Liste des magazines disponibles sur AMIGALAND.COM
Birthday wishes for the Amiga and AmigaWorld. BACK IN THE dark ages, about three years ago, the Amiga computer was officially unveiled in NYC with a lot of hoopla and pomp and appropriate circumstance. As people walked into the auditorium to get their first look at the Amiga, they picked up a copy of a fairly slick magazine called AmigaWorld. Exactly how we managed to have our premiere issue ready in time for tfie Amiga launch is a confused and convoluted storv. If you want to hear all 4 the gory details, stop by some afternoon and we can spend a few hours reminiscing over a beer or five. I have related parts of the tale here and there, and when 1 retire to write The Book About the Magazine, the world will know the whole story about how much trouble and fun it was. That first issue came out in July '85, and we published one more issue that year. Those first two issues contained enough solid information to fill about half an issue. The rest was padding, hype, pretty pictures, and wishful thinking. I admit that those early issues were more pastry than meat, hut we didn’t have a whole lot to work with. At least the magazine looked great and got people interested in the Amiga. We kicked off 198(5 with one of our most talked about issues, the Andy Warhol issue. People still grimace or Hindi or chuckle or kid me about that issue. Hey, 1 liked it. (1 did the interview with Andy and wrote die story, so of course 1 think it was brilliant.) As 1986 wore on. We started to pick up the pace a bit. We were finally getting real authors to write real stories about real products. We were gathering more material to publish than we had room for in the magazine. We had gone from one extreme to the other. It was great to have all this material, but we quickly found ourselves constrained bv the bi-monthly schedule. I t You wanted more information, ancl we had it, we just couldn't get it all to you. By the end of 1986, we knew that it was time to push hard to become a monthly publication. The question was, were there enough advertisers out there to support a monthly Amiga magazine. (We had and still have more than enough readers, but as I have said before, as long as we have all those ads in the magazine, we won't have to charge you $ 8.00 a copy.) Throughout 1985 and ’86, people told us that we weren’t giving them enough hard core information about the Amiga. That was true, and other magazines capitalized on that. They emerged right and left, claiming that they were for the “serious” Amiga user; they published more technical informal ion than we did. Were more timely, etc. My feeling is that there is more than enough material, people, and interest in the Amiga market to support more than one magazine.
Click image to download PDF
53. 95 Canada $ 4.50 UK £2.50 An 1DGCJI Publication
r PROFESSIONAL ANIMATION!
Now take advantage of “pencil testing" your animation in the privacy of your own home studio! With Cel Animator you can preview scenes, polish your work and know it performs the way you envisioned.
Cel Animator provides versatility lhat’s unavailable with film, or the expensive Lyon-Lamb type stop- motion video tape equipment. With Cel Animator, your drawings are stored on a computer disk so each frame can be called up repeatedly and manipulated within a sequence after being “shot" only once. This is achieved because computer disk storage is "random access," meaning; any information stored on the disk can be called up at random, in whatever order required, as often as necessary!
BREAK THE “SEQUENTIAL” DILEMMA
Tape and film are “sequential" and require you to shoot a “cycle" over and over again until the required number of repetitions are completed, or re-expose a held drawing for many consecutive frames. Using Cel Animator, however, you may simply create each drawing once, and then create a list, identifying each frame by number, and the program will call up the stored frame from memory and replay'd as often as it is called for, or in whatever order yoB,specify, and you can add or delete drawings. Essentially, the program follows your “exposure sheet" for you!
You can also experiment with your timing by simply changing the display time between frames; if you shoot a “pose test" you can adjust your timing repeatedly without reshooting anything, then add your breakdowns, re-time your delays and check again. No need to add in-betweens until you've fine-tuned your pose test.
CONTINUOUS PLAY OPTION
The program can also replay your sequence of frames in a continuous loop, so you can sit back and review the action repeatedly without having to rewind and play a video tape over and over again, or without ever having to wait for film to be shot, processed, and edited.
Cel Animator allows you lo digitize your prerecorded sound track (dialogue, music or effects), and replay them frame by frame; or selecl any group ol frames to replay, enabling you to locate and identify sounds according to frame number prior to doing your animation drawings. Then, review your pose test or completed animation synchronized with your digitized sound track, and you can then print an exposure sheet, vowels and consonants paired with frame numbers.
Finally, if you own one of the many paint programs available such as Photon Paint, you can paint your pencil drawings right on your computer, and use Cel Animator to replay them in full color, over any background you create. It is also possible to send your completed color scenes to video tape; thus producing a full cofor animated sequence right in your own home on your VCP. Or you can use Photon Video's Transport Controller softv are.
Photon Video Products are fully compatible with most third party art, animation and rendering software systems.
TRANSPORT CONTROLLER -
This module allows you to take your animations frame by frame to video tape, by way of popular frame by frame controllers such as Lyon Lamb.™
OTHER PHOTON VIDEO PRODUCTS
• EDIT 3D, Photon’s powerful solid object Editor.
• RENDER 3D, Photon's amazing solid object rendering system.
• Photon Paint, this immense paint system gives you all you are accustomed to in a professional paint box, plus many advanced features like surface mapping and light source control!
17403 Chatsworth St., Granada Hills, CA 91344 Inside CA 818 360-3715, OutsideCA 800 522-2041
it «:» '. RtAJ-i
Circlo 1T}fj on Reader Ser jr.t; card
DELIVERS ULTIMATE GRAPHICS POWER
Bring the world into your Amiga with Digi-View, the 4096 color video digitizer. In seconds you can capture any photograph or object your video camera can see in full color and with clarity never before available on a home computer. Digi-View’s advanced features include:
[•Dithering routines give up to 100,000 apparent colors on screen
• NewTek’s exclusive Enhanced Hold-and-Modify mode allows for exceptionally detailed images
• Digitize images in any number of colors from 2 to 4096
• Print, animate, transmit, store, or manipulate images with available IFF compatible programs
• Digitize in all Amiga resolution modes (320x200, 320x400., 640x200, 640x400)
“Digi-View sets new standards for graphics hardware''-InfoWorld
Digi-View is available now at your local
Amiga dealer or call: 1-913-354-1146 or 1-800-843-8934
ONLY $ 199.95
All photos actual unretouched Digi-View pictures shot directly off the 1080 Amiga monitor.
Circle 102 on Reader Service card
A Real-time Interpretive Imeural Gate Simulator
[I 1 L * -| L j__|_ The Problem: | } 1 j 1 ! J (- i 1~j -I
Rings, the most powerful computer of its type, critically damaged by sabotage.
You. Chief Engineer, the only one qualified to repair the breaks in the synaptic
links scattered over 30 massive levels.
- The Game:
An inspired combination of arcade action and chesslike strategy. An adventure I rtO|be| experienced, ihotj missed. $ 39.95, at your local Amiga dealerTi | !
i V inc.
VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7 JULY 1988
With prices of high-end printers slatting to come iloitrn, individuals (and not just destitutions and businesses) can now afford some of the better dot and laser printers. Two grand, however, is still a lot of money that's why were issuing this “Special Printer Report evaluatitig and comparing a number of leading models in both categories, to help you make an informed choice if you're looking for a high-quality black-and-white printer.
And don't forget our CONTEST! Amiga- World ’s Summer 88 Treasure Hunt starts this month, and the Grand Prize is an Amiga 2000 and a Getaway Weekend for 2 with luxury accommodations and airline tickets to and from the treasure site.
LASTING IMPRESSIONS Compiled by Linda Barrett, Bob Ryan, and Louis R. Wallace . 25
A growing number of 24-pin dot-matrix and laser printers are now within affordable reach for many Amiga users who want high-quality black-and-white printing.
PRINTER TOOLKIT By Morton A. Kevelson and Louis R. Wallace 38
There are dozens of special printing jobs that your bare-bones printer just can't accomplish by itself and that’s where this selection of dot-matrix and laser printer utilities should come in quite handy.
Three for the Load % David t. McClellan .43
If you've been seriously considering the advantages of Modula-2 over C programming, this comparative review of three popular Modula-2 compilers can help you start truckin' in the right direction.
Say it ... with Video Text By Bryan n. Catley ..... 50
This nifty little BASIC programming tutorial can help you spruce up your home video product ions with imaginative titling and presentation effects.
CO LI MAS
Zeitgeist . 6
It's Happy Birthday 3 for AmigaWorld and the editor has had a little too much cake and icecream. Humor him by listening as he talks about both old times and new directions.
BASIC By The Numbers By Bob Ryan .20
Bob has a lot on his plate in this installment of our series on programming with Amiga Basic and lie’ll show you how to handle menus with a gourmet touch.
INFO.PHII.E By Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings .....
This month our columnists journey to “unassigned territory” to explore a group of AmigaDOS commands that will help you organize your disks and disk space more efficiently.
We read ’em and weep every month.
We print all the news that fits. . .the Amiga market, that is.
Hors d'oeuvres .... 12
Tips and techniques by the pound.. .from the best suppliers our readers.
Reviews . 14
Live! I Shakespeare I Micron Amiga Memory Board I SuperGen InovaTools I Graphics Studio. Games: Terrorpods.
What’s New? 81
Nothing under the sun, maybe, but inside your local computer store plenty of new products have seen the light of day in recent weeks.
Help Key ...86
“Can-Do Lou” is hack again to talk technical turkey with readers in distress.
Win an Amiga 2000!
Plus a Getaway Weekend for 2. A miga World s three-part Summer *88 Treasure Hunt begins this month. Your first set of clues is waiting on page 60. Break out your maps and compasses: The game is on!
COVER II.1DSTRATION BY TIM TKKBKKN
Power user quality memory expansion meeting full Zorro I and Zorro II standards. 0, 1 2, 1, and 2 megabyte or 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 megabyte boards in AI000 and A2000 formats.
One of the top 10 selling Amiga programs for 1987, Face II boosts floppy access speeds by as much as 12 fold. All Amigas. More than 5I2K suggested.
Industry standard daughter board interface. Hundreds of modules available. IEEE-488, A D. D A, DIO. Serial parallel, servo, SCSI, bar code and MUCH more.
AI000 owners keep current with the 2000-and-I which provides Zorro I, Zorro II. IBM and hard drive expansion for the AI000.
Also the Mini Rack family provides lower cost Zorro I compatibility.
A blend of shoot'em up action, strategic thinking, dozens of sounds and smooth animation make Cubemaster a well balanced and captivating game. All Amigas. Joystick suggested.
Because you get what you pay for.. . . . .get ASDG.
925 Stewart Street Madison, WI 53713
Guy Wright, Editor-in-chief SHAWN LAFLAMME, Managing Editor ROBERT M. Ryan, Technical Editor Linda J. Barrett, Senior Editor Dan Sullivan, Senior Editor Barbara GEFVERT, Review Editor Bill Catchings, David T. McClellan,
Mark L. Van Name, Lou Wallace, Contributing Editors
ROSSLYN A. Frick, Art Director HOWARD G. HAPP, Assistant Art Director
Anne Dillon, Designer Roger Goode, Designer
RUTH Benedict, Production Advertising Supervisor LAURA JOHNSON, Production Assistant
KENNETH BLAKEMAN, Sales Manager MICHAEL McGOLDRICK, Sales Representative
Heather Paquette, Puli Down Menu Sales, 1-800-441-4403
LlNDA M. BUSSIERE, Advertising Coordinator GIORGIO SaLUTI, Manager, West C'AHist Sales 1-415-328-3470 DANNA CARNEY, Pull Down Menu Sales Assistant, West Coast 3350 W. Bayshore Road, Suite 201 Palo Alto, CA 94303 SANDY KIERSTEAD, Secretary
WENDIE HAINES, Marketing Manager
Laura Livingston, Marketing coordinator
BARBARA Harris, Business Manager LlSA LAFLEUR, Customer Seri'ice Representative
Michael S. Perlis, President CEO Roger Murphy, Vice-President General iManager STEPHEN TWOMBLY, Group Publisher Consumer Home Magazines
DENNIS CHRISTENSEN, Director of Corporate Production LlNDA PALMISANO, Typesetting Manager
Doreen Means, Typographer
SUSAN Gross, Manufacturing Manager Leslie Walden, Assistant Manufacturing Manager
FRANK S. SMITH, Director of Circulation BONNIE WELSH, Circulation Manager PAUL RUESS, Direct Marketing Manager LINDA Ruth, Newsstand Sales MICHAEL CARROLL, Direct Sales Manager 800-343-0728 WILLIAM M. Boyer, Director of Credit Sales & Collections
ArnigdWbrUJ (ISSN 088:3 2390) is an independent journal not connected with Commodore Business Machines. Inc. AMIGA Hi rttl is published monthly by IDG CoTninunitulions PetcrboriHigh. Inc.. 80 Kim St.. Peterborough, Nil 03458. U.S. subscription rate is $ 24.97. one vcar; 3800. Two years; $ 53.00, three years. Canada $ 34.97 (U.S. funds), one year only. Mexico $ 32.97. Korean Surface $ 47.97. Foreign Airmail $ 82.97 (U.S. funds drawn on U S. hank) All rales arc one year only. Second class postage paid at Peterborough. Nil. And at additional mailing offices. Plume: (i03-924-9471. Kntire contents copyright 1988 by IDG Communications Peterborough. Inc. No part of this publication may lie printed or otherwise reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Postmaster: Send address changes to AmigaWirrlil, Subscription Services, I‘() Box 58804. Btmldcr. C() 80322-8804. Nationally distributed In International Circulation Distributors. AmigaWirrUl makes even el fort to assure I fie accuracy of art it les. Listings and circuits published in the magazine AttugaWmld assumes no respmsibilits lor damages due to errors or omissions.
A Powerful Creativity Tool
for Serious Layout Artists, Designers
EXPERTS SAY IT’S THE BEST!
If you're looking for the best in desktop publishing, listen to what the experts say about Professional Page. They call it an industry bcary- ireight and a world class innovator. That's because it's so richly endowed with sophisticated high end features you won’t find anywhere else.
But Professional Page is more than a revolutionary page layout tool that
combines color graphics and precision typesetting. In the hands oi a professional, like yon, it's an unlair advantage. 11 you’re serious about professional page layout and want to experience the thrill of creativity, then get Professional Page. It's at your Amiga dealer now.
WHOLE NEW AGE IS ABOUT TO DAWN
Heady stuff ... Iwilll take us to entirely new realms in desktop publishing ...is impressive ... can handle typographically demanding documents.
Amiga World, May I98S
Ranks Among The Best
Professional Page can hold its head up in the company of such heavy hitters as Ventura Publisher and PageMaker.
Ch'Clroitit CoinfMisiiimi c- Publishing March April 1 X»S
THE AC.E OF PROFESSIONAL PAGE
More reasons to own Professional Page
... compelling ... innovative ... deep access to the powers of PostScript ... good range of object oriented drawing tools ... the program is fast, its features are well integrated and Gold Disk appears committed to further refinement ...
Kind of impressive, isn’t it? We’re • The bet graph couW have been not claiming this is the ultimate in imported from any Amiga patnl or design from Madison Avenue. Bui drawing package. Vc drew it we do think il holds real potential quickly using the bui It -in drawing for career adv ancemenl and cn- tools.
Tranced business communications. • The Rolcx was created in a ] usi think what this type of pa*- paint program, then imported and scniaiion can mean for communi- sized. This is a very versatile fea- cations with your staff, your supe- ture of Professional Page. You can rlor, your customers and your manipulate pictures and draw mgs,
suppliers. It gives you impact. It sizing and cropping them at will.
... decimates its Amiga competition.
Amiga World. May OSS
makes your point of view more persuasive.
How this page was created
? The big A was drawn using
• The Gold Disk logo was not digitized. It was created w ith the built-in drawing loots in just a few minutes. Once on disk, a logo
Plixtnmic (.'oinf*>stti ni & Publishii n March April PXSS
Professional Page’s built-in struc- may be used over and over again.
Lured drawing tools.
• Gold Disk, above the A at the top. W as set and italicized. Any typeface you use may be bolded, italicized, and underlined, multiplying the impact of each face.
That’s only the tip of the iceberg. With time and practice you can learn to produce stunning presentations in a fraction of the time . Comes with excellent manual.
Full telephone support. Requires
* An orange screen was placed in Amiga with 1 Mb of memory, back of the A. You can form any Outputs to PostScript laser print -
number of patterns, line weights, ers and typesetters and dot matrix
and screens. And you can easily printers (color or black & white), center, kem or lead blocks ot type. Includes built-in color separation.
From concept to color seps
After years of preparing black and white camera-ready an for color printing, we can now design and compose in color and produce [date-ready final film.
P. O. Ho 1*9. Strectsville. Mississauga. Ontario. CANADA. 1-5M 2C2 Phone: (416) H2H-0913 for orders*. -*00-3*1-8192.
I v Juni Prim & Graphic Sen ices Concord. Ontario
This cmin. Document ana ,vl wavcreated and color separated using l*T >to.Morut Page V l.t
TT";;c,;« «* **,,nx,
M l(k "Kvt. M;,V sell for |ess.
Birthday wishes for the Amiga and AmigaWorld.
BACK IN THE dark ages, about three years ago, the Amiga computer was officially unveiled in NYC with a lot of hoopla and pomp and appropriate circumstance. As people walked into the auditorium to get their first look at the Amiga, they picked up a copy of a fairly slick magazine called AmigaWorld.
Exactly how we managed to have our premiere issue ready in time for tfie Amiga launch is a confused and convoluted storv. If you want to hear all
the gory details, stop by some afternoon and we can spend a few hours reminiscing over a beer or five. I have related parts of the tale here and there, and when 1 retire to write The Book About the Magazine, the world will know the whole story about how much trouble and fun it was.
That first issue came out in July '85, and we published one more issue that year. Those first two issues contained enough solid information to fill about half an issue. The rest was padding, hype, pretty pictures, and wishful thinking. I admit that those early issues were more pastry than meat, hut we didn’t have a whole lot to work with. At least the magazine looked great and got people interested in the Amiga.
We kicked off 198(5 with one of our most talked about issues, the Andy Warhol issue. People still grimace or Hindi or chuckle or kid me about that issue. Hey, 1 liked it. (1 did the interview with Andy and wrote die story, so of course 1 think it was brilliant.) As 1986 wore on. We started to pick up the pace a bit. We were finally getting real authors to write real stories about real products. We were gathering more material to publish than we had room for in the magazine. We had gone from one extreme to the other. It was great to have all this material, but we quickly found ourselves constrained bv the bi-monthly schedule.
You wanted more information, ancl we had it, we just couldn't get it all to you. By the end of 1986, we knew that it was time to push hard to become a monthly publication.
The question was, were there enough advertisers out there to support a monthly Amiga magazine. (We had and still have more than enough readers, but as I have said before, as long as we have all those ads in the magazine, we won't have to charge you $ 8.00 a copy.)
Throughout 1985 and ’86, people told us that we weren’t giving them enough hard core information about the Amiga. That was true, and other magazines capitalized on that.
They emerged right and left, claiming that they were for the “serious” Amiga user; they published more technical informal ion than we did. Were more timely, etc. My feeling is that there is more than enough material, people, and interest in the Amiga market to support more than one magazine. If they can do a better job, then we don’t deserve to be on top. But I’m not convinced that they have fulfilled their promise, and perhaps
that is why some of them have
stumbled and then vanished while AmigaWorld has kept getting stronger.
In 1987, we did two things to get more information out to you. We published our Special Issue, which sold out in record time, and by the end of the year, our management gave us the go-ahead to publish on a monthly basis.
We did increase our techno- coverage in '87, and people appreciated it. Commodore started shipping two new Amiga models last year, which gave the Amiga and AmigaWorld a real boost. The A2000 and the A500 were proof that Commodore wasn't completely brain damaged. Somebody (perhaps Gail Wellington) knew that the Amiga was a great machine and didn’t deserve to die from neglect.
1987 was a good year for Amiga World. We were finally on a monthly schedule, we had two new machines to write about, and lots of third-party developers were getting charged lip again. So tar, 1988 has already been a real tern- pest of activity for AmigaWorld (and for the Amiga). We found that our coverage was a bit too technical for all the A500 owners who were starting to read AmigaWorld. We changed gears a hit to give you what you wanted. Our C programming tutorials turned into BASIC tutorials. We have been taking advantage of our monthly schedule to give you more timely information through our Notepad section. We are publishing more reviews and new product announcements, and we have been giving you more buyer’s guides and lists and charts and comparative reviews than most other publications do in an entire year.
During our first year, all we wanted to do was survive, and we wanted the Amiga to survive. Our goal for the next year was to improve the magazine so that we weren't just fluff. We succeeded. East year we wanted to go monthly. We did. In 1988, I would like to see the amount of pages in AmigaWorld double. Two- hundred or more pages every month ought to he a good start. So far we have achieved every goal that we have set for ourselves, and it might take a hit of whining, cajoling, blackmail, patience, and luck, hut we’ll give it a good try. T he Amiga deserves it, you deserve it, and I would certainly enjoy doing it. Happy third birthday to the Amiga and to AmigaWorld. Now blow out tlie candles and let’s eat.
Upgrade from Perfect to Excellence!
Micro-Systems Software is committed to a higher stan- dard of excellence. And we’re ready to prove it! Our
!gpf newest Amiga product is a
I ES;: full-featured word processor
m BBSS?! Ik' * that exemplifies our comply g||K €¦ mitment to the Amiga. And
r ¦ ¦
jH to you. We have appropri-
Sm atcly named it excellence!
CdTrfjr or 0 V*0US reasons. First of
W all, users of our popular
m Umg-word processor Scribble!
W ™ ) told us about the features
they wanted in a full- featured word processor. So we compiled their suggestions and designed excellence!, a program that sets new standards for word processing. And more importantly, excellence! Has been developed specifically for the Amiga, on the Amiga. It takes advantage of the user-friendly Amiga interface and is designed to be intuitive in a way no other word processor can match. An important point: several companies, new to the Amiga market, want you to think their track record with other computer systems makes them instant experts with your Amiga. That just isn’t so. Micro-Systems Software is one of the pioneer developers of produc- tivity software exclusively for the Amiga! We know your Amiga inside out. So, features you once thought be
now consider basics.
Excellence! Has all the is
powerful features required
a modern word processor, in a package sophisticated i enough to use in desktop
There are always minor differences between programs designed for the same application. Before you make your choice, consider these major differences between excellence! And several well-known word processing programs! Excellence! Processes words perfectly and does it faster than any other WYSIWYG word processing program available, giving the text-only programs a race for their money! (Not all programs claiming to be WYSIWYG really are. Excellence! Shows you everything, including super- and sub scripts, headers, footers,
footnotes, colors, .--
and graphics!) I
Excellence! Has all | |V, , . I ? I I I ? 1
of the standard ¦ ¦¦¦:¦: 1 ¦ | -----
features too, in- 1' ¦ Z
eluding: mail ¦" I !>---
merge, full clip- I -------
board support, full L - g. I ~
text styling, multi- r" ‘ ~ ~
pie methods-of I ¦ ¦ -----;
movement w ithin ffeMl - 7?
and replace, and printer control! Excellence! Has a dramatic collection of features that place it at the forefront of a new generation of full-featured word processsors. Its innovations include: full color support'of text, inclusion of IFF graphic _ images, spelling check as you type, basic math capabilities within documents, multiple column support, proportional font support, Index generator, Table of Con- tents generator, integrated Thesaurus, integrated Grammatical and Style checker, and PostScript output!
Excellence! Is the perfect word processor for every need. From letters m to newsletters; from the annual report
|gj| j ¦ to scientific research articles; from
jP|| book reports
I writing aspires [
M?:' " ¦ to excellence, UllJIjMori]
r you need a pro- Micro-Systems Software
I gram to match! Committed to excellence.
Committed to excellence.
12798 West Forest Hill, Boulevard I* West Palm Beach, Florida 33414
* l-(800) 327-8724 in Florida: (305) 790-0770
Dealers and Distributors call Brown-Wagh. 1 (800) 451-0900 in California: (408) 395*3838
Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore Amiga. Inc. PostScript is a registered trademark ot Adobe Systems, Inc. Excellence! Is a registered trademark of Micro-Systems Software. Inc.
Committed to excellence since 1978.
Comments, complaints, and concerns from Amiga World readers.
REGARDING THE LETTER from Fred Kuhlman [“Fat Agnus on the Loose ’ Repartee, May ’88> p. 10], I’ve had similar seating problems with Fat Agnus, and so have many AMIGAs I've talked to. In fact, I’ve had seating problems with half the chips in my Amiga. Yes, I did buy my system from a
• J j
computer store. Yes, it was sealed in its original carton, in its original plastic wrapping when I bought it, so there can be no excuses from Commodore.
The Amiga is a miraculous machine. However, Commodore mast improve quality control. They have really dropped the ball in this area. An Amiga 500 that is under six months old should still act like it's brand new. Come on Commodore! Lefs get back to basics!
Grand Rapids, MI
Commodore was going to take the bull by the horns and produce a top-notch, high-quality machine. Well, my A500 is three weeks old and it's in the shop.
To add insult to injury, the first week I had my A500. I gave an impressive demonstration to a relative who purchased a PC clone with half the features and a price tag S300 higher than that of the A500. He got the last laugh lie’s using his machine.
What good is a low price if the lack of quality frustrates customers and damages Commodore’s name?
Bronx Cheers for Dr. Tim
GOLLY! ! THOUGHT I had you folks straightened out when I last wrote to you a couple of years ago after you published that tripe on Andy Warhol, and here you go again!
AmigaWorld is probably the best Amiga magazine on the newsstand, but now you go and publish an article on Timothy Leary [“Cyberpunk and Psychedelia.” Notepad, May ’88, p. 12], the most infamous and despicable of all the advocates of narcotics in our history. I only wish you had printed his picture as he looked in his “prime.” This character is probably responsible lor the drug deaths of more young people than any other drug advocate of the period. 1 urge everyone to boycott any product that bears his name, or those of his confederates!
Fred W. Little
IF COMPUTERS ARE one tool for the salvation of humankind, it is frightening to think that the Amiga is Timothy Leary’s favorite.
I RECENTLY PURCHASED what I now feel is the best home computer on the market today, the Amiga 500.
The other day, while watching a movie on HBO, something happened to my hometown’s cable signal. Much to my irritation I was watching a great movie), the screen turned black. Quickly, 1 switched through all of the channels to see if anything was still on. The only cable chan- nel that was giving out a picture wras the cable TV-guidc channel. But I noticed that it was not giving out the usual TV information instead, it was displaying the title bar of Workbench 1.2.
I was stunned, I had heard that the Amiga is being used in some business applications and that some TV stations were using it for its exceptional graphics capabilities, but I had never thought it would be used in something as widespread as cable TV, T his experience has doubled my faith in this terrific home computer.
Jeffrey Doolittle Nash ua, Nil
3000 Wish List
I RECEN TLY READ a magazine article containing a Lotus 1-2-3 wish list. Then 1 thought, why not have an Amiga 3000 wish list? Here is mine:
L 20 Mhz 68020 (or 68030!).
2. 20 Mhz 68881 math processor (or 68882).
3. 1MB RAM (expandable to about 16MB).
4. Five A2000-compatible expansion slots.
5. 640x512 pixels non-interlaced (PAL version).
6. Possible resolutions of 1280 x 1024 pixels.
7. Non-HAM video modes capable of 256 colors from a palette of 16777216 different hues,
8. Coprocessors addressing all system memory (no 512K limit).
9. No standard MS-DOS compatibility. An Amiga should be an Amiga!
Bring it to life. Commodore!
Mikael Ohlsson Stockholm, Sweden
Send your letters to: Repartee, AmigaWorld Editorial, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Letters may be edited for space and clarity. ¦
@ $ 29.“us $ 34.95
@ $ 29.96us($ 34.ss
Commodore is a
d trademark pf Commodore Jlectroi
Payment by: ? Check
Ej ry Daw Sgrwtue
Please add *4.00 lor shipping and handing Ontario residents please add 3% P ST No C Q D please
Ready Soft Inc. f?0. Box 1222, Lewiston, N.Y 14092
Edited by Linda Barrett
WHEN ERIC GRAHAM ray- traced his dazzling animations in Commodore's booth at the National Association of Broadcasters Convention in Las Vegas, video manufacturers began to get nervous. The question buzzing through the multitude of onlookers was whether it was worth investing in high-end systems now that the Amiga was on the scene. Video systems costing from $ 40,000 to $ 70,000 touted ray tracing, but their algorithms at the right price. A serious contender in the professional video market, Neriki’s Pro-Genlock supports both the NTSC and PAL standards. The 4000 series genlocks from Magni Systems Inc. offer a General Purpose Interface (RS-422) for SMPTE time code, plugging into the ics system, looked better than some of the high-end systems, especially when you considered the price.
Commodore put the accent on video at the N.A.B. convention.
The Amiga’s combination of price and performance is exactly what has sent high-end video manufacturers reeling.
Al Hospers, of Dr. T's Music Software, conducted tk* u the Amiga 2000’s role in composition and performance t"83'6’'8 Demo lor Cwnpul AWad Music, demonstrating
was running, Hospers accessed a voice librarian program , ""'‘h h'S
+u lt A . Hr°9ram- informing the audience “Many computers can control MIDI
synthesizers, but the multitasking Amiga is the oniv nnn . *
. IA , * 0 l©*s me change the sounds of my Instruments at the
same time that it plays them.
The Master’s Demo for Desktop Video was a rrnuud
crowd pleaser, with NewTek's Video Toaster and A-Squared’s LIVE!
Basking in the seminar spotlight, the Amiga proved it is truly a Renaissance computer, proficient in music, video, and graphics, as well as a host of scientific applications.
an entire group, and order them through u-rn
distribution system. E operation.
C-PRO tests all its C routines for usability, efficiency, members can
The routines are licensed to C-PRO members only, ancl 0
include them in programs Intended for commercial s ble review,
r pro Upon lavui
You can also submit your own C routines to i*- the profn
C-PRO will distribute your routines and give you a p Association,
¦*„ trt- C programmers
from sales. For more information, call or write xo.
91731, 818 442-1522-
JEFF veil, ing classi kegon Chronicle.
THE SIX TEAMS of developers gathered at C Ltd headquarters, amassing a powerful, integrated Amiga package a complete 300 dot-per-inch laser system, an ultra-fast printer driver, a SCSI interface, an optional scanner, a FAX modem, plus CAD, paint, and desktop-publishing programs. Selling for
Freudian slip in the Ficd ad section of The Mus- C'hrntiirlp t
less than S2500, Laser-X-Press (codenamed the Cassiopeia Project) promises to be a "complete solution” for the creative professional market.
If the level of excitement at the mini developers’ conference in March was any indication, designers should have had little trouble making the scheduled
dn*e unit. T2BK. P
- th screen. ST30o
Comdex unveiling. General Computer Corp. is supplying the laser printer; the driver conies courtesy of Avant Garde Software. Associated Computer Services is perfecting a custom version of their scanner-driver software, while Soft Logic Corp. is working on a special version of its Publishing Partner desktop-publishing program. PAR Software Inc. will supply Express Paint, and Soft Circuits will furnish PCLO and QCAD (a printed circuit board layout program and CAD package). Most important to eager consumers, Southern Technologies will distribute the system.
What makes Laser-X-Press
THE AMIGA WAS RUBBING keyboards with the big boys earlier this year in San Francisco at the Ioth
annual Video Expo. The week-long trade show, covering all aspects of professional video production, featured exhibits by such industry giants as Sony, Ampex, Panasonic, and JVC, In addition to drawing big crowds on the main floor, the Amiga starred in a desktop-video seminar.
The video industry is beginning to recognize the Amiga as a useful tool, but will it be satisfied? At the show,
unique is that all of the components can use one, giant bitmapped image area in the Amiga, meaning each program
can write to or modify the same
image. Once the image is finished, you can save it or dump it to the laser printer.
Beyond the basic system, C Ltd will be selling a 300-dpi optica! Scanner and a 9600-baud modem card with FAX capabilities. If that isn’t enough, C Ltd and the other manufacturers are exploring the possibilities of networking several Amigas to the system.
Contact C Ltd, 723 East Skinner, Wichita, KS 67211,316 267*
everyone familiar with the computer agreed: If the Amiga produced higher-resolution graphics and used a faster microprocessor, it could become a phenomenal success in the video production market. The question becomes, will Commodore spend the research and development dollars needed to meet the challenge?
With the Macintosh II and Atari ST turning their monitors towards desktop video, can Commodore afford not to?
m,GA W X) - With A
Monitor, 2400 bautl ~ J?‘°a Printer, disks modern, 1 Ties.SHso and accesso-
Hints, tips and techniques from your fellow Amiga users.
I’VE BEEN READING lately about how the filter on the sound channels can be turned off. Well, if you are using BASIC, you can do this with a POKE statement. POKE 12574721,254 turns off the filter and poke 12574721,252 turns it hack on.
I have written a program that lets you do this on the fly while you play a music program in the background:
10 A = 12574721 20 ONFIL = 252 50 OFFIL = 254 40 KS = INKEYS
50 IF SWITCH $ = I’HEN
GOTO 40 00 POKE A,ONFIL
70 IF KS = *V THEN POKE A,OFFIL 80 GOTO 40 90 END
Obviously, this program could have been written a number of different ways (even without the line numbers). As long as you keep the numbers straight, it should work on the 500 and most 2000s (otherwise expect to crash the machine).
I was told that it makes the red light dim, but on my 500 it goes out completely. Does anyone know why this happens?
Brian Akey Sycamore, II.
WHEN SKETCHING ON the screen with DeluxePaint, 1 find it difficult to keep the various parts of my sketch in proportion. To make this job easier, 1 use a technique that I worked out on the C-64.
Draw your picture on a piece of transparent plastic, such as an overhead projector transparency, using a marker designed for use on this kind of material. A piece of white paper underneath the transparency makes it similar to drawing on a blank piece of paper. Or you can trace an existing picture. Then, tape the plastic to the monitor screen. Using the transparency as a guide, draw your picture on the screen with the mouse. Then, remove the transparency and use the mouse to color and shade the picture.
Lise a light-colored marker (I like red) so that, as you copy your sketch onto the screen, you will he able to see the lines of your on-screen drawing underneath the transparency. This method is a bit cheaper than a drawing tablet and gives similar results.
Toronto, Ont., Canada
HERE ARE SOME key combinations that you might find useful:
CTRL-g (ascii 7) flashes the screen
CTRL-k (ascii 11) cursor up
CTRL-1 (ascii 12) clear screen
CTRL-n (ascii 14) Alt lock
CTRL-0 (ascii 15) Alt unlock
LeftA-n moves Workbench screen to front
LeftA-Tii moves Workbench screen behind
LeftA-v Retry on system request
LeftA-b Cancel on system request
You can, for example, use the CTRL combinations in text files or in ECHO or PROMPT commands. Try this example in the CLI. Type:
Then hold CTRL and press k 28 times. Then type:
]>’’ and press the Return key. Now try some CLI commands and see what happens. Commands with long output wilt make the screen messy.
WordPerfect Printer Changes
IF YOU USE WordPerfect, here is a little piece of information that will become valuable if you buy another printer. As you know, WordPerfect lets you set up your printer choices once, and then you don’t have to worry about it again. But if you start using another printer, the program won’t let you add the new printer to the printer choices you made the first time around, l'hc manual doesn’t help, but it does state that your printer choices are saved in three files on your WordPerfect disk (not the printer disk!).
To add your new printer to your choices, load the Workbench disk and enter the CLI. Put the WordPerfect disk in DF1: and type:
delete sfeed.prl delete sfont.prt delete sprinter.prt
Then reboot using the WordPerfect disk. When you select anything from the Print Menu, WordPerfect will search for these files, and, not finding any, it will then ask for the printer disk. Insert the disk and select your new printer choices.
Bob Robinson London, Ont., Canada
If you have an idea you'd like to share with our readers, send it to Hors d oeuvres, AmigaWorkl Editorial. 80 Elm St., I)'ter borough, Nil 03458. If your idea gets published, you'll receive an AmigaWorkl surprise gift. ¦
YOU WANT LIVE ACTION, FAST MOTION AND SPECIAL EFFECTS, AND YOU WANT IT ALL AT ONCE. INVISION GIVES IT TO YOU
is written in the manual and what appears on screen Representative of this is a menu that is called Settings In the manual, but referred to as Consols on the screen. Within this menu, the Adjust Levels rhand described in the documentation appears on screen as Video Signals; Mouse Tinting and No Mouse Tinting commaftdi are replaced by a tdggli, the two Info commands aren’t even noted in the manual.
The Quickstart section, intended to get you up to speed quickly, leads you to believe that the Live!
SJ rtACT, AND
The Door coordination between what Live! Lift capture y©ur image in a number ef ways.
WHAT'S A TA TO?
That's a very good question. Taito (pronounced Tie-toe) is one of the oldest and biggest names in the arcade industry. We're the world's largest manufacturer and operator of arcade games. Taito's been in the business since 1953.
And that's just the beginning. Taito practically started the video game industry with our classic arcade hit. Space !nvaders!M And over the years, Taito has created more than 1,000 other great action games for arcade and home play:
Now Taito has something equally exciting for you to slip into your home computer. Taito is bringing the same pioneering spirit, technical quality and excitement that made us the arcade leader to your Commodore, Amiga, IBM, Apple and Atari computers. Home computers will never be the same.
Taito is the arcade leader for a very good reason. We consistently make great video games that bring more action and value to the people who play our games. And literally millions of people play our games in arcades and homes all over the world.
Our strength comes from the massive development effort we put into creating the kind of games that satisfy the evergrowing arcade appetite and the research gathered from the more than 100,000 arcade machines Taito operates in Japan. (The money in the coin boxes at the end of the day tells you very quickly if you've got a good game or not.) And Taito is always working hard to develop the most exciting action-packed new video games that push the technology to its limits*
Because arcade games are the benchmark for home video games, Taito's continuing leadership in the arcade industry means that when you buy Taito products you'll know you're getting the most video thrills, mesmerizing arcade quality graphics, spell-binding sound and above all, actionI
That's why nobody but Taito can bring you more of what you're looking for in home computer video games. One thing's for sure. You don't get to be the biggest in the arcade business by making run of the mill video games.
When you buy Taito games you're getting more than just fun. We bring you games that test your nerve and your
Tailo Software Inc. 267 West Esplanade, North Vancouver. BC, Canada V7M1A& Tel: 604-384-3344. Taito* Arkanoid.™ Renegade.™ Alcon,™ Rastan,™ Bubble Bobble,™ Operation WolfJM Sky Shark™ and Gladiator™ are trademarks of Taito America, Inc Copyright ©1988 All rights reserved. Amiga. Commodore Apple IBM and Atari are trademarks respectively of Commodore-
Amiga, Inc. Commodore Electronics, Ltd.. Apple Computer Inc, International Business Machines and Atari Corporation. Advertisement by Qually & Company Inc, (Chicago}. *lf you think you've got the technical and creative ability to develop mind-blowing video games, write to Taito, Attention: Product Development, at the above address.
Circle 56 on Reader Service card.
BUBBLE BOBBLE: Laugh-packed addictive action. Up to WO levels of arcade quality play. One or 2 player action. The number one game in Europe three months in a row.
Strategy. Taito games will make you laugh and put you on the edge of your seat with adventure, action and excitement. Taito takes you on voyages to places you've never been before- to brave new worlds of imagination and fantasy. After all, isn't that what great video games are all about?
And every action game we put our name on is more than just competitive confrontation. Taito home video games are all about the values of good triumphing over evil, of being the best you can be. That's what you'll get in a game like Bubble Bobble™ Soon we'll bring you ArkanoidI™ Renegade™ Alcon™Rastan™ Operation Wolf,™ Sky Shark™ and Gladiator.™ And we've got even more arcade block-busters coming on software formats for play on your home computer. Taito's home-bound hit parade of video fun has just begun.
Who but the arcade leader could bring you so much? That's Taito I Aren't you glad you asked?
Buy Taito products at leading computer stores everywhere. If no stores are near you, Visa MasterCard holders can order direct from anywhere in the U.S. by calling toll free 1-800-663-8067.
play defaults are set at 15 frames per second in black-and-white and 12 frames per second in simple-color mode. A Smooth Images command achieves antialiasing; other commands switch between the 16-gray-level black-and-white mode, 32-color mode, and the 4096-color (HAM) mode.
Through the Settings menu you can adjust the video signals, alter the color palette for use with a genlock, and colorize. Colorizing lets you control luminance (brightness), saturation (density), and hue (RGB cycling). Color maps, accessible via the left mouse button, introduce a wild series of mixed effects. The 12 maps range from light zebra blues to garish crayon and gray negative.
The Pause function enables you to pull the screen down to access the CLI, Workbench, or whatever is below. There are a good number of command-key alternatives in the software.
The Capture menu provides the means to save images or animation sequences to memory or to disk, play them back (from RAM only), designate the number of frames to capture, and free the RAM for another use. Saved to memory. Each frame takes 40K; with 512K of RAM, you can save four frames. To give you an idea of the duration of such animation sequences, 55 frames will run for
3. 6 seconds. When saved to disk, the Playriff utility compresses the data by 50% or more.
Playriff will replay the file one frame at a time or in a non-stop sequential mode. The utility also lets you append one captured sequence to another, doubling the playtime. (You can view sequences without Live! By including Playriff on the video image disk.) Another option allows you to change images, one frame at a time from the utility’s format to standard-IFF, for inclusion in any Amiga paint program.
Live! Performed admirably. Connected to an 8mm Sony CCD-V3, the digitizer worked its magic from black-and-white to colorizing to HAM, from 320 x 200 color to 320 x 400, and from smooth to fast images. Most amazing though, was capturing a sequence in RIFF mode and replaying it. Other advanced features make use of genlock devices. Pointing a video camera at the monitor connected to Live! (thus filming yourself filming) puts you in what the manual calls the Feedback Zone. The result is unusual, to say the least.
Live! Is a remarkable piece of equipment for a few hundred dollars. The manual needs an overhaul, hut construction and performance run from very good to excellent, and Playriff is an exciting and valuable bonus.
6114 La Salle Ave., Suite 326 Oakland, CA 94611 415 339-0339 800 452-4455
800 626-9541 in California $ 299
Dramatist? Poet? No, desktop publisher!
By Chris Dickman
WHAT'S BEEN MISSING from the desk- top-publishing world is a program to produce pages of color text and graphics. The curiously named Shakespeare, by Infinity Software, is such a program. Shakespeare lets you combine text and Interchange File Format (IFF) graphics, manipulate and then print them on a color or PostScript-laser printer.
Color inkjet and thermal printers are suitable for creating fairly good-quality pages in limited quantities. If you have a PostScript printer though, the situation is different. Shakespeare lets you use high-quality PostScript fonts, and converts all IFF graphics into gray-scaled images (which the manual mistakenly calls halftones). Shakespeare's handling of type verges on primitive, but the ability to bring IFF graphics into the PostScript environment will endear it to many. Professional Page (The Gold Disk) also has this capability, but at more than twice the price.
The Shakespeare screen is similar to most desktop-publishing applications. The display is bordered on the top and left by rulers that can measure by inches or picas. To the right and bottom are scroll bars for navigating the page. You
can perform operations with the aid of menus, or by using the icons in the onscreen toolbox for such common tasks as moving and resizing objects.
Look at It This Way
A key to creating with a desktop-publishing program is the ability to move easily between diverse views of the page. Usually these include an overall view and a handful of magnifications. Shakespeare is a bit peculiar, in effect providing only two options. The default view depends on which of four screen resolutions you’ve selected. For those using non-interlaced monitors, that means tired old 600x200, producing an extreme three- to-one aspect ratio reducing the "what- you-see-is-whal-you-gef' principle to rubble. Other views are obtainable only by changing resolutions, a jarring experience that doesn’t really compensate.
The method for surveying an entire page, on the other hand, is elegant. You can pop up a small window at any time to display I he page in miniature, with an outline denoting the section currently on screen. Even better is the ability to display any other page in this window, and resize or move it.
At the heart of any desktop-publishing program is the ability to combine text and graphics files. Shakespeare accepts files from most Amiga word processors by stripping them of control codes, leaving text in ASCII form. The drawback is that any formatting entered with a word processor, such as tabs or underlining, will be lost. Filters should be added to Shakespeare to keep popular formatting intact.
What distinguishes Shakespeare from the other programs that attempt to mix text and color graphics is the way it transcends the Amiga’s ability to display only a subset of the potential 4096 colors at Workbench resolutions. Shakespeare remembers each image’s palette information. If you have graphics with different palettes on one page, as you click on each, it (and the rest of the screen) will be displayed using that particular set of colors. Even though you can only display one palette at a time on screen, each graphic will print in its own colors.
This is an ingenious way around the Amiga’s limitations (although it is difficult to visualize your page because not all images appear correctly colored on screen at once). Shakespeare accepts any
Burst the two-dimensional straightjacket that imprisons your video graphics. Enter the full-depth, full-color world of X-Specs 3D. The third dimensional stereoscopic world of human vision.
Now does it work? The X-Specs advanced high-speed liquid crystal shutters allow
your computer to control what each eye sees independently (at 30 frames per second). The results are breathtaking.
Objects step out of your computer's display room with lifelike reality. You can add new life to presentations, CAD, molecular and solids modeling. You can
play games with more realism than ever imaginable.
Easy installation involves plugging interface into joystick port and running software included. Look for the variety of new programs supporting the X-Specs' Real Eyes vision.
Ask your local dealer for a demonstration. If he doesn't
yet, call or write us. We'll make sure you get a chance to see the new world of
C-64 and VCR interface coming soon. Dealer & distributor inquiries invited.
Amiga version list
HAITEX RESOURCES, INC. 208 Carrollton Pork • Suite 1207 * Carrollton, Texas 75006 • (214) 241-8030
X-Specs 3D and Real Eyes are trademarks of Hattex Resources, Inc. Amiga Is a registered trademark ol Commodore-Amiga, Inc. Picture above is NOT a computer-generated Image.
IFF graphics file cxcepi HAM (Hold-And- Modify), but expects the image to have been saved as a brush; non-brush graphics displayed unpredictably.
Shakespeare uses the frame technique to contain text and graphics on the page. Frames are boxes that define the boundaries of a page clement and let you manipulate it in a number of ways. You can move, size, delete, and copy frames and their contents, and in the case of graphics you can crop, too. You can also drag
YOUR CREATIVE POWER WITH...
THE NEW STANDARD IN AMIGA ANIMATION PERFORMANCE
JUST A FEW OF THE FEATURES YOU WILL FIND...
• I’ogcFlippcr Plus t- X generates smooth, rapkl. Full-screen animation in any Amiga resolution mode, including HAM and overscan
• It is capable of extremely powerful compression of Amiga images, in many cases allowing dozens or even hundreds of frames to he manipulated in RAM
• Compiled animations can be chained across more than one disk
• Animations arc easily editable, even after compression, using the interactive context-sensitive script editor
- Very simple, well designed, easy to leant user interface
• Supports AN1M format
Bob Graham at ANI FX and Ian Forbes at Video Works in Kitchener, Canada, are video professionals. Clients like UNIRQYALand Johnson & Johnson don’t settle for anything less than smooth, hi-resolution animation.
That’s how they found Mindware international and PageFlipper Plus F X! It was the only software program that coutd do the job!
¦ Works w ith NTSC and PAL video standards
• Multiple split-screen animation speeds
- Add backgrounds, foregrounds globally, by segment and frame by frame
• Flip animation segments upside down or left to right
• Program includes a Player program for distributing your animations
• English, French, and German versions available
• Works with any Amiga 500, 1000, or 2000 with 512k
• Full credit for registered PagcFlippcr owners available directly through Mindwurc International.
For more Information or the dealer neural you:
1-705-737-5998 To order direct: 1-800-461-5441
Mindware International tin Dunlop Street Wesl,
Barrie, Ontario, Canaria
l. -IM 5K3
, ftrg.v'rttd indenurt nf C«nmwfcw : Mart no. P.feRip|*f « rcfirtfmJ mdrmufc rtf
in hi-res), which correspond to the Amiga color registers. By selecting a color and adjusting the RGB sliders, you can change the palettes of frames, pages, or entire documents.
Shakespeare allows you to change colors on a character-by-character basis.
One frame over another, make it transparent or opaque and then send it behind or bring it in front.
Once you've organized your page, fun with color begins. The procedure involves placing a number of graphics on a page, setting the palette for the entire document to achieve overall uniformity, then adding graphics that need to keep their palettes intact. Changing a palette brings up a requester displaying 32 color squares in medium-resolution mode (16
To color any block of text, simply click and drag over the area, then select your color. Another requester lets you apply color to borders and backgrounds of both text and graphics frames.
Whether rainbow-hued or basic black, type is the most important part of any document. When you load a text file into Shakespeare and create a frame on the page, the frame fills with text. Create another frame and it picks up where the first leaves off, so that resizing any frame affects the text in subsequent ones. This principle, known as dynamic linking, is used by all desktop-publishing software worthy of the name. So far so good.
You can highlight and edit text within a frame with the usual cut, copy, and paste commands, change the style to bold, italics, or underlined, or alter the type face and size. Shakespeare displays both Amiga fonts and those following the ColorFonts standard, which can use up to 16 colors. All fonts display very legibly, but the typographic controls available are virtually nil. There’s no hyphenation, for example, so justified text often contains unsightly gaps between words. You can change interline spacing, but Shakespeare measures in screen pixels instead of the more accurate typographical measure of points.
The program’s support for PostScript printers is less than thorough, although version 1.1 promises to address such limitations. You’re stuck with Amiga screen fonts for now, which are monospaced in contrast to proportionally-spaced laser- printer fonts, (Infinity says that a separate five-disk set of fonts is forthcoming.) Shakespeare thus can’t use PostScript font-width tables, and is forced to guess how to display text on the page and in your documents. Typographic niceties like kerning accordingly go out the window. On a brighter note, you can save your document as a pure PostScript file and have it printed by a laser service. This might be the route to go if you use Shakespeare mostly for color printing
Continued on p. 64
Circle 18 on Reader Service card.
BASIC By The Numbers
If you think event trapping has something to do with little furry animals, read on as we examine menus and events.
By Bob Ryan
Can I Take Your Order?
FIRST POPULARIZED ON the Apple Macintosh, pull down menus provide an easy way for people to interact with and control computer programs. Your Amiga provides support for menus through the Intuition library, which is used by most commercial C and assembly-language programs. Amiga Basic’s MENU commands and functions use these same Intuition functions, giving you the ability to write programs that rival commercial packages in their ease of use.
Before you use a menu in Amiga Basic, you have to define it. This is the purpose of the MENU statement, which has the syntax:
MENU menu-id, Item-id, state, title
Menu id identifies the menu. The first menu on the menu bar is numbered 1. Item-id refers to the items within the menu. Item 0 is the name of the menu; subsequent items are options you can
choose when you access the menu. I he state is a number from 0
through 2. A menu item with stale zero is disabled you cannot access that item. If the item disabled is item 0, the entire menu is disabled. Items with state 1 are accessible by the user, items with state 2 are also accessible, and appear with a check mark to the left of their title. You must leave a couple of spaces to the
left of vour title if you use state 2 items. Note that you cannot
use state 2 with menu items numbered 0. Here is a short program that defines two menus. Try it out.
MENU 1,0,1,“My First Menu"
MENU 1,1,1,"Item 1 of my first menu"
MENU 1,2,0,"Item 2, and it's disabled"
MENU 1,3,2," Item 3, with a check mark"
MENU 2,0,0,"My Second Menu"
MENU 2,1,2," Everything is disabled"
GOTO Loop END
This program doesn’t do anything but create two new menus on your output window. Use your mouse to look at the menus. Active menus are complemented when you move the mouse over them; disabled menus are hashed out. Note also that although you have overwritten the first two default menus on the output window, the last two are still displayed and still active. You can use Stop from the Run Menu to stop the program. You can restore the default menus completely by entering MENU RESET into the output window.
In addition to demonstrating menus, this program points up some of the idiosyncrasies of Amiga Basic menus. These menus arc not tied to any window or screen. If your program opens multiple windows and screens, you will get the same menus no matter what window is current or active. Also note that you must overwrite a preexisting menu in order to get rid of it.
Many times, you will define dummy menus with null strings ("”) for titles in order to overwrite the default menus.
One final caution: You will get some very strange effects if you don’t watch the width of your menus. You may find voui menus wrapping around the screen if you make them wide or use them on a 320-pixel-wide custom screen.
item or clicked the mouse button. The Amiga system checks these things for you and reports them when they occur. Your program can then handle the event perform some action based upon a menu selection, for example before returning to normal processing. As you learn more Amiga Basic, you will find yourself writing programs that do nothing but wait for events and then respond to these events as they occur. ?
DEFINING MENUS IS nice, but you need more information to actually use them. The Amiga Basic manual gives two methods for getting input from menus: polling and event trapping. I'm going to ignore polling, as should you. The proper way to pro* gram the Amiga In any language is to use event trapping.
Event trapping is a very important concept. Using it, your programs do not have to constantly check to see if the user has selected a menu
A Stroke of Graphic Genius,
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After two years of incredible graphics programs on the Commodore-Amiga, is there room for improvement? You bet there is! Just take a look at Express Paint Version 2.0. It adds a whole new dimension to professional graphics tools.
64-Color Extra Half Brite Mode
What's so special? Take brushes, the artist’s primary tool Express Paint lets you use any image as a brush, even if it’s as large as the screen! You can replace colors in brushes and even use more than one brush at a time, without wasting time with disk accesses.
Explore special effect tools such as rotating, distorting, stretching and mirroring. Create double arc curves, loops, half circles, arrowheads and unique line patterns. Use spray tools for color ranging, smearing, blending and masking. Add the power of multiple image locking, giving you almost unlimited ‘‘undos” for
anywhere. Then touch it up with justification or styling. You can even flow the text into an image of any shape!
Of course, it wouldn’t be a masterpiece if it couldn’t be printed. When it comes to output, Express Paint really shines. Not only does it support all the major dotmatrix and color printers including high- resolution 24-pin devices, but now Express Paint supports PostScript for laser printing!
Text Processing with PostScript™
Most other graphics programs stop when it comes to text processing. Not here. Express Paint lets you import text from your favorite word processor, select any font, even Colorfonts™ and place it
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Features Found Nowhere Else
Top it off with some of these unique features: prints any image up to six times normal size for super posters, prints all or selected parts of an image, uses an oversized paint canvas for video production, provides 64 color Extra Half Brite mode, and supports PAL NTSC video standards plus overscan.
To do your best, you need the best tools available. Look to see if you can find these tools anywhere else. Even Deluxe- Paint™ leaves you empty-handed.
Deluxe Paint II
Reduce enlarge print
Vertical page size (pixels)
Horizontal page size (pixels)
Extra Half Brite Mode
Multiple active brushes
Arrowheads on lines
Numerous line patterns
Order today and find out why more people think Express Paint is the graphics program of choice.
changes. In no time, you could easily find yourself creating stunning 64 color masterpieces like the one above.
Circle 164 on Reader Service card.
Express Paint Version 2.0
Professional Automation Resources, Inc.
P. O. Box 1089, Vancouver. Washington 98666 |
See your local dealer or call:
1-800-451-0900 1-408-395-3838 (in California)
16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210, Los Gatos, CA 95030
Commodore-Amiga is a trademark .f Commodurf-AmiRa. Inc. Colnrfi.nts is a trademark «»f Inirr Adlvc Softworfcs DduxePaint is a trademark of Electronic Arts. PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems. Inc
GREAT VALLEY PRODUCTS INC.
PO BOX 391, MALVERN, PA 19355 _215-889-9411
The IMPACT Peripherals People
High Performance AMIGA Peripherals
IMPACT A2000-SCSI RAM DMA Controller
The first MULTI-FUNCTION Expansion Adapter for the Amiga'3
A2000. Provides a high-performance SCSI hard disk controller
as well as a 1MB RAM expansion.
• Combines ANSI X3T9.2 compatible SCSI controller and I MB FAST RAM on a single expansion board.
• AUTOBOOT feature. With the VI.3 Kickstart and this feature, floppies will no longer be required to boot the A2000.
• Fully AutoConfigures both the SCSI Hard Disk Controller and the 1MB FAST RAM.
• SCSI transfer rates up to 4 MB SEC synchronous.
• Up to I'm byte of zero wait-state FAST RAM.
• External and internal SCSI connectors.
IMPACT AutoBoot A500-HD RAM Controller
Provides a combination 20MB hard disk and memory expansion
add-on subsystem for the Amiga A500.
• Combines ANSI X3T9.2 compatible SCSI controller, 3.5" hard disk drive and up to 2 MB FAST RAM expansion for the A5Q0, in a single compact, snap-on unit.
• Uses its own power supply.
• AUTOBOOT feature. With the VI.3 Kickstart and this feature, floppies will no longer be required to boot the A50U.
• Fully AutoConfigures both the SCSI Hard Disk Controller and the (optional) FAST RAM.
• 20MB, 3.5" Hard Disk Drive mounted internally.
• External SCSI connector.
For MORE INFORMATION and for your NEAREST CVP DEALER, Call today.
_ 1-800-426-8957! *3©
TO DEMONSTRATE HOW menus and event trapping works, I’ve written a short program called Sentence Maker. The program sets up five menus and then waits in a WHILE. . .WEND loop for
vou to choose items from the
menus. When you select a menu, the program branches to the corresponding subroutine, performs the activity specified by the menu selection, and returns to the wait loop. Try the program yourself.
REM Sentence Maker MENU 1,0,1,“Articles"
MENU 2,3,1 ,“ball“
ON MENU GOSUB checkmenu MENU ON
x = 1:WHILE x= 1:WEND MENU RESET END
Z = MENU(0)
ON Z GOSUB M1, M2, M3, M4, M5 RETURN
IF MENU(1) = 1 THEN PRINT “the ELSE PRINT “a END IF RETURN
IF MENU(1) = 1 THEN PRINT “boy ELSEIF MENU 1) = 2 THEN PRINT “dog ELSE PRINT “ball ”;
END IF RETURN
IF MENU(1) = 1 THEN PRINT “chased ELSE PRINT “hit END IF RETURN
IF MENU(1) = 1 THEN x= 0 RETURN
The first part of the program sets up the five menus. Notice that the zero item of any menu is the name that appears in the menu bar. The other items are the contents of the menu. Once the menus arc set up, the program indicates the name of the routine that will handle menu events with the ON MENU GOSUB statement, turns on menu event trapping with the MENU ON statement, and then settles into a seemingly infinite WHILE. . .WEND loop, waiting for some input.
You supply the input by choosing items from the menus. This program takes die words and punctuation you select from the menu and strings them together into sentences. When vou select a
menu item, the program jumps from the WHILE. . .WENl) loop to the checkmenu routine specified by the ON MENU GOSUB
DEALERS Circle 145 on Reader Service card. CONSUMERS Circle 62 on Reader Service card
I G A M E S |
statement. Here, the program uses the MENU(O) function to see which menu was chosen. It uses a standard ON GOSUB statement to branch to the correct menu-handling routine.
Once in the proper menu- handling routine, the program uses the MENU(l) function to discover which item from the menu was selected. It then takes the appropriate action in this case, printing the proper word or character on the screen. Notice that when the period is selected, the PRINT statement issues a backspace before printing the character and a carriage return afterwards. All the menu routines return to the checkinenu routine, which returns control to the
ONE PROBLEM WITH my Sentence Maker is the fact that the program spends a lot of Its time doing nothing. Most of the processing in the program consists of running through the empty WHILE. . .WEND loop. This ties up system resources a high crime (or at least a misdemeanor) on the Amiga. Amiga Basic does provide a statement, SLEEP, that shuts down a program until a trappable event occurs, I had no problems using SLEEP in my WHILE. . .WEND loop until I wanted to quit the program. Then, SLEEP required an extra event another menu selection or a mouse click in order to reactivate and exit the program. Because I do not want the user to have to enter extra events, I dispensed with the SLEEP statement.
.4 NUMBER OF readers have pointed out a mistake I made in the March '88 installment (see ”Basic By The Numbers," p. 17, in the March '88 issue of Amiga' World). In Number 16, I use an array called name$ . This doesn't work. Because NAME is an Amiga Basic command, you cannot use it
as a variable name. As never use
WHILE. . .WEND loop.
The WHILE. . .WEND loop will not end (and consequently the program will not end) while the value of x is 1. The only place this value changes is in the M5 routine. If item 1 (Quit) is selected from menu 5, the value of x is changed to
0. This causes the program to exit the WHILE. . .WEND loop when the program returns from the checkmenu routine. Once out of the loop, the program resets the default Amiga Basic menus with MENU RESET and ends.
A Game of strategic defense and Inter-stellar Combat.
Your world has survived for millions of years, but time is running out. Resources are being depleted, invading marauders are a constant danger and your subjects are getting restless. As emperor of your world you must build up and deploy your fleet of starships to stabilize your kingdom and conquer the galaxy, planet by planet, to establish peace before opposing forces destroy your empire.
This program demonslates the basics of menu handling and event trapping. In future issues, as programs become more complex, we’ll be using event trapping more and more frequently.
YOUR OWN WHEEL OF FORTUNE...
Spin for “big bucks”. Complete the missing letters. Guess the hidden phrase. Win, lose, go for broke, Sound familiar? It isf If you like watching TV’s most popular game show, “Wheel of Fortune™”, you’ll love playing WORDPLEX.
Up to six players wiU be captivated by this test of knowledge and daring. With over 800 phrases included, another 1000 phrases available, and the capability to add your own phrases, WORDPLEX will provide hours of entertainment for family or friends.
HOW TO ORDER; STELLAR CONFLICT,
139-95; WORDPLEX, 139-95. Visit your soft- wire dealer or dll 1-800-4$ 1-0900 (1-408-395-3838 in CA) for direct credit card orders (VISA, MasterCard, Amei). To order by mail send check, money order or credit card information to Brown-Wagh Publishing, 16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210, Los Catos, California 95030. Californians add 7% sales tax. Add 13*50 for delivery.
Developed by PAR Software
Wheel of Fortune la a trademark of Merv Griffin Enterprises, Inc.
the NAME command, I didn't know this. I do now. Thanks to those of you who set me straight.
Next time, I'll take a look at the .4miga Bosic's object-animotion commands. Until then, direct your questions and comments (and corrections) to Basic By The Numbers, AmigaWorld, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. ¦
Circle 166 on Reader Service Card
Amiga Makes It Possible.
Studio quality video production on a desktop. The Amiga makes it possible. The SuperGen Genlock makes it happen!
Video Professionals understand the power the Amiga Computer brings to the industry and the potential it has for enhancing their work. With its revolutionary hi-resolution graphics and processing power, the Amiga represents a sophisticated video production solution.
The SuperGen Genlock and overlay device is the link between the Amiga's video potential and your own- video productions. SuperGen allows you to create and produce professional broadcast quality video with special effect graphics and titles created on your Amiga.
Some SuperGen™ features:
True Broadcast quality video output.
Real RS-170A. No its, ands or buts! Accurately locks to non-time base corrected signals such as VCR output. Very accurate RGB encoder for true Amiga graphic colors.
Two independent fade controls.
For external video through background and external video through graphics. Slider or software controllable.
Selectable Auto-Fade mode.
Amiga graphics black level fade.
The black level of the Amiga graphics determine the fade level.
Switchable 3.58Mhz Notch filter.
Helps eliminate chroma artifacts.
Internal or external.
A500, 1000, and 2000 compatable.
SuperGen™ $ 749.95
Professional Genlock by Progressive Image Technology
SuperGen Mokes it Happen!
Actual un-retouched photographs of composite video screens The flower is live video, the Butterfly is created on the Amiga. SuperGen is overlaying the Butterfly onto the flower.
The top sequence shows Amiga graphics fading in.
The bottom sequence shows the Amiga background lading in.
To order or for more
information Call: TjzJzGj:
j j-j _j i _
(916) 344-4825 jjjjjjZ
1333 Howe Ave.
Suite 208 JJJJJ
Sacramento, CA 95825
Circle 28 on Reader Service card.
IDEALLY, YOU WOULD like to buy a printer that produces beautiful color graphics and typeset-quality text. Ideally, you’d have the cash to buy such a printer. But this isn’t an ideal world, so buying a printer involves making a series of compromises that would impress Henry Clay. Do you want easy control or advanced capabilities? Is speed more important than quality? Do your printing needs lean towards graphics or text? Dot-matrix or daisy wheel or inkjet or laser?
We won’t be able to answer all those questions in a single article, so we will limit the comparative reviews that form the major emphasis of this feature to high- quality but generally affordable black-and-white printers that can handle fairly sophisticated text and graphics needs. This will narrow the focus down to 24-pin dot-matrix and laser printers. By way of introduction, however, we will look at these two in relation to other printer technologies to help you understand the wide variety of printer capabilities and make the right choice for your printing needs. ?
BY LINDA BARRETT, BOB RYAN, AND LOUIS WALLACE
WITH PRICES FALLING IN THE
WHITE PRINTER MARKET,
SOME 24-PIN DOT-MATRIX AND
LASER MODELS ARE NOW
WITHIN AFFORDABLE REACH
FOR MANY AMIGA USERS.
PHOTOGRAPHED BY PAUL AVIS I STYLED BYJANE SUTTON
Printers are classified by how they form text and graphics on the page. On the low end are nine*pin impact dot-matrix printers. Best exemplified by the Epson MX series, these printers have a column of nine pins that strike the ribbon against the paper, forming different characters or images depending upon which pins strike. Nine-pin dot-matrix printers are popular because they are cheap, fast, dependable, and can print graphics. For home use, you can get by with a nine-pin dot-matrix printer, although you should be aware that reading nine-pin generated text has been shown to cause blindness in laboratory mice.
Offering improved speed and output over the nine-pins, 24-pin dot-matrix printers have two rows of 12 pins each. As one row is slightly offset from the other, the printer in effect has 24 vertical pins to form text and graphics. More pins means better quality and more speed in draft mode. With retail prices of some 24-pin dot-matrix printers dropping below $ 500. The days of nine-pin printers are surely numbered. Software developers who spend hours pouring over listings in search of elusive bugs will appreciate the speed and quality of the 24-pin printers.
If you need letter-quality output and do not mind waiting, daisywheel printers have fully-formed characters arrayed at the end of spokes on a wheel. The wheel rotates the proper character into position where a hammer pounds it into the ribbon, similar to many popular typewriters. Daisy wheels, also called letter-quality printers, were once the top of the line printers, but they have generally been supplanted by faster lasers and 24-pin dot-matrix printers.
The Heat Is On
Thermal-transfer printers and ink-jet printers form characters and images from dots, but they differ from impact dot-matrix printers in that they do not have pins that strike a ribbon. Thermal-transfer printers, such as the Okimate 20, arc similar to nine-pin dot-matrix printers, but instead of striking the ribbon, the heated pins push the ribbon close to the paper. Physics does the rest in transferring
WITH VERSION 1.3, Commodore gave Workbench a tuneup and many of the Improvements are under the hood In Preferences. The software mechanics exterminated several bugs, turbo-charged the printer drivers, and rebuilt the Graphics 2 screen.
Depending on the printer and the type of graphic dump involved, you can expect speed increases of three to 20 times faster than 1.2 drivers. Output speed should now be limited only by the printer and not the Amiga. The new Printer Device can support screen sizes up to 2048x2048 pixels with up to 12 bit planes, well beyond the Amiga's display capabilities. Perhaps this is an indication of things to come.
For those interested in accuracy over speed, the Graphics 2 screen contains a number of gadgets that let you customize graphic dumps. The Left Offset and Center toggles align the image on the page, while the effect of the Density gadget's seven buttons is dependent on your printer. Some printers, such as the Canon PJ-1080A, have only one setting, In this case 83 dots per Inch (dpi). For common nine-pin dot-matrix printers, button one selects 120 dpi while button two selects 240 dpi. Four buttons are active with the 24-pln Epson compatibles, setting the dots per inch to 90, 120, 180, and 360. In all cases, the vertical pin spacing of the printer limits the vertical density. You can cheat the system for Epson and IBM graphics compatibles and set them to vertically overlap by Vh of a dot on successive printhead passes. On the first Preferences printer screen, set the Paper Type gadget to Single as opposed to Fanfold.
No longer are you locked into an Ordered Dithering pattern for gray scale or color printing. Besides the version 1.2 standby, you can choose Halftone Dithering, which creates an effect similar to that used for newsprint graphics, or Floyd-Steinberg (F-S) Dithering, which generates a random appearance especially suited for fleshtones in digitized images. The new dithering techniques work best with high- resolution printers. Turning on Antialiasing minimizes the staircasing effect of square pixels on a diagonal line, but decreases printing speed by a factor of two.
For color printing, the balance of the printer inks makes it impossible to reproduce accurately all 4096 onscreen colors with Ordered Dithering. Most coior printers will get the reds and greens right at the expense of the blues. The Color Correct gadget lets you adjust the dithering patterns for the ink colors. You must, however, trade off the number of colors that can be rendered uniquely for accurate hues.
When all three of the correction buttons are turned on, the software can generate only 3172 unique colors.
To control the size and aspect of graphic dumps, you can still use the old system, based on the margin settings in the first printer screen. Choose the Fraction gadget under Scaling and the Ignore gadget under Limits. Choosing the Integer gadget under Scaling Insures that every screen pixel will have an even number of dots when printed.
The melted ribbon to the paper.
Ink-jet printers (Xerox 4020, Hewlett-Packard PaintJet, Canon PJ-1080A) form images by spraying dots of ink onto paper. The forte of ink jets, however, is color printing. While color dot-matrix printers tend to produce streaky, washed-out graphics, the graphics output from color ink-jet printers is usually excellent. Although inkjet printers are fast, quiet, and produce quality output, they are expensive and have greater maintenance requirements.
At the top of the line in printer technology are the laser printers, which resemble photocopying machines in operation as well as looks. A laser beam inside the printer changes the charge on a drum, which causes the drum to attract toner to the areas the laser strikes. The toner is then transferred from the drum and bonded to paper. Lasers offer a superior combination of speed, quality, versatility, quiet operation, and high-density graphics. Of course, you pay for what you get.
The interpretation of the values entered into the Width Limit and Height Limit requesters depends on the Limits gadget you select.
Bounded sets a maximum size for the printout as per the number of inches in the requesters, but the actual size of the graphic dump may be smaller than what has been entered. The Absolute gadget takes the values In the requesters as the actual size of the graphic dump in inches. Pixels interprets the values as the absolute size of the graphic dump in printer pixels. The Multiply gadget uses the values to control the number of pixels to be printed for every screen pixel. Refer to the accompanying sidebar, "Dots Enough", for a specific example of how you can use these settings to get the best printed image possible.
Lasers come in two major styles: Hewlett-Packard (HP)-compat- ibles and Postscript machines. Hewlett-Packard produced the first desktop lasers and continues to dominate the market. The HP LaserJet and compatibles couple multiple fonts and styles with excellent graphics and text quality. In effect, they are super letter-quality printers. Given their versatility and prices starting around $ 1500, they have just about killed the high-end daisywheel market.
PostScript lasers such as the Apple LaserWriter IINT are actually low-end typesetting machines. PostScript, a page-description language, lets you control all the elements of a printed page. With PostScript, you can scale your fonts to just about any size, incorporate rules and boxes into the page, and mix text and graphics easily on the same page. Although PostScript is notoriously slow printing bitmapped graphics, PostScript printers arc far more versatile, powerful, and expensive than non-PostScript lasers.
Unlike odier lasers, PostScript printers are normally controlled directly from an application program; you can’t access the power of PostScript from an ordinary' Workbench printer driver. Because they are software controlled, you cannot do better than a PostScript-compatible laser for desktop publishing. You also will he hard-pressed to find a more expensive printer. HP-compatible printers are cheaper, but they don’t give you the same control over the printed page.
Down to Cases
Once you know’ the type of printer you want, you’ll still have scores of models to choose from. Be sure you select a primer that works with one of the Amiga Workbench printer drivers. Your printer should either be listed in Preferences or emulate a printer that is listed in Preferences. For PostScript lasers, be sure your desktop- publishing software supports the page-description language.
Nowt that you know the proper questions to ask, you need some answers. In the past, AmigaWorld has published a round-up of color printers (see “Graphic Hardcopy and the Amiga,” p. 36, in the March April ’87 issue of AmigaWorld) and reviews of high-quality color printers (Okimate 20, p. 79, May June ’86; Xerox 4020 Color InkJet, p. 69, September October ’87; HP PaintJet, p. 18, April ’88). This time around, we will focus on the black-and-white scene. In the next two sections, we examine five popular 24-pin dot-matrix printers and four laser printers, respectively. Between the reviews and some informed shopping, you should be ready to join the ranks of those who have something to show for all the long hours spent in front of their Amigas. ?
24-PIN DOTMATRIX PRINTERS
DECIDING WHIC11 PRINTERS to evaluate was no mean task. Prices vary con- siderably, as do speed, features, and durability. In the end, we decided with
the exception of the Okidata Microline 393 to concentrate on popular midrange printers. These models, priced from 5700 to $ 1200, are not a terrible financial burden for home users and are rugged enough to stand up to heavy office use. The five printers we chose to evaluate were the ones we’ve received the most questions about from readers. The information falls into four parts: a short description of each printer, a specifications chart, speed comparison graphs, and examples of graphics output.
WE INCLUDED THE Okidata Microline 393 as a ringer: We wanted to see how the mid-range printers performed in comparision to a high-end 24-pin dotmatrix printer. If you can afford a top- end printer like the 393 or an Epson LQ-2500, buy it.
In the mid-range itself, you cannot beat Epson for supplying quality, performance and features for a reasonable price. Epson sets the standard in more ways than one.
NEC P1NWRITER P6 AND P7
THE NEC PINWRITERS were comparatively sluggish In the speed tests. As far as paper handling Is concerned, the P6 ($ 699) and P7 ($ 995) were not favorites. The Plnwriters are the only printers we looked at that did not come with some sort of built-in tractor-feed
unit, rendering them pretty useless for printing (straight) on contlnuous-form paper. The cheapest optional tractor for the Plnwriters costs $ 80.
Both Plnwriters have excellent front-panel control over mode, font, and pitch, although the control setup Is a little weird. The front panel sports only four buttons. You use one of them to scroll through the print options, which are displayed on an LED in front of the platen.
The Plnwriters offer good quality printing, but are stingy on the extras. Be prepared to pay more for decent paper handling.
EPSON LQ-850 AND LQ-1050
THE EPSON LQ series set9 the standard for 24-pln dot-matrix printers the software standard, that is. All the 24-pin dot-matrix printers we tested are either Epson LQ compatible or offered LQ emulation as an option. As always, Epson printers set a standard of features that other manufacturers fee! Obliged to meet or surpass In order to compete. We looked at the 10-Inch wide Epson LQ-850 ($ 849) and the 15-Inch LQ-1G50 ($ 1199).
We timed the Epson LQ-850 at 122 characters per second (cps) in 10 characters-per- Inch (cpI) draft mode and at 64 cps In 12-cpl letter-quallty mode. That put It second In
text speed to the more expensive Okidata Mlcrollne 393. The Epson matched the Okidata In graphics speed.
You can control the Epson directly through a combination of DIP switches and Iront panel buttons. The DIP switches control things you should have to set only once; the front panel controls things you will vary more often, such as font and pitch. We like this combination better than other arrangements that eliminate DIP switches entirely. Too many front panel controls can be confusing, rather then convenient. The only complaint we have about the Epson front panel Is that it doesn't let you reset the top of form. You still have to turn the printer off and on again to reset top of form.
Epson offers a nice paper-handling feature. Like many other printers, the Epson offers an auto-feed feature; unlike most others, however, It also offers auto eject. When you are using contlnuous-form paper, you can simply hit the eject button to back the form paper out of the way of the slngle- sheet feed. When you’re through using single-sheet paper, a touch of a button reloads the continuous form paper, a real time saver.
0K1DATA MICROLINE 393
AT S1399 LIST and 37 pounds, the 15-inch Okidata Microline 393 is a certified heavy
execute them at any time. If you need such extensive front-panel control, you will love the Okidata Microllne 393.
AT S949, THE Panasonic KX-P1524 has the cheapest list price of any wide-carriage a wlde-carriage printer. If you can get by with a narrow carriage, you will find better quality for less.
STAR NB24-10 AND NB24-15
STAR-MICRONICS has been making less-expensive Epson compatibles about as long as
weight, (Okldata promises a 10-inch model soon.) As far as performance was concerned, the 393 was the best printer we tested, producing draft-quality text at 153 cps and letter quality at 91 cps. Because we used the Okidata 393 with the Epson personality module installed, we were not able to take advantage of some 393-specific features such as triple-height and triple-width printing. The printer worked perfectly, however, with the EpsonQ driver.
The 393 front panel is more extensive than Epson’s. We greatly appreciated being able to set top of form with the touch of a button. The controls for setting mode, font, and pitch are also clear and simple to use. The Okidata lets you control many other printer functions from the front panel. Some, such as emphasized or enhanced mode, are normally accessible only from software. Others, such as changing the characteristics of the serial interface, are normally set with DJP switches. You can even program four command macros from the front panel and printer we looked at. In some respects, its price is reflected in its performance. At 98 cps for draft and 43 for fetter quality, it was not a stellar performer In our AmlgaDOS text file speed printing test. The Panasonic also took twice as long as the Epson and Okidata printers to produce a graphic image.
On the plus side, the KX-P1524 is the least expensive widebody. It gives you a lot of printer controls on the front panel, as well as providing DIP switches for seldom- accessed features. One of the front-panel switches lets you set the paper's form length.
Like the Epson Lqs, the KX-P1524 offers a very convenient way to switch between contlnuous-form and single-sheet paper. Hit a button, and the tractor feed retracts the contlnuous-form paper, letting you use the friction feed for single-sheet paper. The next time you want contlnuous-form paper, tug the paper bail to reload it from the tractor.
The KX-P1524 Is a good deal If you need
Epson has been making printers. The NB24- 10 (S749) and NB24-15 ($ 999) are no exception. Both printers offer good text quality (a definite improvement over Star’s old Gemini 10s) and reasonable speed. Only the graphics output is not up to snuff. Although the speed is decent, the quality was not quite as high as with the other printers.
In our opinion, the NB24s have the best front-panel control. While not as high-tech looking as the NECs’, it has everything we want in a front panel including a two-button combination to set top of form. One feature of particular interest to Amiga owners is the ability to block software commands. Since most Amiga software resets the printer to default mode belore sending other codes and data, this control-lock feature lets you preset print functions that are not supported by your software.
If you don’t need very high-quality graphics output, the NB24s are a good choice. The front panel controls make them especially attractive. ?
PRINTER SPECIFICATIONS: 24-PIN DOT
Type Attributes Styles
Line Spacing Buffer Size Typefaces
Preferences Driver Interface
Centronics parallel, Centronics parallel RS-232 serial
Fabric cartridge Fabric cartridge Fabric cartridge Fabric cassette Fabric cartridge
Epson America Inc. 2780 Lomlta Blvd. Torrance, CA 90505 800 421-5426 213 539-9140
Tractor, friction; options: cut-sheet feeder, pull tractor
Emphasized, doublestrike, italics, super subscript, double width, condensed, double height
10, 12, 15, proportional
!4, %, n 60, n 180
Roman, draft, Sans Serif, 13 int, char, sets, downloading supported; optional: Courier, Prestige, script, OCR-B
NEC Plnwriter P7
NEC Information Systems Inc.
1414 Massachusetts Ave. Boxborough, MA 01719 800 343-4418 617 264-8635
22. 4x13.1 x 4.9 in.
25. 4 lbs.
$ 995 ($ 1075 with serial port) $ 1399
Friction; options: uni bidirectional tractor, cut-sheet feeder
Doublestrike, italics, bold, underline, super subscript, triple double width, double height, condensed
10, 12, 15, 17, 20, proportional
%» %, n 60,
n 180, n 360
Gothic, Courier, 12 int. Char, sets, user-defined character sets; optional: Prestige, Super Focus, bold italic
Okldata Microline 393
532 Fellowship Rd. Mount Laurel, NJ 08054 609 235-2600
22. 4x16.4x7.1 in.
Tractor, friction; options: bottom-feed tractor, cut- sheet feeder
Emphasized, doublestrike, italics, underline, super subscript, triple double width, triple double height, compressed
10, 12, 15, 17,1, 18, 20
K, %, n 60, n 180, n 360
30K, 32K optional
Courier, 14 int. Char, sets, up to 2 downloadable fonts; optional: Prestige, Letter Gothic
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Panasonic Industrial Co. 2 Panasonic Way Secaucus, NJ 07094 800 PIC-8086 201 348-7000
34. 8 lbs.
Tractor, friction; options: bottom-feed tractor, auto-sheet feeder
Emphasized, doublestrike, italics, underline, super subscript, compressed, elongated
10, 12, 15, 17, proportional
!4, *4, n 60, n 180
13. 5K, optional expansion to 45.5K
Courier, downloading supported, 8 int. Char, sets; optional cards: Roman, Prestige, Gothic, Sans Serif, Orator, Script, bold proportional spacing
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Star NB 24-10
Star Micronlcs America Inc.
200 Park Ave. 3510 New York, NY 10166 212 986-6770
15. 7x 14x4.3 in.
28. 2 lbs.
Tractor, friction; options: auto-sheet feeder
Emphasized, italic, underline, overline, bold, super subscript, semi-condensed, condensed, expanded
10, 12, 15, 17, 20, proportional
%t n 60, n 180
8K, optional expansion cartridge
Prestige, 13 int. Char, sets, downloading supported; optional cartridges: Gothic, Orator
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Sfc rafti .1*
- *v '• Spr 1 •&
. IWdiiWsHm : ifefc
: • ;- ‘S&rViHb
m W '-:V-;?¦ ’ Wip-. :¦ 96? Z Ksam .1
Epson LQ NEC P6 P7 Okidata Panasonic Star NB24
Epson LQ NEC P6 P7
Figure 2. 24-Pin Dot-Matrix Text Speed Test. We created a 10,050- character text file to test the speed of these printers. We set the proper mode and pitch from the front panels of the printers (10 cpi draft and 12 cpi letter-quality) and outputted the test file with the AmlgaDOS TYPE command. The results are not absolutes other software arrangements will yield other results but rather as a basis to compare the relative speeds of the printers.
Figure 3. 24-Pln Dot-Matrix Graphics Speed Test. AmigaWorld staffer Roger Goode supplied the 640 x 200 graphic for the speed test. We dumped It using the Workbench 1.3 GraphlcDump program, with Preferences density set to 1. Once again, note that the speeds are relative. Other software and other pictures will yield different results.
HEWLETT-PACKARD LASERJET SERIES II
THE FOUR PRINTERS under review here cannot, strictly speaking, be compared equally because one of them the QMS-PS 810 supports PostScript output as well as the Hewlett-Packard- emulation mode. Of course, you pay for what you get; the PS 810 costs about S5500, while the others are priced in the S2000-S2600 range. More expensive as a whole than the 24-pin dotmatrix printers reviewed in the previous section, the lasers provide supe-
WITH LASER PRINTERS, as with just about anything else, you get what you pay for. Unlike the situation with the 24-pin dot-matrix printers, we did not find a laser printer that, like the Epson LQ. Offered a serious p rice per fro 111- ance advantage over its rivals. For instance, all the lasers we tested printed four pages of Amiga text in about the same amount of time (about a minute and a half). Generally, the more a laser costs, the more features ii has.
The consequence of this straightforward relationship is that buying a laser is relatively simple: You buy the laser that suits your needs. If excellent quality text is all you seek in a laser, buy the rior printed output in a page-oriented fashion offering multiple fonts and styles and excellent graphics and text quality.
The information here is comprised of short descriptions of each printer, a specifications chart, a graphics-speed comparison graph, and examples of graphics output. We found that text speeds for all four models were basically equal approximately 2.6 pages per minute.
Laserline 6. If you want quality text plus full-page graphics, get the Ricoh. For full-page graphics plus more fonts and options than you ever thought possible, get the HP LaserJet. Finally, if you want the utmost control over the printed page and you have PostScript-compatible software, you need something like the Laser Connections QMS-PS 810.
Lasers have become much easier to maintain and use since HP introduced the original LaserJet. Toner cartridges are effortless to install and replace; paper feeds hardly ever jam. If you have the money, don’t hesitate to get a laser over an expensive 24-pin dot-matrix printer. The eardrums you save may be your own.
THE HEWLETT-PACKARD LaserJet Series II ($ 2595) sets the standard for non-PostScript laser printers. The printer comes with 512K of RAM, but can be expanded by one, two, or four megabytes. The LaserJet driver in Workbench 1.3 gives you full
control over output density, from 75 dpi to 300 dpi.
The output speed of the HP LaserJet is even more impressive, with a 320x200 five- bitplane image printing in under 20 seconds. Text rolls off the drum at 2.6 pages per minute.
You receive only one set of fonts Courier although the two front slots allow for easy installation of the optional cartridge fonts. To save money, you can download additional fonts from your Amiga.
The front control panel has membrane- style buttons and a one-line LCD display for control information and error messages.
From the control panel, you can select the font type, font source, page length, and the number of copies to print. On the rear of the printer are the parallel, serial, and optional I O interfaces.
We found the HP very easy to use and compatible with nearly all Amiga software. If you do not need PostScript support, the HP LaserJet is hard to beat.
AS YOU WOULD expect from the lowest- priced laser tested, the Laserline 6 ($ 2145) does not have all the features of higher- priced models. Don’t let that turn you off, however; the Laserline 6 is a great way to break into laser printing, especially when you purchase its optional HP LaserJet-emu- lation module and consider that you can use
IF YOU LIKE having plenty of choices, you will like the QMS-PS 810 ($ 5495). A multipurpose laser printer, the PS 810 supports HP- emulation mode as well as PostScript output. In addition, it can emulate a Diablo printer and a Hewlett-Packard GL Plotter. For interfaces, you can choose from parallel, serial, and Appletalk 9 pin.
Alternating among modes and interfaces,
For PostScript, the printer functioned as expected, with very impressive results. The QMS-PS 810 proves you can have your PostScript and HP too.
RICOH PC LASER 6000
DON’T LET THE name fool you the PC Laser 6000 ($ 2495) will work just fine with
all HP LaserJet font cartridges with ft.
Like all lasers, the Laserline 6 offers near- typeset text and graphics. In its base configuration, however, the Laserline does not have enough memory to print a complete Amiga screen at its best output density. In fact, its memory is not sufficient to output a full screen at the second-best density, cropping one-half inch off the bottom of the image. You can expand the memory of the Laserline 6 to 512K, allowing you to print an Amiga screen at 300 dots per Inch, but even this extra RAM will not let you print an entire page of graphics.
Another shortcoming of the Laserline 6 is its front panel. You cannot control manually such print variables as font and density. Everything is under software control.
Despite its shortcomings, we like the Laserline 6. Its text and graphics output are superb. If you don’t need a laser printer to output a full page of high-density, the Laser- line 6 is a great value.
However, is inconvenient at best. The pushbutton switch is located in the lower back of the printer, an annoying position for the most important control on the printer. You must either set up the printer so you can access the rear, or move the 42-pound machine whenever you want to change modes.
The brains of the QMS 810, the fonts and printer emulations, are In the personality module, a small circuit board that installs internally. With the manual’s straightforward instructions, installation is fairly simple. Adding extra memory is as simple as a trip to your local dealer. The PS 810 comes with two megabytes of RAM, but a registered dealer can install a third internally.
Instead of a control panel, the QMS-PS 810 has four symbols with lights to indicate the current status of the printer. All control information (outside of emulation mode) must be sent to the printer from the Amiga.
Testing it in HP-emulation mode, we found the PS 810 worked as well as the HP LaserJet Series II with all software we tried.
Your Amiga. A step up from the Laserline 6, the PC Laser 6000 contains one megabyte of memory and can output an entire page of Amiga graphics at 300 dpi. Of course, you can only print graphics if you also buy the HP LaserJet-emulation card. In default mode, the PC Laser 6000 emulates the lowly Diablo 630.
The front panel of the PC Laser 6000 is also an improvement over the Laserline. It lets you control manually many more print options, Including font selection. If your software does not let you select fonts, you can use the front panel to use a font other than the default. One catch is that using the front panel Is not as easy as it could be because of cryptic icons and the convoluted menu access.
If you need the ability to print an entire page of graphics, the Ricoh, with its one megabyte of memory and optional 512K cartridge, is a great choice. Although it does not offer all the text options of the HP LaserJet Series II, Its text quality Is excellent. ?
PRINTER SPECIFICATIONS: LASERS
Hewlett-Packard LaserJet Series 11
Laser Connection GMS-PS 810
Okidata Laserline 6
Ricoh PC Laser 6000
Hewlett-Packard 19310 Pruneridge Ave. Cupertino, CA 95014 800 367-4772
The Laser Connection PO Box 850296 Mobile, AL 36685 205 633-7223
532 Fellowship Rd. Mount Laurel, NJ 08054 800 654-3282 609 235-2600
Peripheral Products Division 3001 Orchard Parkway San Jose, CA 95134 408 432-8800
16. 1 x 16.5x9 in.
16. 1 x16.5x8.1 in.
41. 9 lbs.
37. 8 lbs.
37. 5 lbs.
Bold, compressed, underline
Bold, italic, underline
Bold, Italic, compressed, underline
Bold, underline, compressed
8, 10, 12
10, 12, 15, font defined
Lines Per Inch
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48
3, 6, 8, font defined
512K, optional expansion modules
2MB, optional expansion modules
113K page, 128K print, optional expansion modules
1MB, optional expansion modules
Courier, Ltneprinler, 19 Int. Char, sets, 23 optional font cartridges
Courier, Times, Helvetica, Helvetica-Narrow, Avant Garde-Book, Avant Garde- Demi, Bookman-Demi, Bookman-Light, New Century Schoolbook, Palatino, Zap! Chancery Medium Italic, Symbol Set, Zapf Dingbats
Courier, Times, Lineprinter, Helvetica, 7 Int. Char, sets, optional fonts, supports downloadable fonts
Century, Courier, Prestige Elite, Letter Gothic, 15 int. Char, sets, optional fonts
Diablo 630, HP LaserJet
Diablo 630 standard, HP LaserJet emulation
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Appletalk, Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
Centronics parallel, RS-232 serial
HP Laser Jet Series II
Laser Connection QMS PS-810
Okidata Laseriine 6
Ricoh PC Laser 6000
Figure 5. Laser Graphics Speed Test. The lasers printed text at nearly Identical speeds, but graphlcs-prlntlng speeds were more varied. We dumped the screen with GraphlcDump using density 1 and density 4 from Preferences. To dump density 4 graphics to the Laseriine 6, we Installed the optional memory module. We did not time a PostScript bitmap dump with the QMS-PS 810 (we didn't have the patience).
AS IN MOST aspects of life, with printing graphics, absolute resolution is not the final word. To wring the most from your printer, you need a thorough understanding of its capabilities and how they relate to the Amiga’s display modes and Preferences.
Most popular nine-pin dot-matrix printers have horizontal resolutions of 60, 120, and 240 dots per inch (dpi). Preferences supports a vertical resolution of 72 dpi based on the pin spacing of the printhead. The Amiga's screen display, without overscan, ranges in size from 320 horizontal by 200 vertical pixels up to 640x400 pixels. At 120 dpi, a nine-pin printer can place 960 dots across an eight-inch page. At 72 dpi, it can print up to 792 dots on an 11-inch sheet. For black-and- white screens, the dot combination is more than adequate to produce a plxel-for-dot dump of any size Amiga screen.
A gray-scale dump uses a four- by-four dot matrix to translate the screen colors into 16 shades of gray. Using this square matrix reduces the printer’s resolution to 30 dpi horizontally and 18 dpi vertically. For an 8 x 11-inch page, the total comes to 240x198 gray-scale pixels, which is insufficient to accurately reproduce even the lowest resolution Amiga screen. Even the 300 dpi resolution of a laser printer is not good enough to generate the
2560 horizontal dots needed to resolve a 640-pixel image as a grayscale dump. Because most images have large areas of uniform color, you can work around the resolution and create an acceptable 8 x 11-inch printout despite the loss of detail.
Color printers have a similar problem representing all 4096 colors of the Amiga's palette with a four- by-four matrix and three ink colors. Under these restrictions, even the 180x180 dpi resolution of the Hewlett-Packard PaintJet printer drops to only 45 dpi. With a basic resolution of 83x83 and a printed line of less than eight inches, the Canon PJ-1080A has a net resolving power of less than 21 dpi. To reproduce every single pixel of the on-screen image, you must increase the size of the printed image. A quick calculation shows that a 640-pixel wide Amiga screen corresponds to a 31- inch wide color page on the Canon PJ-1080A, without any duplication of screen pixels. As a result, the enlarged graphics look fine when viewed from a short distance.
For a perfect printed image, you should match the aspect ratio of the printed image and the original screen image. The ratio of the width to the height of the entire image less the screen borders should be approximately 1.3. The Amiga's printer driver will generate automatically an image with the proper aspect ratio by duplicating some (but not all) of the pixel rows or columns as required. The resulting image sacrifices pixel accuracy to maintain the proper proportions.
With Preferences 1.3 you can specify the vertical and horizontal printer scaling factors to generate the proper proportions and retain pixel accuracy. The formula for calculating the scaling factors is:
H V = Ar x (Pv x Vdpi) + (Ph x Hdpi) H= horizontal scaling factor V= vertical scaling factor Ar= aspect ratio [1.3]
Pv= no. Of vertical screen pixels  Vdpi= printer vertical dpi 
Pb = number of horizontal screen pixels 
Hdpi = printer horizontal dpi 
The bracketed values are for an example using the Canon PJ-1080A and a 640x400 pixel screen image. The ratio of H to V is 0.8125, or approximately 4 to 5. If you use a nine-pin dot-matrix printer with Vdpi equal to 72 and Hdpi equal to 120, then the ratio of H to V is 0.4875, or approximately 1 to 2. For overscan images and non-standard screen formats, you may have to adjust the aspect ratio. In most cases, you will have to use a mural printer, such as HUGEprint or The Big Picture (see p. 40), to print the oversized image. In Preferences’ Graphic 2 screen, set Scaling to Integer, set the Limits to Multiply, and enter the calculated vertical and horizontal scale factors in the Width Limit and Height Limit gadgets.
From here your printing program takes over. Morton Kevelson M
Real Time Video Image Digitizer
Captures 4096 colors in l 30th of a second
ProGEN is a must for Amiga desktop video! Editing studios, artists, television studios, in- house production departments can all use ProGEN with their Amiga 500, 1000 and 2000
• Make your own desktop video productions
• Overlay Amiga Graphics on any video signal
• Transfer images from your Amiga to VCR
Video Image Digitizer for the
Amiga 500, 1000 and 2000
• Grabs images from VCR or home video camera
• Captures color images in 1 30 of a second (1 60 of a second for black & white)
• Supports screen resolutions from 320 x 200 to 640 x 400 Also supports overscan (352 x 240)
Includes image processing software from the creator of PIXmate!
Automatic Time Lapse Animation feature Multiple exposure mode Stores images in IFF format or as raw RGB images Allows you full control of Hue, Color and Saturation with conveniently placed control knobs Just $ 599.95
• Software-Selectable Foreground, Background, Amiga Out and Video In
• Select one of
32 colors as transparent for video effects
• Now available from Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc. or your local dealer
• Meets RS-170A standards
• Just $ 449.95
Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc. • 464 Kalamath St. • Denver, CO 80204 • (303) 825-4144
Amiga 500, 1000 end 2000 are trademarks of Commodore-Amiga, Inc.. PfoCEN, FRAME CRABBER and PIXmate are trademarks of Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc
Circle 159 on Reader Service card
n I I 1 5 i ( - ¦
Were taking a trip to the toolshed (no, not the one where you went for the proverbial “ivhiippmg” back in Grandfather's day). Instead, you11find a handy toolkit of printer utilities there to help you with your special printing jobs.
BY « 0 It T 0 X A.KEVELSO A Y D LOUS R . W A L L A C E
IF YOU’VE BEEN able to get your hands on a copy of the new version 1.3 of the Amiga’s operating system, you were probably impressed with the vastly enhanced printer support it offers. Yet, even with the dramatic increase in custom printer drivers now available to the Amiga, there will always be numerous specialized applications for which the standard equipment just won’t do. That's why the following trip to our toolshed of printer utilities
is a must visit.
Whether your printer is dot matrix or laser, whether you need screen dumps, window printouts, segmented blowups or detailed reductions, sideways-style spreadsheet printouts, high-resolution printed output from a CAD program, or whatever, the utilities outlined
here should help you get the job done.
DOTMATRIX PRINTER UTILITIES
lie ability to print the current contents of your screen is a useful, and often necessary option. Although the Amiga’s multitasking capabilities let you open up as many windows as needed to preserve the output from a variety
of tasks, the actual display is still limited to approximately 2000 text characters at one time. AmigaDOS’ DIR > PRT; command will redirect text output to the printer, as in the case where you wish to send a listing of the current directory to the printer. AmigaDOS, ?
ILLUSTRATED BY DEWS GREBU
however, has no built-in means of getting what is on the screen to the printer once it is on display. This is where screen dumpers come into play.
Screen Dumper Utilities
Your choices run the gamut from a limited utility on your Workbench disk, to public-domain shareware offerings, and finally commercial-quality utility programs. (For a description of two shareware screen dumpers, see the accompanying sidebar “Public Dumping Permitted.”)
The System drawer on your Workbench 1.2 disk contains a screen-dumper utility. To use it, either double click its icon on the Workbench screen or invoke it from the CLI. Once GraphicDump is initiated, you have approximately ten seconds to move things around, such as by clicking on front-to-back gadgets, manipulating the sizing gadgets and drag bars, and so forth, until the screen is organized to your satisfaction. Needless to say, this is not the best way to get a screen dump, but in many situations it can get the job done.
Among the commercial offerings is Discovery Software’s Grabbit. Unlike many screen dumpers, it lurks in the background until activated by the appropriate hot-key combination. Grabbit will then take the front screen, place it into a RAM buffer, and send it to the printer according to the current settings in Preferences. Because it runs in the background, you can continue using your Amiga for other tasks during printing. If there is not enough free memory in which to set up a buffer, Grabbit will lock the front screen until the printout is complete. A second hot-key sequence lets you save the front screen to disk in the form of a compressed IFF-image file. The Grabbit disk contains AnyTime, another HotKey-driven utility, which will bring up a color palette with the appropriate number of colors for the current screen. You can then adjust the screen colors for improved viewing or for subsequent processing with Grabbit.
Although not really a screen dumper, Meridian Software’s ZinglKeys contains a screen dumper among its myriad functions. The bulk of the program is a collection of keyboard macros and hot keys, with a facility for designing your own macros and hot-kev functions. But at $ 49.95, it does offer two utilities of interest: ZPDUMP, which sends the current screen to the printer, and ZSAVFIFF, which sends it to the disk as an IFF-image file. You can scale your printer dumps at 33 ,%. 50%, or 100% of full size.
Computer Toolsmith’s WindowPrintll differs from the other screen dumpers because it does not limit its attention to an entire screen. Instead, it lets you work with the contents of individual windows and portions of windows, as well as with the entire screen. WindowPrim provides you with complete dimensional control of your printouts; you can set them to fill automatically the entire width of the page or restrict them to pixel-for-pixel representation of the screen. You can adjust the height and the width of the dump independently, from 0 to 200 percent of the screen size, WindowPrim II will also save selected windows to an IFF file for subsequent processing. There are also several useful supplementary utilities, including Snatch, which saves the current screen to disk when triggered by a hot-key sequence, and IFF- Icon, which lets you create Workbench program icons from IFF-image files.
Under normal circumstances, the size of a printer graphic dump is limited to the width of the printer. But if you want a larger printout, it is possible to break up an image into a series of expanded image segments from within a paint program. DeluxePaint II, for example, allows you to “stretch" and then divide into such segments. The process, however, tends to be tedious and time-consuming. Fortunately, there is an easier way, as the following programs will demonstrate. These utilities let you blow up an image printout over several sheets for subsequent paste up.
HUGFPrint, by Hugh Crawford of Hugh’s Software Ranch, allows you to partition an image in up to 16 strips. You set the width of each strip in Preferences, which also controls t lie characteristics of the printout. The total width of all the strips can be up to eight- and-one-half feet. Strips can lie printed individually in the event a section of the mural is damaged and has to be replaced, or if the printer fails to complete the operation for some reason. You can also set the aspect ratio to generate either square pixels or videoproportioned pixels. (Sec the sidebar “Dots Enough” in the article “Lasting Impressions” in this issue for a specific application that uses HUGFPrint.)
Lightning Publishing’s The Big Picture is a collection of 15 versions of itself each of which is for a different printer. To set the size of the printout, specify the number of pixels in each direction, up to 9999 of them horizontally and vertically. The program determines automatically the number of strips required for the mural. The height and width values can be set independently, A height of zero results in a screen-proportioned print. The Big Picture does not display the image being printed; instead, the image data is pulled directly from the disk, processed, and sent to the printer. To avoid tying up a disk drive for what may very well be a lengthy printing task, it is a good idea to transfer the image to RAM: before using The Big Picture. Because the program does not use Preferences, it will not benefit from the new features in version 1.3. As a direct consequence, we found that only color murals could be made on our Canon PJ1080A. The Big Picture’s working window contains gadgets for entering the size parameters, a file name, and the number ot copies. Although the program was able to multitask, it tended to tie up the printer port even when it was not printing. We were also unable to close The Big Picture until it had the chance to actually prim something.
There are several full-featured graphics packages that also provide facilities for generating mural-size printouts. Because these are actually graphics programs rather than printer utilities, we will only make mention of them here. Consult the manufacturers directly (see the “Product Information” box) for further information about PAR Software’s Express Paint
2. 0, Electronic Arts’ DeluxePrint II, and Unison World’s Print Master Plus.
Designlab’s Fine Print is an unusual program providing a use for one of the by-products of microcomputing the well-worn printer ribbon. Although it was not ready in time for this roundup, we did see a preliminary version in action at AmiExpo in New York. Fine Print generates highly-detailed gray-scale graphics dumps of Amiga images by overstriking each dot as many as 15 times. The overstriking requires the use of the worn ribbons, as fresh ribbons will produce a solid black image. Because many nine-pin dot-matrix printers have resolutions as high as 240 dots per inch, it is possible to make fully-detailed, postage-stamp-sized printouts using a low-cost impact printer. (A Fine Print image will, of course, take some time to print.) Fine Print falls in our “Mural Makers” category, as it will print images over 100 feet tall. So start saving those old printer ribbons there may be a use for them yet.
Odds and Ends
The remaining printer-support utilities are very specialized and thus fall into this final “miscellaneous” category.
For some reason, the width of a spreadsheet always manages to exceed its height, usually by substantial
amounts. The traditional solution is to print out the spreadsheet in chunks and then cut and paste the pieces into the proper order. Micro-Systems Software’s Flipside!, a sidcways-style printing program, provides an alternative to this time-consuming process and is now available on the Amiga. All you need is a spreadsheet program that can save its data to disk as an ASCII file. Flipside! Reads in the data from the disk file and, by using your dot-matrix printer’s graphics capabilities, prints out the text sideways.
HiTech Graphics’ Plot-to-Print is intended for use with Aegis Draw or Draw Plus, MCAD, and Dynamic- CAD. CAD programs generally use plotters to obtain the detail required for engineering drawings. The resolution of a typical plotter exceeds 1000 dots per inch. Because plotters are expensive as compared to dot-matrix printers, very few users can justify their cost. Popular and relatively inexpensive CAD packages like the ones mentioned above support dotmatrix printers. Unfortunately, the dot-matrix printer support consists of no more than a bitmap-graphics dump of the image currently displayed not a very satisfactory solution,
Plot-to-Print lets you utilize the full resolution of your dot matrix printer with your CAD program. For Epson-compatible primers, the resolution can range from 60 horizontal by 72 vertical dots per inch to as many as 240 horizontal by 216 vertical dots per inch. To use Plot-to-Print, you must first persuade your CAD program to save its output as a disk file in the Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language (HPGL). Once the data is in HPGL formal, you use one of the Plot- to-Print utility programs to convert the HPGL file to ?
Public Dumping Permitted
THERE ARE A number of useful, and of course much less expensive, screen dumper utilities in the public domain or available as shareware (where you pay a voluntary donation to the author if you find the program of use to you). Several utilities contained in the Amicus public-domain collection of disks are shareware screen-dumper programs. Amicus disk number 8 contains three such programs, including Ned Konz’ ScreenDump I.l. When activated, ScreenDump opens at the bottom of the screen a window whose height is only that of a menu bar. When the screen you wish to print is on the display.
Simply click on the menu bar to send it on to the printer. The hardcopy format is controlled from Preferences.
Brian Conrad’s SHOWPRINT
H. 3, contained on Amicus disk number 22, is not, strictly speaking, a screen dumper. It is designed to load and display any IFF-image file and send it to the printer. It offers you complete control of the size, aspect, aspect ratio, and mode of the printout from within the program. Because it runs in the background, both the program and the displayed image can be placed out of sight once the dump is started. SHOWPRINT supports overscan mode for images larger than the display screen. The program is menu-driven and easy to use. Additional documentation and a tip sheet will be provided to registered users.
ScreenDump 1.1 Ned Konz 210 Oleeta Street Ormond Beach, FL 32074 904 756-2983 $ 10
SHOWPRINT II.3 Data Wise Technologies PO Box 62 Touchet, WA 99360 $ 5
a series of bitmaps on disk scaled to your specifications. Finally, using another Plot-to-Print utility program, dump these bitmaps to a printer. Although the package is a bit cumbersome, it does get the job done and the results are impressive. Hi Tech Graphics is presently working on a more user-friendly version of the program. Plot-to-Print currently supports several printers, including the Epson nine-pin and compatibles, the Epson 24-pin, the Toshiba 24-pin, the NEC 24-pin, and the Canon PJ-1080A.
L A S E R PRINTER UTILITIES
As you undoubtedly know if you already have one, a laser printer is an expensive acquisition. Yes, they are sophisticated printing powerhouses, but yes too, you want to get the most out of them for the least additional cost. Many software packages ideally suited to laser printers such as desk top-publishing programs are, unfortunately. Also fairly expensive. But here’s some good news for laser owners; There is inexpensive software that really does help you utilize your laser printer to its full capabilities printer utility programs.
Traveling with the “Jet Set”
The laser printers most often used on personal computer are the HP LaserJet series (and their numerous clones). Unfortunately, the HP is not a PostScript printer, meaning it does not have the special command language most often used for desktop publishing. Yet it does have its own commands, and, with careful planning, you can use them to create very impressive professional quality documents. (See the article “Lasting Impressions” in this issue for a more detailed description of the HP LaserJet printer.) To make this task easier, C Ltd has developed the Jet Set laser-printer utilities.
Jet Set provides you with an easy-to-use CLI-based interface for issuing commands to control the HP printer. With it you can download fonts to the printer, control the placement and appearance of your text, and even create many types of forms. The commands can he executed directly from the keyboard or from within a text file created by any text editor or word processor that allows you to save ASCII files.
The command set is quite extensive, with over 90 different commands available. These range from margin and page controls, to more standard printer commands like form and line feeds. There are commands to draw boxes, lines, and rules of various sizes and shades. You can also use Jet Set to download fonts to the HP. And select them from within your document. You can position the cursor anywhere on the page at any time from within your document itself. Other features include mode-selcction for switching between the various dot densities the printer can generate, and the ability to change from portrait (normal) printed output to landscape (rotated) output.
Another advantage to Jet Set will he apparent to users of Scribble! And Textcraft. By combining Jet Set commands with the documents generated by these widely used word processors, you can take advantage of the high-quality fonts that can be downloaded to your HP laser printer.
PostScript Utilities from the “Studio”
If you do have a PostScript-based laser printer, such as the Apple LaserWriter or the QMS-PS 810, you might wonder why you would need or want laser utilities, seeing that your printer already has commands for formatting. In this case, the utility software makes it easier to access the PostScript features from within your documents, again without the expenses of a PostScript-based page-layout program.
Scott Anthony Studios has three different PostScript laser-utility programs. The first, LaserUtilities, Vol 1.2, is in many ways similar to Jet Set, as it allows you to turn your word-processing or ASCII text-editor files into a highly polished printed document by including embedded PostScript control commands within the document. These are easy-to-use, two-digit commands such as f¥S nn def (which defines a font- scale of size nn). Others are margin- and page-control commands that simplify the designand layout process. Text can be centered and boxed automatically, using various sizes of fonts and lines, with boxes filled with varying levels of gray shades. You can create circles and ellipses, and place bullets anywhere in the text in either plain- or filled-circle format, or as stars of varied size.
A second S. Anthony Studios PostScript utility, LaserUp! Print 1.2, is a useful picture-printing program that can take any IFF-compatible bitmap image and print it on a PostScript page. The program is entirely menu- and mouse-driven, and it allows you to scale and position the image any way you wish on the page. A very simple pixel editor is included for fine detail “brush ups” of the picture. You can select any rectangular region of the image by placing a box around it and print only that region. You can wrap the image in any of a large number of border styles (included) and convert it to any of several different halftone types. You can add text to the picture if you wish.
Once defined, the picture can be printed to the PostScript printer in up to 48 shades of gray or saved as an ASCII text file that can be used with other PostScript packages, even on other computers. Finally, LaserUp! Printl.2 offers the ability to perform a four-color separation of the graphic image, printing or saving the separations as desired. The only draw-
The Big Picture
Lightning Publishing Consultants
1821 N. Ohio St.
Arlington, VA 22205 703 534-8030
No special requirements
1820 Gateway Dr.
San Mateo, CA 94404
Express Paint 2.0 PAR Software Inc.
PO Box 1089
Elevator Way, Terminal 2
Vancouver, WA 98666
Designlab PO Box 419 Owego, NY 13827 607 687-5740 $ 49.95
No special requirements
Micro-Systems Software distributed by Brown-Wagh Publishing
16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210
Los Gatos, CA 95030
No special requirements Grabbit
Discovery Software International 163 Conduit St.
Annapolis, MD 21401
No special requirements
HUGEPrint Hugh's Software Ranch
232 East 8th Street 1B New York, NY 10009 212 353-2465 $ 49.95
No special requirements
PO Box 446 Tallmadge, OH 44278 Canon $ 20 Epson 9-pin $ 25 24-pin $ 35
No special requirements
Print Master Plus Unison World
2150 Shattuck Ave., Suite 902 Berkeley, CA 94704 415 848-6670 $ 49.95
WindowPrint II Computer Toolsmith distributed by T & L Products 2645 Wilson St.
Carlsbad, CA 92008
No special requirements ZinglKeys
Meridian Software Inc.
PO Box 890408 Houston, TX 77289-0408 713 488-2144 $ 49.95
No special requirements
LASER V R I S T E R UTILITIES
Jet Set C Ltd
723 East Skinner Wichita, KS 67211 316 267-3807 $ 39.95
LaserUp! Plot ($ 49.95) LaserUp! Print 1.2 ($ 89.95) LaserUtilities ($ 39.95)
Scott Anthony Studios 889 De Haro St.
San Francisco, CA 94107
No special requirements
back I lound to Print 1.2 is that it requires the printer to be interfaced to the Amiga via the serial port. All otherS. Anthony Studios packages work on whatever is defined as the PRT: device.
The last of the S. Anthony utilities is a very specialized package, LaserUp! Plot, which converts CAD files created with Aegis Draw or Draw Plus from their vector-based object files to PostScript-described files. Once converted they can be quickly printed on your laser printer at the highest density available (300 clots per inch). Most importantly, they can be included in other documents, where they can be resized and positioned as needed, just like any other PostScript defined image. ¦
Morton A. Keve I son is a frequent reviewer and Louis R. Wallace is a contributing editor for AmigaWorld. Write to Morton at 2471 Bragg St., Brooklyn, NY 11235. Write to Louis do AmigaWorld, Editorial Dept,, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458.
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it s making eveiy other spreadsheet old fashioned!
The original MaxiPlan™ was named the Best Amiga Spreadsheet of 1986 by a poll of Amiga User Groups conducted by F.A.U.G. Now in
1988. MaxiPlan has received Amiga User International's Oskar in the Spreadsheet Category. MaxiPlan Plus incorporates many time-saving innovations including a Macro Language facility similar to Microsoft Excel's™ allowing automation of complicated spreadsheet analysis or data input.
With MaxiPlan Plus and your Amiga you can:
• Open multiple spreadsheets and charts
• "Link" data from any number of spreadsheets
• Create a self-running demo or interactive multiple choice quiz, incorporating files from word processors and paint programs
• Automatically create reports such as invoices and purchase orders
• Instruct a data entry person with spoken or written prompts
• 'Recite' your data entries when checking data accuracy against source documents
• Export Charts via IFF file format to any Amiga paint program
The MaxiPlan Spreadsheet features:
• 512 columns by 32.760 rows
• Function key commands
• Ranges or cells reference by "Name" or cell address
• Written or spoken cell notes
• Password protection
• II Chart styles including: 3-D Bar. 3-D Pie. Stacked Bar. X-Y scatter. Step. Hi-Lo. Area. Line.
Bar. Pie and Exploding Pie
• Up to 8 Charts per spreadsheet
• Lotus 1-2-3 import capability
• Over 70 built-in functions such as:
Financial (IRR. NPV.FV. PMT)
Database (Index, Find. Lookupl
Presentation (Color. Style. Speech!
With the MaxiPlan Plus Database you can:
• Simultaneously Sort on any number of Fields in any order
• Maintain up to 63 Databases per spreadsheet
• Create merge files for labels and form letters
• Find" or "Lookup" any specific record or records
With MaxiPlan Plus Macros you can:
• Define up to 64 macros per Macrosheet
• Automatically generate macros under Record Mode
• Use over 95 different macro commands
• Create templates for data entry
• Incorporate speech to instruct, remind, or inform user
• Adapt sample Macros for your own applications
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THREE FOR THE LOAD
Bv David T* McClellan
LIKE A GOOD TRUCK, a programming language should lie dependable over the long haul, but be able to pour on the speed when you are behind schedule. Modula-2 is a souped up version of Pascal with most of its problems removed, and was pioneered by the same man, Niklaus Wirth. The module concept cleans up most of the breakdowns (such as automatic variable type casting) in C that sent me to the debugger too often and is somewhat cleaner than object libraries, because the modules are version-controlled. Modula-2 is much pickier about data types than C, but it does allow open arrays (arrays whose exact sizes arc not known) as procedure parameters, correcting one of Pascal’s great flaws. It also allows coercion of data and pointer types.
Each of the three Amiga compilers, TDI Modula- 2 version 3.01a, M2Amiga version 3.1, and Benchmark Modula-2 version 1.03, has its own editor, integrated to differing extents, and its own linker. All three feature modules defined for the Amiga libraries and routines, as well as the standard Modula-2 modules such as InOut and SYSTEM. For all three you can get by with a 512K machine, although I recommend having at least a megabyte and at least two floppies, but preferably a hard disk. The differences shine through in the quality of the AmigaDOS and kernel interfaces, the generated code, and their doc- umention.
The first commercial Modula-2 compiler for the Amiga, TDI comes in three versions: basic, developers, and commercial. Besides the difference in price, the developers and commercial versions offer source code for various modules, IFF (Interchange File Format) and ILBM (Ititer-leaved Bit Map) support, a disassembler, and a cross-referencer. All three use the original four-pass Wirth compiler model as a basis, which slows them down a bit. TDI offers several compiler switches, such as SOFT + or SOPT-, for code optimization, but you must imbed them in die code. T his style of comment-set options goes back to the first CDC Pascal compiler, at least. M2Amiga and Benchmark Modula-2 allow similar compiler switches, but also provide command-line versions.
The integrated editor is supposed to find error files produced by the compiler, .erm files, then count and mark the errors in the source code. It works about half of the time and is often unable to identify the problems in an error file produced by the compiler. To be convinced you have found all the bugs, you are almost forced to use the editor to step through the code line by line. The .erm files arc text files, listing the line and the error number, so you can use another editor to speed things up. After struggling with TDI's editor, I reverted to examining and editing files with MicroEmacs. The TDI editor is far inferior to MicroEmacs and is really only useful for tracking errors you have already identified. For more serious compilations, the symbolic debugger lets you perform a post-mortem on a dead program. Using it is slightly more efficient than scattering WriteString calls through the program.
With this convoy oj Modula-2 compilers, you 'll soon he
“compile-bound, and down, linked up and executing
At 163K. The program is the largest of the three tested. The module definitions take up 90 percent of an Amiga floppy, making it impossible to add on the compiler and linker to make separate language and working disks, as I did with M2Amiga and Benchmark. You must either trim down the module disk to hold the compiler, or put the compiler, linker, and editor on your working disk. If you own a hard disk, you have already solved your space problem.
Besides being the largest, TDI is the most unstable.
It crashed and sent me a guru meditation message several times while compiling modules with and without errors. Even with the required AmigaDOS stack of 30K, TDI died. One time it also corrupted my working disk. Equally annoying but less devastating, both the compiler and the linker always returned error code 507 to AmigaDOS, even after a successful compilation or link. Upon receiving the error code, AmigaDOS will kick you out of a batch compile.
The manual features definitions for each module and an index. Despite being neatly formatted, the manual was confusing to follow at times. Every page header in the Module Definitions section is one page off from the actual topic it refers to. Fortunately, the ?
Headers in the text ancl the index are correct. More frustrating is the missing M2Conversions module, used for number-to-string and string-to-number conversions. While it was described in the documentation. It was not included on my disk.
I thought that after two years of being on the market, the TDI compiler would be solid. It’s disap* pointing that it was unreliable, because it performed well in the timed benchmarks. Despite its four-pass compiler, it ran neck-andneck with M2Amiga (see the accompanying chart).
Distributed in die United States by Interface Technologies Corp.. the M2Amiga Compiler originally hails from Switzerland and the A. + L. Meter-Vogt Company. The one-pass compiler (135K) is icon- based, so you can run it from Workbench. Somewhat faster than TDI, it clocked consistent compile and link times over several runs.
I used M2Amiga to debug the benchmarks for mismatched and mixed types. Its built-in MtcroEmacs- based editor successfully recognized error files from the compiler, and an error-finder mode similar to TDI’s is available from a pull-down menu. Unlike TDI, however, it always found the errors, and it allows you to set compiler flags for turning on and off various error-catching runtime code from the com-
Preparation Times (all times in seconds)
Size of Exec.
Size of Exec.
Execution Times (all times in
Int Mat Mult
Real Mat Mult
piler command line as well as in the source code of a file. T he whole edit compilc link process was easier. The linker is fast and even lets you make icons for finished executable flics.
Interfacing Modula-2 and AmigaDOS is much simpler with M2Amiga. Unlike TDI and Benchmark, which require you to call certain Heap setup shutdown routines, the I2Amiga runtime system handles all AmigaDOS setup shutdown. With Benchmark, you even have to initialize the math library.
M2Amiga is a little rough in some areas, including the documentation. Printed in dark blue on grayish thin-stock paper, the manual is hard to read and flimsy. It lacks an index, and the module descriptions are difficult to read. A + L. Meier*Vogt does include some demos to give you an idea of the power of the language.
Be prepared to wait when installing the compiler on a hoot disk. The installation program takes over 14 minutes, perhaps because M2 Amiga is set up to handle one- or two-drive systems and must read an entire source disk before writing. The delay is necessary to make the compiler work properly on one disk. Without installing, the program repeatedly requested to remount my system disk.
Von arc also forced to set up a project directory structure to compile in. With sym. Obj, and ref subdirectories for each project. The linker, however, does not automatically recognize this structure; you must direct the linker to the proper object file.
Both the compiler ancl linker produce information for an optional debugger mentioned in the manual. The only "description” is in the Amiga Run Time System module section. The paragraph reads more like an ad. Saying a debugger exists and can he installed; please ask your dealer for details. I don't mind ads, but don’t tease me,
Distributed by Avant Garde Software. Benchmark: Modula-2 is a one-pass compiler (103k) and has several optional module libraries. The main disk includes a configuration tool that lets you change a number of compiler options to your defaults instead of Avant Garde's. You can set these from the compiler command line or from within the source code. There is a choice of two integrated editors, with an extra twist: You can run the compiler and linker from them. A handy Benchmark extra is a procedure profiler, which is very useful for fine-tuning an application.
You can expand your system with the optional module libaries, including an IFF module library, a “C Language Library”, full of C-like functions to ease the transition for diehards like me. And a “Simple Amiga Interface" module library with easy windows, menus, and gadgets.
Benchmark uses the Motorola Fast Floating Point library for speed, but thus does not support the
LONGREA1. (64-bit real) variable type. Both TDI and M2Amiga supported the type; Benchmark would have had to access AmigaDOS’ IEEE floating-point math library to do so.
Your variables are further constrained by the static data-storage area, limited to 32K per module or procedure. This is not a big deal if you break up your variables and arrays beforehand, but you might have to rearrange your data when porting programs between Modula-2 compilers. As a result of its data- segment layout, Benchmark generates bigger code segments than the other two.
Surprisingly, with all the range-checking and overflow-checking code it has, the program does not check for stack overflow. I overran the limit once and had to backtrack from the symptoms to discover my mistake.
Flie documentation is exhaustive, and demos are abundant (text, graphics, sound, and more), although most are converted f rom C public-domain programs. The documentation is extensiive, but does not have an index. The “Definition Module Cross Reference” section allows you to look up an identifier, find the module it appears in, and then thumb back through the book to find that description. Both the manual and main bootable disk include tutorials.
The Weigh Station
A mixed bag of tricks, the benchmark tests put the three programs up on the scales and sent them through their comparative paces, exercising recursion, array indexing, integer and real math, pointer dereferencing, and structure accessing. 1 ran a heavily recursive permutation calculator, a Tower of Hanoi solver, an Eight Queens solver (done 50 times), Puzzle (a math and array intensive compute-bound benchmark by Forest Baskctt), Integer and Real Matrix Multipliers (40 x 40 arrays), three sorts (Quicksort, Tree Sort, and Bubble Sort, each over 5000-element arrays of random numbers). I also tested a separate Fast Fourier Transform program, with an array of 256 complex numbers described as records. Originally the test was bundled with the others, but the combined static data size was too large for Benchmark Modula-2 to handle. All the benchmarks output only to the screen, because I O is more a function of an Operating System than a compiler.
My test setup was a two-floppy system, with compiler, linker, and module descriptions on floppy and my AmigaDOS CL1 commands in the RAM disk. I used each system’s editor on the source for that system, but with TDI, I frequently had to fall back on MicroEmacs. 1 timed each procedure separately, using the DateStamp AmigaDOS call to get the current time before and after each module call. Between compilers, I changed only the names of data types imported f rom Amiga Modules and the names of the imported modules themselves. The combined test was ?
Modula 2 Road Signs
FINDING YOUR WAY around in a foreign language is never easy, so to ease the transition for diehard C programmers, I have compiled the following list of Modula-2 equivalents for C commands. Control structure translation is a simple affair.
In Modula-2 becomes:
The C Statement
IF (x 15) THEN
WriteStringflt is not 151 It is ’); Writelnt(x);
(* manipulate x here ')
If (x != 15)
printff'lt’s not 15! It’s %dn’r,x);
* manipulate x here *
Similar conversions apply for while, do while, for, and switch. Modula- 2 does not support goto. Less obvious Modula-2 cognates for some frequently used C features are listed below.
C Modula-2 _
include ...FROM module IMPORT xxx, xxx
unsigned , . . .... .CARDINAL
unsigned long .....LONGCARD
long int ..LONGINT
int *fred .fred : POINTER TO INTEGER;
1+ + ....INC(i);
I + = 5 ..lNC(i,5);
i - - ....DEC(i) (* Ditto for DEC(I,5) *)
sizeof ...SIZE (variable), TSIZE (type)
r flags - several lines ..(* sets - several lines *)
define FLAG1 0x01 CONST Flagl = 1; Flag2 = 2;
define FLAG2 0x02 Flag3 = 0FH;
Adeline FLAG3 OxOF TYPE FlagSet = SET OF [0..31J;
Int flagword; ftagword : FlagSet;
flagword |= FLAG1; flagword ;= flagword +
flagword &= FLAG2; FlagSet FLAG1
if (flagword & FLAG3). . . Flagword : = flagword -
• end of FLAGS * FlagSet FLAG2 };
IF (Flag3 IN flagword) THEN . . .
(‘END OF SETS')
* I O * ..(‘I O')
printf(“Vars %d %f %c %sn’ WriteStringfVars ’);
Int I, float_f, char_c, Writelnt(lnt_i);
* ditto for input * Write(char_c);
('DITTO FOR INPUT')
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Over 725 tines long, the FFT over 260 lines. The differences in sets of imports, type-casting, and setup calls varied slightly the length for each compiler. See the benchmark chart for the results.
All three clock similar speeds for code generation. Benchmark's floating point code pulls ahead, but not
l) y much. 1 do not recommend the TDI compiler, at least until the company fixes version 3.0la’s problems. I he code is about the same quality as the M2Amiga compiler, but you'll spend a lot of time with the compiler up on the debugger’s rack, rebuilding after guru messages. Its other tools are also not up to snuff. M2Amiga is a little more solid, hut the documentation is far from helpful to the beginner. Because it is very new, the Benchmark compiler still has to he broken in a bit. Slightly unwieldy in tight corners, Benchmark's code size is the largest, but it’s the one I recommend. It handles at least as well as the M2Amiga compiler, and Avant Garde gives you a lot more for your cash. Next year’s model should bring even better performance.
Benchmark Modula-2 Avant Garde Software
2213 Woodburn Plano, TX 75075 214 964-0260 S 199.95
$ 99.95, library modules 512K required.
Interface Technologies Corp.
3336 Richmond, Suite 200 Houston, TX 77098 713 523-8422 $ 249
TDI Modula-2 TDI Software Inc.
10355 Brock wood Rd.
Dallas, TX 75238 214 340-4942
$ 99.95 basic; $ 149.95 developers;
$ 299.95 commercial 512K required.
David T, McClellan is a contributing editor to Amiga- World. Write to him at 104 Chevron Circle, Cary, NC 27511. The author would like to thank John Hennessy, who originally collected the benchmark tests used in this article, Peter Nye, who modified them somewhat, and Pete Soper, who brought them to his attention. ¦
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Say It... With Video Text
Create your own repertoire of special effects with this Amiga Basic video text program.
By Bryan D. Catley
ith video text, you have the ability to produce on a computer monitor enlarged text that can be transferred to videotape as program titles or photographed as slides for use in presentations. Using a number of different programming techniques, you can create a wide range of special effects to enhance your titling efforts and other presentations. The Amiga Basic program Basic Video Text (see Listing 1) that follows this article makes full use of the Amiga’s potent graphics capabilities to provide you with the tools to use video text with professional-quality results.
Consider the following features: Up to 29 colors; horizontal enlargement up to 10 times; vertical enlargement up to 20 times; upper- and lowercase; plain, underlined, italicized, and boldface text styles; combinations of text styles; shadowed text; drop shadowed text; strobe text; outlined text; horizontal striping; vertical striping; the ability to “undo” the last item drawn; a grid to assist in text placement that may be toggled on and off at will; the ability to scroll the screen to fine-tune text
placement; an optional borderless screen; and more.
Many Items on These Menus
Type in the program and save a copy before running it. Basic Video Text is completely menu driven. When you execute it. You will be presented with a title screen that is displayed while the program initializes itself. The screen then clears to a grid-covered plain background, and the program will wait for your menu selection. Note that many of the menu selections are on off toggles. This means the menu will always show what can be se- lected (which, naturally enough, is the opposite of what is currently in place). Further, many of the menu items are ghosted when their selection is not appropriate.
To get you started, let’s look at the four menus and the items they control:
1. The Big Text Menu
This menu doubles as a project menu and the menu that controls the text. Menu options include:
Open Close Opens or closes the text input window. You can “drag” this window to any location on the screen. Once opened, it cannot be closed until you press Return.
Clear It Clears the text input window and readies it for new input. Valid only after you press Return.
Draw It Draws an enlarged version of the entered text at the Block Cursor (see below) position.
Erase Jt Clears the enlarged text completely.
(“Undo” may be used to restore the enlarged text.)
Place It Sets the Block Cursor to wherever the mouse is clicked.
Undo It Removes the last item drawn.
Grid ON OFF Toggles the grid on and off.
H Stripe ON OFF Toggles a transparent horizontal stripe on the enlarged text (as it is drawn) on and off.
V Stripe ON OFF Toggles a transparent vertical stripe on the enlarged text (as it is drawn) on and off.
Draw Factors Opens a window that allows you to set the horizontal and vertical drawing factors by clicking in the appropriate box. By default, both factors are set to five.
Quit Quit Basic Video Text and return to Amiga Basic.
2. The Pens Menu
This menu allows you to set the various colors you wish to use. Options include:
BG Color Allows you to choose a new background and border color by clicking in one of the displayed colors. The change is instant.
Grid Color Allows you to choose a new grid and frame color by clicking in one of the displayed colors. The change is instant. Note: If the grid color is changed to that of the background (or vice versa), the result is a borderless screen. The menus, however, will also disappear although selected menu items will become visible.
FG Pen Allows you to choose a new drawing pen by ?
Aztec C’s NEW Source Debugger Takes The Work Out Of Debugging!
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Stop agonizing over features you need but can’t find . . . Start using Aztec C’s NEW Source Debugger (SDB). It has all the features you expect and more!
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¦ Debug drivers
¦ User Control of Color-background and text
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clicking in one of the displayed colors. The current FG Pen color (which is red by default) is always used to draw the Block Cursor. Existing colors are not effected.
OL Pen Allows you to choose a new outline color by clicking in one of the displayed colors. By default, the outline color is always the same as the FG Pen color. The current OL Pen color is shown across the lop of the Block Cursor.
3. The Style Menu
This menu allows you to select various text styles.
Plain Text is drawn using the standard Amiga text display; checked when selected.
Underline ON OFF Toggles text underlining on and off.
Bold ON OFF Toggles bold text on and off.
Italics Text is drawn in italics; checked when selected.
4. The Scroll Menu
This menu allows you to scroll the screen contents in any direction. Options include:
Lett The screen scrolls the selected number of pixels to the left.
Right The screen scrolls the selected number of pixels to the right.
Up The screen scrolls the selected number ol pixels upwards.
Down The screen scrolls the selected number of pixels downwards.
X 2 Scroll two pixels; checked when selected, x 4 Scroll four pixels; checked when selected, x 8 Scroll eight pixels; checked when selected.
You are now ready to use the program, but there is one thing of which you should he aware. The program uses most of the memory available in a 512K
machine. This means you should not he overly con-
cerned if you receive an “Out of Heap Space” mes-
¦¦¦ III" Hi II
Listing 1. Basic Video Text
' Basic Video Text, for AmigaWorld 1 Bryan I) * Ca1.1ey , May 198 7
CLEAR ,25000:CLEAR , 530008,
DECLARE FUNCTION TexiLenglh&() LIBRARY NumCo1s=3 2:r = 0:g=1 :b = 2 : ScWi d = 311:ScDep=l98
bg = 0:gr i d=2:LRed*3:Red = 6:DRed = 5:L0rg=6:0rg = 7:D0rg = 8
Lyel=9:Yel=10:DYe1=11:LGrn=12:Grn=13:DGrn=lA:LBlu=13 B1u=16:DB1u=l7:LV io=18:V i o=19:DVio = 20:LMag = 21 : Mag = 22 DM a g= 2 3 : L B r w = 2 A : Brw=2 5 : Dbrw = 26 : l.Cr y = 2 7 : G r y = 28 : DC r y = 29
lasting continued on p, 87
sage: you will simply have to reboot your Amiga. Many functions (such as speech, cut and paste, and so forth) use memory that is not released when ihe function terminates thus the reason for this temporary available memory problem.
How do you transfer the screen image to your VCR? On an Amiga 1000, use a video cable with an RCA-type jack at each end plugging one end into the composiie-video-output jack on the hack of your computer and the other end into ihe video- input jack of your VCR. Then simply press record. (Be sure to check your VCR instruction book for details on using the video-input jack.) With an Amiga 500 or 2000, you will need an RGB encoder.
If you wish to photograph the screen, he sure to use a shutter speed of less than one-sixtieth ol a second (because the screen is redrawn GO times a second).
Sample Video Text Techniques
The following ideas should get vou started with Basic Video Text:
Shadowed Text Set the EG Pen to black, draw the text, move the Block Cursor a little towards an upper corner of the screen, change the FG Pen to another color and draw the same text again.
Drop Shadowed Text Use the same technique as that described above, but move the Block Cursor a little further.
Strobe Text Use the same method as that described for shadowed text, hut repeat ii a number ol times in different colors.
Outlined Text Select a color lor the OL Pen that contrasts with that of the FG Pen.
Hollow Text Set the FG Pen to ihe background color and the OL Pen to a contrasting color.
Translucent Text Set the horizontal drawing factor to 2 and select Vertical Stripe ON (or vice versa).
Patterned Text Draw the text in any desired color, set the FG Pen to a contrasting color, sei both Vertical and Horizontal Stripes ON and redraw the same text in the same location.
Flat Text Set low vertical and high horizontal factors.
Tall Text Set high vertical and low horizontal factors.
These are just a few of the many effects you can create with Basic Video Text. You will he surprised at what you can achieve with various combinations of the above techniques. All you need to do is go ahead and experiment. ¦
Bryan Catley is a professional software engineer with 20 years' experience with IBM mainframes and a little less with AMIGAs. Vou can write (no calls) to him at 2221 Glasgow Road. Alexandria, VA 22 307.
When it’s Time to Get Organized, WordPerfect Library is the Key
Whether you're a new Amiga user or a seasoned professional, WordPerfect Library's integrated programs make it easy to organize your appointments, notes, files, and programs.
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Exploring this month’s CLI commands will help you mganize your disks and disk space more effectively.
By Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings
OVER THE PAST few columns in our series, we have been examining several groups of common CLI commands. Most of them you will probably use quite often. There are other commands, however, that provide important functions that help you manage your disks.
To use a disk with your Amiga, you must first FORMAT it. The FORMAT command gives you a disk that is initially empty (except, perhaps, for a Trashcan icon and directory), and on which you can store data. That’s fine for data storage, but if you want to turn that disk (or any other) into one that you can use when your Amiga boots and tells you to insert the Workbench disk, you have to prepare it further. You could simply DISKCOPY your Workbench disk onto it (in which case you did not need to format the target disk first). This approach, however, would overwrite any other files that are already on the disk.
Put Your Disks on the Installment Plan
Instead, you can make your own customized hoot disk perhaps even one that contains a streamlined CLI and no Workbench. This is where the INSTALL command helps you out. Its only argument is a disk drive identifier:
INSTALL [DRIVE] Dfn:
where n must be either 0, 1, 2, or 3. It makes the disk in drive Dfn: “bootable.”
INSTALL is really only the first step in
this process. It puts just enough on the disk to let your Amiga boot from it and give you the CLFs 1> prompt. It does not automatically bring up the Workbench. More importantly, it does not copy any of the CLI’s command files onto this disk. To be able to use them, you have to copy them from a Workbench disk into the C directory of this disk.
INSTALL has one other unfortunate limitation: It does not ask you to insert your target disk into the drive you specified. Instead, it immediately starts to work on the disk in that drive. If your Amiga has only a single drive, or if you expected to he asked to insert your disk and specified a drive that contained another disk, you could he in for a surprise. On a one-drive system, you have the Workbench disk in your drive, because it contains the INSTALL command file. You enter the INSTALL command, and it puts its information on your Workbench disk not what you wanted.
There are two easy ways around this problem. The first is to copy the INSTALL command into the current directory of your target disk, put that disk in your drive, and then run INSTALL from there. The other approach is to copy the INSTALL command file from your Workbench disk to RAM:, remove the Workbench disk, insert your target disk, and then run INSTALL from RAM*, by typing
Now you can copy any other files you
need onto your disk and be on your wav.
J J J
If you forget this procedure and see that INSTALL is starting to work on your Workbench disk, you might he tempted to open the door to your drive anti remove the disk. If you have used an Amiga for any length of time, you know that this is one of the quickest ways to ruin a disk but every so often you may forget. When you do, AmigaDOS can leave the special file structures that it keeps on the disk to help it manage your files in inconsistent states, so that your files are effectively lost. Even if you are extremely careful never to make this mistake, disks still sometimes go bad.
Spotting a bad disk is usually simple. You may not be able to read from it or write to it. More often, you try to use it and AmigaDOS is unable to validate it. When that happens, you get messages such as
is not validated”
“Error validating disks
Disk is unreadable”
The DISKDOC FOR command can often help you cure such ailing disks. Simply put the had disk in a drive Dfn: and type
It then fixes as much of the file structure as it can, so that you can retrieve your ?
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Files. It often does not get them all, but it usually gets most of them. If DISKDOC- TOR is able to recover some or all of your files, it tells you
“Now copy Files required to a new disk
and reformat this disk."
Don’t ignore this message, just because DISKDOCTOR has saved some Files does not mean that you can trust your disk. You should COPY (not DISKCOPY) all of the files that you want to save from this disk onto another one. Then FORMAT this disk and COPY all of your Files back onto it, and you can get back to work safely.
When you FORMAT this disk or any other one, you have an opportunity to give it a name, which AmigaDOS calls its volume label. If you want to change that name, however, the best way is not reformatting your disk. Instead, use the RELABEL command:
RELABEL [DRIVE] Dfn: [NAME]
The disk’s new name must follow the usual AmigaDOS rules. It can contain up to 30 characters, and if you want it to contain any spaces, surround it with quotes,
RELABEL shares one problem with INSTALL: It does not ask you to insert your target disk; instead, it immediately changes the name of the disk in the drive you specified. You can avoid this problem by using either of the approaches that we described for INSTALL.
AmigaDOS lets you do more than manage a disk’s name or contents. In a limited way, you also can make it run faster by using the ADDBUFFERS command:
ADDBUFFERS Dfn: number of buffers>
When you read a File on a disk, AmigaDOS actually reads that File in chunks called sectors. It keeps some of these sectors in memory areas called sector cache buffers, so that it can gel them more quickly if you need them again. Because many programs tend to read the same disk area several times during their execution, these cache buffers can improve your overall disk performance.
ADDBUFFERS tells AmigaDOS to keep more of these sector cache buffers. You generally need 25 to 30 additional buffers to get a noticeable improvement
in your disk performance. There are no hard and fast rules to tell you how much improvement you will get from any number of additional buffers. Instead, your best bet is to start with an additional 25 buffers and see if it helps. You rarely need more than an additional 50 buffers for a drive. Remember, if you really want to speed up access to a few Files, copy them into RAM: and you will not have to use the disk at all to read them.
These extra cache buffers are not free, of course. Each one consumes about 500 bytes of your available system memory. For 25 additional buffers, you burn about 12.5K. This may not seem like much, but on a 512K Amiga, it could decrease the size of the spreadsheet or paint File you can use, or stop a tight- fitting program from squeezing into memory. On an Amiga with 1MB or more of memory, these extra buffers are
often well worth the cost. On such a sys-
tern, you might even want to put ADDBUFFERS statements for each of your drives into your startup-sequence File.
Okay, Lets Check Out the Files
Whether your disk runs fast or slow, you often need to see what it contains. The DIR command (see “info.phiie," p. 61, in the March '88 issue of AmigaWorld) is one way to see a list of your files. AmigaDOS provides another such command
LIST that lets you get more information about vour Files.
LIST has many options. You can get a great deal of useful information from it, however, without having to use any of these options. Just enter
It displays the following categories of information about the Files in your current directory:
Unlike DIR, LIST does not show you the Files in sorted order; instead, you get them as AmigaDOS chooses to present them. It tells you more than DIR, how- ever, by giving you these Five other pieces of information about each File. The size field shows each file’s size in bytes. If a file contains nothing, ibis field
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says “empty” It also treats directories differently from files and displays “dir” in this field for them.
The protection column tells you what operations you can perform on each file. It contains some combination of four letters: r (Read), w (Write), e (Execute), and d (Delete). As you are probably the owner and sole user of most of your
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files, their entry in this column reads
"rwed” which means that you can perform any operation on them.
You can use these operation designators and another AmigaDOS command, PROTECT, to stop other users from hurting files accidentally. PROTECT accepts a file name argument and a list of zero or more of these four options:
PROTECT [FILE] file_name>
If you want to stop an operation, just omit its option designator from the list after the keyword FLAGS. For example, if you want to put a file called copyright- notice on a disk and prevent anyone from deleting it accidentally, enter
PROTECT copyrightt_notice FLAGS rwe ’
Right now AmigaDOS only enforces the d protection; even if you leave off all of the options and try to protect a file completely, you can still read, write to, or execute that file.
There are three other LIST’ headings. The date and time columns show you the date and time when each file was created. These can be very helpful when you are trying to decide which of several versions of a file is the most recent one.
The :comment field is another special one that, like protection, reflects the result of an AmigaDOS command. If you create a new file, its LIS P entry shows nothing under that heading. You can, however, attach a comment to a file with the F1LENOTE command:
FILENOTE [FILE] file_name> COMMENT comment>
Your comment> can be up to 80 characters long, but if you want it to contain any spaces, you must surround it with quotes. You can use these comments for everything from file version information to a statement of a file’s purpose.
If a file has a comment, its LIST entry shows that comment with a colon (:) preceding it. For example, if you have a 512- byte file (red with no special permissions, and you enter
FILENOTE fred COMMENT “This is Version 1.2 of my fred file”
its list entry might show
fred 512 rwed Today 12:11:03
This is Version 1.2 of my fred file
You should be aware of the way that AmigaDOS handles these comments when you work with your files. Assume that you have a file filel with a comment. If you COPY filel, the copy does not have fileVs comment. On the other hand, if you RENAME filel* the resulting file retains file I'$ comment. Finally, if you in any way update or overwrite the contents of filel, the result of that operation retains filel's comment. For example, if you
COPY foo to filel
filel contains the same information as foo, but it keeps its comment, even if foo had a different comment.
The LIST command always displays a file’s comment. You can stop it from displaying the date and time information, however, with the NODATES option.
You can also get LIST to give you information about any particular file or directory by giving the name of that file or directory as its first parameter, after its optional DIR parameter. For example, the following two commands are equivalent:
LIST DIR file_name>
LIST file name>
If file_name> is a file, LIST gives you information about only that file. If it is a directory, LIST displays information about all of the files and directories within that directory.
LIST offers several other options that you might want to investigate further in your AmigaDOS User’s Manual. Like the other commands that we have discussed in this and previous columns, it is a useful part of the powerful AmigaDOS software that controls your Amiga. In our next column we will begin a multi part, in-depth look at the newest version of that software, AmigaDOS 1.3. ¦
Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings are contributing editors to AmigaWorld. Write to them at 10024 Sycamore Road, Durham, AT 27703.
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Win an Amiga 2000 Plus
CAN YOU OUTSMART the editors? Can you find the trail to the Amiga 2000? If you can, you and a guest will be on your way to the treasure site for a Getaway Weekend (including luxuro 'accommodations for two nights and round (rip airfare) to collect the prize.
Grab yc jrjmap, compass, atlas, star chart, sextant, bloodhound, dictionary, encyclopedia, Book of World Records, pick, shovel, metal detector, favorite recipe for red herring, and whatever else you think will help. (Seriously, don't be shy about using any kind of reference material you can get your hands on you'll need some help.)
The treasure hunt begins with this issue the first 16 clues. The next two issues of AmigaWorld (August and September) will
carry the clues for Parts Two and Three. All the clues are linked so you will need to solve each one before you can move to the next location. Decipher the clues correctly and at the end of the third set you’ll know the location of the buried treasure an Amiga 2000.
Be sure to save your answers to all the clues each month (you may need them). The exact answer to each clue will correspond to the word or words marked In Italics. In the November issue we will publish the winner’s name and the trail to the treasure with the answers to each clue In all three parts of the treasure hunt
When you find the spot that X marks, you won’t need a shovel to dig up the treasure.
All you have to do is fill out the coupon (or a facsimile) accompanying the third and final set of clues. All entries must be received at the AmigaWorid offices by Thursday, September 15, 1988. Send your entry to AmigaWortd Treasure Hunt, AmigaWorld, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Only one entry per return address will be accepted. The winner will be selected in a random drawing of all correct entries held on Friday, September 16, 1988. Listen for your telephone notification on Monday,
September 19th. Confirmation will follow by mail. Have your bags packed for the Getaway Weekend (Friday, Saturday, and Sunday), October 21-23 or 28-30 depending on your schedule.
The odd® of winning will depend on the number of correct entriee received. If the prize is not claimed, a second drawing will be held to award It. Taxes and duties on an prizes are the sole responsibility of the winner. Prizes are not transf enable, nor are they redeemable for cash
No purchase necessary. All federal, state, and local laws apply. Void wherever prohibited
Anyone ol any age may enter. Minora must be accompanied by parent or legal guardian to claim the prize. If the winner resides outside the US or Canada, the Amiga 2000 prize will be shipped to the winner at our expense. There will be no Getaway Weekend in this case. Employee* of IDG Communications Inc., Its affillaJe£T~aDt»Jdiariea, advertising and pro* motion agendas, and their families are not eligible to enter.
Entry constitutes permission to use the winner’s name, photograph, or other likenesses for promotional purposes without further compensation to the winner. Submissions become the property of AmigaWortd and cannot be returned. AmigaWortd Is not responsible for lost, misdirected, or late mall. All entries received after September 16 are void and Ineligible for the drawing.
The winner and his or her companion assume all risks and dangers incidental to traveling to and from the site of the Getaway Weekend and to their stay during the Getaway Weekend, and agree that AmigaWortd, and IDG Communications Inc. and its affiliates, are not liable for any Injuries, loss, or other mishaps suffered during the period specified above.
88 Treasure Hunt
A Getaway Weekend for 2
1. Start your journey at the AmigaWorld editorial offices. Go west until you cross a state line.
2. In 1923, a famous resident of this state moved south by popular demand. Follow him to his new home.
3. Now, read the address on the mailbox and proceed to the capital of the state for which the street was named.
4. Catch “The Spirit” West out of town. Subtract the code number of the Amiga Basic Overflow error message and merge with another route. Where these divide follow the new route across two state lines and stop at the capital of your present state.
5. Continue on the same route, crossing three state lines until you reach the first large city.
6. Use a Beatles song to leave here by another route. Turn right when you come to the “Ketchup Road” at George’s place and do some sports math to find your next route: Divide the number of players on a
rugby (Union) team by the number on a basketball team; multiply that by the number on a cricket team; add the number of football player? Allowed on the field during a play. Continue in the same direction on the new route.
11. Shoot an eagle on the Masters’ 18th, add it to your score, and start “coasting” to the next place.
12. Here, look east and look west. Two lanterns in Old “Ollfe’s” place of worship will tell you which direction to go.
7. Cross the next state line and start thinking of the sponsor of the old TV show “Death Valley Days.” Use that Information and double it to find your next route.
8. Head towards a small hard place. When you get there, have a sports fantasy: Hit a grand slam home run, kick a field goal, score a touchdown, bowl a strike, score a hat trick, par a 150-yard hole, and sink a foul shot. Leave by the appropriate route.
9. Head to a place that three states helped name. Continue towards the state that contributed first until you reach a “7V Townr
10. Here, think of “Some Not Very Difficult Parts.” Add that to your present route to find your new route. Head in the Confederacy’s direction until you reach a city where you can make a “last stand.”
13. Proceed in that direction halfway across this new route. Think of something that Samuel Johnson, William Pitt, Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, et. Al might like after dinner. Follow this idea to the nearest state and go to its most well known city.
14. If you left this city by train at 4:45 pm, you should arrive at the town that is your next destination 6 hours and 3 minutes later.
15. Delete the fourth letter in the name of this place. It might now serve as a kind of nickname for another city about 400 or so miles away. Go there.
16. What would give this city the nickname suggested above is a tool that a particular group of men use in their work. Hop a plane and go to the town where the men who use this tool best are held in high respect. Wait here until next month for further instructions.
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from p. IS
but need occasional high-quality black- and-white print.
Because Shakespeare keeps your document and all related files in memory, 512K of RAM is barely enough to construct a simple one-page document. As memory diminishes, the system sometimes displays a message, but more often than not it hangs. Version 1.1 promises better memory management, with a memory monitor, but as it is, at least a megabyte is required to create publications of any complexity, and you’ll need two drives to avoid disk swapping.
Shakespeare is cleverly conceived, tightly written and well documented, although the two pages of on-line help just
refer you to the manual. I he tutorials
Text and graphics, Shakespeare style.
Are good, but no document examples are supplied (although the upgrade is to include design templates). A quick-refer- ence card would come in handy.
Shakespeare does a reasonable job of integrating text and graphics and creating color prints. Those needing small quantities of color prints will find it useful. Its ability to drive a PostScript printer is admirable, but future versions should provide greater control of the PostScript environment and enhanced typographic abilities. Professional Page is still the only Amiga program to provide a truly satisfying link to PostScript printers. I’m looking forward to the update.
Shakespeare Infinity Software 1144 65th St., Suite C Emeryville, CA 94608 415 420-1551 $ 225
Micron Amiga Memory Board
Three cheers for two megabytes.
By Morton A. Kevelson
WHEN MEMORY IS the issue, experienced Amiga users will agree that more is better.
Micron Technolog) aims to please with a two-megabyte memory board available in a variety of configurations.
All configurations start with the standard, 100-pin Zorro-2 card, with four- layer printed circuit structure containing embedded ground and power planes to minimize noise and crosstalk, socketed 256-kilobit 120-nanosecond dynamic RAM chips, and soldered logic chips. Purchased for the A2000, the board comes alone. I he A1000 design adds a single-slot chassis, with or without an external power supply, and the board is packaged in a single-slot chassis with self- contained power box for the A500.
The version I tested was installed in the 13%-inch deep, all-metal Amiga 500 chassis with a power switch, power indicator. And a pass-through option for the 86-pin bus. You can open the 6 x 3% x 3-inch power box for servicing. Its 2.0 ampere, five-volt rating should be adequate for the board, but not additional peripherals, and while the box generates positive and negative 12-volt outputs, the board does not appear to use these.
When installed on the side of an A500, the chassis extends two inches behind the CPU and to within one inch from the front. It looms nearly 314 inches above the keyboard, a position that may induce left-hand claustrophobia. If you plan to use the pass-through feature, you’ll need to open the box and pull a set of terminating resistors from their sockets.
To test the unit on an A2000, I simply opened the chassis, removed the board, and installed it in a slot.
This memory board is specified as having zero wait states. Because dynamic RAM chips, used for all Amiga RAM, tend to “forget” their contents, they need to be periodically “reminded" by the dynamic RAM controller. If the controller’s timing is not just right, the microprocessor must wait while the RAM is being refreshed. Zero-wait-stale design
insures that the refresh cycles will occur when the microprocessor is not accessing the RAM.
We all know, too painfully well, that RAM will not retain any of its data once the power is turned off or the Guru appears. The Micron board comes with a remedy for such losses: a utility disk containing the justly-famous recoverable RAM disk (rrd).
In operation the rrd behaves like a . Floppy drive with the VD0: designation. To use it, you must add the rrd device handler to the (levs directory on your Workbench disk, and modify the cievs mountlist and s startup-sequence files. (A file on the distribution disk will modify a
Micron's A500 chassis and companion card.
Copy of the Workbench disk to recognize the rrd.) I he resulting startup-sequence will copy all AmigaDOS files to VDO: when you power up. And then reassign the appropriate devices and directories to VDO:. On subsequent warm boots the file-copv process will be bypassed if VDO: already exists. The initial boot on my Amiga 2000 takes nearly four minutes and ends up with 790 kilobytes in VDO, but a warm boot requires only 45 seconds (these times include a 12-second check of the installed memory).
Using the Install-VDO utility, you can overwrite your existing startup-sequence and mountlist files. In some cases you may wish to combine the files with your own and edit the result. If you have a hard disk, for example, you will need to alter the mountlist and startup-sequence files. The one-megabyte default size lor VDO: can be easily changed.
The utility disk includes complete diagnostics software. The PUMemiesi pro*-
«i Ve really tracked down superior selection and service with Genie. I always knew Genie was ahead of the pack with the Starship Amiga RoundTable™ Special Interest Group, featuring over 4000 software files, dynamic bulletin boards, lively discussions and “tips” from the experts. And now I can sink my teeth into valuable information services like American Airlines EAASY SABRE™ personal reservation system, discount shopping with Comp-u-store Online® new and exciting multiplayer games and access to Dow Jones News Retrieval® And those Genie people are so dog-gone friendly!
You’re barking up the wrong tree if you don’t look to Genie for value, service and selection for your Amiga. Only Genie offers you so much for less.
Retrieve more online for less with Genie.
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gram checks the memory board in about 12 seconds, and MemTest performs a detailed, 34-minute analysis of the system. You must remove a jumper from the board to run MemTest under AmigaDOS
1. 2; A1000 owners can simply run it under version 1.1.
There are more utilities, too! A system monitor graphically displays memory usage, microprocessor utilization, and the number of running tasks. Activating the Clean- RAMDisk program immediately purges expansion memory of deleted files. The FastMem utility, designed for use with early Amiga programs that will not work properly with extra memory, effectively disconnects the expansion RAM,
Micron offers a one-year warranty on the board, which it will double if you mail your registration card within 30 days of purchase. This feature and the software bonus, plus the fact that it strikes me as a well-designed product, make the Micron Amiga memory board well worth considering.
Micron Amiga Memory Board Micron Technology Inc.
2805 E. Columbia Rd.
Boise, ID 83706
$ 595 (A500), $ 550 (A 1000), $ 495 (A2000) No special requirements.
This genlock lives up to its name.
By Wayland Strickland
PROGRESSIVE IMAGE TECHNOLOGY, makers of the popular Video Charley for the PC, set out to develop a broadcast- qualitv genlock for the Amiga. The result is SuperGen.
SuperGen functions with all Amiga models. The device consists of a single circuit board enclosed in a 9x7x 2-inch metal case, with two switches and two slide controls. One switch, a 3.58 Mhz notch filter, lessens flicker and rainbow patterns by reducing the video-signal resolution. The second permits software control of both foreground and background dissolves, either simultaneously or individually. A graphics slider controls the amount of foreground graphics keyed over video, while a background slider dissolves between external video and the computer-generated background.
The sliders function only if the unit is receiving sync from an external video source, yet the notch filter works whether receiving sync from an external source or the internal sync generator.
Two LEDs are located on the top of the genlock. One signifies when software is controlling the dissolve sliders. The other, a power indicator, not only tells you whether the unit is on, but also distinguishes between internal (red light) and external (green) sync generation, and an attempt to sync to an inferior external source (yellow).
Five BNC connectors hook the unit to professional video equipment. They are: key out (a black-and-white signal for connection to downstream or external kev- ers on video switchers), composite video input, loop through (to connect other equipment requiring the same video as the genlock), and two video overlayed outputs, the signals from which arc identical. Because consumer video gear uses standard RCA connectors, you’ll need an inexpensive adapter (from an electronics store) to link such pieces.
SuperGen connects to the Amiga's RGB port via a four-foot ribbon cable specially shielded to prevent radio-frequency interference. While the cable on early units does not connect solidly, the manufacturer informed me that a different case, designed to correct this problem, is being shipped with new units.
On the back of the genlock are eight dip switches (one unused), that permit various configurations: video termination to 75 ohms, a blanking source (internal or external), fast tie clamp (DC restore for use with broadcast equipment), setup adder (adds a setup value of 7! IRK a video-level measurement standard developed by the Institute of Radio Engineers to the computer’s graphics), key level (either one volt P-P 75 ohm terminated or transistor-transistor logic levels), four-line offset (used to correct centering of software designed for the Commodore genlock), and field select (to determine the starting field of video data according to your Amiga model).
Testing One, Two
SuperGen genlocks to any NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) interlaced video source, and will switch to its built-in RS-170A generator if no signal is present. SuperGen's composite- video out conforms to the RS-170A standard when syncing from either an external source or the generator. I verified this using a waveform monitor and vectorscope.
I used the same set of color bars throughout my tests. The waveform monitor showed the white bar at 100 IRE, chroma at 20 to -20, and sync being
- 40; exactly as they should be. I used the setup adder to insure that the blacks would not be too black (some older video equipment has problems with black being at exactly 0 IRE), flic vectorscope showed that again SuperGen synced right on target, both externally and internally.
To see if SuperGen would function properly with a broadcast switcher (I tried it with a Sony SEG-2550), I connected it in two configurations: to the downstream kever, and as a standard video source. I plugged blackburst from the house svnc generator into the video input of the SuperGen, and made sure the termination switch was enabled.
Then I hooked one of the video overlay outputs to the downstream keyers video input on the SEG-2550. I joined Super- Gen’s key output to the switcher's down- stream-keyer's key input and loaded Pro Video CGI (PVS Publishing). Finally, I typed in text of different colors and font sizes, adjusted the key level on the switcher, and Presto! all keyed as well as, or better than, our studio's ten thousand-dollar Chyron character generator.
To join SuperGen with the SEG-2550 switcher as a standard video input, 1 connected a video-overlay output of SuperGen to one of the switcher's video inputs (these inputs can be cameras, VTRs or character generators) again with the house sync generator supplying blackburst to SuperGen’s video input. Here too, SuperGen genlocked correctly. Using an interlaced picture for a background, I discovered only one problem: the subcarrier (tint) was approximately 80 degrees out of phase. To remedy this,
I inserted a video delay, capable of adjusting the subcarrier, between the black- burst cable and SuperGen. Once in line and adjusted, no other difficulties arose. Progressive Image Technology is currently developing a source synchronizer to address this concern. ?
...real-time, LIVE! Video on your Amiga’s screen.
• True Color: just as it comes from your video source: camera, VCR, TV, anything. Direct, moving, in your Amiga's memory...our patented technology.
• Fast: video images in black & white, 32-co.lo.r, and 4,096-color HAM. See 15 new images everv second in black & white, 12 in color, 4 in HAM.
• Save: moving video, play it back, use it in other programs. Unlimited stills, too.
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9 Roll Your Own: programmer's video library, hardware documentation, examples in C, Basic.
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SuperGen does not degrade the incoming signal by decoding it into RGB components and re-encoding it with graphics overlayed. It simply encodes the Amiga’s RGB into RS-170A composite video and overlays or keys the graphics on incoming video (similar to downstream keyers on broadcast switchers).
To see if SuperGen would lock to a camera or an non-time base corrected VTR, 1 connected a cable from an Ike- gami 730AP studio camera to the videoin of the SuperGen, and one of the video overlay outputs to a studio monitor. Once again I loaded Pro Video CGI and typed several lines of text in varying sizes and colors. I experimented with the sliders at every conceivable level. The results were very impressive; the lettering was clean and the picture quality as good upon reaching the monitor as it was when entering the genlock. 1 tried this test on the output of pre-recorded I- inch, -inch VTRs and 54-inch VCRs (Beta and VHS) with the same results.
SuperGen’s software permits you to make smooth transitions. It is easy to understand and is not required for day-to- day use with one exception: the A500 and 2000 do not automatically start to interlace when connected to a genlock. To correct this you must execute a short program in the startup sequence. Two files on the disk permit you to interface programs with SuperGen’s remote-con- trol mode. Some software (Video Titler by Aegis, for one) already supports this mode, and others (PVS Publishing's Pro Video Plus) are looking at adding it.
I have used my SuperGen for five months on my A1000 with a two-megabyte memory expansion, an external drive, Mimetic's sound sampler and Digi- View (NewTek); all connected without any problems. I also tried it on an A500 with no difficulties. Because of a design inconsistency on the A2000 motherboard though, occasional problems have arisen with it. Not to worry though, Progressive Image Technology lias been able to get every SuperGen to work properly.
I cannot recommend SuperGen enough for its performance and versatility. The price is considerably less than a separate RGB video encoder, and you get a built-in downstream keycr. But by far SupcrGen's most outstanding feature is the unique notch filter. The unit is slightly expensive for the home user, but dollar for dollar, I do not think you will be disappointed.
Progressive Image Technology distributed by Digital Creations 1333 Howe Ave., Suite 208 Sacramento, CA 95825 916 344-4825 $ 749.95
No special requirements.
Tools, toys, and tricks for gadget- happy programmers.
By Bryce Nesbitt
NOVICE AMIGA PROGRAMMERS are often surprised to learn that some common constructs, such as scrolling Iist ?
BE THE MASTER TRY SOUND QUEST
USE OUR "MUSICIAN FRIENDLY" EDITOR LIBRARIANS DESIGNED FOR THE AMIGA AND SOON THE PC1
For More Information Contact:
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Dedicated to your Music Software Needs 5 Glenaden Ave. E. Toronto, Canada
When you want to talk Amiga ... you want to talk to us
KX-Pl091i 194cps, 80 col
NX-1000 144cps, 80 col......
NX-1000 Rainbow Color.....
NX-15 120cps, 132 col
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A500 2000 to Parallel .
AC Basic .....
AC Fortran ..
Animator Images ....
Draw Plus ...
Easyl 500 ...
Easyl 2000 ..
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Enhancer 1.2 Dos ...
Marauder II ..
ECE MIDI 500 1000 2000
410 A W G 169.00
Color 600 Hi-Res RGB .349.00
506 RGB Comp Analog 199.00
515 RGB Comp Analog .279.00
873 Multimode 489.00
Volksmodem 12300 1200 ......99.99
Signalman Exp. 1200 ext......199.00
Omega 80 300 1200 ...119.00
Smartmodem 300 ....139.00
Smartmodem 1200 ...299.00
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Parrot 1200 ...119.00
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MCC Pascal ..
Dynamic Cad .
MICRO SYSTEMS SOFTWARE
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109. 00 ,66.99
Alegra 512K ... CALL
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Multisync Plus ......1099.00
4160 RGB Comp Analog 319.00
4375M Ultrascan .....529.00
“Call for Custom Cables”
MIMETICS SOUND Sampler $
Midi-Interface A500 ....49.99
Pro Studio So.undscape 129.00
Amigen Genlock .....159.00
Pro Write 79.99
NEW TEK INC.
Digi View 2.0 .139.00
Digi Paint .. .44.99
Publisher Plus .64.99
Maxiplan 500 ..96.99
Maxiplan Plus 134.00
Money Mentor .. 59.99
Flight Simulator II .....39.99
Jet Flight Simulator ...37.99
True Basic Lang 69.99
Libraries (ea.) ..39.99
VIP Professional .....112.00
WordPerfect ... 199.00
TV Show .... 64.99
TV Text ...64.99
Zuma Fonts (ea.) ... 24.99
A500 1.5MB W OK ....289.00
A1000 1.5MB W OK 299.00
Clock Opt A500 Board ..39.99
MD2-DM DS DD5V4” ......9.49
MFD2-DDM DS DD3V2” 19.49
MD2D DS DD 5Va" ......9.49
MFD-2DD DS DD 31 2M ..19.49
WORD PERFECT CORPORATION Wordperfect
Deluxe Music ..62.99
Deluxe Paint II . .97,99
Deluxe Video 1.2 ......97.99
Financial Plus 189.00
Pagesetter w Text Ed ...89.99
Comic Setter ..64.99
Pro Video CGI 149.00
Font Library I or II ea ...64.99
SUPRA 20 MB (A2000)
C. LTD (500, 1000, 2000)
33MB (2000)..... 899.00
44 MB (2000) .1199.00
50 MB (2000) .1229.00
Call for 500 100 Prices
M-1109 100cps Dot Matrix 179.00
LX-800 150cps; 80 col ..179.00
FX-86E 240cps; 80 col .289.00
FX-286E 240cps; 132 col. ______399.00
LQ-850 24 wire 80 col ..529.00
Okimate 20 Coior .....129.00
ML-182 + 180cps, 80 col......249.00
ML-193 + 200cps, 132 coi.....469.00
KX-P1080i 120cps, 80 col......175.00
20MB 31 2” 40MS .....349.00
20MB 31 2” 65MS .....319.00
SUPRA (500, 1000, 2000)
20MB (2000) ..649.00
30MB (2000) .....729.00
60MB (2000) .1399.00
Call for 500 1000 Prices
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boxes, are not part of the operating system. This leaves the poor programmers to roll their own using the low-level tools that the Amiga does supply unless they have InovaTools.
InovaTools closely resembles Intuition, the Amiga user interface toolbox. Except for the fact that you’ll need to look in a different manual for documentation, you might never know the difference. I novo* tronics has duplicated all of the tools and include files that Commodore supplies for dealing with standard libraries. The program is all set up for calling from Lattice C, Manx C. or Amiga Basic. You don't even have to use it as a library; you can optionally link InovaTools directly into your program.
The manual is excellent. A summary, modeled after the ones in the Amiga manuals, is supplied for each function. Fortunately, there is one major difference; the author of the InovaTools manual has more than just a passing acquaintance with the English language.
Soup to Nuts
The 57 different functions range from a few silly baubles hardly worth the trouble to call, all the way up to major blockbusters. The most significant are a list manager for creating scrolling boxes (of text or anything else), draggable gadgets similar to Workbench icons, knobs for creating 360-degree rotational controls, a 11 le requester (not great, but better than starting from scratch), pop-up menus (they work like normal menus but can appear anywhere on the screen), and fancy open and close window calls with flashy zoom-box effects.
Inovotronics provides a demonstration program in C to give some guidance in getting started. While all of InovaTools’
INCLUDE structures must be hand coded, Inovotronics promises that version 2.5 of their popular Power Windows utility will automate this.
InovaTools does not come with source code. If a bug or missing feature becomes a problem, you may just end up stuck. Inovotronics has promised to update the product, and you may need to take them up on the offer. I found it moderately buggy; with several random* synchronization and error-handling problems that cause crashes.
InovaTools makes quick work of some very tedious programming chores. If your time is worth anything to you, InovaTools will probably pay for itself on the first use. Even if your interest is purely recreational, InovaTools can give your program a professional touch.
InovaTools Inovotronics Inc.
11311 Stemmons Freeway, Suite 8 Dallas, TX 75229 214 241-9515 $ 79.95
No .special requirements.
A penny-wise proxy.
By Sheldon Leemon
HAD ACCOLADE S GRAPHICS Studio appeared about two years earlier, it would have been regarded as a worthy competitor to paint programs such as CraphiCraft and Aegis Images. But ?
Our new FORMS IN FLIGHT II makes short work ot creating in 3d. Fast, high quality images; fancy curves and curved surfaces; easy and smooth animations; and high resolution printer support - these are all just a lew mouse clicks away.
Bfielaai (CA residents please add 6% sales tax)
FIF II * 110
Upgrades from 1.x $ 25
* Demo 01 ak $ it
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want to discover the full potential of this powerful machine. And save nearly 47% off the cover price. Enter my one year subscription to AmigaWorld for the low price of $ 24.97. If I’m not satisfied at any time, I will receive a full refund no questions asked.
For a computer as extraordinary as the Amiga?1 you need a magazine that can match its excellence,
Amiga World is the only magazine which provides you ‘ with ideas and information to get maximum performance from the Amiga’s tremendous power and versatility.
Each issue gives you valuable insights to boost your productivity and enhance your creativity.
Whether you choose the Amiga as a serious business tool for its speed and multi-tasking capabilities... or for its superb graphics, drawing, color, (over 4,000 colors), and animation ... or for its state-of-the-art music and speech ... or for its scientific and CAD abilities, AmigaWorld can help you achieve superior results.
With its timely news features, product announcements and reviews, useful operating tips, and stunning graphics, AmigaWorld is as dynamic as the market it covers.
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Amiga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga. Inc 387B2
Amiga graphics software has come a long way since then. DeluxePaint and DeluxePaint II (Electronic Arts) set new standards with advanced editing features and easy-to-use interface. Now that standard is being challenged by third-generation packages offering 3-D image mapping, overscan, and true all-mode editing. Consequently, Graphics Studio can only he viewed as a low-cost alternative to state-of-the-art paint packages.
Novelties to Please
This isn't to say that Graphics Studio does not contain useful, unique features. The program conies with a full assortment of drawing tools, including freehand, line, box, and circle tools. The box tool lets you draw rectangles with squared or rounded corners. You can outline or fill circles, ovals, and boxes, and draw a series of concentric figures as .well. You can also specify that the interior of a box be Filled with grid squares. The Graphics Studio’s fill tool is the only one I've seen that uses the inherent power of Amiga graphics routines to fill over one or several colors, until a border color is reached. It also lets you fill in horizontal and vertical stripes, and draw filled polygons with freehand curves. One tool lets you type in text, and keeps the block "floating" until you position and then anchor it by clicking the mouse button.
A number of options let you modify the effects of the tools. You can select five degrees of thickness, and eight shapes for your drawing brush including a text shape. You can also choose a density pattern ranging from solid to a thin spray. This allows you to "airbrush” not only freehand, but with any of the drawing tools, such as the box and circle tools. Similarly, a fill pattern can be used for drawing as well as filling. You can select one of 32 colors and one of six patterns for your drawing pen, to create a circle using a plaid airbrush, for example.
The Graphics Studio includes a number of special effects including mirror draw and color rotation. Some of the unique effects are the shadow mode, which allows you to automatically create a drop shadow behind your drawing, and filled-shape outlining, which allows you to specify that a line be drawn
around any shape, using current brush settings. The repeat feature allows vou to clone the last geometric shape drawn. Other features include a spare screen area you can swap with the normal screen, printing capabilities, and a clip (brush) tool which allows you to copy or cut rectangular areas of the screen, then size, rotate, or flip them.
The program's user interface is quite unconventional. In addition to the normal menu bar, strips of tool icons cover the top and bottom of the screen, obscuring about a quarter of the drawing area. These icons offer multiple selections in the form of pop-up menus. It's possible to clear them from the screen, but since there are no keyboard equivalents for the functions the icons offer, you will need to restore them frequently. Also unusual is the fact that menus change according to the program context. Rather than ghosting items that are inappropriate, as is customary, the Graphics Studio removes them from the menu bar entirely, replacing them with other choices.
The documentation is adequate, but not outstanding. Information about ?
flickerFixer and Microway
are trademarks of Microway, Inc. Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore. Multisync is o registered trademark of NtC.
FlickerFixer eliminates your Amiga 2000 s interlace flicker and visible scan lines. The result: superior quality color or monochrome graphics and text for a full range of demanding applications, including CAD, desktop publishing, graphics, and video.
FlickerFixer fits into the Amiga video slot, is fully compatible with all user software, and does not modify the standard Amiga video signals. The board also upgrades the Amiga 2000 with a flicker free 4096 color palette, has an overscan mode that features a screen size of 704x470 pixels and drives most of the popular PC EGA and VGA monitors, including the NEC Multisync and Mitsubishi XC1429C.
Advanced Graphics Adapter For The AMIGA"" 2000
flickerFixer is priced at S595. It is mode in the USA by Microway, Inc. “The World Leader in PC Numerics" since
1982. For more information or to order, call Microway Sales at (617) 746-7341 or your Amiga Dealer.
P. O. Box 79 Kingston, Mass. 02364 USA (6171746-7341 32 High St.,
NOW FCC CLASS B APPROVED
Kingston-Upon-Thames, U.K., 01-541-5466
CHECK US OUT! WE MAKE IT EASY
0 SERVICE 0 SUPPORT 0 SELECTION 0 PRICES 0 GUARANTEE
Page Flipper ...35
Photon Paint 65
Photon Video Cell ..... 105
Photon Video Translator .195
Pix Mate 45
Print Master Plus 33
Print Msl Fonts Borders .22
33 33 29 33
25 29 33 33 55 45 52 33
Hunt lor Red October 33
Ice Hockey” NEW" .call
Indoor Sports ... 33
Insanity .. 27
Into the Eagles Nest ..... 29
Jet” NEW” . 35
Jewels of Darkness .....22
Karate Kid 2 .. 27
King of Chicago .33
King s Quesl 1. 2 OR 3 EA 33
Knight Ore 29
Land al Legends 32
Leaderboard . 26
Marble Madness 33
Mean 18 ..29
Moebius ... 39
Phantasie 3 ...27
Phasar GUN ” NEW ” .40
Plutos .... 22
Port ol Call 32
Power Pak GAMES ...2E
Return to Atlantis ......33
Road Europa ... 29
Roadwar20Q .. 27
Rocket Ranger . 33
Rogue .... 27
Romantic Encounter ...... 27
S. D.I ..... 33
Shadow Gate ... 33
Silent Service .. 33
Silicon Dreams . 23
Sinbad ... 33
Smooth Talker .33
Space Quest ... 33
Star Fleet 1 39
Star Glider ...... 29
Stellar Conflict ... 27
Strip Poker 29
Tass Times in Tonetown . 27
Tele Games 24
Tele Wars 27
Test Drive . 29
Thexder” NEW” ... 25
Three Stooges " NEW ” 32
Timebandits ... 27
Turbo .... 19
Ultima 3 ..29
Ultima 4 ..39
Video Vegas ...25
Wrath ol Nicodian ......27
Gold Spell ......
LPO Writer ..... .....
Laser Script ....
Lex Check .....
Softwood Write File .
Discovery Expansion Disks Discovery Titles ALL-CALL Fairy Tale Adventures ...
First Letters ...
First Shapes ...
Great States 2 ..
Linkword Foreign Lang EA Little Computer People ... MastertypeImproved ...
Math Talk .....
Perfect SAT Score _______
Senor Tutor ....
Speller Bee ....
AC FORTRAN Asscmpro .. Atalk Plus ..
Aztec Professional .. Benchmark Modula 2 Bulcher2.0 ......
. 35 115 . 64 . 64 . 95
Project D Silver .. TV Show TV Text . Video Tiller
CLI Male ..
DOS-2 DOS 35
Diskmaster ,...... 39
FACC II ... 25
Lattice C Professional ... 179
Lattice C Regular .. 129
MauraderZ ... 25
Online .... 45
Power Windows 2 EA ... 59
True BASIC .. 59
Video Toaster .. calf
Videoscape 3D .... 125
Audio Master ..39
Deluxe Music ..70
Dynamic Drums 52
Dynamic Sludio ... 129
Hotlicks . 34
Instant Music .. 34
Music Mouse .... 55
Music Studio ... 34
Music X . 195
Studio Magic .. 65
Synlhia ... 65
Alien Fire ..
Archon 2 .,
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BMX Challenge .....
Balance ol Power ...
Bard's Tate .
.. . 33
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Block Buslers ......
. .. 33
Bridge 5.0 .
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Capone ” NEW” ..
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. . 27
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. . . 33
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Fire Power .
. .. 19
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High Roller .
Page Setter ... 90
Professional Pages .....249
Publisher Plus .. 64
Publishing Partner ..... 129
Shakespeare . 149
Analytic Art ...40
Animate 3D 99
Animator Ellects 33
Animator Flipper 27
Animator’s Apprentice ....195
Animator Images .... 85
Award Maker Plus call
Bumper Sticker Maker ..... 37
Business Card Maker ... 37
Calligrapher ... 82
Calligrapher 4-Pak ..... 59
Centerfolds .. call
City Desk .. 99
Color Separator 129
Comic Setter ... 65
Deluxe Paint 2.0 ... 92
Deluxe Photo Lab ...... 70
Deluxe Print ... 70
Deluxe Video ..... 92
Dig! Paint . 40
Digi Viow 2 ... 129
Director .. 49
Draw Plus 165
Dynamic CAD .... 249
Express Paint 2 . 52
Graphics Studio ... 39
Home Builder’s CAO ... 129
Impact .. 59
Intro CAD . 52
Lights .... 52
KFS Accountant ..
Money Mentor ... Nimbus Accounting
P. H A.S.A R.....
The Works ......
. 65 . 69 195 39 69 . 95 . 61 129
Solid Products • Solid Support
P. O. Box 129, 56 Noble St. Kutztown, PA 19530
TOLL-FREE 24 HOURS 1-800-638-5757
Superbase Personal . Superbase Professional
189 . 52 . 95 . 69 . 52 . 95 199
WE GUARANTEE YOUR SATISFACTION
Analyze 2.0 ... 94
Haicalc ...... 39
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Maxiplan Plus .129
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Dynamic Word 129
Fleet Check 27
Flow ..... 65
If. For any reason, you are not satisfied wdh your selection wdhm 15 days ol yaur receiot. Simply return the product to us. We will either issue you lull C'edit for exchange on another selection, or refund your purchase price, less S5.00 for restocking and handling. Defective items are replaced free ol charge! J
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Ultra DOS Utilities - Module I is the ultimate file handling and backup system for the Amiga series ol computers. Ultra DOS brings the simplicity and ease ol use of
the intuition operating system lo AmigaDOS. Use UliraDOS to:
• Perform virtually all AmigaDOS functions a! The click o‘ a mouse button
• Copy delete files from to any legal AmigaDOS device
* Copy by simple or complex wild card patterns
• Copy by creation dale, volume device or directory
* Quickly and easly install even ihe most complex software on your hard drive
• Backup valuable files on a floppy or hard drive
* Perform whole hard drive backup with multi-forma! Leaiure
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• Preview IFF picture files
* Set & clear all types of file protection
Ultra DOS Ulilities - Module J supporls "balch' selection o! Tiles lor copy delelion and allows file selection across directory or volume boundaries greatly easing software installation on hard drives. Lllra DOS uses double buffering for lightning fast copies Since Ultra DOS does not monopolize the CPU to achieve us speed, muili-tasking is fully supported Ultra DOS auto-conligures to multi-hard drive systems or multi-partitions Ullra DOS will support more Ihan 10 meg ol memory Ultra DOS is compatible with all Amiga versions (512K Amiga required)
Ultra DOS Utilities - Module I makes all other intuition based DOS utilities Vbsofele___onty S39
The ‘Kickstart’rM Guide to the AMIGA...
A most comprehensive guide to operating the AMIGA r A best seller in Europe finally offered in the US!
ADR IA DM: SOFTWARE LTD with Uliimttr f>rC5S
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changing color palettes and screen resolution, for example, are relegated to a chapter called Advanced Features. The program includes a number of sample pictures, as well as a slicle-show program for exhibiting your artwork. The program disk is, alas, copy-protected, using a key-disk scheme.
A Stubborn Streak
Despite its many novel features, the Graphics Studio is lacking in some fundamental areas. First, the program works in one of two fixed resolution modes, 320x200 with 32 colors, or 640x200 with 16 colors. Considering that there arc over 20 distinct display modes available on the Amiga, restricting this program to two seriously impairs its usefulness. For example, because Workbench icons use only two color bitplanes (four colors) and DeluxeVideo (Electronic Arts) uses images with eight colors, you can’t use the Graphics Studio to edit pictures for either. Sharing files with other applications is difficult, too. This operation often requires saving a small picture file (a clip or brush); but unlike most paint programs, Graphics
Studio will not save images smaller than full-screen size. The title bar doesn’t contain any depth-arrangement gadgets either, making it difficult to switch between Graphics Studio and a program that uses a custom screen. In short, while the program works well by itself, it does little to cooperate with others, an important factor to consider when selecting software for your multitasking Amiga.
The program’s most serious flaw though, pertains to color cycling, a feature that enables you to do a limited form of animation by changing the colors assigned to the registers. While most paint programs cycle by shifting the color in each register one slot forward or backward, the Graphics Studio lets you cycle whole color palettes. For each step in the cycle, you can specify exactly which color will appear in each register and the amount of time the palette is to remain on screen. A problem arises when the program saves this information in the picture file. Instead of conforming to the IFF standard (maintained by Commodore to ensure that programs may freely exchange data), Graphics Studio’s programmers chose to tack the cycling information onto the end of the file’s BODY chunk. The proper way to introduce a new IFF feature is to register a chunk type with Commodore, so that other programs will be able to incorporate the new format. Such disregard for the standard makes it doubtful that the Graphics Studio will ever be able to exchange color-cycling information with another application.
Although there is certainly room for low-priced, no frills software on the market, such programs must meet the basic needs of Amiga users. Translations of programs designed for the Apple IIGS or Atari ST, as the Graphics Studio is, won't do. 1 lie Graphics Studio may be considered a powerful low-end paint package on those computers, but because of its limitations, the Amiga version is destined for also-ran status.
The Graphics Studio
20813 Stevens Creek Blvd.
Cupertino, CA 95014
408 446-5757 $ 44,95
512K required. ?
15,000 Amiga Users & 150 Amiga Companies Have Discovered T Amiga Event!
Where the World Comes to See the Amiga! Chicago Hyatt Regency Hotel - July 22-24,1988
Three Days of Seminars, Exhibitions, Entertainment, Business, Video
The Best in the Amiga Market
For a More Information, or to Pre-Register Call 800-32-AMIGA (in New York State 212-867-4663) MasterCard and Visa accepted.
Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore-Amiga, Inc. AmiEXPO Headquarters
AmiEXPO is a trademark of Ami Associates, Inc. 211 East 43rd Street, Suite 301 New York, NY 10017
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THE FIRST THING that strikes you is the gorgeous introductory screen, a recreation of the box cover. The second thing to strike you is that Terrorpods seems arduous. Because of this, the third thing strikes quickly. It’s the “death screenand it, too, is stunning.
Actually, the game’s difficulty is illusory. You can’t play Terrorpods simply by looking at the screen; you must read the instructions, which make it seem awfully complicated. This is unfortunate, because it could turn people away from what is a very good game.
Once past the rather steep learning curve, playing Terrorpods is both challenging and fun. The genre is science fiction, and the setting is the remote mining colony Colian. Once a Federation colony, the planet has been taken over by the evil Empire as production center for the monstrous terrorpods agile war vehicles capable of tre
mendous destruction, but themselves nearly indestructable.
The Federation has sent you to Colian with a defense strategy vehicle (DSV) and small trading vehicle to learn how terrorpods are made. You do this by collecting completed terrorpod parts.
Colian has ten sub-colonies, each with mining bases, refineries, and manufacturing centers. Your DSV carries various minerals, which you trade with the installations. By trading, you acquire terror- pod components and die minerals you need to survive.
Staying alive isn’t easy, though. The Empire knows your mission. They’ll fire at you even send operating terrorpods to destroy their own camps in order to foil you. First you need fuel; luckily, it’s not hard to come by. You also need deton ite to blast terrorpods, spoilers, and incoming missiles, zenite to activate your defense shields, and quaza to rebuild installations. Manufacturing centers require aluma, the scarcest mineral, in order to complete their parts.
A strategy map helps you plot your moves. Radio transmissions can obtain emergency supplies and protect key centers. Your missile system, while not easy to use, is the only means of destroying a terrorpod for good.
Terrorpods is fascinating, even addictive. Whether you speak English, American. German, French, Danish, Swedish, or Nnrweigan, the game knows your language. It needs a new manual, perhaps an on-screen tutorial, and a way to save games to disks other than the program disk. The only bug I found is that words are sometimes superimposed on one another and become unreadable, but this is lar from fatal. Graphically it’s superb and the game play is smooth and enjoyable. 1 recommend Terrorpods to all ac- tion-strategy buffs! ($ 34.95, Psygnosis Ltd., distributed by Computer Software Sendees, 2150 Executive Dr., Addison, IL 60101, 800 422-4912. 512K required.
Neil Randall ¦
Professional display and animation language for the Amiga"
Envision a creative freedom you’ve only dreamed about. Imagine page flipping, color cycling, text generation, even IFF ANIM animations, all combined at the same time on the same screen. Now, from the simplest slideshow to the most sophisticated desktop video production, that dream comes true with The Director.
• Use any IF images, any resolution, any number of colors
• Fades, Dissolves, Blits, Wipes. Stencils ¦ Page flip full or partial screens
• Preload images, fonts and sounds up to your memory limit
• Flexible script-based structure
• Basic-like vocabulary: For Next, Gosub Retum, H Else Endif
• Arithmetic expressions, random number generator, variables
• Execute AmigaDOS commands from the script
• Text string and file input and output
• Keyboard and mouse interaction
• Digitized soundtrack module « Supports HAM and overscan
DEMO DISKS $ 10 each Probe Sequence (512K) RGB (1 meg)
• Supports IF ANIM playback
• Built in drawing commands
• No copy protection
• And much more...
The Right Answers Group $ 69.95
Box 3699 • Torrance, CA 90510 Check or money order payable to:
(213) 325-1311 Right Answer*
Plus S3 shipping and handling Cal om*a Amiga It a trademark ol CommodoiwArnlga. Me. Twid*rt*odd6Vrtial**lax.
Ameristar Internet Package
Use your Amiga 2000 in Unix Network environments with Ameristar's Software Hardware Solution. Now your Amiga can share files transparently with other systems using NFS, Login to other hosts and act as a networked Multitasking workstation terminal while still running native Amiga applications!
10 Mbit s Ethernet controller. Industry standard NFS. SI Support of TCP UDP IP protocols.
B FTP, TELNET with VTI00 emulation.
B Unix compatible Socket interface. Diagnostics
For more information contact
47 Whittier Avenue Medford, NY 1 1763
NFS is a trademark of Sun Microsystems. Amina a trademark of Commodore Business Machines, Ethernet is a trademark of Xerox Corp. and Unix is a trademark of AT&T Bell Laboratories.
THE READERS’ CHOICE
DECEMBER’S READERS’ CHOICE AWARDS may seem a long way off, but we have already started counting ballots here at AmigaWorld. If ihe sheer number of votes is any indication, DehixePaint II, WordPerfect, Marble Madness, Marauder II, and Earl Weaver Baseball are the top five programs. What counts, though, is the ratings on the ballots, not the number received. Your opinions varied greatly; overall ratings for WordPerfect scored from 2.S3 to 10. Here’s how the individual races are shaping up:
Creativity (graphics, video, music, desktop publishing)
Ease of Use
DeluxePaint II (Electronic Arts)
Sculpt 3-D (Byte by Byte)
Faery Tale Adventure (Microlllusions)
Fire Power (Microlllusions)
Earl Weaver Baseball (Electronic Arts)
HARDWARE (memory expansion, hard drives, digitizers, genlocks)
TimeSaver (C Ltd)
Insider (Michigan Soft.)
Ease of Installation
Ease of Use
HOME (educational, finance)
Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing (Electronic Arts)
PHASAR (Finally Soft.)
Hailey Project (Mindscape)
PRODUCTIVITY (spreadsheets, databases, accounting, telecommunications, word processors)
Microfiche Filer (Software Visions) WordPerfect (Wt I Perfect)
Analyze! (Micro-Systems Software)
Programming (languages, utilities) AztecC (Manx)
Metacomco Shell (Metacomco)
Sam Basic (Parkway Pomp. Consult.)
IMlSCELLANEOUS (whatever is left)
Marauder II (Discovery)
CLImate (Prog. Periph. & Soft.)
Ease of Use 10
Ease of Use
Ease of Use
Advanced Features 10
In the comments column, you are all in agreement on several points. Product documentation can stand a good deal of improvement. Abysmal was a popular term. I he discrepancy between what software advertisements promise and what the product delivers is too great. In a loud chorus, you also objected to the discrepancy between the promised release dates of products and their actual (much later) release dates. Are you listening, developers?
11 you don t agree with the current ratings or opinions, you can voice your views until the polls close September I, 1988.
Mail your votes to The Readers’ Choice, Amiga World, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458.
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Deluxe Video 1 2
Dprint Data Disk .....
Earl Weaver Baseball ...
... $ 29
Nev Tech. Color Book .
One on One
... $ 19
Archon II ....
Ferrari Formula 1
. $ 35
Arts Pad 1
. $ 19
Reach fcr the Stars. .
Arts Part II
Return to Atlantis
Awesome Arcade Pak,
Hot & Cool Jazz Disk .
Battle Dro dz .
Hunt lor Red October .
Seasons & Holidays .
Black Cauldron .
Seven Cities ol Gold. .
ChessMaster 2030 .
. $ 30
Instant Music Data
Deluxe Paint li ..
King's Quest 1.2,3
Space Quest II. .
Deluxe PhotoLab .
Deluxe Print II......
Winnie the Pooh
Cw A t rflff -|ggg Teams Disk with Ear! Weaver Buy 2 Get 1 Free Call for Details!
Why buy from GO AMIGA?
NEW PRODUCTS ARRIVE DAILY!
EVEN MORE SOFTWARE!
FACC II .
Benchmark Mod 2
C Interface Library
Award Maker ......
Sound Lab .....
Express Paint . . .
Publisher +... . .
Softwood Fi e Itsg.
Write 6 File
Zuma Fonts (ea }
BYTE BY BYTE
?4,*' Sculpt Animate Jr
4,*' Sculpt Animate Pro
DISK 2-QiSK tn Slock ’
Precisely .... .
Defender of Crown
King of Chicago
Lords ot Rising Sun
Three Stooges . In Slock>
Hoi Licks .....
Video Ellects 3D
InovaTools 1 ...
Galaxy Fight ..
Garrison II .....
Studio Fonts ...
Pro Video CGI .
Pro Video Plus
Foni Library 1 ______
Font Library 2
Conv, w Ccmp
Talking Color Book
KCS Sequencer In Stock! Other Products Call EAGLE TREE
Butcher 2 0 $ 25
Amiga Karate $ 2-
ntJ Ethos Casino Fever S 32
xjiJ Pro Sound Designer. Cat!
Emerald Mines..- S 18
Flip Flop ..S 15
k. »' Fortress Underground S 16
i. ,.1 Bool Camp S 31
i,t.‘ Contra $ 31
K *' Jackal S 31
x,.-' Rusb'n Attack Call
LAKE FOREST LOGIC
Kt»' Disk Mechanic ...$ 67
Arm ..... Call
dbProfessionai .. Call
H. -' Amiga C++ Call
C - Regular $ 163
C - Professional.. $ 284
dbC HI Library S119
Other Products Call
Big Picture . Call
LION'S AMIGA ART STUDIO
Font Sets 16 2 S 25
Newsletter Fonts . S 25 LYNN S LUNA C
WBExtras $ 25
MAGIC BYTES m*' Pnk Panther $ 34
Ki»' Sky Chase Call
Aztec C - Devel S199
Aztec C - Prof $ 149
Library Source Call
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Karate King .
Larne 6 the Ardies
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n,.1 Defcon 5.
Gizmos 2 0
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Amegas. . ..
14,*' Clever 5 Smart.....
Mt.1 Final Mission
OX Series ...
Grabbit .. ....
Fued S 18
Min|a Mission 5 18
Space Ranger S 18
Demonslratcr S 27
Zing ......$ 49
Zing Keys , ....S 36
Zing Spell $ 33
Liso $ 154
Make $ 57
Pascal $ 68
Shell ...$ 45
Toolkit ..$ 35
MeiaScope $ 79
Air Ball .$ 28
Cashman .. $ 24
Karate Kid II ... S 28
AsscmPro ..... In Stock1
AC Basic ...
AC Fortran ....
World Class Leader
tii*’ Apollo 18 . .
Mt*’ Bubble Ghost.....
'amous Courses 2 .
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sit*1 4th and Inches
Graphic Studio .....
Power At Sea
Test Drive ..
Brush Works 1 or 2
. S 69
P. O W
3eyond Zork ..
Game * Basketb..
Game * Baseball....
GB Air Rally
Music Studio .
Shanghai ... ..
Hardware Manual.. ..
Bom Kemal Manual
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Pod 01 Call .....
Video Tiller. .
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ij,*1 Ari ol Chess .
Flight Path 737
Gnd Start. ......
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SP Data Disk HA... .
S P Data Disk *5.
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4x4 Otf Road Race
Temples ol Apshai
Photosynthesis . .
Talker .... ...
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Guild of Thieves.
Jewel oi Darkness
141. ' Umv Military Simu!
1st Letters A Words
Math Talk Fractions
Speller Bee .
* 4, J Twilight Zone
Ultimate DOS Util's
Font Sel 1
Page Setter .....
Prof. Page Setter
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v;i«' Animation Stand
Animator Appr Jr .
Little Red Hen
Three Little Pigs
u-’ Ugly Duckling
Galileo II .
Grand Slam Tennis.
K*-1 City Defense S 16
Black Jack Acad
CAD System ...
Discovery Data Disks
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Faery Tale Adv in Slock1
Land of Legends
Photon Paint In Stock'
Photon Video .
Forms in Flight
City Desk ......
Desktop Artist *1....
Analyze 2 0
Soundscp Pro Midi.
Soundscape Utilfi .
Balance of Power
Hailey Project ..
High Roller_____ .
Ice Hockey ......
Into Eagle's Nest
ProWrite 2 0
A5QQ Adapter ..
Digi-View 3 0
c' Amiga Sound Oasis
Accounting S 99
Breach ......$ 29
Breach Scenario $ 19
I. ,.' Paiadm $ 19
Paladin Scenario S 19
Access 64 Call
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Dr. Term Prof . . ..
The 64 Emulator...
RGB VIDEO CREATIONS
k. ,*' Deluxe Help
RIGHT ANSWERS GROUP
Doug's Maih Aquar..
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Space Fight .....
SOFT LOGIK CORP.
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Oriental Desktop Art
Patch Editors In Stock!
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Road War 2000
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TRUE BASIC. INC.
9 Libraries (each}
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Sludio Magic ......$ 75
Inierch Odject Disk 5 15
X CAD Designer Call
Our objective is to carry every product lor the Amiga and sell them at Ihe best prices. We call only Amiga products, so there's no need to specify. New products come in daily please call for latest prices and availabilily. Our policy is to be as competitive as possible on all product prices. II you find a lower price, give us a call
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AMIGAWORLD, IN CONJUNCTION with tour leading Public Domain software houses, now brings you the largest selection of Public Domain programs ever assembled In one place.
Chiron Conceptions, DevWare, Software Excitement, and Comp-U-Save each specialize in a different area of Amiga Public Domain.
Disks for the developer and advanced user. CLI-based and filled with useful utilities, demos, subroutines, and programs, almost all with source code.
Disks for the Workbench user. Many of the best PD programs for everything from business to games.
Category disks for special-interest users. Music, graphics, C, Amiga Basic, and more.
Each disk Is filled with programs, fully tested, fully de-bugged, documented, and organized in a way that makes them more valuable than other Public Domain disks. A great value at only $ 7.00 per disk plus $ 1.00 postage and handling for each disk).
You could search the BBSs and user group libraries yourself, gathering many of these programs one or two at a time, but these three companies have already done that for you!
But just in case you ARE looking for disks from an existing library, there is also:
Complete libraries of Amicus, Amuse, B.C.S., Fred Fish, I.C.P.U.G., L.I.C.A., M.A.R.C.A, N.C.A.U.G., and New Age. Each disk is only $ 5.00 (plus $ 1.00 postage and handling for each disk).
If you want the complete catalog listings from all four companies describing each disk in greater detail (listings for nearly 700 PD disks!) plus order blanks, specials, and information about contributing to AWPDL, send S2.00 for the AWPDL catalog pack (see order form below).
Here are just a few of the disks available from Software Excitement, DevWare, and Chiron Conceptions:
From Software Excitement (Workbench oriented)
SE 27 - Amoeba Invaders. Arcade game w enhanced colors and digitized sound. Also other games.
SE 29 - Hack. Fantasy adventure game.
SE 31 - Games2. Eliza (psychiatrist simulation), UFO invasion, Brickout clone, more.
SE 40 - Archive Unarchive. Compress and uncompress files.
SE 41 - Music Studio Scores2. Collection of Music Studio song files.
SE 44 - Games3. Life, Vegas Slots, Reversi, more.
SE 50 - XLISP. Version of LISP language w documentation,
SE 51 - PILOT. Version of PILOT language.
SE 93 - Modula-2. Version of Moudula-2 language compiler wI documentation. Many sample programs.
SE 132 - Videomaker Utilities. Desktop video utilities.
SE 134- Applications I. Label maker printer, grocery-list maker, disk cataloger, star viewer (planetarium), more.
SE 135 - Applications II. Fast IFF series player, QuickBase mail- manager d-base, Persmait d-base, more.
(These disks focus on the developer and power user. Most contain source code. All programs must be run from the CLI, and Workbench is not included.)
DW 5 - MenuDemo C source, PagePrintV1.3 printing program, Proff text-formatting prog, similar to Unix nroff, ProffMacros, C source for screen-dump prog., more.
DW 6 - Text and support prog, for 68010 upgrade, 1.1 addmem prog., IFF display prog., text formatter in C, MicroEmacs1.2, Ogre game, 3 “Boing”-like demos, more.
DW 7 - 2 BBS progs, w docs., Grep text utility, MenuEd1.2, Tek- tronics 4010 terminal emulator.
DW 8 - Set of disk-performanee tests, font editor, Hack game clues, MandFXP-D2 fast Mandelbrot (shareware), PowerWindows demo, memory speed benchmark test, Shell2.04M (Matt Dillon’s command shell that adds aliases, command history, and more to
CLI) , more.
DW 11 - C. Scheppner assembler examples, assembler-file requester, DirUtil5, DOS help prog.,2 polygon-drawing demos, ray-tracer demo w C source, more.
DW 16 - LittleSmalltalk object- oriented programming language developed at Xerox w C source,
DW 25 - Blitter-experimenting prog., doubleclick window to front, printer output redirected to disk utility, fast directory list prog., processes-monitoring prog., pipe-device handler prog., graphics demos, text files, games, more.
From Chiron Conceptions CC 516 - Sonix Songs 2.
Nearly 40 minutes playing time (requires either Sonix 2,0 or Sonix Play program).
CC 516- Sonix Songs 3. Even more songs (requires Sonix 2.0 or Sonix Play program).
CC 909 - Home Applications.
Grocery-list construction set, address book, word processor, text editor, appointment reminder, database, loan-amortization prog.
CC 910 - Science & Education. 2D & 3D math-formula-plotting prog., geometry-demonstration tool, aerodynamics CAD prog., astronomy maps and prediction prog., flash-card study prog., HP- 10C calculator emulator, weather predicter.
CC 310- ARP 1.1. AmigaDOS Replacement Project. Replaces most 1.2 AmigaDOS commands with new, faster, and more powerful commands. Includes docs, C source, executables, and install program.
CC 633 - New Movies. 4 animations for Amiga (requires at least 1MB RAM).
CC 634 - DeluxeVideos 2. 4 animations created with Deluxe- Video (DVideo not required). Note:one of these is PG rated.
CC 635 - Brassart Slideshow 1. Impressionistic French Amiga artist.
CC 636 - Brassart Slideshow 2. More work from Brassart. Note: some PG material.
Remember, most ot these are public domain programs, contributed freely to the Amiga community. Some are “shareware” programs for which the authors ask contributions if you feel the program is good enough. There are no guarantees about the quality, usefulness, or results you might get with
any particular program. If the disk is faulty, return it for a replacement. Allow two to four weeks for delivery.
If you have programs you would like to contribute to AWPDL, we will do everything possible to see they get into the public domain.
Send check or money order to: AWPDL, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458
Number of AWPDL disks X $ 8.00 ($ 7 + $ 1 P&H) $ PD catalog pack ($ 2) $
AWPDL disks ordered
A midsummer harvest from the garden of Amiga-related delights.
Compiled by Barbara Gefvert
Down to Business
TWO VOLUMES COMPRISE Panmead Businessware for the
Amiga. Business Pack 1 includes an Invoicing Sales Analysis module for streamlining your invoicing and generating specialized and comprehensive sales-analysis reports. T his module works in conjunction with the Accounts Receivable System, which lets you maintain customer accounts, make on-screen inquiries into ledger details, and instantly reconcile your ledger. The third of the Pack 1 trio is the Inventory Control System. It provides stock-monitoring tools, and comprehensive reports on stock status, goods on order, and price lists.
I he General Ledger and Accounts Payable modules make up Pack 2. The former enables you to chart accounts and budgets, print trading accounts. And more. It also produces financial statements acceptable for banks. With Accounts Payable, you can generate a current position
statement at anv time, track
creditors’ invoices to make priority payments, and establish purchase volumes on a pe- riod-to-date basis. Each volume is £145. Take care of business with Pun mead Limited, 12 Sea- forth Avc., New Malden, Surrey, London, UK, 1-942-0512.
Mark of Zorro 2
productions together. Pause, forward-, and backward-play functions give you control, while the buffered animation, 4096-color palette, and 40-wipe array provide flexibility. Take the stand for Si99.95 at Electronic Arts, 1820 Gateway Drive, San Mateo, CA 94404, 415 571-7171.
BEFORE YOU PRODUCE that custom-printed circuit board, shouldn’t you test and debug with the Zorro-2 prototyping board? With over 4400 plated through holes on a .1-inch grid, the two-sided unit aims for flexibility. The main prototyping area accepts Ics in dual in-line packages, with as many as 64 pins and Ics in arrays of up to 14 x 14. The I O connector pattern and mounting bracket hold standard D connectors with up to 37 pins. Make your mark for S49.95 at Celestial Systems, 2175 Agate Court, Simi Valley, CA 93065, 805 582-0729.
Of the real-time action adventure Dungeon Master. The
game sells for $ 39.95; call FTL Games for details: 6160 Lusk Blvd., Suite C-206, San Diego, CA 9212 L 619 453-5711.
At Full Throttle
TAKE CONTROL OF the FT 6 or the F-18 in Jet. The heads- up display lets you monitor your instruments and environment simultaneously, and a missle's-eye view tracks your weapon to point of impact. A complete arsenal, search radar, and target-tracking computer are at your disposal. Practice in free-flight mode and on strike targets, and then dogfight against computer-controlled enemy craft. A multiplayer option pits you against another pilot via serial-port connectors. Jet is S49.95 from subLOGIC Corp., 713 Edge- brook Drive, Champaign, IL 61820, 217 359*8482, 800 637-4983. ?
Blast away at the targets below in subLQGIC's combat flight simulator, Jet.
PLEAD YOUR CASE with hi- res graphics and animation using DeluxeProductions. The
presentation program offers a storyboard-design concept, and lets you create 12 scenes per production, with five clips (each containing one animated object) per scene. You can work in overscan, and chain
Oubliettes .and Ogres
MAD MONSTERS CHASE you. Deadly weapons fire at you. Magical spells hurl lightning bolts that explode in a thunderous crash. Sound like fun?
Then get your hands on a copy
Amiga World SI
SO A HERD of unruly disks stampedes your work area
daily? W hy not round them
up? The VDS120 can corral 120 disks without sacrificing desk space, and the VDS240 holds twice that! The wall- mountable acrylic units have six and 12 compartments, respectively, and sell for $ 29.95 and $ 39.95. Lasso them at Vertical Solutions, PO Box 7535, Olympia, WA 98507.
• * * 1 *t * * * * t
You're in the starship "megadeth"
• • .
Obvious exits: UP.
You see: Toolbox, Dead Wookie.
_________________ . ___
If it's portable storage you need, the Disk Tot’em is your bag. The attache-style case accommodates up to 250 disks; you can remove partitions to carry other items, too. Available for $ 39.95 from Totem Technologies, PO Box 374, Pinson, AL 35126, 205 856*2437.
The Fan File stands upright like a hook, but when it’s time to boot up, the unit pops open and fans the ten disks within. The compact plastic file retails for $ 5.95. A locking 40-disk acrylic desktop file tray is available for SI6,95.
File for either unit with Fel* lowes Manufacturing, 1789 Norwood Ave., Itasca. 1L 60143, 312 893-1600.
IF YOU THINK your Amiga is useless in the kitchen, you’re wrong. Celebrity Cookbook Volume 1 (S34.99) is a home- catering helper containing 50 recipes, wine and bar guides, party tips, a filer that adjusts recipe proportions for one to 999 servings, and more. Still in development, Volume 2 (S 19.95) will match the contents of your cupboard and fridge with approriate recipes. Contract your culinary companion from Merrill Ward 8c Associates. 255 N. El Cielo Road. Suite 222, Palm Springs, CA 92262, 619 328-8728.
WHETHER YOU IN TEGRATE the ready-made IFF clipart and elipsounds or use your own, the Adventure Workshop gives you the wherewithal to pen uh. Input any interactive story
ROGUE TRAVELER through time and space in search of a priceless treasure, you are the Time Bandit. Journey to 16 lands, each with 16 levels, and speak with the characters there. Along the way you get to play high-stakes cards in a dungeon, pilot a starship, and more. Dual-player mode gives you and another player independent screen sections and the ability to interact.
It’s About Time, Space, and Defense
Slaygon puis you at the helm
The Latest Title
VIDEOTITLER OWNERS: welcome Version 1.1 of the graphics and titling package. Aegis
says they have eradicated all
known hugs, and added an eight-page manual supplement. New features include a sleep mode that allows multitasking between VideoTitler and VideoSEG, plus 3-D perspective paste, sub-menu markers, and pop-up menus on the you can dream up. Plunk down $ 59.95, and you’re on your way. Call SunRi .e Industries for author’s guidelines: 3801 Old College Rd., Bryan, TX 77801, 409 846-1311.
Of the world’s most sophisticated military robot. Your mission is to disable the evil do- baddcrs’ computer, which seeks to annihilate human life through germ warfare. Slay* goifs controls include energy level and directional indicators, a message display, a map view of your movements, and a 3-D front view. Each adventure is $ 39.95. Contact Microdeal. 576
S. Telegraph, Pontiac, MI 48053, 313 334-8729.
Main disk. The VideoSEG disk now offers 27 additional nan- sistions. A frame-specs requester, scrolling ANIM files, and support for the SuperGen (Digital Creations) genlock. The program is $ 149.95; registered owners can update at no charge. Get VideoTitler 1.1 from Aegis, 2115 Pico Blvd., Santa Monica, CA 90405, 213 392-9972, 800 345-9871.
EDITING AND sending patches takes just a point and a click with the CZ-Pat editor librarian for your Casio 101
1000. You can edit in increment decrement fashion with the mouse or by selecting numbers from a table. You can also group patches into blocks to send, and print them out, too. The euphonic editor is $ 35 from CRB Productions, 15 Norton St., Nashua, Ni l 03060.
Four on the Floor
ITS A NICE, sunny day. Whv
4 J «
not pop into a long, sleek machine, power up, and drive away? While the Master-3 A might he a bit cramped for you, your floppies will find it comfy. The external disk drive allows throughput for linking up to four drives, and sports a 25-inch input cable. Take one out of the showroom for $ 189 at Surfside Components. PO Box 1836. Capitola, CA 95010, 408 462-9494.
Who Do Voodoo?
BACK IN AQUATANIA, the green witches have stolen the magic bracelet that protects the city, and dispersed the charms. Jinxter is an illustrated text adventure, complete with a newspaper and play guide scattered with dues. Your job is to locate and capture the seven charms before the witches gain absolute power. The luck of the guardians is yours for S39.95. Rain- bird Software of London is distributed by Activision, 2350 Bayshore Pkwv., Mountain View, CA 94043, 415 960-0518.
S£4 > S SOr s CO 77 7&.
The next generation in sports simulations will be available this summer.
From the creators of GRIDIRON!., the award-winning football simulation. BcCHEiDA toFCWCRO, P.O. Box 1665, Bethesda, Md. 20817 (301) 469-7061 Orders only: 1 800-432-1988
Circle 57 on Reader Service card.
THE GREAT WIZARD Mesron has transported you to the distant past to a time before the mad sorcerers created the evil book of magic. Your mission? Find and stop them. The adventure you thought ended with Question takes on a new twist in Questron II. With improved 3-D graphics, the fantasy promises to surpass its predecessor. It's $ 49.95 from Strategic Simulations Inc.,
104b Rengstorff Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043, 415 964-1353.
Yes, Yes, Internet
NOW YOU CAN network your A2000 into existing computing resources to act as a front end for more powerful machines. Compatible with the internal expansion system, the Amiga Internet package includes an A2000 Ethernet controller with a 10-meg transfer rate, plus both thick and thin cable interfaces for $ 899. Internet supports the industry- standard network-file system, allowing transparent sharing of file svstems with over 100 computer vendors, and lull TCP IP with FTP and TELNET applications for remote file exchange and terminal emulation. Contact Ameristar Technologies for more information: 47 Whittier Ave., Medford, NY 11763, 516 698-
ONE-TOUCH DIGITIZING is now possible with Digi-Droid, the automated filter wheel, connected to your NewTek Digi-View system. Advance your order with $ 79,95 to NewTek, 115 W. Crane St., Topeka, KS 66603, 913 354-1146.
Have a Cigar
SPECIAL DELIVERY FROM the Discovery Software stork comes Zoom!, sibling of the game Arkanoid. Zoom! Prom
DIGITEK HAS A few suggestions for your summer entertainment. You'll need quick reflexes to shoot through the 40 levels of the Break Out- stvle Amegas game. .. .Armed with mirrors, a magic light, and garlic, you must make ii through the Vampire’s Empire to battle the evil Dracula.
. . .Thunder Boy takes you across the land of the dragon in search of a damsel in distress. . . .Gunshoot lets you duel with another person via the two-player mode, or any of 12 computer opponents. .. .If you think you can succeed
Across the Fruited Plains
CANT SQUEEZE A crosscountry trip into your schedule this summer? Then get away with the Great States II game. Your computer-chair excursion will take you across the fab 50, teaching you the geographic features, topography, population densities, and assorted trivia via speech, digi- ises clutse-maze fun on 50 levels. Send $ 29.95 to Discovery at 163 Conduit Street, Annapolis, MD 301 268-9877.
Where all else have failed, try the labyrinth of Final Mission, scattered with mines, traps, and energy fields. .. .In The BIG Deal, your job is to maneuver Floyd the Droid through a restaurant kitchen, serving lip the patrons’ requests. .. .11 all you want to do is get high, you can take to the not-so-friendlv skies in the
combat simulator Skvblaster,
for one or two players. Vampire’s Empire is $ 44.95, all others are $ 34.95 from DigiTek, 10415 X. Florida Ave., Suite 410, Tampa, FL 33612, 813 933-8023.
Tized sound, graphics, and animation. When was the last time you travelled the US for $ 39.95? Great States USA (The Other Guys) owners can upgrade for $ 10. Designing Minds is located at 3006 N. Main, Logan. Utah 84321. Phone: 801 752-2500.
Swipe the Sword
A PROUD NINJA warrior, you must recover the magical sword stolen from your sect
before you can claim the title
of Master Ninja. The sword is hidden in the castle of the evil Japanese warlord. Sanjo. As you work your way through the castle's many chambers, you'll encounter Samurai guards, evil mystic priests, and deadly tigers. Master Ninja: Shadow Warrior of Death ($ 39.95) promises realistic graphics and sound, and over 25 combat scenes that become more difficult as you progress. Start your quest by calling Paragon Software’s distributor, Electronic Arts, 1820 Gateway Dr., San Mateo, CA 94404,
415 571 -7171.
On Your Mark
YOU START OUT in a Mercedes 560 SEC. Beat the clock on six different race tracks, and you graduate to a Porsche 911 Turbo. More success wins you the driver's seat in a Lamborghini Countach, but only the most skilled can take the wheel of the Ferrari GTO. Crazy Cars lets you hammer down to speeds of 189 mph for only $ 39.95. To get your copy, race to Titus Software Corp., 20432 Corsico St.. Chatsworth, CA 91311.818 709-3692.
ARE YOU BILKED, baffled or buffaloed? Need a hint to get you back on track? Quest for Clues provides solutions written in code so as not to spoil your fun for 50 role-playing and adventure games. The $ 24.99 book might just save your sanity. Cue in at Origin Systems Inc., 136 Harvey Road. Bldg. B, Londonderry, NH 03053. 603 644-3360. ¦
The Problem is designing and implementing a unique, powerful user-interface, The Solution is
New! Version 2.5
Your own professional design team!
The brand new 2.5 release of PowerWindows now allows you, the programmer, to design user-interface screens containing not only standard Intuition constructs, but also the unique constructs available in InovaTooIs 1. Of course, as always, when you’ve got your screen looking the way you want it, PowerWindows will generate bug-free source code duplicating your design for immediate installation into your program.
LP@W(Utf Windows 2.5 only $ 89.95
InovaTooIs 1 provides a set of function definitions designed to add power and variety to Amiga software. Developed by Todor Fay, author of 3-Demon, it has almost 40 powerful sub-routines.
only $ 79.95
2. 5 now supports all ft gramming language
V X viy ‘X;!; !;Iy y X v X>>;X>> "XvX v X
nigaBASIC an C BASIC comp
InovaTooIs 1 allows the following features to be added to PW2.5 interfaces:
Pop-Up Menus: anywhere in a window Drag Gadgets: can be moved around display Knob Gadgets: circular, replacing sliders
InovaTooIs 1 also provides reddy to use routines for a great file requester, palette editor, list handler, and over 30 more, in linkable C code and system library format.
At Inovatronics, we don't just improve our Amiga software. We improve everybody's.
The REAL POWER in Power Programming. 11311 Stemmons Freeway, Suite 8 Dallas, Texas 75229 214 241-9515
Trademarks: Amiga: Commodore Int., PowerWindows and InovaTooIs: Inovatronics, Inc., Manx: Manx Software Systems, Lattice: Lattice, Inc. Multi-Forth: Creative Solutions, Inc., TDI Modula-2: TDI Inc., True Basic: True BASIC, Inc., AmigaBASIC: Microsoft Corp., AC BASIC: Absoft Corp., 3Demon: Mimetics Corp.
,4 5 the summer broils along, Cool Hand Lou is on the question hot seat.
Mulling Over Memory
Q: I have an Amiga 1000 with 5I2K and am considering upgrading the memory by at least 2MB. Will all software work when 1 add the extra memory? If not, why? What does auto-configuring mean? Will the extra memory increase the speed of program execution?
J. LeBel Quebec, Canada
A: An Amiga with only 512K is, at best, a minimal machine, limping along at only a fraction of its abilities. If you want to use the latest powerhouse software, you need the extra memory. If you want the ease and performance a RAM disk offers, you need the extra RAM. Your concerns are quite justified, however. Some software (mostly games released before Workbench 1.2) will not work with over 512K of memory. Many of the programs have been reworked to function with extra RAM, and you can usually get an upgraded version direct from the manufacturer. If an upgrade is not available, you can still use most software by running NO- FASTRAM first. Even with all these remedies, some of your programs may not work with the extra RAM installed.
When you turn your Amiga on, auto-config hardware automatically tells the operating system what it is. What it needs
in terms of system resources, and what it will do for the
By Louis R, Wallace
computer and its users. This makes it easy for the you to install and use peripherals. Just plug your auto-config memory board into the expansion bus and turn on the computer.
The memory board transmits all the details.
Under some situations, external RAM (also called Fast RAM) will allow your programs to run somewhat faster. Unlike a program in chip memory, if a program is in Fast RAM, there is no bus contention, or forced waiting while the custom chips access the lower 512K of Chip RAM. To facilitate the use of fast memory when your Amiga has more than 512K, add the statement SYS:SYSTEM FAST'RAM- FIRST to your startup- sequence.
Q: In your Bridgeboard article (see “Bridge Over Troubled Waters," p. 20, in the February '88 issue of AmigaWorld you mentioned the PC side worked okay with an EGA (Enchanted Graphics Adaptor) hoard and separate EGA monitor. You also said that the screen display is slow when using the PC side with an Amiga monitor. Is it still slow when using the EGA with a second monitor, or is it normal for a PC with an EGA board?
A: The screen updates slowly when you use the Amiga display for the PC side of the
Bridgeboard, but if you are using a second monitor with an EGA card, the output to the EGA monitor screen updates at standard PC speed. Any text output generated is being sent to the Amiga PC window, however. As well as the EGA monitor. The Amiga’s PC window display is still slow, but it does not effect the EGA output. If it is annoying, resize the PC window to a small area and place it out of sight.
Trouble from The Start
Q: 1 am having problems running programs from within my startup- sequence file. I want them to run, then 1 want to close the CL1 with an ENDCIJ command. If I precede the ENDCIJ with the programs' names, the first program runs and control never returns to the startup-sequence file. The others never get started, and the CL I rimer closes. If I put them after the ENDCLI, the CLI closes but the programs don't run! How do I multitask them and get rid of the CLI?
A: Without knowing what programs you are running, I can only guess at the problem. If the program names are not preceded by the AmigaDOS RUN command in your startup-sequence file, the first program in the list will start, and unless it returns to the CLI, execution of your startup- sequence file will stop. Try adding the RUN command before each program’s name, for example RUN ED. The programs should each become separate tasks, and the startup- sequence batch should continue, all the way to the END
CLI. Remember, some programs require the CLI they started from to remain open, so you might not be able to close the window and still use the program.
Mac Emulator Rumor
Q: have long heard rumors of a Macintosh emulation for the Amiga, but nothing has ever come to light. Is there any truth to the talk?
A: The Mac Emulator rumor is based on an Atari ST product called The Magic Sac. This hardware software package from Data Pacific Inc. allows ST owners to run some Macintosh software. Data Pacific told me they are working on an Amiga version, but would not commit themselves to a release deadline. They understand that there is a strong demand for the product, and are compiling a mailing list of interested parties to be notified *
when, and if, there is news. Send your name and address to Data Pacific Inc., 609 E. Speer Blvd., Denver, CO 80203, 303 733-8158. ¦
B1 k=30:Wht=31 : f gPen = Red : o 1 Pen=f g P e n :HFact = 5;V Fact=5 S F a c t = 4 : S m 11 o m = 6 : B 1 k X = I 9 : B 1 k Y = 1 9 : 0 1 d X = 2 3 : 01 d Y = 2 3 BTC u r = 0 : f rame = - ! :HStripe=0:VStripe=0:Bold=0:Dnder=0 T0pen = 0:TBo!d=0:TUnder = 0:Pe n = 0:SI Pi x = 0:x = 0:x1=0;x 2 = 0 y = 0 : y 1 = 0 : y 2 = 0 : m=0 ; n = 0 : m I D = 0 : m 11 e m = 0 : T x t L e ri = 0 : X min = 0 X m a x = 0 : Y m i n = 0 : Y m a x = 0 : U s e X = 0 : U s c Y = 0 : B x = 0 : B y = 0 R o w = 0 ; C. o 1 = 0 r c o n t i n u e = 0 : S L v 1 e % = 0
Tex t $ = "":ke v$ = "":Ty peS = "":T i 11e$ = ""
DIM Co 1 ors NumCols-I, 2 ) ,CurBG(2),CurGrd(2)
FOR x = 0 TO NumCols-1
FOR y = 0 TO 2: READ Co 1 or s( x , y ) : NF.XT NEXT
DATA 0,75,0.75,0.75, 0.00,0.00,1.00,
0. 70,0.00,0.00 1 .00,0.2 5,0.00 1,00,0.60,0.00
0. 50,0.00,0.50 0,30,0.00,0.00
DATA 1.00,0.50,0.50, 1.00,0.00,3.00,
DATA 1 .00,0.7 5,0.50, 1 .00,0.50,0.00,
DATA 1.00,1.00,0.70, 1.00,1.00,0.00,
DATA 0.50,1,00,0.50, 0.00,1.00,0.00,
DATA 0.00,1.00,1.00, 0.00,0.00,1.00,
DATA 0.70,0.60,1.00, 0.70,0.00,1.00,
DATA 1.00,0,50,1.00, 1.00,0.00,1.00,
DATA 0.60,0,30,0.00, 0.A0,0.10,0.00,
DATA 0.75,0.75,0.75, 0.50,0.50,0.50,
DATA 0.00,0.00,0.00, 1.00,1.00,1.00 C u r B G (r)=Colors(0,r):CurBG g)=Colors(0,p)
Cu r RG ( b }=Co 1 o rs ( 0 , l>) : Cu rC r d ( r ) =Co 1 o r s ( 2 , r )
C u r 0 r d ( g) =C o 1 o r s ( 2 , g ) : C u r G r d ( b ) = C o 1 o r s 2 , b )
SCREEN 2,320,200,5,1:WIND0W 2,, ,16,2 FOR x=0 TO NumCols-1
PALETTE x,Colors(x ,r),Colors(x,g),Colors(x,b)
COLOR gr i d,bg:CLS
LOCATE 10.12:PRINT”Basic Video lexi”
LOCATE 12. 19:PR 1 NT"hv"
LOCATE 1 A, 1 :PR I NT PTAB(91);"Brvan D. Catley"
CHDIR" : BasicDenios'’ ; LIBRARY”graphics, library'’
CHDIR":":Msg " "
MENU 1 , 0,1 ."BigText"
":MENU 1, 2,0, ":MENU I, 4,0, "r MENU 1 , 6,0, ":MENU 1, 8,1, ON ":MENU 1,10,1,
MENU 1, 1,1."Open
Clear It Erase It Undo It H Stripe ON Draw Factors
MENU 1, 3,0,"Draw It MENU 1, 5,0,"Place It MENU 1 , 7,1 ,"Crid OFF MENU I, 9,1,"V Stripe MENU 1,11,1 ,"Qui t MENU 2,0,1."Pens"
MENU 2,1,1,"BG Color MENU 2,3,1,"FG Pen MENU 3,0,0,"St vie"
":MENU 2,2,1, "Grid Color" ":MENU 2,4,1,"OL Pen
":MENU 3,2,1 ."Under 1ine ON ":MENU 3,4,1 Italics
MENU 3,1,2," Plain MENU 3,3,1."Bold ON MENU 4,0,1 ."Scroll"
MENU A, I , 1 ."Left ":MENU 4,2,1,"Right”
MENU 4 ,3, I, "Up ";MENU 4 ,4,1, "Down "
MENU 4,5,1," X 2";MENU 4,6,2," X 4"
MENU 4,7,1," X 8"
G FT(0 , 0 ) -(ScW i d,Sc De p),UndoBu f%
CLS:GOSUB DoGridrON MENU GOSUB GetMenu:MENU ON WaitHere: ' Wait for a Menu Selection
ON continue GOTO WaitHere,GetText,DrawTxt,DoFactors 0N continue-4 GOTO P g m E x i t
G e t T c x t : ' Get Users Input Text
IF Topen THEN DoClose ELSE DoOpen DoC1o se:
IF S t P ix = 0 THEN StPix = 8:C0T0 NextChar WINDOW CLOSE 3:T0pen=0 LINE( B1kX-2,B1kY-2)-(B1kX,B1kY),bg,bf
Listing continued on p. SS
Aztec C Dev.
Aztec C Com.
Source Level Deb. $ 55
All Products CALL
Gee Bee Air Ralley$ 28
500 XJ Joystick
Forms in Flight
Faery Tale Adv.
Byte by Byte
Excellence $ 190
Aztec C Pro
King of Chicago
All Products CALL
Flight Sim. II
Top Down Dev.
WP Library CALL
40 Disk Holder
DSDD Disks (10)
HARD DRIVES A2000
20 MEG $ 599 40 MEG $ 829 65 MEG 5899 A1000
20 MEG $ 659 40 MEG $ 879 65 MEG $ 949
EXTERNAL PRO DRIVE $ 195 CAL. ACCESS $ 185 AIR DRIVE $ 159.95
PRO DRIVE $ 149
AIR DRIVE $ 139.95
IF it's not Listed CALL. We carrv over 500 Products.
105 LYNN ST. NACOGDOCHES, TX 75961
Shipping Info: Software Shipping rax* are S1.90 itom UPS Ground Servicefmax 6.00) or S3 AO tetn UPS 2nd Day Air Scrvicc(mia $ 12.00). Call for hardware shipping. Refund A. Return Policy: All return* must have an RA . Call Customer Service 409-560-2826 to request m RA f.. Defective merchandise under warranty will be repaired ot replaced. Returned pmduct must be in original packaging. We do not offer refund* for defective product* or for produca that do not perform satisfactorily. Wc make no guarantee* for product performance. Money back guarantees must be handled directly with manufacturer._
Price* subject to change without notice .Delivery subject to Availability.
Keep Your Mouse Operating Like New!
Clean It Regularly With Mouse Cleaner 360°
Kven with minimal use. The positioning rollers ol your Mouse build up dust. Dirt, anti oilier substances. It not cleaned regularly, this unwanted grime will inlerlere with cursor response' and may lead to expensive repair bills or premature replacement of the Mouse.
Mouse Cleaner 360° uses an ingenious concent to scour vour Mouse and keep it operating as it should. Simply insert the patented Scrubber Ball into the Mouse cavity. With a lew circular motions on the Scrubber board, your Mouse is clean
Contact your local Computer Dealer. Distributor (including Micro I). Bonsu. K; Ingram) or call:
G=OJ I Ron ir-*e=
3450 Yankee Drive, Ste. 100 Lagan, MN 55121 612 452-8135 • 800 888-8458_
Circle 94 on Reader Service card
V ONLY $ 159.00
• 144 cps Draft; 28cps NLQ
• 2 years warranty
KX-P 1524 KX-P 1595 KX-P 1592 KX-P3131
KX-P 1091 i KX-P 1092i
mu n .
AfiOO Computer A501 512K RAM Expansion 1084 Color Monitor A1010 3V4M external drive A2000 Computer A2010 3 Vi " internal drive A2052 2MB RAM Expansion A2088D Bridgecard with
5. 25 w drive
Call for the best prices!
Packard Bell Modem
2400B SI 49.00
Hayes Compatible • 1200B External Modem $ 79.00
• PC Plus
Kverylhing is in simk, sliip ilie same day Amiga is ihr ngisuicd irailcmarK of ( jhiiiihkIum- Humium M;whiiifs
Authorized Dealer for Amiga, Epson, Panasonic
MENU 1,1, I, "Open " : MENU l,2,0:MENU 1,3,0
MENU I,5,0:MENU 1,1 1,1: MENU 3,0,0
Tex i $ ="" :TxtLen = 0 : BTC u r = 0 : GOTO Wa i t lie re
WINDOW 3,"Ente r Text:",(62,1 35)- 248,I 71),18,2 CO I.OK , Blk:CLS:LlNE( 5, 5)-STEP ( 1 7 6 , 1 2 ) , Wh t , b f CALI. Se tSo f t S t y 1 e ( WIND0W( 8) , S t y 1 e% , 255)
MENU 1,5,0:MENU 1,10,0:MENU 1,1 1,0: MENU 3.0,1 TO p e n = - 1 :S t P i x = 8:T e x t $ = "":CO L0 R ,Wht N e x t C h a r :
Txt Len=TextLength&(WINDOW(8).SADD(TextS),EEN(TextS)) LOCATE 2:COLOR Org:PRINT PTAB(StPix+TxtLen+2);"|: COLOR Blk: kevS=""-WHILE kev$ ="":kev$ =INKEYS:WEND IF WIND0W(1) >3 THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 3 IF key $ = CHR$ (13) THEN CctDone
IF key S-CUR $ (8) OR kev$ =CHR$ (31 ) THEN CurLoft IF key$ CHR$ (32) OR key$ >CHR$ (127) THEN BEEP:GOTO NextChar END IF
IF StPix+Txtl.en> 160 THEN BEEP : GOTO NextChar T e x i $ = T e x t S + k e v S
PRTNT PTAB(StPix);:Msg TexL$ :G0T0 NextChar C u r L e f t :
IF T x t L e n = 0 THEN BEEP:GOTO NextChar T e x t $ = LEFTS(Text$ ,LEN(Text$ )-l)
PRINT PTAB(S t Pi x ) ; : Msg Text$ +" ":G0T0 NextChar Get Done:
COLOR Wht ,Wht: PRINT PT AB S t P i x + Tx t l.en + 2 ) ;"
WINDOW OUTPUT 2
MENU 1,1,1 : MF.NU 1,2,1 : MENU 1,3,1 MENU 1,5.1 : MENU 1,10,1 I F I.EN ( Tex t S ) >0 THEN
LIN E(B1k X - 2,R1k Y- 2)-(B1k X,B1k Y),IgPen,bf LlNE(BlkX-2,B1kY-2)-(BlkX,B1kY-2) ,olPen END IF
DrawTxt: ’ Draw Enlarged Text
IF W1N DOW( ! ) > 3 THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 3
IF B1k X +((StPix+Txt 1. E n-8)* H F a c t)> S c W i d THEN
BEEP:COLOR Red,Blk:LOCATE 4,2:Msg "Text too long!" GOTO WaitHere ELSEIF BlkY+(8*VFact)>ScDep THEN
BEEP:COLOR Red,BIk:LOCATE 4,2:Msg "Text too tall!" 00T0 WaitHere ELSE
COLOR B 1 k,B1k:LOCATE 4 , 2 : PR I NT SPACE$ (20):
WINDOW 2 : GET(0 , 0)-(ScWid , ScDep) , I*ndoBuf % : WI NDOW 3 Xmin=8:Xmax=StPix+TxtLen+Xmin Ymin=8:Ymax=17:Bx=BlkX:By=BlkY xl=HFact-l+VStripe:yl=VFact-l+HStripe
FOR x=Xmin TO Xmax E0R y = Ymi n T0 Ymax
IF P0I NT(x,y) = B1k THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2
LIN E(B x,B y)-ST E P(x1,yI),fgPen,bf IF ol PenOf gPen THEN
WINDOW OUTPUT 3: IE P01 NT(x- 1 , y ) >B1k THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2 LINE(Bx,By ) -STEP(0 , y1) ,olPen END IF
WINDOW OUTPUT 3:IF P0INT(x +1,y) >B1k THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2
LTNE(Bx + xl,B y)-ST E P(0,y1).olPen END IF
WINDOW OUTPUT 3:IE P0I NT x,v- 1) > Bik THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2 LI N F. ( B x , B v ) -STEP ( x 1 ,0) .olPen END IF
WINDOW OUTPUT 3:IF POINT(x,y+1) >Blk THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2
LIN E(B x,B y + v1)-ST E P(xl,0).olPen END IF
Listing continued on p. 90
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AMIGA 500 1084 MONITOR
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FIRST LETTERS 4 WORDS
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ART GALLERY I II PR1NTMASTER PLUS VIP PROFESSIONAL
AC BASIC™ V1.3 - NEW
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DIRECT MICRO GUARANTEE
¦Diskettes are 100% certified DS DD 135 TPI Error Free!
If you are not completely satisfied, simply return the product for refund or replacement
TO ORDER CALL
DIRECT MICRO 1776 Dividend Drive Columbus, Ohio 43228
(614) -771 -8771
Easy to use compiler is very fast with great graphics. Plus, AC BASIC is the only BASIC compiler for Amiga that is compatible with the AmigaBASIC interpreter so your existing programs can be compiled with no changes and run up to 50x faster.
Easy to use documentation is indexed and includes over 200 examples on disk: plus a full spreadsheet written in AC BASIC and HAM graphics examples
Extensions include: SELECT CASE, BLOCK IF, STATIC arrays. Recursive subprograms. Create stand-alone applications (no redistribution fee) NCP $ 195.
Mainframe quality, full feature ANSI FORTRAN 77 compiler includes: Debugger, Linker, Library Manager, Runtime Library, IEEE math, and C interface. Supports Complex numbers, Virtual arrays, Overlays and Linking. Not copy protected. $ 295.
08020 68881 version also available $ 495.
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3. 5” DS DD 135 TPI Diskettes'
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$ 1.29 ea. Qty of 50 $ 1.39 ea. Qty of 25
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3. 5" DISKETTES!
WINDOW OUTPUT 3 END IF By=By+VFac t NEXT
Bx=Bx+HFact:B y = B1k Y NEXT
MENU 1,4,1:GOTO WaitHere
DoFactors: ' Set Horizontal & Vertical Factors
MENU 1 , 0,0 : MENU 2,OfO:MF.NU 3,0,0:MENU 4,0,0 WINDOW 5, ,( 63,8)-(247 , 108),0,2 COLOR Yel,DBrw:CLS
LOCATE 2 , 3 : PR 1NT"Hori zontal Factor:"
LOCATE 4,3:PRINT” xl x2 x3 x4 xV
LOCATE 6,3:PRINT” x6 x7 xB x9 xlO"
LOCATE 8 , 3:PR I NT"Ve r t i c a I Factor:”
LOCATE 10,3: PR I NT” xl x2 x3 x4 xV
LOCATE 12,3:PR I NT” x6 x7 xH x9 xlO"
LOCATE 1 4 , 3 : PR I NT” x 1 1 xl2 xl3 xU x 1 3"
LOCATE 16,3:PRINT”x16 xl7 x!8 xl9 x20"
LOCATE 19, 11 :PRINT"(JK”
LINE( 1 2, 20)-STEP(160,32 ),Yel,b LIN E( 12,36)-STEP(160,0),Ycl FOR x = 44 TO 140 STEP 32 LINE(x , 20)-STEP(0,32).Yel NEXT
LIN E(12,68)-STEP( 160,64 ),Yc1.b FOR v-84 TO 116 STEP 16
LIN F(12,y)-STEP(160,0),Yel NEXT
FOR x=44 TO 140 STEP 32 L1 N K ( x , 6 8 ) - S T E P ( 0 , 6 4 ) , Y e 1 NEXT
LINF.( 12, 140)-STEP( 160, 16),Yel ,h n=HFact :m=20:COSUB SetEac ll n = V F a c t:m = 68:COSUB SeLFactl G e t F a c t :
WHILF. MOU S E(0) > O:W E N D: WH I LE MOUSE O ) = 0 : WEND x = MOUSE( 1 ) : y=MOUSE(2)
IF x 1 2 OR x> I 7 2 THEN Get Fan
IF y>20 AND y V2 THEN Get Her
IF v>68 AND v 13 2 THEN GetVrt
IF y 140 OR y>166 THEN GetFact ELSE FactXit
n = H F a c t:m=20:COSUB Set Fact II Far t = n : GO TO (let Fart G etVrt :
n = V Fa c t :m=68:COSUB Set Fact V F act = n:GOT0 Ge t Fa c t SetFact :
R ov=1 NT((n 1) 5):Co 1 = (n-1 ) MOD 5
LINE(13 + Col*32,m+1+Row*16)-STEP(30,14)p Dbrv,h
Co 1=I NT((x-I 2) 32) + 1 : Row = I NT( y-m) 16)
n = C o1+(Row* 5)
SetFact I :
R o v = I N T ((n- 1 ) 5):C o1 = (n- 1 ) MOD 8
LINE !3 + Col*32,m+l+Row*]6)-STEP(30,14) ,Red,b
F a c t X i t:
WINDOW CLOSE 5
MENU 1 , 0 , I : M E N U 2,0,I:MENU 3,0,1: M K NT il 4,0,1 GOTO Wait He re
PgmExit : ' Quit and Return to Basic
IF Stv1e% >0 THEN CALL SetSoftStyle(W1NDOWC8),0,255)
MENU OFF:MENU RESET:LIBRARY CLOSE
WINDOW CLOSE 2:SCREEN CLOSE 2
GetMenu: ' Come Here on any Menu SelecLion
continue=l :mID = ME N U(O):m11 e m = M E NU(1 )
ON mID GOTO DoBigText,DoPens,DoSty1e,DoScro11
DoBigText: * Handle Big Text Requests
ON mltem GOTO TopnC1s,TC1r,TDrv,TErs,TP 1c,TUndo ON mltem-6 GOTO Tgrid,THor,TVrt,TFacI,TQuit TO pnC1s:
continued :GOTO MenuEx i l TC1 r :
WINDOW OUTPUT 2
L I N E ( B1 k X - 2 , B I k Y - 2 ) - ( B 1 k X , R 1 k Y ) , b g , b f : BT C a r = 0 WINDOW OUTPUT 3
COLOR , Bik:CLS:LINE(5,5)-STEP( 176,12),Wht,bf COLOR Blk.Wht
MENU 1,1, Or MENU 1,2,0:MENU 1,3,0 MENU 1,5,0:MENU 1,10,0
T e x t $ = " " : S L P i x = 0 : continue=2: GOTO Menu Ex i t Tdrw:conti n u e = 3:GOTO MenuExit Ters :
IF WINDOW(1) >2 THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2 GET(0,0)-(ScWi i , Sc Dep) . I! N il o B u f %
MENU 1 ,4,0:CLS:G0SUB DoGrid IF TO pen THEN
LTNE(BlkX-2,BlkY-2)-(BlkX,BlkY),fgPen,bf LINE(BlkX-2,BlkY-2)-(BlkX,B1k Y- 2),oI Pen END IP
GOTO Menu Ex it Tgrid:
IF frame THEN
PA LETTE grid.CurBG(r),C u rBG( g ),C u r BG(b)
MENU 1,7,1, "Grid ON 11 : f r a me = 0 : GOTO Men u E x i t
MENU 1,7,1,"Grid OFF " : frame = -1 :GOTO MenuExit END IF T Pic:
WINDOW 2:WHILE MOUSE(O) >0:WEND:WHILE MOUSE(0)=0:WEND 01d X = B1k X:01d Y = Bik Y:B1k X = MOD S E(1):BlkY = MOUSE(2)
LINE(01dX-2,01dY-2)-(OldX,0 IdY ) ,bg,bf LINE(B1kX- 2,B1kY- 2)-(B1k X,B1k Y ) , f gPen , h f L I NE f R 1 kX - 2 , B1 k Y - 2 ) - ( B I k X , B 1 k Y - 2 ) , o 1 Pe n WII I L F MOUS K ( 0 ) >0 : W FN I): W 1 N DOW 3 GOTO MenuExii Thor :
IF HS t r i pe THEN
MENU 1 , 8 , 1 , "H Stripe ON ":HStripe = 0:GOTO MenuExit END IF
MENU 1,8,I,"H Stripe OFF":HSt ripe=-1:GOTO MenuExit Tvrt :
IF VS tripe THEN
MENU 1 , 9,1,"V Stripe ON " : Vstripe = 0:GOTO MenuExit END IF
MENU 1,9,I,"V Stripe OFF":VStripe = -1:GOTO MenuExit Tfa c t:
continue=4:GOTO MenuExit Tun do:
IF Topen THEN WINDOW 2 PUT(0,0),Und oBu f%,PSET IF Topen THEN WINDOW 3 GOTO MenuExit
Tquit: continue=3:GOTO MenuExit
DoS Lyle: f Handle Request for Text Display Change
ON ml t e m G OTO S e t P 1 a i n , D o U n d e r , I) o B o 1 d , S e t I t a 1 i c s SetPlain:
Style%=Style% AND 3
MENU 3,1,2:MENU 3,4,I:GOTO SetStyle DoUnder:
IF Tunder THEN
S L y1e%=SIyIc% AND 6
T Un d e r = 0:M E N U 3 , 2,1,"Under ! Ine ON " :GOTO SetStyle ELSE
Style%=Style% OR i
Tunder=-l:MENU 3,2,1,"Under 1 ine OFF":GOTO SetStvIe END IF D o B o 1 d :
IF Tbold THEN
Sty1e%=Sty1e% AND 5
TB o 1 d = 0:ME N U 3,3, I, "Bold ON ":GOTO SetStvIe
S t y 1 e% = St y 1 e% OR 2
Tbold=-1:MENU 3,3,1,"Bold OFF ":G0T0 SetStvIe
END IF Setltalics:
St y1e % = S ty1e% OR A
Listing continued on jr. 92
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* Very low standby power (typically 6mA) r Does no! Click when diskette removed
* Switch on rear panel allows drive to be disabled
TwfNDRIVE™ $ 299 TRIDRIVE™ $ 419
TWO 3.5" DRIVES IN ONE CASE THREE 3.5" DRIVES IN ONE CASE
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MENU 3,1,1:MENU 3>4,2:G0T0 SetStyle SetStyle:
WINDOW OUTPUT 3
CALL Se t So f t S t y1e(W1NDOW(8)* S t y1e% , 2 55)
Text$ = "":StPi x-StP ix + TxtLen:TxiLe»=0:GOTO MenuEx It
DoPens: T Handle Change of Pens and or Palettes
ON mltem GOTO ChngBG,ChngGrid,ChngFGPen,ChngOLPen Chn gBG :
Ty pe$ ="BG":GOSUB Get Pen Cu rBG r) Colors(Pen t r )
Cu r 13G ( g ) -Co 1 o r s( Pe n , g )
C ti r BG ( b ) =Co I o r s( Pen , b)
I I* NOT f rame THEN
PALETTE grid , C u r BG(r),Cu r BG(g),Cu r BG(b)
PALETTE bg,CurBG(r)fCurBG(g),CurBG(b):GOTO MenuExi t C hn gGrid:
Type$ ="Gr i d":GOSUB GetPen CurGrc! ( r )=Col ors( Pen , r )
C ur G r d(g)=C o1o r s(Pe n,g)
Cu rGr d(b)=Colors(Pen,b)
PALETTE 1, C u r G r d (r),CurGrd(g),CurGrd(h)
IF frame THEN
PALETTE g r id , C u r G r d(r),C urG r d (g).Cu r G r d(b)
GOTO MenuExi1 (' h ngPGPen :
Tvpe$ = "Drawing":GOSUB Get Pen IF fgPen=ol?en THEN olPen=Pen fgPen=Pen:GOTO SctBTcur ChngOLPen:
T ype$ = "Out 1 i tie" : GOSUB Get Pen :ol Pen=Pen SetBTcur:
IF BTCur THEN WINDOW OUTPUT 2
LINE(BlkX-2fBlkY 2) (BlkX, B1 k Y ),fgPen , hf LINE(BlkX-2tBlkV-2)-(BlkX,BIk Y-2),olPen END IF
GOTO Menu Ex i t
I) o S c r o 1 1 : ' Handle Scroll Request
x I = 0 : x 2 = S c W i d : y I = 0 : y 2 = S c D e p ON mltem GOTO Sc Le f I , S c R i g h L , S c tl p , S c Do w n ON mltem-4 GOTO S e t Sfa c t , Se tSFac t , Se t. S Fac t SetSFact:
MENU SmltemJ : Sfac t = 2 - ( ml t em-4 )
SmItem=mTLem:MENU 4 ,SmItem,2 GOTO MenuExit
S c L e ft: x1= S Fa c t ;x=SFact*-l:y = 0:GOTO S c r o11 IL
S c R i g h t : x 2=S c W i d-S Fa e L:x =S Fa c t:y = 0:GOTO S c r o 1111 S c U p : yl=SFact:x=0:y=SFact*-l : G OTO Scrolllt
ScDown: v 2 = S c De p-S F ac t :x = 0:y = S F a c t :GOTO Sc r o11 IL
Sc r o 1 111 : SCROLL(x1 , y 1 ) -(x2 , y2 ) ,x,y:G0TO MenuExit
MenuExit: 1 Leave Menu Event & Return to Cal ler
DoGrid: ' Draw Grid Over Background
PALETTE grid tCurBG(r),CurBG(g)“CurBG(b)
FOR x=16 TO 320 STEP 16:LINE (x,0)-(x,200),grid:NEXT FOR x-16 TO 192 STEP 16:LINE (0fx )-( 320,x)fgrid:NEXT IF frame THEN
P ALETTE g r i d , C u r G r d(r),G u rG r d(g),C u rG r d(b):E N D IF RETURN
Get Pen: f Draw Palettes on Screen & Get Selection
TitleS="Select "+TvpeS+":x=0 WINDOW 4 f T L11e S,(0,0)-( 2 9 0,12),0,2 FOR v = 3 TO NumCols-1
L I N E ( x t 1 ) - S T !•: P ( I 0 , 10) , v , bf : x = x+ 10 NEXT
WHILE HOUSE ( 0)00: WEND : WHILE MOUS E( 0 ) = 0 : WEND Pen = INT( (MOUSF.( 1 > 10)+3)
WHILE MOUSF.f 0) >0: WEND : WINDOW CLOSE 4 : RETURN SUB Msg (MsgTxiS) STATIC
CALL Tex t & (WIN DOW ( 8) , S A I) D (Msg T x I $ ) , LEN ( MsgTx t $ ))
END SUB ¦
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Talker $ 42
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Page Setter S90
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A-DRV . , . $ 48
HiCalc $ 36
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Talking Colo'Book Si8
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Fire Power $ 15
Galactic Invasion Call
Land of Legends S30
Music X $ 180
Photon Paint S60
Photon Video Call
Romantic Encounter. . Call Turbo $ 15
MICRO MAGIC Forms in Flight $ 60
MICROPROSE Silent Service $ 24
MICROSEARCH City Desk S90
Desktop Artist s-i .. Call Head Coach . $ 30
MICROSMITHS Fast Fonts $ 24
TxEd $ 24
MICROSYSTEMS SW Analyze 2 0 $ 90
BBS-PC $ 60
Excellence1 Si 80
On-line $ 42
Organize . . $ 60
Scribble $ 60
The Works . . ST 20
Capture $ *20
3 Demon $ 65
Express Paint 2 0 Call
Framebufler . . $ 420
Midi Interface $ 43
Sound Sampler .... $ 80 Pro Midi Studio ... $ 125 MINDSCAPE Balance of Power $ 30
Bratacus $ 30
Defencer of Crowr S30
Deia Vu $ 30
Gauntlet $ 30
Hailey Proieot $ 27
Harrier Combat $ 30
Impact . $ 30
indoor Sports S30
Into Eagle's Nest . S30
Keyboard Cadet $ 24
King of Chicago $ 30
Plutos ...... $ 18
Rader $ 27
SAR Preparation .... S48.
S DI .... $ 30
Smbad . S30
Superstar Ice Hockey . $ 30
Uninvited . $ 30
Holmes . Call
Page Flipper $ 30
Deluxe Help Calligr $ 27 Flew $ 60
Pro Write 2 0 $ 75
NEWTEK A5G0 Adapter . $ 20
Digi-Droid . . $ 62
Digi-Paint .. S36
OigiView 2.0 ..... S130
NEW WAVE Dynamic Drums S48
NIMBUS Accounting $ 90
NORTHEAST SOFTWARE GROUP
Order .. S30
Publish St 20
AutoDuel .... S30
Moebius $ 36
Ultima III . . .
Ultima IV , . $ 36
Maxiplan $ 90
Maxiplan Plus .. .. $ 5 20
PECAN SOFTWARE UCSD Pascal ... $ 60
Fortran 77 $ 60
Basic $ 60
Modula 2 $ 60
Pascal Prof $ 120
fortan Prof . . $ 120
Basic Pro! Si 20
Modula 2 Prof $ 120
POJ SOFTWARE AiRT . . Call
POLYGLOT SOFTWARE Crossword Creator Call
Dominoes ..... Call
Logistix . ... .....
The 64 Emulator ....
RIGHT ANSWERS GROUP
Doug's Math Aquarium
C64 Emulator .
Galileo 2 0
Roadwar Europe .... $ 24
Road War 2000 ...... S24
Wrath of Nicodemus . $ 24
Flight Simulator ____$ 32
Jet .... $ 32
Scenery Disks (Ail) . $ 17
European Scenery .... $ 17
Perfect Vision Call
Studio Magic $ 50
Interchange $ 30
Acqusdion $ 180
X-CAD Designer $ 360
All Products Available Modula II - Comm. . $ 180
Modula H - Devel. .. $ 90
Modula II - Reg...... S60
THE OTHER GUYS
Omega File .. Call
Promise Spell Checker Call
THREE SIXTY INC.
Dark Castle $ 27
Diskwik . $ 36
Crazy Cars S40
Footman ... $ 18
TRUE BASIC True Basic . $ 60
9 Libraries (each) ... $ 30
Runiime . $ 90
Aesop's Fables ...... S30
All About America . $ 36
Decimal Dungeon $ 30
Fraction Action $ 30
Ghostly Grammar .. $ 30
Land of the Unicorn $ 36
Read 8 Rhyme ..... $ 30
Read-A-Rama $ 30
The Word Master . $ 30
Art Gallery'1.2 $ 5 8
Prmtmaster Plus $ 30
VIP TECHNOLOGY Professional 590
Word Perfect $ 200
51 i DS DD 25c 200 Lot 3Yp DS DD ... 1.30 30 Lot
FUJI - MAXELL SONY - VERBATIM
31 2 DS DD
1. 80 30 Lot
BASF 31 2 DS DD
1,50 30 Lot
This is a selection from the over 870 Amiga products we carry. New products arrive every day
- please call for latest price and availability information,
Denotes new products
Customer Service: FAX:
Hours: Mon-Fri 10 a.m. - 8 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Send Mail Orders To: M. C. S. 12854 Farmngton Rd.. Livonia. Ml 48150 School P O.’s Accepted - Ca l For Terms
No Surcharge for MCYlSA'DISCOVER Sorry no walk in traffic All returns must have R A Merchandise found defective will be repaired or replaced We do not offer refunds for defective products or for products that do not perform satisfactorily, We make no guarantees for product performance. Any money back guarantee must be handled directly with the manufacturer Call for shipping & handling info. Prices subject to change without notice.
12864 FARMINGTON ROAD, LIVONIA. Ml 48150 We cannot guarantee compatibility.
DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED
3D Animation and Rendering Power
2 000 000.000:1 Resolution Truo & Fal6e Tracing
Voctorlnauon of IFF imports Real-Time Mouse Control
Surface Mapping or Algorithmic Storage
Free-handed Paths All Resolutions including Overscan!
Parametric Formulated Paths Multiple Moving Cameras & Views
Oblect-Polyhodron-Face Breakdown Multiple Moving Lights
Hierarchical Object Linkage *1ah KyB
No script flies
MORE! 1-800-942-WARE In NJ:
MitcKell f Ware Systems
481 Spruce Manor, Bollm&wr. NJ 06031 1"609‘933"3802
Meditation 1 Interrupts
Meant lor senous (or aspiring) Amiga programmers only: specific details of the Amiga Exec interrupt system More man 60 pages covering the design philosophy, general principles, rules foruse. Issues to consider, common problems, plus many working examples. Includes details of general interrupts, software interrupts, functions, prionties. Decoding, dispatching, disabling, and sharing. Two week, money-back guarantee if not satisfied
Written by Carl Sossenrath, pnncipai designer of the Amiga Multitasking Executive (Exec) and author ol the Amiga ROM Kernel Manual. Exec.
To Order send S14.95 cneck or money order to:
Guru's Guide 1
P. O. Box 1510 Ukiah, CA 95482
California residents add 6% sales lax.
Gu'u s Gu*3o i5 3 Trademark, o! Sassenralh Roioaicft
Associates, Inc. The OISK SPECIALISTS
Featuring C. ITOH, SONY, Etc: DISTRIBUTORS
3. 5", 100% Certified, Lifetime Warranty!
Bulk C. ITOH
Prices subject lo c-iange without notice For Sony, others, please write cal! Shippmg Handlng- S6 00 min , plus S3 50 pe' 100 disks N Y residents add Sales Ta* COD’s add S5 00 American Express, money order or check accepted Mm. Purchase- 550 00 We Ship worldwide inquire apoul rates. Other brands, and quantity pricing available Wnie Cali lor AMIGA Product Listings Educational. Corporate. Dealer inquiries mviied
MCP Associates, Inc., P.O. Box 6260, Dept AW, L.I.C., N.Y. 11106-0260 Tel: (718) 956-9000 Exceptional Serv.co * Quality Fax: (718) 956-9028
DELUXE PAINT II SHAKESPEARE PAGESETTER CLIMATE
THE NEW IMAGE
4875 TAM I AM I TRAIL CHARLOTTE HARBOR, FIA 33980 (VIDEO DEPT) 1- 813)-625-90Q1 24 Hrs.
35mm COLOR SLIDES
from your IFF or HAM files
* Brilliant Color • No Curvature Distortion as low as $ 1 slide Call or Write for order form, price list & sample
11280 Washington Place Culver City, Ca, 90230
Payroll Inventory ca|| 0f wrjfe today
Acds Receivable AcctsPayable atah-vn
Check ledger General ledger for Q FREE CATALOG.
Box 668-A Encinitas, CA 92024
Great Amiga PD Software Only S4 to $ 6 per Disk!!!!’
The AMIGA Specialists
AMIGA Software AMIGA Peripherals AMIGA Computers
3826 Woodland Park Ave. N., Seattle,
WE SHIP AROUND THE WORLD
Known internationally for exceptional service. Knowledgeable, multi-lingual staff.
U. S. overseas personnel!
We specialize in APO & FRO shipping!
Ask for our Overseas Military Special Pricing!
"Mwi of the dixkx ennuun mam prugraim li>lc*1 rr the highlights’ '
Disks are S6 each Ooer 5 lo M dsks (or only S£ oacb S4 each lev 15 c more FREE Same-day shipping (loreign add S.50 disk)" UPS 2nd-day-air add S3.'order FREE catalog with order or request Over 100 more disks available NOW! Software Excitement, "Srrvice uilh Lxrdh'tia "
P. O. Box 5069, Central Point, OR 97502 (503) 772-6827
Fast delivery, charged when shipped AX. Discover. VISA. MC. M O. Certified check Authorized AMIGA Dealer
WA 98103 206-547-OMNI 206-547-6664 Fax 206-547-6012
23- Vo-coo Gar-10
» 9C“Te*0CtTTr-iunc*Cri5 pnjg-arin
• Iie-Scpaus.**** program U9-CAD
* 122-Sdtf»i0 caret rjines
* 12&-Grnvty Wvs game l3l-PacMai 87 11M-vf Mmgw prexyam
* 27-Amoaca irwmwa (twcw mr. Seven 106-30 Qraaxoot gains
Prjte* Onv Generate* »l17-03taSss« prcg-am X120-PCLTB5 "tom V*jr»£>encri
• 123-Crtoago game 129-HO Ela:ku&’Dpari1 Tutor 133-003 Nxoc 137-BU*:>J«« lUMlxy toUJWMuHd)
prognms 1O6-Jjtx>0r Done 11&-Abrr3 f’rcosi.r
11&-MS3 0 Command garne
»l2*-eacxganmon game 1Z7-Talking Vvhoal of fVline gamr,
* 1Xi-Fkij)py Ovo Spwriuc «134-L.ltrt Mik*
• 130-OyWaJ Hammer jfantnsfc y*rm '
The Master 3A Disk Drive For Your Amiga
High-Tech Gloss Black Face Plate Quieter Operation
• 100% Amiga Compatible
• Smaller &. Slimmer than the 1010
• 28" Cable
• Daisy Chalnable
• I Year WarTantv
P. O. Box 1836 Capitola, CA 95010
In Calif: (408)462-9494
E|* (Call for Shipping)
Dealer Inquiries Welcome
NO SCAN LINESI TOP QUALITY FAST
NEW LOW PRICE!!
ANY IFF FILE PROCESSED DIRECTLY FROM YOUR DISK!
2k resolution 35mm slides $ 6,75 each and as low as $ 2.75 each. Also digital color separations. Now accepting Visa MC, minimum order $ 25.00.
Call or write for our full service list:
ImageSet 555 19th St., San Francisco, CA 94107
AMIGA DUST COVERS
‘Satisfaction Guaranteed ’Custom Made ’Heavy 32oz Vinyl ’Colors TAN & BROWN ’Quantify Discounts Available
(A) 500 1000 2000 MONITORS
(F) EXT 3.5 DRIVE
(B) 1000 2000 CPU w DRIVE
(G) EXT. 5.25 DRIVE
(C) 1000 KEYBOARD
(H) MOUSE COVER
(D) 500 KEYBOARD w DRIVE
(I) 10" PRINTER
(E) 2000 KEYBOARD
(J) 15" PRINTER
COMBINATIONS: (A) (B) S28.00; (A) (D) (H) $ 31.00: (A) (B) (E) (H) S34.00 (A) (B) (C) (F) (H) $ 39.00 Order By Stating Make. Model & Color (TAN or BROWN) with Check or M,0 Plus $ 2 00 per Item (S5.00 Max) SHP. & HDL; CA. Res add 6% Tax. COD’s $ 3.00.
CROWN CUSTOM COVERS, 24621 Paige Circle, DEPT. A-2 Laguna Hills, CA. 92653 (714) 472-6362
Educational Software K thru ADULT
ALL CURRICULAR AREAS*INCLUDES RELIGIOUS PROGRAMS SEND FOR A LIST OF OUR SOFTWARE
P. O. Box 24750 Edina, MN 55424 612-929-2242
Laser Light Shows on the Amiga
|H|The Pull-Down Menu
The lowest-cost, highest-performance laser show system for any computer anywhere. Produce professional laser graphics for clubs, bands, planetariums, theaters, etc. Requires 1 meg Amiga and laser projector. Software from $ 295 to $ 995. Laser projectors from $ 1500.
Send SASE for free information to: Patrick Murphy, Pangolin Laser Software, 1016 N. Daniel St. 2, Arlington, VA 22201 or call (703)527-4880.
Now available! Demo disk $ 15 Demo VHS video $ 15
PDWerSnasterLets Your Amiga Control Your House!
PROGRAM AUTOMATIC COSTROL OF LIGHTS AST) APPLIANCES USING PowerMaster AMD THE X 10 POWERHOUSE SYSTEM
* Plug Lamps & Appliances. Into X 10 Module* • Plug X U) Motbik* Into Wall Sockets
• Program X HI Coniputei Interlace With PowerMaster (up to 128 times. 256 modules)
• Computer Interface tkniimands Modules To Turn ON. OFF. «>r DIM Using Existing House Wiring Hatters Racked Interface Removes From Serial Port • Full Intuition Interface • Save L Retail Event Files
• PowerMaster Software &: X-10 Computer Interface: $ 55+ $ 3 s h
• PowerMaster Software Only: $ 22 + $ ] s h SPECIFY A500 1000 2000 Modules available (fi> Radio Shack, Sears, Heuthkit, others Ccrir-rr-rliCEi lions 1727 Parkview • Redlands, CA * 92374 * (714) 794-5311
Kl-O I KAMIMAKhS X 10 X 10 tl'SAl INC. AMIUA COMMOIKJIO ItlMSKVS M VCIIINf.S
SPECIAL OFFER: A2000 MEMORY BOARDS
• Zero Wait State Unpopulated (OK). . . .$ 175
• Auto-Configuring 512K, 1MB, 2MB.....Call
• 512K 1MB 2MB DIP Switch (415) 792-6216
LEE DATA SYSTEMS
39120 Argonaut Way, Suite 165 • Fremont, CA 94538
18 month warranty on all boards
INTRODUCING . . PROJECT “D”
* An easy to use, friendly & intuitive user interface.
• A powerful and fast backup tool that lets you make backups of your copy-protected
* A unique backup tool lor duplicating other disk formats including MS-DOSfPC-DOS
and Aiari ST.
* This product is not copy-protected in any way.
$ 49.95 ea
Send check or money order to:
Includes shipping and handling!
Fuller Computer Systems Inc.
Arizona residents add 6.5% sales tax
P. O. Box 9222
Dealer Inquiries Invited
Mesa. Arizona 85204-0430
Amiga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga Inc
OR CALL (602) 835-5018
FOR YOUR DESKTOP VIDEO PRODUCTIONS
Title Screens • Background Mattes* Fouls • Textures • Custom Logos * 21) & 31) Available on VHS BETA 3.5' Disk
35 mm SLIDE TRANSFER SERVICE
lend forfroecat.ilotf orull:
'[ IT VISION
CUSTOM LOGOS & PRESENTATIONS
125 White Spruce Boulevard * Rochester; NY 14623 • (716) 424-5041
Progressive Peripherals & Software, Inc.
We are looking for extraordinarily talented Amiga Software Hardware Developers. If you have the magic, we would like to talk with you! Call Dan Browning or Steve Spring at:
A HIGHLY OPTIMIZED ASSEMBLER BASED APL INTERPRETER FOR FAST AND POWERFUL PROGRAMS, FEATURES A COMPLETE INTERFACE TO THE AMIGA ENVIRONMENT WITH PULL-DOWN MENUS, REQUESTER AND ALERT BOXES. SPEECH, SOUND AND GRAPHIC FACILITIES.
Frederick Bldg. 220 Huntington, WV 25701
Westwood, N.J. 07675
P. O. Box 248 (2011 666 6011
fllY KEFORE YOIT BEY!
Best selling games, utilities, and classics plus new releases! SPK
• 100's of titles
• Low prices
• Same day shipping
• Free brochure
Order Direct lor S99 + 7 shipping. SI0 Canada VISA MC AMEX +4% NJ res. + 6% sales tax.
AMIGA DTP OUTPUT SERVICE
LIN0TR0NIC™ OUTPUT (2450 D.P.I.)
Lazerwriter Output (300 D.P.I)
Color Separations, halftones from disk or photo to 30" x40" Slides from disk.
Send us your postscript files!
2500 Central Pkwy. F2
Houston TX 77092
Cali for a price list 713-680-0374
Now accepting Visa Mastercard
Over 85 disks of only the best of the Public Domain and Shareware. Tested and sorted into the following categories: Animation, Applications, Games, Graphics, Information, Music, Programming, Sound, Telecommunications, and Utilities.
For a free list, send a business size SASE to:
Micro Computer Associates, Amiga Software,
P. O. Box 5533, Katy, IX 77491-5533.
The Pull-Down Menu
AMIGAWORLD’S Pull-Down Menu is a great opportunity for those with AMIGA products to reach over 88,000 Amiga owners. AmigaWorld is the only publication with a subscription card in the box with every Amiga computer, national newsstand distribution by ICD Hearst, and single copy sales in computer stores carrying the AMIGA as well as large bookstores such as B. Dalton and Walden Books.
To reserve your Pull-Down Menu ad call Heather Paquette on the East Coast at 1-800-441-4403 or Danna Carney on the W'est Coast at 1-415-328-3471. We accept checks, money orders, MasterCard or VISA,
?any art digitized hi-res to disk ¦"film recording of IFF, HAM, Overscan disk image (slides-prints- 3" x 4" transparency)
* 4 color separations!!!
* NO RASTER LINES OR SCREEN WARPING
cUdl$ *te i4' cmtc4t4- Se tviced
Mueller Visual Productions 1630 5th Ave., Suite 216 Moline, IL 61265 1-309-797-1353
AmigaWbrld is a publication of IDG Communications, the world’s largest publisher of computer- related information. IDG Communications publishes over 90 computer publications in 33 countries. Fourteen million people read one or more IDG Communications publications each month. IDG Communications publications contribute to the IDG News Service offering the latest on domestic and international computer news. IDG Communications publications include: ARGENTINA’S Computerworld Argentina*, ASIA’S Communications World. Computerworld Hong Kong, Computerworld Malaysia, Computenvorld Singapore, Computenvorld Southeast Asia, PC Revietv; AUSTRALIA’S Computenvorld Australia, Communications World, Australian PC World, Australian Macworld; AUSTRIA’S Computerwelt (Jester- reich; BRAZIL’S DataNews, PC Mundo. Micro Mundo; CANADA’S Computer Data; CHILE’S Informatica, Computation Personal: DENMARK'S Computenvorld Danmark, PC World Danmark: FINLAND'S Mikro, Tie- toviikko; FRANCE'S lv Monde Informatique, Distrih- utique, InfoPCTelecoms International; GREECE’S Micro and Computer Age; HUNGARY'S Computenvorld SZT, PC Mikrovilage: INDIA’S Dataquest; ISRAEL’S People 5E Computers Weekly, People Uf Computers Hi-Weekly; ITALY’S Computerworld Italia; JAPAN’S Computer- world Japan; MEXICO'S Computenvorld Mexico; THE NETHERLANDS’ Computerworld Netherlands, PC World Benelux; NEW ZEALAND’S Computenvorld New Zealand; NORWAY’S Computenvorld Norge. PC World Norge; PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA’S China Computerworld, China Computerworld Monthly; SAUDI ARABIA'S Arabian Computer Neivs; SOUTH KOREA’S Computenvorld Korea, PC World Korea; SPAIN'S CIMWORLD. Computerworld Espana, Commodore World, PC World Espana, Comunicaciones World, Informatica Industrial; SWEDEN’S Computer Sweden, Mik- rodatorn, Svenska PC World; SWITZERLAND’S Computenvorld Schweiz; UNITED KINGDOM'S Computer News, DEC Today, ICL Today, LOTUS, PC Business World; UNITED STATES’ Amiga World, CD-ROM Review, CIO, Computer Currents, Computenvorld, Computers in Science, Digital News, Federal Computer Week, 80 Micro, FOCUS Publications, inCider, InfoWorld, Macintosh Today. Mac World, Computer + Software News, Micro Marketworldih’bhar-Friedman). Network World, PC World, Portable Computer Review, Publish!, PC Resource, RUN, Windows; VENEZUELA’S Computenvorld Venezuela; WEST GERMANY’S Computerwoche, Information Management, PC Welt, Run, PC Woche, RUN.
Manuscripts: Contributions in the form of manuscripts with drawings and or photographs are welcome and will he considered for possible publication. AmigaWorld assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to any material. Please enclose a self-addressed, stamped envelope with each submission. Payment for the use of anv unsolicited
Material will be made upon publication. All contributions and editorial correspondence (typed and double-spaced, please) should be directed to AmigaWbrld Editorial, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458; telephone: 603-924-9471. Advertising Inquiries should be directed to Advertising Offices, IDG Communications Peterborough, Inc., 80 Elm St., Peterborough. Nil 03458; telephone: 800-441-
4403. Subscription problems or address changes: Call 1-800-525-0643 (in CO. 1-303-447-9330) or write- in A miga World, Subscription Dept., PO Box 58804. Boulder, CO 80322-8804. Problems with advertisers: Send a description of the problem and your current address to: Amiga World. 80 Elm St.. Peterborough, NH 03458, ATTN.: Lisa LaKleur, Customer Service Representative.
List of Advertisers
ASDG Inc., 4
Haitex Resources, 17
Abacus Software. 57
Intelligent Memory, 48
Lattice. Inc., 59
Ameristar Technologies, 76
M. W. Ruth Co., 58
Manx Software. 51
Contest, 60, 61
Microcomputer Services, 92, 93
Public Domain Library, 80
Pull Down Menu, 94, 95
Subscription Ad, 71
Micro Magic, 70
Readers' Choice Responses, 77
Mindware International, 18
Bethesda Softworks, 83
Brown-Wagh Publishing. 7
Oceanic America. Clll
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 21
Oxxi, Inc., 44
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 23
PC Plus, 88
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 23
Progressive Peripherals & SW, 37
Computer Mail Order, 69
ReadySoft, Inc., 9
Computer Mart, 87
ReadySoft, Inc., 48
Creative Computers, 62, 63
Digital Creations, 24
Software Shop, 75
Direct Micro. 90
Sound Quest, 68
Discovery Software, 19
Sprite Technology, 91
Elan Design, 13
Star-Flite Telemarketing, 89
Taito Software, 15
GE Information Services, 65
The Right Answers Group, 76
Go AMIGA, 78, 79
Top Down Development, 2
Gold Disk, 5
Word Perfect Corp., 53
Great Valley Products, 22
Xerox, Inc., 55
Great Valley Products, 22
* This advertiser prefers to be contacted directly
This index is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume liability lbr errors or omissions.
As a service lo its readers. Amiga World will periodically publish the names of companies who are having difficulties meeting their customer obligations or who have gone out of business. Readers are adviser! To contact Amiga World before dealing with these companies: Computer Best, FutureSoft Applications If you have am questions or concerns about advertisers in A miga World, please contact: Lisa LaFleur. Customer Service Representative, Amiga World Magazine. 80 Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458. Through our customer service repre senlative. AmigaWorld assists readers with problems they may have with advertisers. However, AmigaWorld does not assume any liability for advertiser's claims.
3 2 " Compatible Disk Drive
Inside the incredibly small Master 3A is a powerhouse of advanced technology for your Amiga.®
Extra long cable lets you position the drive where you want it.
Additional serial port allows daisy chaining. 100% compatible. Fully guaranteed.
Ask your dealer for the Master 3A compatible drive.
Manufactured by m Oceanic America P.O. Box 70587, Eugene, OR 503-741-1222IFan 50a-741-1535 DEALER inquiries invited
Circle 117 on Reader Service card. Ami i is a rendered irademark Commodore Electronics LTD.
Excitement and danger await your induction to tracer duty? As a tracer, you must rid the computer networks of slimy, criminal data thieves. They are tricky and the action gets tough, so watch out! Utilizing all your skills, you'll either get your man or you'll get burned!
Enter a Magical Land where you participate in the adventures of three brothers as they seek their ultimate fate in the Faery Tale Adventure. With over 19,200 playable screens, the quest takes you through a land full of vicious monsters, enchanted princesses, fearsome dragons and even a kindly old woodcutter or two.
Alms for the poor
OTHER PRODUCTS MICROILLUSIONS
This follow-up to Black Jack Academy provides complete anc accurate simulation of casino craps. For the novice learning tn- game, or the pro polishing his skills, Craps Academy offers hig powered instruction and realistic game play!
Place your beis
17408 Chatsworth 3 360-3715 • Outsit
Cirde 37 >n
MUST AGREE with G.L. ls- dell [“Losing Faith,” Repartee. April '88, p. 10]. I have owned three C-64’s, The first one had to be replaced as soon as I took it out of the box. The second one lasted slightly longer.
When the A1000 was first introduced, Commodore chose to disassociate it somewhat from the Commodore name and the 8-bit machines. My first thought was that maybe
J 10 c redit applies. Offer good for SO days from sign-up.
D 1988 General Electric Company. USA