A Chaos Engine £1699
Chase HQ ...... £699 Chase HQ
II .. £14.99 Chuck Rock
.... £7.99 Civiisation
.... £23.99
C. Y's Air Com bat £20.99 Codename Assassin ..... N A
Codename Ice Man £1299 Cool Croc Twins £1699
Cool World* .N A ConfSct
Korea ......N A Contraptions
* ......N A £39.99 £49.99 £25.99 £14.99 £3699
£11.99 £11.99 £30.99 £1299 £1699 £15.99 £15.99 £1699 £17.99
£1299 £23.99 £23.99 £19.99 £36.99 £17.99 £1699 £13.99 £15.99
£10.99 £20.99 £23.99 £699 £699 £23.99 £24.99 £14.99 £699
£19.99 £2299 £1699 £1699 £13.99 £11.99 £1699 £1699 £23.99
£1699 £11.99 £1699 £19.99 £20.99 £1699 £10.99 £15.99 £15.99
£7.99 £7.99 £1699 £17.99 £1699 £699 £14.99 £7.99 £23.99 £20.99
£1699 N A £1699 £1699 £2699 £1699 Kick Off II (1 Meg) £1599
Kick Off II .5 Meg) ..... N A Kick Off
III* .... £1699 ing Kid Gloves
II ..£1699 Killing Cloud ..
£11.99 KILLING GAME SHOW.... £15.99 Kings Quest IV
.. £1299 Kings Quest V .... N A
Knight Mare + Hint Book .. £19.99 Knight of the
Sky £2699 Last Ninja III
....£7.99 Lawn Mower Man * ... £1699
Leander ... £15.99 LeathalWeapon III*
. £1699 Legend + Hint Book . £19.99 Leoends of
Valour * ... £25.99 Leisure Suit Larry I £1299 Leisure
Suit Larry II £14.99 Leisure Suit Larry III . £25.99
Leisure Suit Larry V ..... N A
Lemmings ...... £15.99 Lemmings II*
£21.99 Lemmings - Data Disk £1699
Lemmings-Stand Alone .. £15.99 Life and Death
II .. N A Links HD ...
N A Liquid Kids .... £1699 lost
Patrol ...... £15.99 Lotus Turbo Challenge II
.. £1699 Lotus Turbo Challenge III* £1699 Lure of the
Temptress £19.99 M1 Tank Platoon £19.99 Magic
Pockets £1599 Man Utd.
Europe £1599
M. Drtka Ultimate Football* £1699 Mega Fortress
£19.99 Mega Sports .. £1699 MegatraveHer
II .. £20.99 Mercenaiy III ..
£11.99 Merchant Colony £1699 Microprose Golf ..
£2699 Midnight Resistance £699 Midwinter
II .... £2699 Mig 29 Fulcrum ..
£1699 Might of Magic III .. N A
Moonstone ...... £19.99 Monkey
Island £15.99 Monkey Island II
.. N A R-Type II .£14.99
£14.99 Rugby World Cup £15.99 £1599
R. V.F. Honda .. £699 £699 Sabre
Team ....£1699 £1699 Savage Empire
.. N A £2299 Secret Stoer Blues
...£21.99 £21.99 Secret WeapLuft* £19.99 £19.99
Sensible Soccer 1.1 ...£1699 £1699
Shadowlands ..£20.99 £20.99 SHADOW BEAST II
.£1299 £1299 Shadow of the Beast III . N A
£19.99 Shadow Worlds ..£1699 £1699 Shoot em up
Con. Kit £7.99 £7.99 Shuttle the Sim ..£20.99
£20.99 Silent Service II ..£2699 £2699 Sim
Ant N A £2299 Sim Earth
......£20.99 £20.99
Simpsons .£15.99 £15.99
Sleepwalker* ..£15.99 £15.99 Smash
TV ......£15.99 £15.99 Snow
Bros ......£1699 £16.99 Soccer
Kid ......£16.99 £1699 Space 1889
....£20.99 £20.99 RAVING MAD only £18.99
Mega twins, Rodland, Robocod NINJA COLLECTION only £1699
D. Dragon, Shadow Warrior, D. Nin a BITMAP BROS VOL 2 * only
£1699 Xenon II, Speedball II, Gods, Magic Pockets BITMAP
BROTHERS VOL1 only £1699 Xenon, Cadaver and Speedball II MIND
GAMES only £14.99 Austwltz, Waterloo, and Corflict in Europe
FLIGHT COMMAND only £14.99 Eliminator, Strfce Force Harrier,
Lancaster, Sky Fox and Sky Chase DOUBLE DOUBLE BILL only
£14.99 TV Sports FoctbaH, Wings, TV Sports Basketball, Lords
of the Rising Sun SOCCER MANIA only £11.99 Foctbal Manager II,
Gazzas Soccer, Football Manager - W.C. E diion, Micrcprose
Soccer CHAMPIONS only £13.99 Jahangir Khan Squash, Man Unted
and W.C. Boring Manager ACTION 5 only £19.99 Rick Dangerous
II, Ghostbusters II, Gunship, Super Ski and Hard Dfiring AWARD
WINNERS ONLY £16.99 Kick Off II, Pipemania, Space Ace and
Populous MAGNUM 4 Amiga £16.99 ST £1299 Afterburner, Double
Dragon, Operation Wof, and Batman Caped Crusader POWER PACK
only £14.99 Xenon 2 TV Sports Football Bloodwych and Lombard
Rally GRANDSTAND only £11.99 Gazza Super Soccer, Pro Tennis
Tour, World Class Leaderboard and Continental Circus RAINBOW
COLLECTION only £1699 New Zealand Story, Bubble Bobble.
Rainbow Islands MAX EXTRA only £17.99 Turrican II. ST Dragon, SWIV and Night Shit HOLLYWOOD COLLECTION only £1699 RoboCop, Ghostbusters 2. Indiana Jones Batman the Movie AIR, LAND, SEA AMIGA only £2699 FA18 Interceptor, 68S Attack Sub, Indy 500 SPORTS COLLECTION only £1699 Pro Tennis Tour, Run the Gaurilet
W. C.Soccer (Italia '90) HEAD TO HEAD only £26.99 Mig 29 Super
Fulcrum, F19 Steath Fighter STRATEGY MASTER only £20.99
Deuteros Populous, Hunter, Chessplayer 2150 and Spirts of
Excalibur BIG BOX II only £19.99 Back to the Future III,
R-Type. IK+, Real Ghostbusters Def of the Earth, TV Sports
FoctbaH, Shanghai, Armalyte Sinbad, Bomboozai TEST DRIVE II
COLLECTION AMIGA only £20.99 Muscle Cars, Calfornia Challenge,
European Challenge, Duel, Super Cars BIG BOX only £15.99
Captain Blood, Tin Tin on the Moon,Safari Guns Teenage Queen,
Bubble Plus Purple Saturn Days Krypton Egg, Jumping Jackson.
Bc6o, Hostages ACTION PACK only £15.99 Cosmic Pirates Rotor,
Mays On Safari, Eliminator, Fast Lane. Sherman M4, Hostages
Targlan.
Colorado SUPER HEROES only £17.99 Strider II, Indiana Jones, Last Ninja II and Spy who loved me 2 HOT 2 HANDLE only £18.99 Golden Axe Total Recall. Shadow Warrior, Super Off Road Racing QUEST FOR ADVENTURE only £2699 Operation Steath, Indiana's Last Crusade and Mean Streets BOARD GENIUS AMIGA only £17.99 Deluxe Monopoly. Deluxe Scrabble Cleudo Master Detective and Risk 4 WHEEL DRIVE only £19.99 LotusEsprt, Cdica GT4RaHy, Team Suzuki and Combo Racer Name: Please make cheques and P.O.'s payable to Eagle Software. P&P is £1.00 per item in the UK.
Orders under £10 please add 50p per item. Europe: add £3.50 per item. Elsewhere add £4.50 per item. New titles will be sent as released and are subject to manufacturers price reviews. E.&O. E. SPECIAL OFFER APPUES ONLY IF QUOTED WHEN ORDERING.
Computer _ Date _ Title_ Price _ _ Price _ _ Price _ _ Price _ 114 NEW SHOP NOW OPEN AT 120a MYDDLETON ROAD WOOD GREEN LONDON N22 4NQ.
SHOP PRICES MAY VARY.
Address: Postcode: Card No: _ Exp Date_ AccessQ Tel: Member No: Visa Q] Cheque P.O's [7 Free Membership with First Order Total
• Not released at time of going to press Totally brilliant, or a
huge disappointment? The AF team tells you which products of
1992 really got them going and the ones that utterly flopped...
THE LAST YEAR has been a great one for new products for the
Amiga. From games software to serious hardware, the developers
have brought us their wares, and Amiga Format has always been
there, seen them, used them and reviewed them. In 1992 there
were so many good products, we decided to compile a list of all
the ones which have been really stunning during the year - the
sort of games that have taken up most of our social lives,
graphics software that made our eyes pop out and incredibly
advanced hardware - you know the sort of stuff we mean. Here's
the final list... GORGEOUS GRAPHICS SOFTWARE 133 no O o DCTV
DIGITAL CREATIONS £499 At under £500. DCTV’s hardware and
bundled software offer a pseudo true-colour system - it
utilises certain features of the Amiga display to create the
large palette of colours in a different way to the actual true
colour systems. It also works with composite video signals
rather than RGB. Which some tech- heads may not like. But the
results are darned impressive and it works on a bog-standard
A500.
The paint package bundled with it gives many a 24-bit paint package a run for its money, and produces some results which knocked us for six.
Reviewed in issue 31, rated 90% PAGESTREAM 2.2 SOFT LOGIC £199 Packed with powerful functions for the serious DTPer. Pagestream 2.2 was reviewed head-to-head against ProfessionalPage 3 in issue 34 and. Although the latter was considered to be excellent. Pagestream was awarded the Amiga Format Gold award because it was as 20od as ProPage but cost £50 less.
Reviewed in issue 34, rated 91 % IMAGINE 2 IMPULSE £269 Imagine 2 is an incredibly powerful package which enables you to render images using ray-tracing methods and animate them, and output the images in 24-bit form. Only Caligari and Real 3D come close, but the sheer power, speed and versatility of Imagine 2 gives it the edge over the competition. Our reviewer Brian said that the package was: “Absolutely chock full with virtually everything you might need." Excellent.
Reviewed in issue 35, rated 93% VLAB VI .O MACROSYSTEM £299 Video digitisers come and go. But Vlab grabbed the attention of the Amiga Format team because of its high quality and relatively low price. The package offers vou real-time disitisins. Which means that vour Amiga will continually digitise the pictures which are being fed into it - whereas most digitisers will grab one sinsle frame and store it in memory¦.
J .Although it's not as good as it could be. It gets the thumbs-up because it isn't too complicated, and so its price can be kept low. It's very easy to use. And offers some great features - what more do you want?
Review ed in issue 35, rated 88% VISTAPRO 2 VIRTUAL REALITY LABS £69.95 On the Coverdisk of Amiga Format 33, we included a ‘Fractal Landscape Generator* program called Vista from Virtual Reality Laboratories. Although already popular, interest in the program soared, and so the release of VistaPro 2 in June this year was welcomed by many readers.
So what’s so special about a fractal generator?
Well, you’ve really got to see the results to appreciate how spectacular they are. The original Vista enables you to create some beautiful and varied landscapes in low-resolution, even using the special HAM mode.
VistaPro 2 not only enables you to work in much higher resolutions, but also in 24-bit true colour modes using add-on graphics hardware such as Harlequin and DCTV.
Reviewed in issue 35, rated 92% EXPERT DRAW HB MARKETING £69.95 There are loads of graphics packages on the Amiga, but one area pretty much ignored is structured drawing. Expert Draw is a quality method of drawing which works in a similar way to outline fonts in DTP packages, and stores all drawings as mathematical data rather than as a series of bits, or a bitmap.
The advantage of structured drawings over their bitmapped counterparts is that you can change the size of a drawing without leaving any jagged edges i as is the norm with bitmaps). Expen Draw is a great package to use for obtaining such drawings because it's easy to use, powerful, and relatively cheap.
Review ed in issue 35, rated 86% SCAJLA MM200 DIGITAL VISION £464.12 For producing simple graphics and text for presentations. Scala MM200 is the business! Scala MM200 enables you to manipulate many forms of Amiga files, such as graphics IFF files and MIDI- based music data, and arrange them into a presentation to suit your needs. It has many powerful functions for whizzy effects such as graphical wipes and animations. You can also control external devices such as laserdisc players, VCRs and MIDI compatible instruments. It’s a little expensive, and requires a heavily souped-up Amiga to
run, but for the people who can afford it, it’s the best!
Review ed in issue 39, rated 87 % HALL OF FAME fTz THE GREATS IN GAMES SOFTWARE... ...AND THE GAMES THAT DISAPPOINTED EPIC OCEAN 134 ANNUAL 1993 EMULATORS FORMULA 1 GRAND PR1X MICROPROSE £34.99 This game really took the Amiga Format staff, and most of its readers (see page 137), by storm in December last year. Glorious vector polygons, loads of options and incredible attention to detail combine in a game which is both challenging to simulation junkies and incredibly fast for speed freaks.
Reviewed in issue 30, rated 92% JOHN MADDEN'S AMERICAN FOOTBALL ELECTRONIC ARTS £25.99 Bit of a controversial entry, this. Neil argued that its colourful graph- ics and great gameplay make it a classic among sports simulations, but Damien declared that no American Football game could ever be called a ‘classic’. Much heckling ensued from both directions, but the final consensus was that included it would be, and indeed here it is.
Reviewed in issue 33, rated 94% £29.99 After more than two years in development, Epic was finally released in July to a universal panning by the critics. Excellent graphics and a great introduction don’t help an ageing sci-fi shoot-em-up which is unbelievably easy to complete. Maff called it: “A lacklustre game that falls pitifully short of its original aim.” Reviewed in issue 37, rated 34% MYTH SYSTEM 3 £25.99 Another game which was built up and hyped for several months, but failed to live up to expectations. A scrolling beat-em-up with excellent graphics and nice sound, Myth had poor
controls and displayed a distinct lack of originality. Not a contender for software product of the year.
Reviewed in issue 37, rated 58% A-MAX II PLUS READYSOFT INC £324.99 A-Max ii is a hardware software combination emulator which can be installed on to an Amiga (A1500+). Although till requiring the Mac ROMs, which are now freely available, the package managed to run every program we tried, including our main DTP package. QuarkXPress. It was a little slower, but not annoyingly so, and much quicker than Amiga DTP packages.
Reviewed in issue 38, rated 91% AQUATIC GAMES MILLENNIUM £25.99 This is the recently released follow up to the highly successful and completely brilliant James Pond series of games. After the second, Robocod, everybody wondered if the Games were going to be even better - but, sadly, they weren’t.
Reviewed in issue 40, rated 84% LOTUS 3 GREMLIN £25.99 Like The Aquatic Games, this has an excellent pedigree, and great things were expected. But it was too ambitious. The RECS facility which enables you to modify the race tracks was a nice idea, but it didn’t warrant a third game. Also Gremlin decided to remove the multi-player option, which we considered to be one of Lotus 2’s greatest features. The game also slows down in two-player mode.
Reviewed in issue 40, rated 76% EYE OF THE BEHOLDER 2 SSI US GOLD £35.99 A Dungeons & Dragons style role-playing adventure which pits you and a team of adventurers in a darkened tunnel, against monsters who are waiting for you around every comer. Another controversial entry, mainly because it’s a sequel and it doesn’t improve greatly on version 1. It is a superb game, but there was a feeling that it hasn’t got lasting appeal.
However, the continued interest from readers writing in to Helping Hand seemed to prove otherwise.
Reviewed in issue 35, rated 91 % CBM 386 BRIDGEBOARD COMMODORE £465 This is a powerful PC emulator which plugs into the Amiga A1500+. Fitted as standard with 512K of memory, it can have up to 8Mb for use by PC software. It’s pretty difficult to get it up and running, but once you’re there you can emulate away to your heart’s content, and you should be able to run most PC software. If you’re serious about PC emulation, this is by far the best choice.
Reviewed in issue 37, rated 86% £30.99 Another fantasy role- playing game, but this time viewed from an isometric 3D angle.
Your quest is to rid the land of Trazere from LEGEND MINDSCAPE PERIPHERALS GVP A530 HARD DRIVE ACCELERATOR COMBO GVP £749 GVP is well known for producing high- quality peripherals, but none is quite as incredible as the A530. For £749 you get a 40MHz (very fast) 68030 (powerful) CPU, 120 Mb hard drive, 1Mb of 32-bit RAM and space for a 68882 maths co-processor. An amazing combination which stunned us all, mainly because it plugs into an A500 to produce a Super Amiga.
Reviewed in issue 38, rated 94% EPSON GT-6000 SCANNER EPSON ASDG £1,175 The Epson GT-6000 flat-bed colour scanner, although expensive, was considered by the AF team to be a superb piece of equipment which is also bundled with a superb piece of software, compatible with the image processing package AdPro 2.
It was reviewed by Marcus, who summed up: “The image-quality matches that of other scanners, but its ease of use, speed and, most notably, price are without match in the Amiga market.” Reviewed in issue 38, rated 98% CANON BJ20 BUBBUEJET PRINTER CANON £299 For far less then the cost of a laser printer, similar results can be obtained using the relatively recent bubblejet technology. One of the latest incarnations of that technology is the BJ20 from Canon.
The BJ20, at around £300, is considered to be the best all-round printer on the market - which is something when you consider the competition.
Reviewed in issue 39, rated 95% evil, and find out what’s happened to the King. Not an original story, but a cleverly executed game which is easy to play and just as difficult to master. Lots of late nights the Amiga Format crew at the time of its release, and some are still burning the midnight oil.
Reviewed in issue 36, rated 88% MONKEY ISLAND 2 LUCASARTS £37.99 What a scorcher! If you haven't heard of Monkey Island then where have you been for the past two years? Several members of the team spent two-weeks solving the game, and it completely took over their lives. See what you thought on page 136.
Reviewed in issue 36, rated 95% SENSIBLE SOCCER RENEGADE £25-99 This is miles better than Kick Off 2. Controversial?
Yes. As you may have gathered, we like this game and devoted a hefty amount of time to playing it. After (Tp HALL OF FAME playing the newer game several times and then going back to Kick Off some of us (Nutts) found we'd got used to the speed of Sensible and found Kick Off too. Fast! Sensible Soccer is a superb footy game, especially in multi-player mode. The major let down is the fact that you can't trap the ball.
Reviewed in issue 36, rated 91 % WIZKID OCEAN £25.99 The second Sensible Software release to make it into this hall of fame, Wizkid is the sequel to the now aged (but still playable) Wizball. Nine out of ten Amiga Format staffies (well, Marcus anyway), described Wizkid as ‘weird’ and ‘bizarre’ , and it was certainly created by some of the most surreal minds in computing history. With incredibly colourful graphics and great gameplay, Wizkid goes down in the history books as, well, Wizkid, I suppose. Marvellous.
Reviewed in issue 37, rated 93% MUSIC GEAR PROGRAMMING MIRACLE PIANO TUTOR SOFTWARE TOOLWORKS £299 While the Amiga has enabled many nonmusicians to produce music, via MIDI sequencers, samplers and tracker programs, the Miracle Piano Tutor was the first of its kind to attempt to teach you the rudiments of music theory.
It also tries to teach you to play the piano.
For £299, the package is amazing value. Using the full-size keyboard supplied, you are taken through all aspects of music theory from basics to advanced levels. A great feature is its ‘intelligence’, which it uses to decide the speed and difficulty of the tuition - if you make a mistake, the program will make sure that you learn the point before it moves on to something more difficult. Superb.
UTILITIES Reviewed in issue 32, rated 93% KCS 3.5 LEVEL 2 DR T'S ZONE DISTRIBUTION £279 The original version of KCS was the first real attempt at producing a professional-quality sequencer for the Amiga. Although quality programs such as Music-X and Sequencer One were already available, KCS and the latest version (V3.5 Level II) are the only ones that are aimed at the professional end of the market as well as the amateur. £280 may seem quite expensive, but it is excellent value and it’s really powerful and reasonably easy to use.
GAMES HARDWARE Reviewed in issue 29, rated 92% CIVILIZATION MICROPROSE £34.99 There have been many god games in the history of the Amiga, such as Sim City and Populous 2, but Sid Meier’s Civilization has shot to the top of most people’s list of favourite games. It puts you in charge of new races of people on the Earth, from the beginning, when they have no skills and little intelligence, to the Space Age when they can send rockets into deep space. See page 137 for your opinions on this game.
Reviewed in issue 38, rated 94% ZOOL GREMLIN £25.99 A recent addition to the scene, Zool is an extremely fast-scrolling shoot-em-up cum platform game, which places a ninja from the Nth Dimension in six different worlds filled with alien beasties and a plethora of puzzles. The graphics are brilliant, with an incredible use of colour throughout.
And the gameplay? Well, let’s take a quote from Marcus’ original review: “Possibly, no definitely, the EASY AMOS EUROPRESS SOFTWARE £34.95 While the original version of AMOS, the amazing programming language for the Amiga, wowed us all at Amiga Format because of its great power and flexibility, some users found it a little difficult to use. The producers, Europress, realised this and so Easy AMOS was bom, a beginners’ programming language for the Amiga.
CROSSDOS 4 SILICA SYSTEMS £29.95 The latest incarnation of Consultron’s program which enables you to read and write to either PC and ST format disks using a standard Amiga. You simply run CrossDos, or install it on to your hard drive, and you can use a disk of a different format as though it were an ordinary Amiga disk. We were so impressed with it that we now use it regularly, and we also blagged it and put it on our Coverdisk the following issue!
Reviewed in issue 39, rated 85% LOGIC 3 STEERING WHEEL SPECTRAV1DEO £29.99 Very Heath Robinson-esque in concept, the Logic 3 is an amazing controller for all games which require an analogue input (FI GP, Mansell, F-15 Strike Eagle II and the rest). It’s basically a steering wheel, with no external support, and some innovative circuitry inside which tracks the rotation of the wheel.
Used in conjunction with the QuickJoy foot pedals you can really believe you’re in a car.
Not reviewed most exciting game ever seen on the Amiga, which is itself the most exciting computer ever. Which means, if I’ve done my sums right, that Zool is the... roll of the drums... the most exciting computer game ever.” Reviewed in issue 39, rated 95 % PUTTY SYSTEM 3 £25.99 After more than a year in development, and following a name change, Putty finally arrived in mid September to a mixed reception in Amiga Format. Like Zool it has stunning graphics, and amazing sound effects, but it’s more thoughtful than Zool, and slower to play.
It’s one of those games that takes a while to get into, so anybody who just spends 10 minutes playing it will not be grabbed. Play it for any length of time, though, and it can be incredibly addictive - as some members of the team found to their cost. Even though it’s basically a platform game, it’s incredibly original and playing it is both fun and challenging. Nutts reckons it’s the best game on the Amiga.
Reviewed in issue 40, rated 95% Although Easy AMOS uses a similar frontend to AMOS, Easy takes a much more user-friendly approach to programming, so even the novice Amiga user can get to grips with it in no time at all.
The superb manual, the ease of use, the low cost, the large number of features and the highly polished presentation go together to make a really incredible games creator.
135 ro o o Reviewed in issue 34, rated 92% DIRECTORY OPUS INNOVATRONICS £39 This is a real stonker of a program. As with CrossDos, many of us here in the Amiga Format offices use Directory Opus on a regular basis. It is basically a good disk and file management system which enables you to control all aspects of the Amiga CLI by using your mouse. Yes, it has been done many times before, but never in such a comprehensive and easy-to-follow way. Buy it now - we did and we haven’t looked back since.
Reviewed in issue 30, rated 89% CHEETAH BUG CHEETAH £14.99 The Bug was a revelation when it was released because it was a joystick that combined three great features of other joysticks all in one unit. It has ergonomic styling - you can comfortably hold it in your left or right hand, and operate the buttons and stick with the other; robustness and responsiveness - it’s tough, accurate and suits most types of game.
Definitely the one to have.
Reviewed in issue 29, rated 92% READERS POLL fTp £37.99 BEST GAME Here's the moment you've been waiting for: the results of the Amiga Format Readers Poll. Here are the products you've decided are the best of the year. And, you know, we agree with you... BEST GRAPHICS f FaMO pira s ralo. _ * 2 ' j ¦ if m 0 m AMIGA FORMAT Wm ANNUAL 1993 BEST HARDWARE UPGRADE GVP HARD DRIVE GVP Products saurus. A tad slow on earlier machines though.
PENPAL 1.3 SOFTWOOD HARWOODS £49.99 Incredibly user-friendly. An internal database is supplied, and there's a drawing facility plus IFF files are importable too.
PROTEXT 5.5 ARMOR £152.75 A no-frills word processor many consider to be the best on the Amiga. Extremely fast, with loads of facilities including a great spelling checker.
MINI OFFICE EUROPRESS £59.95 A quality suite of programs. Includes a spreadsheet, a word processor , a basic flat-file database, a graphics creator and a disk management utility.
HOME ACCOUNTS 2 DIGTTA £54.99 Easy to use finance manager, that helps you keep track of your spending. Tells you when to pay your bills, and works out your regular balance.
DELUXEPAINT IV ELECTRONIC ARTS £89.99 The most popular paint package on the Amiga, DeluxePaint, got better with the launch of this package. Not only does it enable you to work in the Amiga’s special HAM mode, but it will also perform special functions such as metamorphosis which are normally only found on dedicated graphics hardware.
DELUXE PAINT III ELECTRONIC ARTS £79.99 For years DeluxePaint has been an incredibly popular package on the Amiga, and Dpaint IIP s inclusion with the Amiga bundles has made it the most popular of all. Without a doubt the most feature-packed paint package (aside from Dpaint IV) on the Amiga, it’s a joy to use.
BEST BUSINESS i VARIOUS Great Valley is renowned for producing some of the best quality hardware for the Amiga, and it is especially well known for its range of hard drives. Available in various different configurations for the whole range of Amigas, these are generally a little more expensive than their competitors but the sheer quality of them makes up for that.
PHOENIX ROM SHARER PHOENIX £24.99 Because some older games and other software won’t run on the new Kickstart 2.04 ROM, Phoenix developed this little device which enables you to plug both types of Kickstart ROM into your Amiga 500, 600, 1500 or 2000. Once installed, you can switch between the two as you often as you wish, and get all the benefits of the new Kickstart while still being able to run all your old software. Great idea - from Phoenix - which has been really well done.
1MB MEMORY UPGRADE CALCULUS £25 Considering that it was only a few years ago that 500K seemed like such a mammoth amount of RAM SPECTRACOLOR OXXI-AEGIS £77.54 A fully-featured paint package that enables you to paint and animate in HAM mode using up to 4,096 colours. It’s a reworking of the earlier paint package Photon Paint 2, and offers incredibly powerful features. A viable alternative to Deluxe Paint IV.
PHOTON PAINT 2 JVUCROILLUSIONS £78.22 Now discontinued (replaced by SpectraColor), it combines HAM and powerful special effects to create great pictures and simple animations. Good brush-wrapping and light-shading techniques.
VISTA PRO HB MARKETING £69.95 Enables you to create beautiful and varied landscape patterns in any of the Amiga’s resolutions, including HAM mode. It can operate in true colour, making use of a 24-bit graphics card if you’ve got one.
For a computer to have, the sheer power of the Amiga has meant that it just isn’t enough for many of the tasks that you can put your Amiga to work on, and so most owners have now upgraded to 1Mb. An upgrade can be obtained for as little as £25, and will enable you to load far more software, such as many recent games, ie Civilization.
GVPA530 GVP SILICA £749 The A530 hard drive is one of the latest from GVP, and is the most impressive yet. Not only does it contain a 120Mb hard disk, it also has a 40MHz accelerator board with a 68030 CPU. Makes your Amiga bomb along like there’s no tomorrow, and it plugs into an ordinary A500.
A570 CD-ROM DRIVE COMMODORE CALCULUS £349 A long time in development, the A570 was originally meant to be launched at the beginning of 1992, but it didn’t actually arrive until September. The CD-ROM drive is a plug in box for the A500 which enables you to load CDTV software.
You can also play ordinary music Cds as well as the forthcoming CD+G (music and graphics) and CD+MIDI. Although the current level of software for the beast is fairly low, the stuff that is due to come out soon should be pretty mind-blowing.
The brilliant graphical adventure from LucasArts Games, which has received universal acclaim from critics since its release in June. Cartoon-style graphics, excellent interactive sound, wry humour and some incredible puzzles go together to form a game which it is impossible to dislike.
FORMULA 1 GRAND PRIX MICROPROSE £34.99 Most people, including Amiga Format staff, consider this to ___ be the best racing gSf game they've ever * seen ywo m0(jes are available. The first offers breakneck speeds with relatively simple graphics, while the second features incredibly detailed graphics with a slightly slower game. Brilliant.
R =tk tc Ctj READERS POLL ilJ-l £-Lli LEMMINGS PSYGNOSIS 137 SENSIBLE SOCCER RENEGADE £25.99 What a surprise that this is in the Top 10! Kick Off 2 has been most people's favourite game for the past couple of years, and although it's still popular many gamers are now turning to Sensible for their footballing fantasies. Great graphics and sampled sound are just two of its winning features.
£34.99 The strategy game many consider to be the best. You're put in charge of a race of people who you guide from their beginnings through to the Space Age. You must negotiate famines, earthquakes and other Earthly quirks.
£24.99 Released in March 1991, but Lemmings has remained popular ever since, and is without a doubt the game CIVILIZATION MICROPROSE which is most associated with the Amiga. Guide the lemmings as they wander aimlessly through different worlds, and use their skills to get them through alive.
ZOOL GREMLIN £25-99 Incredibly, Zool had only been released for about a month before our survey, and yet here it is - sixth in our list of top games. Supersmooth graphics, sampled sound effects and great gameplay ensure that Zool will remain popular for some time to come.
POPULOUS 2 ELECTRONIC ARTS £29.99 This God game was released at the beginning of the year, but still remains popular with Amiga gamers today. You play a powerful Deity, who controls the very elements of the Earth such as wind and rain, and must try to make all the Earth's inhabitants worship you. All budding megalomaniacs should kiss their weekends goodbye!
EYE OF THE BEHOLDER 2 US GOLD £35.99 The sequel to one of the best RPGs ever, EOTB2 is LOTUS TURBO CHALLENGE 2 GREMLIN £24.99 This game again manages to improve greatly on the original, with better graphics and more fluid control. The variety of courses has been extended to cover a w’hole range of weather situations - each of which is extremely realistic.
JIMMY WHITE'S SNOOKER VIRGIN £29.99 This game takes a new angle on the tired old computer snooker formula, and manages to create a simulation w'hich is almost perfect in every way. It has everything you need - fast, smooth graphics, a myriad of controls and realistic cueing action, and couldn't be more realistic without having Len Ganley standing in your living room.
Even better than the original. Beautifully drawn graphics, a great control system and excellent puzzles spread over 25 levels, make a game which will keep your cerebral skills taxed for months.
BEST PERIPHERAL BEST UTILITY no 0s o NAKSHA MOUSE SILICA £29.94 It’s been around for a while, but is popular because of its quality and its accurate movement. Supplied with a mat, holder and a copy of Operation Stealth.
CANON BJIO CANON £299 The predecessor to the BJ20, it uses bubblejet technology which produces a print quality that is very- similar to a laser but far less expensive.
PHILIPS CM8833 MK2 MONITOR PHILIPS £229.99 Undoubtedly the best single-scan monitor currently available for the Amiga. Brilliant picture quality and excellent sound definition set the standard for others to try to match.
BEST LEISURE CITIZEN SWIFT 24 CITIZEN £573 Let down a little by its price tag and lack of fonts, the 24 is popular because of its speed and reliability. Not great, but not bad either.
ACTION REPLAY III DATEL £59.99 A cartridge which enables you to manipulate programs stored in memory. Run your program, press the Replay button and save the current screen to disk, listen to and cut out the samples from memory or modify sprites from the program.
CROSSDOS AMIGA FORMAT BACK ISSUES A useful utility that enables the Amiga to read both PC and ST disks without the need for external hardware. The latest version, CrossDOS 4, is on Amiga Format Coverdisk 40.
DIRECTORY OPUS IN NOVATRON ICS £30 A superb disk and file management system which can be configured to the user’s needs via gadget icons and GB ROUTE PLUS 2 COMPLEX COMPUTING £79.95 A great route planning program which gives you the shortest and fastest route from A to B. It includes facilities for motorways, A and B roads, and gives you the projected fuel costs for the journey.
OCTAMED PROFESSIONAL AMIGANUTS £20 An incredibly powerful tracker program which utilises some nifty programming techniques to enable you to sequence tunes using up to eight separate pull-down menus. You can set it up to execute batch files, run Arexx scripts and launch executable files.
It can display IFF files, animations and text, and play Amiga samples. The word here is flexible.
POWERPACKER DATABASE DIRECT £14.95 A powerful file compression utility that compresses (packs) and decompresses (unpacks) files to save on disk space. It will also re-pack files which have been packed using other compressors, so making use of its advanced packing routines. Amiga Format uses it for crunching files on to the Coverdisks.
Tracks. Very easy to use, with a full sampling program, a sound database and a built in score editor.
AMOS & EASY AMOS EUROPRESS £49.95 £34.95 AMOS offers the user a balance between programming tools and ease , of use which is unsurpassed on the Amiga. Easy is a cut-down version created to enable novices to write programs.
SEGUENCER ONE GAJTTS 19.95 A versatile sequencer used to sequence internal Amiga samples. You can record notes using step or real time, then edit them using the pull-down menus.. J I I r* r r r1 u V ...THE MAG THAT'S PACKED SOLID WITH ALL THE FACTS YOU NEED TO MAKE THE MOST OF YOUR AMIGA
- ALL FOR AN UNBELIEVABLE £ 1.50!
YOUR DEFINITIVE MONTHLY GUIDE . -r i PLUS: Business, AmigaDOS, Arexx, Comm, ListingsEducation, Al&C Read our reviews and tutorials on all the latest video gear and turn into a desktop director Name: HERKANO Magical Value: Rebirth, power ol Wholistic Cosmos Fruition of Will.
K eyword: Earth Mother.
...And don't miss our unrivalled monthly guides to producing everything from letterheads to magazines and books Looking for the best in low-cost and no-cost software? - then catch our regular six page round-up ...Find out how a few lines of code con make life so much more simpler
- it's a lot easier than you think Just sample our hands-on MIDI
and sequencing series and learn how to use your Amiga as a
recording studio Re-Size Copy Snap Interval Delete ...And be
amazed at what you can create with the minimum of effort - our
AMOS series shows you how There's no problem too tough for our
interepid panel of experts - just try 'em with a puzzler!
Explore the new horizons of the world of fractals ¦ ¦. T • - with this practical guide to makinq order out of chaos Ilf M C All the latest low-downs on IvL Ir If 0 the hottest Amiga stories , YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO AMIGA FORMAT ANNUAL 1993 ABOUT YOUR [WELL ALMOST...] Questions, questions, questions.
Well, we did ask you to send in any question you've ever wanted to ask about the Amiga all those many moons ago in Amiga Format issue 39. So the next few pages are packed with answers and solutions to your queries on the Amiga, CD and CDTV games, programming, AmigaDOS and Workbench, and even good old Amiga Format itself. Jason Holborn is the man with the answers to life, the Amiga and almost everything... Commodore and the Amiga Most computers have a fairly mundane life story, but the Amiga has a rich and fascinating past. From the letters we've received, it's obvious that you're all very
interested to know a whole lot more about it... Qwhen was the first Amiga home computer actually launched?
T Weston, Sittingbourne, Kent A The first Amiga that Commodore launched was the A1000, a machine that doesn’t look too dissimilar to the Amiga 3000s we have today. It was launched in 1985 and cost a whacking great £1,700 for a single-drive machine with a colour monitor. It came with 256k of RAM as standard (although later machines were upgraded to 512k), a separate keyboard, Kickstart and Workbench 1.1. The A1000 didn’t actually have a Kickstart ROM, instead it used a very clever system called WOM (Write Once Memory) that loaded Kickstart in from disk every time the machine was powered up.
This was necessary because the early Amiga operating systems were so flaky (it wasn’t until the release of Workbench 1.2 that the Amiga became a relatively stable system).
Technically speaking though, the A1000 was not the first home computer version of the Amiga - Commodore actually launched the A1000 as a serious business machine. When the A1000 all but flopped due to bad sales, Commodore dropped the machine and launched the A500 and the A2000, both of which were launched in 1987. It is therefore technically more correct to claim that the A500 was actually the first home computing Amiga.
Qwhy does the Amiga 1500 come in a box the size of a small house?
Haggis Harris, Montpelier, Bristol A The great advantage that the Amiga 1500 has over the 500 (and indeed the 600) is its expandability. Instead of having to hang everything off the back of the machine (like the A500), you can install slot-in cards inside the machine therefore saving a lot of desk space. As a result, the A1500 casing has to be big to accommodate all that expansion space. Most Pcs are bulky for the very same reason.
Ql bought an A500 Plus last January and I would like to know whether it is possible to upgrade the machine to an A600 or even the new A800 (if it exists!).
Chris Owen, Swindon, Wiltshire A The only real difference between an A600 and an A500 Plus is the A600’s PCMCIA ROM card slot which, I’m afraid, can’t be added to an A500 without having to perform open-heart surgery on the poor machine. I’m sure, though, that someone will bring out an adaptor that will enable the A500’s 86-pin bus connector to be used as a card slot.
As for the new A800, I’m afraid we still aren’t sure whether or not the machine exists, and I doubt it does, let alone whether it will be possible to upgrade to its specification. If the A800 does exist, and it has the dou- ble-A chip set and Workbench 2.1, my guess would be that it won’t be possible to upgrade an existing Amiga simply because the new double-A chip set is rumoured to be true 32-bit.
Qwhat will happen to the Amiga range now that the A600 has been launched? Will we still be using floppy disks in the 21st century?
Paul Ng, Swindon, Wiltshire A Commodore has already announced its plans for a range of new Amigas, although the specification is still (at the time of writing) unknown. My guess is that we’ll see true 32-bit Amigas with faster processors (’020 on the base machines and the ’040 on the high-end machines), more colours (chosen from a 24- bit palette), high-density drives as standard and improved sound (if not 16-bit, we’ll definitely get more channels to play with). Other than that, the future is still uncertain (cue Terminator 2 soundtrack).
As for your question concerning floppy disks, the simple answer to this is that no-one knows. No-one can really say with any confidence whether we’ll still be using Amigas in the 21st century, let alone floppy disks.
If Commodore continues its commitment to the development of the Amiga range, I see no reason why we shouldn’t be using Amigas in the 21st century though - however, I am quite sure that the machines we’ll be using in seven years time will be far more powerful than the Amigas we have today. Who knows, we could be using RISC or even Transputer-based Amigas in the year 2000!
J What is the specification of the new A2200?
T. LaBonte, Dunstable, Beds A Although Commodore has announced
that the A2200 does not and will not exist, there has been
speculation about a new, high-mid range Amiga.
Rumour has it that the machine is based on the 68020 running at 16MHz and it uses a 32-bit ‘AA’ custom chipset offering a palette of 16.7 million colours and a number of new screen modes including a VGA-like 256 colour mode. Rumour has it too that the new ‘AA’ Paula chip offers four-channel, CD-quality 16-bit sound with 8 and 16 channel 8-bit sound emulation with a Roland digital signal processing chip for greater sound quality.
At the moment all this is still ‘speculation and hype’ (as Commodore’s marketing people would say).
Qwhy doesn’t Commodore have Workbench in ROM instead of having to load it from floppy disk every time you need to use it?
Lee Reynolds, Sale, Cheshire A Workbench is held on disk simply because it is more flexible than having the whole lot burnt into ROM. If Workbench was to be installed into ROM, Commodore would have to release a brand new ROM every time a new version of Workbench is released (Workbench 1.3.2 is a good example of this). As it is, all Commodore needs to do is to duplicate a new disk and post it off to distributors.
I agree, though, that it would have been nice to have seen a little more of the operating system built into ROM - a couple of the more common CLI commands such as Dir, Copy, CD and Delete would have been a good idea as this would have made the CLI far more useable on a single-drive machine. Workbench
2. 04 has a couple of CLI commands built into ROM, but
surprisingly commands such as Dir aren’t included.
How about it Commodore?
Amazing Amiga Fact The early days of Amiga development were carried out in a room with no windows and very few lights. In fact the most light in the place came from a monitor standing on top of a pile of chips. The development team was so poor at the time that they were refused credit at the local bookshop, and O S supremo, Karl Sassenwrath, had bring his own PC into the office.
Qhow did they write the Amiga’s operating system in the first place? Surely you need an Amiga to write an Amiga operating system?
Simon P Locke, Dartford, Kent A Operating systems are rarely written on the machine that they are intended for. Instead, systems programmers (these are the people who write operating systems) work on high-powered workstations that can emulate the host machine. Once they’ve got the core of the operating system up and running, it is then streamed down to the host machine and then the development continues.
The Amiga’s operating system was written by a team of programmers working for a company called Amiga Inc (this was even before Commodore had picked up on the great little machine). Each member of the team was responsible for a particular aspect of the Amiga’s operating system. Karl Sassenwrath wrote Exec, Dale Luck wrote the graphics and layers libraries and Robert J Mical wrote Intuition (the Amiga’s windowing interface).
Qwill the 1.3-based A500 Amiga continue to be compatible with all new software titles now that Workbench 2.04 has been released?
Daniel Adkins, Fareham, Hampshire A What you have to realise is that only a small percentage of users actually have Workbench
2. 04 - the rest of the universe is still using either Workbench
1.3 or even Workbench 1.2. The simple fact is that software
companies (especially games publishing houses) would be
committing financial suicide if they were to stop supporting
earlier versions of the operating system. Because 2.04 is also
compatible with
1. 3, software developers know that by developing for
1. 3-based Amigas they can also sell their wares to 2.04 Amiga
owners. I’m sure that we will start to see dedicated 2.04
applications appearing eventually, but these will usually only
be very high-powered programs designed for Amiga 3000s.
Ql own an A500 1.3 and I intend to upgrade to either an A600 or an A1500. Which one should I buy?
KJ Roebuck, Amlwch, Anglesey A Which machine you buy depends entirely on your needs. If you intend to add a lot of extra bits and pieces such as genlocks, processor cards and hard drives, you’re probably better off with a 1500. This is simply because they are far cheaper and easier to expand. If you don’t need this facility, then I’d recommend you buy an A600. Question is though, do you really need to upgrade? Unless you really want Workbench 2.0 and the enhanced chip set, the A500 and the A600 are virtually the same.
Qwill the new 32-bit Amiga be compatible with the old Amigas?
Anthony Goddard, Oxford A On the whole, the new machine(s?) Should be compatible with the current Amiga range.
Unfortunately, as history shows, there’s always a few titles that won’t run on new machines, simply because coders don’t always follow Commodore’s programming guidelines. This was precisely the case with the A500 Plus - although Workbench 2.04 was compatible with
1. 3, quite a few titles that employed hardware tricks fell over
on the new machine. Serious software such as word processors
shouldn’t prove to be a problem, but you may find even more
games kicking the bucket under Workbench 2.1. Q Where did
Commodore get the name ‘Amiga’ from?
Simon Hughes, Eastbourne, East Sussex A As veteran Amiga owners will know, the Amiga wasn’t originally developed by Commodore. It was actually the product of a company called Amiga I Inc based in Los Gatos, California. When Amiga Inc Big changes are afoot, and the Amiga will be leading the way, so say hello to the A570 optical drive.
Q Q Q 142 Q ANNUAL 1993 Q Q A Although Commodore would probably deny it, the A600 was released to compete with the consoles. Because the machine uses low-cost SMT (Surface Mount Technology) components, Commodore was able to drop the price of the A600 so that it was more competitive. If you check the circuit board of the A600, you’ll notice that it is actually labelled the ‘A300’, the serial number for Commodore’s much reported console-beater.
Qwhat spec Amiga do you think we’ll be using in five to ten years from now? Will we be able to talk to it? Or rather, will it be able to understand me, because I swear at the thing already!
Dan Tarbit Gosforth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne A Speech-controlled computers are actually already available - indeed, there’s actually a speech-control system called VocRecOne available for your faithful Amiga, although I’m not sure if it’s yet available in this country. Simply by sampling your voice through a standard Perfect Sound 3 sampler, you can assign samples to any CLI script file.
A The simple answer to this question is that a high-density drive can pack more information on to a single disk. In the case of Amiga high-density drives (the Applied Engineering drive for example), you can store 1.52Mb of data as opposed to the usual 880K. Rumour has it that the high-density drives used in the new range of Amigas can actually store 1.76Mb. Unfortunately, though, high-density drives cannot use standard diskettes. Instead, you’ll need to buy special high-density disks which generally cost twice the price of standard double-sided, double-density disks.
Started to get into financial difficulties, Commodore stepped in and bought a controlling interest in the company. Amiga Inc was then absorbed into Commodore and the machine was renamed from Lorraine to the Amiga. Rumour has it that the original Los Gatos- based company was named ‘Amiga’ simply because it allowed the company to be listed before Apple Inc in the phone book!
What is the difference between a normal and a high-density floppy drive?
Leslie Hall, High Wycombe, Bucks Will there be a virtual reality unit available for the Amiga. If so, how much will it cost?
Alex Weiss, Bromley, Kent Why did Commodore discontinue the A500 Plus and bring out the A600?
Neil Smith, Dundee, Scotland A You could argue that the Amiga already has a number of virtual reality products available for it. Take Domark’s 3D Construction Kit 2, for example.
It will enable you to create and explore a universe within your Amiga in full solid 3D. If you want to be able to use the headset and data-gloves like those used on arcade Virtuality systems, then I’m afraid you’re going to have to wait for a while. This kind of technology still costs an arm and a leg, so I doubt whether we’ll see this sort of thing becoming commonly available to the average user for at least a couple more years.
Qhow well are A500 owners going to be looked after in terms of support from both Commodore and third-party developers over the next couple of years?
Steven Tindell, Lowestoft, Suffolk Avery well indeed. What you must remember is that the 1.3-based A500 still accounts for something like 90 per cent of the user base in this country. With this sort of market dominance, continuing support is all but guaranteed.
Alt seems unlikely that Commodore will produce a portable Amiga within the foreseeable future.
When I questioned Commodore about the possibility, it claimed to have no plans for such a machine. Who knows, Commodore may change its mind if the demand for such a machine is there (I’d certainly buy one), although you can bet such a machine wouldn’t be cheap - full-colour LCD screens are still very expensive indeed.
Qls the Amiga going to survive the onslaught of the consoles, if so, has Commodore any plans to release an affordable entry-ievel machine within the near future?
Philip Greenslade, Grantham, Lincolnshire A As I’m sure Commodore would agree, the consoles really aren’t serious competition for ‘real’ computers like the Amiga, simply because consoles Amazing Amiga Fact Commodore is already working on the ‘Triple A’ (AAA) chipset for the next generation of Amigas. It is also thought by a few well-placed developers that it is feasible to think about shrinking the Amiga’s custom chips down to a single microscopic platform chip. This will mean a reduction in the bulk of Amigas. Who knows, we may end up with an A600-sized A5000!
Will we ever see a portable or even a pocket-sized Amiga?
Helen White, Swanton Abbot, Norwich are restricted solely to playing games. The Amiga, on the other hand, can be used for a whole host of serious and creative applications such as word processing, DTP, graphics and music. How many paint packages have you seen on the Sega MegaDrive or Super Nintendo?
Commodore already produces a cheap entry-level machine - it’s called the A600.
Qwhy doesn’t the Amiga come with 10 Mb of RAM as standard, and why did the chicken cross the road.
Carl Harrison, Nelson Treharris, Mid Glamorgan A Providing a full 10 Mb of RAM as standard would knock the price of a machine like the A600 up to something like £800. OK, it would be a powerful machine, but how many users really need that sort of memory capacity? As for your second question, the chicken crossed the road to see its ‘flatmate’ the hedgehog (think about it).
Qcan the Amiga 3000 handle the new ‘AA’ chipset?
James Bland, Thorpe Marriot, Norwich A If the rumours are to be believed, the A3000 won’t be able to handle the new chip set without a major redesign. This is possibly the reason for the A3000’s recent price cut. Although Commodore are keeping tight lipped, it wouldn’t surprise me if the A3000 was eventually dropped and a new ‘AA’-based machine released to fill the gap.
A Yes. All you need is a ROM sharer fitted with a
1. 3 Kickstart ROM. Most (but not all) games incompatible with
Workbench 2.04 should then work on your Amiga.
Qwhy can’t an emulator be written that will enable an 2.04-based A500 Plus to run under Kickstart 1.3?
Simon Fisher, St Mellons, Cardiff A To be perfectly honest, there’s no real reason why a program couldn’t be written that would enable Kickstart 1.3 (stored on disk as a binary file) to be dumped into RAM and then used in preference to Is it possible to get incompatible games to run on a 2.04-based Amiga?
Ian E Campbell, Blackpool, Lancs Why is the Amiga the best home computer in the world?
Irum Malik, Luton, Beds A The Amiga is the best machine in the world because it is so flexible, so colourful, so soni- cally superb, so easy to use and so damned cheap. In short, it’s flippin’ wonderful.
Domark's 3D Construction Kit virtual reality already available for you and your Amiga? We think so.
Commodore UK's head honcho, top banana, big cheese and MD, Kelly Sumner, is firmly committed to the A600.
The A500 Plus: there is no real reason why it shouldn't work with Kickstart 1.3. Q Q Q Q Amazing Amiga Fact This rather intimidating looking machine was Amiga Format’s idea for the ideal games playing machine back in September of 1989 (in issue 2 to be exact). Here were a few things we wanted back then: 68040, hardware sprites of any size, 8Mb of RAM, built-in MIDI and stereo sound sampler with mic’, 3.5-inch 5.25-inch and CD-compatible drive, a waterproof keyboard, 6882 co-processor, 1,024x1,024 resolution screen, and a pause key for games playing. But no hard disk. Strange uh?
143 ANNUAL 1 993 Kickstart 2.04. This is exactly the method that Commodore uses to give developers to enable them to use new operating system revisions before they are blown on to ROM. Indeed, the only thing that stops this becoming a reality is a question of copyright - the Kickstart code belongs to Commodore, so I could see them getting extremely miffed if someone dumped the ROM on to disk and started selling it as part of a commercial package.
Qfbr such a good machine as the A500 Plus, why does Commodore continue to produce such naff manuals?
Anthony Taylor, Selby, North Yorkshire A I think you’re being a little unfair on Commodore and its manual writers here Anthony. If you think that the manual bundled with the A500 Plus is bad, you should have seen the manuals that Commodore bundled with the original A500 - they were almost unreadable. The manual for the A500 Plus is actually very good indeed - although it skips a few of the more technical aspects of the machine (ARexx, for example), it explains in some considerable depth how to use the Workbench and Shell environment. Top marks to Commodore, I say!
Qhave you any idea who was directly responsible for the Amiga’s little eccentricities such as the ‘Guru Meditation’ and the ‘Lazarus’ disk that Diskdoctor produces?
Scott Brows, East Stinstead, West Sussex A The guy responsible for the ‘Guru Meditation’ was Karl Sassenwrath, the author of the Amiga’s multitasking executive Exec. The idea for the Guru message came from a strange game that the guys at the original Amiga Incorporated developed to help them relieve stress - the general idea was to sit on a ‘joy board’ connected to the Amiga and stay as still as possible. Only in America, eh!
As for ‘Lazarus’, I’m afraid I don’t know who thought this one up. It’s generally what is known as a ‘programmer’s joke’ and is based around the Bible story of Jesus bringing Lazarus back from the dead. In Qwhy do most graphics and music software packages rely solely on chip RAM yet don’t utilise fast RAM?
Anon? Brown, Hythe, Kent A As you know, the Amiga has two types of RAM
- chip RAM and fast RAM. Chip RAM is a type of memory that can be
accessed by the following custom chips: Paula, Agnus and
Denise, and also the 68000 processor.
Fast RAM, on the other hand it can only be accessed by the 68000. As a result, data such as sound samples and pictures have to be stored in chip RAM for the custom chips to access them.
These days however, this restriction is being addressed by using the 68000 to store chip data in Fast RAM and then to copy it to Chip RAM as soon as it is required.
Effect, this is exactly what Diskdoctor does - it brings disks back from the dead!
Qwhy don’t Commodore and Atari swallow their pride and get together to produce a cross platform computer to set a new home computer standard that is also totally compatible with both the Amiga and the Atari STE?
Darren Smithson, Reading, Berks A Because Commodore already has a great machine and Atari doesn’t. Now if Commodore, NeXT Corp and Apple were to join forces, then that really would be something! Seriously though, if you want to run Atari software on your Amiga, why not get your hands on a copy of the PD ST emulator? It won’t run games, but it’s great for serious ST software.
A There’s already a number of user groups that Commodore speaks to on a regular basis. The two best groups that I know of is ICPUG (081-651
5436) and the Amiga Users Group (0533 550993).
Why doesn’t Commodore set up a user group and liaise with it?
Mark Longhorn, Redland, Bristol A There are more C64s around than Amigas at the moment, but what you must consider is that the Amiga is so flexible that it will continue to be a viable product for years to come. Although the C64 is still available, I’m sure that even Commodore would admit that it has had its day. In this respect, the Amiga has been (and will continue to be) Commodore’s greatest success and asset.
Qwho named the custom chips inside the Amiga and why were they given names such as Agnus, Paula and Gary etc?
I Timson, Blackburn A The Amiga custom chips were given their individual-sounding names by the strange Californian people who originally developed the Amiga (they were called Amiga incorporated and were rather, well, West Coast) before Commodore came along to make them easier to remember (Agnus is easier to remember than 8372A isn’t it?).
More recent chips (Gary, for example) were given their names to continue the tradition and to also abbreviate technical names (Gary is short for Gate arRaY, for example). I A Because the A500 still accounts for such a huge proportion of the UK user base, I can guarantee you that all new game releases for at least the next couple of years will work on both the A500 and the A500 Plus. If developers were to suddenly start writing games specifically for the new range of.
Machines, they’d cut their potential market down to something like 5 per cent of the user base. As anyone can see, this doesn’t make sound economic sense.
A The ‘A’ stands for Amiga. Later Amiga 2000s were called B2000s simply to show that they were upgraded.
Q Which computer does Commodore think brought them the most success - the C64 or the Amiga?
Robert Purser, Boston, Lincolnshire Do you think the A600 will be as popular as the A500?
Phillip Pink, Horsham, West Sussex Will new games designed for the A600 run on an A500 Plus?
Dave Peel, Launceston, Cornwall Duane Muirhead, Palmers Green, London What does the ‘A’ in A500 stand for?
A Thanks to the recent price cut, I’m convinced that the A600 will prove to be even more popular than the A500. Just watch those Christmas sales soar and then call me a liar!
8364R7 4787 27 The Amiga's custom chips are the technological gems that make the computing family the best home computer in the world. Rather than forcing the central processing unit (CPU) to handle all of the data, chips with friendly names such as Gayle, Agnus and Paula take up the sound and graphics strain for smoother processing, better visuals and great music.
Peripherals Thinking about adding extra hardware to your Amiga? Don't hand over your cash until you've read the answers to these questions... Qlf a 68030 processor was replaced with an ’040 processor, would it mean that a maths co-processor is no longer needed?
Craig Hayes, Higher Blackley, Manchester A As far as I’m aware, it’s no longer necessary to use a maths co-processor if you have a 68040 installed simply because the chip has one already built in as standard.
A Why do so many printers come without a printer driver for the Amiga?
Alexander Ingram, Edinburgh, Scotland A What you must remember is that printers are not generally produced for a single type of computer; they are what is known as ‘generic’ devices. What this basically means is that if you buy a printer, it should be possible to get it working on just about any type of computer providing you have the correct lead to connect the two devices together.
These days though, the question of (the lack of) Amiga printer drivers is being addressed. A couple of printer makers (notably Star, Citizen and Canon) are producing Amiga printer drivers for their products, so getting up and running is becoming increasingly easy.
Amazing Amiga Fact 144 Motorola, the company that makes the Amiga’s central processor, is having a good time. Not only are its chips in the Mac and the NeXT machines, the IBM Apple PowerPCs should have them.
ANNUAL 1993 Qwhy are Commodore’s peripherals rated so poorly and yet the computers that they produce are regarded so highly?
Paul Howard, Grasmere, Cumbria A More often than not, the peripherals that Commodore sells are not actually Commodore products at all - all it does is licence them from other companies and stick its own name on the front panel.
Take the Commodore 1084 Monitor, for example.
Believe it or not, this is actually a Philips CM8833.
Unfortunately, though (especially in the case of monitors), the Commodore-badged units rarely match up to the real thing.
Why Commodore chooses to market such naff peripherals is one of those unsolved mysteries that even Commodore probably couldn’t answer. Just remember to check out the competition from third-party developers before going for a Commodore peripheral and you won’t go far wrong.
Q How do you stop interlace flicker?
D J Brockley, Bournville, Birmingham A The cheapest way to cut down on interlace flicker is to buy yourself a polarised screen filter. These sit in front of your monitor screen and filter out a lot of the flicker. This won’t totally cure the problem though. If you want to rid yourself of interlace flicker altogether, you’ll need a flicker-fixer card such as those produced by ICD and MicroWay Europe.
Flicker cards require a multi-sync or VGA-quality monitor to display the higher scanning signal produced by the flicker card. Expect to pay around £500 for both the card and monitor.
O Why do some peripherals (hard drives and processor cards) often cost more than the price of the Amiga itself?
Pete Thomson, Carterton, Oxon Alt all comes down to a simple case of costs.
Components such as hard drives, processors, maths co-processors and 32-bit RAM are still very expensive to buy, even for hardware developers.
Commodore, on the other hand, has its own chip-producing facilities which helps to keep production costs down to a bare minimum. Costs have dropped though
- just compare the cost of a hard drive today with that of a
drive little more than a couple of years back.
Qcan hardware add-ons such as hard drives be connected to the Amiga’s bus connector via a ribbon cable, therefore moving the drive away from the machine?
Dan Tarbit Gosforth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne A I haven’t actually tried it myself, but I’m reliably informed that connecting bus devices to the Amiga via a ribbon cable is not a good idea due to the sensitive nature of bus timings. Although some devices may work, you’ll probably find that other devices don’t.
Qls it possible to upgrade the A600HD’s (Hard Disk’s) internal hard disk to a higher capacity unit?
Dean Benson, Nunthorpe, Cleveland A The A600HD uses a standard AT-IDE drive, so it’s possible to upgrade the drive to a higher capacity unit. Why not try Almathera Systems (® 081- 683 6418) which sells a range of SCSI and IDE drives, so you should find what you want.
CDTV, CD and the A570 The release of the CDTV drive, and more recently the A570, continually raises questions among Amiga users.
Is this the format of the future?
Qwill programs for the CDTV ever reach their full potential or will we continue to be offered a sub-standard product?
Robert Frampton, Verwood, Dorset A As is the case with all things new, it takes time for developers to really start pushing a machine to its full potential. Take the Amiga, for example - early productivity and games software were pretty lousy to say the least, but the quality has improved considerably since those early efforts. What you must consider is that it takes time for developers to learn the ‘ins and outs’ of something as radically new as CD-ROM. As their knowledge of the machine grows, the quality of the software that they produce will increase too. Mark my words, we’ll start to see
some pretty revolutionary titles appearing in the not too distant future!
Qwhat is wrong with everyone? Why is there such a fuss being made over CD-ROM drives? What I want to know is when will optical drives be available to the average A500 user at a cost that we can all afford? Optical drives provide over 100Mb of removable storage for around £60 per cartridge!
Anthony Brannon, Whitehaven, Cumbria A I totally agree with you - optical drives are wonderful things, but they’re also damned expensive. The SysQuest range of drives, for example, starts at around £1,000 for just the drive and a single 100 Mb cartridge. If the prices were to drop, I’d rush out and buy one today. Unfortunately, optical- disk technology is very expensive right now and I most certainly can’t see prices dropping for a very long time to come.
Qwill it be vital in the near future for Amiga users to own an A570 to continue to be part of the Amiga scene?
Neal Veglio, Didcot, Oxfordshire A CD will progressively become more important within the Amiga market, but it most definitely doesn’t spell death for the floppy disk. Although certain titles will continue to be developed solely for CD, the vast majority of native Amiga applications and games will continue to be sold on floppy disk. I think Swift printers come with Citizen's own printer drivers for the AMIGA, but most printers don't hove a driver... The GVP A530: it's got an 'A' at the front but it's not from Commodore. It's still a great hard drive.
Commodore Dynamic Total Vision (CDTV): just give it some time, and hope the hype dies down.
Too that the price of CDTV-compatible CD-ROM drives will start to drop - I wouldn’t mind betting that we’ll eventually see rivals to the A570 appearing from companies such as GVP. What you have to remember is that CD-ROM drives are still a relatively new development on the Amiga, so the price of the drives themselves is bound to be quite high. Once third-party developers get their acts together, it’s only a matter of time before we see substantial price cuts.
Qwhat chances has the CDTV got against the vastly superior Philips CD-I unit?
JA Ettles, Bury, Lancashire A Impressive specifications don’t necessarily guarantee the success of a product. During my years in the computer industry, I’ve seen people fall into this trap over and over again. It’s all very good having a computer (let’s face it, both the CDTV and CD-i are effectively computers) with a wonderful specification, but they’re little use unless there’s software available that exploits all the potent power. If there’s no software support, the machine will flop (MSX anyone?)
While I’m not claiming that the CD-i will flop (I personally think it’ll be a great success for Philips), CDTV has two main advantages that virtually guarantee its continued success - it’s been available a lot longer than the CD-i (therefore there’s plenty of software available for it), and it’s compatible with the Amiga, especially now Commodore has finally released the A570. As soon as more and more Amiga users jump on the CD-ROM train, the user base for CDTV titles will grow to such an extent that developers will be foolish to ignore the machine.
Amazing Amiga Fact Aside from the fact that you can’t fry an egg on a CD, nor can you chuck one off a building, and then still expect to play it, the other interesting fact about Compact Discs is that Philips (the company that invented the format - as well as forming Bobby Robson’s old club PSV Eindhoven) still makes a sum of money from every single CD, CD-ROM and drive sold.
Q Is there a CDTV users group or magazine?
Mandy Foster, Southsea, Hants A Flicking through the user group pages of our sister magazine Amiga Shopper, I managed to find a user group that should suit your needs. It’s run by Julian Lavanini who can be contacted at 113 Fouracres Road, Newall Green, Manchester M23 8ES.
As for a magazine, what’s wrong with Amiga Format?
We already cover new CDTV developments in quite some depth. If all your CDTV users would like to see a regular section on CDTV products within the mag, why not write in and tell us. If the demand is there, I’m sure Damien will be happy to oblige.
READERS' QUESTIONS . • ; . • • Qdoes Commodore plan to release an internal CD-ROM drive for the A1500 and A3000?
Robert Sweetzer, Reading Berks A There’s still no official word from Commodore on the availability of a CD-ROM drive for the A1500, but I’m sure it’s only a matter of time before the company releases a drive for the machine. It is actually possible to buy one already - Xetec in the States has been marketing its CD-ROM drive for the Amiga for a couple of years now, although I’m informed that it isn’t totally compatible with all CDTV software. If third-party hardware manufacturers start to produce rivals to the A570, then I’m quite sure they’ll also cater for A1500 and A3000 users.
And now that the A570 has finally been released, it won’t be long before third-party vendors start to offer cheaper alternatives.
Ql’ve got an A500 Plus and a compact disc player. Is there an interface available that will enable me to use a standard CD player to run CDTV software or am I forced to buy an A570?
Thomas Christie, Grangemouth, Stirlingshire A I’m afraid it’s simply not possible to use a standard CD player to run CDTV software. CD-ROM drives require sophisticated control hardware which just isn’t built into a normal CD player. I’m afraid you’ll just have to invest in an A570 if you want to run all that lovely CDTV software.
Q Which hard drives can be used in conjunction with the A570 CD-ROM drive?
Stephen Dunn, Washington, Tyne and Wear A Commodore had planned to fit a full 86-pin pass-thru’ connector to the opposite side of the A570, but something went terribly wrong and the device actually ended up with a rather strange 40-pin affair that is totally incompatible with every Amiga hard drive and RAM expansion on the market. I’m sure that - if it’s possible - someone will eventually produce an adaptor that will enable standard hard drives to be connected to the Amiga via this 40-pin slot. Until then though, you’ll have to unplug the A570 every time you want to access your hard drive.
Qlf Cds are read-only devices, how do you save data?
David Wilman, Rotherham, South Yorkshire A You save your data to floppy disk or, if you own an A600, to a PCMCIA card.
Games Everyone's got a question or a quibble about the games industry.
Try this selection of answers for some insight... Qwill there ever be a non-pirateable game?
Robert Shelton, Radcliffe-on-Trent, Nottingham A To be perfectly honest, there’s no such thing as a completely foolproof protection system. Take the consoles, for example - developers welcomed machines such as the Sega MegaDrive because they believed that cartridges would kill piracy. As these very same developers will now tell you, piracy on the consoles too has become widespread. What storage media such as cartridges do stop, though, is what’s known as ‘playground piracy’ - that is, they stop young kids copying games for their mates at school. What they don’t stop, though, is the hardened
cracker who has both the resources and the knowledge to get around such protection systems.
The nearest that developers have come to a completely foolproof protection system is CD.
Because Cds are still only read-only, it’s impossible to copy a CD unless you have access to one of the few (very expensive) CD copiers. This still costs an arm and a leg, as does saving 650Mb of data to floppy disks. This is a very good and desirable thing - If developers think that they aren’t getting ripped off, they’ll be much happier to continue developing for the machine.
145 no o 0s a Why do some games leave the drive power light on?
Steven Welsh, Argyll, Scotland A Software such as games uses special disk routines written by the programmers to enable them immediate and direct access to any part of the disk. As a result, unless these disk routines specifically turn off disk access, the drive light stays on. So you can blame all of this on the games programmers.
Qwhy has it taken David Braben so long to write Elite 27 Philip Young, Baslow, Derbyshire A I know for a fact that David (or simply ‘Dave’ to his mates) is a bit of a perfectionist, so he probably delayed the release of Elite 2 until he was totally happy with the product. This is actually quite common among games programmers - take Jez San’s Birds Of Prey game. That game was Yes you can save data from CD-ROM. It's quite simple if How long can it be before an Amiga compact disc gets you treat the CD as a huge hard disk. Into the 'charts'? Not long with 1,00,000 users.
Actually due over two years ago but it too has only just been released (much to the dismay of Electronic Arts, I might add). From what I’ve seen of the game though, it certainly looks pretty impressive in all its shaded 3D polygon glory. You should therefore expect to see it in time for Christmas.
Qwhy do so many games insist on using DFO: despite the fact that there may be an additional two drives attached?
Imran Ahmad, Clapham Park London A Games use special routines coded by the programmer to handle disk access, so this sort of limitation is the fault of the programmer. I too find this very annoying, but there’s little you can do about it.
A Why do software companies have an obsession with boring, time-wasting inter-game screen pictures?
Liam Hayes, Luton, Bedfordshire Astatic screens like those you refer to are usually incorporated to add atmosphere and to give you something to look at while new levels are pulled in from disk. What would you rather look at - a blank screen or a pretty picture?
Qwhy do programmers incorporate ‘cheat modes’ into their games?
Paul Bokor, Waterbeach, Cambridge A Programmers usually incorporate cheat modes to help them get through a game when it is being tested. In some cases, these cheat modes are removed before the game disks are sent for mass duplication, but these days it’s more common for them to be left in to help those of us that are hopeless at games (me, for example).
146 a Will there ever be a multi fire-button joystick for the Amiga?
Jerome Evans, Gwynedd, Wales A Unless Commodore extends the joystick port by adding a few extra pins (which is unlikely), the simple answer is no.
Q Why do joysticks break?
SO 0 UU Dan Connors, Bournemouth, Dorset A Joysticks undergo a lot of stress during frantic blasting sessions, so it’s not surprising that they break eventually. Let’s face it, if someone grabbed hold of you and started twisting your arm, you can bet that something would break eventually.
A Why can’t Ocean produce a decent film licence?
James Attwood, Clevedon, Avon Batman and Roborop, pictured, prove that Ocean can Lemmings from Psygnosis. Definitely one of the most knock out some pretty damn fine film licences. Successful games ever on the Amiga, no problem.
A I think you’re being a bit unfair James. Since the release of the original Batman the Movie game (which, incidentally, was awarded a Format Gold), Ocean has done a very respectable job of producing licensed games. Total Recall, Robocop 2 and Robocop 3 (also a Format Gold game) are just three examples of Ocean film licenses that received darn good reviews in Amiga Format.
Qwhy aren’t all games designed with manual copy protection and hard drive installation instructions?
Steven Rout ledge, Whitley Bay, Tyne & Wear A Manual protection only really works on complex games such as role-playing and strategy games that can only be played with constant reference to a sizeable manual. If a software house was to protect something like a shoot-’em-up using this system, a pirate would only have to photocopy a couple of pages of the manual.
Hard-drive installation is usually only possible if the game is either manual protected (Eye Of The Beholder 2, for example) or isn’t protected at all. If the protection is disk-based, it would be impossible to protect the game if it had be transferred on to a hard disk.
Amazing Amiga Fact Why don’t you get full games on the front of Amiga Format? Well the basic reason for this is that we are not allowed to do this. Once upon a time we did covermount games such as Interphase, Balance of Power, Vaccine and Archipelagos. But then the software houses realised that people were playing these and not buying new ones. They put pressure on and Bingo! It’s rather sad really.
What is the most successful game ever?
Dave Lewis, Drayton, Shropshire A This is impossible to answer without asking every games software house to hand over their sales figures, which is not something they’d be that prepared to do. For me it would have to be Lemmings.
Qwili any Amigas soon have cartridges for serious software or games? Will it be possible to fit them with special graphics or sound chips? If so, how much would they cost?
Nigel Vallis, North Watford, Herts A I have spoken to several software houses in the past who were considering the idea of cartridge-based games that connected to the A500 via the 86-pin bus connector, but nothing ever came of it. The nearest you’re likely to find to true cartridge-based games are games on PCMCIA cards, although to date none have been released.
PCMCIA cards on the A600. No games and none likely in the near future - shame.
Software pricing We are always getting mail asking how much of a game's price is profit, or how much goes on development, so here's a few answers... a Although 16-bit games boast better graphics and sound than 8-bit games, why are they so much (much, much) more expensive?
Kannan Thiru, Southport, Merseyside A The cost of producing a game on a 16-bit computer is much higher than that of an 8-bit. With technically more superior graphics and sound capabilities, the task of producing a game for a 16-bit computer is no longer a one-man operation. Games programmers restrict themselves to writing the actual code while the task of producing graphics and music are handled by an artist and musician respectively. 16-bit computer users expect a far more sophisticated product as well, so software houses put far more effort into 16-bit games to make them better value
for money.
Qhow can software houses justify the harsh prices for below average games?
Simon Pilkington, Leighton Buzzard, Beds A Games are a little bit like new born babies. My neighbour’s wife, for example, has just had a baby. Although I think it’s damned ugly, she’s proud as punch of the dear little thing. As far as she’s concerned, it’s the most wonderful and most beautiful creature that ever gurgled and crawled it’s way across the Earth. Games programmers and software houses too like to think that their products are wonderful - it’s not until magazines such as Amiga Format tear substandard games to shreds that the horrible reality starts to set in. So how do you
protect yourself from getting ripped off? You read Amiga Format of course.
O How much profit does a software house make on a two-disk game costing £29.95?
R. Sibley, Ely, Cambs A Surprisingly, the profit margins on games
software isn’t as high as you may think. What you have to
consider is that the software house has to recoup its
development costs - distributors and the programmers also take
their share and the retailer gets a cut too. At the end of the
day, there’s usually on a couple of pounds left in pure
profit. It’s impossible to say exactly how much a games
software house gets, simply because there are so many
variables involved.
Programming Whether you're programming for fun or for profit, here's some vital answers will prove invaluable... a How would I go about getting any programs that I’ve written on to the software market?
A Before approaching any software house with your program, the first thing you must do is to protect yourself in case your idea gets ripped off.
Although this sort of thing is very rare these days, it still happens. What you should do is to make a copy of the program and its documentation, seal it in a jiffy bag and mail it to yourself. When it arrives, don’t open it - keep it safe because you may need it to prove the age of the program. The next thing you need to do is make several copies of the program and its documentation and send them to a couple of software houses that specialise in the type of software you have written (it’s no good sending a word processor to US Gold, for example) marked for the attention of the ‘Product
Manager’. If they are interested in your program, they will contact you to discuss marketing it.
Q How much money can you make by creating games in AMOS and distributing them?
Ben Wain, Rotherham, South Yorkshire A How much you make out of a product depends entirely upon how well it sells. If it’s a commercial product, you can make something like £10,000 or more if it sells well. If you put it into a licenseware scheme like the one run by Sandra Sharkey of the AMOS PD Library, you’ll make £1 for. Every copy sold.
Qdo software houses take on trainee programmers or do you have to be able to code already?
David Bateman, Huntington, York Alt’s very unusual for software houses to take on trainee programmers unless they have at least a working knowledge of programming.
Q What do games programmers get paid?
Andrew Chappie, Saltash, Cornwall A How much a games programmers gets paid depends entirely upon the company they are working for and how good they are. On average though, a programmer working ‘in-house’ (ie, an employee of the company) should expect between £10K to £14K per year plus bonuses. These bonuses depend entirely upon how well the game sells, although most games programmers receive at least £3,000 in bonus payments per game.
AMOS Pro: the most highly rated piece of software we have ever seen on the Amiga. It achieved 97 per cent.
Qhow did the top Amiga games programmers learn to write their games and how can I learn?
David Arnholm, Stubbekobing, Denmark A Most of them started off like the majority of programmers do, just by tinkering around with the Amiga’s hardware. The best way to learn games programming is to start off by getting a good solid knowledge of the hardware - teach yourself how to open and scroll screens, move sprites and bobs etc. Once you’ve got this sort of knowledge under your belt, the actual process of writing a game is not as hard as you may think.
Many of the top games programmers started writing games as a sideline to a separate career, only to find that programming paid so much better. This was exactly the case with Dave Jones (head honcho at DMA Design, author of Lemmings and now the proud owner of a Lotus Turbo Esprit - read all about him and Lemmings on page 80) and David Braben, the author of Elite, Virus and the soon to be released Elite 2.
Getting established nowadays can be difficult, though, because you have to be a very good coder indeed to get yourself noticed.
Amazing Amiga Fact If you have not as yet got into programming on your Amiga, don’t forget that we gave away a free copy of Hisoft’s Devpac programming language on Amiga Format issue 39’s coverdisk. We also got the Bullfrog programming team to provide some tutorials.
Q Why is the Amiga’s operating system so difficult to program?
Gary Stimson, Roade, Northants A You’re right, the Amiga’s operating system is a pig to program, but Workbench 2.04 has improved this situation a little by adding a few extra libraries that provide commonly needed functions such as IFF parsing, standard requesters (a file selector, for example) and extra gadgets etc. It’s not entirely fair to criticise the operating system for being difficult to program though - it’s simply very powerful and very flexible. If it were too basic, applications programmers would have to work around too many restrictions, resulting in slower code and larger
source files.
Q Which programs do the professionals (such as Francois Lionet and Archer MacLean) use to write their programs?
Kashif Chondhree, Watford Herts A The tools that individual programmers use really comes down to a matter of personal preference. Most programmers use an assembler running on either an Amiga (Devpac 3 being the favourite) or what is known as a PDS (Program Development System) machine. These PDS systems are usually PC-based, although I know of at least two top games- programming teams that have written their own PDS systems based around the Amiga. DMA Design (the authors of Lemmings and Blood Monetf, for example, use a network of Amiga 3000s for all their development work.
The assembler is by far the most important tool, but it’s not the only program that you need. Games programmers usually write themselves tools that carry out mundane tasks such as converting images produced in Deluxe Paint to binary format etc. You can’t buy these utilities ‘off the shelf so to speak, so they have to be written by the programmer.
Qlf it is possible to program the Amiga’s custom chips, why isn’t it possible to get Workbench 2.04 on disk instead of having to upgrade your chips?
Richard Gates, Boston, Lines A There’s a big difference between programming the custom chips and programming the Amiga’s ROMs. The custom chips have what are known as ‘registers’ which programmers use to communicate with the hardware. These registers are volatile which means that as soon as you switch off your Amiga, they are cleared. The Amiga’s ROM, on the other hand, cannot be written to at all - because as its name suggests, the Kickstart ROM is read only.
It is technically possible to install a new operating system into the Amiga simply by loading the ROM into RAM as a huge binary file and then redirecting the Amiga’s system vectors so that the Amiga uses the ROM file held in RAM rather than its own built-in ROM chip. This is precisely the technique that Commodore uses to provide developers with pre-production copies of the operating system - I for one had Workbench 2 up and running on my old A1000 about two years before it was officially released on the A500 Plus.
The only real problem with this technique is that because the ROM is loaded into RAM, it eats up loads of free memory. Take Workbench 2.04, for example.
The 2.04 ROM is 512K in size, so if you loaded this into RAM on a 1 Mb machine, you wouldn’t have much memory left after you had loaded it (approximately 200K, to be precise).
Qwhat is the future going to be like for games programmers since some companies are deserting the machine?
147 Graeme Allan, Strathclyde, Scotland A As any games programmer will tell you, the future is still very rosy for the Amiga. Despite the fact that several companies (mainly in the States) have stopped developing for the Amiga, there are still many new companies coming into the market that are more than willing to fill the gap. The American Amiga market is dying a bit due mainly to the dominance of the Mac and PC, but the European (and especially the British) Amiga market has never been healthier.
ANNUAL 1993 Qcan the Amiga use programming languages such as ‘C’ or ‘Pascal’ and what sort of memory capacity do you need?
Simon Gettings, Harpenden, Herts Alt most certainly can! The best C compiler for the Amiga is the Lattice SAS C system (£230).
As for a Pascal compiler, try HiSpeed Pascal. It offers an integrated development environment and is fully compatible with Turbo Pascal on the PC. Both products are available from HiSoft (« 0525 718181).
Qwhy can’t Commodore provide a good, multi-purpose programming language with the Amiga? Surely they can do better than the now obsolete AmigaBASIC?
Matthew Holt, Neath, Wales A They do - it’s called Arexx and it’s supplied free of charge with all new Amigas. Ok, so Arexx isn’t everyone’s cup of tea, but why invest thousands of pounds producing a programming language for the Amiga when there are already absolutely brilliant packages like AMOS available?
Ok, so it isn’t bundled with the Amiga, but I wouldn’t be at all surprised if AMOS eventually ended up in an Amiga bundle. I Amiga Format It has become obvious that many of you wanted to know a bit more about us, so we thought it was about time we spilled the beans... a Do the publishers of magazines such as Amiga Format see a future for themselves while there seems to be no end of duplication of so many topics? From games and hardware, to software and news, it seems to me that we’re reading the same stuff over and over again but in different packaging.
Mr M Turnbull', Morpeth, Northumberland A What you have to realise is that as Commodore sells more machines, we gain more new readers. As a result, a topic that is old to you is completely fresh to these readers. Not only that, but the Amiga marketplace is developing at such a high speed these days, that articles such as buyers’ guides and product round-ups are usually out of date after little more than a few months. As new products appear on the market, we feel that we owe it to our readers to see how these products compare to those already established in the Amiga market. We also keep our
eyes on new developments such as CD-ROM, CDTV, new gaming techniques, revolutionary software and hardware and the personalities involved. And, if you were to think about what you wrote and compare Amiga Format to other, non-computer magazines, you would see that we have more new features than say fashion magazines, car magazines or sports magazines all of which also have to repeat information and features.
148 Qare you planning on producing an article on how Amiga Format is produced? I’d like to see an article that shows the production of Amiga Format from the very first stages of choosing what goes in to how it finally hits the newsstands.
ANNUAL 1993 J Malcolmson, Wigston, Leicester A Well, if you turn to page 61 of this annual, you’ll find just the very thing.
A Why does Amiga Format continue to use Apple Macintoshes to produce the magazine now that A-Max II is available?
Stuart Hogton, Salisbury, Wiltshire A There are basically two main reasons why we still use Macs in preference to an emulator such as A-Max II. The first reason is colour - although A-Max II (and especially A-Max II Plus) is capable of running QuarkXPress (the DTP program that is used to lay out all our pages), it can only run Mac software in mono. Marcus (our Art Editor) needs to be able to see precisely how the pages of the magazine will look before they are sent to the publishers, so running QuarkXPress in black and white wouldn’t really be suitable for his needs.
Not only that, but I don’t think Chris Anderson (Mr Big at Future Publishing) would be too chuffed if we chucked all those expensive Macs out of the window and asked him to spend thousands of pounds equipping all the artists with Amigas running A-Max II. At the end of the day, what’s the point in buying an emulator if you already have the real thing?
But don’t for one minute think that the Amiga doesn’t play a very important role in the production of the magazine.
Marcus (who is an Amiga fan himself) uses the Amiga extensively for image processing and for designing logos and covers etc (the Format Gold logo, for example, was produced in Dpaint).
Amazing Amiga Fact Despite what many people sem to think (especially one politician we could name) Amiga Format is not written, published or even funded by Commodore. Nor is it in any way connected to a (non-existent) company called ‘Amiga’. We are fiercely independent of ‘the industry’ and proud of it. That goes for Amiga Format and our parent company Future Publishing.
Qdo any of the members of Amiga Format ever dabble in graphics and music. If so, let’s see them in the magazine.
Jim L Barnes, Itchen, Southampton A Virtually all of the Amiga Format team are 24-hour-a-day Amigaholics. Nutts, Neil and Tim are all keen musicians, Marcus is heavily into graphics and Karl even has his own record (and CD) out - and there’s another one on the way. I am heavily into both music (especially MIDI and sampling) and animation.
As for seeing them (or rather their work) in the mag’, would you really want to see such self-indulgence?
Qhow many of the people who work on Amiga Format don’t have an Amiga at home, and if not why not?
Ross Coleman, Higham Ferrers, Northants A Almost every single member of the Amiga Format team owns at least one Amiga.
Marcus owns two A500s (one of which is a Plus), Nutts owns an A3000 and an A600. Tim has an A600, Neil has an A500 Plus (although he’s also saving for an A4000), Gary has a very sweet little A600 (that’s what he calls it anyway), Damien has an A500, Karl has an A500 Plus, and Pat has the bloomin’ lot. I used to own four Amigas myself (an A500 Plus, a B2000, an A1000 and an A3000) until someone swiped the A1000 and the A3000 from my flat while I was on holiday. The only member of the team that doesn’t own an Amiga is Sue, although she claims that she’s buying an A600 as soon as her next pay
cheque arrives (she’s been saying that ever since she joined the mag though).
Qwhat does copyright mean? If a piece of software is copyrighted, what are my rights? Can I back it up or copy it for friends?
Steven Layzell, Ware, Herts A When a company copyrights a product, it basically means that the product remains its property. Consequently, when you buy a copy of that product, all you are effectively doing is paying the software house a licence fee which enables you to use that product on your machine.
Some companies allow you to back-up their products for your own personal use (although the number of back-ups that you are allowed to make is usually restricted), but this doesn’t mean you’re allowed to copy that product and then distribute it to your friends.
If you do, then you are breaking the law and are therefore liable to prosecution, hence the establishment of organisations such as FAST (the Federation Against Software Theft).
Q Why doesn’t your spelling checker work?
Adam Single, Tonbridge, Kent A Wot do yu meen? Seriously though, nothing in life is absolutely 100 per cent perfect (yes, even Amiga Format is not quite perfect). There really is no use for spelling errors in this magazine, so I won’t offer one.
But I will say this, if you do see an error, make sure to write in and tell us about it.
Qwhy does every Amiga computer magazine contain several pages of game cheats?
David Fairweather, Blackburn, Lancashire A Before I go any further, I’m afraid I have to correct you - not every Amiga magazine contains games, let alone game cheats. If you’re after a magazine that contains absolutely no games whatsoever, then why not also check out Amiga Formats sister magazine Amiga Shopped Every single page is dedicated entirely to the more serious aspects of computing on the Amiga. If you can find a single game cheat in that magazine, I’ll send you a fiver (and I’ll make sure he does, Ed.)
Back to your original question though, magazines The Amiga Format Gold logo (awarded to products that Amiga Format is so independent that we staffers get Amiga Format has grown from a simple magazine into score more than 89%) was designed on the Amiga. Into all sorts of arguments - particularly Sue. The sponsor of the UK's largest ever computer show.
Q A Q no 0s o § M Ran Oisk mwim nii Shell Uortsbeac Profs Workbench: unlike Pcs, for which you have to pay £99 for a graphic user interface, this one comes free.
Such as Amiga Format contains game cheats simply because we’ve found it to be a very popular section of the magazine. Although you may not need cheats, there are those among the readership that aren’t quite as talented with a joystick as your fair self (like me, for example). Without Andy’s GameBusters section, I’d still be marooned on Monkey Island.
Qhow does Amiga Format manage to give us two such fantastic disks every month?
M Ellicott, Alphington, Exeter A The people you’ve got to thank for Amiga Formats Coverdisks are editor Damien, who makes the overall decision on which programs are included, advertising manager Duncan Ferguson and promotions manager Michele Harris who go out there and find all the biggest and best programs to have on to the disk. Then there’s our technical editor Pat McDonald who performs the incredible feat of squeezing everything on to two disks, as well as finding those extra utilities and files that make each disk special. They will all be pleased to know that their hard work is
appreciated.
Qdo you have to pay for the games that you review and do you keep them afterwards?
Jonathan Bertram, Thornbury, Bristol A All of the games that appear in Amiga Format are sent to us directly by the software houses that produce them. Reviews are another form of publicity for software houses (yes, even bad reviews!), so they do not expect us to pay for them. Once the review is complete, we are allowed to keep the games. They’re not just thrown in a dusty corner though - we need to be able to hang on to games to test out the cheats that appear in our GamesBusters section and for game- related features.
However, there have been a (very) few occasions in the history of this magazine when software houses have been reticent to let us have a game. This has been because they were sure that the game was bad and did not want this publicised too much. In situations such as this we have two options: buy the software, or don’t bother reviewing the games (deprives them of the oxygen of publicity etc, etc).
Most software houses worth the name are prepared to have their games reviewed and take the criticism like grown-ups.
This usually also applies to serious hardware and software, although we usually have to return more expensive items such as hard drives and processor accelerators. If we then need to see those items again, we simply contact the companies involved and they ‘loan’ us the item for a couple of weeks.
A How do you work out the percentages for games in your reviews?
Glenn, Dearing, Poole, Dorset A The overall rating that we give a game is based around several very important factors - the game’s playability, the quality of its graphics and sound, it’s price and how long it will keep you interested. Our game reviewers have probably played every Amiga game in existence, so they’re in a pretty good position to make these sort of judgements. There is no scientific way of coming up with ratings and sometimes arguments ensue - solving these is another one of Damien’s many and varied tasks.
Qwho is the most popular member of the Amiga Format staff?
David Flowers, Ealing, London A That question quite happily answers the question: ‘What’s the best way to start a bar brawl in Bath?’ Everyone loves everyone else. Except, that is... Q What’s the best way for a beginner to learn how to use an Amiga 500 Plus to the full when there’s no one to give personal advice?
Mr S P Morris, Billington, Lancs A Why not treat yourself to a copy of Mastering Amiga Beginners from Bruce Smith books.
Written by Phil South, a friend and fellow Amiga Format contributor, the book is packed full of useful hints and tips that will let you get the most from your Amiga. It costs £19.95 and is available from BSB on 0923 894355. Another good idea is to keep reading Amiga Format - every month we publish articles aimed at beginners. By the way, are there any Amiga tutors out there? If so, get in touch with us.
Qhow do you alter the StartUp-Sequence to install a RAD: drive?
MA Sims, Rainham, Kent A Easy. All you have to do is to add the line ‘Mount RAD:’ to your StartUp-Sequence.
Providing that the mountlist for the RAD: device and the appropriate system files are on your boot disk (they are on a standard Workbench disk), this should automatically install RAD: each time that you reboot.
Qwhy is it that there are compatibility problems between Workbench 1.3 and Workbench 2.04?
S Britcliffe, Nelson, Lancs A Technically speaking, Workbench 1.3 and Workbench 2.04 are totally compatible.
Problems start to arise, however, when programs written to work under 1.3 employ software cheats and techniques that do not follow Commodore’s programming guidelines. Although these programs will work m AmigaDOS and Workbench The Amiga's operating system and Workbench frontend were designed to be very user friendly, but we still receive mail about the frustrations of using both of them... Qls there a publication available that will tell me how to write a StartUp-Sequence that works? I can’t find one anywhere!
Shaun O’Donne!, Spaldine, Lines Have a look at the answer to the question immediately below Shaun... flntaa Uark&ench 311424 graphics nen Systea MBStartup ttoniturs 1 A Mainly because PC owners are prepared to pay these prices. What you must consider though, is that many large corporations buy Pcs. So having to shell out £600 for a database isn’t going to break the bank.
The Amiga, on the other hand, is more of an enthusiasts and home user's machine, so the prices of Amiga software has to be kept down to ensure that users can afford them.
Qwhy does the same piece of software or hardware cost the same in pounds as it does in US dollars? Will this situation change?
Jim Hathaway, Surbiton, Surrey A I think it is changing Jim. As the sales of serious Amiga hardware and software products increase, the cost of shipping products from the USA is reduced. Take the range of products from GVP, for example. With GVP products now selling so well, it has been able to drop the prices on its products quite substantially.
Another factor is competition - with so many UK companies producing hardware and software products to compete with the US products, distributors have had to cut their prices to remain competitive.
A All you need to do is to change the mountlist (you’ll find the Mountlist file in the Devs: directory of your Workbench disk) for the RAD drive so that the line that reads ‘HighCyl = 79’ reads ‘HighCyl = 186’. This will give you a RAD drive of approximately 2Mb in size.
Qwhy is it that the majority of the manuals supplied with software and hardware defy anyone’s understanding!
R A Thorne, Shepherds Green, Henley Alt’s a sad fact that the manuals supplied with many products are so unreadable. What you must realise, though, is that manual writers are forced to strike a delicate balance that will appeal to both techies and beginners alike.
I really do see your point however, and I also agree that many developers should put more effort into making products easier to understand by including far more useful sections like tutorials and getting-started guides.
Why is software on the Amiga so much cheaper than on the PC?
Michael Morrin, Newtown abbey, Co Antrim How do I make a 2Mb RAD: drive under Workbench 2.0?
M Barker, Hull, East Yorkshire wnrmr E3 e I under Workbench 1.3, they keel over when run on a modified release of the operating system (Workbench
2. 0, for example).
T .Wkbencb2.3T 6isfecapy Trtw d‘4: Place SttKE disk t TOP disk ) in dm* Dft: Press '8ETBRH to continue Place BESTlianeN disk i TO disk ) in drive OFB: Pross RETH8t to continue Place SBSCE disk ( Pi® disk in drive DF8: Press -RETBRM to continue Place BESTWflTIEM disk TO disk ) in drive BfO: Pross 8ETRR to continue ver'ing 79, 8 to go OiskCapv finished.
1. Uomench2.8: endclil AmigaDOS has been widely criticised by
developers, users and reviewers. But you don't have to use it.
3 l«3 Workbench & From getting Workbench to work, to making your printer print - here's a round-up of all the popular questions asked time and time again with Jason Holborn giving you all the right answers... 150 ANNUAL 1993 A gigantic problem- busting, er, blowout was the main thrust of Amiga Format issue 31 (from which this cover image comes). In fact, in that issue we even showed you how to write your own games.
Your 'L’-plate days with the Amiga. You can either read through them 'en masse' (therefore preparing yourself for all eventualities), or simply use this as a trouble-shooting guide for when a problem does occur. Either way, we’re sure that this guide will prove to be not only educational, but it might even save you a fortune on headache tablets!
Firstly, a few guidelines. The Amiga is pretty complicated for a computer - many, many different people were involved in the design of it. And so it has various different influences. If you want to understand absolutely everything, expect to spend a few years in deep study.
You don't have to know that much to do most things though. It takes maybe 10 hours to 2et settled in with Workbench, to the stase where you know how to get programs going.
Stuff like changing the colours comes later.
These days, people who design computers and the programs that run on them are aware that most people just want to get things done - like most car drivers, they don't know much about the mechanics.
VIRTUALLY EVERYTHING IN life seems complex on first inspection - take driving a car, for example. Once you have a bit of driving experience under your belt though, even nightmare scenarios such as coping with rush- hour traffic will seem a doddle. But do you remember the frustration and anxiety that you had to suffer when you were first learning to drive a car?
Learning to use a computer as complex as the Amiga is pretty much the same, so don’t think you're bit of a thickie if you don't quite understand every aspect of the Amiga’s operation - you're just taking the first fun steps towards mastering a very exciting machine.
Even the people that write your favourite read Amiga Format of course) had to start somewhere. Although most of us can now regurgitate the Amiga ROM Kernel manuals backwards in our sleep, there was a time when even AF's technical editor Pat McDonald and my fair self didn't even know how to load a program from Workbench. Back then we were still learning, but look how far we've come now. As anyone who knows us will tell you, if we can master the Amiga then so can you!
It has to be said, though, that the Amiga is more complex than your average run-of-the- mill computer. This isn't necessarily a bad thing, it only goes to prove what a versatile and oh-so powerful computer you've bought.
Looking back over the three (and a bit) years of Amiga Format's existence, though, it's obvious that there are certain aspects of the Amiga that provide more than their fair share of frustration, printers being a prime example.
Over the next few pages, you will find the solutions to many of the simple everyday problems you're likely to encounter during GETTING STARTED Imagine the scene - you've just bought yourself a brand new Amiga and got it home only to find that you can't figure out how to get it up and running. If this sounds like the sort of problem you have, then let us put your mind at rest with these answers to some of the more commonly asked questions.
Q Although I have owned several 8-bit machines in the past, I cannot understand how to load certain programs on my new A600. I can load the games which came with my new machine, but I cannot get some disks to load when the machine is first switched on. What am I doing wrong?
A Whether or not you can load these programs when the machine is first switched on depends entirely on whether the disk is bootable - that is, whether it contains what is known as a ‘boot block’.
Virtually all games and most commercial software disks are bootable, but some public 151 ANNUAL 1993 A Your Amiga-owning friends are correct - you should never (and I repeat NEVER) connect or disconnect any device while the Amiga is switched on. Although you may not cause any damage for a while, all it takes is a slight misjudgment when messing around with the connectors to cause the Amiga to go pop - this even applies to joysticks and mice. Play it safe and always switch your machine off first.
Domain disks are not. To load the programs on a non-bootable disk, you therefore need to load up Workbench first from the Workbench disk that is supplied with your machine. Once Workbench has loaded, you can then swap disks and load the programs on your PD disks using the Amiga’s Workbench front end.
A I’ve been told by several Amiga- owning friends that I should never connect and disconnect anything from my Amiga when it is switched on. Will it damage my Amiga if I connect something like a printer while the machine is switched on?
Qpve just bought myself a secondhand A500 Plus after seeing a friend’s A600. Although the specifications are virtually identical, I cannot find the TV modulator connection. Mv friend’s A600 % has one, but there doesn’t seem to be one on mv A500. How can I connect mv A500 to a standard television?
A I’m afraid you are going to have to shell out a fair bit of cash to be able to connect your A500 to your television.
Although the A600 has a TV modulator connection as standard, all the other Amiaas in the range need a separate TV modulator. The model which works with the A500 or A500 Plus is called the A520.
Don't worry too much - these only cost £25-30 and are available from most good Amiga stockists. If your TV has a Scart connector, then you can get Amiga-Scart leads for £10-£15. If the worst comes to the worst, though, you can get details of where you can buy one from Commodore - 0628 770088 for more information.
A Any joystick that uses a standard Atari 9-pin ‘D’ connector will do the job providing that it is digital rather than analogue (analogue joysticks are rarely supported by games other than the occasional flight simulator). These days, most sticks list what they work with on the side of the box.
Different types of joystick are best for different types of game. Arcade platform games are easier with short joysticks. Longer sticks are better for simulations and slower games, where the reaction times are not so fast.
Just check through the ads in this publication and within Amiga Format every month for the best prices.
Personally I’d recommend the Konix Navigator or the Kempston Competition Pro.
Q Having recently bought an Amiga for playing games, I now need a joystick. What type of joystick do I need?
A The answer to this is simple - the machine that you own is running an older version of the Amiga's operating system.
Although software written for 1.3-based Amigas (this is the version of the operating system that you are probably running) is fairly compatible with 2.04-based Amigas (the A600 uses version 2.04 of the OS), the reverse is not true. If a piece of software or hardware says you need Workbench 2, then you have to have it or the product won't work.
However, it is possible to upgrade your machine to Workbench 2.04 by purchasing the
2. 04 Enhancer pack (this costs £79.95 and is available from most
suppliers). Upgrading to
2. 04 requires a new ROM chip to be fitted inside your Amiga, so
you may want to get an experienced engineer to carry out the
upgrade.
It's not majorly difficult, but I wouldn’t want to try after I’d had a few pints.
Having said all that, it isn’t really necessary to upgrade to Workbench 2.04 unless you really use the Amiga seriously. There are very few software titles available that are written specifically for Workbench 2.04. so the chances of finding a package that won't run on your Amiga is very remote. The number is going up gradually, but it will be years before nothing new is released for 1.3. If you don't have a 1.3 Workbench disk (commonly missing when you buy a second hand A500) then buy yourself a copy of the
1. 3 Enhancer pack. You used to be able to get them through mail
order, but most mail order companies have dropped it in favour
of the
2. 04 Enhancer pack. However if you call Commodore ® 0628 770088.
The company will certainly have a copy. A few companies do
just the 1.3 Workbench disk for about £10, but supplies are
gradually drying up so you had better be quick if you want
one. Qwhy is it that the Workbench disk supplied with my
friend’s A600 does not work on my second-hand A500? The only
difference that I can see between the two machines is that my
A500 displays a picture of a hand when it is first turned on
and his A600 has a very posh animated disk being inserted into
a drive. Is the A500 incompatible with the A600?
_ w w Saw | Use (rr4r iiiik g a Inpot Palette font Screenilod
* Printer Serial [Control HBPattern Pointer Overscan PrinterSfx
line m si m This is Workbench
2. 05 and you'll find there's far more space on disk than in the
previous release.
152 ANNUAL 1993 A virus protector program such as John Velthuis' will protect all your disks from digital germs.
Disk corrupted? Then you need Diskdoctor from your Workbench disk to help you rescue all your files.
A Back in the days of the early PC compatibles and 8-bit machines, computers were controlled by entering commands via the keyboard. This obviously required a fair bit of knowledge on the part of the user, simply because there were so many commands to remember and the syntax of each command was quite complicated.
However, some bright spark at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Laboratories came up with the idea of the WIMP system, a very clever idea which replaced these complicated commands with pictures called ‘Icons’.
Instead of typing a command, all you had to do was to move an on-screen pointer to the icon which represented the operation you wanted to do and then click a button on the mouse to select it - the computer would then interpret this selection and carry out the operation you required. Suddenly you didn't need to look up references to obscure typed commands
- you could leam by playing.
Jl Vim Qwcktr V6.15 by John Veldthuis. IblBlgl Workbench Power-up with Workbench and learn how to get the most from your Amiga... THE AMIGA’S WORKBENCH is undoubtedly the workhorse of the entire system.
Unfortunately, it can also be rather confusing if you're not used to using WIMP (Window, Icon, Menu. Pointer) based computers. If you want to get the most from your Amiga, then the answers on these pages should set you on the right tracks.
Qwhat is the Workbench and what will it enable me to do?
Fin iga Workbench 1582992 graphics fieri 8 other non oj Workbench Utilities Pictures Prefs use Ljbu| I IS ll| Systen Monitors UM Tools HonitorStore a Ran Disk Clurs Bits Although Workbench is very powerful and will certainly enable you to examine the contents of disks, load programs, copy disks, etc. nothing can touch AmigaDOS for gutsy power. AmigaDOS enables you to perform all sorts of house-keeping chores such as copy, renaming, deleting and generally organising the contents of disks.
However, if AmigaDOS has you stumped, we're here to help... Amiga DOS What is it? How does it work? All your AmigaDOS questions answered here... Qwhat are AmigaDOS and the CLI?
Are they the same thing?
A There are times when even the Amiga's Workbench is not powerful enough and so it is necessary to use the Amiga's CLI (or Shell), a command line-based method of controlling the Amiga which gives C' c you instant access to a variety of facilities not available through the Workbench. The CLI will enable you to copy disks, delete files and create directories and it provides a much The Amiga's Workbench is a development of these WIMP systems. Employing the same point-and-click user interface, the Workbench enables you to carry out operations such as loading programs, copying disks and perform
ing all sorts of disk-maintenance chores without having to remember complex commands and their syntax. All you need to know is the basics of how to use a WIMP system and you instantly have access to all the facilities that it has to offer.
Qwhen I try to format a disk from the Workbench, the window appears but the machine just locks up. Do you know what’s going on?
A This isn't a fault of the Amiga's at all
- you actually have a virus on your Workbench disk (the Lamer
Exterminator 2, to be precise). Buy yourself a virus killer and
run all your non-game disks through it.
Workbench Screen Paint Utilities LIB Etg ty Pixdisk [ i l l I I* l l Words Fenster ZeroVirus Edpies AmgaSheil:
l. SYSU Diskdoctor DF8: Disk Doctor VI.3.5 Insert disk to be
corrected and press RETURN Reading cylinder 79 Replacing file
Dr.CrossDCS Replacing file IV_.IEXT.info Replacing file
Tech.Ref.info Replacing file Tech Ref Replacing file HSDOS
Hard_Disk.info Replacing file Attach.DI8.info Replacing dir
DIAS Replacing file Disk.info Replacing file Systen.info
Replacing file Attach Replacing dir L Replacing file
HSDOS.Hard_Disk Replacing dir DEVS Replacing file READ.HE.info
Replacing file READ.HE greater level of control and
flexibility. It's a more precise tool for controlling the
Amiga.
All of the commands that you issue through the CLI are held on disk as separate files in a directory on your Workbench disk called ‘C Because they are not resident (that is, they’re not built into the Amiga's ROM), it is only possible to use them when the disk you have booted from has a *C' directory containing the commands you wish to use.
Another benefit of the CLI is that it enables you to write ‘Scripts'. Scripts are basically programs that you write that have more than one AmigaDOS command, therefore performing a function that would require you to enter several commands with just a single command preceded by the word ‘Execute'.
Qwhat is the Diskdoctor and how can I access it? Is it the same as the Diskdoctor ROM which was available for the BBC Micro?
A The Diskdoctor is a small program on the Workbench disk that can be used to rescue files on a corrupted disk. To use it, enter the CLI and type ‘Diskdoctor DFO:' and press return. When the Amiga asks you to insert the disk to be fixed, remove the Workbench disk and insert your corrupted disk. If Diskdoctor is successful (which it rarely is), copy all the files off the disk and on to a blank as soon as possible. You should then throw the old disk away.
Qis it possible to use commands such as Dir, Delete and copy without having to re-insert the Workbench disk every time vou enter a command?
* Alt certainly is. All you need to do is to copy the AmigaDOS
commands that you use most into the RAM disk and then set a
search path to the RAM disk so that AmigaDOS knows where to
find them using the command ‘Path RAM: Add'. Providing the
command has been copied to RAM. You should now be able to use
it without having to access the Workbench disk.
There is a way (if you have enough memory) to copy the whole of Workbench into the RAD disk. This requires a fair dollop of CLI knowledge, but not only do you avoid disk swapping, the machine won't need the Workbench disk back unless you turn it off.
That means you load from floppy once, and don't have to do it again. More details can be found in the User manual.
A friendly Workbench screen asking you for your printing preferences.
Presets ~ .±1 v Vi ¦i i i i i7t
• ISIS; generic Paper length (Lines): Left Hv9tn (Chars): Bight
Margin (Chars): Printer Port: Q| Parallel Print Pitch: 0!
18-Pica Paper Type: ft Faafotd Print Spacing: Oi ( ipi Paper Size: Oi Narrow Tractor Print finality: O' Draft Camel I 9tow I c _ Printers We show you how to turn your printer problems into simple solutions... BUYING A PRINTER is one thins, but set- ting it to work with your Amiga applications is a test for even the hardened user. We ease the pain with solutions to your printer problems.
QI want to buy a printer for my Amiga, but I*m unsure about what type to buy. My friend owns a PC and he tells me that it depends on the type of connector that the machine uses. He uses a ‘parallel’ printer, but he says there are also SCSI, Serial and AppleTalk printers available. What type does the Amiga use?
If you're thinking of buying a printer (maybe something like one of these lovely Citizens) have a quick read of these common printer problems and you won't go too far wrong.
A The Amiga can access basically two types of printer - parallel printers and serial printers. Serial printers require a fair bit of technical know-how to get running (setting up the Amiga's serial port can be a pig if you're not sure what you're doing). Your best bet is a parallel printer which connects to the Amiga via the parallel port.
The Amiga can use SCSI printers (these are usually only laser), although you will need to buy a SCSI controller to be able to drive them.
The majority of printers are parallel as standard these days, so go for a parallel printer.
Qpve just bought myself a dot matrix printer, but I cannot get it to work with my Amiga. Please explain what to do.
Alt's not possible to just plug in a printer and expect the Amiga to use it immediately. You need to tell the Amiga what type of printer you have so it knows how to communicate with it. Do this by using Preferences (on
1. 3-based Amigas) or two facilities in the Workbench 'Prefs’
drawer called Printer and PrinterGFX (on 2.0-based Amigas).
But before you can go any further, you need a file called a Printer Driver which acts as a sort of translator between the Amiga and your printer. The Amiga only generates a single set of printer codes which the printer driver takes and then translates into the codes that your printer can understand. If you are using a dot matrix printer, use either the EpsonX (for 9-pin printers) or the EpsonQ (for 24-pin printers) drivers. Printer drivers are held on your Workbench disk in a directory called 'Printers' which itself is in a directory called ‘Devs’.
To install your printer, load up the appropriate Preferences program (‘Preferences’ for
1. 3 and 'Printer' for 2.0) and then select the name of the
printer driver from the list you will be presented with. Next,
set the port which the printer is connected to - parallel or
serial. Once this is done, select ‘Save* and your printer will
be installed.
Q Having already tried to install my printer using the Preferences program, I cannot find a printer driver for my particular printer. What should I do?
A Which printer driver you use depends on what printer you own. Chances are that there isn't a driver available specifically for your printer (although Canon, Star and Citizen printer owners can buy these direct from the manufacturers), so you will have to use a printer driver that is compatible with the emulation mode available on your printer. If your printer has Epson emulation (most do), then use either the EpsonX or EpsonQ drivers.
Because of space limitations on the Workbench disk, not all the printer drivers that Commodore supplies are on this disk. You can find more drivers on your Extras disk. Just run the ‘Install Printer' program on your Workbench disk to access them. If this also proves to be fruitless, then you may find a driver in the public domain libraries.
QI cannot seem to be able to find a printer driver for my Postscript laser printer. Although ProPage will talk to the laser, I cannot print from programs such as Dpaint and Protext. Please advise.
153 no O O A PostScript is much different from conventional printer-control languages because it is a programming language in its own right. As a result, the software which drives a PostScript laser printer has to be specifically written to generate PostScript programs - ProPage is one example. There is no way of printing to a PostScript printer using the Amiga's standard printer driver system. If you want to print out pictures to your laser, the easiest way is to use ProPage. Create a page, drag out a picture box to the full size of the page, import the picture and then print out the page
from within the program. You may find that your PostScript laser also offers an Epson emulation though - if this is the case, set it to Epson emulation and then use the EpsonQ driver from within Preferences. I Qwhat different types of printers are available for the Amiga? What are the differences between them and which is the best?
A There are three different types printer commonly available for the Amiga - dot matrix printers (DMP), inkjet printers (bubblejets are the same) and laser printers. What printer you should use depends on the type of work you want to print. In issue 39 of Amiga Format we covered printers in full, but for those of you that missed that issue, here’s a summary of their pros and cons.
Dot matrix printers. Available in 9 and 24-pin varieties (the number of pins denotes quality - a 24-pin is better than a 9-pin), dot matrix printers are the most common form of printer available. They work by punching the character to be printed on to the paper through an inked ribbon, leaving the shape of the character on the page. Good for general text and graphics printing, although the quality of graphic printouts is questionable.
Inkjet printers. These work in a similar fashion to dot matrix printers, but instead of striking a ribbon with a set of wire heads, an inkjet actually sprays the dots on to the page through minute nozzles.
Although they are more expensive to run than dot matrix printers, inkjets provide laser-quality output without the high price, making them ideal for business letters, graphic printouts and low-budget DTP work.
Laser printers. For the ultimate in quality, you need a laser printer. Lasers work in a very similar fashion to photocopiers - that is, electrostatically charged ink particles are rolled on to a charged piece of paper and then heated to melt the ink particles to the page.
However, laser printers tend to be father expensive, although they really are the only choice for DTP if you want high quality results.
MOST AMIGA OWNERS will try their hand at programming the Amiga, only to find that it's not that easy at all. The Amiga is $ complex machine so programming on it is not going to be simple. Whether you choose to program in BASIC, C. Assembler or even AMOS, you will find a whole host of handy tips and solutions to all your programming problems right here.
Programming If you and your Amiga just aren't speaking the same language, then why not let us help you get back on talking terms... Qmy friend who owns a 1.3-based Amiga has a program called AmigaBASIC which he claims comes free of charge with all Amigas. Having recently bought an A600,1 cannot find this program.
Where is it?
A The reason why you can't find AmigaBASIC is because it's not bundled with the Amiga anymore. To be honest, it was never particularly good for anything other than simple programs, so it's no great loss. If you need a BASIC programming language, then go for either HiSoft BASIC (for applications programming) or AMOS Professional (for just about anything else including games).
Although some people have criticised Commodore for not including a programming language with the machine, this isn't actually true. Under 2.04 you have a very powerful programming language at your disposal called Arexx. Arexx isn't documented in the Amiga manuals, so you will have to invest in a book to leam how to use it. I personally recommend Using Arexx on the Amiga from Abacus. It is available from AdamSoft 0706 524304.
154 ANNUAL 1993 Qwhat programming languages are available for the Amiga? I already own AmigaBASIC, but it’s just not fast enough for my needs.
Getting to grips with the workings of the Amiga isn't as difficult or as daunting as it sounds. The AMOS range of programming languages is very accessible at all levels.
A Just about ever 7 language you can think of is now commonly available for the Amiga except for a few of the more obscure languages such as Occam and Cobol.
The most commonly used languages are C, Assembler. Modula-2 and BASIC, although versions of Forth. Pascal and Lisp are also available. Which language you choose is really down to personal preference and the type of programs you want to write. If you want to write high-speed games, then Assembler is the only choice (although Europress’ AMOS is also worth investigating). For serious applications programming, go for C or assembler.
Qis it possible to program the Amiga’s hardware and operating system routines from AmigaBASIC?
Alt is possible, but I wouldn't advise it simply because AmigaBASIC isn't really up to the job. On your 1.3 Extras disk you will find a series of ‘.bmap' files which are used to access the Amiga’s operating system routines. These routines employ some complex parameters, so you will also need a good book to explain which parameters are needed and how they should be passed (as a byte, as a byte pointer, a word or long word).
Do yourself a favour - buy a 'proper' programming language if you want to do this sort of thina. I recommend C for writing code that C accesses the operating system routines.
However, programming the Amiga's hardware is a different ball game altogether. All you need are the 'POKE' and ‘PEEK’ instructions which can be used to read and write values to the hardware registers. But don’t expect a massive speed increase in your code - although the hardware can run very fast, your programs will still be held back by AmigaBASIC's slow speed of operation.
Qis it possible to get a program written in AmigaBASIC to run from a bootable disk without having to load the interpreter first, or forking out £100 on HiSoft BASIC?
A Yes. All you have to do is to add the line ‘AmigaBASIC filename.BAS ’ ( filename.BAS being the filename of your AmigaBASIC program) to the StartUp- Sequence of the boot disk. Note that the AmigaBASIC interpreter must also be copied across into the root directory of the disk for this to work.
Although this method will work, the d 7 AmigaBASIC Interpreter is quite large and it runs programs very slowly, so I still think that you may be better off investing in a copy of HiSoft BASIC. Version 2 should be out by the time you read this, so get on the phone to HiSoft 0525 718181.
Ql’d like to be able to write my own games, but I’m not too brainy so I think that assembler will be a bit of a non-starter. Are there any other languages available that will do the same job but aren’t quite so complicated?
A If you want to write arcade games of commercial quality that require large sprites and very fast movement, then you’d be best off swotting up on assembler language. No other language even comes close to the speed of assembler which is why all professional games programmers use it. If your needs are a bit humbler though, then check out AMOS Professional from Europress software. AMOS, which is based around BASIC, provides direct support for high-speed hardware scrolling, blitter objects, sampled sound and animation through a series of simple-to-use commands. What's more, a compiler is also
available which will enable you to create stand-alone games.
If even AMOS seems too complex, then why not take a look at Easy AMOS. Easy AMOS was designed with beginners in mind and is therefore very easy to use. It will enable you to create pretty much the same results as its big brother, although a few of AMOS' more powerful features (its AMAL animation language, for example) have been stripped out to keep things as simple as possible.
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handle, AMOS Pro could be just the thing to get you programming your own games.
ALTHOUGH ALL AMIGAS now come with at least a 1Mb of RAM as standard, you will soon realise that even a megabyte isn't enough for hungry applications such as graphics, sound sampling and DTP. As many users have discovered, however, adding extra RAM isn't as straightforward as it may first seem.
Q Although my Amiga has 1Mb of RAM, when I load Workbench it tells me that I only have approximately 700k. Where’s the rest gone?
A As you already know. Workbench must be loaded from disk every time you wish to use it. And. As far as the Amiga is concerned, it is simply just a program like any other. As a result, it too is held in RAM which explains precisely where all that extra memory is going.
Applications eating up all your memory? The Amitek A600 memory expansion board will give you an extra 1Mb to work with.
QI have just sold my A500 and bought myself a new A600. I now have a spare 512k RAM expansion which I'd like to connect to my A600. Is this possible?
A You can relocate the chips on to a different board providing the board uses the same type of RAM chips, but I would be very surprised if you could find such a board.
Your best bet is to sell the board and put the money towards a new RAM expansion.
Q Which type of RAM expansion should I buy for my A500 - an oversized trapdoor expansion or one that connects to the side of mv machine?
A If your machine is still under guarantee. Then you will be better off going for a RAM expansion that connects to the side of your machine. The Amiga's trapdoor connector is only designed to handle 512k of expansion RAM. So manufacturers have had to employ a bit of hardware trickery to get the Amiga to recognise the extra RAM on oversized trapdoor expansions. This usually requires you to open up your Amiga to carry out a hardware modification, so don't even think of buying this sort of board unless you want to invalidate your guarantee. The RAM inside a side connector RAM expansion
generally tends to run faster too, although the difference is very slight.
Qis it possible to connect the trapdoor RAM expansion from an A500 to an A1500 or A2000? I want to upgrade.
There's a simple answer to this question - no. It's physically impossible.
A Is your machine eating RAM more quickly than you can provide? Upgrading isn't always as easy as it seems, so you might need a helping hand... 155 no O O Hard drives 5 Keep your hard drive driving fast and far into the future with these handy hints on safe data storage... Q FOR THE ULTIMATE in convenience, you need a hard drive. Hard drives can store considerably more than a standard floppy disk and will even load and save files much faster than the zippiest disk drive. Find out how you can keep your drive hard drivin' for years to come.
Qwhat is a hard drive? Is it the same as a floppy drive? If not, what’s the difference and why are they so expensive?
A Unlike a floppy disk, hard drives are what is known as ‘fixed media'. That is, a single drive is used to store all your data.
Although this may sound limiting, hard drives are much better than floppy disks because they can store considerably more data than the floppy and will load and save files far more quickly. While an Amiga floppy can only hold 880k of data, even the cheapest hard drives these days can hold at least 40Mb of data (that's over 45 disks' worth of data).
A Most modem hard drives offer auto head parking as standard, so its technically not necessary to manually park the drive yourself. That said, it's still a good idea to get into the habit of parking a hard drive yourself just to be absolutely safe.
Qwhy is it that hard drives always seem to slow down after a few months’ use? Is there anything that I can do to rectify this problem ?
A Hard drives slow down after continued use due to what is known as 'fragmen- tation'. Fragmentation happens when a drive starts to get full. Because the files on the drive are not neatly arranged to make optimum use of free space, it is often necessary for the hard drive controller to split larger files up into a Is it necessary to park a hard drive before switching off an Amiga?
Series of smaller files. Although this operation is totally transparent to the user, it can sometimes result in a noticeable decrease in speed simply because the files have to be pieced back together when they are reloaded. To cure this you will need a program such as OuartevBack Tools. It's available from HB Marketing ® 0753 686000.
Qwhat are the differences between SCSI, IDE and XT hard drives?
Surely all hard drives are the same?
A Although the magnetic disks inside a hard drive are the same, the drives themselves vary depending upon what type of connectors and control systems they use. SCSI and AT-IDE are the fastest and most common types available for the Amiga, while the XT standard is now rarely used simply because it was so damned slow (early A590s used XT drives!). | If you're using some hefty programs, then get your Amiga upgraded. You'll save your self a lot of time, patience and effort... AT THE HEART of every Amiga is a central processor that acts as the brain of the machine.
Although the Amiga's standard brain, the Motorola 68000. Is a pretty mean performer, it can still leave you waiting during heavily maths-intensive applications such as ray tracing and solid modelling. For your reading pleasure, we present a pot-pourri of handy hints and solutions dedicated entirely to speeding up your Amiga.
Qwhat type of processor does the Amiga use and how fast is it in real terms? Is it possible to speed it up?
A The Amiga uses a Motorola 68000 running at 7.14 Mhz, the same processor that is used inside the Atari ST and early Apple Macs. The 68000 is growing a bit long in the tooth these days, so it's not surprising that Motorola has since released faster and more powerful processors based around the 68000, the latest of which is the 68040. All you need to speed your machine up is a processor accelerator card that uses one of these faster processors.
Q What’s the difference between a 68020, a 68030 and a 68040 processor? Which is best?
A Unlike the 68000, all three of the processors you have mentioned are true 32-bit processors. The 68020 was the first to arrive, closely followed by the 68030 and then the 68040. In general, each is faster and more powerful than the last. To make things even more confusing, though, Motorola is soon to release the 68050. An even faster processor than the 68040.
Q What is a maths co-processor?
A As the name suggests, a maths co-processor is a separate processor in its own right that has been designed specifically for the task of handling number crunching many times faster than a CPU chip such as the 68000. It is therefore ideal for maths-intensive applications such as ray tracing and solid modelling. There are two types available - the 68881 and the 68882. The 68882 is the fastest of the two and is generally- used in conjunction with either a 68030 or 68040 processor.
Qlf I add a faster processor to my machine, will it speed it up significantly? If I buy a 16MHz 68020. Will my machine run twice as fast?
A If you add a faster processor to your machine you will notice a speed increase, but the processor card still won't be running at its full potential unless you add some 32-bit RAM. Because the Amiga's RAM is only 16-bit. True 32-bit processors such as the 68020 will be held back. Most processor cards provide slots for 32-bit RAM. Therefore you need to make sure that your processor card comes with at least a megabyte of 32-bit RAM if you wish to see any significant increase in speed.
Qwill upgrading to a 68010 speed up my Amiga? I have seen these for sale for as little as £10.
A To be perfectly honest, upgrading to the 68010 is more hassle than it's worth. Although you will get something like an eight per cent increase in speed, you may find a lot of software refuses to work with this processor simply because certain instructions within the 68010 are what is known as ‘privileged instructions' (trying to move the contents of the status register to an address will crash the machine, for example).
Ql’ve recently bought a processor accelerator to speed up my ray tracing, but I’ve since found that some of my games don’t work with it. What’s wrong?
A I'm afraid you're suffering from what is generally known in the trade as 'shoddy programming'. That is, the programmers of the games that crash on your machine wrote the games in such a way that they are incompatible with anything other than a bog- standard 7.14MHz Amiga. If you really want to keep these games. I'm afraid all you can do is to sell the card and buy one that offers a 68000 fallback mode.
AMIGA FORMAT WM ANNUAL 1993 Accelerators Qwhat is a memory management unit (MMU)? Is it worth having?
A Memory Management Units are really a bit of a con as far as the Amiga is concerned. Although both the 68030 and the 68040 actually have them built in as standard, don't even consider buying one unless you intend to run something like the UNIX operating system on your machine. MMU’s are for use on multitasking operating systems that have been specifically written to take advantage of them. Although the Amiga multitasks, it uses what is known as ‘software memory management' which basically means that the Amiga mimics an MMU through some very clever programming. To get the Amiga operating
system to take advantage of an MMU would require major rewriting of the OS code.
Qwhy are processor cards which use the same chip (the 68030, for example) rated at different speeds? I’ve seen adverts for 030-based cards running at 16MHz, 25MHz, 33MHz, 40MHz and even 50MHz. If all these cards use the same chip, shouldn't they all run at the same speed?
A Processors are like cars - although an Escort is basically an Escort, there's a great deal of difference between an Escort 1.1 and an Escort Cosworth. Like car manufacturers, companies like Motorola are continually enhancing their products, often resulting in faster chips becoming available. Take the 68040 - although only a 25MHz version is currently available, Motorola is shortly to release a 33MHz version of the same chip.
Another factor that will dictate the speed of a processor card is the speed of its timing crystal. On some processor cards, it's possible to speed the processor up still further simply by fitting a faster timing crystal (a 25MHz A3000 can be speeded up to something like 28MHz using this method, for example).
1992 HAS MOST definitely been a very exciting year for the Amiga - the past 12 months has seen the release of Workbench 2, the Enhanced Chip Set. 24-bit colour cards and faster accelerators, not to mention the arrival of two new Amigas in the shape of the A500 Plus and the new A600.
It's not at all surprising, then, that 1992 has also been a year in which the level of frustration among both new and experienced Amiga users has intensified. Add to this the sort of problems that we?ve always had to suffer, and it's not all that surprising that more and more new users and techies alike have been applying for hair transplants after suffering fits of frustration.
Through our Answerfile and Workbench pages, we've noticed that more and more users are stumbling across the same old problems time and time again.
These basically break down into two areas - incompatibility problems and old favourites such as installing a printer. Both of these are the sort of problems that have plagued Amiga users from day one, but they've been aggravated beyond belief by the arrival of the new Amigas.
Even the techies have had to suffer their fair share of frustration caused by new developments in the Amiga range. Take software compatibility problems caused by the arrival of Workbench 2 on the A500 Plus and A600.
For example. Although software and hardware developers are now starting to get their acts together, there were quite a few developers threatening to throw themselves off the nearest high-rise building when the A500 Plus first hit town. Even I suffered quite a number of sleepless nights when the software that was installed on my hard drive refused point-blank to work after I upgraded to Workbench 2.04. Let me assure you, though. _ even the techies can get caught out occasionally.
Such problems are bound to happen when an operating sys- tern as complex as the Amiga's goes through the kind of exten- sive overhaul that went into Workbench 2. So who's to blame? Is it Commodore's fault for producing an operating sys- tern (OS) that wasn't totally compatible with everyone's software? Or is it the fault of developers for not writing code that would work on future operating system revisions?
In some ways, it's a bit of both.
Commodore has been warning developers that they should always stick to programming guidelines ever since they released the A1000.
But even certain titles that followed these guidelines fell over on 2.04-based Amigas.
C Another problem is that Commodore keeps revising the guidelines - I remember back in the days of the early A 1000s. Commodore actually warned developers that they should never program the Amiga directly. Back in Jason Holborn, technical writer for Amiga Format, sees incompatibility as one of the Amiga's biggest clangers and warns that it's about to get worse... its of ustration 157 ANNUAL 1993 only provides far faster code operation and more flexibility, but it is also a darned sisht easier. Just take a look at some of the arcade games that we have around today - if games programmers were to
write their wares through the operating system routines, the chances are that a same such as Team 17‘s impressively coded Project X may never have seen the light of day.
Workbench 2 hasn't been totally to blame for the incompatibility problems that users have had to suffer. As our recent reader survey
* Although developers are starting to get their acts together,
there were quite a few of them threatening to throw themselves
off the nearest high-rise building when the A500 Plus first hit
town. Even I suffered a few sleepless nights9 vividly shows
(issue 37), more and more of you are expanding your machines
beyond their basic specifications. With the prices of such
things as RAM expansions and hard drives dropping faster than
share prices, add-ons which were previously dream material are
finally within the reach of the average user. A much greater
percentage of you are adding extra RAM, hard drives, processor
accelerators and graphics boards to your Amigas. Only to find
that products from different manufacturers don't always see eye
to eye.
These problems usually come down to a simple case of developers having to work around restrictions in the Amiga's hardware design to get their products to work faster and those days, programming the Amiga's hardware through assembler code was positively shunned. These days, of course, such a practice is commonplace.
Programming the Amiga via the operating system routines is fine for applications programming. But the OS routines just are not fast enough for arcade games, hence the reason that the first thing most games programmers do within their code is to boot the operating system out of the window and into the trash can.
Programming the hardware directly not Computing have to build in anti-click and backup hardware into their external drives - but they did, just to give you the choice of a superior product.
Of course, the peculiarities of the operating system and individual product incompatibility can compound, making the task of sorting it all out even more of a headache. The best thing you can do to save yourself this sort of hassle is to check compatibility before you buy. OK. It's not always possible to know that the hard drive you buy today will be compatible with the processor card you eventually intend to buy, but at least you'll be cutting down considerably on the amount of frustration you'll have to suffer in the future.
Another good bet is to always keep your eye on the reviews and news section within the pages of Amiga Format - we've got pretty porky Amigas ourselves, so if a particular product is going to fall over, you can bet we’ll notice it first.
I'm afraid the problems of incompatibility aren't over yet though - if you thought 1992 was bad just you wait for the arrival of Workbench 3 and the Double-A chip set.
Amiga development is accelerating at such a pace these days that conundra like those I've discussed earlier are 2oin2 to become even more evident.
Commodore itself has already indicated that we can expect to see even more software falling over - such is the price of progress, I suppose. Let's just hope that both Commodore and developers have learnt from the mistakes of the past and have started producing software and hardware that will run on future Amigas. Personally though, I think we're still in for a bit of a bumpy ride.
Better. Most developers don't want to just make a quick profit - they genuinely want to give you the best possible product that you can buy. If this is only possible by employing a bit of trickery that may upset other products, then that's a risk they are willing to take.
If developers were to produce products that got the job done but little else, the quality of Amiga add-ons would never really advance.
Let's face it. GVP didn't have to build in support for such things as PC emulators in their Impact HD8+ drive. Neither did Power WW SETTING THE SCENE The Eighties was a decade of consolidation. Nothing original came out of the decade at all, we just developed old ideas. But we’ll pay the price in the Nineties, ’cos we won’t have anyone coming up with anything new any more.
Thus spake Tim Smith, Amiga Format features editor, in the upstairs room of Bath pub Hatchetts, the magazine’s favourite lunchtime haunt. Over yet another solid and filling meal (egg, chips and beans), we were arguing about the movement and the future of technology.
“No. You’re completely wrong,” objected Damien, in his usual conciliatory fashion. “Just think about the Ford Sierra. When it came out, everyone thought it was just an ugly blob, the ‘jelly mould’. But now everyone’s driving cars with rounded, aerodynamic shapes. That sort of change is significant. It’s technology making an impact on society.” “Wow, the Ford Sierra. Is that all we’ve got to show for a decade of technology?” objected Tim. “What about the CD player?” Karl pointed out.
“What about video, which really took off in the Eighties, or the camcorder?
What about the home computer, which wasn’t really heard of until 1982?” 158 Tim was resolute. No inventive leaps had been made of late, he suggested, and weren’t likely to be. But the rest of us agreed that, while nothing has changed greatly for the last five or six years, there was a lot of emerging technology - stuff that has been worked on, perfected and is almost ready to go. And there’s plenty of opportunity to combine existing technology in new7 ways.
ANNUAL 1993 The future of tech This article is a result of that discussion. It’s a tale of the science-fiction world of the next two or three years, during which we could see a great many changes in our society as a result of technological advances that have been made during the last two or three vears. Welcome to the future... Welcome to a special edition of the bit of Amiga Format that turns beyond the bizarre, computer-created world of the Amiga and discovers an even more bizarre reality in everyday life. Yep, it's a funny old game, and truth certainly is stranger than fiction. But for
now let's get a little bit serious: let's take a look at what life could be like in the future; let's see how science-fiction technology could enter our living rooms soon.
Video on CD is already a reality. OK, so you can’t buy it. But take our word for it - it’s here and it will be in the shops very soon.
You would have to be incredibly stupid to go out and buy one of those 12-inch laserdisc players which are currently being foisted on the Great British public once more. It’s a desperate last attempt to get some kind of pay-back on the makers’ investment before the whole laserdisc thing is blown out of the water in 1993.
The key to digital video is the ‘MPEG FMV chip set’, which has frequently been referred to in Amiga Format of late. But if you’ve missed the thread, ail those abbreviations will need explaining, so here goes... MPEG is the Motion Picture Expert Group, a bunch of scientists and technical experts who are funded by the major electronics companies of the world. Their job has been to come up with a way of making it possible to store video images digitally, on a Compact Disc, and play the disc on a digital video player.
They’ve had to overcome one major obstacle - the amount of data that needs to be transferred.
Television runs at 25 frames per second (25 different images are displayed every second to give the illusion of movement) so you need to load that amount of pictures every second from your CD. A full-colour TV picture is a pretty large data file, however, and the problem is that a CD player simply cannot transfer data as quickly as is necessary.
The solution is to compress the data on the disc, then decompress it again after it’s been loaded from the disc. This is what MPEG has been working on, and in August this year the group finally got it right. The CD, FMV, DIGITAL VIDEO result is the FMV chip set. FMV stands for full-motion video (though it actually refers to full-screen, full- motion video - it’s easy to do, say, quarter-screen motion because the smaller the picture is, the less data there is). The FMV chips will be made available, at a price, to any electronics company that wishes to incorporate FMV into its new machines.
Currently, though, the problem is solved, but the small matter of getting that technology into a production machine remains. Just a couple of weeks ago, on breakfast TV, it was claimed that Philips will have FMV incorporated into its CD-I machine by Christmas. This is, to say the least, pretty unlikely.
What is certain, however, is that by Spring next year digital video players will be a possibility. Using the MPEG techniques, no more than 78 minutes of video footage and stereo soundtrack can be squeezed on to a normal 12cm Compact Disc, so feature films may have to come on two-disc sets - with a break to make a cup of tea in the middle.
Digital video will have immense advantages. For starters, Cds are much less susceptible to wear and tear than videotapes and so are bound to be more popular as a medium, but there are other benefits.
Because each frame is stored individually, the freeze-frame will be absolutely perfect. And if you want to see a particular scene, you will be able to jump straight to it, using timings written on the sleeve-notes.
Pretty amazing, eh?
So the technology for digital video is lined up and ready to go. The only possible reasons why it might not be available next year are economic. It’s been suggested that the Japanese economy is in a regressive stage where new products are not likely, and product ranges will shrink to emphasise the successful ranges.
It’s also true that in both music and video, the big Japanese firms have been getting heavily into controlling the software side. Sony, for example, now owns a couple of the largest record companies and film studios. If it decides that it doesn’t want to have a new format for video out in 1993, it might not happen.
But otherwise, digital video on normal-size Cds will be here next year. And there’s one last consideration worth bearing in mind. If you have an Amiga with a CD drive now, it’s a hi-fi CD audio player as well. If you have an Amiga with a CD drive and the FMV chip set in next year, it could be an Amiga, a CD audio player and a digital video player all rolled into one. And that would be amazing.
IDEAS THAT WONT (OR SHOULDNT) TAKE OFF Digital radio, which uses similar compression techniques to FMV, is completely unnecessary. Radio already sounds as good as it needs to, so the only reason for it must be to sell more new radios.
Home shopping is a doomed concept, simply because the vast majority of us enjoy the activity of going out and spending money. We even window- shop when we can’t afford to buy anything!
CD magazines and books, while they are going to be exciting in some ways, will never be as popular as the printed article simply because people like books as objects.
Holographic TV is one of the real cliches. Sadly it will never, ever happen simply because the techniques of real-time holographic capture of images and projection of those images are impossible to crack. Sorry ’n all.
VIDEOPHONES AND COLOUR FAXES An obvious feature of most science fiction movies for the last 30 or 40 years, the video telephone is no longer just a pie-in-the-sky idea: it's here.
Last month, BT held a press conference to announce the first trials of its new videophone system.
Will it take off? Well, common sense says it won't, or not in a hurry. Unlike the fax machine, which makes the transmission of a visual image an invaluable part of modern business communication, it has no real practical application. It's just a nice, friendly idea which will become popular in the home only when it's just as cheap as a voice-only phone. Like many other technologies of the moment, the video phone is made possible by massive data compression. The same technology makes the colour fax a real possibility: especially when you consider that the JPEG (Joint Picture Expert Group) com
pression system that squeezes a 1 Mb image into 40K is already in wide use.
Imagine hooking a colour scanner with JPEG compression up to a colour printer on the other end of a phone line and you've got a colour fax.
Then again, attach a colour scanner to an Amiga, the Amiga to a modem, squirt images down to another Amiga fitted with a colour printer and you could have a colour fax system tomorrow. Any takers?
A BIT OF FUN!
Flat-screen, wide-screen, high-definition TV Do not adjust your set not for three years at least. That's how long we reckon it'll take to establish high-definition TV.
159 Electric cars It's already known [hat General Motors in the States has a prototype electric sportscar that can do 120mph and has a range of 250 miles. The main psychological barrier with electric cars, however, is that they need to be recharged, and that takes time. Who wants to wait at a petrol station for four hours to fill up the tank? However, what people tend to forget is that you don't have to wait for the batteries to be recharged.
JAL 1993 twists of emotion experienced when we want a happy ending, but the ending is poignantly sad.
So is there a future for interactive television? We believe so, and it's going to be of more relevance to live television than it is to the passive medium of a narrative video or film. When broadcasting can handle the quantities of data needed, choice will be the key.
The medium is likely to be pioneered by a major sports event - perhaps the 1994 World Cup soccer finals in America. Imagine if, rather than having to sit there and watch whatever the director decides to show you, you are equipped with a remote control that features a joystick, allowing you to switch instantly to any of eight different camera angles and viewpoints filming the match. The views could be shown picture-in-picture down the side of the screen, for you to choose from. This way you could form Sampling, not recording We’re used to digital audio with Cds taking over and we know
that analogue audio cassettes won’t last. We’ve seen Improved cassette recording systems come and go - various forms of noise reduction, metal tapes - but they can’t hold back the tide of progress and now we’re finally seeing the emergence of two digital recording media.
Philips has its digital compact cassettes, while a rival system that records to miniature floppy disks is being pioneered by - correct me if I’m wrong - Sony. But will they take off?
Who can say.
Both systems involve magnetic media which are doomed eventually to be replaced by read-write CD. But the concept they pioneer is interesting, because digital recording is actually sampling.
This means it’s possible that as well as simply recording on a high-end digital system, you will be able to manipulate the sound too. Hi-fi buffs will be able to buy an expensive system and then tinker with the mix, creating a sound they prefer. You will be able to create your own remixes of your favourite songs. If you have a collection of old vinyl records, you will be able to record them and then filter or edit them to remove the clicks and scratches. In other words, interactive music is just around the corner.
Right: Philips' DCC (Digital Compact Cassette), the first widely-available digital recording system.
Philips is already making a piUh for interactive TV with its CD-I machine and the advertising slogan Without CD-I, you're only using half of it'. Frankly, though, from what we've seen to date, the cause of interactive television is not too likely to be pioneered by Philips CD-I.
The best example of interactive television to date is, in fact, the computer game. The only significant development beyond that has been the educational exploration game, a genre pioneered excellently by BBC Multimedia's 'A Bun for Barne on Amiga CDTV, and better yet by the amazing 'Sesame Street' on Philips CD-I.
But if 'Sesame Street' on CD-I is the height of interactive TV we might as well give up on the idea now. So how are we to start using the other half of our telly?
What most people seem to expect of interactive video is a vague notion of For a substantial period of time now, scientists have been working on various technologies for flat televisions that you can hang on a wall.
The route to success is akin to that used in LCD screens, but for various .reasons would have to be very different on a large television.
The preferred route has been through the development of chemicals that change colour when an electrical current is passed through it. These could be switched rapidly to give a TV picture. Since the early 1980s, researchers have been working on this sort of thing at Oxford University, for example, though we have yet to hear of any success or a commercial application.
But flat-picture Tvs will come.
They will probably be accompanied by flat-picture electrostatic speakers of the kind that have been available (at a price) to hi-fi buffs for many years already. In a couple of years' time, we reckon, you will be hanging your output devices - TV and hi-fi speakers - on your wall.
The other big change in TV is already on the way. High-definition TV (HDTV), which doubles the pixel resolution of normal TV for a much more precise image, is on the way already. And wide-screen Tvs, taking control over events in a normal fictional narrative - 'playing the part' of Arnie in Terminator 2', for example. At best, this option is already covered - it's computer adventure games. A Monkey Island 3' on Amiga CD, for example, might feature full recorded speech and lip-synchronised animation, on top of full HAM graphics that are darn near as colourful as a TV picture.
And other games are already being developed which involve actors filmed in full video sequences which will be incorporated into the game.
At its worst, an interactive movie would be like one of those adventure game books which enjoyed brief popularity with young people lately - 'if you want to go West, turn to page 21' type of thing. Naff indeed. Plus the fact that no-one actually wants to take control over the narrative of a movie, thereby abandoning if not the twists and surprises of the plot, then certainly the which mirror the ‘letterbox’ format of cinema screens, are also a certainty and will probably be the standard format for HDTV.
One interesting point, which we’ve never yet heard discussed, is that computer games will need to be able to take advantage of widescreen formats in the future, so somebody will steal a march by including an overscan display mode at the right resolution in their computers. Will it be Commodore?
And if you imagine what a difference it could make to gameplay, say. In a sideways-scrolling shoot- ’em-up. Where you could see the enemies a lot earlier, wide-screen TV could in fact cause the biggest change yet to computer games - which haven't really changed since their invention in the late Seventies.
The major delay to HDTV is going to be establishing a new broadcasting standard, which involves not only immense technical difficulties
- the usual business of not being able to shift enough data
quickly enough - but also incredible bureaucratic problems,
with Europe-wide agreements needing to be negotiated. It will
come, but we give it three years at least.
Home video rental The FMV chip set also makes it possible for ‘pay per view’ cable TV channels to take the place of video rental, so much so that Commodore UK’s MD Kelly Sumner confidently predicts that video rental shops will die out inside three years. Already, a trial is being conducted in the USA for a system where you dial your order for whatever movie you want, from a list of two or three hundred.
All you need is a network of electric stations across the country, just as you now have petrol stations. When the warning light shows you're low on juice, you just pull in and swap your battery pack for a charged one. You wouldn't pay the price of the battery, because that would be owned by the power company, like milk bottles are owned by the dairy. All you would pay for is the electricity it contains.
This system is technically and economically viable right now, and the way unleaded fuel pumps have sprung up across the country over the last couple of years shows that a radical change can be organised easily enough. All it needs is an incentive from the government. But could the multinational oil firms afford to let it happen?
Your own picture of the pattern of play, concentrating on the striker making runs off the ball, for instance, rather than on the midfielder about to make the pass. And you would never have to think 'did that go in?' Because you could switch to a view where the 25- yard shot obviously clears the post by two feet.
The same could be applied to commentary: if you take a dislike to the clumsy comments of the guy you're listening to, switch to a second or third commentator instead.
Whereas the concepts for other forms of interactive TV are somewhat over-ambitious considering today's technology, this is realistic and possible. All eight views would be fed to your TV in the normal way and stored in RAM, so there would be no time delay involved in picking what you wanted to see. If interactive TV has a future, this will be where it starts.
Anglia PD
(P) = Works on A500, A500 Plus and A600 (9c) = Magazine review
score DEJA-VU IN STOCK 1-85 £3.99 EACH!
CREDIToI HOME MANAGEMENT PACK 3 DISKS (P) £2.97 Calender, Mortgase, Spreadsheet, Grammar, Milease, World Time, Budget, Chequebook, Database, Typing Tutor, Typewriter, Grocery, List Maker, Home Banking.
CLIPART PACKS 1, 2 OR 3 EACH PACK = 5 DISKS £4.95 3 different packs of 5 disks, all full of the very best clipart for Dpaint etc. (P) FONTS PACK 1 OR 2 EACH PACK = 5 DISKS £4.95 2 different packs of 5 disks, pack 1 contains.• Publisher fonts, various fonts, forts disk 2, Cosmopolitan fonts, large fonts (leads of great fonts for Dpaint etc.) (P) ANGLIA COLOURFONTS PACK 1 OR 2 (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 5 disks full of original colour fonts produced here at Anglia.
These are 16 colour fonts - not cut and pastel They are produced in the same way as the chisel font supplied with Dpaint and the Kara range of commercial fonts' Tney are typed straight in and work with Dpamt and TV Text EDUCATION PACK 1 (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 German, Globe, Geotime, Drawmap, Evolution, Clouds, Formula, Airfoil, Gravity Sim, Weather, Wave Maker and mere!! (This pack is coe of our best sellers and is incredible value for money) ASTRONOMY PACK (P) 4 DISKS £3.96 This superb pack now includes Star Chart, Amigazer, Total Concepts Astronomy, Gravity Well, Grav Sim, Orbit, Planet and Fast
facts on the solar system.
PRINTER USER PACK 2 (P) (NEW) 4 DISKS £3.96 A completely new collection of programs to help ycxu get the best out of your printer' Includes: Diskprint V3.51 (Disk labels), MCMaster (Cassette covers), Printfiies, JBSPocI, Envprint (Envelopes), New Pnnt (Margins - Headers Footers etc) and mere SIMULATIONS PACK (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 A of the best PD simulators in one pack1 Metro - Be a city planner, King Oil - you are J R.1 Nuke - Nuclear arms race, Impreium Romanum - Grab ancient Mediterranean pcw.er, Sealance - Save the world with your nuclear sub Truckm - Run your own tnjekin company DC10 -
Learn to fly a DclOjet, Lore of Conquest - Two players. Take oner me galaxy* Insiders Club - Superb stockmarket simulator, Ar Warmer - Take you pick from a huge range of aircraft with this excellent flight simulator!
EASY BUSINESS PACK (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 All programs included are oov.erful but easy! Includes: Text Engine V3 (The very latest wordprccessor), Spread Vl (Spreadsheet), Qbase (Simple Database), Bbase II (Good Database), Sankn (Great accounts package), X-Spell (Spell checker), Print Studio.
INTERMEDIATE BUSINESS PACK (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 Wordwright (Wcxdprocessor including Mail Merge and Macros!), S-Calc (Good Spreadsheet), Amibase Pro 2 (Stunning PD Database - New!), Amigaspell (Spell Checker), LS Label (Infinite label control), Messysid V2 (Amiga File Management + PC File Transfer), Amiga Fox (Desktop Publishing) DISK EXPERT PACK (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 If you want to learn more about your Amiga, get this pack' - You'll be a disk expert in no time! Includes Power Packer (Easy file compacter), Sid (Brilliant CLI Replacement Tool!), Icon mama (Change any Icon in seconds), Fixdisk,
Vruschecker V5.3, D-Copy (Copies, Repairs, Formats and more), CLI Tutorial (All you need to know) and 202 other utilities'!!
"C PROGRAMMERS PACK (P) 6 DISKS £5.94 A complete ’C anguage and superb instruction manual provde all you need to learn the 'C' language, includes North C (2 dis! s) and the C Manual (4 disks) MED V3.21 MUSIC PACK (P) 4 DISKS £3.96 MED is widely recognised as the best music package, PD or otherwise!! This cack contains V3.21, the latest version complete with loads of digital samples, a disk full of MED music scores and some great MED music to load and play! Listen to what your machine is capaole of!
500+ CLASSIC GAMES PACK (P) 5 DISKS £4.95 An incredible collection of superb commercial quality arcade games! Hours of fun for both kids and adults. Includes: Defender, ~Gaiaxians, Scramble, Missile Command, Pac-Man, Bi-Planes, Drip!, Space Invaders, Asteroids, Breakout, Tetris + more!
CARD + BOARD GAMES 2 (P) 4 DISKS £3.96 Another outstanding collection! 38 very gooa Thinking' Games!: Chess V2, Backgammon, blackbox, Tcrwers, Pipe, Zerg, Maze, Ckuedo, Connect4, Dominoes, Draughts, Othello, Go Moku, Dragon Tiles, Klondike, Canfield, Mastermind, Wocdsearch, Hangman, Pontoon and many more.
PUZZLES PACK 3 (P) 3 DISKS £2.97 6 brand new graph, ical puzzle games, all brilhartfy done, guaranteed to keep you playing!: Ash ido, Flag Catcher, Rothello, Guadnx, Paragon, Technoban PC EMULATOR PACK (P) (NEW!) 3 DISKS £2.97 Includes the incredible PCTask CGA. Emulator and two disks full of PC Public Doma.n ScHvare.
C MANUAL V3 PACK (P) (NEW!) 5 DISKS £4.95 Tne Amiga C Encyclopedia consists of six manuals with more than 40 chapter, 175 fully executable examples, utilities and other goodies. It all adds up to a complete work cn how to program in Con the Amiga. Expands onto 12 disks!
KIDS EDUCATION PACK (P) (NEW!) 2 DISKS £1.98 Includes: Hooray fcr Henrietta ard Henrietta's Bock cf Spells. Lots of reefy ckne semes for teaming simple maths and spelling. Fy 5 yeas and over.
SINGLE DISKS AT ONLY 99p!
BUSINESS B321 (P) (85%) Amgafcx (English Desk Top Publishing) B322 (P) (95%) 600 Business Letters (Superb! - Ready to use) B326 (P) (96%) Texlplus V3 (VejyComprehersne Wordprocesscr) B330 (P) (80%) AMIGAsh (Superb new bank account manager) B331 (P) (92%) QED (Very good wordprccessor for beginners) B332 (P) (90%) U-Edit V3. OA (Latest and greatest word pro) B333 (P) (86%) Am base Professional 2 (Now PD' - Super database) 8335 (P) (92%) Forms unlimited ( Design invoices etc, quickly) 8327 (P) (86%) Text Engine V3.4 (great looking wordprccessor) B339 (P) A-Graph (Produce Bar + Line Graphs
easily!)
B340 (P) (85%) Sbase II V5.5. Latest Database now includes better printouts and mailing labels!
B342 (P) (New!) WordpO'wer (Great spell checker with crosswad and anagram sofving too!)
B344 (P) (NEW)Tne Money Program (Very nice accounts package) UTILITIES U416 (P) (70%) Ch Tutorial (Learn all about it) U437 (P) (95%) D-Copy V2 (Now an even better disk copier!)
U495 (97%) Viruschecker V6.15 (P) (Tne latest - For the plus too!)
U496 (P) (95%) Messysid V2 (Reads and writes PC disks) U497 (P) (95%)A500~ Utilities (For the A500-r only!)
U4006 (P) Farcy disk label designer (The best!)
U4007 (P) (93%) Disk Optimiser (Fast disks, DH0-. Too!)
U4008 (P) Sid V2 (It's superb!!! Fully functional!)
U4009 (P) Amiga Tutorial (A beginners manual on disk, superb!)
U4011 (P) Race Rater. Horse race predictor - Good (NEW!)
U4012 (P) (92%) Magnetic Pages VI.3. Produce your own superb disk magazines (NEW!)
U4018 (P) (New!) Clips! (100% full of structured clip art for Pagestream, Pro Page etc!)
U4020 (P) (NEW!) A Gere V4.18 (Latest Genealogy Program) U4021 (P) (NEW!) A Backup (Fantastic, easy to use HD Backup) GAMES G6019 (P) A500+ Games (21 Games for the Plus!)
G6022 (P) Cluedo (100% accurate version) G6025 (P) Monopoly (excellent American version!)
G6027 (P) (91%) Lothian. Superb ultima type adventure - great graphics - hordes of monsters! (NEW) G6028 (P) (95%) DefenderI (Arcade conversion - Bnlliant!)
G6033 (P) (NEW) Wots Its Name (Very good general knowledge board game) G6034 (P) (NEW) Crossmaze (excellent crossword quiz game) G6035 (P) (NEW) Kiakths (Superb 'Columns' game!)
G6036 (P) (NEW;' (92%,)Total War (Perfect verson of Tre Risk board game) G6037 (P) (NEW!) Solitaire (Instantly enjoyable Patience Cardgame) CHILDRENS C701 (P) Leam + Play(2disks-supereducation for4-10yrs) C712 (P) Colour Pad (New colouring book for youngsters) C714 (94%) Storyiand II (Bnlliant kids game) C715 (P) Composer (simply superb music maker for 12yrs +) C7181(P) (92%) Centipede (wonderful graphics, brilliant game for ages 8 to adult!)
C719 (P) (87%) Total Concepts (2 Disks) (Astronomy & Dinosaur Education Pack - Good1) C720 (P) Colour the alphabet (Great education for eahy learners 4ys+) C724(P)(95%) Dcody. (Like Mano Bros and very good-NEW!)
C725 (P) (91%) Mr+ Mrs. (Platform adventure for 7yrs+ - it's got everything!!
C726 (P) (83%) GCSEIMaths (Great revision disk) C727 (P) (100%) Top Secret (reviewed as the best platform game ever!!)
C728 (P) (NEW!) Maths Reflex (Excellent program for improving mental arithmetic? From ages 8 to 80!)
DESKTOP VIDEO PACK 2 (P) (100%) 4 DISKS £3.96 Probably our best pack yeti Provces everything to start you off in vdeo. S Movie for Smooth scrolling titles using any font of any size: Showiz for slideshows with loads of wipes and fades: A-Graph fa business videos. Shadow Maker to add shadows and smooth any font: Video Librarian: Video Tools: Vdeo Tests: Loads of fonts and more!!
DESKTOP VIDEO PACK 2 INSTRUCTION MANUAL!!! (P) £2.99 A 50 page instruction manual fa DTV pack 2. Professionally printed, contains instructions fa all the programs in the pack and a section on fonts and how to use them! Also includes a superb guided tutorial that takes you through the maja programs step by step, letting you create your own titles as you go! Designed fa beginners and experienced users, this manual will make desktop vdeo eas'y!
HIGH QUALITY HARDWARE 100 Capacity Lockable 3.5" Disk Box ......£5.50 8mm High Quality Mouse Pad ..£2.99 Amiga 500 500+ Dust Cover .£3.99 Monitor TV Dust Cover ....£4.99
3. 5’ Disk Drive Cleaning
Kit ...£2.99 2 Piece
Printer Stand (Paper under) .£5.60
ANGLIA PUBLIC DOMAIN LIBRARY (Dept AFS), 115 Ranelagh Road,
Felixstowe, Suffolk, IP11 7HU FISH DISKS IN STOCK 350-720 ONLY
99P EACH: PHONE 0 3 9 4 283 4 9 4 Simply phone your order
through or send a cheque postal order. Please add 60p to cover
post and packing.
TELEPHONE: 0101-206-456-7656 UVTE f AliBIITBBC 3929 MARTIN WAY * SUITE D FAX: 0101-206-456-7657 || IIEW VwlflrU IEK9 OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON 98506 ? PAY BY VISA ? MASTERCARD ? WIRE TRANSFER ? BANK DRAFT ? * USA* _ ? ? ? ? ?TOLL FREE INTERNATIONAL ORDER LINE ? MONDAY THRU FRIDAY 4:00PM - 1:00AM ? ? ? ? ?
ANDSAVEI J ??????0800 8 9 I ? ? FREE DHL 2 DAY INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING ON MOST ORDERS OVER £200 ? SOME IMPORT COSTS EXTRA ? ?
RocHard 500 IDE SCSI ? No Drive, No Memory £114.95 ? Maxtor 130MB No Memory £299.95 ? Or add any hard drive listed below to the "no drive" price ? For each 2MB memory Add £39.90 DKB MEGACHIP 500 2000 Increase your 500 or 2000 to 2MB of Chip RAM.
Includes 2MB Agnus £149.95 ?
Turbo 8MB Memory for the A500 A500+ Unpopulated £129.95 ?
For each 2MB memory add £59.95 For 512K Shadow RAM add £9.95 BUZZARD TURBO MEMORY BOARD 1 MEMORY BOARDS HARD DRIVE CONTROLLERS BARE HARD DRIVES MEMORY CHIPS ACCELERATORS Chinon CDS 431 Internal CD-ROM £279 95 Chinon CDX 431 External CD-ROM £369.95 AsimCDFS File System wI Fred Fish CD-ROM £37.95 ? Amiga 500 Controllers * IVS Trumpcard 500 SCSI £79.95 AdlDE 40 Kit IDE £89.95 Dataflyer Express 8MB 0 IDE £116.95 Dataflyer Express 8MB 0 SCSI £124.95 Dataflyer Express 8MB 0 IDE SCSI £149.95 Dataflyer 500 SCSI £94.95 Dataflyer 500 IDE £89.95 ? Amiga 2000 Controllers ?
Nexus 2000 8MB 0 SCSI £129.95 Dataflyer 2000 IDE £54.95 Dataflyer 2000 SCSI £59.95
* Call for prices on GVP controllers and custom hard drive,
controller and memory combinations REMOVEABLE MEDIA DMI 20MB
Floptical Drive. Internal £269.95 DMI 20MB Floptical Drive.
External £349.95 20MB Optical Disk £13.95 SyQuest 44MB Internal
£249.95 SyQuest 44MB Cartridge £49.95 SyQuest 88MB Internal
£299.95 SyQuest 88MB Cartridge £69.95 DMI RAV Optical 128MB Ext
£999 95 Flicker Free Video li NTSC PAL DCTV 24bit Colour PAL
DMI Resolver *A* NTSC PAL CSA Mega Midget Racer 25mhz 68882
£249.95 CSA Mega Midget Racer 36mhz 68882 £319.95 CSA 38
Special 38 50mhz 68882 £439.95 Drogressive 28mhz 040 5C0 4MB
£699 95 Progressive 28mhz 040 2C00 £979.95 Mercury 28mhz 040
for A3000 £1399 95 Zeus 28mhz 040 for A2000 £1429.95 ? GVP
accelerators available - call for prices £19.95 £84.95 £2.25
£2.45 £14.95 £13.95 ? 3.5" Low Profile or Half-Height * Maxtor
130MB SCSI £219.95 Maxtor 213MB SCSI £389.95 Maxtor 340MB SCSI
£579.95 Maxtor 535MB SCSI £749.95 Quantum 42MB SCSI ELS £149.95
Quantum 120MB SCSI £244.95 Maxtor 80MB IDE £174.95 Maxtor 130MB
IDE £214.95 Maxtor 213MB IDE £319.95 Maxtor 340MB IDE £559.95
* Large Capacity 5.25" Full Height * Maxtor 1.2GB SCSI £1064.95
Maxtor 1.7GB SCSI £1259.95 ? Amiga 600 Internal Drives * Conner
44MB 2.5" IDE £124.95 Conner 124MB 2 5" IDE £369.95 ? Other
hard drive sizes and brands available
- call for prices 1MB X 8 SIMM 80ns 4MB X 8 SIMM 80ns 1MB X 1 DIP
80ns 256K X 4 DIP 80ns 1MB X 4 DIP 80ns 1MB X 4 Static ZIP 70ns
* Amiga 500 Memory * Eureka 512k w clock £18.95 Baseboard 4MB0
£49.95 SupraRAM 500RX 8 MB 2 MB £114.95
* Amiga 500 Plus Memory * Baseboard Plus 1MB 0 £10.95 Baseboard
Plus 4MB 0 £49.95
* Amiga 600 Memory * Baseboard 601 1MB 0 w clock £19.95
Baseboard 601 1MB 0 w 'o clock £11.95
* Amiga 2000 3000 Memory * Dataflyer RAM 500 2000 8MB 0 £59.95
Aries 2000 Memory Board 8MB 0 £74.95 Golden Image A2000 RAM
8MB 2MB £109.95 ProRAM 3000 64MB 0 £229.95
* Memory - Miscellaneous * CSA 512K Static RAM 70ns £66.95 CSA
4MB Memory Board MMR £269.95 DKB 2632 112MB.4MB RAM A2630
£329.95 MISCELLANEOUS Golden Image JIN Mouse £11.95 RocTec
Amiga Mouse £13.95 KA-1 Keyboard Adapter £37.95 CDTV Keyboard
Connector £ 9.95 CDTV Brick-ette Joystick Mouse'Auto £35.95
RocUte AV 3.5" Ivory Black £47.95 Supercard Ami II Copier
£24.95 Sybil Hardware-Software System £49.95 RocMate 3.5“ HD
Enclosure £64.95 Gl Scanner w Touch-Up £99.95 3igfoot 200v att
A500 Power £54.95 Power Plus 2000 230watt £119.95 AMAS II
MIDI Digitizer £59.95 Studio 16 ADI012 I2bit Sound £379.95
386SX Bridgeboard £379 95 Archive Pvlhon DAT 2.0 GIG £899 95
AMIGA CUSTOM CHIPS £19.95 £24.95 £23.95 £47.95 £22 95 £5.45
£19.95 Kickstart 1.3 ROM Kickstart 2.0 ROM Fatter Agnus 1MB
Fatter Agnus 2ME Super Denise CIA 2mbz 8520 ICD Kickback 4 ROM
Switcher MODEMS CD-ROM DRIVES VIDEO HARDWARE Supramodem 2400
£54.95 SupraFAXmodem 2400 £99 95 SupraFAXmodem V 32bis 14400
baud £199 95 ? US Robotics modems available -¦ call for prices
£159.95 £299.95 £649.95 viaeo.
Music, DTI? And much mo All this is opened u to vou in, start exi E ductivit' r from gra ige after I start out with?
E Complete Beginner's Guide A 600 NEW PACKS PRINTERS MONITORS RAM EXPANSION £39.99 VIDEO EMULATORS-A 500 SALES 0532-311932 Our friendly, highly trained sales team will ensure that your order is dealt with efficiently and with the minimum of fuss.
Delivery time ar|d answer any other [ queries you V 1 may have V regarding your M 'imi» purchase. All major credit cards accepted.
TECHNICAL 0532-319061 The Phoenix product helpline ensures that all our customers benefit from the highest level of after sales technical support.
DESPATCH 0532 310796 Once you have made the decision to purchase from Phoenix your order will be dispatched promptly and without fuss.
We also offer advice to help you in choosing exactly the right product for your requirements thus eliminating the possibility of an unwanted or unnecessary purchase.
Using one of the countries leading courier services ensures that your goods arrive on time, intact and sin the same a condition they Q left our stock.
PHOENIX The stand-alone A 600 is compact, semi portable, fully featured and can be purchased in the following configurations: a 600 .....£274.99 A 600 HD mmm'i £429.99 A 600 2Mb .£314.99 A 600 HD 2Mb ....£469.99 FEATURES INCLUDE: - Trapdoor installation Will not invalidate your warranty • Battery backed real time clock • Long life lithium cell • Enable disable facility • Full installation instructions • Made in U.K. • Complete with famous Phoenix 2 year warranty.
Phoenix PA 601-populated-1Mb £44.99 Phoenix PA 601-unpopulated-0Mb...£24.99 Phoenix A 600 ROM Sharer £29.99 Keyboard switchable!
'THE WILD, THE WEIRD & THE WICKED' 1 Mb A 600 as standard and includes the excellent value Software titles: Deluxe Paint III • Formula One Grand Prix • Tonly £339.99!
A 600 2Mb (incl. Above software) ..£379.99 'EPIOLANGUAGE PACK' 1 Mb A 600 as standard and includes the excellent value Software titles: Deluxe Paint III •Trivial Pursuit* Epic • Myth • ..only £484.99!
A 600 2Mb (incl. Above software) ..£524.99 This SPECIAL OFFER combines both the A1500 (as shown above) and the legendary Commodore 1084 SDI Monitor. .C OO GO AMIGA 1500+1084 SDI L .DD Limited Stocks Only!
U GVP PC-286 16MHz .....£239.99 Vortex A Tonce Plus 286 (16MHz).... £214.99 KCS Powerboard (with dos 4.01).. ....£199.99 KCS Powerboard ...£184.99 KCS adaptor for 1500 2000... MSI £59.99 Man Utd Europe • Kick Off 2 • Captive Rick Dangerous • Pro Tennis Tour 2 !,m **r»i;ii * Fully Microswitched Joystick 50 Capacity 3.5" Disk Box 8mm Mouse mat *10 Phoenix Branded Disks with Labels When purchasing any Amiga you can also buy our unbelievable value PHOENIX POWER PACK, which includes over £100 of quality software and accessories. Probably the best bundle around, just
look at what you get!
PHOENIX AMIGA Power Pack Phoenix Power Pack.
AMIGA 1500
2. 04 Workbench Includes: Deluxe Paint 3, Platinum Works, Home
Accounts, Toki, Puzznic, x Elf, Amiga Format Book and Joystick
PCOD Afl AMIGA 1500 ..UMS 1.303.33 AMIGA 1500 +
1084 SDI PRICE CRASH!!!!
Roctec "Rochard" hard drives now at unbelievably low prices!!
ROCTEC 40 MB ..£259.99 ROCTEC 60 MB .£294.99 ROCTEC 80 MB ..£329.99 ROCTEC 120 MB .£364.99 Featuring Quantum Connor drives-very fast access times-(19ms or better) • expand up to 8 Mb using 1 Mb Simms only • 1 year guarantee • slimline design ideally colour matched to the A500.
ROCTEC (controlletr Only) ..£164.99 Very similar in style and appearance to the GVP HD8+ but unpopulated and without a hard drive so you can fit your own. Please specify IDE orSCISI.
EXTRA MEMORY-Only £25.99 when bought with drive!
GVP Combination Accelerators & Hard DrivES-The ultimate expansion product for the Amiga 500!
A530 Combi 40MHz + 52Mb Hard Drive £659.99 A530 Combi 40MHz + 120Mb Hard Drive...£757.99 A530 Combi 40MHz + 240Mb Hard Drive £979.99 A530 68882 Co-Processor ..£204.99 GVP G-Force 030-25MHz + 1Mb ..£545.99 GVP G-Force 030-40MHz + 4Mb .£784.99 GVP G-Force 030-50MHz + 4Mb ..£1099.99 1Mb Simm-32 Bit 60 Nanoseconds £65.99 4Mb Simm-32 Bit 60 Nanoseconds £182.99 A PHOENIX RAM module can expand your chip RAM up to 2 Mb by using the trapdoor expansion port. Extra RAM is necessary to unleash the incredible graphics capabilities of your Amiga.
All our hoards carry a full 2 year no quibble replacement guarantee. It's never been cheaper to upgrade!
1 Mb Fully populated a RAM board.... IMVMWi £34.99 1 Mb unpopulated RAM board... f 16.99 PHILIPS 8833Mk II Z2Z37 £194.99 Colour Stereo Monitor now including 'Lotus Turbo Challenge', and 1 years on-site warranty.
COMMODORE 1085 SDI £216.99 COMMODORE 1084 SDI ...£199.99 MONITOR ACCESS0RIES- 14" Dust covers ..£4.99 14" Tilt & Swivel stand £13.99 Anti-Glare filter screen ......£19.99 A4 Copy Holder £12.99 GVP IMPACT SERIES II Hard Drives, the fastest Hard Drive Controller for the Amiga.
Features Game Switch, external SCISI port, FAAASTROM SCISI Driver, GVP's custom VLSI chip and internal RAM expansion up to 8 meg!
Units use high specification fast-access QUANTUM Hard Drives coming with 2yr. Guarantee.
A500-HD8+ 52 Mb (Unpopulated) £329.99 A500-HD8+ 120 Mb (Unpopulated) £424.99 A500-HD8+ 240 Mb (Unpopulated) £689.99 PHOENIX A500 Plus 2 Meg RAM Upgrade Modules ACCELERATORS A500 HARD DRIVES 1500 2000 HARD DRIVES A500 ROCTEC Series II Hard Disk Controller RAM card... £114.99 Series II 52 Mb Hard Disk and RAM card.. £269.99 Series I1120 Mb Hard Disk and RAM card...£399.99 Series II240 Mb Hard Disk and RAM card £639.99 EXTRA MEMORY-Only £25.99 when bought with drive!
STAR- f LC-100 Colour ..EttT £159.99 9 PIN colour printer with paper parking, eight fonts and electronic DIP switches.
LC24-100 ..cmZ7 £189.99 24 PIN with compressed data mode, 16 K buffer and 10 letter quality fonts,(with Star printer driver only).
LC-20 ...£134.99 LC-200 Colour £195.99 LC24-20 .. £199.99 LC24-200 Mono ....£219.99 LC24-200 Colour £268.99 XB24-200 Colour ..£379.99 SJ48 Bubblejet ..£229.99 Star printers come with one year warranty.
CITIZEN- Swift 240 Colour ..CSSS £279.99 Swift 240 Mono ..ZZ3IZ7 £259.99 Swift 200 Colour CSSS £219.99 Swift 9 Colour hlk'Wfcifl'jiiliJ £179.99 224 mono .. £214.99 224 Colour ... m mw £229.99 Swift 24e Colour IMMW £269.99 Citizen printers come with 2 year warranty.
HEWLETT PACKARD- Deskjet 500 B2MEEEJ £339.99 Deskjet-500 Colour ......£559.99 HP printers come with 3 year warranty.
HP black ink cartridge ...£24.99 HP colour ink cartridge ...£29.99 AUTO SHEET FEEDERS- STAR LC20 ....£57.99 STAR LC200 ..£59.99 STAR LC24-200 £62.99 STAR LC24-20 ..£62.99 STAR SJ48 ....£49.99 PHOENIX PRINTER PACK- Supplied with ALL printers containing 1.8m std.
Printer cable, printer ribbons cartridge and 250 sheets of paper absolutely FREE.
PRINTER ACCESS0RIES- We have a large range of high quality printer accessories for all the printers we sell including: dust covers from £2.99 • Ink cartridges from £13.99 • Mono ribbons from £3.50 • Colour ribbons from £7.99 • Printer stands from £7.99 CALL 0532 311932 FOR MORE DETAILS!
All drives feature super slim design, enable- disable switch, thru port and come with a 1 year replacement guarantee!
Phoenix Deluxe Drive ......£47.99 Roctec Roclite csss £57.99 This famous drive has now been upgraded to include Anticlick and Virus Checker Replacement A 500 Internal Drive...£39.99 Disk head cleaner £3.99 U The first col. Digitiser for under £100 from R0MB0.
VIDI-AMIGA 12 SHI7 £89.99 R0CGEN Plus £129.99 R0CKEY BY ROCTEC -Chroma key unit Embed live video in graphics! Rn ftn Phoenix Price .£269.99 AMIGA CUSTOM CHIPS Kickstart 2.04 ROM ..£34.99 Kickstart 1.3 ROM....£27.99 Fatter Agnus 8372A..£34.99 NEW Super Denise.£34.99 CIA 8520A .£9.99 MEMORY CHIPS 4 Mb x 9 (-70) Simm....£9999 1 Mb x 4 (-80) Zip.....*£34.99 1 Mb x 9 (-80) Simm...£27.99 256k x 4 (-80) Zip......*£29.99 256k x 9 (-80) Simm...£12.99 1 Mb x 1 DRAM ....£3.49 256k
x 4 DRAM £3.49 *This price is for 1 Mb of RAM These chips cover practically every popular memory expansion or Hard Drive system on the market for the Amiga ie. GVP, SUPRA, MICR0B0TICS, COMMODORE RING OUR TECHNICAL HELPLINE IF YOU NEED ADVICE MEMORY EXPANSION DISK DRIVES CHIPS SUPRA 500RX the ultimate in Fast Ram expansion units.('Uses 256x4 Zips) 8 Mb pop to 1 Mb* ......£99.99 8 Mb pop to 2 Mb* ....£124.99 8 Mb pop to 2 Mb £149.99 8 Mb pop to 4 Mb £209.99 8 Mb pop to 8
Mb £309.99 PHOENIX will be at the Future Entertainment Show Nov 5-8th Earls Court. Be sure to come and see us there and take advantage of some incredible show bargains!
ACCESSORIES SOFTWARE PHOENIX PRODUCTS MICE & TRACKBALLS WORD PROCESSING DTP Kindwords 3 .£36.99 Interword ....£29.99 Final Copy 2 ....ESSB £66.99 Professional Page 3 .....ESSB £129.99 Saxon Publisher ....Llil'A £189.99 Pagestream v2.2 ..£126.99 Pagestream Font pack 1 ...£44.99 Page Setter 2 £46.99 Pen Pal 1.4 ....£57.99 Prowrite
v3.X ....£57.99 Quickwrite ....£36.99 Transwrite ....£29.99 Wordworth ....£79.99 Hot Links ....£52.99 INTEGRATED PACKAGES Gold Disc Office £59.99 Mini Office .....IffiM £39.99 CAD & DRAWING Design Works £53.99 Professional Draw 3 bTJKw'wii*ti £79.99 Intro CAD Plus ....£74.99 X CAD 2000
....£99.99 X CAD 3000 .....£269.99 UTILITIES A-Talk 3 ....£44.99 Cross DOS V5 fine, Cross PC Emulator) £29.99 Cross Dos ....£22.99 Diskmaster 2 £43.99 Dos 2 Dos ....£29.99 Opus Directory ..£29.99 Xcopy ....£36.99 Quarter Back .....£45.99 Quarter
Back Tools Vs 5 .....£49.99 DATABASE Superbase Pro 4 ..£164.99 Superbase Pers 2 IMI'LW £39.99 VIDEO PRODUCTION TITLING SCALA 500 .£79.99 SCALA Professional ..£219.99 Big Alternative Scroller £35.99 Broadcast Titler 2 ..£179.99 Font Pack 1 for Broadcast Titler 2......£88.99 Font Enhancer for Broadcast Titler 2...£88.99 Pro Video Post £168.99 TV Show Pro .£51.99 TV
Text Pro £84.99 FRACTAL AND SPECIAL FX Race Trace ......KttTJ £93.99 Deluxe Paint 4 £63.99 Deluxe Video 3 £71.99 Image Finder £44.99 Pixmate ....£43.99 Scenery Animator ......£62.99 Vista ..... £43.99 Pro Vista ....£71.99 ANIMATION Take 2 ......£42.99 Image
Master £129.99 3-D Images .....£36.99 Amos .....£36.99 Amos Compiler £21.99 Amos 3D ......£25.99 Easy Amos £22.99 Deluxe Paint 4 .£63.99 Director v2 £71.99 Imagine v2 LWVMiLWi £189.99 Map master for Imagine £59.99 Presentation Master £169.99 Surface
Master for Imagine ..£29.99 Showmaker £142.99 Video Director ...£107.99 PRESENTATION & SLIDE SHOW Can Do v1.6 GHZE £72.99 Art Department Pro v.1 £143.99 Art Department Pro Conv. Kit £57.99 Can Do It V.I.G £94.99 Hyper Book £44.99 ACCOUNTING Personal Finance ....EMT £29.99 Arena Accounts £83.99 Home Accounts 2 ...£39.99
System 3 £43.99 Cashbook Combo ......£57.99 NAKSHA Upgrade Mouse £24.99 (With Operation Stealth, mat & holder) Roctec Mouse ..£13.99 GOLDEN IMAGE Mega Mouse .....£12.99 (Has just recieved 90% Amiga Format Gold Award) Optical Mouse .....£29.99 High precision, pointing device.
Crystal Trackball .....£37.99 Infrared-Cordless-Mouse... 'VM £47.99 (Rechargeable top selling innovation.)
Optical Pen Mouse ¦?! £39.99 High Quality 8mm mouse Mats £3.99 Zy-Fi Stereo speakers .£37.99 Superb sound and excellent dynamics. These two- way stereo speakers are an Amiga Standard- Excellent companions on any gaming soiree!
Control Centre ..£34.99 Heavy duty construction,rubber edging, perfect colour match, makes an ideal workstation for the A500 A600 DATA SWITCHES- 25pin D type) 2 way £15.99 3 way .....£17.99 4 way ....£19.99 STORAGE: 90 Capacity BANX ....£11.99 150 Capacity POSSO .£16.99 Disk' Box 10 Cap £1.99 Disk Box 25 Cap ..£2.99 Disk Box 50
Cap ..£4.99 Disk Box 100 Cap £6.99 Disk Box 120 Cap £7.99 Mouse Joystick Switch £13.99 Don't damage your Amiga's portslThis device saves wear and tear makes switchover FAST, and does NOT require power unlike many others.
Computer Video Scart Switch....£19.99 Flip between Video computer signals at the push of a button.
AMIGA MUSIC Attention all you music lovers! Phoenix have put together an unbeatable music deal for you this summer.
MUSIC-X Jnr....onin f y . When purchasing either a Phoenix Stereo Sampler or Pro Midi 2 Interface Please Note: this is a limited offer only while stocks last!
SCANNERS Powerful image processing tools for the office or the home enviroment.
POWER-Features include: 100-400 dpi • 64- Greyscales Thruport to printer • FREE Editing software. Nnjt nn Power Scanner v2.0 .£94.99 Power Scanner Colour £234.99 GOLDEN IMAGE-Hand Scanner Series Features: 400 dpi • 256-Greyscale • Touch up and Merge it software.
AlfaScan ...£124.99 AlfaScan Plus .£149.99 AlfaScan OCR (inc OCR Software) £279.99 EPSON GT-6000 FLAT BED FULL COLOUR SCANNER-Plug into Amiga parallel port, 600 d.p.i. resolution, up to 16 million colours CQQQ flfl Phoenix Price £9o9.UU ASDG-SOFTWARE Sea nning software comes in two forms, integrated into art development as a new module or used as a stand-alone programme. Rmn fin Phoenix Price ..£1 U9.99 Stereo Sampler m'i'A'mi £29.99 Combines ease of use with state of the art analogue to digital
conversion technology.(inc. FREE sample editing software +audio lead) Pro-Midi 2 Interface ...£24.99 This fully featured professional quality midi interface is very flexible giving semi-patch bay facilities. It has five ports in, out, thru and two switchable out thru. (inc. FREE midi lead) GVP Digital Sound Studio £54.99 High quality sound sampler for all Amiga Computers Amiga Music Made Easy-Only from Phoenix!
“ Thanks once again for your efficient service and patient advice ”
S. Ward Norfolk NEW IN OCTOBER 1002!
Section we spotlight some of the best newer products and peripherals currently available for the Amiga.
ROCTEC ROCLITE This famous super slim drive has now been upgraded to include Anti-click and virus checker - THE SECOND DRIVE THAT IS SECOND TO NONE Phoenix price... £57.99 CD ROM DRIVE-A570 This essential add-on has finally arrived, suitable for A500 A500+, A570.
Phoenix price .. STAR LC-100 COLOUR 9 PIN colour printer with paper parking, eight fonts and electronic DIP switches.
Phoenix price .. PHOENIX Kickstart ROM Sharer PHOENIX 1Mb A600 UPGRADE Because some older games and business software will not run on the new Kickstart 2.04 ROM. Phoenix have designed a sharer for both ROM chip sets.
Switchable between
1. 3 and 2.04 you can get all the benefits of the latest A500
Plus without the drawback of losing all your old software.
Fits any Amiga 500 1500 2000.
* Kickstart ROM Sharer ..£24.99
* Kickstart Rev 3 5 ROM Sharer £27.99 Keyboard Switchable
ROM Sharer...£34.99 Kickstart 1.3
ROM .....£29.99 Kickstart 2.04
ROM ...£34.99
* (R0M Chips not included) Simply the Best!
.£44.99 A600 SMART CARDS Utilise the advanced technology of the A600 Smart Card Expansion slot with these NEW RAM Expansion Cards direct from Phoenix.
Available in 2 Mb & 4 Mb cofigurations.
PA 6020-2 Mb .. ......£119.99 PA 6040-4 Mb .... ®I§;I ¦ m LEADS & CABLES * | DISKS Don't confuse these quality disks with others currently available. 3.5" 100% certified error free 70% clip. All disks include FREE high quality Phoenix labels.
Phoenix supply connecting cables in any con-figuration, call sales for a complete list and prices.
Midi-Midi 2m ..£3.99 Midi-Midi 3m ..£4.99 Midi-Midi 5m ....£5.99 Amiga-Scart ....£9.99
* Amiga-RGB ...£9.99
Joystick
ext .....£4.99
Joystick splitte .£4.99
*
Serial Modem .....£9.99
Printer
1.8m ..£5.99
Printer 2.0m
HQ .....£7.99 m
- m m am m r AMIGA RELEASE 2
10. .... .£4.99 200 .. ......£72.99
25. ..... ......£12.99 500 .£174.99
50. ..... ......£22.99 750 .. ....£259.99
100. .. .....£39.99 mnn £339 99 TDK Branded disks- High
performance media from the experts-box 10 with iabels.
10. ..... .£5.99. 100 ..£52.99 50
......£26.99 500 .£249.99 1000 Phoenix Disk
Labels..... .....£9.99 Now Only.. £79.99 P4U O J0
om£h,wri niE MhfL... Free Fast UK delivery Next-day Courier
only £4.50 Same-day despatch on Credit card orders bankers
draft building society cheque Postal orders All prices
include VAT The popular upgrade kit for 12 1.3 owners from
Commodore is in stock and selling fast!
PHOENIX-MAIL ORDER AT IT'S BEST!
Til: 0532 311932 PHOENIX, UNIT 19, ARMLEY PARK COURT, STANNINGLEY ROAD, LEEDS LS12 2AE AMERICAN EXPRESS WELCOME Please make cheques payable to PHOENIX. Allow 5 working days for cheque clearance. Call our despatch line for details on our full range of delivery options both in the UK and overseas. BFPO welcome. OPENING TIMES: Mon-Sat 9.00am-6.00pm e&o.e. A multi-level shoot 'em up based on aspects of all three LETHAL WEAPON movies.
You can choose to be either one of the two high fire-power cops... each having his individual strengths - and weaknesses! There are many
* 2 missions to complete including the rescue of a | kidnapped
girl, the persuit and arrest of drugs runners, finding and
arresting a police i murderer, plus many more.
I You choose the level to . Li- ORE OOOO suit vou r mm In am mi
m. .. mu COMMODORE CARTRIDGE BMPC&1 LETHAL WEAPON. LETHAL WEAPON
2 . And LETHAL WEAPON 3 names, characters and all related
indicia are trademarks of Warner Bros. Inc. TM & © 1992 Warner
Bros. Inc. All Rights Reserved.
OCEAN SOFTWARE LTD. 2 CASTLE STREET. CASTLEFIELD. MANCHESTER M3 4LZ.
1 The National Games Championships offers £10,000 for the best games player in the UK - and people still don’t believe that computer games can (and should) be taken seriously!?

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